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Page 1: Editorial Team - UNP Kediri
Page 2: Editorial Team - UNP Kediri

Editorial Team

Editor

Dr Shankar G. Editor, International Journal of Research and Review, Baroda, Gujarat; India. Email:

[email protected]

Prof. (Dr.) Vinay K. Srivastava, Head, Dept. of Psychiatry, KD Medical College Hospital & Research

Center, Mathura, UP.

Dr N.S. Neki; Professor, Dept. of Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

Dr. John Lenon E. Agatep, Executive Director - ACLC, Macau Ltd., Philippines.

Editorial Team Members

Dr. Manisha Jindal, Dean, School of Medical Sciences and Research, Sharda University, Greater

Noida, India.

Dr. Seema Piyu Deo Mahant, Professor & Head of The Department (General Medicine), Govt. Medical

College, Datia (M.P.), India

Dr. Sonali Jain; Assistant Professor in Microbiology, Goldfield Institute of Medical Sciences,

Faridabad, India.

Dr. Fazal-Ur Rehman; Associate Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College,

AMU, Aligarh, India.

Dr. Arunima Chaudhuri, Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Rampurhat Government

Medical College and Hospital, Rampurhat, West Bengal, India.

Dr. P. Krushna Kishore, Associate Professor, Dept. of Biochemistry, College of Dental Sciences &

Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Dr. Ashish Tyagi, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Forensic Medicine, S.H.K.M. Government Medical

College, Nalhar, Nuh - 122107 (Haryana).

Dr. Swarup P Kulkarni, Associate Professor and HOD, Dept. of Rachana Sharir (Anatomy), Dr JJ

Magdum Ayurved Medical College, Jaysingpur, Maharashtra, India.

Dr Lalitesh Kumar Thakur; Specialist- at Institute of Pesticide Formulation Technology, Ministry of

Chemicals & Fertilizers, Govt.of India), Gurgaon.

Dr Abubakar SaddiqMagaji; Dept. of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kaduna State

University, Nigeria.

Hamid Reza Mirkarimi;Department of Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Science and Research

Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Dr Angani Mary Talatu; Lecturer II, Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary

Medicine, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi.

Dr V.G. Shobhana, PhD (Agri- Biotechnology), Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Dr. Silvy Mathew, Rapinat Herbarium & Centre for Molecular Systematics, St. Joseph's College,

Tiruchiappalli, Tamilnadu, India.

Dr Kanakam Elizabeth Thomas; Dept. of Microbiology, SRM Dental College, Chennai.

Dr. Subhash Chanda; Associate Professor, AC College, Jalpaiguri, WB, India.

Dr Dipak Kumar Hazra; Asst. Prof., Dept. of Agricultural Chemicals, Bidhan Chandra Krishi

Vishwavidyalaya, Kalyani, Nadia, WB, India.

Binu Thomas; Guest Faculty, PG Dept. of Botany, Deva Matha College, Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Dr S. Ponmani, Assistant Professor (Environmental Sciences), Mother Terasa College of Agriculture

(Affiliated to Tamil Nadu Agricultural University), Illuppur, Pudukkottai, TN, India.

Dr Narendra Kumar Jatav, Lecturer & Head of Dept.; Department of Plant Pathology,PND Agricultural

College, Gajsinghpur, District Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India.

Dr Subha Ganguly, Scientist (Food Microbiology) & Scientist In-charge, Department of Fish

Processing Technology, Faculty of Fishery Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery

Sciences, Kolkata, India.

Dr Abd Elmomiem Ahmed Elzain,Associate Professor in Physics, Department of Physics - Kassala

University - Sudan & Department of Physics - Qassim University, Saudi Arabia.

Ajay B. Gadicha, Asst. Prof., PR Patil College of Engineering & Technology, Amravati, Maharashtra,

India.

Himani B., Faculty, Global Scientific Research Academy, India.

Lusekelo Kibona, Lecturer, Information & Communication Technology, Ruaha Catholoic University,

Iringa, Tanzania.

D.S. Pushparani, Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, SRM Dental College, SRM

University, Chennai, India.

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Dr. Bijender Singh Chauhan, Professor, Dept. of Applied Art, College of Art (Delhi University), New

Delhi.

Prof. Lokanath Suar, Faculty in Law, G.M. Law College, Puri, Odisha, India.

Dr. G.C. Samaraweera; Senior Lecturer, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of

Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Kamburupitiya, Sri Lanka.

Dr. Vijendra Singh Solanki, Asst. Professor, Department of Chemistry, IPS Academy, Indore, India.

Dr. C. Jayakumar, Teaching Fellow, Department of Applied Science and Technology, A.C. Tech, Anna

University, India.

