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Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Training Course Reports 50 IOC/IODE - NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and Information Management National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, India 17-27 October 1998 UNESCO
Transcript
Page 1: IOC/IODE/NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

Training Course Reports 50

IOCIODE - NIO Training Course onOceanographic Data and InformationManagement

National Institute of Oceanography Goa India17-27 October 1998

UNESCO

IOC Training Course Report No 50 Page (i)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION 1

2 PARTICIPANTS 1

3 THE COURSE PROGRAMME 1

4 LECTURE NOTES 3

5 COURSE EVALUATION 3

6 CLOSING OF THE SESSION 4

ANNEX I AGENDA AND TIMETABLE

ANNEX II LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND RESOURCE PERSONS

ANNEX III LECTURE NOTES1 Session A Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (PPissierssens)2 Session A IODE Institutional Components and the International Ocean Data System (P Geerders)3 Session A IODE Data Flow and Monitoring Procedures (P Geerders)4 Session A IODE Operational Projects (P Geerders)5 Session A NODC Tasks amp Responsibilities (G Reed)6 Session B Data Information and Metadata (G Reed)7 Session B A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data (G Reed)8 Session C Numerical Vs Textual Databases (MP Tapaswi)9 Session C Distributed Database Management Systems (G Reed)10 Session E Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data (Pankajakshan Thadathil)11 Session E Geographic Information System (GIS) (PD Kunte)12 Session F Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools (A Ghosh)13 Session F HyperText Markup Language (PPissierssens)14 Session F Numerical Databases Over WWW (V Chavan)15 Session F Serving Textual Factual databases on the web (MP Tapaswi)16 Session F Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro (PPissierssens)

ANNEX IV LIST OF ACRONYMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 1

1 INTRODUCTION

During the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) Officers held inGoa India between 10 and 13 February 1998 the National Institute of Oceanography offered to host aregional data management training course for countries in the IOCINDIO (IOC Regional Committee forthe Central Indian Ocean ) region Responding to this kind offer the IOC was able to allocate funds forsupporting travel and accommodation for participants and international resource persons NIO offered tocover local organizational expenses and travel and accommodation expenses for local resource persons

The objectives of the Training Course were

to provide an introduction to and raise awareness for the IODE Programme to familiarize participants with IODE projects and products to provide participants with basic knowledge and experience about data management systems and their

utilization in oceanographic data metadata and information management to provide participants with basic knowledge about new technologies related to serving users with

information and data over the Internet to stimulate intra-regional collaboration in the field of oceanographic data and information

management to provide training to recently established National Oceanographic Data Centres (NODC) and

Designated National Agencies (DNA) to stimulate countries in the region to establish National Oceanographic Data Centres (NODC) or

Designated National Agencies (DNA)

The Course was also used as a second occasion to receive comments and recommendations on theIODE Resource Kit through the draft product ODINEA CD-ROM which was developed during the IOCRegional Training Course in Oceanographic Data Management for the IOCINCWIO region held inMombasa Kenya (1-11December 1997) On the basis of the collected comments and recommendation acomprehensive training tool will be developed to be used during (and after) IODE training courses toensure long-term impact of IODE training activities

The Course was opened on Saturday 17 October at 0900

2 PARTICIPANTS

Eleven participants were selected from 7 countries in the Indian Ocean region (and Western Pacific)namely Bangladesh India Malaysia Mauritius Qatar Sri Lankaand Vietnam Participants were allactively involved in marine science marine services or related specialties Unfortunately the participantsfrom Pakistan and Iran were not able to participate due to late reception of their application by the IOC

A total of 12 resource persons from Australia India The Netherlands and IOC (lecturers and practicalexercise support) participated in the Course

The List of Participants and Resource Persons is provided in Annex II

3 THE COURSE PROGRAMME

The Course Programme attempted to provide an as wide possible overview of the tasks and operationsof National Oceanographic Data Centres and hereby trying to conserve a balance between theoreticallectures and practical exercises within the (short) available timeframe The Course Programme was

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 2

developed jointly between IOC and NIO with IOC selecting the international lecturers and NIO identifyingIndian lecturers and resource persons

The following topics were covered during the Training Course

SESSION 1 THE IODE SYSTEM

lt Introduction to IODE and the IOC Regional Programmeslt The IODE institutional components and the international ocean data systemlt The IODE data flow and monitoring procedureslt IODE Data Products and Operational Projectslt Establishing a National Oceanographic Data Centre

SESSION 2 DATA METADATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

lt New technologies for data acquisition remote sensinglt Global Oceanographic Data Archeology and Rescue (GODAR)lt Marine data management at the RNODC-INDOlt The continuum data metadata and informationlt Metadata management the MEDI Pilot Projectlt Information management the IODE Marine Information Management programme

SESSION 3 DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

lt Advances in database management systems from relational to object-oriented and beyondlt Advances in database management systems distributed database management systemslt Numerical databases vs text-oriented databases

SESSION 4 USING RDBMS IN OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA MANAGEMENT

lt Introduction to Microsoft Accesslt Searching the database introduction to SQLlt Examples of databases and data products GEBCO GLOSS etc

SESSION 5 DATA PROCESSING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

lt Oceanographic Data Exchange formatslt Quality Control Procedureslt Data Processing and statisticslt Data product development tools GIS

SESSION 6 IODE AND THE INTERNET

lt Introduction to the Internetlt Serving information to users over the WWWlt Serving numerical databases to users over the WWWlt Serving textualfactual information databases over the WWW

SESSION 7 SOFTWARE FOR OCEAN DATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

lt The IODE Resource Kit

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 3

lt The IODC NIO CDROMlt The IODE XBT quality control software

A detailed timetable of the course is added as Annex I

4 LECTURE NOTES

In order to provide a clear overview of the wide variety and scope of the Training Course and toprovide an opportunity to those who were not able to participate to share in the many interesting lectureswe are providing some copies (or summaries) of the lectures given during the Course in Annex III

5 COURSE EVALUATION

In order to constantly improve the quality of the IODE training courses participants were requestedto evaluate the lectures in terms of

- the relevance of the lecture to the course objectives- the clarity of the presentation- the quality of the presentation

The most appreciated lectures (gt= 810) in terms of their relevance to the course objectives were

- Introduction to IODE and the IOC Regional Programmes- The continuum data metadata and information- Practical exercise on MEDI- Practical exercise on MS Access amp Practical exercise on SQL- Oceanographic Data Exchange formats- Introduction to the Internet- Practical exercise on HTML- The IODE Resource Kit

The least appreciated lectures (lt= 410) in terms of their relevance to the course objectives were

- IODE Data Products and Operational Projects- Numerical Databases vs text-oriented databases (traditionally interest of data managers for

text-based information management is low)- Web databases (this lecture was considered too theoretical)- Demonstration INODC on INGRES DBMS (it was observed that none of the participants used

the INGRES DBMS and as such relevance was considered as small)- Data Processing and statistics (this lecture was considered too theoretical)- Demonstration ArcView at INODC- Serving numerical databases to users over the WWW (this low score was attributed to the

observation that insufficient time was spent on this subject)

Additional comments provided on the evaluation sheet and during the discussions are summarized asfollows

lt More emphasis should be put on practical exercises

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 4

lt There were too many lectures and lecturerslt In some cases it was regretted that the presentations (slides) were of poor quality Presentations

should be of high qualitylt Presentation hand-outs should be distributed prior to the lecture so participants with language

problems can better preparelt Lecturers should use real-world exampleslt The course should include individual or group projectslt More attention should be given on how to establish an NODC or DNA with special emphasis on

minimum requirements and possibilities for institutions with minimal resources

6 CLOSING OF THE SESSION

During his closing speech Mr Peter Pissierssens on behalf of the IOC Executive Secretarythanked Dr E Desa Director of the National Institute of Oceanography Goa for the substantial supportprovided by NIO which enabled IOC to organize this course He also thanked the lecturers and otherresource persons as well as all NIO staff who had been involved in the excellent support for the trainingcourse

He noted that the IOCINDIO region was still a relatively young regional body which hadregrettably not been very active so far However he stressed that personal contacts established duringtraining courses such as this one are instrumental in generating collaboration and exchange and he invitedthe participants to share their experiences with colleagues back home

Dr JS Sarupria announced that NIO will set up a listserv to enable participants to the trainingcourse to continue communicating and to create a platform which can be used for future collaborationassistance and exchange of experience

In their closing comments on the Course the participants were all unanimous in their highappreciation for the course which they considered as a most useful contribution to their professionalactivities Several participants pledged to contact the relevant authorities in their country to promote theestablishment of a National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) or Designated National Agency (DNA)

Dr E Desa Director NIO invited the participants to visit NIO again and welcomed them to spendsome time at NIO

All participants were provided with a certificate of participation

The IOCIODE - NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange wasclosed on Tuesday 27 October 1998 at 11h00

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 1

ANNEX I

AGENDA AND TIMETABLE

SATURDAY - 17 OCTOBER 19980900 - 0915 REGISTRATION 0915 - 1030 Presentation of the participants1030 - 1100 TEA BREAK

SESSION A IOCIODE SYSTEM (TRAINING HALL)1100 - 1115 Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (P Pissierssens) [ paper presented duringITO98]1115 - 1200 IODE s institutional components and international ocean data system (P Geerders)1200 - 1230 IODE data flow monitoring procedures (P Geerders)1230 - 1300 IODE data products and operational projects (P Geerders)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on ROSCOP forms (Geerders)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1615 Establishing an IODE NODC (G Reed)

SUNDAY - 18 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

MONDAY - 19 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION B DATA METADATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT0925 - 1020 New technology for data acquisition remote sensing data buoys etc (P Geerders)1020 - 1045 GODAR project and achievements (P Geerders)1045 - 1115 The continuum data metadata and information (G Reed)1115 1200 Metadata The MEDI pilot project (GReed)

6(6621amp26()257+(5(672)7+($lt$38amp+2$lt

TUESDAY - 20 OCTOBER 19980930 - 1000 Marine Information Management (Pissierssens)1000 - 1100 Marine data management system at RNODC-INDO (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE Metadata Practical exercise (G Reed) 1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK

SESSION C DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS1400 - 1430 Numerical DBMS vs textual DBMS (MP Tapaswi)1430 - 1500 Advances in DBMS distributed database management systems (G Reed)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 DBMS systems - Database directions (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 2

WEDNESDAY - 21 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION D USING RDBMS IN OCEANOGRAPHY0900 - 1000 Data warehousing (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)1000 - 1100 Web databases (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK

1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access Creating database tables Searching thedatabase (J Pattainak JS Sarupria PPissierssens)

1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1430 Demonstration to other global data sets such as GEBCO etc (PD Kunte)1430 - 1500 Introduction to global data sets and demonstration (CD-ROM - WDC-A etc) (GVReddy)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access self training

THURSDAY - 22 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION E DATA PROCESSING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (TRAINING HALL)0900 - 1000 Oceanographic data exchange formats (JS Sarupria)1000 - 1100 Quality control procedures (T Pankajakshan)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1200 Data product development tools (GIS etc) (PD Kunte)1200 - 1300 Visit to IODC (Demonstration use of INGRES DBMS (L Ratnakaran) and ArcView GIS

(J Pattanaik))1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on MS Access amp SQL1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1730 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)

FRIDAY - 23 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION F IODE AND THE WWW0900 - 1000 Data processing tools interpolation interpolation etc (R Mahadevan)1000 - 1045 The Internet - Introduction Evolution and Tools (A Ghosh)1045 - 1115 TEA BREAK1115 - 1145 Serving information to users over the WWW HTML (PPissierssens)1145 - 1200 Serving numerical databases over the WWW (V Chavan)1200 - 1300 Serving textualfactual database over the WWW (MP Tapaswi PPissierssens)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on HTML1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)1630 1700 The IODC NIO CDROM Demo (PD Kunte)

SATURDAY - 24 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAYSUNDAY - 25 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 3

MONDAY - 26 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION G SOFTWARE FOR OCEAN DATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT (IODC)0900 - 1100 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on format conversion (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 1230 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit)(PPissierssens)1230 - 1300 Library visit (Tapaswi)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit) continued1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 The IODE XBT quality control software demo (Pankajakshan)1630 - 1730 Evaluation of the Training course

TUESDAY - 27 OCTOBER 1998

0930 - 1100 Discussions on evaluation and receommendations1100 CLOSING CEREMONY (SEMINAR HALL)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 1

ANNEX II

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND RESOURCE PERSONS

A PARTICIPANTS

Mr Mohamed Said Al MohanadiMarine Science DepartmentUniversity of QatarPO Box 2713 DohaQATARFax (974) 892135Email alshoqeriqueduqa

Mr Thilakasiri MendisOceanography Division of NARAMattakkuliya Colombo 15SRI LANKAFax (94) 1522 932 or (94) 1522 699Email jayasirinaraaclk

Dr Trinh The HieuInstitute of Oceanography01 Canada - NhatrangVIETNAMFax (84 58) 881 152Email haiduongdngvnnvn

Ms Nasreen Islam KhanAssistant ProfessorDept of Geography amp EnvironmentDhaka University - 1000BANGLADESHFax (880 2) 86 55 83Email nasreengegduccagnicom Nasreen_ikhanyahoocom geographydubanglanet

Lt Cdr Zaharuddin MaideenHydrographic DirectorateRoyal Malaysian Navy Ministry of DefenceJalan padang Tembak 50634 Kuala LumpurMALAYSIATel 603-2313700Fax 603 2987972Email zahalintmnetmy

Mr Goonasilan SoopramaniaMauritius Meteorological ServicesVacoasMAURITIUSFax (230) 686 1033Email meteointernetmu

Cdr A BhushanNaval Hydrographic OfficePost Box No 75 107-A Rajpur RoadDEHRADUN - 248 001 INDIAFax 0091 (135) 748373

Shri MM Malleswara RaoNational Institute of OceanographyRegional Centre176 Lawsons Bay ColonyVISAKHAPATNAM - 530 017 INDIAFax 0891-543595Email mmmraokadalinioorg

Lt Cdr IN JobINS HansaGOA - 403 802 INDIAEmail simulatebom2vsnlnetinTel 0834-51 8441

Lt TP MahatoNational Hydrographic SchoolCo Heaquarters Goa Naval AreaVasco-da-GamaGOA - 403 802 INDIAFax 0834 - 513419Tel 0834 - 51395051 Extn 242344347Email nhsgoabom2vsnlnetin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 2

B RESOURCE PERSONS

Mr Vishwas ChavanScientistCentre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyUppal RoadHYDERABAD - 500 007 INDIATel +91-40-7172241Fax +91-40-7171195Email vishwasyahoocom vishccmbarpnicin

Ir Paul GeerdersConsultant amp training on remote sensing amp data management for marine and coastal applicationsKobaltpad 16 3402 JL IJsselsteinTHE NETHERLANDSFax 31 (30) 688 49 42Email pgconswxsnl

Mr Aravind Ghosh KScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email garvindcsniorennicin garvinddaryanioorg

Prof R MahadevanScientific AdvisorNational Institute of Ocean TechnologyIIT Madras CampusMADRAS - 600 036 INDIAEmail devansamratnioternetin

Mr Peter PissierssensProgramme Specialist IODEMIMIntergovernrmental OceanographicCommission of UNESCO1 rue Miollis75732 Paris Cedex 15FRANCEFax 33 145685812Tel 33 145684046Email ppissierssensunescoorg

Mr GV ReddyScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email reddycsniorennicin reddydaryanioorg

Dr Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data CentreMaritime Headquarters Wylde StPotts Point NSW 2011AUSTRALIAFax + 612 9359 3120Email gregaodcgovauTel + 612 9359 3141

Prof P SadanandanAssociate DirectorNational Centre for Software Technology6th Floor Main Tower Visvesvaraya CentreDr BR Ambedkar VeedhiBANGALORE - 560 001 INDIAEmail psncsternetinFax 286 2531

Mr JS SarupriaHead Data amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email sarujsdaryanioorg sarujscsniorennicin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 1

ANNEX III LECTURE NOTES

LIST OF ATTACHED LECTURE NOTES

1 Session A Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (PPissierssens)2 Session A IODE Institutional Components and the International Ocean Data System (P Geerders)3 Session A IODE Data Flow and Monitoring Procedures (P Geerders)4 Session A IODE Operational Projects (P Geerders)5 Session A NODC Tasks amp Responsibilities (G Reed)6 Session B Data Information and Metadata (G Reed)7 Session B A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data (G Reed)8 Session C Numerical Vs Textual Databases (MP Tapaswi)9 Session C Distributed Database Management Systems (G Reed)10 Session E Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data (Pankajakshan Thadathil)11 Session E Geographic Information System (GIS) (PD Kunte)12 Session F Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools (A Ghosh)13 Session F HyperText Markup Language (PPissierssens)14 Session F Numerical Databases Over WWW (V Chavan)15 Session F Serving Textual Factual databases on the web (MP Tapaswi)16 Session F Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro (PPissierssens)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 2

1 INTRODUCTION TO IODE amp IOC REGIONAL POLICY(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

URZLQJWRZDUGVDURZLQJWRZDUGVDQHZHUDQHZHUD

Slide 2

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

2(ltHVWHUGD2(7RGD2(7RPRUURZ

In order to address the question lsquowhat will IODE be tomorrowrsquo we first need to look atIODE yesterday and IODE today

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 3

Slide 3

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ampUHDWLRQ2amp

IODE History

Going back 37 years IODE is one of the oldest IOC programmes established in 1961The IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission) is a part of UNESCO Therelationship with UNESCO is a bit more complicated than that because although IOCis part of UNESCO it has its own governing bodies an assembly and executive councilIOC also has its own Member States which are sometimes different from the UNESCOMember States (eg the United States are a Member State of IOC but not of UNESCO)Currently the IOC has 126 Member States

Slide 4

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC

What is unique about the IOC is that it is the ONLY United Nations body that dealsONLY with the Oceans Many other UN agencies have activities related to the Oceansbut the Oceans are only part of their mandatesometimes peripheral The IOC deals onlywith the Oceans

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 4

Slide 5

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

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5HJLRQDO3URJUDPPHV

IOC Activities

Slide 6

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC Regional Programmes

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 5

Slide 7

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Milestones1956-59 International Geophysical Year Established WDCs

for Oceanography amp Marine Geology amp Geophysics1960 IOC Establishment

Oct 1961 Establishment of a Working group on Exchangeof Oceanographic Data Call on Member States toestablish national data centres

1965 Publication of the first edition of the IODE Manual

1973 Establishment of the IODE Working Committee withnew Terms of Reference

OctNov 77 Established Joint IOC-WMO IGOSS Committee

1979 Publication of the first issue of the MEDI Catalogue

1970s Operation of the RNODC pilot scheme

1978-90s Development of the GF3 format amp publication ofGF3 Manual (6 volumes) Establishment of theRNODC for GF3 at ICES Headquarters

1981 RNODC scheme becomes operational

1987 IODE becomes the International Oceanographic Data ampInformation Exchange System (acronym has beenretained)

1988 Launching the GTSPP project

1990 Publication of the GTSPP Manual

Nov 90 OceanPC project approved for implementation

1991 Publication of the revised version of the IODE Manualjointly with ICSU Panel on WDCs

1992 Launching GOOS

Feb 92 Ocean Climate Data Workshop

Dec 92 Adoption of the IODE data management policy

1993 GODAR project approved for implementation

1993 Publication of the OceanPC software amp Manual

1993 Publication of the third edition of the MEDI Catalogue

1994 GEBCO CD-ROM

1995 World Ocean Atlas 94 set of CD-ROMs

Mar 95 Think Tank Meeting

1996 Publication of the IGOSS-IODE Data ManagementStrategy in support of GOOS

May 1996 Workshop on Manag of Biological amp ChemicalData

1996 GTSPP amp GLOSS CD-ROMs

1996 IODE Home Page on WWW server

IODE has also been one of the most active programmes of the IOC I am showingyou a list of IODE milestones I will not even try to go through all of these

Slide 8

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Objectives

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The IODE has been established with the objective to enhance marine researchexploration and development by facilitating the exchange of oceanographic dataand information between participating Member States

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 6

Slide 9

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE StructurebulllsquoPhysicalrsquo Structure

bullWorld Data Centre OceanographybullNational Oceanographic Data Centre or DesignatedNational Agency (NODC DNA)bullResponsible NODC (RNODC)

bulllsquoOrganizationalrsquo StructurebullIODE CommitteebullIODE OfficersbullIODE Groups of Experts (GE-)

bulllsquoOperationalrsquo Structurebulldata flow

Now let us have a look at the structure of the IODE system We can distinguish threetypes of structure1- the physical structure2- the organizational structure3- the operational structure

1- physical structure here we have to remember that the IODE system wasdeveloped in a time when there was no Internet Physical structures therefore had tobe built in a centralized manner we had world data centres national oceanographicdata centres and responsible NODCs (I am coming back to these individually in amoment)2- organizational structure in order to develop maintain and manage the systemIODE set up an IODE Committee appointed IODE Officers and brought together a number of Groups of Experts3- operational structure defining the data flow

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 7

Slide 10

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 72$lt

56 Data centres in 53 countries

Looking at the physical structure during its 37 years of existence the IODE systemhas been able to set up 56 national data centres (including NODCs and DNAs) in 53countries - Oceanography

There are 56 National Oceanographic Data Centres Designated National Agenciesand World Data Centre (Oceanography) in 53 countries Argentina Australia BrazilBulgaria Canada Chile Peoplersquos Republic of China Colombia Republic of CroatiaEcuador Arab Republic of Egypt Finland France Germany Ghana GreeceGuatemala Guineacutee Iceland India Islamic Republic of Iran Ireland Italy JapanKenya Peoples Democratic Republic of Korea Republic of Korea MalaysiaMexico Morocco Netherlands Nigeria Norway Pakistan Peru PhilippinesPoland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Seychelles South Africa SpainSweden United Republic of Tanzania Trinidad amp Tobago Turkey Ukraine UnitedKingdom United States of America Uruguay Venezuela VietnamNone in Mauritius Qatar Bangladesh

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 8

Slide 11

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Centre Tasks

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Letrsquos look at the Data Centre tasksA National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) willbull acquire process quality control inventory archive and disseminate data in

accordance with national responsibilitiesbull be responsible for conducting international exchangebull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are

exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data andsubmit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography orRNODC

bull provide ocean datainformation in a usable form to a wide user communitybull participate in meetings of IODESome Member States that have not established an NODC have instead identifiedDesignated National Agencies (DNAs)NODC can receive data or inventory information from the WDCs for Oceanographyor RNODCs

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 9

Slide 12

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

WDCs 86$5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ

ampKLQD

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bull USA Russian Federation Chinabull Receive amp archive oceanographic data amp inventories from NODCs RNODCs

marine science organizations and individual scientistsbull provide data inventories and publications to NODCs DNAs to RNODCs amp to

international co-operative programmesbull Monitor performance IODE system

Slide 13

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

RNODCs

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A special case is the RNODC They are NODCs which have also accepted someadditional responsibilities These can be to deal with specific data types eg driftingbuoys data marine pollution data etcor they can take responsibility for specific geographic regions eg Southern OceansIndian Ocean (such as the IODC) Western Pacific etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 10

Slide 14

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Organization 2(ampRPPLWWHHplusmn +HDGV12ampV2(2IILFHUV

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2(URXSVRI([SHUWVplusmn (00(7$(

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Letrsquos proceed with the Organizational structureFirst of all we have an IODE Committee This is composed of representatives fromeach data centre and of course also the IODE officersThe IODE officers include a Chairman and Vice-Chairman elected by the Committee(the current Chairman is Ben Searle who is with us this week) Officers also includethe Chairpersons of the Groups of Experts and the Heads of the 3 WDCsWe also have Groups of Experts For specific areas within the mandate of IODE theCommittee has established Groups of Experts As the name implies these Groupsare composed of experts They are people identified by their own country following arequest from the IOC secretariat They then meet at regular periods (every 2-3 years)to discuss specific issues They often prepare action plans and carry outprogrammesOne example is the GE-MIM of which we have a member here ie MrMurari TapaswiFinally we have a few task teams These deal with specific topics and usually have alimited lifespan

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 11

Slide 15

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Ships Moorings Satellites

NationalInstitutions

USERSUSERS

NODCDNA

RNODC

WDC-Oceanogr

USERS

USERS

IODE Data Flow

Just a few words about the operational structure ie the data flow In this verysimplified diagram you can see how data flow through the IODE system

Slide 16

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Policy )XOODQGRSHQVKDULQJ )UHHRUORZFRVWGDWDVHUYLFHV DWDDYDLODEOHZLWKLQHDUDIWHUFROOHFWLRQ

DWDDUFKLYLQJFRPPLWPHQW $SSO6WDQGDUGV

Full and open sharingFree or low-cost data servicesData available within 1 year after collectionData archiving commitmentApply Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 12

Slide 17

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

The Continuum

DWD0HWDGDWDQIRUPDWLRQ KRRHVKDW

Now through the years a giant distinction has been made between datamanagement on one side (numerical data) and information management on theother side (textual information) Rarely would these two meet However in the pastfew years a new creature (or so it seems) has surfaced ie meta data TextualInformation describing Numerical Data and data sets We therefore need to considerthese three as a continuum

Slide 18

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Types

0DULQH+GURORJLFDO 0DULQHHRORJLFDOHRSKVLFDO 0DULQHampKHPLFDO 0DULQH3ROOXWLRQ 5HPRWH6HQVLQJQHZ 0DULQHLRORJLFDOQHZ

Data Management data typesIODE deals with a wide variety of data types

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 13

Slide 19

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Activities

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQWplusmnOREDO76332662$5PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGV4ampFRRUGLQDWLRQZLWKRWKHUDJHQFLHV

plusmn5HJLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSKLFDWDDQGQIRUPDWLRQ1HWZRUNIRU$IULFD21$)5amp$

plusmnampDSDFLWEXLOGLQJ

Are data centres just archives of data No although many started out that waymany data centres now produce data productsGEBCO many other examples around us this week

Slide 20

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

6WDQGDUGVIRU0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

HYHORSPHQWRI001HWZRUNVLQGHYHORSLQJUHJLRQV

OREDOLUHFWRURI0DULQHDQG)UHVKZDWHU3URIHVVLRQDOV

2FHDQ3LORWGDWDEDVH

0DULQH0HWDGDWD0DQDJHPHQW6VWHP0(

0DULQHLEOLRJUDSKLF7RROVampRRSHUDWLRQLQ$6)$

ampRRSHUDWLRQZLWK$06ampDQGLWVUHJLRQDOJURXSV

QIRUPDWLRQ7HFKQRORJNQRZKRZVKDULQJ

IODE Activities

Standards library management systems (eg software) standards for directory typedatabases monitoring of technological advancements for information exchange suchas ILLMIM networks RECOSCIX-WIO -CEA GLODIR OceanPilot MEDI ASFA

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 14

Slide 21

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Capacity Building

$VVLVWDQFHGHYHORSPHQWRI12ampV 7UDLQLQJDQG(GXFDWLRQ microGDWDPDQDJHPHQWIDPLOpara

Assistance the IOC assists member states that wish to set up national datamanagement infrastructure by sending experts (from within the system) to assessthe national situation discuss options and assist with the planningTraining and Education training courses and workshops at national or regional level(next week) Eg these can be organized following the mission I just mentionedNew NODCs are welcomed into the data management family more mature NODCsaccept internships from newly established NODCs for periods of 2-3 months Most ofthe time the NODCs donrsquot charge for this assistance although it must be consideredas on-the-job training IOC provides the air ticket and living expensesNew strategy training and education should be organized within project frameworkabandon one-hit training activities without follow-up (eg ODINAFRICA)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 15

Slide 22

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Sharing

12ampVSURGXFWDQGVHUYLFHGHYHORSPHQW

6KDULQJRIUHVRXUFHV

WE have all witnessed the wide variety of products and services developed in manyof the NODCs present here with us

Slide 23

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 7202552

RZHVHUYHRXUFXVWRPHUVKRDUHRXUFXVWRPHUV

Do we serve our customers First who are our customers

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 16

Slide 24

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE UserCommunities

HIRUHVFLHQWLVWV 1RZDQGWRPRUURZplusmnVFLHQWLVWVplusmnLQGXVWUJRYHUQPHQWplusmnGHFLVLRQSROLFPDNHUV

Yesterday and today mainly scientistsToday and tomorrow

Slide 25

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Datarequirements

2SHUDWLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSK 2(GHODHGPRGHKLJKTXDOLW4amp

5HDOWLPH02paraV266

The new customers will increasingly want lsquooperational oceanographyrsquo dataTraditionally IODE deals with delayed-mode data often cruise based The IODEsystemrsquos major added value is the quality control mechanism set up throughout theIODE systemA programme which is much more aimed at real-time data management is theWMOrsquos Integratedl Global Ocean Services System IGOSSTo get the both of both worlds IODE and IGOSS are therefore growing closer to eachother

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 17

Slide 26

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODE

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQW([FKDQJH0LVVLRQ6WDWHPHQW

0DULQHDWD([FKDQJHDQG0DQDJHPHQW2EMHFWLYH

This has led to the drafting of joint IGOSSIODE Marine Data Management andExchange Statement which says that

Slide 27

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEMission Statement

sup3266DQG2(ZLOOFRQWLQXHHIIRUWVLQJDLQLQJDUHSXWDWLRQIRUH[FHOOHQFHLQWKHPDQDJHPHQWDQGSURFHVVLQJRIPDULQHGDWDDQGLQWKHJHQHUDWLRQDQGGLVWULEXWLRQRIGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQDQGSURGXFWVWKURXJKDZHOOVXSSRUWHGVFLHQFHHQGRUVHGKLJKOIRFXVVHGDQGWHFKQLFDOOFRPSHWHQWGLVWULEXWHGJURXSRIGDWDFHQWUHVDQGUHODWHGDJHQFLHVacute

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 18

Slide 28

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEObjective

sup37RFUHDWHDQLQWHJUDWHGDQGWHFKQRORJLFDOODGYDQFHGGDWDPDQDJHPHQWSURFHVVLQJDQGGLVWULEXWLRQVVWHPLQRUGHUWRPHHWWKHQHHGVRIWKHLQWHUQDWLRQDOPDULQHLQFO226DQGPHWHRURORJLFDOFRPPXQLWLHVFRPSDWLEOHZLWKamp26GDWDPDQDJHPHQWVVWHPDQGLQSDUWLFXODUVXSSRUWLQJWKHGHFLVLRQPDNLQJSURFHVVRIQDWLRQDOJRYHUQPHQWVLQGHWHUPLQLQJHQYLURQPHQWDOOVXVWDLQDEOHGHYHORSPHQWSROLFacute

Slide 29

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEGoals

0DNHFROOHFWHGGDWDDYDLODEOHWRZLGHVWUDQJHRIXVHUV

ampUHDWHGLVWULEXWHGGDWDQHWZRUN 3URYLGHSURGXFWV 3URYLGHTXDOLWFRQWUROPHFKDQLVPV

Add Regional and global marine related programmes are seen as major customersfor both IGOSS and IODE data management and exchange capabilities This is inaddition to the more traditional needs of supporting national interests

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 19

Slide 30

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

Cruise orientation

Platformlsquosystemrsquo approach

There will thus be a major and fundamental change in IODE The main data streamswill result from lsquopermanentrsquo monitoring activities rather than from the traditional lsquoadhocrsquo research cruise Of course the cruise based data streams will still exist and willremain very important

Slide 31

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

IGOSS

IODEGOOS

Data management data distribution and provision of products are key result areasfor GOOS In fact what is GOOSGOOS is conceived as

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 20

Slide 32

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

What is GOOS

DVXVWDLQHGFRRUGLQDWHGLQWHUQDWLRQDOVVWHPIRUJDWKHULQJGDWDDERXWWKHRFHDQVDQGVHDV

DVVWHPIRUSURFHVVLQJVXFKGDWDZLWKRWKHUUHOHYDQWGDWDIURPRWKHUGRPDLQVWRHQDEOHWKHJHQHUDWLRQRIEHQHILFLDODQDOWLFDODQGSURJQRVWLFHQYLURQPHQWDOLQIRUPDWLRQVHUYLFHV

hellip created by the IOC Assembly in 1991

Slide 33

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

GOOS Objectives

6SHFLIGDWDQHHGHGEXVHUVRIRFHDQHQYLURQPHQW

GHYHORSVWUDWHJIRUJDWKHULQJDQGH[FKDQJHRIGDWD

IDFLOLWDWHSURGXFWGHYHORSPHQW IDFLOLWDWHDFFHVVEGHYFRXQWULHV HQVXUH226LQWHJUDWLRQLQJOREDOVWUDWHJLHV

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 21

Slide 34

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

End-to-End DataManagement

3UHSDUHIRU226(7(0FRQFHSWXVHGE7633

The ETEDM implies a known or definable pathway of connections between a basicobservational element and the end use or purpose to which the observation isapplied Typically each type of observation has a range of potential applications andmost applications need more than one observation type So in designing a system toserve a given range of end-uses it is important to know how the observation will beused processed and combined with other observations to deliver and observationalproduct of value to the end userThe ETED concept is already used by GTSPP (global temperature and salinityprofile program) operated jointly by IGOSS and IODE GTSPP uses a continuouslymanaged database to provide for the integration of the real-time (low resolution) datastream with the delayed mode (generally high resolution) data stream

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 22

Slide 35

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

CRUISE

Low-resreal-timeIGOSS

helliphellip

Lab work

IODE system

helliphellipHigh-resdelayed-modeIODE

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

Slide 36

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

real-time helliphellip

Monitoring activity

IODE system

helliphellipQC flags

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

But here the concept of the cruise will be replaced with a specific monitoring activityat the instrument or system level

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 23

Slide 37

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM goals

DWDPDQDJHPHQWVHQVRU 4ampPHWDGDWD LQWHJUDWLRQUHDOWLPHGHODHGPRGH LQFUHDVHFRRUGLQDWLRQGDWDFHQWUHV VLPSOLIPHUJLQJORFDOGDWDVHWV GHYHORSFRQWLQXRXVOXSGDWHGGE VXSSRUWPHUJHRFHDQLFDWPRVSKHULFWHUUHVWULDOGDWD226amp26726

hellipmove the data management closer to the sensorsupport quality control of ocean data and retain all available metadataintegrate real-time and delayed mode data and information processingincrease coordination between data centres and promote the sharing of datasoftware and responsibilities between centressimplify merging local data sets to form global data sets anddevelop a continuously updated databasesupport merge oceanic with atmospheric amp terrestrial data to link GOOS with WWWGCOS GTOS and Distributed Data Base

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 24

Slide 38

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Where are wetoday

2662(amp65PHWDGDWD0(7633FRQWLQXRXVOPDQDJHGGE

ampKDOOHQJHEXLOGRQWKLVPRGHO

What has been done today

IGOSSIODE use cruise summary reportsWe have the Marine Environmental Data Inventory (MEDI) which has been given anew lease of life through efforts by the AODC and BODCAnd we have the continuously managed database of GTSPP monitoring the captureof real-time and their transmission around the worldThe challenge for the IGOSSIODE tandem is therefore to build on this modelimproving the linkages removing bottlenecks caused by duplication or data formatincompatibility problems and develop capabilities (eg establishing new data centres)through capacity building

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 25

Slide 39

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

) H[WHQVLYHQHWZRUNRIGDWDFHQWUHV

IUHHIORZRIGDWD JOREDOQHWZRUNRIH[SHUWLVH

PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGVSURGXFWV

87 QRVWDQGDUGWUDLQLQJWRRONLW

QRJOREDOVWDQGDUGIRUPDWIRUGDWDH[FKDQJH

YROXQWHHUZRUNRQO

Successes andShortcomings

Readadd volunteer work The fact that we deal with volunteer work has the advantagethat we can access a tremendous amount of know how For example whenever wehold group of experts meetings or we organize the IODE Officers or IODECommittee meeting extremely fascinating issues are discussed often it the reallytechnical level However although we then draft really interesting workplans theday-to-day duties of the experts make that progress is very slow We do really needan implementation mechanism such as the one proposed by Ben SearleThe fact that we donrsquot have a standard training toolkit is really an impediment to thedevelopment of new data centres

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 26

2 IODE INSTITUTIONAL COMPONENTS AND THEINTERNATIONAL OCEAN DATA SYSTEM(P Geerders)

Slide 1

1P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Institutional Components and theInternational Ocean Data System

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

2P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE ObjectivesThe International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) system has been

established in 1961 to

enhance marine research exploration and development by facilitating the exchange ofoceanographic data and information between participating Member States

Rationale

ocean basin and global processes

availability of an international exchange system to provide data and information from allavailable sources

local processes

access to data collected by other Member States in their area of interest

The economic benefit of obtaining data by exchange as opposed to collecting it oneself ishuge

Critical succes factors

support of participating Member States

involvement of many individual institutions and marine scientists

contribution of data and the necessary expertise to maintain and further develop the IODEsystem

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 27

Slide 3

3P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE provides

bull an infrastructure a network not only ofpeople but also physcial eg through theInternet (E-mail Web Sites FTP)

bull tools such as procedures and guidelines forinformation and data handling (submissionof planned research completed researchavailable datasets publications formats forexchange and archival)

bull services such as information datareferral advice and assistance

potential commercial value of information and data needs to be kept in mind

Slide 4

4P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network

bull managed and guided by committee underIOC of UNESCO

bull maintains close links with otherintergovernmental and international bodies(UN WMO UNEP EC IAEA IMOFAO )

bull focuses on scientific aspects butincreasingly also supports management ofthe marine and coastal environment and itsresources

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 28

Slide 5

5P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network consists of

bull WDCrsquos World Data Centres (SilverSpring-USA Moscow-Russia Tianjin-China)

bull NODCrsquos National Oceanographic DataCentres (56 around the world)

bull RNODCrsquos Responsible NODCrsquos (10)

Slide 6

6P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of WDC

bull receive oceanographic data and inventories from NODCs RNODCs marine science organizations and individual scientists These data are collected and submitted voluntarily from national programmes or arise from international co-operative ventures

bull provide copies of data inventories and publications to NODCsDNAs to RNODCs and to international co-operative programmes as appropriate in exchange or with a charge not to exceed the cost of providing the service

bull monitor the performance of the international data exchange system and report their findings to the IOC Secretariat and the C-IODE The Committee can use this information to take appropriate action to correct deficiencies in the international exchange system

NOTE In general the exchange of internationally significant data holdings and data inventory information between WDCs for Oceanography and their counterparts is expected to take place on a regular basis without charge in order to keep the data holdings of the Centres identical

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 29

Slide 7

7P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of NODC

bull centralized facility bull providing ocean datainformation bull on a continuing basis bull in a usable form bull to a wide user community bull acquires processes quality controls inventories archives and disseminates data in accordance with national responsibilities bull normally charged with the responsibility for conducting international exchange bull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data and submit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography or RNODC bull can request and receive from the WDCs for Oceanography or RNODCs similar data or inventory information which they need for their own (national) requirements

Some Member States that have not established an NODC have instead officially assigned the responsibility of international exchange of oceanographic data and information to a Designated National Agency (DNA)

Slide 8

8P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of RNODC

Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centres are National Oceanographic Data Centres who have accepted additional special responsibilities These can include specific data types (eg Drifting Buoys data) or specific regions (eg Southern Oceans)

RNODC-SOC (Southern Oceans)

RNODC for Drifting Buoys Data

RNODC for IGOSS (BATHY and TESAC)

RNODCS for MARPOLMON

RNODC for WESTPAC (Western Pacific)

RNODC for Waves

RNODC for JASIN

RNODC - Formats

RNODC - ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 30

Slide 9

9P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE committee work done by

bull Groups of Experts

[meet periodically continuous activity]

bull Task Teams

[work only by correspondence worklimited in time]

bull Plenary Session (about every 2-3 years)

[representatives of WDCrsquos NODCrsquos andRNODCrsquos with observers of relatedorganisations]

SEE IODE HANDBOOK

Slide 10

10P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Activities

Marine Data Management

Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue Project (GODAR)

Oceanographic Data and Information Network for Africa (ODINAFRICA)

Marine Information Management

Development of Standards for Marine Information Management

Development of Marine Information Management Networks in developingregions

Development of Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) Scientists

Development of Ocean Pilot database

Development of Marine Metadata Management System

Development of Marine Bibliographic Tools Cooperation in ASFA

Cooperation with IAMSLIC and its regional groups

Information Technology know-how sharing

Development Electronic Information Services

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 31

Slide 11

11P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Tools for

METADATA MANAGEMENT

Blue Pages

Irish EDMED

DATA MANAGEMENT

ArcExplorer

ATLAST

OceanPC

ROSWin

SURFER

Slide 12

12P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODErsquos Data and Information Sources

IODE helps you to find

bull marine scientists and institutions (GLODIR)

bull marine science related web sites (OceanPilot)

bull marine science related Internet discussion lists (ListServs)

bull information on marine science related conferences and meetings

bull what does an abbreviation (acronym) stand for (OceanAcronyms)

bull a scientific publication (bibliography)

bull marine science libraries (IDALIC)

bull useful websites (Training amp Tools KnowHow-KnowNow)

bull ocean data (Datasets)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 32

Slide 13

13P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Training Tools

IODE Resource Kit

middot specific methods tools and systems (principally concerned with databases and software) that can be applied to all types of coastal programs middot a broad suite of training and orientation services middot the web version is a demonstration model of the full version which is being made available on CD-ROM

KnowHow-KnowNow

In this quick referral section you will find places to go when you need know-how to carry out marine information or marine data related tasks

Data amp Information Management Tools

middot specific marine data or marine information management methodology and technology middot information on a wide variety of software tools where to get information how much they cost middot in some cases the software tools are available from our server In other cases we provide links to the author or company that distributessells the product

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 33

3 IODE DATA FLOW AND MONITORING PROCEDURES(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Data Flow and MonitoringProcedures

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

Phases of a data acquisition activity

bull planning =gt DNPNOP

bull completion =gt ROSCOP

bull pre-processing =gt QAQC

bull processing =gt MEDIBlue Pages

bull interpretation

bull publication =gt ASFAASFIS

bull archival

bull exchange =gt IODE network

data access conditionsbull free and open sharingbull at no or low costbull available lt 1 year after collectionbull commitment for permanent archivalbull application of standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 34

4 IODE OPERATIONAL PROJECTS(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Operational Projects

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

IODE Projects

bull GTSPP Global Temperature and SalinityProject

bull IGOSS Integrated Global Ocean ServicesSystem (with WMO)

bull GOOS Global Ocean Observing System

bull GODAR Global Ocean Data Archeologyand Rescue Project

bull QC Quality Control Manual

bull periodic training opportunities ininformation and data management

bull advice on and assistance with informationand data management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 35

Slide 3

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 3

GODAR Project and Achievements

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 4

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 4

IODE GODAR project

GODAR - WHAT IS GODAR

IOCrsquos GLOBAL OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA ARCHAEOLOGY AND RESCUE PROJECT

GODAR - WHY

bull fundamental importance and value of the databull risk of being lost to future usebull for compilation of global oceanographic databases

GODAR - AIMS

bull digitisation of data which is still in manuscript formbull archival of the data at two or more international data centres in digital formbull compilation of catalogues (inventories) of

- data now available only in manuscript form - data now available only in analogue form - digital data not presently available

bull making all data accessible on various media including CD-ROMs

GODAR - WHICH DATA HAS PRIORITY

bull hydrographic casts including all chemical and biological observations bull salinity-conductivity temperature-depth casts bull expendable bathythermograph casts bull mechanical bathythermograph casts

GODAR - RESULTS AT PRESENT

bull atlasesbull technical reports bull workshop reports (5)bull CD-ROMrsquos

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 36

Slide 5

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 5

New technology for data acquisitionRemote Sensing

Data Buoys

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 6

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 6

New technologies

some examples

bull Remote Sensing from aircraft and fromspace

bull Automated Systems on data buoys andremote fixed platforms

bull ADCP

bull towed ondulating systems

common aspects

bull high spatial coverage andor

bull high temporal coverage but mostly

bull non-standard output products

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 37

Slide 7

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 7

Common system elements

bull transducer (from geophysical variable to electronic variablecurrent voltage frequency)

bull digitising (from analogue to digital form)

bull multiplexing (combine several datastreams into one)

bull recording (record data on board for later transmission orretrieval)

bull transmission (transmission of full datastream to receivingcentre)

bull reception (reception of transmitted datastream)

bull de-multiplexing (separation of data from differentsensorstransducers)

bull pre-processing (translation of data into geophysical units andquality control)

bull processing (conversion into required format includingcomputation of averages etc)

bull presentation (display of the data in various forms and formatsfor specific applications)

bull archival (permanent or semi-permanent archival of the data)

bull distribution (to users and applications)

Slide 8

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 8

Some aspects of Remote Sensing

bull 3 windowsvisible 400-800 nm =gt colour

infrared 1-100 micron =gt temperature

microwaves 1-100 cm =gt ldquowaterstructurerdquo

bull passive versus active techniques

bull platformssatellite (geostationary or polar orbit)

aircraft

high towers or locations

bull sensors and their data structure

radiometers =gt point data

scanners =gt line data

CCD matrix =gt image

Synthetic aperture =gt image

bull product generation requires

field data for calibration and validation

atmospheric correction (espvisible and infrared)

algorithm to translate RS data into relevant geophysical parameter

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 38

6 Data Information and Metadata(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Data Information and MetadataData Information and Data Information and MetadataMetadata

Slide 2

2

Data and InformationData and InformationData and Information

bull Data is the raw material

bull The raw material is processed

bull The result is information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 39

Slide 3

3

An Information SystemAn Information SystemAn Information System

bull An information system is defined as a set of rules usedto process data and convert it into information

bull The information system processes the raw data isuseful people

bull The relationship between data and information is oftensummarised in the Input-Process-Output Model

Input Process Output

Slide 4

4

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

ldquo Data ManagementData Management is the process of planning

coordinating and controlling an organisations

datardquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 40

Slide 5

5

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

bull Data management is a philosophy ofndash managing data as an organisational resource

ndash treating data as an important sharable resource

bull Data management is the mechanism for deliveringinformation to decision makers

Slide 6

6

Data ManagementData ManagementData Management

bull The scope of data management ranges from dataacquisition to the production of some kind of output

bull Data management covers the storage transporttransformation combination aggregation of data andmaking it available to those who need it and have theright to access it

bull Data management ends when data becomesinformation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 41

Slide 7

7

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

bull ldquoInformation about datardquo

bull Metadata describes the content quality condition andother characteristics of data

bull Not the actual dataset itself

Slide 8

8

Example of MetadataExample ofExample of Metadata Metadata

bull A library cataloguendash Title of book

ndash Author

ndash Publication date

ndash Unique reference number

ndash Where to find it

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 42

Slide 9

9

Importance of MetadataImportance ofImportance of Metadata Metadata

bull Provides a means to discover that a dataset exists andhow it can be accessed

bull Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

bull Makes data more accessible

bull Reduces duplication of data collection

Slide 10

10

Metadata for Marine DataMetadataMetadata for Marine Data for Marine Data

Metadata elements include

bull Identificationndash name of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

bull Data qualityndash positional and attribute accuracy completeness

bull Distributionndash who holds the data formats and media

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 43

Slide 11

11

Two different approaches

bull Comprehensive definition of data elements to definemetadata including data transfer

bull Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

Metadata StandardsMetadataMetadata Standards Standards

Slide 12

12

bull Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)ndash standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

ndash lengthy

ndash compliance is difficult to achieve

ndash terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 44

Slide 13

13

bull International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)ndash draft international standard for metadata

ndash defines 2 levels of compliance

Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required touniquely identify a dataset

ndash title responsible party date language abstract purposeprogress extent keywords use constraints spatial referencesystem distribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe adataset

ndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citationinformation

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

Slide 14

14

bull Australia New Zealand Land Information Council(ANZLIC)ndash uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

ndash Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

ndash Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

ndash Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 45

Slide 15

15

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Slide 16

16

IODE and MetadataIODE and IODE and MetadataMetadata

bullbull MEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationMEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationReferral SystemReferral System

bull MEDI Objectives ldquoMEDI will provide the marine community with referrals

concerning the availability location andcharacteristics of marine environmental data to meettheir specific needsrdquo (1979)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 46

Slide 17

17

MEDI CatalogueMEDI CatalogueMEDI Catalogue

bull First published in 1979 - contained 86 datasetdescriptions from 40 institutions in 20 countries

bull Second edition published in 1985 - contained 219datasets from 64 institutions in 32 countries

bull Third edition published in 1993 - contained 247datasets from 40 institutions in 27 countries

bull All three editions were made available in printedformat only (as IOC Manual and Guides)

Slide 18

18

MEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot Project

bull 15th Session of IODE (1996) recommended thesetting up of a pilot project to ldquoTest ways and means of applying modern technology to

the further development of the MEDI system and on thebasis of these investigations to draft a specification fora revised MEDIrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 47

Slide 19

19

Existing Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata Systems

bull Review of three marine metadata directory systemshas been undertakenndash European Directory of Marine Environmental Data

(EDMED)

ndash Marine amp Coastal Data Directory of Australia (BluePages)

ndash Extended EDMED for Ireland

bull Similar structure for all these directories - only minorvariations

Slide 20

20

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryTheThe Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory

bull Main function is management of marine metadata

bull Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

bull Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadata guidelines

bull Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 48

Slide 21

21

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 22

22

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 49

Slide 23

23

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software

bull Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

bull Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

bull Two versions of the softwarendash compiled version requires MS Access 7 licence7

ndash run-time version does not require MS Access

bull Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 50

7 A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

1International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

A Metadata Directory System forMarine Data

A Metadata Directory System forA Metadata Directory System forMarine DataMarine Data

Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data Centre

Slide 2

2International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

Data about data

Metadata describes the content quality conditionand other characteristics of data

Not the actual dataset itself

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 51

Slide 3

3International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Example of MetadataExample of MetadataExample of Metadata

A library catalogue Title of book

Author

Publication date

Unique reference number

Where to find it

Slide 4

4International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Importance of MetadataImportance of MetadataImportance of Metadata

Provides a means to discover that a dataset existsand how it can be accessed

Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

Makes data more accessible

Reduces duplication of data collection

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 52

Slide 5

5International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata elements include

