- 1. Technology Transfer Changes in the materials and containers
used tostore and transport wine Janine Bevege
- 6000BC - Archeologists discover ancient jars made from clay
that contained fermented juices.
- 79AD - First evidence of barrel.Pliney the Elder noted that
Romans stored their wine in wooden containers held together with
- 1600s - New glass making techniques in England allow for wine
to be stored properly.
- 1600s - Monk Dom Perignon takes giant step from using wooden
plugs to cork as a wine closure.
- 1965 - Thomas Angove, South Australia, invents the first
Bag-in-Box wine cask.
- 2001- New Zealand begins bottling and exporting wines with
metal screw caps.
- Chemical analysis reveals fermented fruit juice.
- Earliest evidence of use in Northern China.
5. Amphora chosen because.
6. Wine protected from spoilage by
- Stopper would be marked with contents and other info
- Traced back to the Celts during the Iron age.
- Barrels were lighter and easier to craft than amphora.
- Chance discovery that French oak was the best timber for
8. Oak Barrels cont
- Oak imparts interesting aromas to the wine.
- Easy for Coopers to work.
- Less susceptible to wood diseases.
9. American Oak
- Popular for some time in Spain, Portugal, South Africa and
- French believe impact on wine is too strong.
- Less expensive and fewer tannins.
10. Barrel Making in a nutshell
- Split wood is passed through bandsaw..
- Metal ring is used to hold the staves..
- When circle is complete a third loop is hammered
- Oak is toasted to different degrees
11. Then finally
- The bung-hole is drilled into the side of the barrel.
- The outside is given its final planing before the bottom and
lid are fitted.
- Rule of thumb, the more structure a wine has the better it will
withstand oak aging.
- Refines tannins in reds and adds tannic elements to
- Batonnage - leaving wine on lees.
- Some wine evaporates - the Angels Share.
13. Bottling 14. What thecorkare you on about?
- First recorded use in Egypt.
- First cork factory 1750 in Spain.
- Production boomed in 19th century.Now universal stopper.
- Portugal is leading supplier.
15. To screw or not to screw?
- Prevent risk of Cork Taint
- NZ leads the industry in capped wine.
16. Silencing the Pop!
- Can we really be taken seriously as a wine producing country
17. The futurethinking inside the box
- 54% less energy than glass.
- 80% less green house gases.
- 30-40% less trucks to transport the same amount as bottled
18. Crack open a cold one?
- Can is lined to prevent tinny taste.
- Perfect for Camping/ Boating.
- When you just wantoneglass of bubbly!
- Domine, A (2004).Wine: 5th Edition Completely Revised .
- T, Greg (2009).Wine Storage The Early Days . Retrieved July 29,
- Nivela, D (2010) Oak Wine Barrels A Short History. Retrieved
July 29, 2010, fromwww.ezinearticles.com
- The Natural Choice(2010). Retrieved July 29, 2010,
- Tetrapak(2010). Retrieved August 11, 2010,
- Barokes (2010). Retrieved August 11, 2010,
- An inside look at barrel business(1985). Retrieved August 10,
- The Coopers (2010). Retrieved August 10, 2010,
- Neeley, Z.(2010) Oak Barrels, French or American?. Retrieved
August 11, 2010, fromwww.trethefenfamilyvineyards.com
- Our name is blog (2010) Retrieved August 11, 2010,
- Chua, J (2010) Send in the Cork. Retrievec August 11, 2010