Sunil J Kulkarni, Associate Professor, Chemical Engineering Department, Gharda Institute of

Technology Lavel, Khed, Maharashtra, India.

Dr. Yogesh Kumar; Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Husbandry, Government of Rajasthan,

India.

Dr. Brijesh H. Joshi, In-Charge Principal, Academic & Administration, B.L. Parikh College of B.B.A.,

Palanpur.

Prof. S. Rajathi; HOD of Child Health Nursing, Arun College of Nursing, Vellore, Tamil Nadu.

Prof. Loc Nguyen, Director of International Engineering and Technology Institute, Vietnam.

Dr Rubee Singh; Assistant Professor, HR Institute of Technology, Delhi NCR

K M Vishnu Namboodiri; Head of the Department of History, Mar Thoma College, Tiruvalla, Kerala,

India

Raffi Mohammed; Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ramachandra College

of Engineering, Eluru, West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh.

Dr. Sonia Kaul Shali; Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice Administration, Unitedworld

School of Law, Karnavati University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat

Dr. D. Venkadesh, Assistant Professor, PG and Research Department of Commerce, A.V.V.M.Sri

Pushpam College (Autonomous) Poondi, Thanjavur District, Tamilnadu.

Selvaganapathy Manoharan, Assistant Professor, CK College Of Engineering And Technology,

Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu

Vishal A. Kanjariya, Assistant Professor, Information Technology Department, Birla Vishvakarma

Mahavidyalaya (BVM), Engineering College, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand, Gujarat, India.

Dr. Anita G. Chandwani, Librarian (Asst. Prof.), Rajkumar Kewalramani Kanya Mahavidyalaya,

Nagpur.

Prof. Dr. Senthil Kavitha. R., Associate Professor, ESIC College of Nursing, Gulbarga, Karnataka.

Dr. Bemina JA, Assistant Professor, ESIC College of Nursing, Gulbarga, Karnataka.

Pushparaj Pal, Asst. Prof. (ECE) in ICL Engineering College, Ambala, Haryana.

Dr. Radha Arora, Associate Professor, M.G.N College of Education, Jalandhar, Punjab

Prof. Ajay Kumar Sharma, Department of Physics, B.C. College, Asansol, West Bengal

Dr. Nilesh Jain, Associate Professor (Pharmaceutical Sciences), Sagar Institute of Research

Technology & Science-Pharmacy, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh

Vinodkumar Mugada, Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Vignan Institute of

Pharmaceutical Technology, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh

Dr. Dharmendra Solanki, Professor, Charak Institute of Pharmacy Mandleshwar, Khargone (M.P.),

India

Dr. Pallav Mukhopadhyay, Assistant Professor, Department of Journalism & Mass Communication &

Coordinator, Department of Film Studies, West Bengal State University, Kolkata.

Dr. P. Sudhalakshmi, Assistant Professor of English, PG & Research Department of English, Vellalar

College for Women, Erode, India.

Rajeev Prasad, Chief Engineering Geologist, Hindustan Construction Co. Ltd., India.

Neha Bharti, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Jaipur Engineering

College and Research Center, Jaipur, Rajasthan.

Dr. Neeta Gupta, Associate Professor, D.A.V. (PG) College, Dehradun, India.

Dr. Bilal AYDOĞAN, Head of Department of Electrical and Energy, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University,

Turkey.

Dr. A. Sundar Raj, Associate Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering,

E.G.S. Pillay Engineering College, Nagapattinam

Dr. J. Srinivas, Associate professor & HOD (Civil Engineering); Adams Engineering College,

Telangana, India.

Dr. A.C. Deepa, Assistant Professor, Dr. N.G.P. Arts and Science College, Coimbatore

Page 4: Editorial Team - UNP Kediri

Dr. Manoranjan Tripathy, Research Associate, Research and Publication Cell, Dev Sanskriti

University, Haridwar, Uttarakhand.

Dr. Froilan D. Mobo, Associate Professor II, Philippine Merchant Marine Academy, Philippines

Dr. A.R. Kanagaraj, Professor & Assistant Controller of Examinations, Department of Corporate

Secretaryship, Dr.N.G.P. Arts and Science College, Coimbatore

Dr. Mohammad Anamul Haque, Physiotherapist, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh ,

Kingdom of Saudi Arab.

Dr. Gargi Dhar, Assistant Professor (Nutrition), School of Public Health, College of Health Science

and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, SNNPR, Ethiopia.