Identificationname of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

Data qualitypositional and attribute accuracy completeness

Distributionwho holds the data formats and media

Slide 6

6International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata StandardsMetadata StandardsMetadata Standards

Two different approaches

Comprehensive definition of data elements todefine metadata including data transfer

Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 53

Slide 7

7International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

lengthy

compliance is difficult to achieve

terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Slide 8

8International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)draft international standard for metadata (Geographic

Information - 15046 Part 15 Metadata)

defines 2 levels of compliance Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required to uniquely

identify a datasetndash title responsible party date language abstract purpose progress

extent keywords use constraints spatial reference systemdistribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe a datasetndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citation

information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 54

Slide 9

9International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards Australia New Zealand Land Information Council

(ANZLIC)uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Slide 10

10International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 55

Slide 11

11International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Directories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine Data

A successful Marine Data Directory must becomplete

easy to use

reliable

Should contain enough information for a user todetermine the suitability of a dataset

Slide 12

12International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory Main function is management of marine metadata

Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadataguidelines

Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 56

Slide 13

13International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 14

14International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 57

Slide 15

15International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

Two versions of the softwarecompiled version requires MS Access 7 licence

run-time version does not require MS Access

Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

Slide 16

16International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

ConclusionConclusionConclusion

Metadata is fundamental - not incidental

Metadata directories should contain sufficient detailfor users to identify suitable datasets

Metadata directories containing only core metadataelements are easier to populate and maintain

Ease of use and flexible search tools are essential toencourage use of metadata directories

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 58

8 Numerical Vs Textual Databases(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Numerical Vs TextualDatabases

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

DBMS

bull Structured information storage amp retrievalsoftware

bull Initially came into being for handling ofnumerical data like

rArr Stores inventory controlrArr Salary management

rArr Accountancy etc

bull Notable examples of well known softwares Dbase FoxPro Access

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 59

Slide 3

TEXTUAL DBMS

bull Deal with data whose major constituent istext

bull Offer many features normally found inword processing softwares

rArr Cut - PasterArr Insert - Replace moderArr Cursor movement

bull by arrow keysbull word by wordbull to beginning amp end of the field

rArr Delete field contents from cursor positiononwards or whole field

Slide 4

bull Handle fields of varying length

rArr Optimal utilization of HD space

rArr Freedom for defining maximum length of afield

rArr Freedom of defining databases for complexstructure

rArr Linking two records from same database

rArr Storage of data in ISO - 2709 format

textual DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 60

Slide 5

rArr Conglomerate date elements of singleconcept under one roof (field) keepingtheir identity

rArr Generate indexes on the desiredsubfields only

bull Offer repeatable field facility

rArrTo accommodate data elements of thesame field occurring more than once

bull Offer sub-field facility

textual DBMS

Slide 6

DATA ENTRY

bull Support multiple data entry worksheets

bull Automatically recall of last modifiedrecord or search result(s) for editing

bull Control characters for filing informationand search term delimiters

rArr using lt gt within the data fields

bull Scrolling fields for data entry of longerelements

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 61

Slide 7

bull Pick-list assistance for data withstandard structure

bull Help messages to assist data entry

data entry

Slide 8

DISPLAY FORMATS

bull Multiple display formats

bull Line break at word level

bull Data display formats to includecommands which produce

rArr Data (contents of given field)

rArr Actions (skipping to new line leavingblank lines amp columns lower - uppercase etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 62

Slide 9

rArr Numerical

rArr String

rArr Boolean

rArr String function help to link two records todisplay data as if it is from single record

bull Support different type of expressionsamp functions

display formats

Slide 10

bull Allow escape sequences to printdata in bold italics etc

bull Sorted output

display formats

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 63

Slide 11

DATA INVERSION INDEXING

bull Use of single index to allow search fora given term in any field

bull Index on

rArr Whole field

rArr Specific subfield(s) of a field

rArr Words in a field

rArr Phrases

Slide 12

bull Index terms for efficient retrievalbacked up by efficient index notingrArr Record number

rArr Field of occurrence

rArr Occurrence number

rArr Sequence number

bull lsquoStopwordrsquo file to prevent indexing ofwords not likely to be searched (like aan the or not and their these etc)

data inversion

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 64

Slide 13

SEARCH

bull Search expressions based onBoolean algebra consisting of searchoperators OR AND NOT

bull Search expressions built onrArr Precise terms (words phrases numbers

etc)

rArr Right truncated terms

rArr lsquoAnyrsquo terms (a collective term standing forset of predefined search terms)

Slide 14

bull Field level and proximity searchoperatorsrArr Same field

rArr All repeatable fields as single field (G)

rArr Within a single repeatable field (F)

rArr Terms within the field not longer than lsquonrsquowords apart (eg AhellipB (maximum twowords between A amp B)

rArr Terms within the field exact lsquonrsquo wordsapart (eg A$$B (exactly one word apart)

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 65

Slide 15

bull Parenthesis for expressive syntax

bull Specified field or group of fields inwhich the term to appear (egA(350 351)

bull Free text search for fields notindexed beyond Boolean logic

bull Display of searched results indesired format

search

Slide 16

bull Search byrArr Typing search expression

rArr Picking up terms from the dictionary(indexed list of terms)

rArr Recalling previous search expression (andediting if required)

rArr Recalling previous search set

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 66

Slide 17

bull Sort and print retrieved records indesired format

bull The desired format can be predefinedor to be defined for case specific

RETRIEVAL

Slide 18

bull Printing to support page layoutparameters required for a particularprint runrArr Headings sub-headings

rArr Page numbers or no page number

rArr Number of columns

rArr Line width column width

rArr Lines page

rArr End of column tolerance

rArr Data indention

retrieval

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 67

Slide 19

DATA TRANSFER ANDPROGRAMMING

bull Import amp export records from toother databases

bull Take backup

bull Programming with high levellanguages with additional library ofcertain functions and procedures

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 68

9 Distributed Database Management Systems(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Distributed Database ManagementSystems

Distributed Database ManagementDistributed Database ManagementSystemsSystems

Slide 2

2

BackgroundBackgroundBackground

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 69

Slide 3

3

What is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database System

bull A distributed database (DDB) is a collection ofmultiple logically interrelated databases distributedover a computer network

bull A distributed database management system (D-DBMS)is the software that manages the DDB and provides anaccess mechanism that makes the distributiontransparent to the users

bull Distributed database system (DDBS)=DDB+D-DBMS

Slide 4

4

Centralised DBMS on a NetworkCentralised Centralised DBMS on a NetworkDBMS on a Network

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 70

Slide 5

5

Distributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS Environment

Slide 6

6

Distributed DBMSDistributed DBMSDistributed DBMS

bull A DBMS manages data stored on several computers(usually geographically distributed) through variouscommunication media (usually networks)

bull Types of transactionsndash Local Transaction accesses data only at one site which

it was submitted

ndash Global Transaction Accesses data either at differentsite than the submission site or accesses data at severalsites

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 71

Slide 7

7

Applications of DDBSApplications of DDBSApplications of DDBS

bull Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)

bull Airlines

bull Hotel chains

bull Corporate MIS

bull Military command and control

bull Any organisation which has a decentralisedorganisation structure

Slide 8

8

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Data sharingndash users at one site can easily access data at other sites

bull Greater availabilityndash failure at one site does not mean that the whole

database is unavailable

bull Autonomy of operation and control of local datandash reduces problems of data management and data access

to local component of DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 72

Slide 9

9

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Ease of reconfiguration and extensionndash new databases and processors can be added to the

network without changing existing systems

bull Lower costsndash smaller computers can be used at each site

Slide 10

10

Disadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBS

bull Complexityndash network architecture

bull Costndash additional hardware required communication costs

bull Distribution of controlndash no one persondepartment in control

bull Lack of experiencendash need specialised skills to implement and run

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 73

Slide 11

11

Network ArchitectureNetwork ArchitectureNetwork Architecture

bull Specifies how sites in the system are connected toeach otherndash fully connected

ndash tree

ndash star

ndash ring

ndash partially connected

bull Network typesndash LAN - local area network

ndash WAN - wide area network

Slide 12

12

Distributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS Architecture

bull autonomy - the degree to which the DBMSs ateach site have control over their operation

bull distribution - the degree towhich the database isdistributed

bull heterogeneity - the degreeto which the DBMSs ateach site are different

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 74

Slide 13

13

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replicationndash stores a relation at two or more sites

bull Advantagesndash availability

bull Disadvantagesndash increased overhead on update

Slide 14

14

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull horizontal

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 75

Slide 15

15

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull vertical

Slide 16

16

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replication and fragmentation

bull combination of the two

bull fragments can be replicated

bull replicates can be fragmented

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 76

Slide 17

17

Network TransparencyNetwork TransparencyNetwork Transparency

Transparency

bull the degree to which users can remain unaware of thedetails of the design of the distributed system

Goal

bull to maximise transparency so that users view thedistributed database as a single database

Slide 18

18

Distributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query Processing

The distributed database should look like a singledatabase to users (transparency)

bull a query may require data from several sites

bull factors to considerndash cost of data transmission

ndash reliability of data communications

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 77

10 Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data(Pankajakshan Thadathil Goa India)

Slide 1

Quality and Quality Control ofOceanographic Data

Pankajakshan ThadathilRNODC-INDO

National Institute ofOceanography

Dona Paula Goa

Slide 2

ldquo Oceanographic data is like an infant Unless care is taken it issusceptible to injuries ( errors) However unlike infants data is

immortal Once it is collected it remains as a source ofinformation for everrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 78

Slide 3

Data Collection preparation

Instruments CalibrationReagents Preparation etc H - Factor

Different Stages Sources of Errors Human ( H) Non -H facor

Data Collection Instrument Mulfunctions N-H Factor

Data RecordingDegitisation of Analougeto digital parallelax errorerror in analysis etc

H and N-H

Data TransferFrom hard copy to computerfrom remote sensors to receiving stationrsquos computer

H and N-H

Slide 4

Errors in general can be classified as

Random Errorand

Systematic Error

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 79

Slide 5

General Quality Checks Involved in Oceanographic Data

Inventory Level Checks

Position Datetime Vessel Speed Duplicateand Sounding

Data Level Checks

Visual Inspection Range Check Climatology CheckInversion Check Neighbourhood Check Spikes Stability Check Depth Reversal Duplicate etc

Slide 6

Typical Random and Systemtic Error

bull Random error = (St Dev Sq rt of No Obs )

bull Systematic Error = Bias

26 27 28 29 30 31 32Bucket SST ( C )

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

CTD

- S

ST

( C

)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 80

Slide 7

Vertical Profile

Vertical Section

Horizontal Distribution

Data - Level Check

Visual Inspection

Surface Transient

Spikes Fall Rate

Temperature Inversion

Neighbourhood

Climatology Nub

Wire StretchWire Break

Assignment ofQuality Code

IODC XBT

Data Base

XBT Data

Inventory-level Check

Position

Duplicates

Date-Time

Vessel Speed

Station Sounding

Quality Control Module

Visualisation

An Interactive System for XBT QualityControl and Visualisation

Slide 8

IGOOS Quality Codes

0 No Quality Control ( QC) has been performed on this element1 QC has been performed Element appears to be correct2 QC has been performed Element appears to be inconsistent with other elements3 QC has been performed Element appears to be doubtful4 QC has been performed Element appears to be erroneous5 The value has been changed as a result of QC6 7 and 8 Reserved9 The value of the element is missing

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 81

11 Geographic Information System (GIS)(PD Kunte NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Data Product Development Tools

Pravin D Kunte

e-mail kuntecsniorennicinData amp Information Div

National Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa - 403 004

Geographic Information System (GIS)

Slide 2

Geographic Information System

is a suit of hardware amp software which has capability to handle bothspatial and Non-spatial data concurrently

Four Major components are

bull Database Module bull Analysis Modulebull Presentation Modulebull Capture Module

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 82

Slide 3

G I S Data types and Modules

Geographic data

Physical DimensionGeographic locationAny Qualifying data

ATTRIBUTE DATA -- Qualifies Spatial dataSPATIAL DATA -- Physical Dimension amp Location

Geometric Entities Point line Polygon

Representation of Data VECTOR Vs RASTER

Slide 4

DATA CAPTURE

bullKey board entrybullManual digitizationbullAutomated input

bullImporting ImagesbullImporting DatabullVoice Input

Steps in Data Inputting

1 a) Digitizing Operation b) Auto Scanning (Point or stream mode)2 Import data from other sources 1 Projection 2) Scale3 Raster amp Vector

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 83

Slide 5

G I S DATABASE DESIGN

ATTRIBUTE DATABASE CREATION

Conceptual DesignbullApplication RequirementsbullEnd-utilization GoalsbullTarget Users

Logical DesignbullDatabase specificationbullDatabase ElementsbullDatabase StructurebullDatabase updation procedure

Physical Design Hardware Software requirements

G I S Package Dependent -----

||

Slide 6

SPATIAL DATABASE CREATION

bullDefine reference point and extent for study sitebullCreate Map in Polyconic UnitbullDigitize Theme from Thematic databullEdit and Topology BuildingbullCheck for ErrorsbullCreate separate Themes hellip Theme1 Theme2 etcbullAssociate other Attributes if anyhellipbullTheme ready for Analysis

Define Relation between Spatial and Non-Spatial data

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 84

Slide 7

SPATIAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES

Overlay Operations in Raster amp Vector based System

1 Feature Combination ---- Union amp Intersect

2 Feature Extraction --- Erase --- Clip ampSplit

3 Feature Combination amp Extraction 1 Update 2 Indentity3 Proximity Aggregation4 Spatial Aggregation5 Generalization

Slide 8

MODELING IN G I S

Modeling is a process of doing a systematic and logicalenquiry of the data for establishing the relationshipsbetween the variables

1 Methodological Models How a desired function could be workedout wing different operations in a sequen-tial or in a logically related manner

2 Mathematical Model1 Binary models using nominal variables2 Weighting models at an ordinal level3 Quantitative models using intervals amp ratio

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 85

Slide 9

QUERIES IN G I S

All Kinds of S Q L Queries at following three levels

1 Point mode2 line mode3 Polygon mode

Three levels of Queries

1 Logical 2 Spatio-logical 3 Model base

Slide 10

3 D IN G I S

Digital Surface Modeling (DSM) encompasses task like Understanding of Surface Characteristics

bullD S M GenerationbullD S M analysis for derivativesbullD S M Application

The Derivatives Obtained arebull3D visualization of SurfacebullPlanner derivatives like slops aspects ranges etcbullSpot heights amp surface distances

Applicationbull3D display of bottom topographybullCut amp Fill estimationsbullComparisons of different terrain

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 86

Slide 11

NET WORKING IN G I S

Network is a set of connected lines which are conduitsfor resources movement and are connected to each other at nodes

Elements are

1 Lines 2 Resistance 3 Resource demand 4 Turns5 Stops 6 Facility - Point 7 Blocks

Applications of Networking

1 Path determination 2 Resource allocation3 Distribution analysis 4 Utility locating

Slide 12

G I S can be used in numerous wayshellip

-- for processing amp integrating spatial data-- archiving amp managing data-- for displaying amp generating thematic maps-- for building scenarios-- for predicting impacts-- to simulate amp animate operations amp processes

and also to develop models to represent REALlife situation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 87

Slide 13

G I S in Oceanography

Oceanography being a multidisciplinary study ofdynamic media within which various processes takeplace and interact over a wide range of space and timehas tremendous potential

State-of-the-art

ASFA indicates only 55 studies in Oceanography as comparedto over 2000 land-based application

Out of 55 studies --- 1 63 (35) studies pertain to coast2 16 ( 9) Near shore region3 9 (5) Open Ocean

Slide 14

G I S in Oceanography

Hurdles

1 GIS are designed and built for land application

2 Limited availability of good quality data of temporal nature and uniform density coverage

3 Diversified parameters lat-long time season depth

4 Relatively less physical objects few topo features

5 Media is highly volatile dynamic complex 4 dimensional

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 88

Slide 15

Thanks

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 89

12 Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools(A Ghosh NIO Goa India)

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2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started

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1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agencies1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agenciesto strengthen NSFNETto strengthen NSFNET

April 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPSApril 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 91

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Title Header

Content starts here

Content stops here

Tell the browser that webpage ends

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 106

Slide 5

5

HyperText Markup Language

UHVVLQJLWXS VWDUWDWWULEXWH VWRSDWWULEXWH S QHZSDUDJUDSK GHIDXOW EU QHZOLQH KU KRUL]RQWDOUXOH

Slide 6

6

HTML Header Styles

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

31RUPDO

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 107

Slide 7

7

HTML Attributes

31RUPDO

3ROG

3WDOLFV

Slide 8

8

HTMLColor

3)217amp225 ))7KLVOLQHLVUHG)217

3)217amp225 ampamp7KLVOLQHLVJUHHQ)217)))) HOORZ

ampamp SXUSOH

)) EOXH

EODFN

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 108

Slide 9

9

HTML Lists

2

QXPEHUHGOLVWOLQH)217

QXPEHUHGOLVWOLQH)217

2

8

EXOOHWHGOLVWOLQH)217

EXOOHWHGOLVWOLQH)217

8

Ordered list

Un-Ordered list

Slide 10

10

HTML Alignment

3$1 ULJKW7KLVLVULJKWDOLJQHG

amp(17(57KLVLVFHQWHUDOLJQHGamp(17(5

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 109

Slide 11

11

HTML Tables

7$(25(5

7573FROXPQURZ773FROXPQURZ775

757

3FROXPQURZ773FROXPQURZ7757$(

Border size

New row

New column

Slide 12

12

7$(25(5 7+ 7577+ 31U777+ 3HVFULSWLRQ7757577+ 3777+ 3VDPSOLQJDWKDUERXU7757577+ 3777+ 3VDPSOLQJDWEXR7757577+ 3777+ 3VDPSOLQJDWVDQGEDQN7757$(

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 110

Slide 13

13

HTML Hyperlink

3$+5() SHUVRQDOBSDJHKWPampOLFNKHUHWRYLVLWPSHUVRQDOSDJH$

3$+5() KWWSLRFXQHVFRRUJGHIDXOWKWPampOLFNKHUH$WRYLVLWWKH2ampKRPHSDJH

CLICK

Slide 14

14

HTML including images

)UDSKLFVQWHUFKDQJH)RUPDW -3VKRUWIRU-3(-RLQW3KRWRJUDSK([SHUWVUDSKLFV065amp acuteLPDJHVLRVPJLI

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 111

Slide 15

15

Website managers

Slide 16

16

Frontpage Editor

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 112

Slide 17

17

Time to try

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 113

14 Numerical Databases Over WWW(V Chavan CMMB Hyderabad India)

Slide 1

Numerical Databases OverWWW

Vishwas ChavanScientist

Centre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyHyderabad India

Slide 2

Databases over Web Approaches

db files to flatascii files Import and Host Live Connectivity

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 114

Slide 3

Flat ascii files on WWW

Oceanline ver 10 Publications ver 10

Slide 4

Oceanline ver 10 OCEANLINE is an online public access catalogue of books monographs

technical reports conference proceedings maps and atlases etcavailable at NIO Library

Files in Oceanline HTML files in varwwwhtdocsOceanline 1indexhtml is the main page

2classearchhtml allows you to perform search Oceanlineaccording to the variou classes

CGI scripts in varwwwcgi-binOceanline 1For the main search

fsearchcgi performs the start search nsearchcgi performs the search for next set of matches psearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches 2For the search according to classes

fclassearchcgi performs the start search nclassearchcgi performs the search for next set of

matches pclassearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 115

Slide 5

Oceanline ver 10 DATA files in varwwwhtdocsOceanlinedata

Category Data file All areas totiso BooksMonographs biso Standards ciso Maps amp Atlases giso Conf preceedings Volumes kiso Dictionaries liso Numerics amp tables niso Technical Reports riso Thesis uiso Bibliographies amp Abstracts ziso isisfdt is the field tags identification file To add new data to Oceanline use the following commands at the prompt 1 cp olddataiso tempiso 2 cat newdataiso tempiso gtolddataiso 3 rm tempiso

Slide 6

Import and Host

Stores db - FoxPro Import to Lotus 123 Fetch into Notes Document base Host on WWW through Domino Server

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 116

Slide 7

Live Connectivity

mSQL MS ACCESS ORACLE

Slide 8

mSQL

Manthan ver 10 Daryavardi ver 10 Animalia ver 10

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 117

Slide 9

Manthan ver 10

Directory-based search engine forOceanographic information over theweb

Implemented using msql has adatabase called rsquomanthanrsquo and has asingle table called rsquoman1rsquo

Database = manthan Table = man1

Slide 10

Manthan ver 10

In varwwwhtdocsmanthanindexhtml is the main pageman1puthtml allows you to add records to manthan database

editmanhtml can be used to edit the records already entered in the databaseocnlnkshtml lists some oceanography and marine related sites on the web

manthanhtml gives mythological background of samudra manthanAbout_Manthanhtml this document

Lite scripts are in samudraHugheswwwmanthan

man1inhtml for accepting data into the databaseman1outhtml for querying the database

man1edthtml for editing the recordsman1uphtml for updating the records

showallhtml displays all records in the database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 118

Slide 11

Manthan ver 10

Database is in samudraHughesmsqldbmanthan and has following filesman1dat is the main data fileman1def is field definition file

man1idx index field fileman1idx-url_in is the main index file

Slide 12

MS ACCESS

Plantae ver 10Win NT (Server Version) - 40Internet Information Server (IIS) ver 30 - Web

ServerMS-Accessrsquo97 (ver 80) - Database Active Server Pages (ASP) - Scripting language

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 119

Slide 13

ORACLE

SPMIS at CCMBWorkgroup version of Oracle 80 as RDBMS

MS Visual Basic 60 as front endActiveX controls (OLE controls) facilitate

visualization of Visual Basic application onWWW

ActiveX controls are in-built with MS VisualBasic 60

Slide 14

Thank You

Have a HappyData Management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 120

15 Serving Textual Factual databases on the web(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Serving Textual Factualdatabases on the web

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

TEXTUAL FACTUALDATABASES

bull Primary resources

rArr Living resources eg Flora Fauna(taxonomic morphological distribution gene-banks etc)

rArr Non-living resources eg Geographicallyreferenced databases (satellite images ofphysiography temperature salinity etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 121

Slide 3

Textual Factual databases

bull Secondary resourcesrArr Metadata Catalogue of cruise tracks

sampling stations etcrArr Human institutional Personnel directory

research projects job opportunities etcrArr Bibliographic OPAC published literaturerArr Links to websites Related institutions

Electronic journals Full text documentsetc

Slide 4

Textual Factual databases

bull Tertiary resources

rArr Socio-economic resources Policyinstruments treaties Fish marketinformation Exporters Importers etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 122

Slide 5

KEY ITEMS

bull Databasebull Search retrieve and display software

(CGI)bull User interface (HTML pages)

Slide 6

DATABASE

bull Structured information in any formbull Reliable databull Sizeable number of recordsbull Frequency of updatebull Multimedia component

rArr Graphics JPEG GIF files of pictures and filmclippings

rArr Audio clippings 5 minutes audio capturedat22 kHz in 16 bit stereo - 5mb WAV or AUfiles

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 123

Slide 7

AUDIO CLIPPING FREEWARE

bull Real Audio Encoder(httpwwwrealcom) to generatecompressed RA files from WAV and AU

bull For best results install Real Audio Playerplug on the users browser

bull HTTP streaming to enable reasonable fastloading of audio files to the clientmachines

bull Real Audio Streaming server High Costs

Slide 8

SEARCH RETRIEVE ANDDISPLAY INTERFACE

bull Dictionary of keywords termsrArr Keywords from all fields specific field

bull Open search expressionsbull Boolean logicbull Ideal to retain information about previoustransactionsrArr Use of lsquoInput Type Hiddenrsquo feature supported

by HTML and to carry the details of queryterms in HTML forms through the searchsession

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 124

Slide 9

Search retrieve anddisplay interfacebull Search on index files pointing to

appropriate records in the database forretrieval

bull Programs linked to HTML search formsas well as HTML output for display

Slide 10

USER INTERFACE (HTMLpages)

bull Home page

rArr Less than 32 k size HTML filerArr Column structure than full screenrArr Use of frames feature supported by

HTML to divide screen in two partsrArr Left part Table of contents

rArr Right part Information page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 125

Slide 11

User interface (HTMLpages) Table of contents

bull Introduction to database (origin purposeownership copyrights updating frequencyetc)

bull Overview (contents building searchstrategy charges for search and retrieval ifany contact for further support etc)

bull Data entry formbull Data display Presentation formatsbull Access to databasebull List of previous search sets in current

session

Slide 12

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

rArr Database title subtitle logorArr Other related products (product on

other media subsets etc)rArr Ownership (Developers funding

agency software)rArr Navigator choice and screen

resolution

bull Opening page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 126

Slide 13

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Search tools

rArr Broad group of data-setsrArr Keywords Term indexrArr Geographical co-ordinates

bull Menu items

rArr Pointers to last screenrArr Next screenrArr Sources starting with letters rArr Buttons for submission cancellation

Slide 14

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Display formats

rArr Indicative informativerArr Graphics film cliprArr Audio background

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 127

16 Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

102498 PPissierssens IOC 1

Dynamic Database publishingusing Filemaker Pro

Slide 2

102498 PPissierssens IOC 2

Step 1 create your database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 128

Slide 3

102498 PPissierssens IOC 3

Step 11 populate your database

Slide 4

102498 PPissierssens IOC 4

Step 2 create the html pages

bull Strategyndash online create new record

ndash online edit record

ndash online search recordLetrsquos do this

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 129

Slide 5

102498 PPissierssens IOC 5

Writing the html pages

bull Defaulthtm

bull Searchhtm

bull Search_resultshtm

search_resultshtm

searchhtm

defaulthtm

Slide 6

102498 PPissierssens IOC 6

Writing the html pages

HIDXOWKWPltA HREF=FMPro-db=testdbFP3amp-lay=webamp

-format=searchhtmamp-viewgtSearch the DatabaseltAgt

database Layout to use

Output format action

ACTION

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 130

Slide 7

102498 PPissierssens IOC 7

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step1 the actionsltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=postgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=testdbfp3gt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=search_resultshtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=search_errorhtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=surnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=firstnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=countrygt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-max VALUE=20gtltPgt

Slide 8

102498 PPissierssens IOC 8

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step 2 the search formSurname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgt ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgt Firstname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=17gtltPgtJob TitleltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_title VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtJob Type ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtOrganization ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=organization VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtTypeltBgtltIgt ltIgtltBgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=organization_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtCity ltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=city VALUE= SIZE=22gtltFONTgtltPgtCountryltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=eqgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=country VALUE= SIZE=23gtltFONTgtltPgtActivities ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=activities VALUE= SIZE=58gtltPgt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 131

Slide 9

102498 PPissierssens IOC 9

Writing the html pages

6HDUFKKWP - step 3 the action buttons

ltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=AND checked=gtMatch all words between fields (AND)ltBRgtltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=ORgtMatch any words between fields (OR)

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-Find VALUE=Start SearchgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgt

Slide 10

102498 PPissierssens IOC 10

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKBUHVXOWVKWP[FMP-RECORD]Name[FMP-FIELD Title] [FMP-FIELD firstname]

[FMP-FIELD middle_name]ltBgt [FMP-FIELD surname]ltBgtltPgtGender[FMP-FIELD gender]ltBRgt Degrees[FMP-FIELD degree]ltBRgt Job Title[FMP-FIELD job_title]ltBRgt

Job Type [FMP-FIELD job_type]ltBRgt Organizationampnbsp [FMP-FIELD organization]ltBRgt Organization type [FMP-FIELD organization_type]ltBRgt Departmentampnbsp[FMP-FIELD department]ltBRgt

Address [FMP-FIELD street_address]ltBRgt City [FMP-FIELD city]ltBRgt Country [FMP-FIELD country]ltBRgt Activities [FMP-FIELD activities]ltPgt

[FMP-RECORD]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 132

Slide 11

102498 PPissierssens IOC 11

The queryHttpscppi591testdbFmPro-DB=testdbfp3amp-Lay=webamp-

format=search_resultshtmamp-error=search_errorhtmamp-SortField=surnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=firstnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=countryamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-max=20amp-op=bwampsurname=amp-op=bwampfirstname=amp-op=bwampjob_title=amp-op=bwampjob_type=amp-op=bwamporganization=amp-op=bwamporganization_type=amp-op=bwampcity=amp-op=eqampcountry=indiaamp-op=bwampactivities=amp-lop=ANDamp-Find=Start+Search

ampOLHQW DWDEDVHform

Filled form

query

resulthtml

HEVHUYHU

Slide 12

102498 PPissierssens IOC 12

The resultndash Search Results

Displaying records 1 through 12 of 12 records found

Name Mr Narayan BHASKARGendermaleDegreesMaster of Fisheries Science (MFSc) Bachelor of Fisheries Science (BFSc)Job TitleScientistJob Type ResearchOrganization Central Food Technological Research InstituteOrganization typeDepartment Meat Fish and Poultry TechnologyAddressCity MysoreCountry IndiaActivities 1 Have worked on incidence of bacteria of public health significance in the cultured shrimpsPenaeus monodonduring both the farming and harvest phases 2 Have worked on the shelflife and quality characteristics of the shrimpPenaeus indicus during ice storage 3 Is associated with the study on the food and feeding habits of the shrimpParapeaeopsis stylifera 4 Has worked on the preservation of salted-dried mackerel(Rastrelliger kanagurta Cuvier) usingfilm forming gums 5 Is associated with the study on the extension of shelf life of seer and mackerel steaks using lacticfermentation 6 Has studied the biochemical aspects of the underutilised crustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepaLatreille) from the point of view of processing 7Recently I have proposed projects on the isolation and characterisation oftransglutaminase from the Indian fishcrustacean species for the production of surimi Utilisation of the underutilisedcrustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepa Latreille) for producing value added products evaluation of cultured and wildcaught Indian major carps for the incidence of bacteria of public health significance

[end of this record]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 133

Slide 13

102498 PPissierssens IOC 13

Creating a new record

Step 1 QHZKWP

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE= SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE= SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=30gt

continue here for other fieldsUserID ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=userid VALUE= SIZE=30gtPassword ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=password VALUE= SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME= -New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to next StepgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Slide 14

102498 PPissierssens IOC 14

Creating a new record

bull Step 2 QHZBUHSOKWP

A record has been added to the database

lta href=ldquodefaulthtmrdquogtGo back to menultagt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 134

Slide 15

102498 PPissierssens IOC 15

Editing a recordbull OPTION 1 without security

ndash include field for unique identifierndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull OPTION 2 with securityndash Verify userid and passwordndash list entries for that userID and passwordndash allow selection of record to editndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull TRY

Slide 16

102498 PPissierssens IOC 16

Editing a record

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE=[FMP-Field title] SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE=[FMP-Field firstname]

SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE=[FMP-Field

middle_name] SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE=[FMP-Field surname] SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to nextStepgt

ltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Current value

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 135

Slide 17

102498 PPissierssens IOC 17

Error[FMP-IF CurrentErroreq 509]

Required Value ErrorSorry required information is missing Please check your submission and try again

[FMP-ELSE]

New Record Error

There was an error adding a record to the database Please check your

submission and try again - amp91 ERR[FMP-CURRENTERROR]amp93

ampnbsp

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

Error codes

500 Date value does not meet validation entry options

501 Time value does not meet validation entry options

502 Number value does not meet validation entry options

503 Value in field does not meet range validation entry options

504 Value in field does not meet unique value validation entry options

505 Value in field failed existing value validation test

506 Value in field is not a member value of the validation entry option value list

507 Value in field failed calculation test of validation entry option

508 Value in field failed query value test of validation entry option

509 Field requires a valid value

[FMP-IF]

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

[end of report]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex IV - page 1

ANNEX IV

LIST OF ACRONYMS

ASFA Aquatic Science and Fisheries AbstractsCD-ROM Compact Disk ndash Read Only MemoryDNA Designated National AgencyGEBCO General Bathymetric Chart of the OceansGE-MIM Group of Experts on Marine Information ManagementGIS Geographic Information SystemGLODIR Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) ProfessionalsGLOSS Global Sea Level Observing SystemGOOS Global Ocean Observing SystemGODAR Global Oceanographic Data Archeology and RescueGTSPP Global Temperature and Salinity Profile ProgrammeIGOSS Integrated Global Ocean Services SystemIOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (of UNESCO)IOCINCWIO IOC Regional Committee for the Co-operative Investigation in the North and Central

Western Indian OceanIOCINDIO IOC Regional Committee for the Central Indian OceanIODE International Oceanographic Data and Information ExchangeMEDI Marine Metadata Management SystemNIO National Institute of Oceanography (India)NODC National Oceanographic Data CentreODINEA Oceanographic Data and Information NetworkODINAFRICA Oceanographic Data and Information Network for AfricaRNODC-MEDI Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centre ndash MEDIWDC-A World Data Centre-AWWW World-Wide Web

  • Contents
Page 2: IOC/IODE/NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and

IOC Training Course Report No 50 Page (i)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION 1

2 PARTICIPANTS 1

3 THE COURSE PROGRAMME 1

4 LECTURE NOTES 3

5 COURSE EVALUATION 3

6 CLOSING OF THE SESSION 4

ANNEX I AGENDA AND TIMETABLE

ANNEX II LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND RESOURCE PERSONS

ANNEX III LECTURE NOTES1 Session A Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (PPissierssens)2 Session A IODE Institutional Components and the International Ocean Data System (P Geerders)3 Session A IODE Data Flow and Monitoring Procedures (P Geerders)4 Session A IODE Operational Projects (P Geerders)5 Session A NODC Tasks amp Responsibilities (G Reed)6 Session B Data Information and Metadata (G Reed)7 Session B A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data (G Reed)8 Session C Numerical Vs Textual Databases (MP Tapaswi)9 Session C Distributed Database Management Systems (G Reed)10 Session E Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data (Pankajakshan Thadathil)11 Session E Geographic Information System (GIS) (PD Kunte)12 Session F Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools (A Ghosh)13 Session F HyperText Markup Language (PPissierssens)14 Session F Numerical Databases Over WWW (V Chavan)15 Session F Serving Textual Factual databases on the web (MP Tapaswi)16 Session F Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro (PPissierssens)

ANNEX IV LIST OF ACRONYMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 1

1 INTRODUCTION

During the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) Officers held inGoa India between 10 and 13 February 1998 the National Institute of Oceanography offered to host aregional data management training course for countries in the IOCINDIO (IOC Regional Committee forthe Central Indian Ocean ) region Responding to this kind offer the IOC was able to allocate funds forsupporting travel and accommodation for participants and international resource persons NIO offered tocover local organizational expenses and travel and accommodation expenses for local resource persons

The objectives of the Training Course were

to provide an introduction to and raise awareness for the IODE Programme to familiarize participants with IODE projects and products to provide participants with basic knowledge and experience about data management systems and their

utilization in oceanographic data metadata and information management to provide participants with basic knowledge about new technologies related to serving users with

information and data over the Internet to stimulate intra-regional collaboration in the field of oceanographic data and information

management to provide training to recently established National Oceanographic Data Centres (NODC) and

Designated National Agencies (DNA) to stimulate countries in the region to establish National Oceanographic Data Centres (NODC) or

Designated National Agencies (DNA)

The Course was also used as a second occasion to receive comments and recommendations on theIODE Resource Kit through the draft product ODINEA CD-ROM which was developed during the IOCRegional Training Course in Oceanographic Data Management for the IOCINCWIO region held inMombasa Kenya (1-11December 1997) On the basis of the collected comments and recommendation acomprehensive training tool will be developed to be used during (and after) IODE training courses toensure long-term impact of IODE training activities

The Course was opened on Saturday 17 October at 0900

2 PARTICIPANTS

Eleven participants were selected from 7 countries in the Indian Ocean region (and Western Pacific)namely Bangladesh India Malaysia Mauritius Qatar Sri Lankaand Vietnam Participants were allactively involved in marine science marine services or related specialties Unfortunately the participantsfrom Pakistan and Iran were not able to participate due to late reception of their application by the IOC

A total of 12 resource persons from Australia India The Netherlands and IOC (lecturers and practicalexercise support) participated in the Course

The List of Participants and Resource Persons is provided in Annex II

3 THE COURSE PROGRAMME

The Course Programme attempted to provide an as wide possible overview of the tasks and operationsof National Oceanographic Data Centres and hereby trying to conserve a balance between theoreticallectures and practical exercises within the (short) available timeframe The Course Programme was

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 2

developed jointly between IOC and NIO with IOC selecting the international lecturers and NIO identifyingIndian lecturers and resource persons

The following topics were covered during the Training Course

SESSION 1 THE IODE SYSTEM

lt Introduction to IODE and the IOC Regional Programmeslt The IODE institutional components and the international ocean data systemlt The IODE data flow and monitoring procedureslt IODE Data Products and Operational Projectslt Establishing a National Oceanographic Data Centre

SESSION 2 DATA METADATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

lt New technologies for data acquisition remote sensinglt Global Oceanographic Data Archeology and Rescue (GODAR)lt Marine data management at the RNODC-INDOlt The continuum data metadata and informationlt Metadata management the MEDI Pilot Projectlt Information management the IODE Marine Information Management programme

SESSION 3 DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

lt Advances in database management systems from relational to object-oriented and beyondlt Advances in database management systems distributed database management systemslt Numerical databases vs text-oriented databases

SESSION 4 USING RDBMS IN OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA MANAGEMENT

lt Introduction to Microsoft Accesslt Searching the database introduction to SQLlt Examples of databases and data products GEBCO GLOSS etc

SESSION 5 DATA PROCESSING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

lt Oceanographic Data Exchange formatslt Quality Control Procedureslt Data Processing and statisticslt Data product development tools GIS

SESSION 6 IODE AND THE INTERNET

lt Introduction to the Internetlt Serving information to users over the WWWlt Serving numerical databases to users over the WWWlt Serving textualfactual information databases over the WWW

SESSION 7 SOFTWARE FOR OCEAN DATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

lt The IODE Resource Kit

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 3

lt The IODC NIO CDROMlt The IODE XBT quality control software

A detailed timetable of the course is added as Annex I

4 LECTURE NOTES

In order to provide a clear overview of the wide variety and scope of the Training Course and toprovide an opportunity to those who were not able to participate to share in the many interesting lectureswe are providing some copies (or summaries) of the lectures given during the Course in Annex III

5 COURSE EVALUATION

In order to constantly improve the quality of the IODE training courses participants were requestedto evaluate the lectures in terms of

- the relevance of the lecture to the course objectives- the clarity of the presentation- the quality of the presentation

The most appreciated lectures (gt= 810) in terms of their relevance to the course objectives were

- Introduction to IODE and the IOC Regional Programmes- The continuum data metadata and information- Practical exercise on MEDI- Practical exercise on MS Access amp Practical exercise on SQL- Oceanographic Data Exchange formats- Introduction to the Internet- Practical exercise on HTML- The IODE Resource Kit

The least appreciated lectures (lt= 410) in terms of their relevance to the course objectives were

- IODE Data Products and Operational Projects- Numerical Databases vs text-oriented databases (traditionally interest of data managers for

text-based information management is low)- Web databases (this lecture was considered too theoretical)- Demonstration INODC on INGRES DBMS (it was observed that none of the participants used

the INGRES DBMS and as such relevance was considered as small)- Data Processing and statistics (this lecture was considered too theoretical)- Demonstration ArcView at INODC- Serving numerical databases to users over the WWW (this low score was attributed to the

observation that insufficient time was spent on this subject)

Additional comments provided on the evaluation sheet and during the discussions are summarized asfollows

lt More emphasis should be put on practical exercises

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 4

lt There were too many lectures and lecturerslt In some cases it was regretted that the presentations (slides) were of poor quality Presentations

should be of high qualitylt Presentation hand-outs should be distributed prior to the lecture so participants with language

problems can better preparelt Lecturers should use real-world exampleslt The course should include individual or group projectslt More attention should be given on how to establish an NODC or DNA with special emphasis on

minimum requirements and possibilities for institutions with minimal resources

6 CLOSING OF THE SESSION

During his closing speech Mr Peter Pissierssens on behalf of the IOC Executive Secretarythanked Dr E Desa Director of the National Institute of Oceanography Goa for the substantial supportprovided by NIO which enabled IOC to organize this course He also thanked the lecturers and otherresource persons as well as all NIO staff who had been involved in the excellent support for the trainingcourse

He noted that the IOCINDIO region was still a relatively young regional body which hadregrettably not been very active so far However he stressed that personal contacts established duringtraining courses such as this one are instrumental in generating collaboration and exchange and he invitedthe participants to share their experiences with colleagues back home

Dr JS Sarupria announced that NIO will set up a listserv to enable participants to the trainingcourse to continue communicating and to create a platform which can be used for future collaborationassistance and exchange of experience

In their closing comments on the Course the participants were all unanimous in their highappreciation for the course which they considered as a most useful contribution to their professionalactivities Several participants pledged to contact the relevant authorities in their country to promote theestablishment of a National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) or Designated National Agency (DNA)

Dr E Desa Director NIO invited the participants to visit NIO again and welcomed them to spendsome time at NIO

All participants were provided with a certificate of participation

The IOCIODE - NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange wasclosed on Tuesday 27 October 1998 at 11h00

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 1

ANNEX I

AGENDA AND TIMETABLE

SATURDAY - 17 OCTOBER 19980900 - 0915 REGISTRATION 0915 - 1030 Presentation of the participants1030 - 1100 TEA BREAK

SESSION A IOCIODE SYSTEM (TRAINING HALL)1100 - 1115 Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (P Pissierssens) [ paper presented duringITO98]1115 - 1200 IODE s institutional components and international ocean data system (P Geerders)1200 - 1230 IODE data flow monitoring procedures (P Geerders)1230 - 1300 IODE data products and operational projects (P Geerders)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on ROSCOP forms (Geerders)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1615 Establishing an IODE NODC (G Reed)

SUNDAY - 18 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

MONDAY - 19 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION B DATA METADATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT0925 - 1020 New technology for data acquisition remote sensing data buoys etc (P Geerders)1020 - 1045 GODAR project and achievements (P Geerders)1045 - 1115 The continuum data metadata and information (G Reed)1115 1200 Metadata The MEDI pilot project (GReed)

6(6621amp26()257+(5(672)7+($lt$38amp+2$lt

TUESDAY - 20 OCTOBER 19980930 - 1000 Marine Information Management (Pissierssens)1000 - 1100 Marine data management system at RNODC-INDO (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE Metadata Practical exercise (G Reed) 1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK

SESSION C DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS1400 - 1430 Numerical DBMS vs textual DBMS (MP Tapaswi)1430 - 1500 Advances in DBMS distributed database management systems (G Reed)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 DBMS systems - Database directions (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 2

WEDNESDAY - 21 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION D USING RDBMS IN OCEANOGRAPHY0900 - 1000 Data warehousing (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)1000 - 1100 Web databases (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK

1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access Creating database tables Searching thedatabase (J Pattainak JS Sarupria PPissierssens)

1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1430 Demonstration to other global data sets such as GEBCO etc (PD Kunte)1430 - 1500 Introduction to global data sets and demonstration (CD-ROM - WDC-A etc) (GVReddy)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access self training

THURSDAY - 22 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION E DATA PROCESSING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (TRAINING HALL)0900 - 1000 Oceanographic data exchange formats (JS Sarupria)1000 - 1100 Quality control procedures (T Pankajakshan)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1200 Data product development tools (GIS etc) (PD Kunte)1200 - 1300 Visit to IODC (Demonstration use of INGRES DBMS (L Ratnakaran) and ArcView GIS

(J Pattanaik))1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on MS Access amp SQL1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1730 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)

FRIDAY - 23 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION F IODE AND THE WWW0900 - 1000 Data processing tools interpolation interpolation etc (R Mahadevan)1000 - 1045 The Internet - Introduction Evolution and Tools (A Ghosh)1045 - 1115 TEA BREAK1115 - 1145 Serving information to users over the WWW HTML (PPissierssens)1145 - 1200 Serving numerical databases over the WWW (V Chavan)1200 - 1300 Serving textualfactual database over the WWW (MP Tapaswi PPissierssens)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on HTML1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)1630 1700 The IODC NIO CDROM Demo (PD Kunte)

SATURDAY - 24 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAYSUNDAY - 25 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 3

MONDAY - 26 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION G SOFTWARE FOR OCEAN DATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT (IODC)0900 - 1100 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on format conversion (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 1230 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit)(PPissierssens)1230 - 1300 Library visit (Tapaswi)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit) continued1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 The IODE XBT quality control software demo (Pankajakshan)1630 - 1730 Evaluation of the Training course

TUESDAY - 27 OCTOBER 1998

0930 - 1100 Discussions on evaluation and receommendations1100 CLOSING CEREMONY (SEMINAR HALL)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 1

ANNEX II

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND RESOURCE PERSONS

A PARTICIPANTS

Mr Mohamed Said Al MohanadiMarine Science DepartmentUniversity of QatarPO Box 2713 DohaQATARFax (974) 892135Email alshoqeriqueduqa

Mr Thilakasiri MendisOceanography Division of NARAMattakkuliya Colombo 15SRI LANKAFax (94) 1522 932 or (94) 1522 699Email jayasirinaraaclk

Dr Trinh The HieuInstitute of Oceanography01 Canada - NhatrangVIETNAMFax (84 58) 881 152Email haiduongdngvnnvn

Ms Nasreen Islam KhanAssistant ProfessorDept of Geography amp EnvironmentDhaka University - 1000BANGLADESHFax (880 2) 86 55 83Email nasreengegduccagnicom Nasreen_ikhanyahoocom geographydubanglanet

Lt Cdr Zaharuddin MaideenHydrographic DirectorateRoyal Malaysian Navy Ministry of DefenceJalan padang Tembak 50634 Kuala LumpurMALAYSIATel 603-2313700Fax 603 2987972Email zahalintmnetmy

Mr Goonasilan SoopramaniaMauritius Meteorological ServicesVacoasMAURITIUSFax (230) 686 1033Email meteointernetmu

Cdr A BhushanNaval Hydrographic OfficePost Box No 75 107-A Rajpur RoadDEHRADUN - 248 001 INDIAFax 0091 (135) 748373

Shri MM Malleswara RaoNational Institute of OceanographyRegional Centre176 Lawsons Bay ColonyVISAKHAPATNAM - 530 017 INDIAFax 0891-543595Email mmmraokadalinioorg

Lt Cdr IN JobINS HansaGOA - 403 802 INDIAEmail simulatebom2vsnlnetinTel 0834-51 8441

Lt TP MahatoNational Hydrographic SchoolCo Heaquarters Goa Naval AreaVasco-da-GamaGOA - 403 802 INDIAFax 0834 - 513419Tel 0834 - 51395051 Extn 242344347Email nhsgoabom2vsnlnetin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 2

B RESOURCE PERSONS

Mr Vishwas ChavanScientistCentre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyUppal RoadHYDERABAD - 500 007 INDIATel +91-40-7172241Fax +91-40-7171195Email vishwasyahoocom vishccmbarpnicin

Ir Paul GeerdersConsultant amp training on remote sensing amp data management for marine and coastal applicationsKobaltpad 16 3402 JL IJsselsteinTHE NETHERLANDSFax 31 (30) 688 49 42Email pgconswxsnl

Mr Aravind Ghosh KScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email garvindcsniorennicin garvinddaryanioorg

Prof R MahadevanScientific AdvisorNational Institute of Ocean TechnologyIIT Madras CampusMADRAS - 600 036 INDIAEmail devansamratnioternetin

Mr Peter PissierssensProgramme Specialist IODEMIMIntergovernrmental OceanographicCommission of UNESCO1 rue Miollis75732 Paris Cedex 15FRANCEFax 33 145685812Tel 33 145684046Email ppissierssensunescoorg

Mr GV ReddyScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email reddycsniorennicin reddydaryanioorg

Dr Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data CentreMaritime Headquarters Wylde StPotts Point NSW 2011AUSTRALIAFax + 612 9359 3120Email gregaodcgovauTel + 612 9359 3141

Prof P SadanandanAssociate DirectorNational Centre for Software Technology6th Floor Main Tower Visvesvaraya CentreDr BR Ambedkar VeedhiBANGALORE - 560 001 INDIAEmail psncsternetinFax 286 2531

Mr JS SarupriaHead Data amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email sarujsdaryanioorg sarujscsniorennicin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 1

ANNEX III LECTURE NOTES

LIST OF ATTACHED LECTURE NOTES

1 Session A Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (PPissierssens)2 Session A IODE Institutional Components and the International Ocean Data System (P Geerders)3 Session A IODE Data Flow and Monitoring Procedures (P Geerders)4 Session A IODE Operational Projects (P Geerders)5 Session A NODC Tasks amp Responsibilities (G Reed)6 Session B Data Information and Metadata (G Reed)7 Session B A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data (G Reed)8 Session C Numerical Vs Textual Databases (MP Tapaswi)9 Session C Distributed Database Management Systems (G Reed)10 Session E Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data (Pankajakshan Thadathil)11 Session E Geographic Information System (GIS) (PD Kunte)12 Session F Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools (A Ghosh)13 Session F HyperText Markup Language (PPissierssens)14 Session F Numerical Databases Over WWW (V Chavan)15 Session F Serving Textual Factual databases on the web (MP Tapaswi)16 Session F Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro (PPissierssens)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 2

1 INTRODUCTION TO IODE amp IOC REGIONAL POLICY(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

URZLQJWRZDUGVDURZLQJWRZDUGVDQHZHUDQHZHUD

Slide 2

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

2(ltHVWHUGD2(7RGD2(7RPRUURZ

In order to address the question lsquowhat will IODE be tomorrowrsquo we first need to look atIODE yesterday and IODE today

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 3

Slide 3

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ampUHDWLRQ2amp

IODE History

Going back 37 years IODE is one of the oldest IOC programmes established in 1961The IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission) is a part of UNESCO Therelationship with UNESCO is a bit more complicated than that because although IOCis part of UNESCO it has its own governing bodies an assembly and executive councilIOC also has its own Member States which are sometimes different from the UNESCOMember States (eg the United States are a Member State of IOC but not of UNESCO)Currently the IOC has 126 Member States

