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Forefathers of Classification

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Forefathers of Classification. Aristotle (Greece): the first person to realize that all living things should be organized Carl Linneaus (17 th century): 1 st person to classify living things in a scientific way - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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Forefathers of ClassificationAristotle (Greece): the first person to realize that all living things should be organizedCarl Linneaus (17th century): 1st person to classify living things in a scientific wayCharles Darwin (18th century): developed a classification system based on evolution

Grouping of Living Things by DomainDomains of life:EukaryotaAnimalsPlantsFungi (mushrooms)ArchaeaMicrobesEubacteriaBlue-green algae

Grouping of Living Things by CategoryAll living things are divided into seven categoriesKingdom (common)PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenusSpecies (specific)Think: Keep Pond Clean Or Froggy Gets SickKingdom is the most common and includes many diverse animals. As you move down the list, you get more and more specific about a particular animal.Create Classification Study AidspeciesclassgenusfamilyorderphylumkingdomSpeciesMost EXCLUSIVE groupContains organisms that are VERY closely related. Can reproduce and create more of their ownAmerican Black Bear

GenusA group of species that are closely related and share a common ancestor.

Asiatic Black BearUrsus thibetanusAmerica Black BearUrsus americanusFamilyA group of similar, related genera (genus)Smaller than a genus but bigger than an order

Asiatic Black BearUrsus thibetanusAmerica Black BearUrsus americanus

Sloth BearMelursus ursinusOrderA taxon that made of closely related families.For example, carnivores make up one order

ClassA taxon containing one or more related ordersFor example, mammals make up one class PhylumA group of related classesChordata (vertebrates) are one phylum

KingdomMost INCLUSIVE group (most species, greatest diversity)6 kingdoms of lifeAnimalsPlantsFungiProtistsBacteria Archaebacteria

Keep Pond Clean Or Froggy Gets Sick!Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species

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