Dr. Sachidananda Mallya P, Lecturer (Oral Pathology), AB Shetty Dental College, Mangalore

Prof. P Malyadri, ICSSR Senior Fellow, Centre for Economic and Social Studies (CESS), Begumpet,

Hyderabad-500016

Rincy Yesudas, Assistant Professor, Department of Food & Biotechnology, Jayoti Vidyapeeth

Women's University, Jaipur

Dr. Radha K., Vice-Principal, Bhopal Nursing College, Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research

Centre, (DHR, Govt of India), Bhopal

Prof. Kuldeep Bhalerao, Assistant Professor, Bharati Vidyapeeth's Institute of Management Studies and

Research, Navi Mumbai

Dr. Chandan Kumar, Associate Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health

Science, Sharda University, Greater Noida

Dr. Jebin Abraham, Faculty of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab,

India

Dr. Deo Mani Tripathi, Faculty- Department of Higher Education, Govt. of Uttarakhand, Dehradun,

U.K.

Dr. King Solomon Ebenezer, Senior Scientist, Bioscience Research Foundation, Chennai

Dr. P. Gurusamy, Assistant Professor & Head, PSG College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore

Swapnil D. Tayade, Ph.D Scholar (Genetics and Plant Breeding), Dr. P. D. K. V., Akola (M.S.)

Dr. P. Kiran Kumar, Associate Professor, Vignan Institute of Technology & Sciences, Hyderabad.

Dr. P. Sriraaj, Asst. Professor, PG Department Of Business Economics & Economics, D.G. Vaishnav

College Chennai.

Dr. Garima Baradia, Assistant Professor, Parul Institute Of Medical Sciences & Research, Vadodara,

Gujarat.

Dr. (Mrs.) R. Ponchitra, Professor & Vice Principal, MGM New Bombay College of Nursing,

Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Hebsiba P., Assistant Professor, Sree Gokulam Nursing College, Venjaramoodu, Trivandrum

Dr. Harish N., Lecturer in Economics, Adarsha PU College, 1st Block, 12th cross, R.T. Nagar,

Bangalore.

Febi Junaidi, Researcher, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia.

Page 5: Editorial Team - UNP Kediri
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International Journal of Research and Review

Vol.7; Issue: 11; November 2020

Website: www.ijrrjournal.com

Research Paper E-ISSN: 2349-9788; P-ISSN: 2454-2237

International Journal of Research and Review (ijrrjournal.com) 258

Vol.7; Issue: 11; November 2020

The Implementation of Prodamas to Increase the

People’ Prosperity

Mochamad Muchson

Postgraduate Program, Nusantara PGRI University, Kediri, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

Prodamas is a People Empowerment Program

done by Kediri Governance from 2015 up to

now (2019) with the fund allocation for each

neighborhood is RP. 50.000.000 per year covers

public infrastructure, economy and culture. For

2019, Prodamas Plus Model in developed with

additional program on health, education and

youth with Rp.100.000.000 as fund allocation

per year for each neighborhood. The aim of this

research is to find the program implementation

in the level of neighborhood, to see the

achievement of program in increasing the

citizens’ prosperity. The approach of this

research is qualitative with descriptive design

and the data collecting method is questionnaire.

The research sample is selected randomly form

the citizens in neighborhood in Kediri city. The

data analysis technique used qualitative analysis

focusing on category analysis. The research

found: 1) the Prodamas under the public utilities

scope like water-channel, water absorption,

paving, etc. 2) the Prodamas under economy

empowering like sewing workshop, cooking,

compressor, the saving and loan cooperative,

etc. 3) the Prodamas program under the culture

scope like garbage cart, flag pole, sound system

device, funeral equipment, etc. The suggestion

from citizens is Prodamas should increase more

the citizens’ involvement, the transparent and

accountable fund management, and more

emphasize on the entrepreneurship. The

discussion on the findings: 1) Prodamas has

been conducted well with the completeness of

the proposal documents in neighborhood level

like public utilities, economy, culture, and the

additional program on health, education and

youth, 2) The program has been conducted well

on the public utilities, economy, culture, and the

additional program on health, education and

youth, 3) Prodamas has been fit with the essence

of the citizens empowering program, 4)

Prodamas has been fit with the citizens

empowering program principle, 5) Prodamas

has been fit with the aim of citizens empowering

program except economy program (workshop)

because the program didn’t continue to business,

6) a clear measurement on the success of the

program, the measurement is not only on the

input-process-output but also the outcome that is

the follow up and the effect on the citizens’

prosperity and citizens’ empowering.