Slide 4

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC

What is unique about the IOC is that it is the ONLY United Nations body that dealsONLY with the Oceans Many other UN agencies have activities related to the Oceansbut the Oceans are only part of their mandatesometimes peripheral The IOC deals onlywith the Oceans

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 4

Slide 5

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

OREDO3URJUDPPHVplusmn 2FHDQ6FLHQFH

26526152FHDQ0DSSLQJ0DULQH3ROOXWLRQamp=0

plusmn 2(plusmn 7VXQDPLDUQLQJ6VWHPplusmn OREDO2FHDQ2EVHUYDWLRQ226266plusmn 7UDLQLQJ(GXFDWLRQ7(0$

5HJLRQDO3URJUDPPHV

IOC Activities

Slide 6

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC Regional Programmes

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 5

Slide 7

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Milestones1956-59 International Geophysical Year Established WDCs

for Oceanography amp Marine Geology amp Geophysics1960 IOC Establishment

Oct 1961 Establishment of a Working group on Exchangeof Oceanographic Data Call on Member States toestablish national data centres

1965 Publication of the first edition of the IODE Manual

1973 Establishment of the IODE Working Committee withnew Terms of Reference

OctNov 77 Established Joint IOC-WMO IGOSS Committee

1979 Publication of the first issue of the MEDI Catalogue

1970s Operation of the RNODC pilot scheme

1978-90s Development of the GF3 format amp publication ofGF3 Manual (6 volumes) Establishment of theRNODC for GF3 at ICES Headquarters

1981 RNODC scheme becomes operational

1987 IODE becomes the International Oceanographic Data ampInformation Exchange System (acronym has beenretained)

1988 Launching the GTSPP project

1990 Publication of the GTSPP Manual

Nov 90 OceanPC project approved for implementation

1991 Publication of the revised version of the IODE Manualjointly with ICSU Panel on WDCs

1992 Launching GOOS

Feb 92 Ocean Climate Data Workshop

Dec 92 Adoption of the IODE data management policy

1993 GODAR project approved for implementation

1993 Publication of the OceanPC software amp Manual

1993 Publication of the third edition of the MEDI Catalogue

1994 GEBCO CD-ROM

1995 World Ocean Atlas 94 set of CD-ROMs

Mar 95 Think Tank Meeting

1996 Publication of the IGOSS-IODE Data ManagementStrategy in support of GOOS

May 1996 Workshop on Manag of Biological amp ChemicalData

1996 GTSPP amp GLOSS CD-ROMs

1996 IODE Home Page on WWW server

IODE has also been one of the most active programmes of the IOC I am showingyou a list of IODE milestones I will not even try to go through all of these

Slide 8

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Objectives

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The IODE has been established with the objective to enhance marine researchexploration and development by facilitating the exchange of oceanographic dataand information between participating Member States

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 6

Slide 9

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE StructurebulllsquoPhysicalrsquo Structure

bullWorld Data Centre OceanographybullNational Oceanographic Data Centre or DesignatedNational Agency (NODC DNA)bullResponsible NODC (RNODC)

bulllsquoOrganizationalrsquo StructurebullIODE CommitteebullIODE OfficersbullIODE Groups of Experts (GE-)

bulllsquoOperationalrsquo Structurebulldata flow

Now let us have a look at the structure of the IODE system We can distinguish threetypes of structure1- the physical structure2- the organizational structure3- the operational structure

1- physical structure here we have to remember that the IODE system wasdeveloped in a time when there was no Internet Physical structures therefore had tobe built in a centralized manner we had world data centres national oceanographicdata centres and responsible NODCs (I am coming back to these individually in amoment)2- organizational structure in order to develop maintain and manage the systemIODE set up an IODE Committee appointed IODE Officers and brought together a number of Groups of Experts3- operational structure defining the data flow

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 7

Slide 10

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 72$lt

56 Data centres in 53 countries

Looking at the physical structure during its 37 years of existence the IODE systemhas been able to set up 56 national data centres (including NODCs and DNAs) in 53countries - Oceanography

There are 56 National Oceanographic Data Centres Designated National Agenciesand World Data Centre (Oceanography) in 53 countries Argentina Australia BrazilBulgaria Canada Chile Peoplersquos Republic of China Colombia Republic of CroatiaEcuador Arab Republic of Egypt Finland France Germany Ghana GreeceGuatemala Guineacutee Iceland India Islamic Republic of Iran Ireland Italy JapanKenya Peoples Democratic Republic of Korea Republic of Korea MalaysiaMexico Morocco Netherlands Nigeria Norway Pakistan Peru PhilippinesPoland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Seychelles South Africa SpainSweden United Republic of Tanzania Trinidad amp Tobago Turkey Ukraine UnitedKingdom United States of America Uruguay Venezuela VietnamNone in Mauritius Qatar Bangladesh

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 8

Slide 11

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Centre Tasks

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plusmn VHHNDQGDFTXLUHGDWDIURPQDWLRQDOVRXUFHVIRULQWHUQDWLRQDOH[FKDQJH

plusmn VXEPLWGDWDWRampRU512ampplusmn SURYLGHRFHDQGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQLQDXVDEOHIRUPWRDZLGHXVHUFRPPXQLW

plusmn SDUWLFLSDWHLQPHHWLQJVRI2(

Letrsquos look at the Data Centre tasksA National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) willbull acquire process quality control inventory archive and disseminate data in

accordance with national responsibilitiesbull be responsible for conducting international exchangebull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are

exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data andsubmit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography orRNODC

bull provide ocean datainformation in a usable form to a wide user communitybull participate in meetings of IODESome Member States that have not established an NODC have instead identifiedDesignated National Agencies (DNAs)NODC can receive data or inventory information from the WDCs for Oceanographyor RNODCs

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 9

Slide 12

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

WDCs 86$5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ

ampKLQD

5HFHLYHDUFKLYHRFHDQRJUDSKLFGDWDLQYHQWRULHVIURP12ampV512ampVPDULQHVFLHQFHRUJDQL]DWLRQVDQGLQGLYLGXDOVFLHQWLVWV

SURYLGHGDWDLQYHQWRULHVDQGSXEOLFDWLRQVWR12ampV1$VWR512ampVWRLQWHUQDWLRQDOFRRSHUDWLYHSURJUDPPHV

0RQLWRUSHUIRUPDQFH2(VVWHP

bull USA Russian Federation Chinabull Receive amp archive oceanographic data amp inventories from NODCs RNODCs

marine science organizations and individual scientistsbull provide data inventories and publications to NODCs DNAs to RNODCs amp to

international co-operative programmesbull Monitor performance IODE system

Slide 13

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

RNODCs

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plusmnVSHFLILFJHRJUDSKLFUHJLRQV 512amp62amp512amp12512ampIRU(673$amp

A special case is the RNODC They are NODCs which have also accepted someadditional responsibilities These can be to deal with specific data types eg driftingbuoys data marine pollution data etcor they can take responsibility for specific geographic regions eg Southern OceansIndian Ocean (such as the IODC) Western Pacific etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 10

Slide 14

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Organization 2(ampRPPLWWHHplusmn +HDGV12ampV2(2IILFHUV

2(2IILFHUVplusmn ampKDLUPDQ9LFHampKDLUPDQampKDLUVURXSVRI([SHUWVLUHFWRUVampV

2(URXSVRI([SHUWVplusmn (00(7$(

2(7DVN7HDPVplusmn 5HP6HQVDWDampHQWUH6HUY0DULRODWD

Letrsquos proceed with the Organizational structureFirst of all we have an IODE Committee This is composed of representatives fromeach data centre and of course also the IODE officersThe IODE officers include a Chairman and Vice-Chairman elected by the Committee(the current Chairman is Ben Searle who is with us this week) Officers also includethe Chairpersons of the Groups of Experts and the Heads of the 3 WDCsWe also have Groups of Experts For specific areas within the mandate of IODE theCommittee has established Groups of Experts As the name implies these Groupsare composed of experts They are people identified by their own country following arequest from the IOC secretariat They then meet at regular periods (every 2-3 years)to discuss specific issues They often prepare action plans and carry outprogrammesOne example is the GE-MIM of which we have a member here ie MrMurari TapaswiFinally we have a few task teams These deal with specific topics and usually have alimited lifespan

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 11

Slide 15

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Ships Moorings Satellites

NationalInstitutions

USERSUSERS

NODCDNA

RNODC

WDC-Oceanogr

USERS

USERS

IODE Data Flow

Just a few words about the operational structure ie the data flow In this verysimplified diagram you can see how data flow through the IODE system

Slide 16

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Policy )XOODQGRSHQVKDULQJ )UHHRUORZFRVWGDWDVHUYLFHV DWDDYDLODEOHZLWKLQHDUDIWHUFROOHFWLRQ

DWDDUFKLYLQJFRPPLWPHQW $SSO6WDQGDUGV

Full and open sharingFree or low-cost data servicesData available within 1 year after collectionData archiving commitmentApply Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 12

Slide 17

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

The Continuum

DWD0HWDGDWDQIRUPDWLRQ KRRHVKDW

Now through the years a giant distinction has been made between datamanagement on one side (numerical data) and information management on theother side (textual information) Rarely would these two meet However in the pastfew years a new creature (or so it seems) has surfaced ie meta data TextualInformation describing Numerical Data and data sets We therefore need to considerthese three as a continuum

Slide 18

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Types

0DULQH+GURORJLFDO 0DULQHHRORJLFDOHRSKVLFDO 0DULQHampKHPLFDO 0DULQH3ROOXWLRQ 5HPRWH6HQVLQJQHZ 0DULQHLRORJLFDOQHZ

Data Management data typesIODE deals with a wide variety of data types

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 13

Slide 19

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Activities

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plusmn5HJLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSKLFDWDDQGQIRUPDWLRQ1HWZRUNIRU$IULFD21$)5amp$

plusmnampDSDFLWEXLOGLQJ

Are data centres just archives of data No although many started out that waymany data centres now produce data productsGEBCO many other examples around us this week

Slide 20

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

6WDQGDUGVIRU0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

HYHORSPHQWRI001HWZRUNVLQGHYHORSLQJUHJLRQV

OREDOLUHFWRURI0DULQHDQG)UHVKZDWHU3URIHVVLRQDOV

2FHDQ3LORWGDWDEDVH

0DULQH0HWDGDWD0DQDJHPHQW6VWHP0(

0DULQHLEOLRJUDSKLF7RROVampRRSHUDWLRQLQ$6)$

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QIRUPDWLRQ7HFKQRORJNQRZKRZVKDULQJ

IODE Activities

Standards library management systems (eg software) standards for directory typedatabases monitoring of technological advancements for information exchange suchas ILLMIM networks RECOSCIX-WIO -CEA GLODIR OceanPilot MEDI ASFA

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 14

Slide 21

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Capacity Building

$VVLVWDQFHGHYHORSPHQWRI12ampV 7UDLQLQJDQG(GXFDWLRQ microGDWDPDQDJHPHQWIDPLOpara

Assistance the IOC assists member states that wish to set up national datamanagement infrastructure by sending experts (from within the system) to assessthe national situation discuss options and assist with the planningTraining and Education training courses and workshops at national or regional level(next week) Eg these can be organized following the mission I just mentionedNew NODCs are welcomed into the data management family more mature NODCsaccept internships from newly established NODCs for periods of 2-3 months Most ofthe time the NODCs donrsquot charge for this assistance although it must be consideredas on-the-job training IOC provides the air ticket and living expensesNew strategy training and education should be organized within project frameworkabandon one-hit training activities without follow-up (eg ODINAFRICA)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 15

Slide 22

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Sharing

12ampVSURGXFWDQGVHUYLFHGHYHORSPHQW

6KDULQJRIUHVRXUFHV

WE have all witnessed the wide variety of products and services developed in manyof the NODCs present here with us

Slide 23

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 7202552

RZHVHUYHRXUFXVWRPHUVKRDUHRXUFXVWRPHUV

Do we serve our customers First who are our customers

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 16

Slide 24

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE UserCommunities

HIRUHVFLHQWLVWV 1RZDQGWRPRUURZplusmnVFLHQWLVWVplusmnLQGXVWUJRYHUQPHQWplusmnGHFLVLRQSROLFPDNHUV

Yesterday and today mainly scientistsToday and tomorrow

Slide 25

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Datarequirements

2SHUDWLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSK 2(GHODHGPRGHKLJKTXDOLW4amp

5HDOWLPH02paraV266

The new customers will increasingly want lsquooperational oceanographyrsquo dataTraditionally IODE deals with delayed-mode data often cruise based The IODEsystemrsquos major added value is the quality control mechanism set up throughout theIODE systemA programme which is much more aimed at real-time data management is theWMOrsquos Integratedl Global Ocean Services System IGOSSTo get the both of both worlds IODE and IGOSS are therefore growing closer to eachother

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 17

Slide 26

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODE

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQW([FKDQJH0LVVLRQ6WDWHPHQW

0DULQHDWD([FKDQJHDQG0DQDJHPHQW2EMHFWLYH

This has led to the drafting of joint IGOSSIODE Marine Data Management andExchange Statement which says that

Slide 27

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEMission Statement

sup3266DQG2(ZLOOFRQWLQXHHIIRUWVLQJDLQLQJDUHSXWDWLRQIRUH[FHOOHQFHLQWKHPDQDJHPHQWDQGSURFHVVLQJRIPDULQHGDWDDQGLQWKHJHQHUDWLRQDQGGLVWULEXWLRQRIGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQDQGSURGXFWVWKURXJKDZHOOVXSSRUWHGVFLHQFHHQGRUVHGKLJKOIRFXVVHGDQGWHFKQLFDOOFRPSHWHQWGLVWULEXWHGJURXSRIGDWDFHQWUHVDQGUHODWHGDJHQFLHVacute

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 18

Slide 28

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEObjective

sup37RFUHDWHDQLQWHJUDWHGDQGWHFKQRORJLFDOODGYDQFHGGDWDPDQDJHPHQWSURFHVVLQJDQGGLVWULEXWLRQVVWHPLQRUGHUWRPHHWWKHQHHGVRIWKHLQWHUQDWLRQDOPDULQHLQFO226DQGPHWHRURORJLFDOFRPPXQLWLHVFRPSDWLEOHZLWKamp26GDWDPDQDJHPHQWVVWHPDQGLQSDUWLFXODUVXSSRUWLQJWKHGHFLVLRQPDNLQJSURFHVVRIQDWLRQDOJRYHUQPHQWVLQGHWHUPLQLQJHQYLURQPHQWDOOVXVWDLQDEOHGHYHORSPHQWSROLFacute

Slide 29

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEGoals

0DNHFROOHFWHGGDWDDYDLODEOHWRZLGHVWUDQJHRIXVHUV

ampUHDWHGLVWULEXWHGGDWDQHWZRUN 3URYLGHSURGXFWV 3URYLGHTXDOLWFRQWUROPHFKDQLVPV

Add Regional and global marine related programmes are seen as major customersfor both IGOSS and IODE data management and exchange capabilities This is inaddition to the more traditional needs of supporting national interests

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 19

Slide 30

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

Cruise orientation

Platformlsquosystemrsquo approach

There will thus be a major and fundamental change in IODE The main data streamswill result from lsquopermanentrsquo monitoring activities rather than from the traditional lsquoadhocrsquo research cruise Of course the cruise based data streams will still exist and willremain very important

Slide 31

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

IGOSS

IODEGOOS

Data management data distribution and provision of products are key result areasfor GOOS In fact what is GOOSGOOS is conceived as

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 20

Slide 32

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

What is GOOS

DVXVWDLQHGFRRUGLQDWHGLQWHUQDWLRQDOVVWHPIRUJDWKHULQJGDWDDERXWWKHRFHDQVDQGVHDV

DVVWHPIRUSURFHVVLQJVXFKGDWDZLWKRWKHUUHOHYDQWGDWDIURPRWKHUGRPDLQVWRHQDEOHWKHJHQHUDWLRQRIEHQHILFLDODQDOWLFDODQGSURJQRVWLFHQYLURQPHQWDOLQIRUPDWLRQVHUYLFHV

hellip created by the IOC Assembly in 1991

Slide 33

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

GOOS Objectives

6SHFLIGDWDQHHGHGEXVHUVRIRFHDQHQYLURQPHQW

GHYHORSVWUDWHJIRUJDWKHULQJDQGH[FKDQJHRIGDWD

IDFLOLWDWHSURGXFWGHYHORSPHQW IDFLOLWDWHDFFHVVEGHYFRXQWULHV HQVXUH226LQWHJUDWLRQLQJOREDOVWUDWHJLHV

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 21

Slide 34

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

End-to-End DataManagement

3UHSDUHIRU226(7(0FRQFHSWXVHGE7633

The ETEDM implies a known or definable pathway of connections between a basicobservational element and the end use or purpose to which the observation isapplied Typically each type of observation has a range of potential applications andmost applications need more than one observation type So in designing a system toserve a given range of end-uses it is important to know how the observation will beused processed and combined with other observations to deliver and observationalproduct of value to the end userThe ETED concept is already used by GTSPP (global temperature and salinityprofile program) operated jointly by IGOSS and IODE GTSPP uses a continuouslymanaged database to provide for the integration of the real-time (low resolution) datastream with the delayed mode (generally high resolution) data stream

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 22

Slide 35

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

CRUISE

Low-resreal-timeIGOSS

helliphellip

Lab work

IODE system

helliphellipHigh-resdelayed-modeIODE

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

Slide 36

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

real-time helliphellip

Monitoring activity

IODE system

helliphellipQC flags

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

But here the concept of the cruise will be replaced with a specific monitoring activityat the instrument or system level

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 23

Slide 37

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM goals

DWDPDQDJHPHQWVHQVRU 4ampPHWDGDWD LQWHJUDWLRQUHDOWLPHGHODHGPRGH LQFUHDVHFRRUGLQDWLRQGDWDFHQWUHV VLPSOLIPHUJLQJORFDOGDWDVHWV GHYHORSFRQWLQXRXVOXSGDWHGGE VXSSRUWPHUJHRFHDQLFDWPRVSKHULFWHUUHVWULDOGDWD226amp26726

hellipmove the data management closer to the sensorsupport quality control of ocean data and retain all available metadataintegrate real-time and delayed mode data and information processingincrease coordination between data centres and promote the sharing of datasoftware and responsibilities between centressimplify merging local data sets to form global data sets anddevelop a continuously updated databasesupport merge oceanic with atmospheric amp terrestrial data to link GOOS with WWWGCOS GTOS and Distributed Data Base

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 24

Slide 38

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Where are wetoday

2662(amp65PHWDGDWD0(7633FRQWLQXRXVOPDQDJHGGE

ampKDOOHQJHEXLOGRQWKLVPRGHO

What has been done today

IGOSSIODE use cruise summary reportsWe have the Marine Environmental Data Inventory (MEDI) which has been given anew lease of life through efforts by the AODC and BODCAnd we have the continuously managed database of GTSPP monitoring the captureof real-time and their transmission around the worldThe challenge for the IGOSSIODE tandem is therefore to build on this modelimproving the linkages removing bottlenecks caused by duplication or data formatincompatibility problems and develop capabilities (eg establishing new data centres)through capacity building

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 25

Slide 39

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

) H[WHQVLYHQHWZRUNRIGDWDFHQWUHV

IUHHIORZRIGDWD JOREDOQHWZRUNRIH[SHUWLVH

PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGVSURGXFWV

87 QRVWDQGDUGWUDLQLQJWRRONLW

QRJOREDOVWDQGDUGIRUPDWIRUGDWDH[FKDQJH

YROXQWHHUZRUNRQO

Successes andShortcomings

Readadd volunteer work The fact that we deal with volunteer work has the advantagethat we can access a tremendous amount of know how For example whenever wehold group of experts meetings or we organize the IODE Officers or IODECommittee meeting extremely fascinating issues are discussed often it the reallytechnical level However although we then draft really interesting workplans theday-to-day duties of the experts make that progress is very slow We do really needan implementation mechanism such as the one proposed by Ben SearleThe fact that we donrsquot have a standard training toolkit is really an impediment to thedevelopment of new data centres

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 26

2 IODE INSTITUTIONAL COMPONENTS AND THEINTERNATIONAL OCEAN DATA SYSTEM(P Geerders)

Slide 1

1P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Institutional Components and theInternational Ocean Data System

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

2P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE ObjectivesThe International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) system has been

established in 1961 to

enhance marine research exploration and development by facilitating the exchange ofoceanographic data and information between participating Member States

Rationale

ocean basin and global processes

availability of an international exchange system to provide data and information from allavailable sources

local processes

access to data collected by other Member States in their area of interest

The economic benefit of obtaining data by exchange as opposed to collecting it oneself ishuge

Critical succes factors

support of participating Member States

involvement of many individual institutions and marine scientists

contribution of data and the necessary expertise to maintain and further develop the IODEsystem

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 27

Slide 3

3P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE provides

bull an infrastructure a network not only ofpeople but also physcial eg through theInternet (E-mail Web Sites FTP)

bull tools such as procedures and guidelines forinformation and data handling (submissionof planned research completed researchavailable datasets publications formats forexchange and archival)

bull services such as information datareferral advice and assistance

potential commercial value of information and data needs to be kept in mind

Slide 4

4P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network

bull managed and guided by committee underIOC of UNESCO

bull maintains close links with otherintergovernmental and international bodies(UN WMO UNEP EC IAEA IMOFAO )

bull focuses on scientific aspects butincreasingly also supports management ofthe marine and coastal environment and itsresources

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 28

Slide 5

5P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network consists of

bull WDCrsquos World Data Centres (SilverSpring-USA Moscow-Russia Tianjin-China)

bull NODCrsquos National Oceanographic DataCentres (56 around the world)

bull RNODCrsquos Responsible NODCrsquos (10)

Slide 6

6P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of WDC

bull receive oceanographic data and inventories from NODCs RNODCs marine science organizations and individual scientists These data are collected and submitted voluntarily from national programmes or arise from international co-operative ventures

bull provide copies of data inventories and publications to NODCsDNAs to RNODCs and to international co-operative programmes as appropriate in exchange or with a charge not to exceed the cost of providing the service

bull monitor the performance of the international data exchange system and report their findings to the IOC Secretariat and the C-IODE The Committee can use this information to take appropriate action to correct deficiencies in the international exchange system

NOTE In general the exchange of internationally significant data holdings and data inventory information between WDCs for Oceanography and their counterparts is expected to take place on a regular basis without charge in order to keep the data holdings of the Centres identical

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 29

Slide 7

7P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of NODC

bull centralized facility bull providing ocean datainformation bull on a continuing basis bull in a usable form bull to a wide user community bull acquires processes quality controls inventories archives and disseminates data in accordance with national responsibilities bull normally charged with the responsibility for conducting international exchange bull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data and submit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography or RNODC bull can request and receive from the WDCs for Oceanography or RNODCs similar data or inventory information which they need for their own (national) requirements

Some Member States that have not established an NODC have instead officially assigned the responsibility of international exchange of oceanographic data and information to a Designated National Agency (DNA)

Slide 8

8P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of RNODC

Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centres are National Oceanographic Data Centres who have accepted additional special responsibilities These can include specific data types (eg Drifting Buoys data) or specific regions (eg Southern Oceans)

RNODC-SOC (Southern Oceans)

RNODC for Drifting Buoys Data

RNODC for IGOSS (BATHY and TESAC)

RNODCS for MARPOLMON

RNODC for WESTPAC (Western Pacific)

RNODC for Waves

RNODC for JASIN

RNODC - Formats

RNODC - ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 30

Slide 9

9P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE committee work done by

bull Groups of Experts

[meet periodically continuous activity]

bull Task Teams

[work only by correspondence worklimited in time]

bull Plenary Session (about every 2-3 years)

[representatives of WDCrsquos NODCrsquos andRNODCrsquos with observers of relatedorganisations]

SEE IODE HANDBOOK

Slide 10

10P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Activities

Marine Data Management

Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue Project (GODAR)

Oceanographic Data and Information Network for Africa (ODINAFRICA)

Marine Information Management

Development of Standards for Marine Information Management

Development of Marine Information Management Networks in developingregions

Development of Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) Scientists

Development of Ocean Pilot database

Development of Marine Metadata Management System

Development of Marine Bibliographic Tools Cooperation in ASFA

Cooperation with IAMSLIC and its regional groups

Information Technology know-how sharing

Development Electronic Information Services

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 31

Slide 11

11P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Tools for

METADATA MANAGEMENT

Blue Pages

Irish EDMED

DATA MANAGEMENT

ArcExplorer

ATLAST

OceanPC

ROSWin

SURFER

Slide 12

12P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODErsquos Data and Information Sources

IODE helps you to find

bull marine scientists and institutions (GLODIR)

bull marine science related web sites (OceanPilot)

bull marine science related Internet discussion lists (ListServs)

bull information on marine science related conferences and meetings

bull what does an abbreviation (acronym) stand for (OceanAcronyms)

bull a scientific publication (bibliography)

bull marine science libraries (IDALIC)

bull useful websites (Training amp Tools KnowHow-KnowNow)

bull ocean data (Datasets)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 32

Slide 13

13P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Training Tools

IODE Resource Kit

middot specific methods tools and systems (principally concerned with databases and software) that can be applied to all types of coastal programs middot a broad suite of training and orientation services middot the web version is a demonstration model of the full version which is being made available on CD-ROM

KnowHow-KnowNow

In this quick referral section you will find places to go when you need know-how to carry out marine information or marine data related tasks

Data amp Information Management Tools

middot specific marine data or marine information management methodology and technology middot information on a wide variety of software tools where to get information how much they cost middot in some cases the software tools are available from our server In other cases we provide links to the author or company that distributessells the product

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 33

3 IODE DATA FLOW AND MONITORING PROCEDURES(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Data Flow and MonitoringProcedures

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

Phases of a data acquisition activity

bull planning =gt DNPNOP

bull completion =gt ROSCOP

bull pre-processing =gt QAQC

bull processing =gt MEDIBlue Pages

bull interpretation

bull publication =gt ASFAASFIS

bull archival

bull exchange =gt IODE network

data access conditionsbull free and open sharingbull at no or low costbull available lt 1 year after collectionbull commitment for permanent archivalbull application of standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 34

4 IODE OPERATIONAL PROJECTS(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Operational Projects

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

IODE Projects

bull GTSPP Global Temperature and SalinityProject

bull IGOSS Integrated Global Ocean ServicesSystem (with WMO)

bull GOOS Global Ocean Observing System

bull GODAR Global Ocean Data Archeologyand Rescue Project

bull QC Quality Control Manual

bull periodic training opportunities ininformation and data management

bull advice on and assistance with informationand data management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 35

Slide 3

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 3

GODAR Project and Achievements

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 4

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 4

IODE GODAR project

GODAR - WHAT IS GODAR

IOCrsquos GLOBAL OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA ARCHAEOLOGY AND RESCUE PROJECT

GODAR - WHY

bull fundamental importance and value of the databull risk of being lost to future usebull for compilation of global oceanographic databases

GODAR - AIMS

bull digitisation of data which is still in manuscript formbull archival of the data at two or more international data centres in digital formbull compilation of catalogues (inventories) of

- data now available only in manuscript form - data now available only in analogue form - digital data not presently available

bull making all data accessible on various media including CD-ROMs

GODAR - WHICH DATA HAS PRIORITY

bull hydrographic casts including all chemical and biological observations bull salinity-conductivity temperature-depth casts bull expendable bathythermograph casts bull mechanical bathythermograph casts

GODAR - RESULTS AT PRESENT

bull atlasesbull technical reports bull workshop reports (5)bull CD-ROMrsquos

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 36

Slide 5

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 5

New technology for data acquisitionRemote Sensing

Data Buoys

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 6

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 6

New technologies

some examples

bull Remote Sensing from aircraft and fromspace

bull Automated Systems on data buoys andremote fixed platforms

bull ADCP

bull towed ondulating systems

common aspects

bull high spatial coverage andor

bull high temporal coverage but mostly

bull non-standard output products

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 37

Slide 7

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 7

Common system elements

bull transducer (from geophysical variable to electronic variablecurrent voltage frequency)

bull digitising (from analogue to digital form)

bull multiplexing (combine several datastreams into one)

bull recording (record data on board for later transmission orretrieval)

bull transmission (transmission of full datastream to receivingcentre)

bull reception (reception of transmitted datastream)

bull de-multiplexing (separation of data from differentsensorstransducers)

bull pre-processing (translation of data into geophysical units andquality control)

bull processing (conversion into required format includingcomputation of averages etc)

bull presentation (display of the data in various forms and formatsfor specific applications)

bull archival (permanent or semi-permanent archival of the data)

bull distribution (to users and applications)

Slide 8

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 8

Some aspects of Remote Sensing

bull 3 windowsvisible 400-800 nm =gt colour

infrared 1-100 micron =gt temperature

microwaves 1-100 cm =gt ldquowaterstructurerdquo

bull passive versus active techniques

bull platformssatellite (geostationary or polar orbit)

aircraft

high towers or locations

bull sensors and their data structure

radiometers =gt point data

scanners =gt line data

CCD matrix =gt image

Synthetic aperture =gt image

bull product generation requires

field data for calibration and validation

atmospheric correction (espvisible and infrared)

algorithm to translate RS data into relevant geophysical parameter

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 38

6 Data Information and Metadata(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Data Information and MetadataData Information and Data Information and MetadataMetadata

Slide 2

2

Data and InformationData and InformationData and Information

bull Data is the raw material

bull The raw material is processed

bull The result is information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 39

Slide 3

3

An Information SystemAn Information SystemAn Information System

bull An information system is defined as a set of rules usedto process data and convert it into information

bull The information system processes the raw data isuseful people

bull The relationship between data and information is oftensummarised in the Input-Process-Output Model

Input Process Output

Slide 4

4

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

ldquo Data ManagementData Management is the process of planning

coordinating and controlling an organisations

datardquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 40

Slide 5

5

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

bull Data management is a philosophy ofndash managing data as an organisational resource

ndash treating data as an important sharable resource

bull Data management is the mechanism for deliveringinformation to decision makers

Slide 6

6

Data ManagementData ManagementData Management

bull The scope of data management ranges from dataacquisition to the production of some kind of output

bull Data management covers the storage transporttransformation combination aggregation of data andmaking it available to those who need it and have theright to access it

bull Data management ends when data becomesinformation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 41

Slide 7

7

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

bull ldquoInformation about datardquo

bull Metadata describes the content quality condition andother characteristics of data

bull Not the actual dataset itself

Slide 8

8

Example of MetadataExample ofExample of Metadata Metadata

bull A library cataloguendash Title of book

ndash Author

ndash Publication date

ndash Unique reference number

ndash Where to find it

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 42

Slide 9

9

Importance of MetadataImportance ofImportance of Metadata Metadata

bull Provides a means to discover that a dataset exists andhow it can be accessed

bull Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

bull Makes data more accessible

bull Reduces duplication of data collection

Slide 10

10

Metadata for Marine DataMetadataMetadata for Marine Data for Marine Data

Metadata elements include

bull Identificationndash name of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

bull Data qualityndash positional and attribute accuracy completeness

bull Distributionndash who holds the data formats and media

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 43

Slide 11

11

Two different approaches

bull Comprehensive definition of data elements to definemetadata including data transfer

bull Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

Metadata StandardsMetadataMetadata Standards Standards

Slide 12

12

bull Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)ndash standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

ndash lengthy

ndash compliance is difficult to achieve

ndash terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 44

Slide 13

13

bull International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)ndash draft international standard for metadata

ndash defines 2 levels of compliance

Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required touniquely identify a dataset

ndash title responsible party date language abstract purposeprogress extent keywords use constraints spatial referencesystem distribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe adataset

ndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citationinformation

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

Slide 14

14

bull Australia New Zealand Land Information Council(ANZLIC)ndash uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

ndash Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

ndash Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

ndash Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 45

Slide 15

15

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Slide 16

16

IODE and MetadataIODE and IODE and MetadataMetadata

bullbull MEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationMEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationReferral SystemReferral System

bull MEDI Objectives ldquoMEDI will provide the marine community with referrals

concerning the availability location andcharacteristics of marine environmental data to meettheir specific needsrdquo (1979)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 46

Slide 17

17

MEDI CatalogueMEDI CatalogueMEDI Catalogue

bull First published in 1979 - contained 86 datasetdescriptions from 40 institutions in 20 countries

bull Second edition published in 1985 - contained 219datasets from 64 institutions in 32 countries

bull Third edition published in 1993 - contained 247datasets from 40 institutions in 27 countries

bull All three editions were made available in printedformat only (as IOC Manual and Guides)

Slide 18

18

MEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot Project

bull 15th Session of IODE (1996) recommended thesetting up of a pilot project to ldquoTest ways and means of applying modern technology to

the further development of the MEDI system and on thebasis of these investigations to draft a specification fora revised MEDIrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 47

Slide 19

19

Existing Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata Systems

bull Review of three marine metadata directory systemshas been undertakenndash European Directory of Marine Environmental Data

(EDMED)

ndash Marine amp Coastal Data Directory of Australia (BluePages)

ndash Extended EDMED for Ireland

bull Similar structure for all these directories - only minorvariations

Slide 20

20

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryTheThe Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory

bull Main function is management of marine metadata

bull Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

bull Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadata guidelines

bull Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 48

Slide 21

21

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 22

22

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 49

Slide 23

23

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software

bull Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

bull Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

bull Two versions of the softwarendash compiled version requires MS Access 7 licence7

ndash run-time version does not require MS Access

bull Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 50

7 A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

1International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

A Metadata Directory System forMarine Data

A Metadata Directory System forA Metadata Directory System forMarine DataMarine Data

Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data Centre

Slide 2

2International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

Data about data

Metadata describes the content quality conditionand other characteristics of data

Not the actual dataset itself

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 51

Slide 3

3International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Example of MetadataExample of MetadataExample of Metadata

A library catalogue Title of book

Author

Publication date

Unique reference number

Where to find it

Slide 4

4International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Importance of MetadataImportance of MetadataImportance of Metadata

Provides a means to discover that a dataset existsand how it can be accessed

Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

Makes data more accessible

Reduces duplication of data collection

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 52

Slide 5

5International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata elements include

Identificationname of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

Data qualitypositional and attribute accuracy completeness

Distributionwho holds the data formats and media

Slide 6

6International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata StandardsMetadata StandardsMetadata Standards

Two different approaches

Comprehensive definition of data elements todefine metadata including data transfer

Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 53

Slide 7

7International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

lengthy

compliance is difficult to achieve

terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Slide 8

8International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)draft international standard for metadata (Geographic

Information - 15046 Part 15 Metadata)

defines 2 levels of compliance Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required to uniquely

identify a datasetndash title responsible party date language abstract purpose progress

extent keywords use constraints spatial reference systemdistribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe a datasetndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citation

information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 54

Slide 9

9International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards Australia New Zealand Land Information Council

(ANZLIC)uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Slide 10

10International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 55

Slide 11

11International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Directories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine Data

A successful Marine Data Directory must becomplete

easy to use

reliable

Should contain enough information for a user todetermine the suitability of a dataset

Slide 12

12International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory Main function is management of marine metadata

Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadataguidelines

Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 56

Slide 13

13International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 14

14International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 57

Slide 15

15International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

Two versions of the softwarecompiled version requires MS Access 7 licence

run-time version does not require MS Access

Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

Slide 16

16International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

ConclusionConclusionConclusion

Metadata is fundamental - not incidental

Metadata directories should contain sufficient detailfor users to identify suitable datasets

Metadata directories containing only core metadataelements are easier to populate and maintain

Ease of use and flexible search tools are essential toencourage use of metadata directories

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 58

8 Numerical Vs Textual Databases(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Numerical Vs TextualDatabases

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

DBMS

bull Structured information storage amp retrievalsoftware

bull Initially came into being for handling ofnumerical data like

rArr Stores inventory controlrArr Salary management

rArr Accountancy etc

bull Notable examples of well known softwares Dbase FoxPro Access

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 59

Slide 3

TEXTUAL DBMS

bull Deal with data whose major constituent istext

bull Offer many features normally found inword processing softwares

rArr Cut - PasterArr Insert - Replace moderArr Cursor movement

bull by arrow keysbull word by wordbull to beginning amp end of the field

rArr Delete field contents from cursor positiononwards or whole field

Slide 4

bull Handle fields of varying length

rArr Optimal utilization of HD space

rArr Freedom for defining maximum length of afield

rArr Freedom of defining databases for complexstructure

rArr Linking two records from same database

rArr Storage of data in ISO - 2709 format

textual DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 60

Slide 5

rArr Conglomerate date elements of singleconcept under one roof (field) keepingtheir identity

rArr Generate indexes on the desiredsubfields only

bull Offer repeatable field facility

rArrTo accommodate data elements of thesame field occurring more than once

bull Offer sub-field facility

textual DBMS

Slide 6

DATA ENTRY

bull Support multiple data entry worksheets

bull Automatically recall of last modifiedrecord or search result(s) for editing

bull Control characters for filing informationand search term delimiters

rArr using lt gt within the data fields

bull Scrolling fields for data entry of longerelements

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 61

Slide 7

bull Pick-list assistance for data withstandard structure

bull Help messages to assist data entry

data entry

Slide 8

DISPLAY FORMATS

bull Multiple display formats

bull Line break at word level

bull Data display formats to includecommands which produce

rArr Data (contents of given field)

rArr Actions (skipping to new line leavingblank lines amp columns lower - uppercase etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 62

Slide 9

rArr Numerical

rArr String

rArr Boolean

rArr String function help to link two records todisplay data as if it is from single record

bull Support different type of expressionsamp functions

display formats

Slide 10

bull Allow escape sequences to printdata in bold italics etc

bull Sorted output

display formats

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 63

Slide 11

DATA INVERSION INDEXING

bull Use of single index to allow search fora given term in any field

bull Index on

rArr Whole field

rArr Specific subfield(s) of a field

rArr Words in a field

rArr Phrases

Slide 12

bull Index terms for efficient retrievalbacked up by efficient index notingrArr Record number

rArr Field of occurrence

rArr Occurrence number

rArr Sequence number

bull lsquoStopwordrsquo file to prevent indexing ofwords not likely to be searched (like aan the or not and their these etc)

data inversion

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 64

Slide 13

SEARCH

bull Search expressions based onBoolean algebra consisting of searchoperators OR AND NOT

bull Search expressions built onrArr Precise terms (words phrases numbers

etc)

rArr Right truncated terms

rArr lsquoAnyrsquo terms (a collective term standing forset of predefined search terms)

Slide 14

bull Field level and proximity searchoperatorsrArr Same field

rArr All repeatable fields as single field (G)

rArr Within a single repeatable field (F)

rArr Terms within the field not longer than lsquonrsquowords apart (eg AhellipB (maximum twowords between A amp B)

rArr Terms within the field exact lsquonrsquo wordsapart (eg A$$B (exactly one word apart)

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 65

Slide 15

bull Parenthesis for expressive syntax

bull Specified field or group of fields inwhich the term to appear (egA(350 351)

bull Free text search for fields notindexed beyond Boolean logic

bull Display of searched results indesired format

search

Slide 16

bull Search byrArr Typing search expression

rArr Picking up terms from the dictionary(indexed list of terms)

rArr Recalling previous search expression (andediting if required)

rArr Recalling previous search set

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 66

Slide 17

bull Sort and print retrieved records indesired format

bull The desired format can be predefinedor to be defined for case specific

RETRIEVAL

Slide 18

bull Printing to support page layoutparameters required for a particularprint runrArr Headings sub-headings

rArr Page numbers or no page number

rArr Number of columns

rArr Line width column width

rArr Lines page

rArr End of column tolerance

rArr Data indention

retrieval

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 67

Slide 19

DATA TRANSFER ANDPROGRAMMING

bull Import amp export records from toother databases

bull Take backup

bull Programming with high levellanguages with additional library ofcertain functions and procedures

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 68

9 Distributed Database Management Systems(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Distributed Database ManagementSystems

Distributed Database ManagementDistributed Database ManagementSystemsSystems

Slide 2

2

BackgroundBackgroundBackground

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 69

Slide 3

3

What is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database System

bull A distributed database (DDB) is a collection ofmultiple logically interrelated databases distributedover a computer network

bull A distributed database management system (D-DBMS)is the software that manages the DDB and provides anaccess mechanism that makes the distributiontransparent to the users

bull Distributed database system (DDBS)=DDB+D-DBMS

Slide 4

4

Centralised DBMS on a NetworkCentralised Centralised DBMS on a NetworkDBMS on a Network

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 70

Slide 5

5

Distributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS Environment

Slide 6

6

Distributed DBMSDistributed DBMSDistributed DBMS

bull A DBMS manages data stored on several computers(usually geographically distributed) through variouscommunication media (usually networks)

bull Types of transactionsndash Local Transaction accesses data only at one site which

it was submitted

ndash Global Transaction Accesses data either at differentsite than the submission site or accesses data at severalsites

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 71

Slide 7

7

Applications of DDBSApplications of DDBSApplications of DDBS

bull Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)

bull Airlines

bull Hotel chains

bull Corporate MIS

bull Military command and control

bull Any organisation which has a decentralisedorganisation structure

Slide 8

8

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Data sharingndash users at one site can easily access data at other sites

bull Greater availabilityndash failure at one site does not mean that the whole

database is unavailable

bull Autonomy of operation and control of local datandash reduces problems of data management and data access

to local component of DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 72

Slide 9

9

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Ease of reconfiguration and extensionndash new databases and processors can be added to the

network without changing existing systems

bull Lower costsndash smaller computers can be used at each site

Slide 10

10

Disadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBS

bull Complexityndash network architecture

bull Costndash additional hardware required communication costs

bull Distribution of controlndash no one persondepartment in control

bull Lack of experiencendash need specialised skills to implement and run

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 73

Slide 11

11

Network ArchitectureNetwork ArchitectureNetwork Architecture

bull Specifies how sites in the system are connected toeach otherndash fully connected

ndash tree

ndash star

ndash ring

ndash partially connected

bull Network typesndash LAN - local area network

ndash WAN - wide area network

Slide 12

12

Distributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS Architecture

bull autonomy - the degree to which the DBMSs ateach site have control over their operation

bull distribution - the degree towhich the database isdistributed

bull heterogeneity - the degreeto which the DBMSs ateach site are different

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 74

Slide 13

13

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replicationndash stores a relation at two or more sites

bull Advantagesndash availability

bull Disadvantagesndash increased overhead on update

Slide 14

14

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull horizontal

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 75

Slide 15

15

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull vertical

Slide 16

16

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replication and fragmentation

bull combination of the two

bull fragments can be replicated

bull replicates can be fragmented

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 76

Slide 17

17

Network TransparencyNetwork TransparencyNetwork Transparency

Transparency

bull the degree to which users can remain unaware of thedetails of the design of the distributed system

Goal

bull to maximise transparency so that users view thedistributed database as a single database

Slide 18

18

Distributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query Processing

The distributed database should look like a singledatabase to users (transparency)

bull a query may require data from several sites

bull factors to considerndash cost of data transmission

ndash reliability of data communications

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 77

10 Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data(Pankajakshan Thadathil Goa India)

Slide 1

Quality and Quality Control ofOceanographic Data

Pankajakshan ThadathilRNODC-INDO

National Institute ofOceanography

Dona Paula Goa

Slide 2

ldquo Oceanographic data is like an infant Unless care is taken it issusceptible to injuries ( errors) However unlike infants data is

immortal Once it is collected it remains as a source ofinformation for everrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 78

Slide 3

Data Collection preparation

Instruments CalibrationReagents Preparation etc H - Factor

Different Stages Sources of Errors Human ( H) Non -H facor

Data Collection Instrument Mulfunctions N-H Factor

Data RecordingDegitisation of Analougeto digital parallelax errorerror in analysis etc

H and N-H

Data TransferFrom hard copy to computerfrom remote sensors to receiving stationrsquos computer

H and N-H

Slide 4

Errors in general can be classified as

Random Errorand

Systematic Error

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 79

Slide 5

General Quality Checks Involved in Oceanographic Data

Inventory Level Checks

Position Datetime Vessel Speed Duplicateand Sounding

Data Level Checks

Visual Inspection Range Check Climatology CheckInversion Check Neighbourhood Check Spikes Stability Check Depth Reversal Duplicate etc

Slide 6

Typical Random and Systemtic Error

bull Random error = (St Dev Sq rt of No Obs )

bull Systematic Error = Bias

26 27 28 29 30 31 32Bucket SST ( C )

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

CTD

- S

ST

( C

)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 80

Slide 7

Vertical Profile

Vertical Section

Horizontal Distribution

Data - Level Check

Visual Inspection

Surface Transient

Spikes Fall Rate

Temperature Inversion

Neighbourhood

Climatology Nub

Wire StretchWire Break

Assignment ofQuality Code

IODC XBT

Data Base

XBT Data

Inventory-level Check

Position

Duplicates

Date-Time

Vessel Speed

Station Sounding

Quality Control Module

Visualisation

An Interactive System for XBT QualityControl and Visualisation

Slide 8

IGOOS Quality Codes

0 No Quality Control ( QC) has been performed on this element1 QC has been performed Element appears to be correct2 QC has been performed Element appears to be inconsistent with other elements3 QC has been performed Element appears to be doubtful4 QC has been performed Element appears to be erroneous5 The value has been changed as a result of QC6 7 and 8 Reserved9 The value of the element is missing

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 81

11 Geographic Information System (GIS)(PD Kunte NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Data Product Development Tools

Pravin D Kunte

e-mail kuntecsniorennicinData amp Information Div

National Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa - 403 004

Geographic Information System (GIS)

Slide 2

Geographic Information System

is a suit of hardware amp software which has capability to handle bothspatial and Non-spatial data concurrently

Four Major components are

bull Database Module bull Analysis Modulebull Presentation Modulebull Capture Module

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 82

Slide 3

G I S Data types and Modules

Geographic data

Physical DimensionGeographic locationAny Qualifying data

ATTRIBUTE DATA -- Qualifies Spatial dataSPATIAL DATA -- Physical Dimension amp Location

Geometric Entities Point line Polygon

Representation of Data VECTOR Vs RASTER

Slide 4

DATA CAPTURE

bullKey board entrybullManual digitizationbullAutomated input

bullImporting ImagesbullImporting DatabullVoice Input

Steps in Data Inputting

1 a) Digitizing Operation b) Auto Scanning (Point or stream mode)2 Import data from other sources 1 Projection 2) Scale3 Raster amp Vector

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 83

Slide 5

G I S DATABASE DESIGN

ATTRIBUTE DATABASE CREATION

Conceptual DesignbullApplication RequirementsbullEnd-utilization GoalsbullTarget Users

Logical DesignbullDatabase specificationbullDatabase ElementsbullDatabase StructurebullDatabase updation procedure

Physical Design Hardware Software requirements

G I S Package Dependent -----

||

Slide 6

SPATIAL DATABASE CREATION

bullDefine reference point and extent for study sitebullCreate Map in Polyconic UnitbullDigitize Theme from Thematic databullEdit and Topology BuildingbullCheck for ErrorsbullCreate separate Themes hellip Theme1 Theme2 etcbullAssociate other Attributes if anyhellipbullTheme ready for Analysis

Define Relation between Spatial and Non-Spatial data

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 84

Slide 7

SPATIAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES

Overlay Operations in Raster amp Vector based System

1 Feature Combination ---- Union amp Intersect

2 Feature Extraction --- Erase --- Clip ampSplit

3 Feature Combination amp Extraction 1 Update 2 Indentity3 Proximity Aggregation4 Spatial Aggregation5 Generalization

Slide 8

MODELING IN G I S

Modeling is a process of doing a systematic and logicalenquiry of the data for establishing the relationshipsbetween the variables

1 Methodological Models How a desired function could be workedout wing different operations in a sequen-tial or in a logically related manner

2 Mathematical Model1 Binary models using nominal variables2 Weighting models at an ordinal level3 Quantitative models using intervals amp ratio

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 85

Slide 9

QUERIES IN G I S

All Kinds of S Q L Queries at following three levels

1 Point mode2 line mode3 Polygon mode

Three levels of Queries

1 Logical 2 Spatio-logical 3 Model base

Slide 10

3 D IN G I S

Digital Surface Modeling (DSM) encompasses task like Understanding of Surface Characteristics

bullD S M GenerationbullD S M analysis for derivativesbullD S M Application

The Derivatives Obtained arebull3D visualization of SurfacebullPlanner derivatives like slops aspects ranges etcbullSpot heights amp surface distances

Applicationbull3D display of bottom topographybullCut amp Fill estimationsbullComparisons of different terrain

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 86

Slide 11

NET WORKING IN G I S

Network is a set of connected lines which are conduitsfor resources movement and are connected to each other at nodes

Elements are

1 Lines 2 Resistance 3 Resource demand 4 Turns5 Stops 6 Facility - Point 7 Blocks

Applications of Networking

1 Path determination 2 Resource allocation3 Distribution analysis 4 Utility locating

Slide 12

G I S can be used in numerous wayshellip

-- for processing amp integrating spatial data-- archiving amp managing data-- for displaying amp generating thematic maps-- for building scenarios-- for predicting impacts-- to simulate amp animate operations amp processes

and also to develop models to represent REALlife situation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 87

Slide 13

G I S in Oceanography

Oceanography being a multidisciplinary study ofdynamic media within which various processes takeplace and interact over a wide range of space and timehas tremendous potential

State-of-the-art

ASFA indicates only 55 studies in Oceanography as comparedto over 2000 land-based application

Out of 55 studies --- 1 63 (35) studies pertain to coast2 16 ( 9) Near shore region3 9 (5) Open Ocean

Slide 14

G I S in Oceanography

Hurdles

1 GIS are designed and built for land application

2 Limited availability of good quality data of temporal nature and uniform density coverage

3 Diversified parameters lat-long time season depth

4 Relatively less physical objects few topo features

5 Media is highly volatile dynamic complex 4 dimensional

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 88

Slide 15

Thanks

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 89

12 Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools(A Ghosh NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

QWHUQHW(YROXWLRQ6SUHDGQWHUQHW(YROXWLRQ6SUHDG3URVSHFWVDQG7RROV3URVSHFWVDQG7RROV

Aravind GhoshAravind Ghosh K KNational Institute of OceanographyNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa 403 004 IndiaDona Paula Goa 403 004 Indiae-mail e-mail garvindgarvindcsniocsniorenrennicnicinin

