about 1200 women are delivered in the hospital andabout 1500 in the district. There is accommodationfor intern pupils, who enjoy exceptional advantagesof acquiring a thorough knowledge of this branch oftheir profession. Women students can reside in thehospital. The students’ residence has been redecoratedthroughout. Certificates of attendances at this hos-pital are accepted by all licensing bodies. Studentscan attend at any time. An annexe containing alabour ward and 26 beds has been erected and will beopened shortly.National Maternity Hospital
This new hospital at Holles-street, Dublin, is now infull working order. It has 80 beds and comprisesintern and extern maternity, gynaecological wards,and a dispensary for the treatment of diseases ofwomen, an infant clinic, and an antenatal andpostnatal branch. The antenatal and postnatalinstruction is given three times a week. Everyfacility is given for the carrying out of practicalwork, and modern equipment provides full facilityfor the treatment of both maternity and gynaeco-logical patients. Undergraduate and post-graduatecourses are arranged at any time and clinical instruc-tion is given daily and oral lectures four times a week.Certificates of attendance at this hospital are
recognised by all the licensing bodies. The L.M.Diploma is given by special examination, which isheld four times a year. Total number of admissionslast year 3127. The building of a final section ofthe hospital, containing 64 additional beds and anew out-patient department, has now begun.
QUEEN’S UNIVERSITY OF BELFAST
There are six degrees in the Faculty of Medicine ofthe University-viz., Bachelor of Medicine (M.B.),Bachelor of Surgery (B.Ch.), Bachelor of Obstetrics(B.A.O.), Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), Master ofSurgery (M.Ch.), and Master of Obstetrics (M.A.O.).The University also grants a Diploma in PublicHealth’ and a Diploma in Psychological Medicine,particulars of which will be found in the UniversityCalendar. The degrees of M.B., B.Ch., and B.A.O.are the primary degrees in the Faculty of Medicine,and are conferred at the same time and after thesame course of study. No student is admitted tothe final examination for these degrees until he hasshown : (1) that he is a matriculated student of theUniversity ; (2) that he has completed the prescribedcourse of study in the Faculty of Medicine extendingover a period of not less than five academic yearsfrom the date of his registration as a student ofMedicine ; (3) that he has passed the several examina-tions prescribed ; (4) that he has attended in theUniversity during three academic years at least thecourses of study prescribed for such degrees (theSenate may accept, for not more than two academicyears of the required five, courses of study pursuedin any other University or School of Medicine approvedby the Senate) ; and (5) that he has attained theage of 21 years. Every candidate for admissionshall matriculate or fulfil such other test of fitnessas may be prescribed by the Senate, or may beexempted from the matriculation examination byhaving passed similar examinations elsewhere.For information as to Scholarships and Prizes,
inquiry should be made of the Secretary of theUniversity.Primary Degrees of M.B., B.Ch., B.A.O.-All candi-
dates for these degrees must satisfy the examiners inthe subjects of four examinations.
The First Medical Examination.-The subjects ofthis examination are Chemistry (Inorganic andOrganic), Experimental Physics, Botany, and Zoology.The examination will be divided into two parts whichmay be taken separately : 1., Chemistry and Physics ;II., Botany and Zoology.
The Second Medical Examination.-The subjectsare Anatomy and Practical Anatomy, Physiology and
Practical Physiology. Candidates who have pre-viously passed the First Medical Examination maypresent themselves for this examination at the closeof their second year.
The Third Medical Examination.-The subjectsare : (1) Pathology and Practical Pathology ; (2)Materia Medica, Pharmacology, and Therapeutics;(3) Medical Jurisprudence ; (4) Hygiene. Candidateswho have previously passed the Second MedicalExamination may present themselves for Part I.of this examination at the close of the third year, andfor Part II. at the end of the Winter Session of thefourth year. Attendance on a course in any subjectof the Third Medical Examination shall not entitlea student to a certificate of attendance unless hehas previously passed in all the subjects of the SecondMedical Examination.
The Fourth Medical Examination.-The subjectsare : (1) Medicine ; (2) Surgery ; (3) Midwifery andGynaecology ; (4) Ophthalmology and Otology. Can-didates who have previously passed the ThirdExamination may present themselves for the FourthExamination at the close of the fifth year, providedthat they have fulfilled the necessary requirementsas to attendance, &c., on the courses of instructionin the subjects of examination and on the clinicalcourses in the hospitals. Attendance on a course
in any subject of the Fourth Medical Examinationshall not entitle a student to a certificate of attendanceunless he has passed in the subjects of Part I. of theThird Medical Examination.