Keywords: Empowerment, Prosperity,

Empowering

INTRODUCTION

Empowerment is from the word

‘power’ which means given power, not only

the power within but also the power to

influence surrounding. The citizens’

empowerment has the essence as the

increase of skill and give power to the

citizens to plan, build, and maintain the

process of development independently. This

strategy is applied under the constructions

“if the citizens are given chance to decide

independently, they will do the best for their

own shake”

Kediri government in 2015-2019

financial years has launched Prodamas

(Program Pemberdayaan Masyarakat) with

the tagline “Rp. 50.000.000 for one

neighbourhood every year” (Program

Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Di Kota Kediri,

2014). The activity of this program is to

identify the neighbourhood needs for public

utilities, economy and social. The fund

allocations are 60% for infrastructure and

40% for economy and social. The midterm

and long-term purpose of this program is to

increase the citizens’ prosperity because

with the sufficient infrastructure, access to

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Mochamad Muchson. The implementation of prodamas to increase the people’ prosperity.

International Journal of Research and Review (ijrrjournal.com) 259

Vol.7; Issue: 11; November 2020

economy, education and health will be

guaranteed. The same point of view also on

the economy empowering aspects, there will

be a time when citizens could increase their

prosperities. The social program called

“house fixing” for example, this program

affects on productivity because the fit house

could facility the economy activity and

increase the quality of health and education.

From the discussion above, a study

on the Prodamas implementation is needed

to answer the questions “is Prodamas

applied based on the manual and does it

could increase people’s prosperity?”

Kediri government in 2015-2019

financial years has launched Prodamas with

the tagline “Rp. 50.000.000 for one

neighbourhood every year”. This program

has been applied well for 5 year by Kediri

local government and Kediri people. This is

the reason why a deep study is needed to

find how Prodamas implemented and how it

could increase people’s prosperity.

The research problem is limited to

the implementation of Prodamas in

neighbourhood level which cover

infrastructure building, people economy

development, culture development and

people’s prosperity increase so that the

research problem proposed is “how

Prodamas is implemented in increase Kediri

people prosperity?”. The objective of this

research is to study the implementation of

Prodamas in increase Kediri people’s

prosperity.

Theoretically, this research is

beneficial for: 1) Researcher: by conducting

this research, the researcher could enrich his

knowledge about people empowerment

especially from three points of view such as

enlightenment, capacity building, and

empowerment. Prodamas as the form of

empowerment (power, authority or chance)

are planning, implementing, and controlling.

The infrastructure building, economy

activity and social are proposed to increase

people’s prosperity, 2) University:

University as the higher education could

produce new theory/concept about

empowerment from the empowerment point

of view. 3) Knowledge: Empowerment

theory/concept as one side of empowerment

is hoped to add the reference on new

empowerment knowledge.

Practically, this research beneficial

for: 1) People (neighbourhood), the program

could teaches the people about identifying

their own needs, planning, implementing,

and controlling the activity of infrastructure

building, economy, and social for their own

prosperity. 2) The urban village, the urban

village could maximize its role as the guide

for teh people in planning, implementing,

and controlling the activity of infrastructure

building, economy, and social for their own

prosperity. 3) Regency, the regency as

“owner” must have SoP (Standard of

Operation) as the manual of Prodamas

implementation in the level of urban village

and neighbourhood. The existence of SoP

will guarantee the implementation of

Prodamas based on the standard and the

efforts of increase the prosperity could be

achieved.

LITERATURE REVIEW

The citizens’ empowerment is

placed the citizens as the centre of attention

and put them as the implementer (centred

development). The citizens or people are no

longer the objects of development but they

are the subjects of development so that their

participation determines the success of

development, this strategy is taken as the

correction on the failure of growth oriented

development which marginalize the people

and give the big economy big players and

the government as the centre of economy

growth.

People base policy will give more

guarantees to create more continuum

fairness (Muslim, 2015). The policies

produced by the government will be more

sustainable and durable because the policies

get the supports from all people’s elements.

Explains that the understanding of the

empowerment conventional has two

definitions. 1) to give power or authority to

or giving power, change the power, or to

delegate authority to others side. 2) to give

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Mochamad Muchson. The implementation of prodamas to increase the people’ prosperity.

International Journal of Research and Review (ijrrjournal.com) 260

Vol.7; Issue: 11; November 2020

ability to atau to enable or the work on

giving skills or explicit power (Wrihatnolo

& Dwijowijoto, 2014). The second is about

how to create chance to actualize someone’s

power (people).

Seeing from the definition of

empowerment in the previous paragraph,

Prodamas is eligible as the people

empowerment because the program with the

main word is empowerment. This has two

definitions: 1) to give power or authority to

or giving power, change the power or to

delegate authority to others side. The

government delegate the development

authority to the citizens. 2) to give ability to

or to enable or the work on giving skills or

explicit power. The second is about how to

create chance to actualize someone’s power.

The aim for this is to give skills and power

to people.

The citizens’ empowerment is

placed the citizens as the centre of attention

and put them as the implementer (centred

development). The citizens or people are no

longer the objects of development but they

are the subjects of development so that their

participation determines the success of

development, this strategy is taken as the

correction on the failure of growth oriented

development which marginalize the people

and give the big economy big player and the

government as the centre of economy

growth.