URL httpURL httpwwwwwwnionioorgorg

Slide 2

KDWLVQWHUQHWKDWLVQWHUQHW

Collection of thousands of computerCollection of thousands of computernetworksnetworks

More than 100 million users More than 100 million users

Growth rate 10 per monthGrowth rate 10 per month

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 90

Slide 3

7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW

Medium for effective communicationMedium for effective communication

Research Support with informationResearch Support with informationretrieval mechanismretrieval mechanism

Cost and Feature flexibilityCost and Feature flexibility

Local as well as International EntityLocal as well as International Entity

Heterogeneous infrastructure andHeterogeneous infrastructure andappearance and usageappearance and usage

Not owned by any oneNot owned by any one

Slide 4

QWHUQHW2ULJLQQWHUQHW2ULJLQ

2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started

2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites started2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites startedoperatingoperating

1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP

1983 - ARPANET and MILNET1983 - ARPANET and MILNET

July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15MbpsMbps

1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agencies1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agenciesto strengthen NSFNETto strengthen NSFNET

April 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPSApril 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 91

Slide 5

QWHUQHW)URQWHDGHUVQWHUQHW)URQWHDGHUV

The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society

Commercial Internet ExchangeCommercial Internet Exchange

FARNETFARNET

Slide 6

QWHUQHW6RFLDOHYHORSPHQWVQWHUQHW6RFLDOHYHORSPHQWV

Internet WormInternet Worm

Slovenia IndependenceSlovenia Independence

Russian CoupRussian Coup

Internet amp PersonalityInternet amp Personality

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 92

Slide 7

QWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROVQWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROV

E-mailE-mail

Telnet - Remote LoginTelnet - Remote Login

FTP - File Transfer ProtocolFTP - File Transfer Protocol

ARCHIEARCHIE

GOPHER and VeronicaGOPHER and Veronica

USENET and Discussion ListsUSENET and Discussion Lists

Wide Area Information ServersWide Area Information Servers

Internet Relay ChatInternet Relay Chat

World Wide Web (WWW)World Wide Web (WWW)

TalkTalk

Slide 8

RUOGLGHHERUOGLGHHE

legitimate way of publishinglegitimate way of publishing

distributed object management systemdistributed object management system

unstructured and serendipitousunstructured and serendipitousbrowsingbrowsing

Search ToolsEnginesSearch ToolsEngines

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 93

Slide 9

6($5amp+72267lt3(66($5amp+72267lt3(6

SUBJECT TREESSUBJECT TREES structured and organized hierarchystructured and organized hierarchy

of categoriesof categories Maintained manuallyMaintained manually Keyword searchable indexesKeyword searchable indexes

Slide 10

6($5amp+72267lt3(66($5amp+72267lt3(6

6($5amp+(11(66($5amp+(11(6 LQGH[VL]HLQGH[VL]H XSGDWHIUHTXHQFXSGDWHIUHTXHQF VHDUFKRSWLRQVVHDUFKRSWLRQV VHDUFKUHWULHYDOVSHHGVHDUFKUHWULHYDOVSHHG UHVXOWVHWSUHVHQWDWLRQUHVXOWVHWSUHVHQWDWLRQ UHOHYDQFHRILWHPVLQUHVXOWVHWUHOHYDQFHRILWHPVLQUHVXOWVHW HDVHRIXVHHDVHRIXVH

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 94

Slide 11

6($5amp+(11(6amp$7(25(66($5amp+(11(6amp$7(25(6

6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV

LUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHVLUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHV

6HDUFK(QJLQH6HDUFK(QJLQH

0HWD0HWD6HDUFKHUV6HDUFKHUV

636HDUFK(QJLQH636HDUFK(QJLQH

86(1(76HDUFK(QJLQH86(1(76HDUFK(QJLQH

)736RIWZDUH6HDUFK(QJLQH)736RIWZDUH6HDUFK(QJLQH

ltHOORZ3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQHltHOORZ3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQH

KLWH3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQHVKLWH3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQHV

0DLOLQJLVWLUHFWRULHV0DLOLQJLVWLUHFWRULHV

6XEMHFW7UHHV6XEMHFW7UHHV

HRJUDSKLFDO6HDUFK7RROVHRJUDSKLFDO6HDUFK7RROV

5HYLHZLQJVLWHV5HYLHZLQJVLWHV

6SHFLDOL]HG6XEMHFWXLGHV6SHFLDOL]HG6XEMHFWXLGHV

Slide 12

6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV

Spiders Robot WormsAltaVista httpwwwaltavistadigitalcom Excite httpwwwexcitecom HotBot httpwwwhotbotcom InfoSeek httpwwwinfoseekcom Lycos httpwwwlycoscom OpenText httpwwwopentextuunetca8080 WebCrawler httpwwwwebcrawlercom

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 95

Slide 13

LUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHVLUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHV

A2Z httpa2zlycoscom EINet Galaxy httpgalaxyeinetnet InfoSeek httpwwwinfoseekcom Magellan httpwwwmckinleycom Pointcom httpwwwpointcomcom Tradewave Galaxy httpgalaxyeinetnet Yahoo httpwwwyahoocom

Slide 14

6($5amp+(11(66($5amp+(11(6 $OWD9LVWD$OWD9LVWD KWWSKWWSZZZZZZDOWDYLVWDDOWDYLVWDGLJLWDOFRPGLJLWDOFRP ([FLWH([FLWH KWWSKWWSZZZZZZH[FLWHFRPH[FLWHFRP +DUYHVWURNHU+DUYHVWURNHU KWWSWRZQKDOORUJKWWSWRZQKDOORUJ

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 97

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 99

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 100

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 101

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 104

13 HyperText Markup Language(PPissierssens IOC)

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 106

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 109

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 113

14 Numerical Databases Over WWW(V Chavan CMMB Hyderabad India)

Slide 1

Numerical Databases OverWWW

Vishwas ChavanScientist

Centre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyHyderabad India

Slide 2

Databases over Web Approaches

db files to flatascii files Import and Host Live Connectivity

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 114

Slide 3

Flat ascii files on WWW

Oceanline ver 10 Publications ver 10

Slide 4

Oceanline ver 10 OCEANLINE is an online public access catalogue of books monographs

technical reports conference proceedings maps and atlases etcavailable at NIO Library

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2classearchhtml allows you to perform search Oceanlineaccording to the variou classes

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matches 2For the search according to classes

fclassearchcgi performs the start search nclassearchcgi performs the search for next set of

matches pclassearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 115

Slide 5

Oceanline ver 10 DATA files in varwwwhtdocsOceanlinedata

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Slide 6

Import and Host

Stores db - FoxPro Import to Lotus 123 Fetch into Notes Document base Host on WWW through Domino Server

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 116

Slide 7

Live Connectivity

mSQL MS ACCESS ORACLE

Slide 8

mSQL

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 117

Slide 9

Manthan ver 10

Directory-based search engine forOceanographic information over theweb

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Database = manthan Table = man1

Slide 10

Manthan ver 10

In varwwwhtdocsmanthanindexhtml is the main pageman1puthtml allows you to add records to manthan database

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manthanhtml gives mythological background of samudra manthanAbout_Manthanhtml this document

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man1inhtml for accepting data into the databaseman1outhtml for querying the database

man1edthtml for editing the recordsman1uphtml for updating the records

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 118

Slide 11

Manthan ver 10

Database is in samudraHughesmsqldbmanthan and has following filesman1dat is the main data fileman1def is field definition file

man1idx index field fileman1idx-url_in is the main index file

Slide 12

MS ACCESS

Plantae ver 10Win NT (Server Version) - 40Internet Information Server (IIS) ver 30 - Web

ServerMS-Accessrsquo97 (ver 80) - Database Active Server Pages (ASP) - Scripting language

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 119

Slide 13

ORACLE

SPMIS at CCMBWorkgroup version of Oracle 80 as RDBMS

MS Visual Basic 60 as front endActiveX controls (OLE controls) facilitate

visualization of Visual Basic application onWWW

ActiveX controls are in-built with MS VisualBasic 60

Slide 14

Thank You

Have a HappyData Management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 120

15 Serving Textual Factual databases on the web(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Serving Textual Factualdatabases on the web

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

TEXTUAL FACTUALDATABASES

bull Primary resources

rArr Living resources eg Flora Fauna(taxonomic morphological distribution gene-banks etc)

rArr Non-living resources eg Geographicallyreferenced databases (satellite images ofphysiography temperature salinity etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 121

Slide 3

Textual Factual databases

bull Secondary resourcesrArr Metadata Catalogue of cruise tracks

sampling stations etcrArr Human institutional Personnel directory

research projects job opportunities etcrArr Bibliographic OPAC published literaturerArr Links to websites Related institutions

Electronic journals Full text documentsetc

Slide 4

Textual Factual databases

bull Tertiary resources

rArr Socio-economic resources Policyinstruments treaties Fish marketinformation Exporters Importers etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 122

Slide 5

KEY ITEMS

bull Databasebull Search retrieve and display software

(CGI)bull User interface (HTML pages)

Slide 6

DATABASE

bull Structured information in any formbull Reliable databull Sizeable number of recordsbull Frequency of updatebull Multimedia component

rArr Graphics JPEG GIF files of pictures and filmclippings

rArr Audio clippings 5 minutes audio capturedat22 kHz in 16 bit stereo - 5mb WAV or AUfiles

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 123

Slide 7

AUDIO CLIPPING FREEWARE

bull Real Audio Encoder(httpwwwrealcom) to generatecompressed RA files from WAV and AU

bull For best results install Real Audio Playerplug on the users browser

bull HTTP streaming to enable reasonable fastloading of audio files to the clientmachines

bull Real Audio Streaming server High Costs

Slide 8

SEARCH RETRIEVE ANDDISPLAY INTERFACE

bull Dictionary of keywords termsrArr Keywords from all fields specific field

bull Open search expressionsbull Boolean logicbull Ideal to retain information about previoustransactionsrArr Use of lsquoInput Type Hiddenrsquo feature supported

by HTML and to carry the details of queryterms in HTML forms through the searchsession

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 124

Slide 9

Search retrieve anddisplay interfacebull Search on index files pointing to

appropriate records in the database forretrieval

bull Programs linked to HTML search formsas well as HTML output for display

Slide 10

USER INTERFACE (HTMLpages)

bull Home page

rArr Less than 32 k size HTML filerArr Column structure than full screenrArr Use of frames feature supported by

HTML to divide screen in two partsrArr Left part Table of contents

rArr Right part Information page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 125

Slide 11

User interface (HTMLpages) Table of contents

bull Introduction to database (origin purposeownership copyrights updating frequencyetc)

bull Overview (contents building searchstrategy charges for search and retrieval ifany contact for further support etc)

bull Data entry formbull Data display Presentation formatsbull Access to databasebull List of previous search sets in current

session

Slide 12

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

rArr Database title subtitle logorArr Other related products (product on

other media subsets etc)rArr Ownership (Developers funding

agency software)rArr Navigator choice and screen

resolution

bull Opening page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 126

Slide 13

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Search tools

rArr Broad group of data-setsrArr Keywords Term indexrArr Geographical co-ordinates

bull Menu items

rArr Pointers to last screenrArr Next screenrArr Sources starting with letters rArr Buttons for submission cancellation

Slide 14

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Display formats

rArr Indicative informativerArr Graphics film cliprArr Audio background

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 127

16 Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

102498 PPissierssens IOC 1

Dynamic Database publishingusing Filemaker Pro

Slide 2

102498 PPissierssens IOC 2

Step 1 create your database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 128

Slide 3

102498 PPissierssens IOC 3

Step 11 populate your database

Slide 4

102498 PPissierssens IOC 4

Step 2 create the html pages

bull Strategyndash online create new record

ndash online edit record

ndash online search recordLetrsquos do this

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 129

Slide 5

102498 PPissierssens IOC 5

Writing the html pages

bull Defaulthtm

bull Searchhtm

bull Search_resultshtm

search_resultshtm

searchhtm

defaulthtm

Slide 6

102498 PPissierssens IOC 6

Writing the html pages

HIDXOWKWPltA HREF=FMPro-db=testdbFP3amp-lay=webamp

-format=searchhtmamp-viewgtSearch the DatabaseltAgt

database Layout to use

Output format action

ACTION

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 130

Slide 7

102498 PPissierssens IOC 7

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step1 the actionsltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=postgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=testdbfp3gt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=search_resultshtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=search_errorhtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=surnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=firstnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=countrygt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-max VALUE=20gtltPgt

Slide 8

102498 PPissierssens IOC 8

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step 2 the search formSurname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgt ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgt Firstname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=17gtltPgtJob TitleltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_title VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtJob Type ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtOrganization ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=organization VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtTypeltBgtltIgt ltIgtltBgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=organization_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtCity ltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=city VALUE= SIZE=22gtltFONTgtltPgtCountryltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=eqgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=country VALUE= SIZE=23gtltFONTgtltPgtActivities ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=activities VALUE= SIZE=58gtltPgt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 131

Slide 9

102498 PPissierssens IOC 9

Writing the html pages

6HDUFKKWP - step 3 the action buttons

ltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=AND checked=gtMatch all words between fields (AND)ltBRgtltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=ORgtMatch any words between fields (OR)

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-Find VALUE=Start SearchgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgt

Slide 10

102498 PPissierssens IOC 10

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKBUHVXOWVKWP[FMP-RECORD]Name[FMP-FIELD Title] [FMP-FIELD firstname]

[FMP-FIELD middle_name]ltBgt [FMP-FIELD surname]ltBgtltPgtGender[FMP-FIELD gender]ltBRgt Degrees[FMP-FIELD degree]ltBRgt Job Title[FMP-FIELD job_title]ltBRgt

Job Type [FMP-FIELD job_type]ltBRgt Organizationampnbsp [FMP-FIELD organization]ltBRgt Organization type [FMP-FIELD organization_type]ltBRgt Departmentampnbsp[FMP-FIELD department]ltBRgt

Address [FMP-FIELD street_address]ltBRgt City [FMP-FIELD city]ltBRgt Country [FMP-FIELD country]ltBRgt Activities [FMP-FIELD activities]ltPgt

[FMP-RECORD]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 132

Slide 11

102498 PPissierssens IOC 11

The queryHttpscppi591testdbFmPro-DB=testdbfp3amp-Lay=webamp-

format=search_resultshtmamp-error=search_errorhtmamp-SortField=surnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=firstnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=countryamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-max=20amp-op=bwampsurname=amp-op=bwampfirstname=amp-op=bwampjob_title=amp-op=bwampjob_type=amp-op=bwamporganization=amp-op=bwamporganization_type=amp-op=bwampcity=amp-op=eqampcountry=indiaamp-op=bwampactivities=amp-lop=ANDamp-Find=Start+Search

ampOLHQW DWDEDVHform

Filled form

query

resulthtml

HEVHUYHU

Slide 12

102498 PPissierssens IOC 12

The resultndash Search Results

Displaying records 1 through 12 of 12 records found

Name Mr Narayan BHASKARGendermaleDegreesMaster of Fisheries Science (MFSc) Bachelor of Fisheries Science (BFSc)Job TitleScientistJob Type ResearchOrganization Central Food Technological Research InstituteOrganization typeDepartment Meat Fish and Poultry TechnologyAddressCity MysoreCountry IndiaActivities 1 Have worked on incidence of bacteria of public health significance in the cultured shrimpsPenaeus monodonduring both the farming and harvest phases 2 Have worked on the shelflife and quality characteristics of the shrimpPenaeus indicus during ice storage 3 Is associated with the study on the food and feeding habits of the shrimpParapeaeopsis stylifera 4 Has worked on the preservation of salted-dried mackerel(Rastrelliger kanagurta Cuvier) usingfilm forming gums 5 Is associated with the study on the extension of shelf life of seer and mackerel steaks using lacticfermentation 6 Has studied the biochemical aspects of the underutilised crustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepaLatreille) from the point of view of processing 7Recently I have proposed projects on the isolation and characterisation oftransglutaminase from the Indian fishcrustacean species for the production of surimi Utilisation of the underutilisedcrustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepa Latreille) for producing value added products evaluation of cultured and wildcaught Indian major carps for the incidence of bacteria of public health significance

[end of this record]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 133

Slide 13

102498 PPissierssens IOC 13

Creating a new record

Step 1 QHZKWP

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE= SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE= SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=30gt

continue here for other fieldsUserID ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=userid VALUE= SIZE=30gtPassword ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=password VALUE= SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME= -New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to next StepgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Slide 14

102498 PPissierssens IOC 14

Creating a new record

bull Step 2 QHZBUHSOKWP

A record has been added to the database

lta href=ldquodefaulthtmrdquogtGo back to menultagt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 134

Slide 15

102498 PPissierssens IOC 15

Editing a recordbull OPTION 1 without security

ndash include field for unique identifierndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull OPTION 2 with securityndash Verify userid and passwordndash list entries for that userID and passwordndash allow selection of record to editndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull TRY

Slide 16

102498 PPissierssens IOC 16

Editing a record

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE=[FMP-Field title] SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE=[FMP-Field firstname]

SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE=[FMP-Field

middle_name] SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE=[FMP-Field surname] SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to nextStepgt

ltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Current value

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 135

Slide 17

102498 PPissierssens IOC 17

Error[FMP-IF CurrentErroreq 509]

Required Value ErrorSorry required information is missing Please check your submission and try again

[FMP-ELSE]

New Record Error

There was an error adding a record to the database Please check your

submission and try again - amp91 ERR[FMP-CURRENTERROR]amp93

ampnbsp

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

Error codes

500 Date value does not meet validation entry options

501 Time value does not meet validation entry options

502 Number value does not meet validation entry options

503 Value in field does not meet range validation entry options

504 Value in field does not meet unique value validation entry options

505 Value in field failed existing value validation test

506 Value in field is not a member value of the validation entry option value list

507 Value in field failed calculation test of validation entry option

508 Value in field failed query value test of validation entry option

509 Field requires a valid value

[FMP-IF]

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

[end of report]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex IV - page 1

ANNEX IV

LIST OF ACRONYMS

ASFA Aquatic Science and Fisheries AbstractsCD-ROM Compact Disk ndash Read Only MemoryDNA Designated National AgencyGEBCO General Bathymetric Chart of the OceansGE-MIM Group of Experts on Marine Information ManagementGIS Geographic Information SystemGLODIR Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) ProfessionalsGLOSS Global Sea Level Observing SystemGOOS Global Ocean Observing SystemGODAR Global Oceanographic Data Archeology and RescueGTSPP Global Temperature and Salinity Profile ProgrammeIGOSS Integrated Global Ocean Services SystemIOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (of UNESCO)IOCINCWIO IOC Regional Committee for the Co-operative Investigation in the North and Central

Western Indian OceanIOCINDIO IOC Regional Committee for the Central Indian OceanIODE International Oceanographic Data and Information ExchangeMEDI Marine Metadata Management SystemNIO National Institute of Oceanography (India)NODC National Oceanographic Data CentreODINEA Oceanographic Data and Information NetworkODINAFRICA Oceanographic Data and Information Network for AfricaRNODC-MEDI Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centre ndash MEDIWDC-A World Data Centre-AWWW World-Wide Web

  • Contents
Page 3: IOC/IODE/NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 1

1 INTRODUCTION

During the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) Officers held inGoa India between 10 and 13 February 1998 the National Institute of Oceanography offered to host aregional data management training course for countries in the IOCINDIO (IOC Regional Committee forthe Central Indian Ocean ) region Responding to this kind offer the IOC was able to allocate funds forsupporting travel and accommodation for participants and international resource persons NIO offered tocover local organizational expenses and travel and accommodation expenses for local resource persons

The objectives of the Training Course were

to provide an introduction to and raise awareness for the IODE Programme to familiarize participants with IODE projects and products to provide participants with basic knowledge and experience about data management systems and their

utilization in oceanographic data metadata and information management to provide participants with basic knowledge about new technologies related to serving users with

information and data over the Internet to stimulate intra-regional collaboration in the field of oceanographic data and information

management to provide training to recently established National Oceanographic Data Centres (NODC) and

Designated National Agencies (DNA) to stimulate countries in the region to establish National Oceanographic Data Centres (NODC) or

Designated National Agencies (DNA)

The Course was also used as a second occasion to receive comments and recommendations on theIODE Resource Kit through the draft product ODINEA CD-ROM which was developed during the IOCRegional Training Course in Oceanographic Data Management for the IOCINCWIO region held inMombasa Kenya (1-11December 1997) On the basis of the collected comments and recommendation acomprehensive training tool will be developed to be used during (and after) IODE training courses toensure long-term impact of IODE training activities

The Course was opened on Saturday 17 October at 0900

2 PARTICIPANTS

Eleven participants were selected from 7 countries in the Indian Ocean region (and Western Pacific)namely Bangladesh India Malaysia Mauritius Qatar Sri Lankaand Vietnam Participants were allactively involved in marine science marine services or related specialties Unfortunately the participantsfrom Pakistan and Iran were not able to participate due to late reception of their application by the IOC

A total of 12 resource persons from Australia India The Netherlands and IOC (lecturers and practicalexercise support) participated in the Course

The List of Participants and Resource Persons is provided in Annex II

3 THE COURSE PROGRAMME

The Course Programme attempted to provide an as wide possible overview of the tasks and operationsof National Oceanographic Data Centres and hereby trying to conserve a balance between theoreticallectures and practical exercises within the (short) available timeframe The Course Programme was

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 2

developed jointly between IOC and NIO with IOC selecting the international lecturers and NIO identifyingIndian lecturers and resource persons

The following topics were covered during the Training Course

SESSION 1 THE IODE SYSTEM

lt Introduction to IODE and the IOC Regional Programmeslt The IODE institutional components and the international ocean data systemlt The IODE data flow and monitoring procedureslt IODE Data Products and Operational Projectslt Establishing a National Oceanographic Data Centre

SESSION 2 DATA METADATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

lt New technologies for data acquisition remote sensinglt Global Oceanographic Data Archeology and Rescue (GODAR)lt Marine data management at the RNODC-INDOlt The continuum data metadata and informationlt Metadata management the MEDI Pilot Projectlt Information management the IODE Marine Information Management programme

SESSION 3 DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

lt Advances in database management systems from relational to object-oriented and beyondlt Advances in database management systems distributed database management systemslt Numerical databases vs text-oriented databases

SESSION 4 USING RDBMS IN OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA MANAGEMENT

lt Introduction to Microsoft Accesslt Searching the database introduction to SQLlt Examples of databases and data products GEBCO GLOSS etc

SESSION 5 DATA PROCESSING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

lt Oceanographic Data Exchange formatslt Quality Control Procedureslt Data Processing and statisticslt Data product development tools GIS

SESSION 6 IODE AND THE INTERNET

lt Introduction to the Internetlt Serving information to users over the WWWlt Serving numerical databases to users over the WWWlt Serving textualfactual information databases over the WWW

SESSION 7 SOFTWARE FOR OCEAN DATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

lt The IODE Resource Kit

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 3

lt The IODC NIO CDROMlt The IODE XBT quality control software

A detailed timetable of the course is added as Annex I

4 LECTURE NOTES

In order to provide a clear overview of the wide variety and scope of the Training Course and toprovide an opportunity to those who were not able to participate to share in the many interesting lectureswe are providing some copies (or summaries) of the lectures given during the Course in Annex III

5 COURSE EVALUATION

In order to constantly improve the quality of the IODE training courses participants were requestedto evaluate the lectures in terms of

- the relevance of the lecture to the course objectives- the clarity of the presentation- the quality of the presentation

The most appreciated lectures (gt= 810) in terms of their relevance to the course objectives were

- Introduction to IODE and the IOC Regional Programmes- The continuum data metadata and information- Practical exercise on MEDI- Practical exercise on MS Access amp Practical exercise on SQL- Oceanographic Data Exchange formats- Introduction to the Internet- Practical exercise on HTML- The IODE Resource Kit

The least appreciated lectures (lt= 410) in terms of their relevance to the course objectives were

- IODE Data Products and Operational Projects- Numerical Databases vs text-oriented databases (traditionally interest of data managers for

text-based information management is low)- Web databases (this lecture was considered too theoretical)- Demonstration INODC on INGRES DBMS (it was observed that none of the participants used

the INGRES DBMS and as such relevance was considered as small)- Data Processing and statistics (this lecture was considered too theoretical)- Demonstration ArcView at INODC- Serving numerical databases to users over the WWW (this low score was attributed to the

observation that insufficient time was spent on this subject)

Additional comments provided on the evaluation sheet and during the discussions are summarized asfollows

lt More emphasis should be put on practical exercises

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 4

lt There were too many lectures and lecturerslt In some cases it was regretted that the presentations (slides) were of poor quality Presentations

should be of high qualitylt Presentation hand-outs should be distributed prior to the lecture so participants with language

problems can better preparelt Lecturers should use real-world exampleslt The course should include individual or group projectslt More attention should be given on how to establish an NODC or DNA with special emphasis on

minimum requirements and possibilities for institutions with minimal resources

6 CLOSING OF THE SESSION

During his closing speech Mr Peter Pissierssens on behalf of the IOC Executive Secretarythanked Dr E Desa Director of the National Institute of Oceanography Goa for the substantial supportprovided by NIO which enabled IOC to organize this course He also thanked the lecturers and otherresource persons as well as all NIO staff who had been involved in the excellent support for the trainingcourse

He noted that the IOCINDIO region was still a relatively young regional body which hadregrettably not been very active so far However he stressed that personal contacts established duringtraining courses such as this one are instrumental in generating collaboration and exchange and he invitedthe participants to share their experiences with colleagues back home

Dr JS Sarupria announced that NIO will set up a listserv to enable participants to the trainingcourse to continue communicating and to create a platform which can be used for future collaborationassistance and exchange of experience

In their closing comments on the Course the participants were all unanimous in their highappreciation for the course which they considered as a most useful contribution to their professionalactivities Several participants pledged to contact the relevant authorities in their country to promote theestablishment of a National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) or Designated National Agency (DNA)

Dr E Desa Director NIO invited the participants to visit NIO again and welcomed them to spendsome time at NIO

All participants were provided with a certificate of participation

The IOCIODE - NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange wasclosed on Tuesday 27 October 1998 at 11h00

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 1

ANNEX I

AGENDA AND TIMETABLE

SATURDAY - 17 OCTOBER 19980900 - 0915 REGISTRATION 0915 - 1030 Presentation of the participants1030 - 1100 TEA BREAK

SESSION A IOCIODE SYSTEM (TRAINING HALL)1100 - 1115 Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (P Pissierssens) [ paper presented duringITO98]1115 - 1200 IODE s institutional components and international ocean data system (P Geerders)1200 - 1230 IODE data flow monitoring procedures (P Geerders)1230 - 1300 IODE data products and operational projects (P Geerders)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on ROSCOP forms (Geerders)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1615 Establishing an IODE NODC (G Reed)

SUNDAY - 18 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

MONDAY - 19 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION B DATA METADATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT0925 - 1020 New technology for data acquisition remote sensing data buoys etc (P Geerders)1020 - 1045 GODAR project and achievements (P Geerders)1045 - 1115 The continuum data metadata and information (G Reed)1115 1200 Metadata The MEDI pilot project (GReed)

6(6621amp26()257+(5(672)7+($lt$38amp+2$lt

TUESDAY - 20 OCTOBER 19980930 - 1000 Marine Information Management (Pissierssens)1000 - 1100 Marine data management system at RNODC-INDO (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE Metadata Practical exercise (G Reed) 1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK

SESSION C DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS1400 - 1430 Numerical DBMS vs textual DBMS (MP Tapaswi)1430 - 1500 Advances in DBMS distributed database management systems (G Reed)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 DBMS systems - Database directions (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 2

WEDNESDAY - 21 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION D USING RDBMS IN OCEANOGRAPHY0900 - 1000 Data warehousing (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)1000 - 1100 Web databases (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK

1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access Creating database tables Searching thedatabase (J Pattainak JS Sarupria PPissierssens)

1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1430 Demonstration to other global data sets such as GEBCO etc (PD Kunte)1430 - 1500 Introduction to global data sets and demonstration (CD-ROM - WDC-A etc) (GVReddy)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access self training

THURSDAY - 22 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION E DATA PROCESSING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (TRAINING HALL)0900 - 1000 Oceanographic data exchange formats (JS Sarupria)1000 - 1100 Quality control procedures (T Pankajakshan)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1200 Data product development tools (GIS etc) (PD Kunte)1200 - 1300 Visit to IODC (Demonstration use of INGRES DBMS (L Ratnakaran) and ArcView GIS

(J Pattanaik))1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on MS Access amp SQL1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1730 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)

FRIDAY - 23 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION F IODE AND THE WWW0900 - 1000 Data processing tools interpolation interpolation etc (R Mahadevan)1000 - 1045 The Internet - Introduction Evolution and Tools (A Ghosh)1045 - 1115 TEA BREAK1115 - 1145 Serving information to users over the WWW HTML (PPissierssens)1145 - 1200 Serving numerical databases over the WWW (V Chavan)1200 - 1300 Serving textualfactual database over the WWW (MP Tapaswi PPissierssens)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on HTML1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)1630 1700 The IODC NIO CDROM Demo (PD Kunte)

SATURDAY - 24 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAYSUNDAY - 25 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 3

MONDAY - 26 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION G SOFTWARE FOR OCEAN DATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT (IODC)0900 - 1100 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on format conversion (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 1230 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit)(PPissierssens)1230 - 1300 Library visit (Tapaswi)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit) continued1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 The IODE XBT quality control software demo (Pankajakshan)1630 - 1730 Evaluation of the Training course

TUESDAY - 27 OCTOBER 1998

0930 - 1100 Discussions on evaluation and receommendations1100 CLOSING CEREMONY (SEMINAR HALL)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 1

ANNEX II

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND RESOURCE PERSONS

A PARTICIPANTS

Mr Mohamed Said Al MohanadiMarine Science DepartmentUniversity of QatarPO Box 2713 DohaQATARFax (974) 892135Email alshoqeriqueduqa

Mr Thilakasiri MendisOceanography Division of NARAMattakkuliya Colombo 15SRI LANKAFax (94) 1522 932 or (94) 1522 699Email jayasirinaraaclk

Dr Trinh The HieuInstitute of Oceanography01 Canada - NhatrangVIETNAMFax (84 58) 881 152Email haiduongdngvnnvn

Ms Nasreen Islam KhanAssistant ProfessorDept of Geography amp EnvironmentDhaka University - 1000BANGLADESHFax (880 2) 86 55 83Email nasreengegduccagnicom Nasreen_ikhanyahoocom geographydubanglanet

Lt Cdr Zaharuddin MaideenHydrographic DirectorateRoyal Malaysian Navy Ministry of DefenceJalan padang Tembak 50634 Kuala LumpurMALAYSIATel 603-2313700Fax 603 2987972Email zahalintmnetmy

Mr Goonasilan SoopramaniaMauritius Meteorological ServicesVacoasMAURITIUSFax (230) 686 1033Email meteointernetmu

Cdr A BhushanNaval Hydrographic OfficePost Box No 75 107-A Rajpur RoadDEHRADUN - 248 001 INDIAFax 0091 (135) 748373

Shri MM Malleswara RaoNational Institute of OceanographyRegional Centre176 Lawsons Bay ColonyVISAKHAPATNAM - 530 017 INDIAFax 0891-543595Email mmmraokadalinioorg

Lt Cdr IN JobINS HansaGOA - 403 802 INDIAEmail simulatebom2vsnlnetinTel 0834-51 8441

Lt TP MahatoNational Hydrographic SchoolCo Heaquarters Goa Naval AreaVasco-da-GamaGOA - 403 802 INDIAFax 0834 - 513419Tel 0834 - 51395051 Extn 242344347Email nhsgoabom2vsnlnetin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 2

B RESOURCE PERSONS

Mr Vishwas ChavanScientistCentre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyUppal RoadHYDERABAD - 500 007 INDIATel +91-40-7172241Fax +91-40-7171195Email vishwasyahoocom vishccmbarpnicin

Ir Paul GeerdersConsultant amp training on remote sensing amp data management for marine and coastal applicationsKobaltpad 16 3402 JL IJsselsteinTHE NETHERLANDSFax 31 (30) 688 49 42Email pgconswxsnl

Mr Aravind Ghosh KScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email garvindcsniorennicin garvinddaryanioorg

Prof R MahadevanScientific AdvisorNational Institute of Ocean TechnologyIIT Madras CampusMADRAS - 600 036 INDIAEmail devansamratnioternetin

Mr Peter PissierssensProgramme Specialist IODEMIMIntergovernrmental OceanographicCommission of UNESCO1 rue Miollis75732 Paris Cedex 15FRANCEFax 33 145685812Tel 33 145684046Email ppissierssensunescoorg

Mr GV ReddyScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email reddycsniorennicin reddydaryanioorg

Dr Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data CentreMaritime Headquarters Wylde StPotts Point NSW 2011AUSTRALIAFax + 612 9359 3120Email gregaodcgovauTel + 612 9359 3141

Prof P SadanandanAssociate DirectorNational Centre for Software Technology6th Floor Main Tower Visvesvaraya CentreDr BR Ambedkar VeedhiBANGALORE - 560 001 INDIAEmail psncsternetinFax 286 2531

Mr JS SarupriaHead Data amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email sarujsdaryanioorg sarujscsniorennicin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 1

ANNEX III LECTURE NOTES

LIST OF ATTACHED LECTURE NOTES

1 Session A Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (PPissierssens)2 Session A IODE Institutional Components and the International Ocean Data System (P Geerders)3 Session A IODE Data Flow and Monitoring Procedures (P Geerders)4 Session A IODE Operational Projects (P Geerders)5 Session A NODC Tasks amp Responsibilities (G Reed)6 Session B Data Information and Metadata (G Reed)7 Session B A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data (G Reed)8 Session C Numerical Vs Textual Databases (MP Tapaswi)9 Session C Distributed Database Management Systems (G Reed)10 Session E Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data (Pankajakshan Thadathil)11 Session E Geographic Information System (GIS) (PD Kunte)12 Session F Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools (A Ghosh)13 Session F HyperText Markup Language (PPissierssens)14 Session F Numerical Databases Over WWW (V Chavan)15 Session F Serving Textual Factual databases on the web (MP Tapaswi)16 Session F Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro (PPissierssens)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 2

1 INTRODUCTION TO IODE amp IOC REGIONAL POLICY(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

URZLQJWRZDUGVDURZLQJWRZDUGVDQHZHUDQHZHUD

Slide 2

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

2(ltHVWHUGD2(7RGD2(7RPRUURZ

In order to address the question lsquowhat will IODE be tomorrowrsquo we first need to look atIODE yesterday and IODE today

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 3

Slide 3

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ampUHDWLRQ2amp

IODE History

Going back 37 years IODE is one of the oldest IOC programmes established in 1961The IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission) is a part of UNESCO Therelationship with UNESCO is a bit more complicated than that because although IOCis part of UNESCO it has its own governing bodies an assembly and executive councilIOC also has its own Member States which are sometimes different from the UNESCOMember States (eg the United States are a Member State of IOC but not of UNESCO)Currently the IOC has 126 Member States

Slide 4

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC

What is unique about the IOC is that it is the ONLY United Nations body that dealsONLY with the Oceans Many other UN agencies have activities related to the Oceansbut the Oceans are only part of their mandatesometimes peripheral The IOC deals onlywith the Oceans

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 4

Slide 5

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

OREDO3URJUDPPHVplusmn 2FHDQ6FLHQFH

26526152FHDQ0DSSLQJ0DULQH3ROOXWLRQamp=0

plusmn 2(plusmn 7VXQDPLDUQLQJ6VWHPplusmn OREDO2FHDQ2EVHUYDWLRQ226266plusmn 7UDLQLQJ(GXFDWLRQ7(0$

5HJLRQDO3URJUDPPHV

IOC Activities

Slide 6

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC Regional Programmes

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 5

Slide 7

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Milestones1956-59 International Geophysical Year Established WDCs

for Oceanography amp Marine Geology amp Geophysics1960 IOC Establishment

Oct 1961 Establishment of a Working group on Exchangeof Oceanographic Data Call on Member States toestablish national data centres

1965 Publication of the first edition of the IODE Manual

1973 Establishment of the IODE Working Committee withnew Terms of Reference

OctNov 77 Established Joint IOC-WMO IGOSS Committee

1979 Publication of the first issue of the MEDI Catalogue

1970s Operation of the RNODC pilot scheme

1978-90s Development of the GF3 format amp publication ofGF3 Manual (6 volumes) Establishment of theRNODC for GF3 at ICES Headquarters

1981 RNODC scheme becomes operational

1987 IODE becomes the International Oceanographic Data ampInformation Exchange System (acronym has beenretained)

1988 Launching the GTSPP project

1990 Publication of the GTSPP Manual

Nov 90 OceanPC project approved for implementation

1991 Publication of the revised version of the IODE Manualjointly with ICSU Panel on WDCs

1992 Launching GOOS

Feb 92 Ocean Climate Data Workshop

Dec 92 Adoption of the IODE data management policy

1993 GODAR project approved for implementation

1993 Publication of the OceanPC software amp Manual

1993 Publication of the third edition of the MEDI Catalogue

1994 GEBCO CD-ROM

1995 World Ocean Atlas 94 set of CD-ROMs

Mar 95 Think Tank Meeting

1996 Publication of the IGOSS-IODE Data ManagementStrategy in support of GOOS

May 1996 Workshop on Manag of Biological amp ChemicalData

1996 GTSPP amp GLOSS CD-ROMs

1996 IODE Home Page on WWW server

IODE has also been one of the most active programmes of the IOC I am showingyou a list of IODE milestones I will not even try to go through all of these

Slide 8

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Objectives

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The IODE has been established with the objective to enhance marine researchexploration and development by facilitating the exchange of oceanographic dataand information between participating Member States

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 6

Slide 9

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE StructurebulllsquoPhysicalrsquo Structure

bullWorld Data Centre OceanographybullNational Oceanographic Data Centre or DesignatedNational Agency (NODC DNA)bullResponsible NODC (RNODC)

bulllsquoOrganizationalrsquo StructurebullIODE CommitteebullIODE OfficersbullIODE Groups of Experts (GE-)

bulllsquoOperationalrsquo Structurebulldata flow

Now let us have a look at the structure of the IODE system We can distinguish threetypes of structure1- the physical structure2- the organizational structure3- the operational structure

1- physical structure here we have to remember that the IODE system wasdeveloped in a time when there was no Internet Physical structures therefore had tobe built in a centralized manner we had world data centres national oceanographicdata centres and responsible NODCs (I am coming back to these individually in amoment)2- organizational structure in order to develop maintain and manage the systemIODE set up an IODE Committee appointed IODE Officers and brought together a number of Groups of Experts3- operational structure defining the data flow

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 7

Slide 10

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 72$lt

56 Data centres in 53 countries

Looking at the physical structure during its 37 years of existence the IODE systemhas been able to set up 56 national data centres (including NODCs and DNAs) in 53countries - Oceanography

There are 56 National Oceanographic Data Centres Designated National Agenciesand World Data Centre (Oceanography) in 53 countries Argentina Australia BrazilBulgaria Canada Chile Peoplersquos Republic of China Colombia Republic of CroatiaEcuador Arab Republic of Egypt Finland France Germany Ghana GreeceGuatemala Guineacutee Iceland India Islamic Republic of Iran Ireland Italy JapanKenya Peoples Democratic Republic of Korea Republic of Korea MalaysiaMexico Morocco Netherlands Nigeria Norway Pakistan Peru PhilippinesPoland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Seychelles South Africa SpainSweden United Republic of Tanzania Trinidad amp Tobago Turkey Ukraine UnitedKingdom United States of America Uruguay Venezuela VietnamNone in Mauritius Qatar Bangladesh

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 8

Slide 11

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Centre Tasks

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plusmn VHHNDQGDFTXLUHGDWDIURPQDWLRQDOVRXUFHVIRULQWHUQDWLRQDOH[FKDQJH

plusmn VXEPLWGDWDWRampRU512ampplusmn SURYLGHRFHDQGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQLQDXVDEOHIRUPWRDZLGHXVHUFRPPXQLW

plusmn SDUWLFLSDWHLQPHHWLQJVRI2(

Letrsquos look at the Data Centre tasksA National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) willbull acquire process quality control inventory archive and disseminate data in

accordance with national responsibilitiesbull be responsible for conducting international exchangebull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are

exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data andsubmit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography orRNODC

bull provide ocean datainformation in a usable form to a wide user communitybull participate in meetings of IODESome Member States that have not established an NODC have instead identifiedDesignated National Agencies (DNAs)NODC can receive data or inventory information from the WDCs for Oceanographyor RNODCs

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 9

Slide 12

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

WDCs 86$5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ

ampKLQD

5HFHLYHDUFKLYHRFHDQRJUDSKLFGDWDLQYHQWRULHVIURP12ampV512ampVPDULQHVFLHQFHRUJDQL]DWLRQVDQGLQGLYLGXDOVFLHQWLVWV

SURYLGHGDWDLQYHQWRULHVDQGSXEOLFDWLRQVWR12ampV1$VWR512ampVWRLQWHUQDWLRQDOFRRSHUDWLYHSURJUDPPHV

0RQLWRUSHUIRUPDQFH2(VVWHP

bull USA Russian Federation Chinabull Receive amp archive oceanographic data amp inventories from NODCs RNODCs

marine science organizations and individual scientistsbull provide data inventories and publications to NODCs DNAs to RNODCs amp to

international co-operative programmesbull Monitor performance IODE system

Slide 13

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

RNODCs

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plusmnVSHFLILFJHRJUDSKLFUHJLRQV 512amp62amp512amp12512ampIRU(673$amp

A special case is the RNODC They are NODCs which have also accepted someadditional responsibilities These can be to deal with specific data types eg driftingbuoys data marine pollution data etcor they can take responsibility for specific geographic regions eg Southern OceansIndian Ocean (such as the IODC) Western Pacific etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 10

Slide 14

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Organization 2(ampRPPLWWHHplusmn +HDGV12ampV2(2IILFHUV

2(2IILFHUVplusmn ampKDLUPDQ9LFHampKDLUPDQampKDLUVURXSVRI([SHUWVLUHFWRUVampV

2(URXSVRI([SHUWVplusmn (00(7$(

2(7DVN7HDPVplusmn 5HP6HQVDWDampHQWUH6HUY0DULRODWD

Letrsquos proceed with the Organizational structureFirst of all we have an IODE Committee This is composed of representatives fromeach data centre and of course also the IODE officersThe IODE officers include a Chairman and Vice-Chairman elected by the Committee(the current Chairman is Ben Searle who is with us this week) Officers also includethe Chairpersons of the Groups of Experts and the Heads of the 3 WDCsWe also have Groups of Experts For specific areas within the mandate of IODE theCommittee has established Groups of Experts As the name implies these Groupsare composed of experts They are people identified by their own country following arequest from the IOC secretariat They then meet at regular periods (every 2-3 years)to discuss specific issues They often prepare action plans and carry outprogrammesOne example is the GE-MIM of which we have a member here ie MrMurari TapaswiFinally we have a few task teams These deal with specific topics and usually have alimited lifespan

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 11

Slide 15

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Ships Moorings Satellites

NationalInstitutions

USERSUSERS

NODCDNA

RNODC

WDC-Oceanogr

USERS

USERS

IODE Data Flow

Just a few words about the operational structure ie the data flow In this verysimplified diagram you can see how data flow through the IODE system

Slide 16

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Policy )XOODQGRSHQVKDULQJ )UHHRUORZFRVWGDWDVHUYLFHV DWDDYDLODEOHZLWKLQHDUDIWHUFROOHFWLRQ

DWDDUFKLYLQJFRPPLWPHQW $SSO6WDQGDUGV

Full and open sharingFree or low-cost data servicesData available within 1 year after collectionData archiving commitmentApply Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 12

Slide 17

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

The Continuum

DWD0HWDGDWDQIRUPDWLRQ KRRHVKDW

Now through the years a giant distinction has been made between datamanagement on one side (numerical data) and information management on theother side (textual information) Rarely would these two meet However in the pastfew years a new creature (or so it seems) has surfaced ie meta data TextualInformation describing Numerical Data and data sets We therefore need to considerthese three as a continuum

Slide 18

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Types

0DULQH+GURORJLFDO 0DULQHHRORJLFDOHRSKVLFDO 0DULQHampKHPLFDO 0DULQH3ROOXWLRQ 5HPRWH6HQVLQJQHZ 0DULQHLRORJLFDOQHZ

Data Management data typesIODE deals with a wide variety of data types

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 13

Slide 19

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Activities

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQWplusmnOREDO76332662$5PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGV4ampFRRUGLQDWLRQZLWKRWKHUDJHQFLHV

plusmn5HJLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSKLFDWDDQGQIRUPDWLRQ1HWZRUNIRU$IULFD21$)5amp$

plusmnampDSDFLWEXLOGLQJ

Are data centres just archives of data No although many started out that waymany data centres now produce data productsGEBCO many other examples around us this week

Slide 20

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

6WDQGDUGVIRU0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

HYHORSPHQWRI001HWZRUNVLQGHYHORSLQJUHJLRQV

OREDOLUHFWRURI0DULQHDQG)UHVKZDWHU3URIHVVLRQDOV

2FHDQ3LORWGDWDEDVH

0DULQH0HWDGDWD0DQDJHPHQW6VWHP0(

0DULQHLEOLRJUDSKLF7RROVampRRSHUDWLRQLQ$6)$

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QIRUPDWLRQ7HFKQRORJNQRZKRZVKDULQJ

IODE Activities

Standards library management systems (eg software) standards for directory typedatabases monitoring of technological advancements for information exchange suchas ILLMIM networks RECOSCIX-WIO -CEA GLODIR OceanPilot MEDI ASFA

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 14

Slide 21

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Capacity Building

$VVLVWDQFHGHYHORSPHQWRI12ampV 7UDLQLQJDQG(GXFDWLRQ microGDWDPDQDJHPHQWIDPLOpara

Assistance the IOC assists member states that wish to set up national datamanagement infrastructure by sending experts (from within the system) to assessthe national situation discuss options and assist with the planningTraining and Education training courses and workshops at national or regional level(next week) Eg these can be organized following the mission I just mentionedNew NODCs are welcomed into the data management family more mature NODCsaccept internships from newly established NODCs for periods of 2-3 months Most ofthe time the NODCs donrsquot charge for this assistance although it must be consideredas on-the-job training IOC provides the air ticket and living expensesNew strategy training and education should be organized within project frameworkabandon one-hit training activities without follow-up (eg ODINAFRICA)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 15

Slide 22

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Sharing

12ampVSURGXFWDQGVHUYLFHGHYHORSPHQW

6KDULQJRIUHVRXUFHV

WE have all witnessed the wide variety of products and services developed in manyof the NODCs present here with us

Slide 23

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 7202552

RZHVHUYHRXUFXVWRPHUVKRDUHRXUFXVWRPHUV

Do we serve our customers First who are our customers

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 16

Slide 24

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE UserCommunities

HIRUHVFLHQWLVWV 1RZDQGWRPRUURZplusmnVFLHQWLVWVplusmnLQGXVWUJRYHUQPHQWplusmnGHFLVLRQSROLFPDNHUV

Yesterday and today mainly scientistsToday and tomorrow

Slide 25

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Datarequirements

2SHUDWLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSK 2(GHODHGPRGHKLJKTXDOLW4amp

5HDOWLPH02paraV266

The new customers will increasingly want lsquooperational oceanographyrsquo dataTraditionally IODE deals with delayed-mode data often cruise based The IODEsystemrsquos major added value is the quality control mechanism set up throughout theIODE systemA programme which is much more aimed at real-time data management is theWMOrsquos Integratedl Global Ocean Services System IGOSSTo get the both of both worlds IODE and IGOSS are therefore growing closer to eachother

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 17

Slide 26

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODE

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQW([FKDQJH0LVVLRQ6WDWHPHQW

0DULQHDWD([FKDQJHDQG0DQDJHPHQW2EMHFWLYH

This has led to the drafting of joint IGOSSIODE Marine Data Management andExchange Statement which says that

Slide 27

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEMission Statement

sup3266DQG2(ZLOOFRQWLQXHHIIRUWVLQJDLQLQJDUHSXWDWLRQIRUH[FHOOHQFHLQWKHPDQDJHPHQWDQGSURFHVVLQJRIPDULQHGDWDDQGLQWKHJHQHUDWLRQDQGGLVWULEXWLRQRIGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQDQGSURGXFWVWKURXJKDZHOOVXSSRUWHGVFLHQFHHQGRUVHGKLJKOIRFXVVHGDQGWHFKQLFDOOFRPSHWHQWGLVWULEXWHGJURXSRIGDWDFHQWUHVDQGUHODWHGDJHQFLHVacute

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 18

Slide 28

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEObjective

sup37RFUHDWHDQLQWHJUDWHGDQGWHFKQRORJLFDOODGYDQFHGGDWDPDQDJHPHQWSURFHVVLQJDQGGLVWULEXWLRQVVWHPLQRUGHUWRPHHWWKHQHHGVRIWKHLQWHUQDWLRQDOPDULQHLQFO226DQGPHWHRURORJLFDOFRPPXQLWLHVFRPSDWLEOHZLWKamp26GDWDPDQDJHPHQWVVWHPDQGLQSDUWLFXODUVXSSRUWLQJWKHGHFLVLRQPDNLQJSURFHVVRIQDWLRQDOJRYHUQPHQWVLQGHWHUPLQLQJHQYLURQPHQWDOOVXVWDLQDEOHGHYHORSPHQWSROLFacute

Slide 29

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEGoals

0DNHFROOHFWHGGDWDDYDLODEOHWRZLGHVWUDQJHRIXVHUV

ampUHDWHGLVWULEXWHGGDWDQHWZRUN 3URYLGHSURGXFWV 3URYLGHTXDOLWFRQWUROPHFKDQLVPV

Add Regional and global marine related programmes are seen as major customersfor both IGOSS and IODE data management and exchange capabilities This is inaddition to the more traditional needs of supporting national interests

