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1110 office of Director of Public Prosecutions, arrangements had been made for attendance at this session of the Council as Judicial Assessor of Mr. E. W. Hansell, Recorder of Maidstone. Instructions regarding a definite appointment will, he said, be arrived at during the week. WEDNESDAY, NOV. 24TH. The Council proceeded to the consideration of Penal Cases. The first case was that of Nariman Hormusji Clubwala, L.M.S., M.D. Univ. of Bombay, who was charged with having given, as a locum tenens, a certificate of unfit- ness for military duty to a patient whom he had only seen once, appending the signature of his principal to the incorrect details. The charge was brought by a representative of the Australian Imperial Force, and, having been substantiated, the name of the offender was removed from the Register. I URBAN VITAL STATISTICS. (Week ended Nov. 20th, 1920.) Engli:sh and Welsh Towns,-In the 96 English and Welsh towns, with an aggregate civil population estimated at nearly 18 million persons, the annual rate of mortality, which had increased from 10’7 to 13-4 in the five preceding weeks, fell to 12-8 per 1000. In London, with a population of nearly 4 million persons, the annual death-rate was 13’6, or 1-3 per 1000 below that recorded in the previous week, while among the remaining towns the rates ranged from 5’1 in Smethwick, 6-3 in Oxford, and 7-1 in Ealing, to 19-2 in South Shields, 19-4 in West Bromwich, and 20-1 in Southport. The principal epidemic diseases caused 249 deaths, which corresponded to an annual rate of 0-7 per 1000, and comprised 123 from iutantile diarrhoea, 64 from diphtheria, 31 from measles, 17 from scarlet fever, 10 from whooping-cough, and 4 from enteric fever. The deaths from diarrhoea, which had been 185, 129, and 106 in the three preceding weeks, rose to 123, and included 24 in London, 12 in Liverpool, 9 in Manchester, and 6 in Hull. The mortality from the remaining diseases showed no marked excess in any of the large towns. There were 5610 cases of scarlet fever and 2562 of diphtheria under treatment in the Metropolitan Asylums Hospitals and the London Fever Hospital, against 5512 and 2474 respectively at the end of the previous week. The causes of 26 of the 4386 deaths in the 96 towns were uncertified, of which 3 were registered in London, and 2 each in Birmingham, Liverpool, St. Helens, and Middlesbrough. Scottish Towns.-In the 16 largest Scottish towns, with an aggregate population estimated at nearly 2 million persons, the annual rate of mortality, which had been 13-9, 14-7, and 14-3 in the -three preceding weeks, fell to 13-6 per 1000. The 323 deaths in Glasgow corresponded to an annual rate of 15’1 per 1000, and included 8 from whooping-cough, 5 from infantile diarrhoea, 3 from diphtheria, and 1 each from enteric fever and scarlet fever. The 70 deaths in Edin- burgh were equal to a rate of 10-7 per 1000, and included 3 from infantile diarrhoea, 2 from whooping-cough, and 1 from measles. Irish Towns.-The 152 deaths in Dublin corresponded to an annual rate of 19-1, or 2-3 per 1000 above that ’, recorded in the previous week, and included 9 from infantile I diarrhoea, and 1 each from measles and diphtheria. The 104 deaths in Belfast were equal to a rate of 13-0 per 1000, and included 1 each from enteric fever, scarlet fever, whooping-cough, and infantile diarrhoea. The Services. ROYAL NAVAL MEDICAL SERVICE. Surg. Lieut. Cmdr. (retired) F. C. Alton is reinstated on Active List. Surgeon Lieutenant Commanders to be Surgeon Commanders : J. S. Orwin and H. W. Nicholls. ROYAL ARMY MEDICAL CORPS. Major E. Gibbon relinquishes the temporary rank of Lieutenant- Colonel and is restored to the establishment. F. H. Scrimgeour relinquishes the rank of local Major. To be temporary Captains: F. E. Johnson (late temporary Captain) and R. S. Aspinall (late Captain, Spec. Res.). Capt. E. Parker resigns his commission. Temp. Capt. G. T. Wrench relinquishes his commission and retains the rank of Captain. TERRITORIAL FORCE. Capt. (acting Major) J. A. Henderson relinquishes the acting