Degrees of M.D., M.Ch., and M.A.O.-Thesedegrees are not conferred until the expiration of atleast three academic years, or in the case of graduatesof the University in Arts or Science of at least twoacademic years, after admission to the primarydegrees in the Faculty of Medicine. Every candi-date must show that in the interval he has pursuedsuch courses of study, or been engaged in such prac-tical work as may be prescribed. These degrees maybe conferred by the Senate either (a) after an examina-tion, which includes written, oral, clinical, and prac-tical examinations ; or (b) on the submission of athesis or other evidence of original study or research,to be approved by the Faculty of Medicine after anoral or other examination of the candidate on thesubject.
The Medical School.-The Donald Currie ChemicalBuildings contain a lecture theatre, a preparationroom, a chemical museum, a large class-room forelementary practical chemistry, laboratories forqualitative and quantitative analysis, rooms for waterand gas analysis, dark room for photographic pur-poses and balance room, provided with all modernappliances. The Anatomical Department contains alarge and well-lighted dissecting-room, a lecture-room,a professor’s and demonstrator’s room, a bone-room,and a laboratory for microscopic and photographicwork. The Medical Museum is in the same building.The .Taffé Laboratories for Physiology comprise alecture theatre, laboratories for practical work inchemical physiology, histology, and experimentalphysiology, and in addition small private researchrooms, including balance, galvanometer, and centri-fuge rooms. The J. C. White laboratories are fullyequipped for research in biochemistry. The Instituteof Pathology, which is adjacent to the Royal Victoria,Royal Maternity, and Children’s Hospital, providesfully equipped accommodation for Pathology andBacteriology, including class-rooms, demonstrationroom, lecture theatre, library museum, and researchlaboratories. There is an ample supply of materialfor investigation by graduates in morbid histology,clinical pathology, and the bacteriology of infectiousdiseases. A course in pathology or bacteriology isgiven to graduates, and members of this class have anopportunity of seeing the methods employed in thevarious investigations carried out in the departmentfor the Public Health Committee of the Corporationin connexion with water-supply, sewage disposal,meat- and milk-supply, and the diagnosis of cases of
infectious diseases. The certificate issued to-membersof the class in bacteriology qualifies for the D.P.H.degree. The Pharmaceutical Laboratory is fitted andequipped for the work of practically instructingstudents in the compounding and dispensing ofmedicines.
Clinical Instruction.-The following institutions arerecognised by the University as affording properopportunities for clinical instruction : the RoyalVictoria Hospital, the Mater Infirmorum Hospital,the Belfast Hospital for Sick Children, the RoyalMaternity Infirmary and Hospital, the Ulster Hospitalfor Women and Children (56 beds), the Benn UlsterEye; Ear, and Throat Hospital (30 beds), the BelfastOphthalmic Hospital (30 beds), the City FeverHospital, Purdysburn (360 beds), the Union FeverHospital (200 beds), and the Belfast District LunaticAsylum, where the Purdysburn Villa Colony has1350 beds.Further information can be obtained from the
Royal Victoria Hospital, BelfastThere are 436 beds. Students eligible for McGrath,
McQuitty, Malcolm, Coutler Smyth, and ElwoodScholarships aggregate annual value .8185. Twelvehouse surgeons and house physicians. Thirty-sixresident pupilships, three months each, annuallyfor senior students, of which a proportion is allotted towomen students, special departments for radiology,clinical pathology, V.D., dermatology, gynaecology,maternity, vaccine therapy, electrocardiography,dentistry, radium therapy. Post-graduate lecturesand demonstrations are given on Wednesdays through-out the year with the exception of holiday seasons.