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 19

Slide 30

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

Cruise orientation

Platformlsquosystemrsquo approach

There will thus be a major and fundamental change in IODE The main data streamswill result from lsquopermanentrsquo monitoring activities rather than from the traditional lsquoadhocrsquo research cruise Of course the cruise based data streams will still exist and willremain very important

Slide 31

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

IGOSS

IODEGOOS

Data management data distribution and provision of products are key result areasfor GOOS In fact what is GOOSGOOS is conceived as

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 20

Slide 32

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

What is GOOS

DVXVWDLQHGFRRUGLQDWHGLQWHUQDWLRQDOVVWHPIRUJDWKHULQJGDWDDERXWWKHRFHDQVDQGVHDV

DVVWHPIRUSURFHVVLQJVXFKGDWDZLWKRWKHUUHOHYDQWGDWDIURPRWKHUGRPDLQVWRHQDEOHWKHJHQHUDWLRQRIEHQHILFLDODQDOWLFDODQGSURJQRVWLFHQYLURQPHQWDOLQIRUPDWLRQVHUYLFHV

hellip created by the IOC Assembly in 1991

Slide 33

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

GOOS Objectives

6SHFLIGDWDQHHGHGEXVHUVRIRFHDQHQYLURQPHQW

GHYHORSVWUDWHJIRUJDWKHULQJDQGH[FKDQJHRIGDWD

IDFLOLWDWHSURGXFWGHYHORSPHQW IDFLOLWDWHDFFHVVEGHYFRXQWULHV HQVXUH226LQWHJUDWLRQLQJOREDOVWUDWHJLHV

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 21

Slide 34

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

End-to-End DataManagement

3UHSDUHIRU226(7(0FRQFHSWXVHGE7633

The ETEDM implies a known or definable pathway of connections between a basicobservational element and the end use or purpose to which the observation isapplied Typically each type of observation has a range of potential applications andmost applications need more than one observation type So in designing a system toserve a given range of end-uses it is important to know how the observation will beused processed and combined with other observations to deliver and observationalproduct of value to the end userThe ETED concept is already used by GTSPP (global temperature and salinityprofile program) operated jointly by IGOSS and IODE GTSPP uses a continuouslymanaged database to provide for the integration of the real-time (low resolution) datastream with the delayed mode (generally high resolution) data stream

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 22

Slide 35

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

CRUISE

Low-resreal-timeIGOSS

helliphellip

Lab work

IODE system

helliphellipHigh-resdelayed-modeIODE

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

Slide 36

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

real-time helliphellip

Monitoring activity

IODE system

helliphellipQC flags

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

But here the concept of the cruise will be replaced with a specific monitoring activityat the instrument or system level

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 23

Slide 37

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM goals

DWDPDQDJHPHQWVHQVRU 4ampPHWDGDWD LQWHJUDWLRQUHDOWLPHGHODHGPRGH LQFUHDVHFRRUGLQDWLRQGDWDFHQWUHV VLPSOLIPHUJLQJORFDOGDWDVHWV GHYHORSFRQWLQXRXVOXSGDWHGGE VXSSRUWPHUJHRFHDQLFDWPRVSKHULFWHUUHVWULDOGDWD226amp26726

hellipmove the data management closer to the sensorsupport quality control of ocean data and retain all available metadataintegrate real-time and delayed mode data and information processingincrease coordination between data centres and promote the sharing of datasoftware and responsibilities between centressimplify merging local data sets to form global data sets anddevelop a continuously updated databasesupport merge oceanic with atmospheric amp terrestrial data to link GOOS with WWWGCOS GTOS and Distributed Data Base

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 24

Slide 38

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Where are wetoday

2662(amp65PHWDGDWD0(7633FRQWLQXRXVOPDQDJHGGE

ampKDOOHQJHEXLOGRQWKLVPRGHO

What has been done today

IGOSSIODE use cruise summary reportsWe have the Marine Environmental Data Inventory (MEDI) which has been given anew lease of life through efforts by the AODC and BODCAnd we have the continuously managed database of GTSPP monitoring the captureof real-time and their transmission around the worldThe challenge for the IGOSSIODE tandem is therefore to build on this modelimproving the linkages removing bottlenecks caused by duplication or data formatincompatibility problems and develop capabilities (eg establishing new data centres)through capacity building

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 25

Slide 39

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

) H[WHQVLYHQHWZRUNRIGDWDFHQWUHV

IUHHIORZRIGDWD JOREDOQHWZRUNRIH[SHUWLVH

PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGVSURGXFWV

87 QRVWDQGDUGWUDLQLQJWRRONLW

QRJOREDOVWDQGDUGIRUPDWIRUGDWDH[FKDQJH

YROXQWHHUZRUNRQO

Successes andShortcomings

Readadd volunteer work The fact that we deal with volunteer work has the advantagethat we can access a tremendous amount of know how For example whenever wehold group of experts meetings or we organize the IODE Officers or IODECommittee meeting extremely fascinating issues are discussed often it the reallytechnical level However although we then draft really interesting workplans theday-to-day duties of the experts make that progress is very slow We do really needan implementation mechanism such as the one proposed by Ben SearleThe fact that we donrsquot have a standard training toolkit is really an impediment to thedevelopment of new data centres

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 26

2 IODE INSTITUTIONAL COMPONENTS AND THEINTERNATIONAL OCEAN DATA SYSTEM(P Geerders)

Slide 1

1P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Institutional Components and theInternational Ocean Data System

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

2P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE ObjectivesThe International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) system has been

established in 1961 to

enhance marine research exploration and development by facilitating the exchange ofoceanographic data and information between participating Member States

Rationale

ocean basin and global processes

availability of an international exchange system to provide data and information from allavailable sources

local processes

access to data collected by other Member States in their area of interest

The economic benefit of obtaining data by exchange as opposed to collecting it oneself ishuge

Critical succes factors

support of participating Member States

involvement of many individual institutions and marine scientists

contribution of data and the necessary expertise to maintain and further develop the IODEsystem

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 27

Slide 3

3P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE provides

bull an infrastructure a network not only ofpeople but also physcial eg through theInternet (E-mail Web Sites FTP)

bull tools such as procedures and guidelines forinformation and data handling (submissionof planned research completed researchavailable datasets publications formats forexchange and archival)

bull services such as information datareferral advice and assistance

potential commercial value of information and data needs to be kept in mind

Slide 4

4P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network

bull managed and guided by committee underIOC of UNESCO

bull maintains close links with otherintergovernmental and international bodies(UN WMO UNEP EC IAEA IMOFAO )

bull focuses on scientific aspects butincreasingly also supports management ofthe marine and coastal environment and itsresources

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 28

Slide 5

5P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network consists of

bull WDCrsquos World Data Centres (SilverSpring-USA Moscow-Russia Tianjin-China)

bull NODCrsquos National Oceanographic DataCentres (56 around the world)

bull RNODCrsquos Responsible NODCrsquos (10)

Slide 6

6P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of WDC

bull receive oceanographic data and inventories from NODCs RNODCs marine science organizations and individual scientists These data are collected and submitted voluntarily from national programmes or arise from international co-operative ventures

bull provide copies of data inventories and publications to NODCsDNAs to RNODCs and to international co-operative programmes as appropriate in exchange or with a charge not to exceed the cost of providing the service

bull monitor the performance of the international data exchange system and report their findings to the IOC Secretariat and the C-IODE The Committee can use this information to take appropriate action to correct deficiencies in the international exchange system

NOTE In general the exchange of internationally significant data holdings and data inventory information between WDCs for Oceanography and their counterparts is expected to take place on a regular basis without charge in order to keep the data holdings of the Centres identical

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 29

Slide 7

7P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of NODC

bull centralized facility bull providing ocean datainformation bull on a continuing basis bull in a usable form bull to a wide user community bull acquires processes quality controls inventories archives and disseminates data in accordance with national responsibilities bull normally charged with the responsibility for conducting international exchange bull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data and submit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography or RNODC bull can request and receive from the WDCs for Oceanography or RNODCs similar data or inventory information which they need for their own (national) requirements

Some Member States that have not established an NODC have instead officially assigned the responsibility of international exchange of oceanographic data and information to a Designated National Agency (DNA)

Slide 8

8P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of RNODC

Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centres are National Oceanographic Data Centres who have accepted additional special responsibilities These can include specific data types (eg Drifting Buoys data) or specific regions (eg Southern Oceans)

RNODC-SOC (Southern Oceans)

RNODC for Drifting Buoys Data

RNODC for IGOSS (BATHY and TESAC)

RNODCS for MARPOLMON

RNODC for WESTPAC (Western Pacific)

RNODC for Waves

RNODC for JASIN

RNODC - Formats

RNODC - ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 30

Slide 9

9P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE committee work done by

bull Groups of Experts

[meet periodically continuous activity]

bull Task Teams

[work only by correspondence worklimited in time]

bull Plenary Session (about every 2-3 years)

[representatives of WDCrsquos NODCrsquos andRNODCrsquos with observers of relatedorganisations]

SEE IODE HANDBOOK

Slide 10

10P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Activities

Marine Data Management

Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue Project (GODAR)

Oceanographic Data and Information Network for Africa (ODINAFRICA)

Marine Information Management

Development of Standards for Marine Information Management

Development of Marine Information Management Networks in developingregions

Development of Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) Scientists

Development of Ocean Pilot database

Development of Marine Metadata Management System

Development of Marine Bibliographic Tools Cooperation in ASFA

Cooperation with IAMSLIC and its regional groups

Information Technology know-how sharing

Development Electronic Information Services

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 31

Slide 11

11P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Tools for

METADATA MANAGEMENT

Blue Pages

Irish EDMED

DATA MANAGEMENT

ArcExplorer

ATLAST

OceanPC

ROSWin

SURFER

Slide 12

12P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODErsquos Data and Information Sources

IODE helps you to find

bull marine scientists and institutions (GLODIR)

bull marine science related web sites (OceanPilot)

bull marine science related Internet discussion lists (ListServs)

bull information on marine science related conferences and meetings

bull what does an abbreviation (acronym) stand for (OceanAcronyms)

bull a scientific publication (bibliography)

bull marine science libraries (IDALIC)

bull useful websites (Training amp Tools KnowHow-KnowNow)

bull ocean data (Datasets)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 32

Slide 13

13P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Training Tools

IODE Resource Kit

middot specific methods tools and systems (principally concerned with databases and software) that can be applied to all types of coastal programs middot a broad suite of training and orientation services middot the web version is a demonstration model of the full version which is being made available on CD-ROM

KnowHow-KnowNow

In this quick referral section you will find places to go when you need know-how to carry out marine information or marine data related tasks

Data amp Information Management Tools

middot specific marine data or marine information management methodology and technology middot information on a wide variety of software tools where to get information how much they cost middot in some cases the software tools are available from our server In other cases we provide links to the author or company that distributessells the product

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 33

3 IODE DATA FLOW AND MONITORING PROCEDURES(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Data Flow and MonitoringProcedures

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

Phases of a data acquisition activity

bull planning =gt DNPNOP

bull completion =gt ROSCOP

bull pre-processing =gt QAQC

bull processing =gt MEDIBlue Pages

bull interpretation

bull publication =gt ASFAASFIS

bull archival

bull exchange =gt IODE network

data access conditionsbull free and open sharingbull at no or low costbull available lt 1 year after collectionbull commitment for permanent archivalbull application of standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 34

4 IODE OPERATIONAL PROJECTS(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Operational Projects

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

IODE Projects

bull GTSPP Global Temperature and SalinityProject

bull IGOSS Integrated Global Ocean ServicesSystem (with WMO)

bull GOOS Global Ocean Observing System

bull GODAR Global Ocean Data Archeologyand Rescue Project

bull QC Quality Control Manual

bull periodic training opportunities ininformation and data management

bull advice on and assistance with informationand data management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 35

Slide 3

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 3

GODAR Project and Achievements

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 4

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 4

IODE GODAR project

GODAR - WHAT IS GODAR

IOCrsquos GLOBAL OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA ARCHAEOLOGY AND RESCUE PROJECT

GODAR - WHY

bull fundamental importance and value of the databull risk of being lost to future usebull for compilation of global oceanographic databases

GODAR - AIMS

bull digitisation of data which is still in manuscript formbull archival of the data at two or more international data centres in digital formbull compilation of catalogues (inventories) of

- data now available only in manuscript form - data now available only in analogue form - digital data not presently available

bull making all data accessible on various media including CD-ROMs

GODAR - WHICH DATA HAS PRIORITY

bull hydrographic casts including all chemical and biological observations bull salinity-conductivity temperature-depth casts bull expendable bathythermograph casts bull mechanical bathythermograph casts

GODAR - RESULTS AT PRESENT

bull atlasesbull technical reports bull workshop reports (5)bull CD-ROMrsquos

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 36

Slide 5

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 5

New technology for data acquisitionRemote Sensing

Data Buoys

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 6

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 6

New technologies

some examples

bull Remote Sensing from aircraft and fromspace

bull Automated Systems on data buoys andremote fixed platforms

bull ADCP

bull towed ondulating systems

common aspects

bull high spatial coverage andor

bull high temporal coverage but mostly

bull non-standard output products

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 37

Slide 7

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 7

Common system elements

bull transducer (from geophysical variable to electronic variablecurrent voltage frequency)

bull digitising (from analogue to digital form)

bull multiplexing (combine several datastreams into one)

bull recording (record data on board for later transmission orretrieval)

bull transmission (transmission of full datastream to receivingcentre)

bull reception (reception of transmitted datastream)

bull de-multiplexing (separation of data from differentsensorstransducers)

bull pre-processing (translation of data into geophysical units andquality control)

bull processing (conversion into required format includingcomputation of averages etc)

bull presentation (display of the data in various forms and formatsfor specific applications)

bull archival (permanent or semi-permanent archival of the data)

bull distribution (to users and applications)

Slide 8

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 8

Some aspects of Remote Sensing

bull 3 windowsvisible 400-800 nm =gt colour

infrared 1-100 micron =gt temperature

microwaves 1-100 cm =gt ldquowaterstructurerdquo

bull passive versus active techniques

bull platformssatellite (geostationary or polar orbit)

aircraft

high towers or locations

bull sensors and their data structure

radiometers =gt point data

scanners =gt line data

CCD matrix =gt image

Synthetic aperture =gt image

bull product generation requires

field data for calibration and validation

atmospheric correction (espvisible and infrared)

algorithm to translate RS data into relevant geophysical parameter

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 38

6 Data Information and Metadata(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Data Information and MetadataData Information and Data Information and MetadataMetadata

Slide 2

2

Data and InformationData and InformationData and Information

bull Data is the raw material

bull The raw material is processed

bull The result is information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 39

Slide 3

3

An Information SystemAn Information SystemAn Information System

bull An information system is defined as a set of rules usedto process data and convert it into information

bull The information system processes the raw data isuseful people

bull The relationship between data and information is oftensummarised in the Input-Process-Output Model

Input Process Output

Slide 4

4

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

ldquo Data ManagementData Management is the process of planning

coordinating and controlling an organisations

datardquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 40

Slide 5

5

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

bull Data management is a philosophy ofndash managing data as an organisational resource

ndash treating data as an important sharable resource

bull Data management is the mechanism for deliveringinformation to decision makers

Slide 6

6

Data ManagementData ManagementData Management

bull The scope of data management ranges from dataacquisition to the production of some kind of output

bull Data management covers the storage transporttransformation combination aggregation of data andmaking it available to those who need it and have theright to access it

bull Data management ends when data becomesinformation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 41

Slide 7

7

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

bull ldquoInformation about datardquo

bull Metadata describes the content quality condition andother characteristics of data

bull Not the actual dataset itself

Slide 8

8

Example of MetadataExample ofExample of Metadata Metadata

bull A library cataloguendash Title of book

ndash Author

ndash Publication date

ndash Unique reference number

ndash Where to find it

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 42

Slide 9

9

Importance of MetadataImportance ofImportance of Metadata Metadata

bull Provides a means to discover that a dataset exists andhow it can be accessed

bull Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

bull Makes data more accessible

bull Reduces duplication of data collection

Slide 10

10

Metadata for Marine DataMetadataMetadata for Marine Data for Marine Data

Metadata elements include

bull Identificationndash name of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

bull Data qualityndash positional and attribute accuracy completeness

bull Distributionndash who holds the data formats and media

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 43

Slide 11

11

Two different approaches

bull Comprehensive definition of data elements to definemetadata including data transfer

bull Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

Metadata StandardsMetadataMetadata Standards Standards

Slide 12

12

bull Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)ndash standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

ndash lengthy

ndash compliance is difficult to achieve

ndash terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 44

Slide 13

13

bull International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)ndash draft international standard for metadata

ndash defines 2 levels of compliance

Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required touniquely identify a dataset

ndash title responsible party date language abstract purposeprogress extent keywords use constraints spatial referencesystem distribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe adataset

ndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citationinformation

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

Slide 14

14

bull Australia New Zealand Land Information Council(ANZLIC)ndash uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

ndash Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

ndash Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

ndash Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 45

Slide 15

15

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Slide 16

16

IODE and MetadataIODE and IODE and MetadataMetadata

bullbull MEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationMEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationReferral SystemReferral System

bull MEDI Objectives ldquoMEDI will provide the marine community with referrals

concerning the availability location andcharacteristics of marine environmental data to meettheir specific needsrdquo (1979)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 46

Slide 17

17

MEDI CatalogueMEDI CatalogueMEDI Catalogue

bull First published in 1979 - contained 86 datasetdescriptions from 40 institutions in 20 countries

bull Second edition published in 1985 - contained 219datasets from 64 institutions in 32 countries

bull Third edition published in 1993 - contained 247datasets from 40 institutions in 27 countries

bull All three editions were made available in printedformat only (as IOC Manual and Guides)

Slide 18

18

MEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot Project

bull 15th Session of IODE (1996) recommended thesetting up of a pilot project to ldquoTest ways and means of applying modern technology to

the further development of the MEDI system and on thebasis of these investigations to draft a specification fora revised MEDIrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 47

Slide 19

19

Existing Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata Systems

bull Review of three marine metadata directory systemshas been undertakenndash European Directory of Marine Environmental Data

(EDMED)

ndash Marine amp Coastal Data Directory of Australia (BluePages)

ndash Extended EDMED for Ireland

bull Similar structure for all these directories - only minorvariations

Slide 20

20

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryTheThe Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory

bull Main function is management of marine metadata

bull Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

bull Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadata guidelines

bull Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 48

Slide 21

21

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 22

22

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 49

Slide 23

23

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software

bull Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

bull Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

bull Two versions of the softwarendash compiled version requires MS Access 7 licence7

ndash run-time version does not require MS Access

bull Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 50

7 A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

1International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

A Metadata Directory System forMarine Data

A Metadata Directory System forA Metadata Directory System forMarine DataMarine Data

Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data Centre

Slide 2

2International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

Data about data

Metadata describes the content quality conditionand other characteristics of data

Not the actual dataset itself

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 51

Slide 3

3International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Example of MetadataExample of MetadataExample of Metadata

A library catalogue Title of book

Author

Publication date

Unique reference number

Where to find it

Slide 4

4International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Importance of MetadataImportance of MetadataImportance of Metadata

Provides a means to discover that a dataset existsand how it can be accessed

Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

Makes data more accessible

Reduces duplication of data collection

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 52

Slide 5

5International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata elements include

Identificationname of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

Data qualitypositional and attribute accuracy completeness

Distributionwho holds the data formats and media

Slide 6

6International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata StandardsMetadata StandardsMetadata Standards

Two different approaches

Comprehensive definition of data elements todefine metadata including data transfer

Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 53

Slide 7

7International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

lengthy

compliance is difficult to achieve

terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Slide 8

8International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)draft international standard for metadata (Geographic

Information - 15046 Part 15 Metadata)

defines 2 levels of compliance Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required to uniquely

identify a datasetndash title responsible party date language abstract purpose progress

extent keywords use constraints spatial reference systemdistribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe a datasetndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citation

information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 54

Slide 9

9International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards Australia New Zealand Land Information Council

(ANZLIC)uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Slide 10

10International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 55

Slide 11

11International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Directories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine Data

A successful Marine Data Directory must becomplete

easy to use

reliable

Should contain enough information for a user todetermine the suitability of a dataset

Slide 12

12International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory Main function is management of marine metadata

Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadataguidelines

Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 56

Slide 13

13International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 14

14International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 57

Slide 15

15International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

Two versions of the softwarecompiled version requires MS Access 7 licence

run-time version does not require MS Access

Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

Slide 16

16International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

ConclusionConclusionConclusion

Metadata is fundamental - not incidental

Metadata directories should contain sufficient detailfor users to identify suitable datasets

Metadata directories containing only core metadataelements are easier to populate and maintain

Ease of use and flexible search tools are essential toencourage use of metadata directories

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 58

8 Numerical Vs Textual Databases(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Numerical Vs TextualDatabases

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

DBMS

bull Structured information storage amp retrievalsoftware

bull Initially came into being for handling ofnumerical data like

rArr Stores inventory controlrArr Salary management

rArr Accountancy etc

bull Notable examples of well known softwares Dbase FoxPro Access

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 59

Slide 3

TEXTUAL DBMS

bull Deal with data whose major constituent istext

bull Offer many features normally found inword processing softwares

rArr Cut - PasterArr Insert - Replace moderArr Cursor movement

bull by arrow keysbull word by wordbull to beginning amp end of the field

rArr Delete field contents from cursor positiononwards or whole field

Slide 4

bull Handle fields of varying length

rArr Optimal utilization of HD space

rArr Freedom for defining maximum length of afield

rArr Freedom of defining databases for complexstructure

rArr Linking two records from same database

rArr Storage of data in ISO - 2709 format

textual DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 60

Slide 5

rArr Conglomerate date elements of singleconcept under one roof (field) keepingtheir identity

rArr Generate indexes on the desiredsubfields only

bull Offer repeatable field facility

rArrTo accommodate data elements of thesame field occurring more than once

bull Offer sub-field facility

textual DBMS

Slide 6

DATA ENTRY

bull Support multiple data entry worksheets

bull Automatically recall of last modifiedrecord or search result(s) for editing

bull Control characters for filing informationand search term delimiters

rArr using lt gt within the data fields

bull Scrolling fields for data entry of longerelements

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 61

Slide 7

bull Pick-list assistance for data withstandard structure

bull Help messages to assist data entry

data entry

Slide 8

DISPLAY FORMATS

bull Multiple display formats

bull Line break at word level

bull Data display formats to includecommands which produce

rArr Data (contents of given field)

rArr Actions (skipping to new line leavingblank lines amp columns lower - uppercase etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 62

Slide 9

rArr Numerical

rArr String

rArr Boolean

rArr String function help to link two records todisplay data as if it is from single record

bull Support different type of expressionsamp functions

display formats

Slide 10

bull Allow escape sequences to printdata in bold italics etc

bull Sorted output

display formats

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 63

Slide 11

DATA INVERSION INDEXING

bull Use of single index to allow search fora given term in any field

bull Index on

rArr Whole field

rArr Specific subfield(s) of a field

rArr Words in a field

rArr Phrases

Slide 12

bull Index terms for efficient retrievalbacked up by efficient index notingrArr Record number

rArr Field of occurrence

rArr Occurrence number

rArr Sequence number

bull lsquoStopwordrsquo file to prevent indexing ofwords not likely to be searched (like aan the or not and their these etc)

data inversion

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 64

Slide 13

SEARCH

bull Search expressions based onBoolean algebra consisting of searchoperators OR AND NOT

bull Search expressions built onrArr Precise terms (words phrases numbers

etc)

rArr Right truncated terms

rArr lsquoAnyrsquo terms (a collective term standing forset of predefined search terms)

Slide 14

bull Field level and proximity searchoperatorsrArr Same field

rArr All repeatable fields as single field (G)

rArr Within a single repeatable field (F)

rArr Terms within the field not longer than lsquonrsquowords apart (eg AhellipB (maximum twowords between A amp B)

rArr Terms within the field exact lsquonrsquo wordsapart (eg A$$B (exactly one word apart)

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 65

Slide 15

bull Parenthesis for expressive syntax

bull Specified field or group of fields inwhich the term to appear (egA(350 351)

bull Free text search for fields notindexed beyond Boolean logic

bull Display of searched results indesired format

search

Slide 16

bull Search byrArr Typing search expression

rArr Picking up terms from the dictionary(indexed list of terms)

rArr Recalling previous search expression (andediting if required)

rArr Recalling previous search set

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 66

Slide 17

bull Sort and print retrieved records indesired format

bull The desired format can be predefinedor to be defined for case specific

RETRIEVAL

Slide 18

bull Printing to support page layoutparameters required for a particularprint runrArr Headings sub-headings

rArr Page numbers or no page number

rArr Number of columns

rArr Line width column width

rArr Lines page

rArr End of column tolerance

rArr Data indention

retrieval

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 67

Slide 19

DATA TRANSFER ANDPROGRAMMING

bull Import amp export records from toother databases

bull Take backup

bull Programming with high levellanguages with additional library ofcertain functions and procedures

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 68

9 Distributed Database Management Systems(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Distributed Database ManagementSystems

Distributed Database ManagementDistributed Database ManagementSystemsSystems

Slide 2

2

BackgroundBackgroundBackground

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 69

Slide 3

3

What is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database System

bull A distributed database (DDB) is a collection ofmultiple logically interrelated databases distributedover a computer network

bull A distributed database management system (D-DBMS)is the software that manages the DDB and provides anaccess mechanism that makes the distributiontransparent to the users

bull Distributed database system (DDBS)=DDB+D-DBMS

Slide 4

4

Centralised DBMS on a NetworkCentralised Centralised DBMS on a NetworkDBMS on a Network

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 70

Slide 5

5

Distributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS Environment

Slide 6

6

Distributed DBMSDistributed DBMSDistributed DBMS

bull A DBMS manages data stored on several computers(usually geographically distributed) through variouscommunication media (usually networks)

bull Types of transactionsndash Local Transaction accesses data only at one site which

it was submitted

ndash Global Transaction Accesses data either at differentsite than the submission site or accesses data at severalsites

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 71

Slide 7

7

Applications of DDBSApplications of DDBSApplications of DDBS

bull Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)

bull Airlines

bull Hotel chains

bull Corporate MIS

bull Military command and control

bull Any organisation which has a decentralisedorganisation structure

Slide 8

8

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Data sharingndash users at one site can easily access data at other sites

bull Greater availabilityndash failure at one site does not mean that the whole

database is unavailable

bull Autonomy of operation and control of local datandash reduces problems of data management and data access

to local component of DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 72

Slide 9

9

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Ease of reconfiguration and extensionndash new databases and processors can be added to the

network without changing existing systems

bull Lower costsndash smaller computers can be used at each site

Slide 10

10

Disadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBS

bull Complexityndash network architecture

bull Costndash additional hardware required communication costs

bull Distribution of controlndash no one persondepartment in control

bull Lack of experiencendash need specialised skills to implement and run

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 73

Slide 11

11

Network ArchitectureNetwork ArchitectureNetwork Architecture

bull Specifies how sites in the system are connected toeach otherndash fully connected

ndash tree

ndash star

ndash ring

ndash partially connected

bull Network typesndash LAN - local area network

ndash WAN - wide area network

Slide 12

12

Distributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS Architecture

bull autonomy - the degree to which the DBMSs ateach site have control over their operation

bull distribution - the degree towhich the database isdistributed

bull heterogeneity - the degreeto which the DBMSs ateach site are different

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 74

Slide 13

13

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replicationndash stores a relation at two or more sites

bull Advantagesndash availability

bull Disadvantagesndash increased overhead on update

Slide 14

14

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull horizontal

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 75

Slide 15

15

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull vertical

Slide 16

16

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replication and fragmentation

bull combination of the two

bull fragments can be replicated

bull replicates can be fragmented

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 76

Slide 17

17

Network TransparencyNetwork TransparencyNetwork Transparency

Transparency

bull the degree to which users can remain unaware of thedetails of the design of the distributed system

Goal

bull to maximise transparency so that users view thedistributed database as a single database

Slide 18

18

Distributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query Processing

The distributed database should look like a singledatabase to users (transparency)

bull a query may require data from several sites

bull factors to considerndash cost of data transmission

ndash reliability of data communications

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 77

10 Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data(Pankajakshan Thadathil Goa India)

Slide 1

Quality and Quality Control ofOceanographic Data

Pankajakshan ThadathilRNODC-INDO

National Institute ofOceanography

Dona Paula Goa

Slide 2

ldquo Oceanographic data is like an infant Unless care is taken it issusceptible to injuries ( errors) However unlike infants data is

immortal Once it is collected it remains as a source ofinformation for everrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 78

Slide 3

Data Collection preparation

Instruments CalibrationReagents Preparation etc H - Factor

Different Stages Sources of Errors Human ( H) Non -H facor

Data Collection Instrument Mulfunctions N-H Factor

Data RecordingDegitisation of Analougeto digital parallelax errorerror in analysis etc

H and N-H

Data TransferFrom hard copy to computerfrom remote sensors to receiving stationrsquos computer

H and N-H

Slide 4

Errors in general can be classified as

Random Errorand

Systematic Error

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 79

Slide 5

General Quality Checks Involved in Oceanographic Data

Inventory Level Checks

Position Datetime Vessel Speed Duplicateand Sounding

Data Level Checks

Visual Inspection Range Check Climatology CheckInversion Check Neighbourhood Check Spikes Stability Check Depth Reversal Duplicate etc

Slide 6

Typical Random and Systemtic Error

bull Random error = (St Dev Sq rt of No Obs )

bull Systematic Error = Bias

26 27 28 29 30 31 32Bucket SST ( C )

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

CTD

- S

ST

( C

)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 80

Slide 7

Vertical Profile

Vertical Section

Horizontal Distribution

Data - Level Check

Visual Inspection

Surface Transient

Spikes Fall Rate

Temperature Inversion

Neighbourhood

Climatology Nub

Wire StretchWire Break

Assignment ofQuality Code

IODC XBT

Data Base

XBT Data

Inventory-level Check

Position

Duplicates

Date-Time

Vessel Speed

Station Sounding

Quality Control Module

Visualisation

An Interactive System for XBT QualityControl and Visualisation

Slide 8

IGOOS Quality Codes

0 No Quality Control ( QC) has been performed on this element1 QC has been performed Element appears to be correct2 QC has been performed Element appears to be inconsistent with other elements3 QC has been performed Element appears to be doubtful4 QC has been performed Element appears to be erroneous5 The value has been changed as a result of QC6 7 and 8 Reserved9 The value of the element is missing

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 81

11 Geographic Information System (GIS)(PD Kunte NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Data Product Development Tools

Pravin D Kunte

e-mail kuntecsniorennicinData amp Information Div

National Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa - 403 004

Geographic Information System (GIS)

Slide 2

Geographic Information System

is a suit of hardware amp software which has capability to handle bothspatial and Non-spatial data concurrently

Four Major components are

bull Database Module bull Analysis Modulebull Presentation Modulebull Capture Module

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 82

Slide 3

G I S Data types and Modules

Geographic data

Physical DimensionGeographic locationAny Qualifying data

ATTRIBUTE DATA -- Qualifies Spatial dataSPATIAL DATA -- Physical Dimension amp Location

Geometric Entities Point line Polygon

Representation of Data VECTOR Vs RASTER

Slide 4

DATA CAPTURE

bullKey board entrybullManual digitizationbullAutomated input

bullImporting ImagesbullImporting DatabullVoice Input

Steps in Data Inputting

1 a) Digitizing Operation b) Auto Scanning (Point or stream mode)2 Import data from other sources 1 Projection 2) Scale3 Raster amp Vector

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 83

Slide 5

G I S DATABASE DESIGN

ATTRIBUTE DATABASE CREATION

Conceptual DesignbullApplication RequirementsbullEnd-utilization GoalsbullTarget Users

Logical DesignbullDatabase specificationbullDatabase ElementsbullDatabase StructurebullDatabase updation procedure

Physical Design Hardware Software requirements

G I S Package Dependent -----

||

Slide 6

SPATIAL DATABASE CREATION

bullDefine reference point and extent for study sitebullCreate Map in Polyconic UnitbullDigitize Theme from Thematic databullEdit and Topology BuildingbullCheck for ErrorsbullCreate separate Themes hellip Theme1 Theme2 etcbullAssociate other Attributes if anyhellipbullTheme ready for Analysis

Define Relation between Spatial and Non-Spatial data

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 84

Slide 7

SPATIAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES

Overlay Operations in Raster amp Vector based System

1 Feature Combination ---- Union amp Intersect

2 Feature Extraction --- Erase --- Clip ampSplit

3 Feature Combination amp Extraction 1 Update 2 Indentity3 Proximity Aggregation4 Spatial Aggregation5 Generalization

Slide 8

MODELING IN G I S

Modeling is a process of doing a systematic and logicalenquiry of the data for establishing the relationshipsbetween the variables

1 Methodological Models How a desired function could be workedout wing different operations in a sequen-tial or in a logically related manner

2 Mathematical Model1 Binary models using nominal variables2 Weighting models at an ordinal level3 Quantitative models using intervals amp ratio

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 85

Slide 9

QUERIES IN G I S

All Kinds of S Q L Queries at following three levels

1 Point mode2 line mode3 Polygon mode

Three levels of Queries

1 Logical 2 Spatio-logical 3 Model base

Slide 10

3 D IN G I S

Digital Surface Modeling (DSM) encompasses task like Understanding of Surface Characteristics

bullD S M GenerationbullD S M analysis for derivativesbullD S M Application

The Derivatives Obtained arebull3D visualization of SurfacebullPlanner derivatives like slops aspects ranges etcbullSpot heights amp surface distances

Applicationbull3D display of bottom topographybullCut amp Fill estimationsbullComparisons of different terrain

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 86

Slide 11

NET WORKING IN G I S

Network is a set of connected lines which are conduitsfor resources movement and are connected to each other at nodes

Elements are

1 Lines 2 Resistance 3 Resource demand 4 Turns5 Stops 6 Facility - Point 7 Blocks

Applications of Networking

1 Path determination 2 Resource allocation3 Distribution analysis 4 Utility locating

Slide 12

G I S can be used in numerous wayshellip

-- for processing amp integrating spatial data-- archiving amp managing data-- for displaying amp generating thematic maps-- for building scenarios-- for predicting impacts-- to simulate amp animate operations amp processes

and also to develop models to represent REALlife situation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 87

Slide 13

G I S in Oceanography

Oceanography being a multidisciplinary study ofdynamic media within which various processes takeplace and interact over a wide range of space and timehas tremendous potential

State-of-the-art

ASFA indicates only 55 studies in Oceanography as comparedto over 2000 land-based application

Out of 55 studies --- 1 63 (35) studies pertain to coast2 16 ( 9) Near shore region3 9 (5) Open Ocean

Slide 14

G I S in Oceanography

Hurdles

1 GIS are designed and built for land application

2 Limited availability of good quality data of temporal nature and uniform density coverage

3 Diversified parameters lat-long time season depth

4 Relatively less physical objects few topo features

5 Media is highly volatile dynamic complex 4 dimensional

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 88

Slide 15

Thanks

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 89

12 Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools(A Ghosh NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

QWHUQHW(YROXWLRQ6SUHDGQWHUQHW(YROXWLRQ6SUHDG3URVSHFWVDQG7RROV3URVSHFWVDQG7RROV

Aravind GhoshAravind Ghosh K KNational Institute of OceanographyNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa 403 004 IndiaDona Paula Goa 403 004 Indiae-mail e-mail garvindgarvindcsniocsniorenrennicnicinin

URL httpURL httpwwwwwwnionioorgorg

Slide 2

KDWLVQWHUQHWKDWLVQWHUQHW

Collection of thousands of computerCollection of thousands of computernetworksnetworks

More than 100 million users More than 100 million users

Growth rate 10 per monthGrowth rate 10 per month

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 90

Slide 3

7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW

Medium for effective communicationMedium for effective communication

Research Support with informationResearch Support with informationretrieval mechanismretrieval mechanism

Cost and Feature flexibilityCost and Feature flexibility

Local as well as International EntityLocal as well as International Entity

Heterogeneous infrastructure andHeterogeneous infrastructure andappearance and usageappearance and usage

Not owned by any oneNot owned by any one

Slide 4

QWHUQHW2ULJLQQWHUQHW2ULJLQ

2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started

2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites started2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites startedoperatingoperating

1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP

1983 - ARPANET and MILNET1983 - ARPANET and MILNET

July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15MbpsMbps

1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agencies1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agenciesto strengthen NSFNETto strengthen NSFNET

April 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPSApril 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 91

Slide 5

QWHUQHW)URQWHDGHUVQWHUQHW)URQWHDGHUV

The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society

Commercial Internet ExchangeCommercial Internet Exchange

FARNETFARNET

Slide 6

QWHUQHW6RFLDOHYHORSPHQWVQWHUQHW6RFLDOHYHORSPHQWV

Internet WormInternet Worm

Slovenia IndependenceSlovenia Independence

Russian CoupRussian Coup

Internet amp PersonalityInternet amp Personality

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 92

Slide 7

QWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROVQWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROV

E-mailE-mail

Telnet - Remote LoginTelnet - Remote Login

FTP - File Transfer ProtocolFTP - File Transfer Protocol

ARCHIEARCHIE

GOPHER and VeronicaGOPHER and Veronica

USENET and Discussion ListsUSENET and Discussion Lists

Wide Area Information ServersWide Area Information Servers

Internet Relay ChatInternet Relay Chat

World Wide Web (WWW)World Wide Web (WWW)

TalkTalk

Slide 8

RUOGLGHHERUOGLGHHE

legitimate way of publishinglegitimate way of publishing

distributed object management systemdistributed object management system

unstructured and serendipitousunstructured and serendipitousbrowsingbrowsing

Search ToolsEnginesSearch ToolsEngines

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 93

Slide 9

6($5amp+72267lt3(66($5amp+72267lt3(6

SUBJECT TREESSUBJECT TREES structured and organized hierarchystructured and organized hierarchy

of categoriesof categories Maintained manuallyMaintained manually Keyword searchable indexesKeyword searchable indexes

Slide 10

6($5amp+72267lt3(66($5amp+72267lt3(6

6($5amp+(11(66($5amp+(11(6 LQGH[VL]HLQGH[VL]H XSGDWHIUHTXHQFXSGDWHIUHTXHQF VHDUFKRSWLRQVVHDUFKRSWLRQV VHDUFKUHWULHYDOVSHHGVHDUFKUHWULHYDOVSHHG UHVXOWVHWSUHVHQWDWLRQUHVXOWVHWSUHVHQWDWLRQ UHOHYDQFHRILWHPVLQUHVXOWVHWUHOHYDQFHRILWHPVLQUHVXOWVHW HDVHRIXVHHDVHRIXVH

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 94

Slide 11

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Slide 12

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Spiders Robot WormsAltaVista httpwwwaltavistadigitalcom Excite httpwwwexcitecom HotBot httpwwwhotbotcom InfoSeek httpwwwinfoseekcom Lycos httpwwwlycoscom OpenText httpwwwopentextuunetca8080 WebCrawler httpwwwwebcrawlercom

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 95

Slide 13

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A2Z httpa2zlycoscom EINet Galaxy httpgalaxyeinetnet InfoSeek httpwwwinfoseekcom Magellan httpwwwmckinleycom Pointcom httpwwwpointcomcom Tradewave Galaxy httpgalaxyeinetnet Yahoo httpwwwyahoocom

Slide 14

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 96

Slide 15

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Slide 16

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Boardwatch Map httpwwwboardwatchcomispusisphtm Thedirectory httpwwwthedirectoryorgareacodehtm The List httpthelistinternetcomReferencecom httpwwwreferencecom MetaList httpwwwherbisoncomherbisoniap_meta_list

html

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 97

Slide 17

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AltaVista (Usenet) httpwwwaltavistadigitalcomDejaNews httpwwwdejanewscom Infoseek (Usenet) httpwwwinfoseekcomReferencecom httpwwwreferencecom NetNews httpharvestcscoloradoeduHarvestbrokersuse

netUsenet Info Centre httpsunsiteunceduusenet-i

Slide 18

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ArchiePlex at NASA httpwwwlercnasagovarchieplexdocformht ml

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 98

Slide 19

ltHOORZ3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQHVltHOORZ3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQHV

American Yellow Pages httpwwwlookupusacomlookupusaoypoypht m

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Slide 20

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 99

Slide 21

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Liszt httpwwwlisztcom TileNet httpwwwtilenettilelistservviewlisthtml

Slide 22

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mlScott Yanoffrsquos Internet Services List httpwwwuwmeduMirrorinetserviceshtml WWW Virtual Library httpwwww3orghypertextDataSourcesbySubj

ectoverviewhtml WebSurfer httpwwwinfohiwaycomwayYahoo httpwwwyahoocom

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 100

Slide 23

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CityNet httpwwwcitynetGeoSurfer httpwwwinfohiwaycomwayVirtual Tourist2 httpwwwvtouristcomvt

Slide 24

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Magellan httpwwwmckinelycomNetReviews httpwwwexcitecomSubjectPoint Communications httpwwwpointcomcom Whole Internet Catalogue httpwww-elcgnncomgnnwicwicsindexhtml

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 101

Slide 25

6SHFLDOL]HG6XEMHFWampDWHJRULHV6SHFLDOL]HG6XEMHFWampDWHJRULHV

ArchNet httpspiritlibuconneduarchaeologyhtml Billrsquos World httpwwwioorg~jgcomOverviewhtml Clearinghouse httpwwwlibumiceduchhomehtml Argus Clearing House httpwwwclearinghousenet

Slide 26

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 102

Slide 27

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Slide 28

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 103

Slide 29

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 104

13 HyperText Markup Language(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

1

HyperText Markup Language

Slide 2

2

HyperText Markup Language

HEVHUYHUHEVHUYHU plusmn3ampRURWKHUFRPSXWLQJVVWHPplusmn2SHUDWLQJVVWHPLQGRZV17VHUYHURU81

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6SHFLDOFDVHSHUVRQDORIIOLQHZHEVHUYHU

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 105

Slide 3

3

HyperText Markup Language

+70+70 6LPSOH6LPSOH +RZWRFUHDWH+70SDJHV+RZWRFUHDWH+70SDJHVplusmn1RWHSDGRUDQWH[WHGLWRUplusmn+70HGLWRU

Slide 4

4

HyperText Markup Language

+70

+($

77(0ILUVWZHESDJH77(

+($

2lt

+HOORWKHUH

2lt

+70

6DYHDVQDPHBRIBILOHKWP

Tell the browser that this is webpage

Title Header

Content starts here

Content stops here

Tell the browser that webpage ends

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 106

Slide 5

5

HyperText Markup Language

UHVVLQJLWXS VWDUWDWWULEXWH VWRSDWWULEXWH S QHZSDUDJUDSK GHIDXOW EU QHZOLQH KU KRUL]RQWDOUXOH

Slide 6

6

HTML Header Styles

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

31RUPDO

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 107

Slide 7

7

HTML Attributes

31RUPDO

3ROG

3WDOLFV

Slide 8

8

HTMLColor

3)217amp225 ))7KLVOLQHLVUHG)217

3)217amp225 ampamp7KLVOLQHLVJUHHQ)217)))) HOORZ

ampamp SXUSOH

)) EOXH

EODFN

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 108

Slide 9

9

HTML Lists

2

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QXPEHUHGOLVWOLQH)217

2

8

EXOOHWHGOLVWOLQH)217

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8

Ordered list

Un-Ordered list

Slide 10

10

HTML Alignment

3$1 ULJKW7KLVLVULJKWDOLJQHG

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 109

Slide 11

11

HTML Tables

7$(25(5

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757

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Border size

New row

New column

Slide 12

12

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 110

Slide 13

13

HTML Hyperlink

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CLICK

Slide 14

14

HTML including images

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 111

Slide 15

15

Website managers

Slide 16

16

Frontpage Editor

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 112

Slide 17

17

Time to try

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 113

14 Numerical Databases Over WWW(V Chavan CMMB Hyderabad India)

Slide 1

Numerical Databases OverWWW

Vishwas ChavanScientist

Centre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyHyderabad India

Slide 2

Databases over Web Approaches

db files to flatascii files Import and Host Live Connectivity

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 114

Slide 3

Flat ascii files on WWW

Oceanline ver 10 Publications ver 10

Slide 4

Oceanline ver 10 OCEANLINE is an online public access catalogue of books monographs

technical reports conference proceedings maps and atlases etcavailable at NIO Library

Files in Oceanline HTML files in varwwwhtdocsOceanline 1indexhtml is the main page

2classearchhtml allows you to perform search Oceanlineaccording to the variou classes

CGI scripts in varwwwcgi-binOceanline 1For the main search

fsearchcgi performs the start search nsearchcgi performs the search for next set of matches psearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches 2For the search according to classes

fclassearchcgi performs the start search nclassearchcgi performs the search for next set of

matches pclassearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 115

Slide 5

Oceanline ver 10 DATA files in varwwwhtdocsOceanlinedata

Category Data file All areas totiso BooksMonographs biso Standards ciso Maps amp Atlases giso Conf preceedings Volumes kiso Dictionaries liso Numerics amp tables niso Technical Reports riso Thesis uiso Bibliographies amp Abstracts ziso isisfdt is the field tags identification file To add new data to Oceanline use the following commands at the prompt 1 cp olddataiso tempiso 2 cat newdataiso tempiso gtolddataiso 3 rm tempiso

Slide 6

Import and Host

Stores db - FoxPro Import to Lotus 123 Fetch into Notes Document base Host on WWW through Domino Server

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 116

Slide 7

Live Connectivity

mSQL MS ACCESS ORACLE

Slide 8

mSQL

Manthan ver 10 Daryavardi ver 10 Animalia ver 10

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 117

Slide 9

Manthan ver 10

Directory-based search engine forOceanographic information over theweb

Implemented using msql has adatabase called rsquomanthanrsquo and has asingle table called rsquoman1rsquo

Database = manthan Table = man1

Slide 10

Manthan ver 10

In varwwwhtdocsmanthanindexhtml is the main pageman1puthtml allows you to add records to manthan database

editmanhtml can be used to edit the records already entered in the databaseocnlnkshtml lists some oceanography and marine related sites on the web

manthanhtml gives mythological background of samudra manthanAbout_Manthanhtml this document

Lite scripts are in samudraHugheswwwmanthan

man1inhtml for accepting data into the databaseman1outhtml for querying the database

man1edthtml for editing the recordsman1uphtml for updating the records

showallhtml displays all records in the database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 118

Slide 11

Manthan ver 10

Database is in samudraHughesmsqldbmanthan and has following filesman1dat is the main data fileman1def is field definition file

man1idx index field fileman1idx-url_in is the main index file

Slide 12

MS ACCESS

Plantae ver 10Win NT (Server Version) - 40Internet Information Server (IIS) ver 30 - Web

ServerMS-Accessrsquo97 (ver 80) - Database Active Server Pages (ASP) - Scripting language

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 119

Slide 13

ORACLE

SPMIS at CCMBWorkgroup version of Oracle 80 as RDBMS

MS Visual Basic 60 as front endActiveX controls (OLE controls) facilitate

visualization of Visual Basic application onWWW

ActiveX controls are in-built with MS VisualBasic 60

Slide 14

Thank You

Have a HappyData Management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 120

15 Serving Textual Factual databases on the web(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Serving Textual Factualdatabases on the web

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

TEXTUAL FACTUALDATABASES

bull Primary resources

rArr Living resources eg Flora Fauna(taxonomic morphological distribution gene-banks etc)

rArr Non-living resources eg Geographicallyreferenced databases (satellite images ofphysiography temperature salinity etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 121

Slide 3

Textual Factual databases

bull Secondary resourcesrArr Metadata Catalogue of cruise tracks

sampling stations etcrArr Human institutional Personnel directory

research projects job opportunities etcrArr Bibliographic OPAC published literaturerArr Links to websites Related institutions

Electronic journals Full text documentsetc

Slide 4

Textual Factual databases

bull Tertiary resources

rArr Socio-economic resources Policyinstruments treaties Fish marketinformation Exporters Importers etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 122

Slide 5

KEY ITEMS

bull Databasebull Search retrieve and display software

(CGI)bull User interface (HTML pages)

Slide 6

DATABASE

bull Structured information in any formbull Reliable databull Sizeable number of recordsbull Frequency of updatebull Multimedia component

rArr Graphics JPEG GIF files of pictures and filmclippings

rArr Audio clippings 5 minutes audio capturedat22 kHz in 16 bit stereo - 5mb WAV or AUfiles

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 123

Slide 7

AUDIO CLIPPING FREEWARE

bull Real Audio Encoder(httpwwwrealcom) to generatecompressed RA files from WAV and AU

bull For best results install Real Audio Playerplug on the users browser

bull HTTP streaming to enable reasonable fastloading of audio files to the clientmachines

bull Real Audio Streaming server High Costs

Slide 8

SEARCH RETRIEVE ANDDISPLAY INTERFACE

bull Dictionary of keywords termsrArr Keywords from all fields specific field

bull Open search expressionsbull Boolean logicbull Ideal to retain information about previoustransactionsrArr Use of lsquoInput Type Hiddenrsquo feature supported

by HTML and to carry the details of queryterms in HTML forms through the searchsession

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 124

Slide 9

Search retrieve anddisplay interfacebull Search on index files pointing to

appropriate records in the database forretrieval

bull Programs linked to HTML search formsas well as HTML output for display

Slide 10

USER INTERFACE (HTMLpages)

bull Home page

rArr Less than 32 k size HTML filerArr Column structure than full screenrArr Use of frames feature supported by

HTML to divide screen in two partsrArr Left part Table of contents

rArr Right part Information page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 125

Slide 11

User interface (HTMLpages) Table of contents

bull Introduction to database (origin purposeownership copyrights updating frequencyetc)

bull Overview (contents building searchstrategy charges for search and retrieval ifany contact for further support etc)

bull Data entry formbull Data display Presentation formatsbull Access to databasebull List of previous search sets in current

session

Slide 12

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

rArr Database title subtitle logorArr Other related products (product on

other media subsets etc)rArr Ownership (Developers funding

agency software)rArr Navigator choice and screen

resolution

bull Opening page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 126

Slide 13

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Search tools

rArr Broad group of data-setsrArr Keywords Term indexrArr Geographical co-ordinates

bull Menu items

rArr Pointers to last screenrArr Next screenrArr Sources starting with letters rArr Buttons for submission cancellation

