Why People Migrate Push Factors: Push
people to leave a place:Escape religious
persecution, oppression, poverty, political conflicts, and/or environmental factors
Why People Migrate
Pull Factors: Factors attracting people to leave:Search for greater
political or religious freedom
Search for economic opportunity and to reinforce cultural ties
Migration: Social Factors Social Factors: people organizing
into groups: religious groups.Examples: Jewish Migration
Migration: Social Factors Social Factors: people migrate when
they are persecuted for being members of a specific ethnic group.Examples: Rwanda, Holocaust
• (Movie: Hotel Rwanda)
Migration: Political Factors Political Factors: people escape
political persecution to enjoy greater political freedom and rights in a new place.Examples: Cubans Flee Communism,
Flight of Afghan Refugees
Migration: Environmental and Economic Factors Environment Factors: People move with
the seasons. Changes in temperature or drought cause people to move.Examples: Irish Potato Famine of the 1840s.
Economic Factors: People leave a place to escape poverty and find better jobs.Examples: Early 20th Century(1900’s)
immigration into the US from Southern/Eastern Europe.
Migration: Forced Forced
Migration: migration is not voluntary. Usually accompanies war and persecution of people.Example: Slave Trade
Physical Factors Affecting Migration Routes
People often migrate through valleys, across grasslands, and along water routes.
Groups of migrating people generally avoid natural barriers like mountains, deserts, and dense forests.
Some physical factors can change.Land-Bridge from Siberia to Alaska
Using the examples mentioned in this power point, explain the importance of both “push” and “pull” factors to migration.Both of these items determine how and
when people move throughout the world affecting population of affected countries.
Can affect infrastructure and services provided in all countries involved.
Increasing numbers of people from Latin America have migrated to the US over the last 3 decades. What has been the primary reason for this increased migration.A. to escape from the threat of Communism
B. to obtain religious freedom
C. to avoid natural disasters
D. to find new economic opportunities
Which of the following is an example of human migration caused by economic “pull” factor?A. Puritans migrated to Massachusetts to freely
practice their religion.
B. Afghan refugees fled to Pakistan to escape war involving Taliban and US forces.
C. Turkish workers migrate to Germany after 1945 to fill jobs in that nation.
D. East Berliners crossed into West Berlin in the 1960s to escape Communist rule.