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Page 1: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

SolidWorks® Tutorial 10

DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORT

Page 2: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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Axle Support, the Technical DrawingIn this tutorial we will make some technical drawings of the 3D model of the axle support that we createdin Tutorial 9. This tutorial is designed to continue with the files you made in Tutorial 9. If you did notfinish the previous tutorial or lost the files, ask your teacher about them.

Creating a 2D drawing is not very difficult. We will show you a number of examples of single part and as-sembly drawings. Also, we will show you how to make an exploded view.

Work plan The first part is the inner tube of the axle support. We will put three viewson the drawing sheet and an isometric view.

Page 3: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3

1 Start SolidWorks and openthe part pipe.SLDPRT. Youcreated this file during thelast tutorial.

2 Click on New in the Stan-dard Toolbar to open anew file.

3 Click on ‘Advanced’ in thepop-up menu.

Page 4: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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4 Select the file ‘sw-tutorial’to be your template andclick on OK.

If this file does not exist,ask your teacher for it. Inthis file we have made anumber of standard set-tings, so you can startbuilding a proper technicaldrawing.

If you are working athome, you can simplydownload the file sw-tutorial.DRWDOT and put itin the folder: C:\ProgramFiles\SolidWorks\data\templates.

5 The menu shown on theright might appear.

If the menu appears, clickon OK. We will get back tothis later.

6 An empty drawing sheetwill appear. If the com-mand ‘Model View’ doesnot start automatically,click on ‘Model View’ in theCommandManager.

Page 5: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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7 Set the first view now:

1. Click on the part‘Pipe’.

2. Click on Next.

8 Make sure the settings inthe PropertyManagermatch the ones on theright.

1. Select Front for thefirst view.

2. Put it somewhere onthe sheet.

9 After you have positionedthe first view, the ‘Pro-jected View’ command willstart automatically.

Move your cursor aroundthe front view that you putin first. Click three times toset the three views asshown.

Click on OK.

If the ‘Projected View’command does not auto-start, click on ‘Drawings’ inthe CommandManager andafter that on ‘ProjectedView’.

Tip! There is another method for placing views in a drawing. You can use theTask Pane command. You have done this before in Tutorial 6 (Step 41). Asalways in SolidWorks: use the method that you prefer!

Page 6: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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10 To change the main set-tings of the drawing, right-click at a random point onthe drawing sheet (not ona view). Then, select‘Properties…’.

11 Make sure to check the fol-lowing settings:

1. ‘Name’ the drawing:‘Pipe’.

2. Select a ‘Scale’ of ‘1:2’.

3. Paper size is ‘a3-swtutorial’. When thisfile is not available, askyour teacher for it.

4. Select ‘Third Angle’ (orAmerican Projection,mostly used in theNetherlands) or ‘FirstAngle’ (European Pro-jection, mostly used inBelgium) at ‘Type ofprojection’.

5. Click on OK.

Page 7: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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12 The views intersect now.To change their positions,drag (click and hold yourmouse button and moveyour mouse) the dottedframe that is visible aroundthe view by moving yourcursor over it.

13 Position the views asshown on the right.

14 Click on ‘Annotate’ in theCommandManager, andthen on ‘Model Items’.

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15 Set the following featuresin the PropertyManager:

1. Select the option ‘En-tire model’ at‘Source/Destination’.

2. Check the option ‘Im-port items into allviews’.

3. Select the first option:Marked for drawingunder ‘Dimensions’.

4. Check the option ‘Elim-inate duplicates’.

5. Click on OK.

16 The dimensions will nowbe displayed in the draw-ing.

Tip! While modeling a part you will set a number of dimensions. You do this insketches and in features. What we did just now, is nothing more or lessthan copying these dimensions onto the drawing. So SolidWorks did notcome up with something by itself.

When you do a sloppy job while modeling, it will show up in the dimensionson the drawing. Luckily, you can remove or change the dimensions manual-ly and you can also add them to the drawing. In the following few steps,we will show you how.

Page 9: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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17 We will show the invisiblelines (dotted lines) in thedrawing now.

1. Click on the side view.

2. Select the second op-tion Hidden lines visi-ble under ‘DisplayStyle’ in the Property-Manager.

3. Click on OK.

18 Do the same for the frontview.

19 Next, we want to put anumber of dimensions inone of the other views. Forexample: the dimensionbetween the holes in thetube (35mm) is now in theright-side view but wewould rather show it in thefront view.