Explained that the process of

empowerment has three stages:

resuscitation, capacitating, and empowering

(Wrihatnolo & Dwijowijoto, 2014), the

followings are the steps:

a. The first step is resuscitation. This stage

give empowered people are

“enlightened” by giving them

understanding that they have right to

move out from the recent condition to

more empowered situation. Program in

this stage is by giving cognitive

knowledge, belief and healing. This

basic principle is to make the citizens

understand that they are empowered and

the process is started from them.

b. The second step is capacitating or often

called “Capacity Building” or in the

simple word “enabling”. In receiving

power, the people must have

competence for the first. Capacity

building has three parts. They are

human, organization, and value system.

The capacitating is to give sufficient

capacity to the human individually or in

group. The capacity building could be

formed in apprentice, training,

workshop, seminar, education

upgrading, etc. The basic is to give

capacity to an individual or group of

human to take the power given. The

organization capacitating is done in the

form of reconstructing the organization

which would receive the power or

capacity. The organization

reconstruction is done by restructure the

organization; formulate the

vision/mission/objective and the target

of organization. The third is the

capacitating on the organization value

system. The system value is the rule of

the game. In the organization, the

system value is dealing with article of

association, fund estimation, system and

procedure, and rule. In the higher level,

the system value consists of

organization culture, etiquette and good

governance.

c. The third is empowerment. This stage

gives the people power, authority and

chance. The give is based on the

competence people have. This power is

given in the forms of human resource,

capital, marketing, technology, etc. In

other side, power or authority is the

active involvement of the people in

planning, implementation, and the

evaluation of the progress.

Explains about 5 arguments why the

people empowerment is applied in the

development process (Wrihatnolo &

Dwijowijoto, 2014), they are:

a. The first is the development democracy.

The concept of empowerment which is

trusted in answer the challenge by active

involvement of the people. The

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Mochamad Muchson. The implementation of prodamas to increase the people’ prosperity.

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Vol.7; Issue: 11; November 2020

involvements are including planning,

implementation, supervising and

evaluating. One of the democracy

approaches is by giving big portion of

chance for the people in grass-root to

involve in allocation of development

resource. This is the essence of people

driven development. This process is

believed as the medium for people to

recognize what they needs and to

continue the effort of needs fulfilment.

The implementation of this

empowerment model will give effect to

the well managed constitutional.

b. Second, strengthened of the local people

organization. The empowerment concept

is believed as the answer for maximize

the role of the local organization in the

development process. The local people

organization (independent local

organization) plays the central role

because they understand about the grass

root people characters. In the

management modern empowerment

mechanism, the people’ role must be

organized multi direction, vertically and

horizontally. The role of organization in

partnering people is various from

initiator, catalyst to facilitator.

c. Third, the strengthened on social value.

The concept of empowering is believed

could strengthen the social bond among

people. The strengthening on social

value has the meaning of constructing

the universal of social value; they are

honesty, togetherness and care. The

strengthening of social value is a basic

motivation on every activity which

could be the empowerment spirit. The

process itself is hoped to create

independent culture, harmony

relationship among people and between

people and government.

d. Fourth, the strengthening on the local

administration capacity. The concept of

empowerment could increase the

function of public service, especially the

service of local government to the

people. This concept pushes the local

government to give greater attention to

people in getting their life needs both

physic and non-physic easily.

e. Fifth, accelerating poverty overcoming.

The concept of empowerment in its best

shape is believed could accelerate

poverty overcoming because the

approach of this empowerment is to

increase the poor people prosperity. Due

to the program must be side to side with

the people and protect the people, the

organization is demanded to allocate the

development source to poor people. The

local character must be the base of

getting much attention to the poor by

giving them chance and articulate their

aspiration well. The protection is given

by supporting their positive aspects.

They must be protected and guided to

achieve or access the source of

economy. That’s why the guidance is

very important to achieve this objective.

Prodamas put the people on the

centre of attention and the main

implementer of development (people

centred development). People are no longer

the objects of development but they are the

subjects of development so that the people

participation is considered as the determiner

of the development success.

Prodamas has been required the

empowerment principle as explained by

(Mardikanto, 2012) explains the principles

of people empowerment as follows:

a. Voluntary, someone’s involvement in

empowerment program shouldn’t be a

compulsive involvement. The

involvement must come from their own

conscious and the motivation to fix and

solve the life problems they face. This

voluntary reflects from the freedom to

discuss and decide the empowerment

programs dealing with the empowering

in their neighbourhood.

b. Autonomous, it is a capability to be

independent or the effort to be

independent of each individual, group,

or organization. Autonomous reflects

from the independent of the people in

the neighbour to discuss and decide the

programs of people empowerment.