Mater Infirmorum Hospital, BelfastThis hospital contains 270 beds and is open at all
hours for the reception of accidents and urgent cases.Clinical instruction is given daily by Physicians andSurgeons. Surgical operations are performed daily.The out-patient departments in medicine and surgery,also the special dispensaries for gynaecology, ear, eye,and throat, electrotherapeutics, venereal diseases,varicose veins, and haemorrhoids are very largelyattended and afford valuable opportunities to studentsfor the study of those subjects. There is a well-equipped electro-medical and massage department.A new extern has been erected beside the hospital onground given by the Government of Northern Ireland.This will relieve the congestion of the old externwhich at present is in the course of being convertedinto a new radiological unit and in part as accommoda-tion for resident students, the increase of X raywork indicating that the present department wasinsufficient. Separate rooms will now be availablefor screening and radiography, waiting and dressingcubicles for the patients, and a secretarial office andthe usual offices of the modern unit. A file of teachingfilms is being constantly added to. A fine andextensive nurses’ home has also been built in thevicinity of the hospital. There is also a dentaldispensary. A house physician and two housesurgeons are elected every six months. Residentpupils are admitted as the vacancies arise. ThreeExhibitions and a Gold Medal are competed forannually in June. Certificates of attendance uponthis hospital are recognised by all the Universitiesand licensing bodies in the United Kingdom.
Belfast Hospital for Sick ChildrenAt the hospital on Falls Road there are 86 beds,
and clinical instruction is given. During the winterand summer sessions courses of lectures are deliveredon the medical and surgical diseases incidental toinfancy and childhood. Demonstrations in ophthal-mology and pathology are given, and ampleopportunities are afforded in the wards and in theout-patient department for gaining a practical andtheoretical knowledge of the diseases of infancy andchildhood. A department for conservative dentistry
for small children has recently been equipped and isnow in use. This hospital grants Certificates inDiseases of Children, which are recognised by thevarious examining bodies. Certificates are alsogranted for post-graduate study. A Gold Medal isoffered for competition at the close of the session.A Davis Scholarship is awarded every two years forthe best thesis on some branch of children’sdiseases.
Belfast Infirmary and HospitalThere are 1900 beds. Clinical courses are given
quarterly, and a course for D.P.H. in hospital.An intern venereal clinic in infirmary is under theCorporation scheme. The maternity wards are
recognised for practical midwifery training. Thecertificates of the vaccination class are recognised bythe Ministry of Home Affairs for Northern Ireland.There is a department for cancer with 32 beds,also X ray, bacteriological, dental, and massagedepartments.
Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast _
This building is in the grounds of the Royal VictoriaHospital. There are 100 beds and an antenataldepartment catering for a large district. There isalso an infant clinic and a separate isolation blockfor the treatment of puerperal sepsis. The universityobstetric tutor resides in the hospital and acts assenior resident medical officer. There are threehouse surgeons in addition, and resident accommoda-tion for 15 students or post-graduates.
IRISH MEDICAL CORPORATIONS
CONJOINT EXAMINING BOARD
The Conjoint Board of the Royal College ofPhysicians of Ireland and Royal College of Surgeonsin Ireland requires of candidates the passage eitherof its own preliminary examination in the subjectsof general education or proof that the candidatehas passed one of the tests accepted by the GeneralMedical Council as well as passing in the Pre-Registra-tion Examinations in Chemistry and Physics andBiology.
Professional Examinations.-There are three pro-fessional examinations, the first of which cannot becompleted earlier than the end of the second wintersession, nor the final before the conclusion of full fiveyears of medical study. Before being admitted toany of them the candidate must show that he hasstudied the different subjects in practice and theoryfor the requisite periods, certificates to this effectbeing accepted from the authorities of most of therecognised medical schools at home and abroad.The first examination consists of Part I. (a) Biology,(b) Applied Chemistry and Physics ; Part II., Anatomyand Physiology. The second examination dealswith (a) Pathology, (b) Materia Medica, Pharmacy,and Therapeutics, (c) Forensic Medicine, Hygiene, andPublic Health, (d) Ophthalmology, and may be takenseparately.
Final Examination.-This is divided into threedivisions, which cannot be completed until at leastfive years have passed in medical studies other thanthose for the Pre-Registration Examinations, andfive years at least since the beginning of the curri-culum. The divisions are (a) Medicine, includingFevers, Mental Diseases, and Diseases of Children ;
(b) Surgery, including Operative Surgery ; (c) Mid-wifery, including Diseases of Women and Children,and the Practice of Vaccination.Diploma in Psychological Medicine.-There are two
examinations in connexion with this Diploma :Part I. consists of (a) Anatomy and Physiology of theNervous System; (b) Psychology. Part II. : (a)