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  • Satellite Remote Sensing and Geospatial

    data in Integrated Watershed Management

    Programme (IWMP)

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  • A Geo-hydrological unitfor an area that drains at acommon point.

    Watershed Development:

    Source of definition: Watershed Processes, Assessment & Management Paul A. DeBarry, John Wiley Publications (1.0 Introduction: Comprehensive Watershed Assessment & Management)

    Natural Resources

    Management

    Water Conservation &

    Land Improvement

    Ecological Security Water Security, Agriculture

    Productivity, Livelihoods

    Sustainable Development

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  • Integrated Watershed Management

    People

    Water

    Land

    Forest

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  • Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP)

    Since 1995, MoRD was implementing three programmes,

    namely, Desert Development Programme (DDP), Drought

    Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Integrated

    Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP).

    On 26.02.2009, the Cabinet approved the integration of

    the existing three schemes into a single modified

    programme, namely, IWMP.

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  • Salient Features of IWMP

    Dedicated Institutions with multi-disciplinary experts at:

    State level - State Level Nodal Agency (SLNA)

    District level - Watershed Cell cum Data Centre (WCDC)

    Project level - Project Implementing Agency (PIA)

    Village level - Watershed Committee (WC)

    Cluster Approach: Size of project about 5,000 ha.

    Cost Norms: Rs.12,000/ha. in plains; Rs.15,000/ ha in difficult/hilly areas

    and upto Rs.15,000/ha in IAP districts

    Funding pattern: 90:10 between Centre & States.

    Release of funds: 2 installments (60%, 40%) as per annual requirement

    Project period: 4 -7 years, 3 Phases (Preparatory, Works & Consolidation)

    Scientific planning: IT, remote sensing techniques, GIS for planning,

    monitoring and evaluation

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  • Salient Features of IWMP Contd

    Implementation through Watershed Community

    Participatory Approach

    Emphasis on our participation in their plans

    Contributory approach to empower the community

    Transparency in transactions

    Direct funding to the community

    Demand Driven Watershed Dev. Plan

    Linkages with Research Institutions

    Flexibility in technology

    Arrangements for post project maintenance

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  • Component-wise earmarking of project cost

    Component % of project cost

    DPR preparation 1

    Entry point activities 4

    Institution & Capacity building 5

    Watershed Development Works 56

    Livelihoods for asset-less persons 9

    Production system & micro-enterprises 10

    Consolidation 3

    Monitoring 1

    Evaluation 1

    Administration 10

    Total 100

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  • Activities under Watershed Projects Capacity building and awareness generation

    Encouraging peoples participation

    Democratic decentralization in decision making

    Formation of autonomous institution at the village level

    Participatory agricultural water management

    (soil & moisture conservation, rain water harvesting,integrated water management of surface & ground waterresources, onfarm water management to enhance water useefficiency, conservation farming etc)

    Afforestation, horticulture and pasture development

    Livelihood activities including production systems & micro-

    enterprises

    Convergence of activities / schemes

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  • Allocation of targets among States and

    prioritization of watersheds by States

    Department allocates annual targets among States based

    on criteria - DPAP/DDP areas, treatable wastelands,

    SC/ST population, rainfed area and 10% mandatory

    allocation for NE States.

    States prioritize watershed projects based on criteria like

    poverty index, area under rainfed agriculture, moisture

    index, productivity potential of the land, % of small &

    marginal farmers, ground water status, drinking water etc.

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  • Sl Project Year Area % to TGA

    1 National Wastelands Monitoring Project

    2005-06 47.22 m. ha (14.91%)

    2 National Wastelands Change Analysis

    2008-09 46.70 m. ha (14.75%)

    National Wastelands Change Analysis

    Objectives:

    To generate spatial information on different classes of wastelands

    of 2008 - 09 at district, state and national levels, by updating the

    wasteland vector layer of 2005 - 06.

    To Identify and depict areas with major wasteland changes between

    2005 - 06 and 2008 - 09.

    Preparation of category-wise spatial change statistics at national,

    state and district levels and summation in the form of an atlas.