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International Journal of Research and Review (ijrrjournal.com) 262

Vol.7; Issue: 11; November 2020

c. Self-supporting, it is a ability of

formulate and implement the program

with responsibility without waiting or

expecting other organizations. The self-

supporting reflects from the people in

the neighbourhood in planning and

implementing the programs.

d. Participative, it is the involvement of all

the stakeholders from the decision

making, planning, implementing,

monitoring, evaluating and utilizing the

result of the activities. Participative

reflects from the involvement of all the

people in planning, implementing,

monitoring, evaluating and utilizing the

empowerment programs.

e. Egalitarianism, it is to place all the

stakeholders in the equal position, no

one is higher than others and no one is

lower. Egalitarianism reflects from the

chief of neighbourhood, Prodamas guide

and from the urban village official are in

the same position in planning, and

decision making in people

empowerment program.

f. Democracy, it is to give all the people

right to express their opinions and

respect each other on the difference

among stakeholders. Democracy reflects

from the equal right given to all the

people in neighbourhood means all the

people could propose their opinion for

the empowerment program.

g. Openness, it is the program’s

characteristic which stands by honesty,

trust each other and care. Openness

reflects from the arrangement of the

planning is open for everyone in

neighbourhood.

h. Togetherness, it is about share the

problem, help each other and develop

the synergy. Togetherness reflects on the

arrangement of the empowerment

program which is done together in

neighbourhood.

i. Accountable to the public interest, the

accounting is clear in responsibility and

supervised by anyone. Accountable to

the public interest reflects to the

planning and implementing which

involved all the people in the

neighbourhood so that the result can be

accountable.

j. Decentralization, it is about to give

authority to autonomy area (city or

municipal) to optimize the resource as

much as the people prosperity and

continuum. Decentralization reflects

from the process of development which

involves the neighbourhood in the

development process in empowerment

program.

Explains the objectives of

empowerment program as efforts of

correction as follows (Mardikanto, 2012):

a. Better education means the

empowerment programs must be set as

the better education. The correction in

education trough empowerment are not

only material correction, methods

correction, correction on place and time,

the relationship between facilitator and

the subjects of the program but also the

correction in education and grow the

lifetime learning spirit.

b. Better accessibility. By growing the

lifetime learning spirit, the accessibility

to get the source of

information/innovation, fund source, the

product and equipments supplier,

marketing organization, etc. Prodamas

has given people in urban village access

to development sources of

infrastructure, economy, social,

education, health or youth.

c. Better action. With the correction in

education and accessibility with the

better source, it’s hoped the activities

become better. Prodamas has educated

people to fix their way of life trough

planning, implementing, evaluating and

taking the benefits of the empowerment

programs.

d. Better institution. By fixing the action or

activity, the organization is fixed in all

aspects including the business

networking. Prodamas has empowered

the organization of neighbourhood and

the urban village organization with less

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Mochamad Muchson. The implementation of prodamas to increase the people’ prosperity.

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Vol.7; Issue: 11; November 2020

contribution on the life quality

improvement efforts.

e. Better business. The reparation on

accessibility, activities, and organization

fixing are hoped could fix the business

on progress. Prodamas trough the

economic empowerment has arranged

the programs like sewing class, cooking

class, engineering class, catfish seeding

and growing. The previous programs are

hoped could become business.

f. By fixing teh business, it is hoped that

the income will be better including

families’ income and people’s income.

Prodamas trough economy

empowerment program hasn’t increased

people’s income because the classes are

not followed up by entrepreneurship.

g. Better environment. Better income

hoped could fix environment (physics

and social) because the environment

damage often caused by poverty and

limited income. Prodamas trough the

infrastructure program could fix the

environment of the neighbourhood like

garden building, water drainage, water

absorption, security post, gateway, etc.

h. Better living. The better level of gross

domestic product and environment

situation are hoped could fix the

condition of each family and people

trough Prodamas Program.

i. Better Community. Better living with

the better support of environment is

hoped to lead better people living.

Prodamas trough it’s empowerment

program such as infrastructure,

economy, social culture, health,

education and youth has made better

living for people.

MATERIALS & METHODS

The focus of this research is to

answer whether Prodamas has been

conducted well as the guidance and could

increase the prosperity and empower Kediri

people or not.

Approaches and research methods:

1) The Research Approach. The approach of

the research is qualitative because the data

collected and analyzed tend to be

qualitative. 2) Research Method. The

research method used is descriptive

research. The objective of this descriptive

research is to describe/solve the problems

systematically, factual and accurate based

on the facts, population characters or

particular area.

