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# ABSOLUTE VS. RELATIVE

Date post: 05-Jan-2016
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Math162 Presentation. ABSOLUTE VS. RELATIVE. 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷). MAI Yuan Mickey NIP Tsz Yung. This Presentation. We are going to cover the following: Example 1: The Math162 grading scheme Example 2: The First Class Honor - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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ABSOLUTE VS. RELATIVE 7 Examples of Numbe r Manipulation in Daily Life by E lement ary Arithmetic (+, -, × , ÷) Math162 Presentation MAI Yuan Mickey NIP Tsz Yu ng
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ABSOLUTE VS. RELATIV

E

7 Examples of N

umber Manipulation in

Daily Life by Elementary Arith

metic (+, -,

×, ÷)

Math162 Presentation

MAI Yuan M

ickey

NIP Tsz Yung

This Presentation

We are going to cover the following:

Example 1: The Math162 grading scheme

Example 2: The First Class Honor

Example 3: HKUST’s world ranking

Example 4: Toy Story 3’s box office in Hong Kong

Example 5: The 2010 Hong Kong by-election

Example 6: Minimum wage in Hong Kong

Example 7: The United States presidential election of 2000

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

1173 Hours Ago…

“In daily life, we only need to use the four basic arithmetic operations - addition, subtraction, multiplication, division. So, these are all we need for mathematical training.”

What can (+, -, ×, ÷) do?

When Truth Lies

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

The grading is based on the presentation 1 performance.

13 of 21 students are listed below.

The score of the Samson/SuenWai group is fictional.

Normal is what most other courses do:

18% A range; 36% B range; 42% C range; 4% D and F

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

Name Samson

SuenWai

Alan Justina

Gloria Mickey

Yung Kary Loretta

Vivian Leo Kelvin Roy

Score 10 10 8.88 8.88 8.88 8.5 8.5 7.91 7.91 7.91 7.82 7.82 7.82

Math162

A+ A+ B+ B+ B+ B B C+ C+ C+ C+ C+ C+

Normal A+ A+ A- A- A- B+ B+ B B B B- B- B-

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

The unit of the y axis matters.

Example 2: How many First Class students?

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

Grade A+ A A- B+ B B- C+ C C- D F

Score 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 2 0

Percent

6 6 6 12 12 12 14 14 14 4

Example 3: HKUST ranks 41st in the world

And how it does not matter to you.

19.5 + 5.25 + 4.5 + 0.75 +

32.5 + 2.5 +

6 + 2.25 =

At least 73.25% irrelevancy

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

Example 4: Toy Story 3 is HUGE in Hong Kong…

Top 10 films with the biggest box office in Hong Kong:

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

Rank Title Year Box Office (HKD)

1 James Cameron’s Avatar 2009 \$176,984,565

2 James Cameron’s Titanic 1997 \$104,615,934

3 Pixar’s Toy Story 3 2010 \$89.36 Million

4 周星馳《功夫》 2004 \$61,278,697

5 周星馳《少林足球》 2001 \$60,739,847

6 Steven Spielberg’s Jurassic Park 2 1997 \$58,505,480

7 Christopher Nolan’s The Dark Knight 2008 \$58,440,488

8 Christopher Nolan’s Inception 2010 \$58.38 Million

9 Steven Spielberg’s Jurassic Park 1993 \$58,360,645

10 唐季禮《警察故事 4之簡單任務》 1996 \$57,518,795

Example 4: Toy Story 3 is HUGE in Hong Kong…

First revelation

Average ticket price for normal films: 60 HKD

Average ticket price for Inception (surchage for the long length and some IMAX): 70 HKD

Average ticket price for Toy Story 3 (surchage for the 3D and some IMAX format): 90 HKD

How many people went to see Inception? And TS3?

58,380 / 70 = 834,000; 89,360 / 90 = 992,000.

Second revelation

Inception: 142 minutes; TS3: 103 minutes.

How long did Hong Kong people spend on watching Inception totally? And TS3?

834,000*142 = 118 million minutes on watching Inception;

992,000*103 = 102 million minutes on watching TS3.

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

Example 5: Is 17.1% that large/small a number?

It’s 17.1%, while it was 45.2% in 2008. But…

100% increase of supporters.

Not to mention the 36,226 votes won by ”大專 2012”.

But, the Pro-Democracy Camp won 869,465 votes in 2008

Still 869,465 - 464,561 - 36,226 = 368,678 potential supporters not convinced.

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

2008 Election

82,600 37,553 39,274 32,182 44,763 236,372

2010 By- Election

103,564 60,395 82,066 109,609 108,927 464,561

Example 6: The Minimum Wage

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

\$18 - \$18X8X26=\$3744

\$28? Why? - \$28X8X26=\$5824

-cut working hours

-change back the situation

-case 1

\$28X7X26=\$5096

Example 7: George Bush vs. Al Gore

Gore 51 Million vs. Bush 50.5 Million, Bush won!----Indirect ElectionThe Electoral College538 electorsWon by absolute majority - 270Electors of each state

= no. of Senators + no. of Congressmen----Separation of Powers

The President (1)The Congress

Senate (2 seats per state, 100 total)House of Representatives (by population)

The Supreme Court (9)---50 states, and D.C. (the capital)

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

Example 7: George Bush vs. Al GoreTotal congressmen of the nation: 435; Total senators: 100; D.C.: 348 states + DC: winner-take-all; Maine and Nebraska: exceptions

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

Homework

1. Recall the numbers in the 7th example, the total number of electors voted for Bush is 271, Gore 266, accounting for totally 537. There are, however, as we calculated, 538 electors around the nation. Please do some research, and find out what’s wrong here?

2. We are going to establish a House of Representative in China, using Hong Kong’s population as the base. So, Hong Kong has ONE congressman. How many congressmen do Guangdong, Shanghai, Sichuan, Macau and Tibet have, respectively? Reference: http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%B8%AD%E5%8D%8E%E4%BA%BA%E6%B0%91%E5%85%B1%E5%92%8C%E5%9B%BD%E8%A1%8C%E6%94%BF%E5%8C%BA%E4%BA%BA%E5%8F%A3%E8%A1%A8

3. Extra: Calculate the percentage of students getting First Class Honor if they take totally 2 courses in UST.

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

Extra question: Can you help us find x?

Mickey & Yung, Absolute vs. Relative: 7 Examples of Number Manipulation in Daily Life by Elementary Arithmetic (+, -, ×, ÷)

555

444

x

Thank you.

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