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  • The Union Development Minister Rural Development Mr. Jairam

    Ramesh, released Wastelands Atlas of India 2011 (change analysis

    based on temporal satellite data of 2005-06 and 2008-09),

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  • Visualization of All India Wasteland Maps

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  • Visualization of All India Waste land Maps

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  • WASTELAND CHANGES

    Ahmedabad District, Gujarat

    Scrub land to Industrial

    Oct 2006

    Oct 2009

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  • WASTELAND CHANGES

    Jan 2006

    Feb 2009

    Adilabad District, Andhra Pradesh

    Scrub land to Waterbody/ Industrial

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  • Physical Target & Achievement - 11th & 12th Plan

    11th PlanArea taken up for development (m.ha.)

    Target Achievement

    2009-10 5.41 6.31

    2010-11 8.50 8.82

    2011-12 8.74 9.08

    Total 22.65 24.21

    12th Plan

    2012-13 5.00 5.00

    2013-14 5.00 3.5

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  • Financial Outlay & Release 11th Plan & 12th Plan (Rs.in Crore)

    11th Plan Budget (RE) Released

    2007-08 1114.54 1164.54

    2008-09 1545.00 1544.40

    2009-10 1819.80 1762.65

    2010-11 2458.00 2456.73

    2011-12 2314.20 2312.09

    Total 9194.54 9240.41

    12th Plan

    2012-13 2903.50 2893.43

    2013-14 5387 .00 1775.21

    Total allocation for 12th Plan is Rs.29,296 crore. Physical target is 25 million ha.

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  • Implementation

    Funds are released directly to SLNA

    Projects implemented by WCDC through PIAs

    PIA can be a Panchayati Raj Institution or Line Department orreputed NGO or Corporate Entity

    PIA maintains a technical team of 4 experts calledWDT(Agriculture/Agril.Engineering/AnimalHusbandry/So-cialmobilization/Livelihoods/Forestry)

    At village level, projects are planned and executed by theWatershed Committee (WC)

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  • 1.Preparatory PhaseEPA: to build rapo with local people. Works based on urgentneeds of the local community such as revival of naturalresources, availability of drinking water, augmenting groundwater, productivity enhancement of existing farming systemsetc.

    Community Organization: formation of WCs, UGs & SHGs

    Capacity building: 5% - appropriate training programmefor all stakeholders on planning, implementation, livelihoods,micro-enterprises through NGOs, GOs & reputed institutions.

    DPR: includes activities like collecting baseline data, PRAexercise, net planning, year wise phasing out of activities,convergence possibilities and finally preparation of DPR,approval by Gram Sabha, WCDC & SLNA.

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  • Capacity Building

    DoLR level:

    Reputed institutes are involved - ICRISAT, MANAGE,

    NRSC/RRSC, NIRD, SIRDs, CRIDA,CAZRI etc.

    Training/Workshops on specialized subjects like

    promoting use of high-science tools.

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  • Micro Level Planning (MLP)/DPR

    Process of assessing, prioritizing, documenting,

    the needs and aspirations of local communities,

    pertaining to both natural as well as non land

    based livelihood aspects.

    Important step in preparing community level

    action plan for WDP

    MLP helps in mutual learning, involve target

    group in planning, brings ownership of planned

    activities, transparence, addressing gender and

    equity issues.

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  • SPATIAL DATA REQUIREMENT OF IWMP

    THEMATIC INFORMATION

    Drainage and Watershed maps

    Land use & land cover

    Wastelands

    Land degradation

    Ground water potential / Drinking Water status

    Soil information

    Village boundaries

    Cadastral maps

    Digital Elevation Models

    SATELLITE DATA

    IRS- LISS-IV, CARTOSAT

    Satellite Ortho image database at 1:10,000 scale

    Bhiwani Dist, Haryana State

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  • WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME

    DRAINAGE MAP IRS LISS-IV SATELLITE IMAGE GROUND WATER PROSPECTS MAPSLOPE MAP

    ACTION PLAN MAPLAND USE / LAND COVER MAPSOIL MAP

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  • Participatory Net Planning (Use of GPS & GIS Maps)nrs

    c/ISR

    O

  • AP STATE

    MEDAK DISTRICT

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  • CART-1 PAN SHARPENED LISS IV IRS DATA AT IWMP PROJECT LEVEL

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  • District

    Mandal

    Village

    GIS BASE DATA

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  • Cadastral map Integrated with

    Terrain features

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  • SATELLITE DATA OVERLAID WITH CADAST

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