Population and sample. Social

situation which is the object of this research

is Prodamas conducted in neighborhoods of

Kediri city. It is to find whether the program

is conducted well under the guidance and

has it been increased the prosperity and

empowered people? The population of this

research is all the people in Kediri city

while the samples are 50 families.

The sampling technique is

probability sampling technique; It is a

sampling technique which gives equal

chance for every part of the population to be

selected as the sample. In other side, the

technique is simple random sampling by

spreading questionnaire to everyone met as

long as she/he stays in Kediri city.

The Research Instruments. In a

qualitative research where the problem is

not clear and exact, the researcher plays the

role as instrument itself. But, the instrument

like observation and questionnaire are

developed after the problem is

comprehended. After all the comprehension

process, the instrument used is interview.

Data Collection Technique. The

technique or data collecting method used in

this research is unstructured interview. The

unstructured interview is a free interview

which the researcher doesn’t use any

prepared, systematic and complete guidance

to collect the data (Rianse, Usman, 2012).

The interview guidance is the points of

problems to ask.

The Data Analysis Technique. The

data analysis technique used is qualitative

data analysis Spradley model (1980)

(Sugiyono, 2017) as the followings: 1)

Domain Analysis. It is used to get the clear

general and complete picture about research

objects and social situation. Various domain

and category are found. They are found by

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Mochamad Muchson. The implementation of prodamas to increase the people’ prosperity.

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Vol.7; Issue: 11; November 2020

the utilization of grand and minitour

questions. 2) Taxonomic Analysis. The

selected domains are discussed so that the

time needed for research is extended. 3)

Componential Analysis. This is the way to

find specific character of every internal

structure by contrasting every element. This

is done by conducting observation and

selected interview with contrasting

questions. 4) Discovering Cultural Theme,

This step is to find the connection among

the domain and how the they connected

each other and stated into research theme.

RESULT

1. The empowerment programs of

infrastructure are: 1) Mosques

renovation; b) Drainage; c) gateway

building; d) small alley paving; e)

security post (pos kampling); f) street

lights; g) storage building; h) light pole;

i) Integrated Health Post (Posyandu)

renovation; j) the building of park along

the river bank; k) absorption well; l)

bath, wash and closet (MCK) facility

supplying; m) Integrated Health Post

(Posyandu) garden; n) small bridge

renovation.

2. Empowerment programs of people

economy upgrading are: 1) sewing

machine supplying for training; b)

business group; c) save and loan

cooperative; d) Air compressor supply;

e) Cooking class (cake and other foods);

f) superiority product (cassava chips

production) g) Accessories making

(handicraft); h) Brownies making

training, i) Supplying and growing

catfish seeds; j) Coffee and coconut

grinding machine supplying; k) tomato,

spinach and others vegetables planting;

l) village business party Strengthening;

m) Carpenter tolls; n) Workshop tools;

m) o) Cooking utensils; p) Goat

supplying.

3. Empowerment programs of social value

are: a) Flag poles supplying, b) Garbage

can and cart supplying, c) Sound system,

d) Carpet, e) Bracket seat; f) Basic

foods; g) Party tent; h) Television for

security post; i) CCTV; j) Tent; k)

Flower pots supplying; l) Social activity

for the senior citizens; m) Funeral

equipment; n) Orphan sympathetic care;

o) Rebana music instruments

purchasing; p) utensils (plate, spoon,

and kitchen equipments), mat; q) Buffet

equipment; r) Voluntary work

equipments; s) Children under five

sympathetic care; t) Gas stove

supplying; u) improper house renovation

and v) Wall magazine of neighborhood.

The extended empowerment

program which is legalized into Prodamas

Plus covers the followings;

1. Empowerment program concerned to the

health development program is medicine

herbs seeds supply.

2. Empowerment programs concerned to

the education development are school

equipments and English course as

education upgrading.

3. An empowerment program concern to

youth development is table tennis

supply.

Suggestions from the people are:

1. Prodamas should be conducted

transparently and accountably especially

fund management.

2. The program planning should involve

people.

3. Upgrading on (PPTK) Service and

Goods Purchasing.

4. Continue Prodamas programs.

5. Supervisor must be increased.

6. The economy must be put as the main

concern,

7. Continue the programs because people

are happy with the programs.

8. The fund must be allocated on the right

target as possible.

9. Fit and Proper must be conducted before

implementation.

10. The program must be conducted

professionally.

11. The on time realization for the maximal

result.

12. Maintain the result of Prodamas.

13. Social program on art.

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Mochamad Muchson. The implementation of prodamas to increase the people’ prosperity.

International Journal of Research and Review (ijrrjournal.com) 265

Vol.7; Issue: 11; November 2020

14. Competence training should be added

more in quantity and frequency.