rank of Major on vacating appointment of Deputy Assistant Director of Medica 1 Services. Capts. F. W. Goodbody (from T. F. Res.) and D. F. Dobson) late R.A.M C.) to he Captains. HYGIENE ON THE SEA : ACCOMMODATION FOR SEAMEN IN SHIPS OF TO-DAY.1 (BY OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.) IV. THE "ACHILLES." THE funnel of the Blue Funnel Line, blue with a black top, is well known out East; its happy hunting- grounds are east of Acheen Head. " Blue Funnel " is the pet name of the Ocean Steamship Company, of Liverpool, owned by the Holts, and, with its 46 ships, aggregating 315,000 tons, it is the largest private-owned company in the world, but, as if that was not enough, it has recently added to itself the 25 ships and 17,500 tons of the " China Mutual" S. N. Co. Thus it has a large fleet, and the treatment of the sailors is of public importance. When I went down to the Royal Albert Docks to see the Achille8 she had just completed her maiden voyage. (I had a little difficulty in finding Messrs. Holt’s office, and I got a bystander to lead m6 to it, who, being given a sixpence, surprised me by remarking, "Now I can get some- thing to eat," for I had supposed that all men inside the docks were employed.) Messrs. Holt’s repre- sentatives were good enough to send me on board with one of their superintendents, who made things easy for me in every way, and showed me everything I wanted to see. Dim!’ nsion8 and Acc01n?l’wdation, The Achillc8 is a cargo ship, one of Rudyard Kipling’s " big steamers," 11,426 tons gross and displacing 19,500 tons when she is down to her load draught, 32 feet, when she is probably worth 2,000,000. She is 524 feet long and 63 feet wide. Unlike her classical namesake, she is not very fast, but her 14 knots give her 350 miles a day, a run which many a passenger steamer east of Suez does not attain. Such a ship may be regarded as a huge lighter, containing below the upper deck only the engine-room, storerooms, and the vast holds which are her raison d’etre, while the officers and crew live on the upper deck in three groups. The captain, the 6 passengers, the 3 officers, 8 engineers, 4 midshipmen, 4 petty officers, and 7 stewards live in the central superstructure from above downwards; the crew live aft, the 14 A(ble) B(odied) seamen and the four boys in a house on deck, the 49 Chinese engine-room help, live on a mess deck just under the upper deck and in’ the run of the ship-that is, where she is narrowing, fining away, right aft. First of the superstructure. Above, the captain’s cabin, and I was glad to see the captain was well lodged, as his responsibilities and his occupations undoubtedly demand. As his responsibilities increase so should his compensations, and the increased size and value of ships make it possible to give greater comfort to officers and men. Still, some other companies have forgotten this. The officers and passengers (six only) are well lodged and, like the captain, have suitable bath and w.c. accommodation. There are a saloon and a comfort- able smoking-room, with a library, from which the crew can get books. There is a midshipman’s berth or gun- room for the four apprentices or midshipmen; it is in the port alley-way and has six portholes or scuttles in it, so it is well lighted and can get plenty of ventilation by the help of a ventilating shaft and the air extractors in the alley-way partition or bulkhead. I suppose the height of the "deck-head" or roof is about 9 feet; there is plenty of floor space, and if the other ships of the company are similar there is no unnecessary hardship before the youngster who goes to sea in the ships of the Blue Funnel Line,. The company provides them with a decent library, half of it technical, half of it literary and entertaining, and, if I may judge by the lunch I was kindly allowed to share on’ board, there is nothing wrong with their food. The four petty officers 1 Previous articles describing the accommodation on the Aquitania, the Olympic, and the Imperator appeared in THE LANCET of Sept. 11th (p. 569), 25th (p. 666), and Oct. 9th (p. 760), respectively.