Slide 14

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Display formats

rArr Indicative informativerArr Graphics film cliprArr Audio background

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 127

16 Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

102498 PPissierssens IOC 1

Dynamic Database publishingusing Filemaker Pro

Slide 2

102498 PPissierssens IOC 2

Step 1 create your database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 128

Slide 3

102498 PPissierssens IOC 3

Step 11 populate your database

Slide 4

102498 PPissierssens IOC 4

Step 2 create the html pages

bull Strategyndash online create new record

ndash online edit record

ndash online search recordLetrsquos do this

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 129

Slide 5

102498 PPissierssens IOC 5

Writing the html pages

bull Defaulthtm

bull Searchhtm

bull Search_resultshtm

search_resultshtm

searchhtm

defaulthtm

Slide 6

102498 PPissierssens IOC 6

Writing the html pages

HIDXOWKWPltA HREF=FMPro-db=testdbFP3amp-lay=webamp

-format=searchhtmamp-viewgtSearch the DatabaseltAgt

database Layout to use

Output format action

ACTION

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 130

Slide 7

102498 PPissierssens IOC 7

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step1 the actionsltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=postgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=testdbfp3gt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=search_resultshtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=search_errorhtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=surnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=firstnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=countrygt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-max VALUE=20gtltPgt

Slide 8

102498 PPissierssens IOC 8

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step 2 the search formSurname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgt ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgt Firstname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=17gtltPgtJob TitleltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_title VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtJob Type ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtOrganization ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=organization VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtTypeltBgtltIgt ltIgtltBgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=organization_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtCity ltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=city VALUE= SIZE=22gtltFONTgtltPgtCountryltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=eqgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=country VALUE= SIZE=23gtltFONTgtltPgtActivities ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=activities VALUE= SIZE=58gtltPgt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 131

Slide 9

102498 PPissierssens IOC 9

Writing the html pages

6HDUFKKWP - step 3 the action buttons

ltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=AND checked=gtMatch all words between fields (AND)ltBRgtltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=ORgtMatch any words between fields (OR)

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-Find VALUE=Start SearchgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgt

Slide 10

102498 PPissierssens IOC 10

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKBUHVXOWVKWP[FMP-RECORD]Name[FMP-FIELD Title] [FMP-FIELD firstname]

[FMP-FIELD middle_name]ltBgt [FMP-FIELD surname]ltBgtltPgtGender[FMP-FIELD gender]ltBRgt Degrees[FMP-FIELD degree]ltBRgt Job Title[FMP-FIELD job_title]ltBRgt

Job Type [FMP-FIELD job_type]ltBRgt Organizationampnbsp [FMP-FIELD organization]ltBRgt Organization type [FMP-FIELD organization_type]ltBRgt Departmentampnbsp[FMP-FIELD department]ltBRgt

Address [FMP-FIELD street_address]ltBRgt City [FMP-FIELD city]ltBRgt Country [FMP-FIELD country]ltBRgt Activities [FMP-FIELD activities]ltPgt

[FMP-RECORD]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 132

Slide 11

102498 PPissierssens IOC 11

The queryHttpscppi591testdbFmPro-DB=testdbfp3amp-Lay=webamp-

format=search_resultshtmamp-error=search_errorhtmamp-SortField=surnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=firstnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=countryamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-max=20amp-op=bwampsurname=amp-op=bwampfirstname=amp-op=bwampjob_title=amp-op=bwampjob_type=amp-op=bwamporganization=amp-op=bwamporganization_type=amp-op=bwampcity=amp-op=eqampcountry=indiaamp-op=bwampactivities=amp-lop=ANDamp-Find=Start+Search

ampOLHQW DWDEDVHform

Filled form

query

resulthtml

HEVHUYHU

Slide 12

102498 PPissierssens IOC 12

The resultndash Search Results

Displaying records 1 through 12 of 12 records found

Name Mr Narayan BHASKARGendermaleDegreesMaster of Fisheries Science (MFSc) Bachelor of Fisheries Science (BFSc)Job TitleScientistJob Type ResearchOrganization Central Food Technological Research InstituteOrganization typeDepartment Meat Fish and Poultry TechnologyAddressCity MysoreCountry IndiaActivities 1 Have worked on incidence of bacteria of public health significance in the cultured shrimpsPenaeus monodonduring both the farming and harvest phases 2 Have worked on the shelflife and quality characteristics of the shrimpPenaeus indicus during ice storage 3 Is associated with the study on the food and feeding habits of the shrimpParapeaeopsis stylifera 4 Has worked on the preservation of salted-dried mackerel(Rastrelliger kanagurta Cuvier) usingfilm forming gums 5 Is associated with the study on the extension of shelf life of seer and mackerel steaks using lacticfermentation 6 Has studied the biochemical aspects of the underutilised crustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepaLatreille) from the point of view of processing 7Recently I have proposed projects on the isolation and characterisation oftransglutaminase from the Indian fishcrustacean species for the production of surimi Utilisation of the underutilisedcrustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepa Latreille) for producing value added products evaluation of cultured and wildcaught Indian major carps for the incidence of bacteria of public health significance

[end of this record]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 133

Slide 13

102498 PPissierssens IOC 13

Creating a new record

Step 1 QHZKWP

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE= SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE= SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=30gt

continue here for other fieldsUserID ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=userid VALUE= SIZE=30gtPassword ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=password VALUE= SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME= -New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to next StepgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Slide 14

102498 PPissierssens IOC 14

Creating a new record

bull Step 2 QHZBUHSOKWP

A record has been added to the database

lta href=ldquodefaulthtmrdquogtGo back to menultagt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 134

Slide 15

102498 PPissierssens IOC 15

Editing a recordbull OPTION 1 without security

ndash include field for unique identifierndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull OPTION 2 with securityndash Verify userid and passwordndash list entries for that userID and passwordndash allow selection of record to editndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull TRY

Slide 16

102498 PPissierssens IOC 16

Editing a record

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE=[FMP-Field title] SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE=[FMP-Field firstname]

SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE=[FMP-Field

middle_name] SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE=[FMP-Field surname] SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to nextStepgt

ltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Current value

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 135

Slide 17

102498 PPissierssens IOC 17

Error[FMP-IF CurrentErroreq 509]

Required Value ErrorSorry required information is missing Please check your submission and try again

[FMP-ELSE]

New Record Error

There was an error adding a record to the database Please check your

submission and try again - amp91 ERR[FMP-CURRENTERROR]amp93

ampnbsp

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

Error codes

500 Date value does not meet validation entry options

501 Time value does not meet validation entry options

502 Number value does not meet validation entry options

503 Value in field does not meet range validation entry options

504 Value in field does not meet unique value validation entry options

505 Value in field failed existing value validation test

506 Value in field is not a member value of the validation entry option value list

507 Value in field failed calculation test of validation entry option

508 Value in field failed query value test of validation entry option

509 Field requires a valid value

[FMP-IF]

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

[end of report]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex IV - page 1

ANNEX IV

LIST OF ACRONYMS

ASFA Aquatic Science and Fisheries AbstractsCD-ROM Compact Disk ndash Read Only MemoryDNA Designated National AgencyGEBCO General Bathymetric Chart of the OceansGE-MIM Group of Experts on Marine Information ManagementGIS Geographic Information SystemGLODIR Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) ProfessionalsGLOSS Global Sea Level Observing SystemGOOS Global Ocean Observing SystemGODAR Global Oceanographic Data Archeology and RescueGTSPP Global Temperature and Salinity Profile ProgrammeIGOSS Integrated Global Ocean Services SystemIOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (of UNESCO)IOCINCWIO IOC Regional Committee for the Co-operative Investigation in the North and Central

Western Indian OceanIOCINDIO IOC Regional Committee for the Central Indian OceanIODE International Oceanographic Data and Information ExchangeMEDI Marine Metadata Management SystemNIO National Institute of Oceanography (India)NODC National Oceanographic Data CentreODINEA Oceanographic Data and Information NetworkODINAFRICA Oceanographic Data and Information Network for AfricaRNODC-MEDI Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centre ndash MEDIWDC-A World Data Centre-AWWW World-Wide Web

  • Contents
Page 4: IOC/IODE/NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 2

developed jointly between IOC and NIO with IOC selecting the international lecturers and NIO identifyingIndian lecturers and resource persons

The following topics were covered during the Training Course

SESSION 1 THE IODE SYSTEM

lt Introduction to IODE and the IOC Regional Programmeslt The IODE institutional components and the international ocean data systemlt The IODE data flow and monitoring procedureslt IODE Data Products and Operational Projectslt Establishing a National Oceanographic Data Centre

SESSION 2 DATA METADATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

lt New technologies for data acquisition remote sensinglt Global Oceanographic Data Archeology and Rescue (GODAR)lt Marine data management at the RNODC-INDOlt The continuum data metadata and informationlt Metadata management the MEDI Pilot Projectlt Information management the IODE Marine Information Management programme

SESSION 3 DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

lt Advances in database management systems from relational to object-oriented and beyondlt Advances in database management systems distributed database management systemslt Numerical databases vs text-oriented databases

SESSION 4 USING RDBMS IN OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA MANAGEMENT

lt Introduction to Microsoft Accesslt Searching the database introduction to SQLlt Examples of databases and data products GEBCO GLOSS etc

SESSION 5 DATA PROCESSING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

lt Oceanographic Data Exchange formatslt Quality Control Procedureslt Data Processing and statisticslt Data product development tools GIS

SESSION 6 IODE AND THE INTERNET

lt Introduction to the Internetlt Serving information to users over the WWWlt Serving numerical databases to users over the WWWlt Serving textualfactual information databases over the WWW

SESSION 7 SOFTWARE FOR OCEAN DATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

lt The IODE Resource Kit

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 3

lt The IODC NIO CDROMlt The IODE XBT quality control software

A detailed timetable of the course is added as Annex I

4 LECTURE NOTES

In order to provide a clear overview of the wide variety and scope of the Training Course and toprovide an opportunity to those who were not able to participate to share in the many interesting lectureswe are providing some copies (or summaries) of the lectures given during the Course in Annex III

5 COURSE EVALUATION

In order to constantly improve the quality of the IODE training courses participants were requestedto evaluate the lectures in terms of

- the relevance of the lecture to the course objectives- the clarity of the presentation- the quality of the presentation

The most appreciated lectures (gt= 810) in terms of their relevance to the course objectives were

- Introduction to IODE and the IOC Regional Programmes- The continuum data metadata and information- Practical exercise on MEDI- Practical exercise on MS Access amp Practical exercise on SQL- Oceanographic Data Exchange formats- Introduction to the Internet- Practical exercise on HTML- The IODE Resource Kit

The least appreciated lectures (lt= 410) in terms of their relevance to the course objectives were

- IODE Data Products and Operational Projects- Numerical Databases vs text-oriented databases (traditionally interest of data managers for

text-based information management is low)- Web databases (this lecture was considered too theoretical)- Demonstration INODC on INGRES DBMS (it was observed that none of the participants used

the INGRES DBMS and as such relevance was considered as small)- Data Processing and statistics (this lecture was considered too theoretical)- Demonstration ArcView at INODC- Serving numerical databases to users over the WWW (this low score was attributed to the

observation that insufficient time was spent on this subject)

Additional comments provided on the evaluation sheet and during the discussions are summarized asfollows

lt More emphasis should be put on practical exercises

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 4

lt There were too many lectures and lecturerslt In some cases it was regretted that the presentations (slides) were of poor quality Presentations

should be of high qualitylt Presentation hand-outs should be distributed prior to the lecture so participants with language

problems can better preparelt Lecturers should use real-world exampleslt The course should include individual or group projectslt More attention should be given on how to establish an NODC or DNA with special emphasis on

minimum requirements and possibilities for institutions with minimal resources

6 CLOSING OF THE SESSION

During his closing speech Mr Peter Pissierssens on behalf of the IOC Executive Secretarythanked Dr E Desa Director of the National Institute of Oceanography Goa for the substantial supportprovided by NIO which enabled IOC to organize this course He also thanked the lecturers and otherresource persons as well as all NIO staff who had been involved in the excellent support for the trainingcourse

He noted that the IOCINDIO region was still a relatively young regional body which hadregrettably not been very active so far However he stressed that personal contacts established duringtraining courses such as this one are instrumental in generating collaboration and exchange and he invitedthe participants to share their experiences with colleagues back home

Dr JS Sarupria announced that NIO will set up a listserv to enable participants to the trainingcourse to continue communicating and to create a platform which can be used for future collaborationassistance and exchange of experience

In their closing comments on the Course the participants were all unanimous in their highappreciation for the course which they considered as a most useful contribution to their professionalactivities Several participants pledged to contact the relevant authorities in their country to promote theestablishment of a National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) or Designated National Agency (DNA)

Dr E Desa Director NIO invited the participants to visit NIO again and welcomed them to spendsome time at NIO

All participants were provided with a certificate of participation

The IOCIODE - NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange wasclosed on Tuesday 27 October 1998 at 11h00

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 1

ANNEX I

AGENDA AND TIMETABLE

SATURDAY - 17 OCTOBER 19980900 - 0915 REGISTRATION 0915 - 1030 Presentation of the participants1030 - 1100 TEA BREAK

SESSION A IOCIODE SYSTEM (TRAINING HALL)1100 - 1115 Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (P Pissierssens) [ paper presented duringITO98]1115 - 1200 IODE s institutional components and international ocean data system (P Geerders)1200 - 1230 IODE data flow monitoring procedures (P Geerders)1230 - 1300 IODE data products and operational projects (P Geerders)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on ROSCOP forms (Geerders)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1615 Establishing an IODE NODC (G Reed)

SUNDAY - 18 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

MONDAY - 19 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION B DATA METADATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT0925 - 1020 New technology for data acquisition remote sensing data buoys etc (P Geerders)1020 - 1045 GODAR project and achievements (P Geerders)1045 - 1115 The continuum data metadata and information (G Reed)1115 1200 Metadata The MEDI pilot project (GReed)

6(6621amp26()257+(5(672)7+($lt$38amp+2$lt

TUESDAY - 20 OCTOBER 19980930 - 1000 Marine Information Management (Pissierssens)1000 - 1100 Marine data management system at RNODC-INDO (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE Metadata Practical exercise (G Reed) 1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK

SESSION C DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS1400 - 1430 Numerical DBMS vs textual DBMS (MP Tapaswi)1430 - 1500 Advances in DBMS distributed database management systems (G Reed)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 DBMS systems - Database directions (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 2

WEDNESDAY - 21 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION D USING RDBMS IN OCEANOGRAPHY0900 - 1000 Data warehousing (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)1000 - 1100 Web databases (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK

1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access Creating database tables Searching thedatabase (J Pattainak JS Sarupria PPissierssens)

1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1430 Demonstration to other global data sets such as GEBCO etc (PD Kunte)1430 - 1500 Introduction to global data sets and demonstration (CD-ROM - WDC-A etc) (GVReddy)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access self training

THURSDAY - 22 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION E DATA PROCESSING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (TRAINING HALL)0900 - 1000 Oceanographic data exchange formats (JS Sarupria)1000 - 1100 Quality control procedures (T Pankajakshan)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1200 Data product development tools (GIS etc) (PD Kunte)1200 - 1300 Visit to IODC (Demonstration use of INGRES DBMS (L Ratnakaran) and ArcView GIS

(J Pattanaik))1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on MS Access amp SQL1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1730 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)

FRIDAY - 23 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION F IODE AND THE WWW0900 - 1000 Data processing tools interpolation interpolation etc (R Mahadevan)1000 - 1045 The Internet - Introduction Evolution and Tools (A Ghosh)1045 - 1115 TEA BREAK1115 - 1145 Serving information to users over the WWW HTML (PPissierssens)1145 - 1200 Serving numerical databases over the WWW (V Chavan)1200 - 1300 Serving textualfactual database over the WWW (MP Tapaswi PPissierssens)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on HTML1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)1630 1700 The IODC NIO CDROM Demo (PD Kunte)

SATURDAY - 24 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAYSUNDAY - 25 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 3

MONDAY - 26 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION G SOFTWARE FOR OCEAN DATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT (IODC)0900 - 1100 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on format conversion (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 1230 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit)(PPissierssens)1230 - 1300 Library visit (Tapaswi)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit) continued1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 The IODE XBT quality control software demo (Pankajakshan)1630 - 1730 Evaluation of the Training course

TUESDAY - 27 OCTOBER 1998

0930 - 1100 Discussions on evaluation and receommendations1100 CLOSING CEREMONY (SEMINAR HALL)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 1

ANNEX II

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND RESOURCE PERSONS

A PARTICIPANTS

Mr Mohamed Said Al MohanadiMarine Science DepartmentUniversity of QatarPO Box 2713 DohaQATARFax (974) 892135Email alshoqeriqueduqa

Mr Thilakasiri MendisOceanography Division of NARAMattakkuliya Colombo 15SRI LANKAFax (94) 1522 932 or (94) 1522 699Email jayasirinaraaclk

Dr Trinh The HieuInstitute of Oceanography01 Canada - NhatrangVIETNAMFax (84 58) 881 152Email haiduongdngvnnvn

Ms Nasreen Islam KhanAssistant ProfessorDept of Geography amp EnvironmentDhaka University - 1000BANGLADESHFax (880 2) 86 55 83Email nasreengegduccagnicom Nasreen_ikhanyahoocom geographydubanglanet

Lt Cdr Zaharuddin MaideenHydrographic DirectorateRoyal Malaysian Navy Ministry of DefenceJalan padang Tembak 50634 Kuala LumpurMALAYSIATel 603-2313700Fax 603 2987972Email zahalintmnetmy

Mr Goonasilan SoopramaniaMauritius Meteorological ServicesVacoasMAURITIUSFax (230) 686 1033Email meteointernetmu

Cdr A BhushanNaval Hydrographic OfficePost Box No 75 107-A Rajpur RoadDEHRADUN - 248 001 INDIAFax 0091 (135) 748373

Shri MM Malleswara RaoNational Institute of OceanographyRegional Centre176 Lawsons Bay ColonyVISAKHAPATNAM - 530 017 INDIAFax 0891-543595Email mmmraokadalinioorg

Lt Cdr IN JobINS HansaGOA - 403 802 INDIAEmail simulatebom2vsnlnetinTel 0834-51 8441

Lt TP MahatoNational Hydrographic SchoolCo Heaquarters Goa Naval AreaVasco-da-GamaGOA - 403 802 INDIAFax 0834 - 513419Tel 0834 - 51395051 Extn 242344347Email nhsgoabom2vsnlnetin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 2

B RESOURCE PERSONS

Mr Vishwas ChavanScientistCentre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyUppal RoadHYDERABAD - 500 007 INDIATel +91-40-7172241Fax +91-40-7171195Email vishwasyahoocom vishccmbarpnicin

Ir Paul GeerdersConsultant amp training on remote sensing amp data management for marine and coastal applicationsKobaltpad 16 3402 JL IJsselsteinTHE NETHERLANDSFax 31 (30) 688 49 42Email pgconswxsnl

Mr Aravind Ghosh KScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email garvindcsniorennicin garvinddaryanioorg

Prof R MahadevanScientific AdvisorNational Institute of Ocean TechnologyIIT Madras CampusMADRAS - 600 036 INDIAEmail devansamratnioternetin

Mr Peter PissierssensProgramme Specialist IODEMIMIntergovernrmental OceanographicCommission of UNESCO1 rue Miollis75732 Paris Cedex 15FRANCEFax 33 145685812Tel 33 145684046Email ppissierssensunescoorg

Mr GV ReddyScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email reddycsniorennicin reddydaryanioorg

Dr Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data CentreMaritime Headquarters Wylde StPotts Point NSW 2011AUSTRALIAFax + 612 9359 3120Email gregaodcgovauTel + 612 9359 3141

Prof P SadanandanAssociate DirectorNational Centre for Software Technology6th Floor Main Tower Visvesvaraya CentreDr BR Ambedkar VeedhiBANGALORE - 560 001 INDIAEmail psncsternetinFax 286 2531

Mr JS SarupriaHead Data amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email sarujsdaryanioorg sarujscsniorennicin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 1

ANNEX III LECTURE NOTES

LIST OF ATTACHED LECTURE NOTES

1 Session A Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (PPissierssens)2 Session A IODE Institutional Components and the International Ocean Data System (P Geerders)3 Session A IODE Data Flow and Monitoring Procedures (P Geerders)4 Session A IODE Operational Projects (P Geerders)5 Session A NODC Tasks amp Responsibilities (G Reed)6 Session B Data Information and Metadata (G Reed)7 Session B A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data (G Reed)8 Session C Numerical Vs Textual Databases (MP Tapaswi)9 Session C Distributed Database Management Systems (G Reed)10 Session E Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data (Pankajakshan Thadathil)11 Session E Geographic Information System (GIS) (PD Kunte)12 Session F Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools (A Ghosh)13 Session F HyperText Markup Language (PPissierssens)14 Session F Numerical Databases Over WWW (V Chavan)15 Session F Serving Textual Factual databases on the web (MP Tapaswi)16 Session F Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro (PPissierssens)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 2

1 INTRODUCTION TO IODE amp IOC REGIONAL POLICY(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

URZLQJWRZDUGVDURZLQJWRZDUGVDQHZHUDQHZHUD

Slide 2

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

2(ltHVWHUGD2(7RGD2(7RPRUURZ

In order to address the question lsquowhat will IODE be tomorrowrsquo we first need to look atIODE yesterday and IODE today

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 3

Slide 3

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ampUHDWLRQ2amp

IODE History

Going back 37 years IODE is one of the oldest IOC programmes established in 1961The IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission) is a part of UNESCO Therelationship with UNESCO is a bit more complicated than that because although IOCis part of UNESCO it has its own governing bodies an assembly and executive councilIOC also has its own Member States which are sometimes different from the UNESCOMember States (eg the United States are a Member State of IOC but not of UNESCO)Currently the IOC has 126 Member States

Slide 4

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC

What is unique about the IOC is that it is the ONLY United Nations body that dealsONLY with the Oceans Many other UN agencies have activities related to the Oceansbut the Oceans are only part of their mandatesometimes peripheral The IOC deals onlywith the Oceans

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 4

Slide 5

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

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5HJLRQDO3URJUDPPHV

IOC Activities

Slide 6

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC Regional Programmes

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 5

Slide 7

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Milestones1956-59 International Geophysical Year Established WDCs

for Oceanography amp Marine Geology amp Geophysics1960 IOC Establishment

Oct 1961 Establishment of a Working group on Exchangeof Oceanographic Data Call on Member States toestablish national data centres

1965 Publication of the first edition of the IODE Manual

1973 Establishment of the IODE Working Committee withnew Terms of Reference

OctNov 77 Established Joint IOC-WMO IGOSS Committee

1979 Publication of the first issue of the MEDI Catalogue

1970s Operation of the RNODC pilot scheme

1978-90s Development of the GF3 format amp publication ofGF3 Manual (6 volumes) Establishment of theRNODC for GF3 at ICES Headquarters

1981 RNODC scheme becomes operational

1987 IODE becomes the International Oceanographic Data ampInformation Exchange System (acronym has beenretained)

1988 Launching the GTSPP project

1990 Publication of the GTSPP Manual

Nov 90 OceanPC project approved for implementation

1991 Publication of the revised version of the IODE Manualjointly with ICSU Panel on WDCs

1992 Launching GOOS

Feb 92 Ocean Climate Data Workshop

Dec 92 Adoption of the IODE data management policy

1993 GODAR project approved for implementation

1993 Publication of the OceanPC software amp Manual

1993 Publication of the third edition of the MEDI Catalogue

1994 GEBCO CD-ROM

1995 World Ocean Atlas 94 set of CD-ROMs

Mar 95 Think Tank Meeting

1996 Publication of the IGOSS-IODE Data ManagementStrategy in support of GOOS

May 1996 Workshop on Manag of Biological amp ChemicalData

1996 GTSPP amp GLOSS CD-ROMs

1996 IODE Home Page on WWW server

IODE has also been one of the most active programmes of the IOC I am showingyou a list of IODE milestones I will not even try to go through all of these

Slide 8

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Objectives

7KHQWHUQDWLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSKLFDWDDQGQIRUPDWLRQ([FKDQJH2(VVWHPKDVEHHQHVWDEOLVKHGLQWRplusmn HQKDQFHPDULQHUHVHDUFKH[SORUDWLRQDQGGHYHORSPHQWEIDFLOLWDWLQJWKHH[FKDQJHRIRFHDQRJUDSKLFGDWDDQGLQIRUPDWLRQEHWZHHQSDUWLFLSDWLQJ0HPEHU6WDWHV

The IODE has been established with the objective to enhance marine researchexploration and development by facilitating the exchange of oceanographic dataand information between participating Member States

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 6

Slide 9

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE StructurebulllsquoPhysicalrsquo Structure

bullWorld Data Centre OceanographybullNational Oceanographic Data Centre or DesignatedNational Agency (NODC DNA)bullResponsible NODC (RNODC)

bulllsquoOrganizationalrsquo StructurebullIODE CommitteebullIODE OfficersbullIODE Groups of Experts (GE-)

bulllsquoOperationalrsquo Structurebulldata flow

Now let us have a look at the structure of the IODE system We can distinguish threetypes of structure1- the physical structure2- the organizational structure3- the operational structure

1- physical structure here we have to remember that the IODE system wasdeveloped in a time when there was no Internet Physical structures therefore had tobe built in a centralized manner we had world data centres national oceanographicdata centres and responsible NODCs (I am coming back to these individually in amoment)2- organizational structure in order to develop maintain and manage the systemIODE set up an IODE Committee appointed IODE Officers and brought together a number of Groups of Experts3- operational structure defining the data flow

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 7

Slide 10

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 72$lt

56 Data centres in 53 countries

Looking at the physical structure during its 37 years of existence the IODE systemhas been able to set up 56 national data centres (including NODCs and DNAs) in 53countries - Oceanography

There are 56 National Oceanographic Data Centres Designated National Agenciesand World Data Centre (Oceanography) in 53 countries Argentina Australia BrazilBulgaria Canada Chile Peoplersquos Republic of China Colombia Republic of CroatiaEcuador Arab Republic of Egypt Finland France Germany Ghana GreeceGuatemala Guineacutee Iceland India Islamic Republic of Iran Ireland Italy JapanKenya Peoples Democratic Republic of Korea Republic of Korea MalaysiaMexico Morocco Netherlands Nigeria Norway Pakistan Peru PhilippinesPoland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Seychelles South Africa SpainSweden United Republic of Tanzania Trinidad amp Tobago Turkey Ukraine UnitedKingdom United States of America Uruguay Venezuela VietnamNone in Mauritius Qatar Bangladesh

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 8

Slide 11

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Centre Tasks

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Letrsquos look at the Data Centre tasksA National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) willbull acquire process quality control inventory archive and disseminate data in

accordance with national responsibilitiesbull be responsible for conducting international exchangebull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are

exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data andsubmit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography orRNODC

bull provide ocean datainformation in a usable form to a wide user communitybull participate in meetings of IODESome Member States that have not established an NODC have instead identifiedDesignated National Agencies (DNAs)NODC can receive data or inventory information from the WDCs for Oceanographyor RNODCs

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 9

Slide 12

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

WDCs 86$5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ

ampKLQD

5HFHLYHDUFKLYHRFHDQRJUDSKLFGDWDLQYHQWRULHVIURP12ampV512ampVPDULQHVFLHQFHRUJDQL]DWLRQVDQGLQGLYLGXDOVFLHQWLVWV

SURYLGHGDWDLQYHQWRULHVDQGSXEOLFDWLRQVWR12ampV1$VWR512ampVWRLQWHUQDWLRQDOFRRSHUDWLYHSURJUDPPHV

0RQLWRUSHUIRUPDQFH2(VVWHP

bull USA Russian Federation Chinabull Receive amp archive oceanographic data amp inventories from NODCs RNODCs

marine science organizations and individual scientistsbull provide data inventories and publications to NODCs DNAs to RNODCs amp to

international co-operative programmesbull Monitor performance IODE system

Slide 13

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

RNODCs

5HVSRQVLEOH1DWLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSKLFDWDampHQWUHVWDNHUHVSRQVLELOLWIRUplusmnVSHFLILFGDWDWSHV

512ampIRUULIWLQJXRVDWD512ampIRU266$7+ltDQG7(6$amp512amp6IRU0$532021512ampIRUDYHV512ampIRU-$61512amp)RUPDWV512amp$amp3

plusmnVSHFLILFJHRJUDSKLFUHJLRQV 512amp62amp512amp12512ampIRU(673$amp

A special case is the RNODC They are NODCs which have also accepted someadditional responsibilities These can be to deal with specific data types eg driftingbuoys data marine pollution data etcor they can take responsibility for specific geographic regions eg Southern OceansIndian Ocean (such as the IODC) Western Pacific etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 10

Slide 14

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Organization 2(ampRPPLWWHHplusmn +HDGV12ampV2(2IILFHUV

2(2IILFHUVplusmn ampKDLUPDQ9LFHampKDLUPDQampKDLUVURXSVRI([SHUWVLUHFWRUVampV

2(URXSVRI([SHUWVplusmn (00(7$(

2(7DVN7HDPVplusmn 5HP6HQVDWDampHQWUH6HUY0DULRODWD

Letrsquos proceed with the Organizational structureFirst of all we have an IODE Committee This is composed of representatives fromeach data centre and of course also the IODE officersThe IODE officers include a Chairman and Vice-Chairman elected by the Committee(the current Chairman is Ben Searle who is with us this week) Officers also includethe Chairpersons of the Groups of Experts and the Heads of the 3 WDCsWe also have Groups of Experts For specific areas within the mandate of IODE theCommittee has established Groups of Experts As the name implies these Groupsare composed of experts They are people identified by their own country following arequest from the IOC secretariat They then meet at regular periods (every 2-3 years)to discuss specific issues They often prepare action plans and carry outprogrammesOne example is the GE-MIM of which we have a member here ie MrMurari TapaswiFinally we have a few task teams These deal with specific topics and usually have alimited lifespan

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 11

Slide 15

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Ships Moorings Satellites

NationalInstitutions

USERSUSERS

NODCDNA

RNODC

WDC-Oceanogr

USERS

USERS

IODE Data Flow

Just a few words about the operational structure ie the data flow In this verysimplified diagram you can see how data flow through the IODE system

Slide 16

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Policy )XOODQGRSHQVKDULQJ )UHHRUORZFRVWGDWDVHUYLFHV DWDDYDLODEOHZLWKLQHDUDIWHUFROOHFWLRQ

DWDDUFKLYLQJFRPPLWPHQW $SSO6WDQGDUGV

Full and open sharingFree or low-cost data servicesData available within 1 year after collectionData archiving commitmentApply Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 12

Slide 17

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

The Continuum

DWD0HWDGDWDQIRUPDWLRQ KRRHVKDW

Now through the years a giant distinction has been made between datamanagement on one side (numerical data) and information management on theother side (textual information) Rarely would these two meet However in the pastfew years a new creature (or so it seems) has surfaced ie meta data TextualInformation describing Numerical Data and data sets We therefore need to considerthese three as a continuum

Slide 18

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Types

0DULQH+GURORJLFDO 0DULQHHRORJLFDOHRSKVLFDO 0DULQHampKHPLFDO 0DULQH3ROOXWLRQ 5HPRWH6HQVLQJQHZ 0DULQHLRORJLFDOQHZ

Data Management data typesIODE deals with a wide variety of data types

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 13

Slide 19

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Activities

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQWplusmnOREDO76332662$5PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGV4ampFRRUGLQDWLRQZLWKRWKHUDJHQFLHV

plusmn5HJLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSKLFDWDDQGQIRUPDWLRQ1HWZRUNIRU$IULFD21$)5amp$

plusmnampDSDFLWEXLOGLQJ

Are data centres just archives of data No although many started out that waymany data centres now produce data productsGEBCO many other examples around us this week

Slide 20

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

6WDQGDUGVIRU0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

HYHORSPHQWRI001HWZRUNVLQGHYHORSLQJUHJLRQV

OREDOLUHFWRURI0DULQHDQG)UHVKZDWHU3URIHVVLRQDOV

2FHDQ3LORWGDWDEDVH

0DULQH0HWDGDWD0DQDJHPHQW6VWHP0(

0DULQHLEOLRJUDSKLF7RROVampRRSHUDWLRQLQ$6)$

ampRRSHUDWLRQZLWK$06ampDQGLWVUHJLRQDOJURXSV

QIRUPDWLRQ7HFKQRORJNQRZKRZVKDULQJ

IODE Activities

Standards library management systems (eg software) standards for directory typedatabases monitoring of technological advancements for information exchange suchas ILLMIM networks RECOSCIX-WIO -CEA GLODIR OceanPilot MEDI ASFA

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 14

Slide 21

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Capacity Building

$VVLVWDQFHGHYHORSPHQWRI12ampV 7UDLQLQJDQG(GXFDWLRQ microGDWDPDQDJHPHQWIDPLOpara

Assistance the IOC assists member states that wish to set up national datamanagement infrastructure by sending experts (from within the system) to assessthe national situation discuss options and assist with the planningTraining and Education training courses and workshops at national or regional level(next week) Eg these can be organized following the mission I just mentionedNew NODCs are welcomed into the data management family more mature NODCsaccept internships from newly established NODCs for periods of 2-3 months Most ofthe time the NODCs donrsquot charge for this assistance although it must be consideredas on-the-job training IOC provides the air ticket and living expensesNew strategy training and education should be organized within project frameworkabandon one-hit training activities without follow-up (eg ODINAFRICA)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 15

Slide 22

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Sharing

12ampVSURGXFWDQGVHUYLFHGHYHORSPHQW

6KDULQJRIUHVRXUFHV

WE have all witnessed the wide variety of products and services developed in manyof the NODCs present here with us

Slide 23

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 7202552

RZHVHUYHRXUFXVWRPHUVKRDUHRXUFXVWRPHUV

Do we serve our customers First who are our customers

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 16

Slide 24

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE UserCommunities

HIRUHVFLHQWLVWV 1RZDQGWRPRUURZplusmnVFLHQWLVWVplusmnLQGXVWUJRYHUQPHQWplusmnGHFLVLRQSROLFPDNHUV

Yesterday and today mainly scientistsToday and tomorrow

Slide 25

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Datarequirements

2SHUDWLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSK 2(GHODHGPRGHKLJKTXDOLW4amp

5HDOWLPH02paraV266

The new customers will increasingly want lsquooperational oceanographyrsquo dataTraditionally IODE deals with delayed-mode data often cruise based The IODEsystemrsquos major added value is the quality control mechanism set up throughout theIODE systemA programme which is much more aimed at real-time data management is theWMOrsquos Integratedl Global Ocean Services System IGOSSTo get the both of both worlds IODE and IGOSS are therefore growing closer to eachother

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 17

Slide 26

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODE

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQW([FKDQJH0LVVLRQ6WDWHPHQW

0DULQHDWD([FKDQJHDQG0DQDJHPHQW2EMHFWLYH

This has led to the drafting of joint IGOSSIODE Marine Data Management andExchange Statement which says that

Slide 27

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEMission Statement

sup3266DQG2(ZLOOFRQWLQXHHIIRUWVLQJDLQLQJDUHSXWDWLRQIRUH[FHOOHQFHLQWKHPDQDJHPHQWDQGSURFHVVLQJRIPDULQHGDWDDQGLQWKHJHQHUDWLRQDQGGLVWULEXWLRQRIGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQDQGSURGXFWVWKURXJKDZHOOVXSSRUWHGVFLHQFHHQGRUVHGKLJKOIRFXVVHGDQGWHFKQLFDOOFRPSHWHQWGLVWULEXWHGJURXSRIGDWDFHQWUHVDQGUHODWHGDJHQFLHVacute

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 18

Slide 28

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEObjective

sup37RFUHDWHDQLQWHJUDWHGDQGWHFKQRORJLFDOODGYDQFHGGDWDPDQDJHPHQWSURFHVVLQJDQGGLVWULEXWLRQVVWHPLQRUGHUWRPHHWWKHQHHGVRIWKHLQWHUQDWLRQDOPDULQHLQFO226DQGPHWHRURORJLFDOFRPPXQLWLHVFRPSDWLEOHZLWKamp26GDWDPDQDJHPHQWVVWHPDQGLQSDUWLFXODUVXSSRUWLQJWKHGHFLVLRQPDNLQJSURFHVVRIQDWLRQDOJRYHUQPHQWVLQGHWHUPLQLQJHQYLURQPHQWDOOVXVWDLQDEOHGHYHORSPHQWSROLFacute

Slide 29

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEGoals

0DNHFROOHFWHGGDWDDYDLODEOHWRZLGHVWUDQJHRIXVHUV

ampUHDWHGLVWULEXWHGGDWDQHWZRUN 3URYLGHSURGXFWV 3URYLGHTXDOLWFRQWUROPHFKDQLVPV

Add Regional and global marine related programmes are seen as major customersfor both IGOSS and IODE data management and exchange capabilities This is inaddition to the more traditional needs of supporting national interests

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 19

Slide 30

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

Cruise orientation

Platformlsquosystemrsquo approach

There will thus be a major and fundamental change in IODE The main data streamswill result from lsquopermanentrsquo monitoring activities rather than from the traditional lsquoadhocrsquo research cruise Of course the cruise based data streams will still exist and willremain very important

Slide 31

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

IGOSS

IODEGOOS

Data management data distribution and provision of products are key result areasfor GOOS In fact what is GOOSGOOS is conceived as

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 20

Slide 32

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

What is GOOS

DVXVWDLQHGFRRUGLQDWHGLQWHUQDWLRQDOVVWHPIRUJDWKHULQJGDWDDERXWWKHRFHDQVDQGVHDV

DVVWHPIRUSURFHVVLQJVXFKGDWDZLWKRWKHUUHOHYDQWGDWDIURPRWKHUGRPDLQVWRHQDEOHWKHJHQHUDWLRQRIEHQHILFLDODQDOWLFDODQGSURJQRVWLFHQYLURQPHQWDOLQIRUPDWLRQVHUYLFHV

hellip created by the IOC Assembly in 1991

Slide 33

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

GOOS Objectives

6SHFLIGDWDQHHGHGEXVHUVRIRFHDQHQYLURQPHQW

GHYHORSVWUDWHJIRUJDWKHULQJDQGH[FKDQJHRIGDWD

IDFLOLWDWHSURGXFWGHYHORSPHQW IDFLOLWDWHDFFHVVEGHYFRXQWULHV HQVXUH226LQWHJUDWLRQLQJOREDOVWUDWHJLHV

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 21

Slide 34

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

End-to-End DataManagement

3UHSDUHIRU226(7(0FRQFHSWXVHGE7633

The ETEDM implies a known or definable pathway of connections between a basicobservational element and the end use or purpose to which the observation isapplied Typically each type of observation has a range of potential applications andmost applications need more than one observation type So in designing a system toserve a given range of end-uses it is important to know how the observation will beused processed and combined with other observations to deliver and observationalproduct of value to the end userThe ETED concept is already used by GTSPP (global temperature and salinityprofile program) operated jointly by IGOSS and IODE GTSPP uses a continuouslymanaged database to provide for the integration of the real-time (low resolution) datastream with the delayed mode (generally high resolution) data stream

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 22

Slide 35

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

CRUISE

Low-resreal-timeIGOSS

helliphellip

Lab work

IODE system

helliphellipHigh-resdelayed-modeIODE

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

Slide 36

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

real-time helliphellip

Monitoring activity

IODE system

helliphellipQC flags

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

But here the concept of the cruise will be replaced with a specific monitoring activityat the instrument or system level

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 23

Slide 37

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM goals

DWDPDQDJHPHQWVHQVRU 4ampPHWDGDWD LQWHJUDWLRQUHDOWLPHGHODHGPRGH LQFUHDVHFRRUGLQDWLRQGDWDFHQWUHV VLPSOLIPHUJLQJORFDOGDWDVHWV GHYHORSFRQWLQXRXVOXSGDWHGGE VXSSRUWPHUJHRFHDQLFDWPRVSKHULFWHUUHVWULDOGDWD226amp26726

hellipmove the data management closer to the sensorsupport quality control of ocean data and retain all available metadataintegrate real-time and delayed mode data and information processingincrease coordination between data centres and promote the sharing of datasoftware and responsibilities between centressimplify merging local data sets to form global data sets anddevelop a continuously updated databasesupport merge oceanic with atmospheric amp terrestrial data to link GOOS with WWWGCOS GTOS and Distributed Data Base

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 24

Slide 38

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Where are wetoday

2662(amp65PHWDGDWD0(7633FRQWLQXRXVOPDQDJHGGE

ampKDOOHQJHEXLOGRQWKLVPRGHO

What has been done today

IGOSSIODE use cruise summary reportsWe have the Marine Environmental Data Inventory (MEDI) which has been given anew lease of life through efforts by the AODC and BODCAnd we have the continuously managed database of GTSPP monitoring the captureof real-time and their transmission around the worldThe challenge for the IGOSSIODE tandem is therefore to build on this modelimproving the linkages removing bottlenecks caused by duplication or data formatincompatibility problems and develop capabilities (eg establishing new data centres)through capacity building

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 25

Slide 39

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

) H[WHQVLYHQHWZRUNRIGDWDFHQWUHV

IUHHIORZRIGDWD JOREDOQHWZRUNRIH[SHUWLVH

PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGVSURGXFWV

87 QRVWDQGDUGWUDLQLQJWRRONLW

QRJOREDOVWDQGDUGIRUPDWIRUGDWDH[FKDQJH

YROXQWHHUZRUNRQO

Successes andShortcomings

Readadd volunteer work The fact that we deal with volunteer work has the advantagethat we can access a tremendous amount of know how For example whenever wehold group of experts meetings or we organize the IODE Officers or IODECommittee meeting extremely fascinating issues are discussed often it the reallytechnical level However although we then draft really interesting workplans theday-to-day duties of the experts make that progress is very slow We do really needan implementation mechanism such as the one proposed by Ben SearleThe fact that we donrsquot have a standard training toolkit is really an impediment to thedevelopment of new data centres

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 26

2 IODE INSTITUTIONAL COMPONENTS AND THEINTERNATIONAL OCEAN DATA SYSTEM(P Geerders)

Slide 1

1P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Institutional Components and theInternational Ocean Data System

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

2P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE ObjectivesThe International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) system has been

established in 1961 to

enhance marine research exploration and development by facilitating the exchange ofoceanographic data and information between participating Member States

Rationale

ocean basin and global processes

availability of an international exchange system to provide data and information from allavailable sources

local processes

access to data collected by other Member States in their area of interest

The economic benefit of obtaining data by exchange as opposed to collecting it oneself ishuge

Critical succes factors

support of participating Member States

involvement of many individual institutions and marine scientists

contribution of data and the necessary expertise to maintain and further develop the IODEsystem

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 27

Slide 3

3P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE provides

bull an infrastructure a network not only ofpeople but also physcial eg through theInternet (E-mail Web Sites FTP)

bull tools such as procedures and guidelines forinformation and data handling (submissionof planned research completed researchavailable datasets publications formats forexchange and archival)

bull services such as information datareferral advice and assistance

potential commercial value of information and data needs to be kept in mind

Slide 4

4P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network

bull managed and guided by committee underIOC of UNESCO

bull maintains close links with otherintergovernmental and international bodies(UN WMO UNEP EC IAEA IMOFAO )

bull focuses on scientific aspects butincreasingly also supports management ofthe marine and coastal environment and itsresources

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 28

Slide 5

5P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network consists of

bull WDCrsquos World Data Centres (SilverSpring-USA Moscow-Russia Tianjin-China)

bull NODCrsquos National Oceanographic DataCentres (56 around the world)

bull RNODCrsquos Responsible NODCrsquos (10)

Slide 6

6P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of WDC

bull receive oceanographic data and inventories from NODCs RNODCs marine science organizations and individual scientists These data are collected and submitted voluntarily from national programmes or arise from international co-operative ventures

bull provide copies of data inventories and publications to NODCsDNAs to RNODCs and to international co-operative programmes as appropriate in exchange or with a charge not to exceed the cost of providing the service

bull monitor the performance of the international data exchange system and report their findings to the IOC Secretariat and the C-IODE The Committee can use this information to take appropriate action to correct deficiencies in the international exchange system

NOTE In general the exchange of internationally significant data holdings and data inventory information between WDCs for Oceanography and their counterparts is expected to take place on a regular basis without charge in order to keep the data holdings of the Centres identical

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 29

Slide 7

7P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of NODC

bull centralized facility bull providing ocean datainformation bull on a continuing basis bull in a usable form bull to a wide user community bull acquires processes quality controls inventories archives and disseminates data in accordance with national responsibilities bull normally charged with the responsibility for conducting international exchange bull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data and submit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography or RNODC bull can request and receive from the WDCs for Oceanography or RNODCs similar data or inventory information which they need for their own (national) requirements

Some Member States that have not established an NODC have instead officially assigned the responsibility of international exchange of oceanographic data and information to a Designated National Agency (DNA)

Slide 8

8P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of RNODC

Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centres are National Oceanographic Data Centres who have accepted additional special responsibilities These can include specific data types (eg Drifting Buoys data) or specific regions (eg Southern Oceans)

RNODC-SOC (Southern Oceans)

RNODC for Drifting Buoys Data

RNODC for IGOSS (BATHY and TESAC)

RNODCS for MARPOLMON

RNODC for WESTPAC (Western Pacific)

RNODC for Waves

RNODC for JASIN

RNODC - Formats

RNODC - ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 30

Slide 9

9P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE committee work done by

bull Groups of Experts

[meet periodically continuous activity]

bull Task Teams

[work only by correspondence worklimited in time]

bull Plenary Session (about every 2-3 years)

[representatives of WDCrsquos NODCrsquos andRNODCrsquos with observers of relatedorganisations]

SEE IODE HANDBOOK

Slide 10

10P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Activities

Marine Data Management

Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue Project (GODAR)

Oceanographic Data and Information Network for Africa (ODINAFRICA)

Marine Information Management

Development of Standards for Marine Information Management

Development of Marine Information Management Networks in developingregions

Development of Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) Scientists

Development of Ocean Pilot database

Development of Marine Metadata Management System

Development of Marine Bibliographic Tools Cooperation in ASFA

Cooperation with IAMSLIC and its regional groups

Information Technology know-how sharing

Development Electronic Information Services

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 31

Slide 11

11P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Tools for

METADATA MANAGEMENT

Blue Pages

Irish EDMED

DATA MANAGEMENT

ArcExplorer

ATLAST

OceanPC

ROSWin

SURFER

Slide 12

12P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODErsquos Data and Information Sources

IODE helps you to find

bull marine scientists and institutions (GLODIR)

bull marine science related web sites (OceanPilot)

bull marine science related Internet discussion lists (ListServs)

bull information on marine science related conferences and meetings

bull what does an abbreviation (acronym) stand for (OceanAcronyms)

bull a scientific publication (bibliography)

bull marine science libraries (IDALIC)

bull useful websites (Training amp Tools KnowHow-KnowNow)

bull ocean data (Datasets)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 32

Slide 13

13P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Training Tools

IODE Resource Kit

middot specific methods tools and systems (principally concerned with databases and software) that can be applied to all types of coastal programs middot a broad suite of training and orientation services middot the web version is a demonstration model of the full version which is being made available on CD-ROM

KnowHow-KnowNow

In this quick referral section you will find places to go when you need know-how to carry out marine information or marine data related tasks

Data amp Information Management Tools

middot specific marine data or marine information management methodology and technology middot information on a wide variety of software tools where to get information how much they cost middot in some cases the software tools are available from our server In other cases we provide links to the author or company that distributessells the product

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 33

3 IODE DATA FLOW AND MONITORING PROCEDURES(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Data Flow and MonitoringProcedures

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

Phases of a data acquisition activity

bull planning =gt DNPNOP

bull completion =gt ROSCOP

bull pre-processing =gt QAQC

bull processing =gt MEDIBlue Pages

bull interpretation

bull publication =gt ASFAASFIS

bull archival

bull exchange =gt IODE network

data access conditionsbull free and open sharingbull at no or low costbull available lt 1 year after collectionbull commitment for permanent archivalbull application of standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 34

4 IODE OPERATIONAL PROJECTS(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Operational Projects

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

IODE Projects

bull GTSPP Global Temperature and SalinityProject

bull IGOSS Integrated Global Ocean ServicesSystem (with WMO)

bull GOOS Global Ocean Observing System

bull GODAR Global Ocean Data Archeologyand Rescue Project

bull QC Quality Control Manual

bull periodic training opportunities ininformation and data management

bull advice on and assistance with informationand data management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 35

Slide 3

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 3

GODAR Project and Achievements

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 4

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 4

IODE GODAR project

GODAR - WHAT IS GODAR

IOCrsquos GLOBAL OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA ARCHAEOLOGY AND RESCUE PROJECT

GODAR - WHY

bull fundamental importance and value of the databull risk of being lost to future usebull for compilation of global oceanographic databases

GODAR - AIMS

bull digitisation of data which is still in manuscript formbull archival of the data at two or more international data centres in digital formbull compilation of catalogues (inventories) of

- data now available only in manuscript form - data now available only in analogue form - digital data not presently available

bull making all data accessible on various media including CD-ROMs

GODAR - WHICH DATA HAS PRIORITY

bull hydrographic casts including all chemical and biological observations bull salinity-conductivity temperature-depth casts bull expendable bathythermograph casts bull mechanical bathythermograph casts

GODAR - RESULTS AT PRESENT

bull atlasesbull technical reports bull workshop reports (5)bull CD-ROMrsquos

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 36

Slide 5

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 5

New technology for data acquisitionRemote Sensing

Data Buoys

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 6

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 6

New technologies

some examples

bull Remote Sensing from aircraft and fromspace

bull Automated Systems on data buoys andremote fixed platforms

bull ADCP

bull towed ondulating systems

common aspects

bull high spatial coverage andor

bull high temporal coverage but mostly

bull non-standard output products

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 37

Slide 7

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 7

Common system elements

bull transducer (from geophysical variable to electronic variablecurrent voltage frequency)

bull digitising (from analogue to digital form)

bull multiplexing (combine several datastreams into one)

bull recording (record data on board for later transmission orretrieval)

bull transmission (transmission of full datastream to receivingcentre)

bull reception (reception of transmitted datastream)

bull de-multiplexing (separation of data from differentsensorstransducers)

bull pre-processing (translation of data into geophysical units andquality control)

bull processing (conversion into required format includingcomputation of averages etc)

bull presentation (display of the data in various forms and formatsfor specific applications)

bull archival (permanent or semi-permanent archival of the data)

bull distribution (to users and applications)

