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Infographic: Facts on Breast Cancer

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  • 8/4/2019 Infographic: Facts on Breast Cancer

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    IN MINUTES News and events visually

    Fat

    Rib cage

    Nipple

    Muscle(pectoralismajor)

    Dilated section(to hold milk)

    Lobes

    Ducts

    October is National Breast Cancer Awareness month

    SIGNS

    A lump in the breast

    Clear or bloody dischargefrom nipple

    Change in nipple, likepulling in of the nipple

    Skin dimpling or changesin skin colour/texture

    A typicalfullness,

    or change inshape of breast

    RISK FACTORSWeight: Being obese or overweight

    Diet/lifestyle: Lack of physical activity, a diet highin saturated fat and more than two alcoholic drinksper day

    Family history: A family history of breast cancer particularly a mother or sister

    Age: Most women diagnosed are aged 65+65+

    STAGES

    mostsevere

    Stage 0

    5-year survival rate:100%

    Abnormal or precancer-ous cells are found in thelining of the milk lobulesor ducts. The abnormalcells have not spread intonearby breast tissue.

    Stage 15-year survival rate:98%

    Cancer cells have spreadinto the breast tissue, butnot spread beyond thebreast. The tumour is nomore than 2 cm across.

    Stage 2

    5-year survival rate:88%

    The tumour is 2 cm orless and has spread to asmall number of lymphnodes, or the tumour is2-5 cm, but is not at thelymph nodes.

    Stage 3

    5-year survival rate:56-49%

    The diameter of thetumour may be smaller orlarger than 5 cm, but hasspread to the lymph

    nodes. The nodes startsticking to each other orto the surrounding tissue.

    Stage 4

    5-year survival rate:16%

    Regardless of the tumoursize, the cancer cells havespread to the lungs, liver,brain, bones or otherparts of the body.

    23,4005,300

    Estimated number of women in Canada that will be

    diagnosed with breast cancer in 2011.

    will die from it

    450On average, number of Canadian

    women that will be diagnosed with

    breast cancer every week.

    102On average, number of Canadian womenthat will die of breast cancer every week.

    Percent ofall new

    cancer casesin women,

    2011

    Cancer cells may start withinthe ducts, which is the mostcommon form (ductalcarcinoma) or in the lobules(lobular carcinoma).

    The facts on breast cancer

    28%

    In the shower

    With your fingersflat, move gentlyover the breast,using the righthand to examinethe left breast andthe left hand tocheck the rightbreast. Check for

    lumps, hard knotsor thickening.

    In the mirror

    Start with your arms byyour sides and inspectyour breasts. Next,raise your armsoverhead check forany changes: Swelling,dimpling or changes inthe nipple. Lastly, restyour palms on your

    hips and press firmly toflex the chest muscles.

    Lying down

    Place a pillow under your right shoulderand put your right arm behind your head.Flatten your left hand and press gently insmall circular motions, covering the entirebreast; use varying pressure. Squeeze thenipple to check for discharge and lumps.Repeat on the left side.

    HOW TO DO A BREAST SELF-EXAMOne in nine women is

    expected to develop breastcancer during her lifetime.

    One in 29 will die of it.

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IN MINUTES News and events — visually Fat Rib cage Nipple Muscle (pectoralis  major) Dilated section (to hold milk) Lobes Ducts October is National Breast Cancer Awareness month SIGNS A lump in the breast Clear or bloody discharge from nipple Change in nipple, like pulling in of the nipple Skin dimpling or changes in skin colour/te xture A typical fullness, or change in shape of breast RISK FACTORS Weight: Being obese or overweight Diet/lifestyle: Lack of physical activity, a diet high in saturated fat and more than two alcoholic drinks per day Family history: A family history of breast cancer — particularly a mother or sister Age: Most women diagnosed are aged 65+ 65+ STAGES    m    o    s     t    s    e    v    e    r    e  Stage 0  5-year survival rate:  100% Abnormal or precancer- ous cells are found in the lining of the milk lobules or ducts. The abnormal cells have not spread into nearby breast tissue. Stage 1  5-year survival rate: 98% Cancer cells have spread into the breast tissue, but not spread beyond the breast. The tumour is no more than 2 cm across. Stage 2  5-year survival rate:  88% The tumour is 2 cm or less and has spread to a small number of lymph nodes, or the tumour is 2-5 cm, but is not at the lymph nodes. Stage 3  5-year survival rate:  56-49% The diameter of the tumour may be smaller or larger than 5 cm, but has spread to the lymph nodes. The nodes start sticking to each other or to the surrounding tissue. Stage 4  5-year survival rate:  16% Regardless of the tumour size, the cancer cells have spread to the lungs, liver, brain, bones or other parts of the body. 23,400 5,300 Estimated number of women in Canada that will be diagnosed with breast cancer in 2011. will die from it 450 On average, number of Canadian women that will be diagnosed with  breast cancer every week. 102 On average, number of Canadian women that will die of breast cancer every week. Percent of  all new cancer cases  in women,  2011 Cancer cells may start within the ducts, which is the most common form (ductal carcinoma) or in the lobules (lobular carcinoma). The facts on breast cancer 28% In the shower With your ngers at, move gently over the breast, using the right hand to examine the left breast and the left hand to check the right breast. Check for lumps, hard knots or thickening. In the mirror Start with your arms by your sides and inspect your breasts. Next, raise your arms overhead — check for any changes: Swelling, dimpling or changes in the nipple. Lastly, rest your palms on your hips and press rmly to ex the chest muscles. Lying down Place a pillow under your right shoulder and put your right arm behind your head. Flatten your left hand and press gently in small circular motions, covering the entire breast; use varying pressure. Squeez e the nipple to check for discharge and lumps. Repeat on the left side. HOW TO DO A BRE AST SELF-EXAM One in nine women is expected to develop breast cancer during her lifetime. One in 29 will die of it.
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