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Chapter 5 Photocells, Photodiodes, and Photomultipliers.

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Chapter 5 Photocells, Photodiodes, and Photomultipliers
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Page 1: Chapter 5 Photocells, Photodiodes, and Photomultipliers.

Chapter 5

Photocells, Photodiodes, and Photomultipliers

Page 2: Chapter 5 Photocells, Photodiodes, and Photomultipliers.

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Photosensor – electrical device that responds to changes in intensity of light striking it.

Photocells – more sensitive than photodiodes to visible light

Photodiodes – switch very fast, linear, but require external amplification.

Page 3: Chapter 5 Photocells, Photodiodes, and Photomultipliers.

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Four types of photosensors:

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Night vision goggles is one example.

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Photovoltaic photocells differ from photodiodes in five ways:

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...but at night, you can see very little.

It is quite easy to see everything during the day...

Image courtesy of Infrared, Inc.Thermal imaging lets you see again.

Page 25: Chapter 5 Photocells, Photodiodes, and Photomultipliers.

The image-intensifier tube changes photons to electrons and back again.

Image Enhancement

A conventional lens, called the objective lens, captures ambient light and some near-infrared light. The light is sent to the image-intensifier tube

The image-intensifier tube has a photocathode, which is used to convert the photons of light energy into electrons.

Page 26: Chapter 5 Photocells, Photodiodes, and Photomultipliers.

At the end of the image-intensifier tube, the electrons hit a screen coated with phosphors.

The green phosphor image is viewed through another lens, called the ocular lens, which allows you to magnify and focus the image.

As the electrons pass through the image-intensifier tube, similar electrons are released from atoms in the tube, multiplying the original number of electrons by a factor of thousands through the use of a microchannel plate (MCP) in the tube. (Photomultiplier)

As electrons pass through the microchannels, they cause thousands of other electrons to be released in each channel using a process called cascaded secondary emission.

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