Slide 8

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 8

Some aspects of Remote Sensing

bull 3 windowsvisible 400-800 nm =gt colour

infrared 1-100 micron =gt temperature

microwaves 1-100 cm =gt ldquowaterstructurerdquo

bull passive versus active techniques

bull platformssatellite (geostationary or polar orbit)

aircraft

high towers or locations

bull sensors and their data structure

radiometers =gt point data

scanners =gt line data

CCD matrix =gt image

Synthetic aperture =gt image

bull product generation requires

field data for calibration and validation

atmospheric correction (espvisible and infrared)

algorithm to translate RS data into relevant geophysical parameter

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 38

6 Data Information and Metadata(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Data Information and MetadataData Information and Data Information and MetadataMetadata

Slide 2

2

Data and InformationData and InformationData and Information

bull Data is the raw material

bull The raw material is processed

bull The result is information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 39

Slide 3

3

An Information SystemAn Information SystemAn Information System

bull An information system is defined as a set of rules usedto process data and convert it into information

bull The information system processes the raw data isuseful people

bull The relationship between data and information is oftensummarised in the Input-Process-Output Model

Input Process Output

Slide 4

4

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

ldquo Data ManagementData Management is the process of planning

coordinating and controlling an organisations

datardquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 40

Slide 5

5

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

bull Data management is a philosophy ofndash managing data as an organisational resource

ndash treating data as an important sharable resource

bull Data management is the mechanism for deliveringinformation to decision makers

Slide 6

6

Data ManagementData ManagementData Management

bull The scope of data management ranges from dataacquisition to the production of some kind of output

bull Data management covers the storage transporttransformation combination aggregation of data andmaking it available to those who need it and have theright to access it

bull Data management ends when data becomesinformation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 41

Slide 7

7

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

bull ldquoInformation about datardquo

bull Metadata describes the content quality condition andother characteristics of data

bull Not the actual dataset itself

Slide 8

8

Example of MetadataExample ofExample of Metadata Metadata

bull A library cataloguendash Title of book

ndash Author

ndash Publication date

ndash Unique reference number

ndash Where to find it

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 42

Slide 9

9

Importance of MetadataImportance ofImportance of Metadata Metadata

bull Provides a means to discover that a dataset exists andhow it can be accessed

bull Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

bull Makes data more accessible

bull Reduces duplication of data collection

Slide 10

10

Metadata for Marine DataMetadataMetadata for Marine Data for Marine Data

Metadata elements include

bull Identificationndash name of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

bull Data qualityndash positional and attribute accuracy completeness

bull Distributionndash who holds the data formats and media

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 43

Slide 11

11

Two different approaches

bull Comprehensive definition of data elements to definemetadata including data transfer

bull Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

Metadata StandardsMetadataMetadata Standards Standards

Slide 12

12

bull Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)ndash standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

ndash lengthy

ndash compliance is difficult to achieve

ndash terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 44

Slide 13

13

bull International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)ndash draft international standard for metadata

ndash defines 2 levels of compliance

Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required touniquely identify a dataset

ndash title responsible party date language abstract purposeprogress extent keywords use constraints spatial referencesystem distribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe adataset

ndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citationinformation

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

Slide 14

14

bull Australia New Zealand Land Information Council(ANZLIC)ndash uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

ndash Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

ndash Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

ndash Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 45

Slide 15

15

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Slide 16

16

IODE and MetadataIODE and IODE and MetadataMetadata

bullbull MEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationMEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationReferral SystemReferral System

bull MEDI Objectives ldquoMEDI will provide the marine community with referrals

concerning the availability location andcharacteristics of marine environmental data to meettheir specific needsrdquo (1979)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 46

Slide 17

17

MEDI CatalogueMEDI CatalogueMEDI Catalogue

bull First published in 1979 - contained 86 datasetdescriptions from 40 institutions in 20 countries

bull Second edition published in 1985 - contained 219datasets from 64 institutions in 32 countries

bull Third edition published in 1993 - contained 247datasets from 40 institutions in 27 countries

bull All three editions were made available in printedformat only (as IOC Manual and Guides)

Slide 18

18

MEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot Project

bull 15th Session of IODE (1996) recommended thesetting up of a pilot project to ldquoTest ways and means of applying modern technology to

the further development of the MEDI system and on thebasis of these investigations to draft a specification fora revised MEDIrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 47

Slide 19

19

Existing Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata Systems

bull Review of three marine metadata directory systemshas been undertakenndash European Directory of Marine Environmental Data

(EDMED)

ndash Marine amp Coastal Data Directory of Australia (BluePages)

ndash Extended EDMED for Ireland

bull Similar structure for all these directories - only minorvariations

Slide 20

20

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryTheThe Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory

bull Main function is management of marine metadata

bull Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

bull Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadata guidelines

bull Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 48

Slide 21

21

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 22

22

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 49

Slide 23

23

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software

bull Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

bull Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

bull Two versions of the softwarendash compiled version requires MS Access 7 licence7

ndash run-time version does not require MS Access

bull Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 50

7 A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

1International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

A Metadata Directory System forMarine Data

A Metadata Directory System forA Metadata Directory System forMarine DataMarine Data

Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data Centre

Slide 2

2International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

Data about data

Metadata describes the content quality conditionand other characteristics of data

Not the actual dataset itself

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 51

Slide 3

3International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Example of MetadataExample of MetadataExample of Metadata

A library catalogue Title of book

Author

Publication date

Unique reference number

Where to find it

Slide 4

4International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Importance of MetadataImportance of MetadataImportance of Metadata

Provides a means to discover that a dataset existsand how it can be accessed

Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

Makes data more accessible

Reduces duplication of data collection

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 52

Slide 5

5International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata elements include

Identificationname of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

Data qualitypositional and attribute accuracy completeness

Distributionwho holds the data formats and media

Slide 6

6International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata StandardsMetadata StandardsMetadata Standards

Two different approaches

Comprehensive definition of data elements todefine metadata including data transfer

Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 53

Slide 7

7International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

lengthy

compliance is difficult to achieve

terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Slide 8

8International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)draft international standard for metadata (Geographic

Information - 15046 Part 15 Metadata)

defines 2 levels of compliance Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required to uniquely

identify a datasetndash title responsible party date language abstract purpose progress

extent keywords use constraints spatial reference systemdistribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe a datasetndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citation

information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 54

Slide 9

9International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards Australia New Zealand Land Information Council

(ANZLIC)uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Slide 10

10International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 55

Slide 11

11International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Directories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine Data

A successful Marine Data Directory must becomplete

easy to use

reliable

Should contain enough information for a user todetermine the suitability of a dataset

Slide 12

12International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory Main function is management of marine metadata

Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadataguidelines

Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 56

Slide 13

13International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 14

14International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 57

Slide 15

15International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

Two versions of the softwarecompiled version requires MS Access 7 licence

run-time version does not require MS Access

Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

Slide 16

16International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

ConclusionConclusionConclusion

Metadata is fundamental - not incidental

Metadata directories should contain sufficient detailfor users to identify suitable datasets

Metadata directories containing only core metadataelements are easier to populate and maintain

Ease of use and flexible search tools are essential toencourage use of metadata directories

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 58

8 Numerical Vs Textual Databases(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Numerical Vs TextualDatabases

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

DBMS

bull Structured information storage amp retrievalsoftware

bull Initially came into being for handling ofnumerical data like

rArr Stores inventory controlrArr Salary management

rArr Accountancy etc

bull Notable examples of well known softwares Dbase FoxPro Access

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 59

Slide 3

TEXTUAL DBMS

bull Deal with data whose major constituent istext

bull Offer many features normally found inword processing softwares

rArr Cut - PasterArr Insert - Replace moderArr Cursor movement

bull by arrow keysbull word by wordbull to beginning amp end of the field

rArr Delete field contents from cursor positiononwards or whole field

Slide 4

bull Handle fields of varying length

rArr Optimal utilization of HD space

rArr Freedom for defining maximum length of afield

rArr Freedom of defining databases for complexstructure

rArr Linking two records from same database

rArr Storage of data in ISO - 2709 format

textual DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 60

Slide 5

rArr Conglomerate date elements of singleconcept under one roof (field) keepingtheir identity

rArr Generate indexes on the desiredsubfields only

bull Offer repeatable field facility

rArrTo accommodate data elements of thesame field occurring more than once

bull Offer sub-field facility

textual DBMS

Slide 6

DATA ENTRY

bull Support multiple data entry worksheets

bull Automatically recall of last modifiedrecord or search result(s) for editing

bull Control characters for filing informationand search term delimiters

rArr using lt gt within the data fields

bull Scrolling fields for data entry of longerelements

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 61

Slide 7

bull Pick-list assistance for data withstandard structure

bull Help messages to assist data entry

data entry

Slide 8

DISPLAY FORMATS

bull Multiple display formats

bull Line break at word level

bull Data display formats to includecommands which produce

rArr Data (contents of given field)

rArr Actions (skipping to new line leavingblank lines amp columns lower - uppercase etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 62

Slide 9

rArr Numerical

rArr String

rArr Boolean

rArr String function help to link two records todisplay data as if it is from single record

bull Support different type of expressionsamp functions

display formats

Slide 10

bull Allow escape sequences to printdata in bold italics etc

bull Sorted output

display formats

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 63

Slide 11

DATA INVERSION INDEXING

bull Use of single index to allow search fora given term in any field

bull Index on

rArr Whole field

rArr Specific subfield(s) of a field

rArr Words in a field

rArr Phrases

Slide 12

bull Index terms for efficient retrievalbacked up by efficient index notingrArr Record number

rArr Field of occurrence

rArr Occurrence number

rArr Sequence number

bull lsquoStopwordrsquo file to prevent indexing ofwords not likely to be searched (like aan the or not and their these etc)

data inversion

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 64

Slide 13

SEARCH

bull Search expressions based onBoolean algebra consisting of searchoperators OR AND NOT

bull Search expressions built onrArr Precise terms (words phrases numbers

etc)

rArr Right truncated terms

rArr lsquoAnyrsquo terms (a collective term standing forset of predefined search terms)

Slide 14

bull Field level and proximity searchoperatorsrArr Same field

rArr All repeatable fields as single field (G)

rArr Within a single repeatable field (F)

rArr Terms within the field not longer than lsquonrsquowords apart (eg AhellipB (maximum twowords between A amp B)

rArr Terms within the field exact lsquonrsquo wordsapart (eg A$$B (exactly one word apart)

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 65

Slide 15

bull Parenthesis for expressive syntax

bull Specified field or group of fields inwhich the term to appear (egA(350 351)

bull Free text search for fields notindexed beyond Boolean logic

bull Display of searched results indesired format

search

Slide 16

bull Search byrArr Typing search expression

rArr Picking up terms from the dictionary(indexed list of terms)

rArr Recalling previous search expression (andediting if required)

rArr Recalling previous search set

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 66

Slide 17

bull Sort and print retrieved records indesired format

bull The desired format can be predefinedor to be defined for case specific

RETRIEVAL

Slide 18

bull Printing to support page layoutparameters required for a particularprint runrArr Headings sub-headings

rArr Page numbers or no page number

rArr Number of columns

rArr Line width column width

rArr Lines page

rArr End of column tolerance

rArr Data indention

retrieval

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 67

Slide 19

DATA TRANSFER ANDPROGRAMMING

bull Import amp export records from toother databases

bull Take backup

bull Programming with high levellanguages with additional library ofcertain functions and procedures

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 68

9 Distributed Database Management Systems(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Distributed Database ManagementSystems

Distributed Database ManagementDistributed Database ManagementSystemsSystems

Slide 2

2

BackgroundBackgroundBackground

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 69

Slide 3

3

What is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database System

bull A distributed database (DDB) is a collection ofmultiple logically interrelated databases distributedover a computer network

bull A distributed database management system (D-DBMS)is the software that manages the DDB and provides anaccess mechanism that makes the distributiontransparent to the users

bull Distributed database system (DDBS)=DDB+D-DBMS

Slide 4

4

Centralised DBMS on a NetworkCentralised Centralised DBMS on a NetworkDBMS on a Network

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 70

Slide 5

5

Distributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS Environment

Slide 6

6

Distributed DBMSDistributed DBMSDistributed DBMS

bull A DBMS manages data stored on several computers(usually geographically distributed) through variouscommunication media (usually networks)

bull Types of transactionsndash Local Transaction accesses data only at one site which

it was submitted

ndash Global Transaction Accesses data either at differentsite than the submission site or accesses data at severalsites

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 71

Slide 7

7

Applications of DDBSApplications of DDBSApplications of DDBS

bull Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)

bull Airlines

bull Hotel chains

bull Corporate MIS

bull Military command and control

bull Any organisation which has a decentralisedorganisation structure

Slide 8

8

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Data sharingndash users at one site can easily access data at other sites

bull Greater availabilityndash failure at one site does not mean that the whole

database is unavailable

bull Autonomy of operation and control of local datandash reduces problems of data management and data access

to local component of DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 72

Slide 9

9

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Ease of reconfiguration and extensionndash new databases and processors can be added to the

network without changing existing systems

bull Lower costsndash smaller computers can be used at each site

Slide 10

10

Disadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBS

bull Complexityndash network architecture

bull Costndash additional hardware required communication costs

bull Distribution of controlndash no one persondepartment in control

bull Lack of experiencendash need specialised skills to implement and run

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 73

Slide 11

11

Network ArchitectureNetwork ArchitectureNetwork Architecture

bull Specifies how sites in the system are connected toeach otherndash fully connected

ndash tree

ndash star

ndash ring

ndash partially connected

bull Network typesndash LAN - local area network

ndash WAN - wide area network

Slide 12

12

Distributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS Architecture

bull autonomy - the degree to which the DBMSs ateach site have control over their operation

bull distribution - the degree towhich the database isdistributed

bull heterogeneity - the degreeto which the DBMSs ateach site are different

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 74

Slide 13

13

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replicationndash stores a relation at two or more sites

bull Advantagesndash availability

bull Disadvantagesndash increased overhead on update

Slide 14

14

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull horizontal

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 75

Slide 15

15

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull vertical

Slide 16

16

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replication and fragmentation

bull combination of the two

bull fragments can be replicated

bull replicates can be fragmented

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 76

Slide 17

17

Network TransparencyNetwork TransparencyNetwork Transparency

Transparency

bull the degree to which users can remain unaware of thedetails of the design of the distributed system

Goal

bull to maximise transparency so that users view thedistributed database as a single database

Slide 18

18

Distributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query Processing

The distributed database should look like a singledatabase to users (transparency)

bull a query may require data from several sites

bull factors to considerndash cost of data transmission

ndash reliability of data communications

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 77

10 Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data(Pankajakshan Thadathil Goa India)

Slide 1

Quality and Quality Control ofOceanographic Data

Pankajakshan ThadathilRNODC-INDO

National Institute ofOceanography

Dona Paula Goa

Slide 2

ldquo Oceanographic data is like an infant Unless care is taken it issusceptible to injuries ( errors) However unlike infants data is

immortal Once it is collected it remains as a source ofinformation for everrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 78

Slide 3

Data Collection preparation

Instruments CalibrationReagents Preparation etc H - Factor

Different Stages Sources of Errors Human ( H) Non -H facor

Data Collection Instrument Mulfunctions N-H Factor

Data RecordingDegitisation of Analougeto digital parallelax errorerror in analysis etc

H and N-H

Data TransferFrom hard copy to computerfrom remote sensors to receiving stationrsquos computer

H and N-H

Slide 4

Errors in general can be classified as

Random Errorand

Systematic Error

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 79

Slide 5

General Quality Checks Involved in Oceanographic Data

Inventory Level Checks

Position Datetime Vessel Speed Duplicateand Sounding

Data Level Checks

Visual Inspection Range Check Climatology CheckInversion Check Neighbourhood Check Spikes Stability Check Depth Reversal Duplicate etc

Slide 6

Typical Random and Systemtic Error

bull Random error = (St Dev Sq rt of No Obs )

bull Systematic Error = Bias

26 27 28 29 30 31 32Bucket SST ( C )

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

CTD

- S

ST

( C

)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 80

Slide 7

Vertical Profile

Vertical Section

Horizontal Distribution

Data - Level Check

Visual Inspection

Surface Transient

Spikes Fall Rate

Temperature Inversion

Neighbourhood

Climatology Nub

Wire StretchWire Break

Assignment ofQuality Code

IODC XBT

Data Base

XBT Data

Inventory-level Check

Position

Duplicates

Date-Time

Vessel Speed

Station Sounding

Quality Control Module

Visualisation

An Interactive System for XBT QualityControl and Visualisation

Slide 8

IGOOS Quality Codes

0 No Quality Control ( QC) has been performed on this element1 QC has been performed Element appears to be correct2 QC has been performed Element appears to be inconsistent with other elements3 QC has been performed Element appears to be doubtful4 QC has been performed Element appears to be erroneous5 The value has been changed as a result of QC6 7 and 8 Reserved9 The value of the element is missing

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 81

11 Geographic Information System (GIS)(PD Kunte NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Data Product Development Tools

Pravin D Kunte

e-mail kuntecsniorennicinData amp Information Div

National Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa - 403 004

Geographic Information System (GIS)

Slide 2

Geographic Information System

is a suit of hardware amp software which has capability to handle bothspatial and Non-spatial data concurrently

Four Major components are

bull Database Module bull Analysis Modulebull Presentation Modulebull Capture Module

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 82

Slide 3

G I S Data types and Modules

Geographic data

Physical DimensionGeographic locationAny Qualifying data

ATTRIBUTE DATA -- Qualifies Spatial dataSPATIAL DATA -- Physical Dimension amp Location

Geometric Entities Point line Polygon

Representation of Data VECTOR Vs RASTER

Slide 4

DATA CAPTURE

bullKey board entrybullManual digitizationbullAutomated input

bullImporting ImagesbullImporting DatabullVoice Input

Steps in Data Inputting

1 a) Digitizing Operation b) Auto Scanning (Point or stream mode)2 Import data from other sources 1 Projection 2) Scale3 Raster amp Vector

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 83

Slide 5

G I S DATABASE DESIGN

ATTRIBUTE DATABASE CREATION

Conceptual DesignbullApplication RequirementsbullEnd-utilization GoalsbullTarget Users

Logical DesignbullDatabase specificationbullDatabase ElementsbullDatabase StructurebullDatabase updation procedure

Physical Design Hardware Software requirements

G I S Package Dependent -----

||

Slide 6

SPATIAL DATABASE CREATION

bullDefine reference point and extent for study sitebullCreate Map in Polyconic UnitbullDigitize Theme from Thematic databullEdit and Topology BuildingbullCheck for ErrorsbullCreate separate Themes hellip Theme1 Theme2 etcbullAssociate other Attributes if anyhellipbullTheme ready for Analysis

Define Relation between Spatial and Non-Spatial data

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 84

Slide 7

SPATIAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES

Overlay Operations in Raster amp Vector based System

1 Feature Combination ---- Union amp Intersect

2 Feature Extraction --- Erase --- Clip ampSplit

3 Feature Combination amp Extraction 1 Update 2 Indentity3 Proximity Aggregation4 Spatial Aggregation5 Generalization

Slide 8

MODELING IN G I S

Modeling is a process of doing a systematic and logicalenquiry of the data for establishing the relationshipsbetween the variables

1 Methodological Models How a desired function could be workedout wing different operations in a sequen-tial or in a logically related manner

2 Mathematical Model1 Binary models using nominal variables2 Weighting models at an ordinal level3 Quantitative models using intervals amp ratio

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 85

Slide 9

QUERIES IN G I S

All Kinds of S Q L Queries at following three levels

1 Point mode2 line mode3 Polygon mode

Three levels of Queries

1 Logical 2 Spatio-logical 3 Model base

Slide 10

3 D IN G I S

Digital Surface Modeling (DSM) encompasses task like Understanding of Surface Characteristics

bullD S M GenerationbullD S M analysis for derivativesbullD S M Application

The Derivatives Obtained arebull3D visualization of SurfacebullPlanner derivatives like slops aspects ranges etcbullSpot heights amp surface distances

Applicationbull3D display of bottom topographybullCut amp Fill estimationsbullComparisons of different terrain

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 86

Slide 11

NET WORKING IN G I S

Network is a set of connected lines which are conduitsfor resources movement and are connected to each other at nodes

Elements are

1 Lines 2 Resistance 3 Resource demand 4 Turns5 Stops 6 Facility - Point 7 Blocks

Applications of Networking

1 Path determination 2 Resource allocation3 Distribution analysis 4 Utility locating

Slide 12

G I S can be used in numerous wayshellip

-- for processing amp integrating spatial data-- archiving amp managing data-- for displaying amp generating thematic maps-- for building scenarios-- for predicting impacts-- to simulate amp animate operations amp processes

and also to develop models to represent REALlife situation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 87

Slide 13

G I S in Oceanography

Oceanography being a multidisciplinary study ofdynamic media within which various processes takeplace and interact over a wide range of space and timehas tremendous potential

State-of-the-art

ASFA indicates only 55 studies in Oceanography as comparedto over 2000 land-based application

Out of 55 studies --- 1 63 (35) studies pertain to coast2 16 ( 9) Near shore region3 9 (5) Open Ocean

Slide 14

G I S in Oceanography

Hurdles

1 GIS are designed and built for land application

2 Limited availability of good quality data of temporal nature and uniform density coverage

3 Diversified parameters lat-long time season depth

4 Relatively less physical objects few topo features

5 Media is highly volatile dynamic complex 4 dimensional

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 88

Slide 15

Thanks

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 89

12 Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools(A Ghosh NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

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Aravind GhoshAravind Ghosh K KNational Institute of OceanographyNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa 403 004 IndiaDona Paula Goa 403 004 Indiae-mail e-mail garvindgarvindcsniocsniorenrennicnicinin

URL httpURL httpwwwwwwnionioorgorg

Slide 2

KDWLVQWHUQHWKDWLVQWHUQHW

Collection of thousands of computerCollection of thousands of computernetworksnetworks

More than 100 million users More than 100 million users

Growth rate 10 per monthGrowth rate 10 per month

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 90

Slide 3

7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW

Medium for effective communicationMedium for effective communication

Research Support with informationResearch Support with informationretrieval mechanismretrieval mechanism

Cost and Feature flexibilityCost and Feature flexibility

Local as well as International EntityLocal as well as International Entity

Heterogeneous infrastructure andHeterogeneous infrastructure andappearance and usageappearance and usage

Not owned by any oneNot owned by any one

Slide 4

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2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started

2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites started2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites startedoperatingoperating

1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP

1983 - ARPANET and MILNET1983 - ARPANET and MILNET

July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15MbpsMbps

1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agencies1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agenciesto strengthen NSFNETto strengthen NSFNET

April 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPSApril 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 91

Slide 5

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The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society

Commercial Internet ExchangeCommercial Internet Exchange

FARNETFARNET

Slide 6

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Internet WormInternet Worm

Slovenia IndependenceSlovenia Independence

Russian CoupRussian Coup

Internet amp PersonalityInternet amp Personality

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 92

Slide 7

QWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROVQWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROV

E-mailE-mail

Telnet - Remote LoginTelnet - Remote Login

FTP - File Transfer ProtocolFTP - File Transfer Protocol

ARCHIEARCHIE

GOPHER and VeronicaGOPHER and Veronica

USENET and Discussion ListsUSENET and Discussion Lists

Wide Area Information ServersWide Area Information Servers

Internet Relay ChatInternet Relay Chat

World Wide Web (WWW)World Wide Web (WWW)

TalkTalk

Slide 8

RUOGLGHHERUOGLGHHE

legitimate way of publishinglegitimate way of publishing

distributed object management systemdistributed object management system

unstructured and serendipitousunstructured and serendipitousbrowsingbrowsing

Search ToolsEnginesSearch ToolsEngines

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 93

Slide 9

6($5amp+72267lt3(66($5amp+72267lt3(6

SUBJECT TREESSUBJECT TREES structured and organized hierarchystructured and organized hierarchy

of categoriesof categories Maintained manuallyMaintained manually Keyword searchable indexesKeyword searchable indexes

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 97

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Slide 30

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0HWD0HWDVHDUFKHUVWRSODYLWDOUROHVHDUFKHUVWRSODYLWDOUROH LQWHJUDWHGWRROVELQGLYLGXDOVHDUFKLQWHJUDWHGWRROVELQGLYLGXDOVHDUFKHQJLQHVHQJLQHV

VXEMHFWUHJLRQVXEMHFWUHJLRQODQJDXJHODQJDXJHVSHFLILFVHDUFKVSHFLILFVHDUFKHQJLQHVHQJLQHV

8VHRIH[SHUWVVWHPV8VHRIH[SHUWVVWHPV 6SHHFKUHFRJQLWLRQDQG6SHHFKUHFRJQLWLRQDQGPXWLPXWLOLQJXDOOLQJXDOVHDUFKHVVHDUFKHV

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 104

13 HyperText Markup Language(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

1

HyperText Markup Language

Slide 2

2

HyperText Markup Language

HEVHUYHUHEVHUYHU plusmn3ampRURWKHUFRPSXWLQJVVWHPplusmn2SHUDWLQJVVWHPLQGRZV17VHUYHURU81

plusmnHEVHUYHUVRIWZDUH6$SDFKHlaquoplusmnFRQWHQWKWPOSDJHVGDWDEDVHVlaquoplusmn QWHUQHWOLQN

6SHFLDOFDVHSHUVRQDORIIOLQHZHEVHUYHU

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 105

Slide 3

3

HyperText Markup Language

+70+70 6LPSOH6LPSOH +RZWRFUHDWH+70SDJHV+RZWRFUHDWH+70SDJHVplusmn1RWHSDGRUDQWH[WHGLWRUplusmn+70HGLWRU

Slide 4

4

HyperText Markup Language

+70

+($

77(0ILUVWZHESDJH77(

+($

2lt

+HOORWKHUH

2lt

+70

6DYHDVQDPHBRIBILOHKWP

Tell the browser that this is webpage

Title Header

Content starts here

Content stops here

Tell the browser that webpage ends

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 106

Slide 5

5

HyperText Markup Language

UHVVLQJLWXS VWDUWDWWULEXWH VWRSDWWULEXWH S QHZSDUDJUDSK GHIDXOW EU QHZOLQH KU KRUL]RQWDOUXOH

Slide 6

6

HTML Header Styles

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

31RUPDO

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 107

Slide 7

7

HTML Attributes

31RUPDO

3ROG

3WDOLFV

Slide 8

8

HTMLColor

3)217amp225 ))7KLVOLQHLVUHG)217

3)217amp225 ampamp7KLVOLQHLVJUHHQ)217)))) HOORZ

ampamp SXUSOH

)) EOXH

EODFN

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 108

Slide 9

9

HTML Lists

2

QXPEHUHGOLVWOLQH)217

QXPEHUHGOLVWOLQH)217

2

8

EXOOHWHGOLVWOLQH)217

EXOOHWHGOLVWOLQH)217

8

Ordered list

Un-Ordered list

Slide 10

10

HTML Alignment

3$1 ULJKW7KLVLVULJKWDOLJQHG

amp(17(57KLVLVFHQWHUDOLJQHGamp(17(5

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 109

Slide 11

11

HTML Tables

7$(25(5

7573FROXPQURZ773FROXPQURZ775

757

3FROXPQURZ773FROXPQURZ7757$(

Border size

New row

New column

Slide 12

12

7$(25(5 7+ 7577+ 31U777+ 3HVFULSWLRQ7757577+ 3777+ 3VDPSOLQJDWKDUERXU7757577+ 3777+ 3VDPSOLQJDWEXR7757577+ 3777+ 3VDPSOLQJDWVDQGEDQN7757$(

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 110

Slide 13

13

HTML Hyperlink

3$+5() SHUVRQDOBSDJHKWPampOLFNKHUHWRYLVLWPSHUVRQDOSDJH$

3$+5() KWWSLRFXQHVFRRUJGHIDXOWKWPampOLFNKHUH$WRYLVLWWKH2ampKRPHSDJH

CLICK

Slide 14

14

HTML including images

)UDSKLFVQWHUFKDQJH)RUPDW -3VKRUWIRU-3(-RLQW3KRWRJUDSK([SHUWVUDSKLFV065amp acuteLPDJHVLRVPJLI

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 111

Slide 15

15

Website managers

Slide 16

16

Frontpage Editor

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 112

Slide 17

17

Time to try

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 113

14 Numerical Databases Over WWW(V Chavan CMMB Hyderabad India)

Slide 1

Numerical Databases OverWWW

Vishwas ChavanScientist

Centre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyHyderabad India

Slide 2

Databases over Web Approaches

db files to flatascii files Import and Host Live Connectivity

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 114

Slide 3

Flat ascii files on WWW

Oceanline ver 10 Publications ver 10

Slide 4

Oceanline ver 10 OCEANLINE is an online public access catalogue of books monographs

technical reports conference proceedings maps and atlases etcavailable at NIO Library

Files in Oceanline HTML files in varwwwhtdocsOceanline 1indexhtml is the main page

2classearchhtml allows you to perform search Oceanlineaccording to the variou classes

CGI scripts in varwwwcgi-binOceanline 1For the main search

fsearchcgi performs the start search nsearchcgi performs the search for next set of matches psearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches 2For the search according to classes

fclassearchcgi performs the start search nclassearchcgi performs the search for next set of

matches pclassearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 115

Slide 5

Oceanline ver 10 DATA files in varwwwhtdocsOceanlinedata

Category Data file All areas totiso BooksMonographs biso Standards ciso Maps amp Atlases giso Conf preceedings Volumes kiso Dictionaries liso Numerics amp tables niso Technical Reports riso Thesis uiso Bibliographies amp Abstracts ziso isisfdt is the field tags identification file To add new data to Oceanline use the following commands at the prompt 1 cp olddataiso tempiso 2 cat newdataiso tempiso gtolddataiso 3 rm tempiso

Slide 6

Import and Host

Stores db - FoxPro Import to Lotus 123 Fetch into Notes Document base Host on WWW through Domino Server

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 116

Slide 7

Live Connectivity

mSQL MS ACCESS ORACLE

Slide 8

mSQL

Manthan ver 10 Daryavardi ver 10 Animalia ver 10

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 117

Slide 9

Manthan ver 10

Directory-based search engine forOceanographic information over theweb

Implemented using msql has adatabase called rsquomanthanrsquo and has asingle table called rsquoman1rsquo

Database = manthan Table = man1

Slide 10

Manthan ver 10

In varwwwhtdocsmanthanindexhtml is the main pageman1puthtml allows you to add records to manthan database

editmanhtml can be used to edit the records already entered in the databaseocnlnkshtml lists some oceanography and marine related sites on the web

manthanhtml gives mythological background of samudra manthanAbout_Manthanhtml this document

Lite scripts are in samudraHugheswwwmanthan

man1inhtml for accepting data into the databaseman1outhtml for querying the database

man1edthtml for editing the recordsman1uphtml for updating the records

showallhtml displays all records in the database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 118

Slide 11

Manthan ver 10

Database is in samudraHughesmsqldbmanthan and has following filesman1dat is the main data fileman1def is field definition file

man1idx index field fileman1idx-url_in is the main index file

Slide 12

MS ACCESS

Plantae ver 10Win NT (Server Version) - 40Internet Information Server (IIS) ver 30 - Web

ServerMS-Accessrsquo97 (ver 80) - Database Active Server Pages (ASP) - Scripting language

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 119

Slide 13

ORACLE

SPMIS at CCMBWorkgroup version of Oracle 80 as RDBMS

MS Visual Basic 60 as front endActiveX controls (OLE controls) facilitate

visualization of Visual Basic application onWWW

ActiveX controls are in-built with MS VisualBasic 60

Slide 14

Thank You

Have a HappyData Management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 120

15 Serving Textual Factual databases on the web(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Serving Textual Factualdatabases on the web

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

TEXTUAL FACTUALDATABASES

bull Primary resources

rArr Living resources eg Flora Fauna(taxonomic morphological distribution gene-banks etc)

rArr Non-living resources eg Geographicallyreferenced databases (satellite images ofphysiography temperature salinity etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 121

Slide 3

Textual Factual databases

bull Secondary resourcesrArr Metadata Catalogue of cruise tracks

sampling stations etcrArr Human institutional Personnel directory

research projects job opportunities etcrArr Bibliographic OPAC published literaturerArr Links to websites Related institutions

Electronic journals Full text documentsetc

Slide 4

Textual Factual databases

bull Tertiary resources

rArr Socio-economic resources Policyinstruments treaties Fish marketinformation Exporters Importers etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 122

Slide 5

KEY ITEMS

bull Databasebull Search retrieve and display software

(CGI)bull User interface (HTML pages)

Slide 6

DATABASE

bull Structured information in any formbull Reliable databull Sizeable number of recordsbull Frequency of updatebull Multimedia component

rArr Graphics JPEG GIF files of pictures and filmclippings

rArr Audio clippings 5 minutes audio capturedat22 kHz in 16 bit stereo - 5mb WAV or AUfiles

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 123

Slide 7

AUDIO CLIPPING FREEWARE

bull Real Audio Encoder(httpwwwrealcom) to generatecompressed RA files from WAV and AU

bull For best results install Real Audio Playerplug on the users browser

bull HTTP streaming to enable reasonable fastloading of audio files to the clientmachines

bull Real Audio Streaming server High Costs

Slide 8

SEARCH RETRIEVE ANDDISPLAY INTERFACE

bull Dictionary of keywords termsrArr Keywords from all fields specific field

bull Open search expressionsbull Boolean logicbull Ideal to retain information about previoustransactionsrArr Use of lsquoInput Type Hiddenrsquo feature supported

by HTML and to carry the details of queryterms in HTML forms through the searchsession

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 124

Slide 9

Search retrieve anddisplay interfacebull Search on index files pointing to

appropriate records in the database forretrieval

bull Programs linked to HTML search formsas well as HTML output for display

Slide 10

USER INTERFACE (HTMLpages)

bull Home page

rArr Less than 32 k size HTML filerArr Column structure than full screenrArr Use of frames feature supported by

HTML to divide screen in two partsrArr Left part Table of contents

rArr Right part Information page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 125

Slide 11

User interface (HTMLpages) Table of contents

bull Introduction to database (origin purposeownership copyrights updating frequencyetc)

bull Overview (contents building searchstrategy charges for search and retrieval ifany contact for further support etc)

bull Data entry formbull Data display Presentation formatsbull Access to databasebull List of previous search sets in current

session

Slide 12

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

rArr Database title subtitle logorArr Other related products (product on

other media subsets etc)rArr Ownership (Developers funding

agency software)rArr Navigator choice and screen

resolution

bull Opening page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 126

Slide 13

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Search tools

rArr Broad group of data-setsrArr Keywords Term indexrArr Geographical co-ordinates

bull Menu items

rArr Pointers to last screenrArr Next screenrArr Sources starting with letters rArr Buttons for submission cancellation

Slide 14

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Display formats

rArr Indicative informativerArr Graphics film cliprArr Audio background

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 127

16 Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

102498 PPissierssens IOC 1

Dynamic Database publishingusing Filemaker Pro

Slide 2

102498 PPissierssens IOC 2

Step 1 create your database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 128

Slide 3

102498 PPissierssens IOC 3

Step 11 populate your database

Slide 4

102498 PPissierssens IOC 4

Step 2 create the html pages

bull Strategyndash online create new record

ndash online edit record

ndash online search recordLetrsquos do this

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 129

Slide 5

102498 PPissierssens IOC 5

Writing the html pages

bull Defaulthtm

bull Searchhtm

bull Search_resultshtm

search_resultshtm

searchhtm

defaulthtm

Slide 6

102498 PPissierssens IOC 6

Writing the html pages

HIDXOWKWPltA HREF=FMPro-db=testdbFP3amp-lay=webamp

-format=searchhtmamp-viewgtSearch the DatabaseltAgt

database Layout to use

Output format action

ACTION

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 130

Slide 7

102498 PPissierssens IOC 7

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step1 the actionsltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=postgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=testdbfp3gt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=search_resultshtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=search_errorhtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=surnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=firstnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=countrygt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-max VALUE=20gtltPgt

Slide 8

102498 PPissierssens IOC 8

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step 2 the search formSurname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgt ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgt Firstname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=17gtltPgtJob TitleltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_title VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtJob Type ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtOrganization ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=organization VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtTypeltBgtltIgt ltIgtltBgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=organization_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtCity ltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=city VALUE= SIZE=22gtltFONTgtltPgtCountryltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=eqgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=country VALUE= SIZE=23gtltFONTgtltPgtActivities ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=activities VALUE= SIZE=58gtltPgt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 131

Slide 9

102498 PPissierssens IOC 9

Writing the html pages

6HDUFKKWP - step 3 the action buttons

ltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=AND checked=gtMatch all words between fields (AND)ltBRgtltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=ORgtMatch any words between fields (OR)

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-Find VALUE=Start SearchgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgt

Slide 10

102498 PPissierssens IOC 10

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKBUHVXOWVKWP[FMP-RECORD]Name[FMP-FIELD Title] [FMP-FIELD firstname]

[FMP-FIELD middle_name]ltBgt [FMP-FIELD surname]ltBgtltPgtGender[FMP-FIELD gender]ltBRgt Degrees[FMP-FIELD degree]ltBRgt Job Title[FMP-FIELD job_title]ltBRgt

Job Type [FMP-FIELD job_type]ltBRgt Organizationampnbsp [FMP-FIELD organization]ltBRgt Organization type [FMP-FIELD organization_type]ltBRgt Departmentampnbsp[FMP-FIELD department]ltBRgt

Address [FMP-FIELD street_address]ltBRgt City [FMP-FIELD city]ltBRgt Country [FMP-FIELD country]ltBRgt Activities [FMP-FIELD activities]ltPgt

[FMP-RECORD]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 132

Slide 11

102498 PPissierssens IOC 11

The queryHttpscppi591testdbFmPro-DB=testdbfp3amp-Lay=webamp-

format=search_resultshtmamp-error=search_errorhtmamp-SortField=surnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=firstnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=countryamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-max=20amp-op=bwampsurname=amp-op=bwampfirstname=amp-op=bwampjob_title=amp-op=bwampjob_type=amp-op=bwamporganization=amp-op=bwamporganization_type=amp-op=bwampcity=amp-op=eqampcountry=indiaamp-op=bwampactivities=amp-lop=ANDamp-Find=Start+Search

ampOLHQW DWDEDVHform

Filled form

query

resulthtml

HEVHUYHU

Slide 12

102498 PPissierssens IOC 12

The resultndash Search Results

Displaying records 1 through 12 of 12 records found

Name Mr Narayan BHASKARGendermaleDegreesMaster of Fisheries Science (MFSc) Bachelor of Fisheries Science (BFSc)Job TitleScientistJob Type ResearchOrganization Central Food Technological Research InstituteOrganization typeDepartment Meat Fish and Poultry TechnologyAddressCity MysoreCountry IndiaActivities 1 Have worked on incidence of bacteria of public health significance in the cultured shrimpsPenaeus monodonduring both the farming and harvest phases 2 Have worked on the shelflife and quality characteristics of the shrimpPenaeus indicus during ice storage 3 Is associated with the study on the food and feeding habits of the shrimpParapeaeopsis stylifera 4 Has worked on the preservation of salted-dried mackerel(Rastrelliger kanagurta Cuvier) usingfilm forming gums 5 Is associated with the study on the extension of shelf life of seer and mackerel steaks using lacticfermentation 6 Has studied the biochemical aspects of the underutilised crustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepaLatreille) from the point of view of processing 7Recently I have proposed projects on the isolation and characterisation oftransglutaminase from the Indian fishcrustacean species for the production of surimi Utilisation of the underutilisedcrustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepa Latreille) for producing value added products evaluation of cultured and wildcaught Indian major carps for the incidence of bacteria of public health significance

[end of this record]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 133

Slide 13

102498 PPissierssens IOC 13

Creating a new record

Step 1 QHZKWP

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE= SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE= SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=30gt

continue here for other fieldsUserID ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=userid VALUE= SIZE=30gtPassword ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=password VALUE= SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME= -New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to next StepgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Slide 14

102498 PPissierssens IOC 14

Creating a new record

bull Step 2 QHZBUHSOKWP

A record has been added to the database

lta href=ldquodefaulthtmrdquogtGo back to menultagt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 134

Slide 15

102498 PPissierssens IOC 15

Editing a recordbull OPTION 1 without security

ndash include field for unique identifierndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull OPTION 2 with securityndash Verify userid and passwordndash list entries for that userID and passwordndash allow selection of record to editndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull TRY

Slide 16

102498 PPissierssens IOC 16

Editing a record

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE=[FMP-Field title] SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE=[FMP-Field firstname]

SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE=[FMP-Field

middle_name] SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE=[FMP-Field surname] SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to nextStepgt

ltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Current value

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 135

Slide 17

102498 PPissierssens IOC 17

Error[FMP-IF CurrentErroreq 509]

Required Value ErrorSorry required information is missing Please check your submission and try again

[FMP-ELSE]

New Record Error

There was an error adding a record to the database Please check your

submission and try again - amp91 ERR[FMP-CURRENTERROR]amp93

ampnbsp

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

Error codes

500 Date value does not meet validation entry options

501 Time value does not meet validation entry options

502 Number value does not meet validation entry options

503 Value in field does not meet range validation entry options

504 Value in field does not meet unique value validation entry options

505 Value in field failed existing value validation test

506 Value in field is not a member value of the validation entry option value list

507 Value in field failed calculation test of validation entry option

508 Value in field failed query value test of validation entry option

509 Field requires a valid value

[FMP-IF]

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

[end of report]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex IV - page 1

ANNEX IV

LIST OF ACRONYMS

ASFA Aquatic Science and Fisheries AbstractsCD-ROM Compact Disk ndash Read Only MemoryDNA Designated National AgencyGEBCO General Bathymetric Chart of the OceansGE-MIM Group of Experts on Marine Information ManagementGIS Geographic Information SystemGLODIR Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) ProfessionalsGLOSS Global Sea Level Observing SystemGOOS Global Ocean Observing SystemGODAR Global Oceanographic Data Archeology and RescueGTSPP Global Temperature and Salinity Profile ProgrammeIGOSS Integrated Global Ocean Services SystemIOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (of UNESCO)IOCINCWIO IOC Regional Committee for the Co-operative Investigation in the North and Central

Western Indian OceanIOCINDIO IOC Regional Committee for the Central Indian OceanIODE International Oceanographic Data and Information ExchangeMEDI Marine Metadata Management SystemNIO National Institute of Oceanography (India)NODC National Oceanographic Data CentreODINEA Oceanographic Data and Information NetworkODINAFRICA Oceanographic Data and Information Network for AfricaRNODC-MEDI Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centre ndash MEDIWDC-A World Data Centre-AWWW World-Wide Web

  • Contents
Page 5: IOC/IODE/NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 3

lt The IODC NIO CDROMlt The IODE XBT quality control software

A detailed timetable of the course is added as Annex I

4 LECTURE NOTES

In order to provide a clear overview of the wide variety and scope of the Training Course and toprovide an opportunity to those who were not able to participate to share in the many interesting lectureswe are providing some copies (or summaries) of the lectures given during the Course in Annex III

5 COURSE EVALUATION

In order to constantly improve the quality of the IODE training courses participants were requestedto evaluate the lectures in terms of

- the relevance of the lecture to the course objectives- the clarity of the presentation- the quality of the presentation

The most appreciated lectures (gt= 810) in terms of their relevance to the course objectives were

- Introduction to IODE and the IOC Regional Programmes- The continuum data metadata and information- Practical exercise on MEDI- Practical exercise on MS Access amp Practical exercise on SQL- Oceanographic Data Exchange formats- Introduction to the Internet- Practical exercise on HTML- The IODE Resource Kit

The least appreciated lectures (lt= 410) in terms of their relevance to the course objectives were

- IODE Data Products and Operational Projects- Numerical Databases vs text-oriented databases (traditionally interest of data managers for

text-based information management is low)- Web databases (this lecture was considered too theoretical)- Demonstration INODC on INGRES DBMS (it was observed that none of the participants used

the INGRES DBMS and as such relevance was considered as small)- Data Processing and statistics (this lecture was considered too theoretical)- Demonstration ArcView at INODC- Serving numerical databases to users over the WWW (this low score was attributed to the

observation that insufficient time was spent on this subject)

Additional comments provided on the evaluation sheet and during the discussions are summarized asfollows

lt More emphasis should be put on practical exercises

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 4

lt There were too many lectures and lecturerslt In some cases it was regretted that the presentations (slides) were of poor quality Presentations

should be of high qualitylt Presentation hand-outs should be distributed prior to the lecture so participants with language

problems can better preparelt Lecturers should use real-world exampleslt The course should include individual or group projectslt More attention should be given on how to establish an NODC or DNA with special emphasis on

minimum requirements and possibilities for institutions with minimal resources

6 CLOSING OF THE SESSION

During his closing speech Mr Peter Pissierssens on behalf of the IOC Executive Secretarythanked Dr E Desa Director of the National Institute of Oceanography Goa for the substantial supportprovided by NIO which enabled IOC to organize this course He also thanked the lecturers and otherresource persons as well as all NIO staff who had been involved in the excellent support for the trainingcourse

He noted that the IOCINDIO region was still a relatively young regional body which hadregrettably not been very active so far However he stressed that personal contacts established duringtraining courses such as this one are instrumental in generating collaboration and exchange and he invitedthe participants to share their experiences with colleagues back home

Dr JS Sarupria announced that NIO will set up a listserv to enable participants to the trainingcourse to continue communicating and to create a platform which can be used for future collaborationassistance and exchange of experience

In their closing comments on the Course the participants were all unanimous in their highappreciation for the course which they considered as a most useful contribution to their professionalactivities Several participants pledged to contact the relevant authorities in their country to promote theestablishment of a National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) or Designated National Agency (DNA)

Dr E Desa Director NIO invited the participants to visit NIO again and welcomed them to spendsome time at NIO

All participants were provided with a certificate of participation

The IOCIODE - NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange wasclosed on Tuesday 27 October 1998 at 11h00

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 1

ANNEX I

AGENDA AND TIMETABLE

SATURDAY - 17 OCTOBER 19980900 - 0915 REGISTRATION 0915 - 1030 Presentation of the participants1030 - 1100 TEA BREAK

SESSION A IOCIODE SYSTEM (TRAINING HALL)1100 - 1115 Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (P Pissierssens) [ paper presented duringITO98]1115 - 1200 IODE s institutional components and international ocean data system (P Geerders)1200 - 1230 IODE data flow monitoring procedures (P Geerders)1230 - 1300 IODE data products and operational projects (P Geerders)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on ROSCOP forms (Geerders)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1615 Establishing an IODE NODC (G Reed)

SUNDAY - 18 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

MONDAY - 19 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION B DATA METADATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT0925 - 1020 New technology for data acquisition remote sensing data buoys etc (P Geerders)1020 - 1045 GODAR project and achievements (P Geerders)1045 - 1115 The continuum data metadata and information (G Reed)1115 1200 Metadata The MEDI pilot project (GReed)

6(6621amp26()257+(5(672)7+($lt$38amp+2$lt

TUESDAY - 20 OCTOBER 19980930 - 1000 Marine Information Management (Pissierssens)1000 - 1100 Marine data management system at RNODC-INDO (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE Metadata Practical exercise (G Reed) 1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK

SESSION C DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS1400 - 1430 Numerical DBMS vs textual DBMS (MP Tapaswi)1430 - 1500 Advances in DBMS distributed database management systems (G Reed)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 DBMS systems - Database directions (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 2

WEDNESDAY - 21 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION D USING RDBMS IN OCEANOGRAPHY0900 - 1000 Data warehousing (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)1000 - 1100 Web databases (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK

1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access Creating database tables Searching thedatabase (J Pattainak JS Sarupria PPissierssens)

1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1430 Demonstration to other global data sets such as GEBCO etc (PD Kunte)1430 - 1500 Introduction to global data sets and demonstration (CD-ROM - WDC-A etc) (GVReddy)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access self training

THURSDAY - 22 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION E DATA PROCESSING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (TRAINING HALL)0900 - 1000 Oceanographic data exchange formats (JS Sarupria)1000 - 1100 Quality control procedures (T Pankajakshan)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1200 Data product development tools (GIS etc) (PD Kunte)1200 - 1300 Visit to IODC (Demonstration use of INGRES DBMS (L Ratnakaran) and ArcView GIS

(J Pattanaik))1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on MS Access amp SQL1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1730 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)

FRIDAY - 23 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION F IODE AND THE WWW0900 - 1000 Data processing tools interpolation interpolation etc (R Mahadevan)1000 - 1045 The Internet - Introduction Evolution and Tools (A Ghosh)1045 - 1115 TEA BREAK1115 - 1145 Serving information to users over the WWW HTML (PPissierssens)1145 - 1200 Serving numerical databases over the WWW (V Chavan)1200 - 1300 Serving textualfactual database over the WWW (MP Tapaswi PPissierssens)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on HTML1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)1630 1700 The IODC NIO CDROM Demo (PD Kunte)

SATURDAY - 24 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAYSUNDAY - 25 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 3

MONDAY - 26 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION G SOFTWARE FOR OCEAN DATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT (IODC)0900 - 1100 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on format conversion (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 1230 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit)(PPissierssens)1230 - 1300 Library visit (Tapaswi)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit) continued1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 The IODE XBT quality control software demo (Pankajakshan)1630 - 1730 Evaluation of the Training course

TUESDAY - 27 OCTOBER 1998

0930 - 1100 Discussions on evaluation and receommendations1100 CLOSING CEREMONY (SEMINAR HALL)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 1