15. Put the informal education as the main

concern.

16. Religion education for children,

teenagers and adult.

17. Counseling on drug, venereal and

infective disease.

18. The Open Green Space (RTH) in the

village and Medicine and Nutrition herb

for family (Toziga) realization.

19. The relationship of PPTK and The Chief

of neighborhood must be increased.

20. Prodamas guide credential should be

based on the activity.

DISCUSSION

Prodamas have been done very well

by people in neighborhood means all the

empowerment programs is conducted as the

infrastructure programs manual, economy

and social culture and even spread to health,

education and youth program known as

Prodamas Plus. Based on the input-process-

output theory, Prodamas has been required

all these criteria. Input represents by the

fund processed to become product garden or

garden as the output, the security post

renovation processed to become better

security post, water drainage processed to

become better water drainage, water

absorption processed to absorb rain water

more better so that the puddle gone from the

neighborhoods. So that the economy

programs like cooking class, sewing class,

engineering class, catfish seeding as the

product or the output are the rise of people’s

competence and the availability of tools. It

happens also to social culture program like

tent purchase, seat, generator set, under five

baby sympathetic care, and senior citizens

sympathetic care. The baby under five and

senior citizens who have gotten service are

the output. The other programs are

education program like school equipment

supply, health program like herbal medicine

planting, and youth program like the supply

of sport equipments have been conducted

well.

The main problem of Prodamas

seeing with the input-porcess-output-

outcome is in the follow up and the effect of

the empowerment program especially in

economy program. People who have joined

the cooking class, sewing class, engineering

class, catfish seeding and growing, sheep

cultivation, Have these training risen the

family economy which means the gross

domestic product rises? The main point of

the empowerment program is to make the

people independent in economy as the

major’s guidance.

a. Move and motivate people to actively

participate in the development programs

in their areas.

b. Facility people in articulating their

needs and helps to identify their

problems.

c. Increase development facilities of

infrastructure development in

neighborhood environment.

d. Increase people’s economy prosperity.

e. Increase people’s prosperity trough

social activities.

f. Increase the people’s role and pushes

people’s empowerment in development.

Kediri city government must have

clear parameter for the Prodamas

Achievement. The achievement

measurement is not only the fund allocation,

planning, and the implementation of the

program but also the measurement of the

program on its outcomes. The follow up and

the effect of the programs especially the

economic program, have the these

entrepreneurship programs followed by

opening business so that the programs could

increase the economy of individual or

people and achieved the prosperity? The

measurement of outcome consists of

infrastructure, economy, social culture,

health, education and youth have their own

parameter. The measurement of the

infrastructure is on its benefit and

contributions on the continuity and the look

of the environment. The measurement of the

social culture is on the increase of the

people social prosperity. The measurement

of health is on the people health increase.

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Mochamad Muchson. The implementation of prodamas to increase the people’ prosperity.

International Journal of Research and Review (ijrrjournal.com) 266

Vol.7; Issue: 11; November 2020

The measurements of education are on the

drop out decrease numbers, the increase of

active participations and the increase of

education level. The youth measurement is

the increase of youth achievement on sport,

art and technology.

CONCLUSION

Prodamas have been done very well

by people in neighborhood by the

arrangement of documents which cover the

programs of the infrastructure, economy and

social culture and even spread to health,

education and youth program known as

Prodamas Plus. Based on the input-process-

output theory, Prodamas has been required

all these criteria. Prodamas has fulfilled all

the empowerment programs except better

income because the training class hasn’t

continued to become business. The clear

measurement must be arranged to see the

success level of prodamas, the measurement

is not only on the input-process-output but

also the outcome. They are the continuity

and the effect on the empowerment to

people.

REFERENCES

1. Mardikanto, T. (2012). Konsep-Konsep

Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Balai Pustaka.

2. Muslim, A. (2015). Pendekatan Partisipatif

dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. UIN

Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta.

3. Rianse, Usman, A. (2012). Metodologi

Penelitian Sosial Ekonomi, Teori dan

Aplikasi. Alfabeta.

4. Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian

Pendidikan (Pendekatan Kuantitatif,

Kualitatif, dan R&D). Alfabeta.

5. Program Pemberdayaan Masyarakat di Kota

Kediri, Pub. L. No. 40 (2014).

6. Wrihatnolo, R. R., & Dwijowijoto, R. N.

(2014). Manajemen Pemberdayaan: Sebuah

Pengantar dan Panduan Untuk

Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. PT Elex Media

Komputindo: Kelompok Gramedia.

How to cite this article: Muchson M. The

implementation of prodamas to increase the

people’ prosperity. International Journal of

Research and Review. 2020; 7(11): 258-266.

******


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