1. Drag the size from theright-side view holdingthe <Shift> key.

2. Release the sizesomewhere in the frontview.

3. Then, release the<Shift> key on yourkeyboard.

Page 10: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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20 Next, drag the size to theright position.

Make sure the size isaligned with the size ‘52’which is above it. Whiledragging you can see (yel-low) auxiliary lines that in-dicate if the sizes are ac-tually aligned.

21 To shift the arrows on bothsides of the auxiliary lines,do the following:

1. First, select the size byclicking on it.

2. Click on the round dotyou see besides the ar-row.

The arrows will now moveto the inside of the line.

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22 Move a few more dimen-sions like you did in Step19:

The tube diameter (Ø6)and the thickness of thematerial (3) are moved tothe top view.

The drawing must look likethe illustration on the right.

23 The size Ø5 can be re-moved.

1. Click on the size.

2. Push the <Del> deletekey on the keyboard.

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24 We want to change thesize Ø6 to M6, because it isa screw thread.

1. Select the size in thedrawing.

2. Replace the text‘<MOD-DIAM>’ withthe capital ‘M’ under‘Dimension Text’ in thePropertyManager. Thefield text will read:‘M<DIM>’.

3. Click on OK.

25 Finally, we add a centerlineto the right-side view.

1. Select the tube with aclick.

2. Click on ‘Centerline’.

Try to click on anotherview as well and push the<Esc>key to end the Cen-terline command.

Page 13: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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26 The drawing is now fi-nished. You have to fill inyour name in the right bot-tom corner, in the titleblock.

1. Right-click at a randomposition on the sheet(not on a view or a di-mension).

2. Click on ‘Edit SheetFormat’ in the menu.

The drawing will disappeartemporarily.

27 Zoom in on the right bot-tom corner.

Double-click on the textfield ‘Name’ and fill in yourown name.

Do the same with class.

The other text fields – suchas Date, Description andFile – will be filled in auto-matically by SolidWorks.

28 Right-click somewhere onthe page and select ‘EditSheet’ again.

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29 Save the file as:Axle_stand.SLDDRW.

30 Print the drawing.

You can find the most im-portant settings for theprinter commands in Tu-torial 6.

Ask your teacher for theright settings for the prin-ter.

Work plan Next we will make a drawing of the support block. In this drawing we willlearn how to work with cross-cuts. You will also see how to change dimen-sions in a drawing.

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31 Add a new sheet to the filefirst:

1. Right-click on the tabat the bottom of thescreen.

2. Select ‘Add Sheet’ inthe pop-up menu.

You have two tab sheetsnow; you can toggle be-tween the drawings if youwant to.

32 Right-click somewhere onthe new drawing sheet andselect ‘Properties…’.

Name the sheet: ‘Support’.

Make sure the settingsmatch those of the firstsheet (Step 10).

33 Click on ‘View Layout’ inthe CommandManager,and then on ‘Model View’.

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34 When the part ‘Support’ isopened, select it in the listin the PropertyManager. Ifnot, click on ‘Browse…’ andfind the file on your harddisk or on your memorystick.

35 Click on the sheet to placethe front view.

36 The command ‘ProjectedView’ will start automatical-ly now. Also set the topview and the isometricview of the support block.

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37 Let’s make a cross-cut!

1. Click on ‘Section View’in the CommandMa-nager.

Draw a cross-cut line. Becareful. Do this very accu-rately!

2. Set the cursor on topof the midpoint of theupper horizontal line,but do NOT click!

38 Move the cursor upward;you can see a blue dottedline.

Click above the view.

39 Move the cursor downwardnow and click underneaththe view.

40 Next, the cross-cut will ap-pear and you can place itbeside the view.

Tip! When you accidentally shift the cross-cut line, colored shading will appear

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in the cross-cut drawing. This indicates that the model has to be updated.

In such a case, click on the Rebuild button in the standard toolbar. The co-lored hatching will disappear.

41 To get a better view of thecountersink hole, we willopen a part of the frontview.

Click on ‘Sketch’ and afterthat on Circle in the Com-mandManager.

Set the circle just aboutthe same as in the illustra-tion on the right.

42 1. Make sure the circle isselected (it turnsgreen).

2. Click on ‘View Layout’in the CommandMa-nager.

3. Click on ‘Broken-outSection’.

Page 19: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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43 1. Check the option ‘Pre-view’ in the Property-Manager.

