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Globalization Fish Quotas

Date post: 19-Jan-2017
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Fishing – Fishing – The The Global Global Problem Problem UNYP 2007 TEAM: Lior, Eliska, UNYP 2007 TEAM: Lior, Eliska, Martin Martin
  • Fishing The Global ProblemUNYP 2007 TEAM: Lior, Eliska, Martin

  • contentintroductionthe environmental problemthe economic problemthe political issueabout fishing quotasavailable solutionssummary

  • the environmental problemoverfishing (heavy exploit of fish stocks)impact of human activities

    damage of ocean bottomwasteful processing facilitiesoil spillsdestruction of mangrove swamps and estuariesindustrial air pollutionproduction of nutrientspesticides and other materials that run off the land and pollute the oceans

    Almost 70 per cent of all fish stocks are either fully to heavily exploited (44 per cent), over-exploited (16 per cent), depleted (6 per cent) or very slowly recovering from overfishing (3 per cent), according to the FAO.

  • fishing death zones USA

  • overfishing: the ecological impact

  • the economic problem"Too many vessels chasing too few fish"fishing industry is overcapitalizedfishing industry total revenue US$ 54 billion annuallynon-selective fishing equipment"by-catch", currently estimated at 27 million tones annually

  • collapse of fisheries ?ICTSD - The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable DevelopmentRights-based Managementdistant-water fishing fleets

  • the political issueunemploymentindustry losseshigh social and economic costlegal bindingsinternational agreementEU and UN talks

  • EU fishing quotasconserve and sustainably manage fish stocks regulationsEU fishing rights vs. free fishing rightsback investment into fish stocks, research and developing new opportunities

  • UN agreementUN Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982

    The Agreement on High Seas Fishing

    Establishes the basis for the sustainable management and conservation of the world's fisheries;Addresses the problem of inadequate data on fish stocks;Provides for the establishment of quotas;Calls for the setting up of regional fishing organizations where none exist;Tackles problems caused by the persistence of unauthorized fishing;Sets out procedures for ensuring compliance with its provisions, including the right to board and inspect vessels belonging to other States; andPrescribes options for the compulsory and binding peaceful settlement of disputes between States.

  • summaryecological, economical and political issuedifficulties to implement rights-based managementglobal cases sustainable natural resources managementFAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries

  • industry responsibilitysustainable resource harvesting practicesmaintaining environmental integrityresearch into the fisheries and associated specieseffective surveillance and compliance, andsharing the costs of management.

  • fish vocabulary

    herring lobsteredible brown crabtuna oyster cuttlefish pink shrimpsalmonoctopus scallopcold water prawnwinkle

  • Thank Youfor your attention

  • Q & A

  • sourceshttp://www.american.edu/projects/mandala/TED/projects/tedcross/xfish1.htmhttp://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/sustdev/fishery.htmhttp://www.feed24.com/go/36961487http://www.oxfam.org.nz/imgs/pdf/oxfam%20nz%20fisheries%20final%2019%20oct.pdfhttp://www.fishingnews.co.uk/heighway/home.htm?site=fnwhttp://www.guardian.co.uk/print/0,,4823004-105193,00.htmlhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4116887.stmhttp://www.ictsd.org/biores/04-12-20/story2.htmhttp://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X7579E/x7579e0b.htmhttp://wdfw.wa.gov/fish/forage/herring.htmhttp://www.earth-policy.org/Indicators/indicator3.htm

  • How to Catch a FishDredging

    Scallops, clams, oysters and other shellfish that live on the seafloor or burrow into mud or sand.Harpooning

    Open ocean swimmers--large, pelagic predators such as bluefin tuna and swordfish.Hook and Lining

    A variety of fish, ranging from open ocean swimmers, like tuna and mahi mahi, to bottom dwellers, like cod.

  • How to Catch a FishLonglining

    Different species at different depths. Pelagic longliners hang their hooks near the sea surface to catch open ocean fish, such as tuna and swordfish. Demersalor bottomlongliners float their hooks just off the seafloor to catch fish that live on or near the bottom, such as cod or halibut.Purse Seining

    Primarily schooling fish, such as sardines, or fish that gather to spawn, like squid. The most popular fish caught by purse seines are tuna used for canning.

  • How to Catch a FishTraps and Pots

    Traps and pots catch bottom-dwellers, such as lobsters, crabs and shrimp. They're also used to catch bottom-dwelling fish, such as sablefish or Pacific rockfish.Trawling/Dragging

    Different animals at different depths. Midwater trawlers catch faster-swimming schooling fish such as sardines. Bottom trawlers catch fish that live on or near the seafloor, such as cod, flounder and shrimp.

  • How to Catch a FishTrolling

    Trollers catch fish that will follow a moving lure or bait Trollers catch fish that will follow a moving lure or bait, such as salmon, mahi mahi and albacore tuna.

  • Almost 70 per cent of all fish stocks are either fully to heavily exploited (44 per cent), over-exploited (16 per cent), depleted (6 per cent) or very slowly recovering from overfishing (3 per cent), according to the FAO.