2. Click on the edge ofthe hole in the topview. The cross-cut willrun through here.

3. If the preview looksgood, click on OK.

44 To put a centerline in thehole use the followingsteps:

1. Select the first edgefrom the hole.

2. Hold the <Ctrl> keyand select the secondedge from the hole.

3. Click on the tab ‘Anno-tate’ in the Command-Manager.

4. Click on ‘Centerline’.

The centerline is a bit shortnow, but you can drag theend to extend it.

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45 Add the other centerlinestoo, so the drawing will endup looking like the illustra-tion on the right.

46 Set the dimensions in thedrawing now.

Click on ‘Annotate’ in theCommandManager andthen on ‘Model Items’.

Use the same setting as inthe last drawing (Step 14).Make sure that the optionHole Wizard Profiles is alsochecked.

Click on OK.

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47 Shift the dimensions wherenecessary so your drawinglooks orderly.

Select the three dimensionsas shown on the right.

Push the <Del> delete keyon the keyboard to removethem.

48 Next, set two new dimen-sions. Click on ‘Smart Di-mension’ in the Command-Manager and set the di-mensions of ‘60’ and ‘100’like in the illustration.

You have also used ‘SmartDimension’ in sketches soyou should be familiar withthis command.

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49 Replace the size R20 withR40 in the same way.

Follow the next few stepsto set a Ø symbol in frontof the actual size:

1. Select the dimension.

2. Set the cursor at ‘Di-mension Text’ in frontof the existing text‘<DIM>’ in the Proper-tyManager.

3. Click on the diameter-symbol. In the textfield it reads: ‘<MOD-DIAM><DIM>’.

4. Click on OK.

50 At some point you will seethe auxiliary lines from thedimensions runningthrough the view. You caneasily drag the endpoint ofthe lines to the outside ofthe view or cross-cut.

Tip! Notice that we have inserted dimensions in the drawing in two differentways:

1. By importing them from the 3D model.

2. By putting them in the drawing manually with the Smart Dimensioncommand.

There is an important difference between the two kinds of dimensions.When you double-click on an imported size, you will get a small menu inwhich you can change it. When you do so, the 3D model will also change!So be careful with this function. They are also called Driving Dimensions.

It is not possible to change a manually placed dimension. If you double-click on those, nothing happens. These are Driven Dimensions.

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51 Fill in the right bottom cor-ner of the drawing as youhave done before (in Steps26 to 28).

Click on Save to save thefile.

Work plan Finally, we will make the drawing of the assembly. For this we use one ofthe views and an exploded view. To put an exploded view in the drawing,we have to make it in the assembly first.

Page 24: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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52 Open the fileAxle_stand.SLDASM.

Click on ‘Exploded View’ inthe CommandManager.

53 Click on the pin.

At the pin three arrows ap-pear and you can now dragthis part in three differentdirections.

54 Drag the part using theblue arrow, so the pin willend up beside the assem-bly.

Click somewhere beside themodel to un-select the pin.

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55 Drag a frame around thetop of the support to selectall parts of it.

Drag from the right to theleft, so the tube will be se-lected as well!

56 Next, drag all selecteditems upward using thevertical arrow. Make surethe inner tube will extendabove the base tube.

Page 26: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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57 Drag the two little screwsjust below the supportblock one by one until theyare just outside of themodel.

You can easily rotate themodel during this opera-tion, but remember to putit back into the trimetricposition. This is the onlyway to you will get a clearidea about how the draw-ing will look like at the end.

58 Drag a new frame aroundthe top, but drag it fromleft to right this time. Thetube is not selected now.

Make sure the supportblock is completely in theselection frame, includingthe ‘invisible’ part that isinside the tube.

59 Drag the selected partsupward again.

Page 27: SolidWorks Tutorial 10 DRAWING OF THE AXLE SUPPORTeng.harran.edu.tr/~cadcam/Solid_Ders_10.pdf · Tutorial 10: Drawing of the Axle Support 3 1 Start SolidWorks and open the part pipe.SLDPRT.

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Tip! If the part is not directly in the right spot, you can always click on it asecond time and drag it to a new position. However, this will create a new‘Explode Step’ and make your model more complex.

It is much better to find the step you want to change in the PropertyMa-nager and then click on it. A blue arrow will appear on the part, and youcan change its position by dragging the blue arrow.

60 Rotate the model a little soyou can see two of thescrews in the bottom of thesupport block.

Select the two screws.

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61 In order to be able to shiftthe screws in the right di-rection (at the same angleas the screw holes) followthe next few steps:

1. Click on the field Ex-plode Direction in thePropertyManager.

2. Click on a plane fromthe screw.

The arrows now change di-rection, and you can shiftthe screws in the right di-rection.

62 Move the other two screwsin the same way.

Raise the insert.

The parts are all in theright position now.

Click on OK in the Proper-tyManager.

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63 To get a better idea abouthow the parts of the prod-uct fit together, the partsare often connected withlines.

Click on ‘Explode LineSketch’ in the Command-Manager to do so.

64 Select the two planes asshown on the right.

65 You can see that the linefrom the screw starts at thehead of the screw and itshould start at the otherend. Is this the same inyour drawing? Click on thegray arrow at the beginningof the line. The directionwill reverse now.

When the line is ok, clickon OK in the PropertyMa-nager.

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66 Make a similar line for oneof the screws in the sup-port block. Select the threeplanes as shown.

67 Draw all connection lines inthe exploded view in thesame way.

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68 The assembly has nowturned into an ExplodedView. But how do we re-turn to the normal assem-bly?

1. Go to the Configura-tionManager.

2. Right-click on‘ExplView1’.

3. Select ‘Collapse’.

To return to the explodedview again, select ‘Explode’in the same menu.

Try the option ‘Animate col-lapse/explode’. You will seethe parts moving awayfrom and toward each oth-er.

69 Make sure the assembly isexploded and save the file.

Return to the drawingagain that you were work-ing in.

Push the capital ‘R’ on thekeyboard.

Click onAxle_stand.SLDDRW.

70 Add a drawing sheet to thefile.

Click on Add Sheet.

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71 1. Click on ‘View Layout’in the CommandMa-nager.

2. Select ‘Model View’.

3. Select the file‘Axle_stand’.

4. Click on Next.

72 1. Make sure the option‘Trimetric’ is checked inthe PropertyManager.

2. Put the view on thedrawing sheet.

73 The exploded view may beenlarged a little.

1. Select the explodedview.

2. Change the ‘Scale’ to‘User Defined’ in thePropertyManager.

3. Set the ‘Scale’ to ‘1:4’.

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74 Next, we will put the frontview on the sheet.

1. Click once more on‘Model View’ in theCommandManager.

2. Select the file‘Axle_stand’.

3. Click on Next.

75 1. Select the Front view inthe PropertyManager.

2. Put the view on thedrawing sheet.

Automatically, the com-mand Projected View willstart up. Click on OK to endthis command.

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76 The front view is still ex-ploded, but this is notmeant to be. To changethis, right-click on the Viewand select ‘Properties…’.

77 Uncheck the option ‘Showin exploded state’ in themenu that appears.

Next, click on OK.

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78 Change the ‘Scale’ to ‘1:2’,as you have done in Step73.

79 We will set the part num-bers to the exploded view.

1. Select the explodedview.

2. Click on ‘Annotate’ inthe CommandManager.

3. Click on ‘AutoBalloon’.

The part numbers now ap-pear around the explodedview.

80 1. Click on the option ‘Left’in the PropertyManagerto set all part numbersat the left side of theexploded view.

2. You can drag the num-bers to put them on theright if you want to.

3. Click on OK.

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81 Finally, we will add a partslist.

1. Select the explodedview first.

2. Click on ‘Tables’ in theCommandManager.

3. Select ‘Bill of Materials’.

82 Click on OK in the Proper-tyManager.

83 Put the parts list on thedrawing sheet and click OKin the PropertyManager.

84 We must give our assemblydrawing a name now. It isstill called ‘Sheet2’ (oranother number).

Right-click on the tab whichcontains the compositiondrawing.

Select the option ‘Rename’in the menu.

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85 Type in another name forthe drawing, for example:‘Assembly’.

86 Fill in your name in theright bottom corner.

87 Save the drawing and printit.

What are the main fea-tures you have learnedin this tutorial?

In this tutorial you have made three drawings and learned the most impor-tant functions for making a drawing. You have:

- Placed views onto a drawing sheet.

- Set dimensions in drawings, both automatically and manually.

- Made some cross-cuts, including complete and partial cross-cuts.

- Made an exploded view.

- Added part numbers and a parts list to a composition drawing.

There are a lot more functions to use when making drawing, but the thingsyou know now will enable you to draw any products you want!


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