ANNEX II

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND RESOURCE PERSONS

A PARTICIPANTS

Mr Mohamed Said Al MohanadiMarine Science DepartmentUniversity of QatarPO Box 2713 DohaQATARFax (974) 892135Email alshoqeriqueduqa

Mr Thilakasiri MendisOceanography Division of NARAMattakkuliya Colombo 15SRI LANKAFax (94) 1522 932 or (94) 1522 699Email jayasirinaraaclk

Dr Trinh The HieuInstitute of Oceanography01 Canada - NhatrangVIETNAMFax (84 58) 881 152Email haiduongdngvnnvn

Ms Nasreen Islam KhanAssistant ProfessorDept of Geography amp EnvironmentDhaka University - 1000BANGLADESHFax (880 2) 86 55 83Email nasreengegduccagnicom Nasreen_ikhanyahoocom geographydubanglanet

Lt Cdr Zaharuddin MaideenHydrographic DirectorateRoyal Malaysian Navy Ministry of DefenceJalan padang Tembak 50634 Kuala LumpurMALAYSIATel 603-2313700Fax 603 2987972Email zahalintmnetmy

Mr Goonasilan SoopramaniaMauritius Meteorological ServicesVacoasMAURITIUSFax (230) 686 1033Email meteointernetmu

Cdr A BhushanNaval Hydrographic OfficePost Box No 75 107-A Rajpur RoadDEHRADUN - 248 001 INDIAFax 0091 (135) 748373

Shri MM Malleswara RaoNational Institute of OceanographyRegional Centre176 Lawsons Bay ColonyVISAKHAPATNAM - 530 017 INDIAFax 0891-543595Email mmmraokadalinioorg

Lt Cdr IN JobINS HansaGOA - 403 802 INDIAEmail simulatebom2vsnlnetinTel 0834-51 8441

Lt TP MahatoNational Hydrographic SchoolCo Heaquarters Goa Naval AreaVasco-da-GamaGOA - 403 802 INDIAFax 0834 - 513419Tel 0834 - 51395051 Extn 242344347Email nhsgoabom2vsnlnetin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 2

B RESOURCE PERSONS

Mr Vishwas ChavanScientistCentre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyUppal RoadHYDERABAD - 500 007 INDIATel +91-40-7172241Fax +91-40-7171195Email vishwasyahoocom vishccmbarpnicin

Ir Paul GeerdersConsultant amp training on remote sensing amp data management for marine and coastal applicationsKobaltpad 16 3402 JL IJsselsteinTHE NETHERLANDSFax 31 (30) 688 49 42Email pgconswxsnl

Mr Aravind Ghosh KScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email garvindcsniorennicin garvinddaryanioorg

Prof R MahadevanScientific AdvisorNational Institute of Ocean TechnologyIIT Madras CampusMADRAS - 600 036 INDIAEmail devansamratnioternetin

Mr Peter PissierssensProgramme Specialist IODEMIMIntergovernrmental OceanographicCommission of UNESCO1 rue Miollis75732 Paris Cedex 15FRANCEFax 33 145685812Tel 33 145684046Email ppissierssensunescoorg

Mr GV ReddyScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email reddycsniorennicin reddydaryanioorg

Dr Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data CentreMaritime Headquarters Wylde StPotts Point NSW 2011AUSTRALIAFax + 612 9359 3120Email gregaodcgovauTel + 612 9359 3141

Prof P SadanandanAssociate DirectorNational Centre for Software Technology6th Floor Main Tower Visvesvaraya CentreDr BR Ambedkar VeedhiBANGALORE - 560 001 INDIAEmail psncsternetinFax 286 2531

Mr JS SarupriaHead Data amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email sarujsdaryanioorg sarujscsniorennicin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 1

ANNEX III LECTURE NOTES

LIST OF ATTACHED LECTURE NOTES

1 Session A Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (PPissierssens)2 Session A IODE Institutional Components and the International Ocean Data System (P Geerders)3 Session A IODE Data Flow and Monitoring Procedures (P Geerders)4 Session A IODE Operational Projects (P Geerders)5 Session A NODC Tasks amp Responsibilities (G Reed)6 Session B Data Information and Metadata (G Reed)7 Session B A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data (G Reed)8 Session C Numerical Vs Textual Databases (MP Tapaswi)9 Session C Distributed Database Management Systems (G Reed)10 Session E Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data (Pankajakshan Thadathil)11 Session E Geographic Information System (GIS) (PD Kunte)12 Session F Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools (A Ghosh)13 Session F HyperText Markup Language (PPissierssens)14 Session F Numerical Databases Over WWW (V Chavan)15 Session F Serving Textual Factual databases on the web (MP Tapaswi)16 Session F Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro (PPissierssens)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 2

1 INTRODUCTION TO IODE amp IOC REGIONAL POLICY(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

URZLQJWRZDUGVDURZLQJWRZDUGVDQHZHUDQHZHUD

Slide 2

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

2(ltHVWHUGD2(7RGD2(7RPRUURZ

In order to address the question lsquowhat will IODE be tomorrowrsquo we first need to look atIODE yesterday and IODE today

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 3

Slide 3

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ampUHDWLRQ2amp

IODE History

Going back 37 years IODE is one of the oldest IOC programmes established in 1961The IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission) is a part of UNESCO Therelationship with UNESCO is a bit more complicated than that because although IOCis part of UNESCO it has its own governing bodies an assembly and executive councilIOC also has its own Member States which are sometimes different from the UNESCOMember States (eg the United States are a Member State of IOC but not of UNESCO)Currently the IOC has 126 Member States

Slide 4

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC

What is unique about the IOC is that it is the ONLY United Nations body that dealsONLY with the Oceans Many other UN agencies have activities related to the Oceansbut the Oceans are only part of their mandatesometimes peripheral The IOC deals onlywith the Oceans

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 4

Slide 5

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

OREDO3URJUDPPHVplusmn 2FHDQ6FLHQFH

26526152FHDQ0DSSLQJ0DULQH3ROOXWLRQamp=0

plusmn 2(plusmn 7VXQDPLDUQLQJ6VWHPplusmn OREDO2FHDQ2EVHUYDWLRQ226266plusmn 7UDLQLQJ(GXFDWLRQ7(0$

5HJLRQDO3URJUDPPHV

IOC Activities

Slide 6

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC Regional Programmes

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 5

Slide 7

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Milestones1956-59 International Geophysical Year Established WDCs

for Oceanography amp Marine Geology amp Geophysics1960 IOC Establishment

Oct 1961 Establishment of a Working group on Exchangeof Oceanographic Data Call on Member States toestablish national data centres

1965 Publication of the first edition of the IODE Manual

1973 Establishment of the IODE Working Committee withnew Terms of Reference

OctNov 77 Established Joint IOC-WMO IGOSS Committee

1979 Publication of the first issue of the MEDI Catalogue

1970s Operation of the RNODC pilot scheme

1978-90s Development of the GF3 format amp publication ofGF3 Manual (6 volumes) Establishment of theRNODC for GF3 at ICES Headquarters

1981 RNODC scheme becomes operational

1987 IODE becomes the International Oceanographic Data ampInformation Exchange System (acronym has beenretained)

1988 Launching the GTSPP project

1990 Publication of the GTSPP Manual

Nov 90 OceanPC project approved for implementation

1991 Publication of the revised version of the IODE Manualjointly with ICSU Panel on WDCs

1992 Launching GOOS

Feb 92 Ocean Climate Data Workshop

Dec 92 Adoption of the IODE data management policy

1993 GODAR project approved for implementation

1993 Publication of the OceanPC software amp Manual

1993 Publication of the third edition of the MEDI Catalogue

1994 GEBCO CD-ROM

1995 World Ocean Atlas 94 set of CD-ROMs

Mar 95 Think Tank Meeting

1996 Publication of the IGOSS-IODE Data ManagementStrategy in support of GOOS

May 1996 Workshop on Manag of Biological amp ChemicalData

1996 GTSPP amp GLOSS CD-ROMs

1996 IODE Home Page on WWW server

IODE has also been one of the most active programmes of the IOC I am showingyou a list of IODE milestones I will not even try to go through all of these

Slide 8

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Objectives

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The IODE has been established with the objective to enhance marine researchexploration and development by facilitating the exchange of oceanographic dataand information between participating Member States

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 6

Slide 9

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE StructurebulllsquoPhysicalrsquo Structure

bullWorld Data Centre OceanographybullNational Oceanographic Data Centre or DesignatedNational Agency (NODC DNA)bullResponsible NODC (RNODC)

bulllsquoOrganizationalrsquo StructurebullIODE CommitteebullIODE OfficersbullIODE Groups of Experts (GE-)

bulllsquoOperationalrsquo Structurebulldata flow

Now let us have a look at the structure of the IODE system We can distinguish threetypes of structure1- the physical structure2- the organizational structure3- the operational structure

1- physical structure here we have to remember that the IODE system wasdeveloped in a time when there was no Internet Physical structures therefore had tobe built in a centralized manner we had world data centres national oceanographicdata centres and responsible NODCs (I am coming back to these individually in amoment)2- organizational structure in order to develop maintain and manage the systemIODE set up an IODE Committee appointed IODE Officers and brought together a number of Groups of Experts3- operational structure defining the data flow

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 7

Slide 10

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 72$lt

56 Data centres in 53 countries

Looking at the physical structure during its 37 years of existence the IODE systemhas been able to set up 56 national data centres (including NODCs and DNAs) in 53countries - Oceanography

There are 56 National Oceanographic Data Centres Designated National Agenciesand World Data Centre (Oceanography) in 53 countries Argentina Australia BrazilBulgaria Canada Chile Peoplersquos Republic of China Colombia Republic of CroatiaEcuador Arab Republic of Egypt Finland France Germany Ghana GreeceGuatemala Guineacutee Iceland India Islamic Republic of Iran Ireland Italy JapanKenya Peoples Democratic Republic of Korea Republic of Korea MalaysiaMexico Morocco Netherlands Nigeria Norway Pakistan Peru PhilippinesPoland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Seychelles South Africa SpainSweden United Republic of Tanzania Trinidad amp Tobago Turkey Ukraine UnitedKingdom United States of America Uruguay Venezuela VietnamNone in Mauritius Qatar Bangladesh

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 8

Slide 11

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Centre Tasks

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plusmn VHHNDQGDFTXLUHGDWDIURPQDWLRQDOVRXUFHVIRULQWHUQDWLRQDOH[FKDQJH

plusmn VXEPLWGDWDWRampRU512ampplusmn SURYLGHRFHDQGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQLQDXVDEOHIRUPWRDZLGHXVHUFRPPXQLW

plusmn SDUWLFLSDWHLQPHHWLQJVRI2(

Letrsquos look at the Data Centre tasksA National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) willbull acquire process quality control inventory archive and disseminate data in

accordance with national responsibilitiesbull be responsible for conducting international exchangebull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are

exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data andsubmit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography orRNODC

bull provide ocean datainformation in a usable form to a wide user communitybull participate in meetings of IODESome Member States that have not established an NODC have instead identifiedDesignated National Agencies (DNAs)NODC can receive data or inventory information from the WDCs for Oceanographyor RNODCs

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 9

Slide 12

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

WDCs 86$5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ

ampKLQD

5HFHLYHDUFKLYHRFHDQRJUDSKLFGDWDLQYHQWRULHVIURP12ampV512ampVPDULQHVFLHQFHRUJDQL]DWLRQVDQGLQGLYLGXDOVFLHQWLVWV

SURYLGHGDWDLQYHQWRULHVDQGSXEOLFDWLRQVWR12ampV1$VWR512ampVWRLQWHUQDWLRQDOFRRSHUDWLYHSURJUDPPHV

0RQLWRUSHUIRUPDQFH2(VVWHP

bull USA Russian Federation Chinabull Receive amp archive oceanographic data amp inventories from NODCs RNODCs

marine science organizations and individual scientistsbull provide data inventories and publications to NODCs DNAs to RNODCs amp to

international co-operative programmesbull Monitor performance IODE system

Slide 13

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

RNODCs

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plusmnVSHFLILFJHRJUDSKLFUHJLRQV 512amp62amp512amp12512ampIRU(673$amp

A special case is the RNODC They are NODCs which have also accepted someadditional responsibilities These can be to deal with specific data types eg driftingbuoys data marine pollution data etcor they can take responsibility for specific geographic regions eg Southern OceansIndian Ocean (such as the IODC) Western Pacific etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 10

Slide 14

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Organization 2(ampRPPLWWHHplusmn +HDGV12ampV2(2IILFHUV

2(2IILFHUVplusmn ampKDLUPDQ9LFHampKDLUPDQampKDLUVURXSVRI([SHUWVLUHFWRUVampV

2(URXSVRI([SHUWVplusmn (00(7$(

2(7DVN7HDPVplusmn 5HP6HQVDWDampHQWUH6HUY0DULRODWD

Letrsquos proceed with the Organizational structureFirst of all we have an IODE Committee This is composed of representatives fromeach data centre and of course also the IODE officersThe IODE officers include a Chairman and Vice-Chairman elected by the Committee(the current Chairman is Ben Searle who is with us this week) Officers also includethe Chairpersons of the Groups of Experts and the Heads of the 3 WDCsWe also have Groups of Experts For specific areas within the mandate of IODE theCommittee has established Groups of Experts As the name implies these Groupsare composed of experts They are people identified by their own country following arequest from the IOC secretariat They then meet at regular periods (every 2-3 years)to discuss specific issues They often prepare action plans and carry outprogrammesOne example is the GE-MIM of which we have a member here ie MrMurari TapaswiFinally we have a few task teams These deal with specific topics and usually have alimited lifespan

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 11

Slide 15

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Ships Moorings Satellites

NationalInstitutions

USERSUSERS

NODCDNA

RNODC

WDC-Oceanogr

USERS

USERS

IODE Data Flow

Just a few words about the operational structure ie the data flow In this verysimplified diagram you can see how data flow through the IODE system

Slide 16

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Policy )XOODQGRSHQVKDULQJ )UHHRUORZFRVWGDWDVHUYLFHV DWDDYDLODEOHZLWKLQHDUDIWHUFROOHFWLRQ

DWDDUFKLYLQJFRPPLWPHQW $SSO6WDQGDUGV

Full and open sharingFree or low-cost data servicesData available within 1 year after collectionData archiving commitmentApply Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 12

Slide 17

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

The Continuum

DWD0HWDGDWDQIRUPDWLRQ KRRHVKDW

Now through the years a giant distinction has been made between datamanagement on one side (numerical data) and information management on theother side (textual information) Rarely would these two meet However in the pastfew years a new creature (or so it seems) has surfaced ie meta data TextualInformation describing Numerical Data and data sets We therefore need to considerthese three as a continuum

Slide 18

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Types

0DULQH+GURORJLFDO 0DULQHHRORJLFDOHRSKVLFDO 0DULQHampKHPLFDO 0DULQH3ROOXWLRQ 5HPRWH6HQVLQJQHZ 0DULQHLRORJLFDOQHZ

Data Management data typesIODE deals with a wide variety of data types

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 13

Slide 19

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Activities

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQWplusmnOREDO76332662$5PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGV4ampFRRUGLQDWLRQZLWKRWKHUDJHQFLHV

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plusmnampDSDFLWEXLOGLQJ

Are data centres just archives of data No although many started out that waymany data centres now produce data productsGEBCO many other examples around us this week

Slide 20

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

6WDQGDUGVIRU0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

HYHORSPHQWRI001HWZRUNVLQGHYHORSLQJUHJLRQV

OREDOLUHFWRURI0DULQHDQG)UHVKZDWHU3URIHVVLRQDOV

2FHDQ3LORWGDWDEDVH

0DULQH0HWDGDWD0DQDJHPHQW6VWHP0(

0DULQHLEOLRJUDSKLF7RROVampRRSHUDWLRQLQ$6)$

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QIRUPDWLRQ7HFKQRORJNQRZKRZVKDULQJ

IODE Activities

Standards library management systems (eg software) standards for directory typedatabases monitoring of technological advancements for information exchange suchas ILLMIM networks RECOSCIX-WIO -CEA GLODIR OceanPilot MEDI ASFA

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 14

Slide 21

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Capacity Building

$VVLVWDQFHGHYHORSPHQWRI12ampV 7UDLQLQJDQG(GXFDWLRQ microGDWDPDQDJHPHQWIDPLOpara

Assistance the IOC assists member states that wish to set up national datamanagement infrastructure by sending experts (from within the system) to assessthe national situation discuss options and assist with the planningTraining and Education training courses and workshops at national or regional level(next week) Eg these can be organized following the mission I just mentionedNew NODCs are welcomed into the data management family more mature NODCsaccept internships from newly established NODCs for periods of 2-3 months Most ofthe time the NODCs donrsquot charge for this assistance although it must be consideredas on-the-job training IOC provides the air ticket and living expensesNew strategy training and education should be organized within project frameworkabandon one-hit training activities without follow-up (eg ODINAFRICA)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 15

Slide 22

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Sharing

12ampVSURGXFWDQGVHUYLFHGHYHORSPHQW

6KDULQJRIUHVRXUFHV

WE have all witnessed the wide variety of products and services developed in manyof the NODCs present here with us

Slide 23

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 7202552

RZHVHUYHRXUFXVWRPHUVKRDUHRXUFXVWRPHUV

Do we serve our customers First who are our customers

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 16

Slide 24

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE UserCommunities

HIRUHVFLHQWLVWV 1RZDQGWRPRUURZplusmnVFLHQWLVWVplusmnLQGXVWUJRYHUQPHQWplusmnGHFLVLRQSROLFPDNHUV

Yesterday and today mainly scientistsToday and tomorrow

Slide 25

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Datarequirements

2SHUDWLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSK 2(GHODHGPRGHKLJKTXDOLW4amp

5HDOWLPH02paraV266

The new customers will increasingly want lsquooperational oceanographyrsquo dataTraditionally IODE deals with delayed-mode data often cruise based The IODEsystemrsquos major added value is the quality control mechanism set up throughout theIODE systemA programme which is much more aimed at real-time data management is theWMOrsquos Integratedl Global Ocean Services System IGOSSTo get the both of both worlds IODE and IGOSS are therefore growing closer to eachother

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 17

Slide 26

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODE

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQW([FKDQJH0LVVLRQ6WDWHPHQW

0DULQHDWD([FKDQJHDQG0DQDJHPHQW2EMHFWLYH

This has led to the drafting of joint IGOSSIODE Marine Data Management andExchange Statement which says that

Slide 27

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEMission Statement

sup3266DQG2(ZLOOFRQWLQXHHIIRUWVLQJDLQLQJDUHSXWDWLRQIRUH[FHOOHQFHLQWKHPDQDJHPHQWDQGSURFHVVLQJRIPDULQHGDWDDQGLQWKHJHQHUDWLRQDQGGLVWULEXWLRQRIGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQDQGSURGXFWVWKURXJKDZHOOVXSSRUWHGVFLHQFHHQGRUVHGKLJKOIRFXVVHGDQGWHFKQLFDOOFRPSHWHQWGLVWULEXWHGJURXSRIGDWDFHQWUHVDQGUHODWHGDJHQFLHVacute

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 18

Slide 28

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEObjective

sup37RFUHDWHDQLQWHJUDWHGDQGWHFKQRORJLFDOODGYDQFHGGDWDPDQDJHPHQWSURFHVVLQJDQGGLVWULEXWLRQVVWHPLQRUGHUWRPHHWWKHQHHGVRIWKHLQWHUQDWLRQDOPDULQHLQFO226DQGPHWHRURORJLFDOFRPPXQLWLHVFRPSDWLEOHZLWKamp26GDWDPDQDJHPHQWVVWHPDQGLQSDUWLFXODUVXSSRUWLQJWKHGHFLVLRQPDNLQJSURFHVVRIQDWLRQDOJRYHUQPHQWVLQGHWHUPLQLQJHQYLURQPHQWDOOVXVWDLQDEOHGHYHORSPHQWSROLFacute

Slide 29

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEGoals

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ampUHDWHGLVWULEXWHGGDWDQHWZRUN 3URYLGHSURGXFWV 3URYLGHTXDOLWFRQWUROPHFKDQLVPV

Add Regional and global marine related programmes are seen as major customersfor both IGOSS and IODE data management and exchange capabilities This is inaddition to the more traditional needs of supporting national interests

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 19

Slide 30

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

Cruise orientation

Platformlsquosystemrsquo approach

There will thus be a major and fundamental change in IODE The main data streamswill result from lsquopermanentrsquo monitoring activities rather than from the traditional lsquoadhocrsquo research cruise Of course the cruise based data streams will still exist and willremain very important

Slide 31

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

IGOSS

IODEGOOS

Data management data distribution and provision of products are key result areasfor GOOS In fact what is GOOSGOOS is conceived as

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 20

Slide 32

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

What is GOOS

DVXVWDLQHGFRRUGLQDWHGLQWHUQDWLRQDOVVWHPIRUJDWKHULQJGDWDDERXWWKHRFHDQVDQGVHDV

DVVWHPIRUSURFHVVLQJVXFKGDWDZLWKRWKHUUHOHYDQWGDWDIURPRWKHUGRPDLQVWRHQDEOHWKHJHQHUDWLRQRIEHQHILFLDODQDOWLFDODQGSURJQRVWLFHQYLURQPHQWDOLQIRUPDWLRQVHUYLFHV

hellip created by the IOC Assembly in 1991

Slide 33

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

GOOS Objectives

6SHFLIGDWDQHHGHGEXVHUVRIRFHDQHQYLURQPHQW

GHYHORSVWUDWHJIRUJDWKHULQJDQGH[FKDQJHRIGDWD

IDFLOLWDWHSURGXFWGHYHORSPHQW IDFLOLWDWHDFFHVVEGHYFRXQWULHV HQVXUH226LQWHJUDWLRQLQJOREDOVWUDWHJLHV

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 21

Slide 34

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

End-to-End DataManagement

3UHSDUHIRU226(7(0FRQFHSWXVHGE7633

The ETEDM implies a known or definable pathway of connections between a basicobservational element and the end use or purpose to which the observation isapplied Typically each type of observation has a range of potential applications andmost applications need more than one observation type So in designing a system toserve a given range of end-uses it is important to know how the observation will beused processed and combined with other observations to deliver and observationalproduct of value to the end userThe ETED concept is already used by GTSPP (global temperature and salinityprofile program) operated jointly by IGOSS and IODE GTSPP uses a continuouslymanaged database to provide for the integration of the real-time (low resolution) datastream with the delayed mode (generally high resolution) data stream

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 22

Slide 35

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

CRUISE

Low-resreal-timeIGOSS

helliphellip

Lab work

IODE system

helliphellipHigh-resdelayed-modeIODE

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

Slide 36

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

real-time helliphellip

Monitoring activity

IODE system

helliphellipQC flags

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

But here the concept of the cruise will be replaced with a specific monitoring activityat the instrument or system level

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 23

Slide 37

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM goals

DWDPDQDJHPHQWVHQVRU 4ampPHWDGDWD LQWHJUDWLRQUHDOWLPHGHODHGPRGH LQFUHDVHFRRUGLQDWLRQGDWDFHQWUHV VLPSOLIPHUJLQJORFDOGDWDVHWV GHYHORSFRQWLQXRXVOXSGDWHGGE VXSSRUWPHUJHRFHDQLFDWPRVSKHULFWHUUHVWULDOGDWD226amp26726

hellipmove the data management closer to the sensorsupport quality control of ocean data and retain all available metadataintegrate real-time and delayed mode data and information processingincrease coordination between data centres and promote the sharing of datasoftware and responsibilities between centressimplify merging local data sets to form global data sets anddevelop a continuously updated databasesupport merge oceanic with atmospheric amp terrestrial data to link GOOS with WWWGCOS GTOS and Distributed Data Base

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 24

Slide 38

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Where are wetoday

2662(amp65PHWDGDWD0(7633FRQWLQXRXVOPDQDJHGGE

ampKDOOHQJHEXLOGRQWKLVPRGHO

What has been done today

IGOSSIODE use cruise summary reportsWe have the Marine Environmental Data Inventory (MEDI) which has been given anew lease of life through efforts by the AODC and BODCAnd we have the continuously managed database of GTSPP monitoring the captureof real-time and their transmission around the worldThe challenge for the IGOSSIODE tandem is therefore to build on this modelimproving the linkages removing bottlenecks caused by duplication or data formatincompatibility problems and develop capabilities (eg establishing new data centres)through capacity building

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 25

Slide 39

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

) H[WHQVLYHQHWZRUNRIGDWDFHQWUHV

IUHHIORZRIGDWD JOREDOQHWZRUNRIH[SHUWLVH

PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGVSURGXFWV

87 QRVWDQGDUGWUDLQLQJWRRONLW

QRJOREDOVWDQGDUGIRUPDWIRUGDWDH[FKDQJH

YROXQWHHUZRUNRQO

Successes andShortcomings

Readadd volunteer work The fact that we deal with volunteer work has the advantagethat we can access a tremendous amount of know how For example whenever wehold group of experts meetings or we organize the IODE Officers or IODECommittee meeting extremely fascinating issues are discussed often it the reallytechnical level However although we then draft really interesting workplans theday-to-day duties of the experts make that progress is very slow We do really needan implementation mechanism such as the one proposed by Ben SearleThe fact that we donrsquot have a standard training toolkit is really an impediment to thedevelopment of new data centres

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 26

2 IODE INSTITUTIONAL COMPONENTS AND THEINTERNATIONAL OCEAN DATA SYSTEM(P Geerders)

Slide 1

1P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Institutional Components and theInternational Ocean Data System

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

2P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE ObjectivesThe International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) system has been

established in 1961 to

enhance marine research exploration and development by facilitating the exchange ofoceanographic data and information between participating Member States

Rationale

ocean basin and global processes

availability of an international exchange system to provide data and information from allavailable sources

local processes

access to data collected by other Member States in their area of interest

The economic benefit of obtaining data by exchange as opposed to collecting it oneself ishuge

Critical succes factors

support of participating Member States

involvement of many individual institutions and marine scientists

contribution of data and the necessary expertise to maintain and further develop the IODEsystem

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 27

Slide 3

3P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE provides

bull an infrastructure a network not only ofpeople but also physcial eg through theInternet (E-mail Web Sites FTP)

bull tools such as procedures and guidelines forinformation and data handling (submissionof planned research completed researchavailable datasets publications formats forexchange and archival)

bull services such as information datareferral advice and assistance

potential commercial value of information and data needs to be kept in mind

Slide 4

4P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network

bull managed and guided by committee underIOC of UNESCO

bull maintains close links with otherintergovernmental and international bodies(UN WMO UNEP EC IAEA IMOFAO )

bull focuses on scientific aspects butincreasingly also supports management ofthe marine and coastal environment and itsresources

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 28

Slide 5

5P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network consists of

bull WDCrsquos World Data Centres (SilverSpring-USA Moscow-Russia Tianjin-China)

bull NODCrsquos National Oceanographic DataCentres (56 around the world)

bull RNODCrsquos Responsible NODCrsquos (10)

Slide 6

6P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of WDC

bull receive oceanographic data and inventories from NODCs RNODCs marine science organizations and individual scientists These data are collected and submitted voluntarily from national programmes or arise from international co-operative ventures

bull provide copies of data inventories and publications to NODCsDNAs to RNODCs and to international co-operative programmes as appropriate in exchange or with a charge not to exceed the cost of providing the service

bull monitor the performance of the international data exchange system and report their findings to the IOC Secretariat and the C-IODE The Committee can use this information to take appropriate action to correct deficiencies in the international exchange system

NOTE In general the exchange of internationally significant data holdings and data inventory information between WDCs for Oceanography and their counterparts is expected to take place on a regular basis without charge in order to keep the data holdings of the Centres identical

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 29

Slide 7

7P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of NODC

bull centralized facility bull providing ocean datainformation bull on a continuing basis bull in a usable form bull to a wide user community bull acquires processes quality controls inventories archives and disseminates data in accordance with national responsibilities bull normally charged with the responsibility for conducting international exchange bull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data and submit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography or RNODC bull can request and receive from the WDCs for Oceanography or RNODCs similar data or inventory information which they need for their own (national) requirements

Some Member States that have not established an NODC have instead officially assigned the responsibility of international exchange of oceanographic data and information to a Designated National Agency (DNA)

Slide 8

8P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of RNODC

Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centres are National Oceanographic Data Centres who have accepted additional special responsibilities These can include specific data types (eg Drifting Buoys data) or specific regions (eg Southern Oceans)

RNODC-SOC (Southern Oceans)

RNODC for Drifting Buoys Data

RNODC for IGOSS (BATHY and TESAC)

RNODCS for MARPOLMON

RNODC for WESTPAC (Western Pacific)

RNODC for Waves

RNODC for JASIN

RNODC - Formats

RNODC - ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 30

Slide 9

9P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE committee work done by

bull Groups of Experts

[meet periodically continuous activity]

bull Task Teams

[work only by correspondence worklimited in time]

bull Plenary Session (about every 2-3 years)

[representatives of WDCrsquos NODCrsquos andRNODCrsquos with observers of relatedorganisations]

SEE IODE HANDBOOK

Slide 10

10P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Activities

Marine Data Management

Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue Project (GODAR)

Oceanographic Data and Information Network for Africa (ODINAFRICA)

Marine Information Management

Development of Standards for Marine Information Management

Development of Marine Information Management Networks in developingregions

Development of Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) Scientists

Development of Ocean Pilot database

Development of Marine Metadata Management System

Development of Marine Bibliographic Tools Cooperation in ASFA

Cooperation with IAMSLIC and its regional groups

Information Technology know-how sharing

Development Electronic Information Services

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 31

Slide 11

11P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Tools for

METADATA MANAGEMENT

Blue Pages

Irish EDMED

DATA MANAGEMENT

ArcExplorer

ATLAST

OceanPC

ROSWin

SURFER

Slide 12

12P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODErsquos Data and Information Sources

IODE helps you to find

bull marine scientists and institutions (GLODIR)

bull marine science related web sites (OceanPilot)

bull marine science related Internet discussion lists (ListServs)

bull information on marine science related conferences and meetings

bull what does an abbreviation (acronym) stand for (OceanAcronyms)

bull a scientific publication (bibliography)

bull marine science libraries (IDALIC)

bull useful websites (Training amp Tools KnowHow-KnowNow)

bull ocean data (Datasets)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 32

Slide 13

13P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Training Tools

IODE Resource Kit

middot specific methods tools and systems (principally concerned with databases and software) that can be applied to all types of coastal programs middot a broad suite of training and orientation services middot the web version is a demonstration model of the full version which is being made available on CD-ROM

KnowHow-KnowNow

In this quick referral section you will find places to go when you need know-how to carry out marine information or marine data related tasks

Data amp Information Management Tools

middot specific marine data or marine information management methodology and technology middot information on a wide variety of software tools where to get information how much they cost middot in some cases the software tools are available from our server In other cases we provide links to the author or company that distributessells the product

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 33

3 IODE DATA FLOW AND MONITORING PROCEDURES(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Data Flow and MonitoringProcedures

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

Phases of a data acquisition activity

bull planning =gt DNPNOP

bull completion =gt ROSCOP

bull pre-processing =gt QAQC

bull processing =gt MEDIBlue Pages

bull interpretation

bull publication =gt ASFAASFIS

bull archival

bull exchange =gt IODE network

data access conditionsbull free and open sharingbull at no or low costbull available lt 1 year after collectionbull commitment for permanent archivalbull application of standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 34

4 IODE OPERATIONAL PROJECTS(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Operational Projects

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

IODE Projects

bull GTSPP Global Temperature and SalinityProject

bull IGOSS Integrated Global Ocean ServicesSystem (with WMO)

bull GOOS Global Ocean Observing System

bull GODAR Global Ocean Data Archeologyand Rescue Project

bull QC Quality Control Manual

bull periodic training opportunities ininformation and data management

bull advice on and assistance with informationand data management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 35

Slide 3

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 3

GODAR Project and Achievements

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 4

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 4

IODE GODAR project

GODAR - WHAT IS GODAR

IOCrsquos GLOBAL OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA ARCHAEOLOGY AND RESCUE PROJECT

GODAR - WHY

bull fundamental importance and value of the databull risk of being lost to future usebull for compilation of global oceanographic databases

GODAR - AIMS

bull digitisation of data which is still in manuscript formbull archival of the data at two or more international data centres in digital formbull compilation of catalogues (inventories) of

- data now available only in manuscript form - data now available only in analogue form - digital data not presently available

bull making all data accessible on various media including CD-ROMs

GODAR - WHICH DATA HAS PRIORITY

bull hydrographic casts including all chemical and biological observations bull salinity-conductivity temperature-depth casts bull expendable bathythermograph casts bull mechanical bathythermograph casts

GODAR - RESULTS AT PRESENT

bull atlasesbull technical reports bull workshop reports (5)bull CD-ROMrsquos

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 36

Slide 5

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 5

New technology for data acquisitionRemote Sensing

Data Buoys

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 6

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 6

New technologies

some examples

bull Remote Sensing from aircraft and fromspace

bull Automated Systems on data buoys andremote fixed platforms

bull ADCP

bull towed ondulating systems

common aspects

bull high spatial coverage andor

bull high temporal coverage but mostly

bull non-standard output products

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 37

Slide 7

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 7

Common system elements

bull transducer (from geophysical variable to electronic variablecurrent voltage frequency)

bull digitising (from analogue to digital form)

bull multiplexing (combine several datastreams into one)

bull recording (record data on board for later transmission orretrieval)

bull transmission (transmission of full datastream to receivingcentre)

bull reception (reception of transmitted datastream)

bull de-multiplexing (separation of data from differentsensorstransducers)

bull pre-processing (translation of data into geophysical units andquality control)

bull processing (conversion into required format includingcomputation of averages etc)

bull presentation (display of the data in various forms and formatsfor specific applications)

bull archival (permanent or semi-permanent archival of the data)

bull distribution (to users and applications)

Slide 8

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 8

Some aspects of Remote Sensing

bull 3 windowsvisible 400-800 nm =gt colour

infrared 1-100 micron =gt temperature

microwaves 1-100 cm =gt ldquowaterstructurerdquo

bull passive versus active techniques

bull platformssatellite (geostationary or polar orbit)

aircraft

high towers or locations

bull sensors and their data structure

radiometers =gt point data

scanners =gt line data

CCD matrix =gt image

Synthetic aperture =gt image

bull product generation requires

field data for calibration and validation

atmospheric correction (espvisible and infrared)

algorithm to translate RS data into relevant geophysical parameter

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 38

6 Data Information and Metadata(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Data Information and MetadataData Information and Data Information and MetadataMetadata

Slide 2

2

Data and InformationData and InformationData and Information

bull Data is the raw material

bull The raw material is processed

bull The result is information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 39

Slide 3

3

An Information SystemAn Information SystemAn Information System

bull An information system is defined as a set of rules usedto process data and convert it into information

bull The information system processes the raw data isuseful people

bull The relationship between data and information is oftensummarised in the Input-Process-Output Model

Input Process Output

Slide 4

4

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

ldquo Data ManagementData Management is the process of planning

coordinating and controlling an organisations

datardquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 40

Slide 5

5

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

bull Data management is a philosophy ofndash managing data as an organisational resource

ndash treating data as an important sharable resource

bull Data management is the mechanism for deliveringinformation to decision makers

Slide 6

6

Data ManagementData ManagementData Management

bull The scope of data management ranges from dataacquisition to the production of some kind of output

bull Data management covers the storage transporttransformation combination aggregation of data andmaking it available to those who need it and have theright to access it

bull Data management ends when data becomesinformation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 41

Slide 7

7

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

bull ldquoInformation about datardquo

bull Metadata describes the content quality condition andother characteristics of data

bull Not the actual dataset itself

Slide 8

8

Example of MetadataExample ofExample of Metadata Metadata

bull A library cataloguendash Title of book

ndash Author

ndash Publication date

ndash Unique reference number

ndash Where to find it

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 42

Slide 9

9

Importance of MetadataImportance ofImportance of Metadata Metadata

bull Provides a means to discover that a dataset exists andhow it can be accessed

bull Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

bull Makes data more accessible

bull Reduces duplication of data collection

Slide 10

10

Metadata for Marine DataMetadataMetadata for Marine Data for Marine Data

Metadata elements include

bull Identificationndash name of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

bull Data qualityndash positional and attribute accuracy completeness

bull Distributionndash who holds the data formats and media

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 43

Slide 11

11

Two different approaches

bull Comprehensive definition of data elements to definemetadata including data transfer

bull Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

Metadata StandardsMetadataMetadata Standards Standards

Slide 12

12

bull Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)ndash standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

ndash lengthy

ndash compliance is difficult to achieve

ndash terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 44

Slide 13

13

bull International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)ndash draft international standard for metadata

ndash defines 2 levels of compliance

Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required touniquely identify a dataset

ndash title responsible party date language abstract purposeprogress extent keywords use constraints spatial referencesystem distribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe adataset

ndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citationinformation

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

Slide 14

14

bull Australia New Zealand Land Information Council(ANZLIC)ndash uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

ndash Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

ndash Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

ndash Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 45

Slide 15

15

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Slide 16

16

IODE and MetadataIODE and IODE and MetadataMetadata

bullbull MEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationMEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationReferral SystemReferral System

bull MEDI Objectives ldquoMEDI will provide the marine community with referrals

concerning the availability location andcharacteristics of marine environmental data to meettheir specific needsrdquo (1979)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 46

Slide 17

17

MEDI CatalogueMEDI CatalogueMEDI Catalogue

bull First published in 1979 - contained 86 datasetdescriptions from 40 institutions in 20 countries

bull Second edition published in 1985 - contained 219datasets from 64 institutions in 32 countries

bull Third edition published in 1993 - contained 247datasets from 40 institutions in 27 countries

bull All three editions were made available in printedformat only (as IOC Manual and Guides)

Slide 18

18

MEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot Project

bull 15th Session of IODE (1996) recommended thesetting up of a pilot project to ldquoTest ways and means of applying modern technology to

the further development of the MEDI system and on thebasis of these investigations to draft a specification fora revised MEDIrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 47

Slide 19

19

Existing Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata Systems

bull Review of three marine metadata directory systemshas been undertakenndash European Directory of Marine Environmental Data

(EDMED)

ndash Marine amp Coastal Data Directory of Australia (BluePages)

ndash Extended EDMED for Ireland

bull Similar structure for all these directories - only minorvariations

Slide 20

20

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryTheThe Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory

bull Main function is management of marine metadata

bull Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

bull Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadata guidelines

bull Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 48

Slide 21

21

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 22

22

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 49

Slide 23

23

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software

bull Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

bull Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

bull Two versions of the softwarendash compiled version requires MS Access 7 licence7

ndash run-time version does not require MS Access

bull Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 50

7 A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

1International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

A Metadata Directory System forMarine Data

A Metadata Directory System forA Metadata Directory System forMarine DataMarine Data

Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data Centre

Slide 2

2International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

Data about data

Metadata describes the content quality conditionand other characteristics of data

Not the actual dataset itself

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 51

Slide 3

3International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Example of MetadataExample of MetadataExample of Metadata

A library catalogue Title of book

Author

Publication date

Unique reference number

Where to find it

Slide 4

4International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Importance of MetadataImportance of MetadataImportance of Metadata

Provides a means to discover that a dataset existsand how it can be accessed

Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

Makes data more accessible

Reduces duplication of data collection

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 52

Slide 5

5International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata elements include

Identificationname of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

Data qualitypositional and attribute accuracy completeness

Distributionwho holds the data formats and media

Slide 6

6International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata StandardsMetadata StandardsMetadata Standards

Two different approaches

Comprehensive definition of data elements todefine metadata including data transfer

Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 53

Slide 7

7International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

lengthy

compliance is difficult to achieve

terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Slide 8

8International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)draft international standard for metadata (Geographic

Information - 15046 Part 15 Metadata)

defines 2 levels of compliance Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required to uniquely

identify a datasetndash title responsible party date language abstract purpose progress

extent keywords use constraints spatial reference systemdistribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe a datasetndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citation

information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 54

Slide 9

9International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards Australia New Zealand Land Information Council

(ANZLIC)uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Slide 10

10International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 55

Slide 11

11International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Directories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine Data

A successful Marine Data Directory must becomplete

easy to use

reliable

Should contain enough information for a user todetermine the suitability of a dataset

Slide 12

12International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory Main function is management of marine metadata

Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadataguidelines

Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 56

Slide 13

13International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 14

14International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 57

Slide 15

15International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

Two versions of the softwarecompiled version requires MS Access 7 licence

run-time version does not require MS Access

Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

Slide 16

16International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

ConclusionConclusionConclusion

Metadata is fundamental - not incidental

Metadata directories should contain sufficient detailfor users to identify suitable datasets

Metadata directories containing only core metadataelements are easier to populate and maintain

Ease of use and flexible search tools are essential toencourage use of metadata directories

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 58

8 Numerical Vs Textual Databases(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Numerical Vs TextualDatabases

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

DBMS

bull Structured information storage amp retrievalsoftware

bull Initially came into being for handling ofnumerical data like

rArr Stores inventory controlrArr Salary management

rArr Accountancy etc

bull Notable examples of well known softwares Dbase FoxPro Access

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 59

Slide 3

TEXTUAL DBMS

bull Deal with data whose major constituent istext

bull Offer many features normally found inword processing softwares

rArr Cut - PasterArr Insert - Replace moderArr Cursor movement

bull by arrow keysbull word by wordbull to beginning amp end of the field

rArr Delete field contents from cursor positiononwards or whole field

Slide 4

bull Handle fields of varying length

rArr Optimal utilization of HD space

rArr Freedom for defining maximum length of afield

rArr Freedom of defining databases for complexstructure

rArr Linking two records from same database

rArr Storage of data in ISO - 2709 format

textual DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 60

Slide 5

rArr Conglomerate date elements of singleconcept under one roof (field) keepingtheir identity

rArr Generate indexes on the desiredsubfields only

bull Offer repeatable field facility

rArrTo accommodate data elements of thesame field occurring more than once

bull Offer sub-field facility

textual DBMS

Slide 6

DATA ENTRY

bull Support multiple data entry worksheets

bull Automatically recall of last modifiedrecord or search result(s) for editing

bull Control characters for filing informationand search term delimiters

rArr using lt gt within the data fields

bull Scrolling fields for data entry of longerelements

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 61

Slide 7

bull Pick-list assistance for data withstandard structure

bull Help messages to assist data entry

data entry

Slide 8

DISPLAY FORMATS

bull Multiple display formats

bull Line break at word level

bull Data display formats to includecommands which produce

rArr Data (contents of given field)

rArr Actions (skipping to new line leavingblank lines amp columns lower - uppercase etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 62

Slide 9

rArr Numerical

rArr String

rArr Boolean

rArr String function help to link two records todisplay data as if it is from single record

bull Support different type of expressionsamp functions

display formats

Slide 10

bull Allow escape sequences to printdata in bold italics etc

bull Sorted output

display formats

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 63

Slide 11

DATA INVERSION INDEXING

bull Use of single index to allow search fora given term in any field

bull Index on

rArr Whole field

rArr Specific subfield(s) of a field

rArr Words in a field

rArr Phrases

Slide 12

bull Index terms for efficient retrievalbacked up by efficient index notingrArr Record number

rArr Field of occurrence

rArr Occurrence number

rArr Sequence number

bull lsquoStopwordrsquo file to prevent indexing ofwords not likely to be searched (like aan the or not and their these etc)

data inversion

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 64

Slide 13

SEARCH

bull Search expressions based onBoolean algebra consisting of searchoperators OR AND NOT

bull Search expressions built onrArr Precise terms (words phrases numbers

etc)

rArr Right truncated terms

rArr lsquoAnyrsquo terms (a collective term standing forset of predefined search terms)

Slide 14

bull Field level and proximity searchoperatorsrArr Same field

rArr All repeatable fields as single field (G)

rArr Within a single repeatable field (F)

rArr Terms within the field not longer than lsquonrsquowords apart (eg AhellipB (maximum twowords between A amp B)

rArr Terms within the field exact lsquonrsquo wordsapart (eg A$$B (exactly one word apart)

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 65

Slide 15

bull Parenthesis for expressive syntax

bull Specified field or group of fields inwhich the term to appear (egA(350 351)

bull Free text search for fields notindexed beyond Boolean logic

bull Display of searched results indesired format

search

Slide 16

bull Search byrArr Typing search expression

rArr Picking up terms from the dictionary(indexed list of terms)

rArr Recalling previous search expression (andediting if required)

rArr Recalling previous search set

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 66

Slide 17

bull Sort and print retrieved records indesired format

bull The desired format can be predefinedor to be defined for case specific

RETRIEVAL

Slide 18

bull Printing to support page layoutparameters required for a particularprint runrArr Headings sub-headings

rArr Page numbers or no page number

rArr Number of columns

rArr Line width column width

rArr Lines page

rArr End of column tolerance

rArr Data indention

retrieval

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 67

Slide 19

DATA TRANSFER ANDPROGRAMMING

bull Import amp export records from toother databases

bull Take backup

bull Programming with high levellanguages with additional library ofcertain functions and procedures

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 68

9 Distributed Database Management Systems(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Distributed Database ManagementSystems

Distributed Database ManagementDistributed Database ManagementSystemsSystems

Slide 2

2

BackgroundBackgroundBackground

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 69

Slide 3

3

What is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database System

bull A distributed database (DDB) is a collection ofmultiple logically interrelated databases distributedover a computer network

bull A distributed database management system (D-DBMS)is the software that manages the DDB and provides anaccess mechanism that makes the distributiontransparent to the users

bull Distributed database system (DDBS)=DDB+D-DBMS

Slide 4

4

Centralised DBMS on a NetworkCentralised Centralised DBMS on a NetworkDBMS on a Network

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 70

Slide 5

5

Distributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS Environment

Slide 6

6

Distributed DBMSDistributed DBMSDistributed DBMS

bull A DBMS manages data stored on several computers(usually geographically distributed) through variouscommunication media (usually networks)

bull Types of transactionsndash Local Transaction accesses data only at one site which

it was submitted

ndash Global Transaction Accesses data either at differentsite than the submission site or accesses data at severalsites

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 71

Slide 7

7

Applications of DDBSApplications of DDBSApplications of DDBS

bull Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)

bull Airlines

bull Hotel chains

bull Corporate MIS

bull Military command and control

bull Any organisation which has a decentralisedorganisation structure

Slide 8

8

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Data sharingndash users at one site can easily access data at other sites

bull Greater availabilityndash failure at one site does not mean that the whole

database is unavailable

bull Autonomy of operation and control of local datandash reduces problems of data management and data access

to local component of DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 72

Slide 9

9

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Ease of reconfiguration and extensionndash new databases and processors can be added to the

network without changing existing systems

bull Lower costsndash smaller computers can be used at each site

Slide 10

10

Disadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBS

bull Complexityndash network architecture

bull Costndash additional hardware required communication costs

bull Distribution of controlndash no one persondepartment in control

bull Lack of experiencendash need specialised skills to implement and run

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 73

Slide 11

11

Network ArchitectureNetwork ArchitectureNetwork Architecture

bull Specifies how sites in the system are connected toeach otherndash fully connected

ndash tree

ndash star

ndash ring

ndash partially connected

bull Network typesndash LAN - local area network

ndash WAN - wide area network

Slide 12

12

Distributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS Architecture

bull autonomy - the degree to which the DBMSs ateach site have control over their operation

bull distribution - the degree towhich the database isdistributed

bull heterogeneity - the degreeto which the DBMSs ateach site are different

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 74

Slide 13

13

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replicationndash stores a relation at two or more sites

bull Advantagesndash availability

bull Disadvantagesndash increased overhead on update

Slide 14

14

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull horizontal

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 75

Slide 15

15

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull vertical

Slide 16

16

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replication and fragmentation

bull combination of the two

bull fragments can be replicated

bull replicates can be fragmented

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 76

Slide 17

17

Network TransparencyNetwork TransparencyNetwork Transparency

Transparency

bull the degree to which users can remain unaware of thedetails of the design of the distributed system

Goal

bull to maximise transparency so that users view thedistributed database as a single database

Slide 18

18

Distributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query Processing

The distributed database should look like a singledatabase to users (transparency)

bull a query may require data from several sites

bull factors to considerndash cost of data transmission

ndash reliability of data communications

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 77

10 Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data(Pankajakshan Thadathil Goa India)

Slide 1

Quality and Quality Control ofOceanographic Data

Pankajakshan ThadathilRNODC-INDO

National Institute ofOceanography

Dona Paula Goa

Slide 2

ldquo Oceanographic data is like an infant Unless care is taken it issusceptible to injuries ( errors) However unlike infants data is

immortal Once it is collected it remains as a source ofinformation for everrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 78

Slide 3

Data Collection preparation

Instruments CalibrationReagents Preparation etc H - Factor

Different Stages Sources of Errors Human ( H) Non -H facor

Data Collection Instrument Mulfunctions N-H Factor

Data RecordingDegitisation of Analougeto digital parallelax errorerror in analysis etc

H and N-H

Data TransferFrom hard copy to computerfrom remote sensors to receiving stationrsquos computer

H and N-H

Slide 4

Errors in general can be classified as

Random Errorand

Systematic Error

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 79

Slide 5

General Quality Checks Involved in Oceanographic Data

Inventory Level Checks

Position Datetime Vessel Speed Duplicateand Sounding

Data Level Checks

Visual Inspection Range Check Climatology CheckInversion Check Neighbourhood Check Spikes Stability Check Depth Reversal Duplicate etc

Slide 6

Typical Random and Systemtic Error

bull Random error = (St Dev Sq rt of No Obs )

bull Systematic Error = Bias

26 27 28 29 30 31 32Bucket SST ( C )

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

CTD

- S

ST

( C

)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 80

Slide 7

Vertical Profile

Vertical Section

Horizontal Distribution

Data - Level Check

Visual Inspection

Surface Transient

Spikes Fall Rate

Temperature Inversion

Neighbourhood

Climatology Nub

Wire StretchWire Break

Assignment ofQuality Code

IODC XBT

Data Base

XBT Data

Inventory-level Check

Position

Duplicates

Date-Time

Vessel Speed

Station Sounding

Quality Control Module

Visualisation

An Interactive System for XBT QualityControl and Visualisation

Slide 8

IGOOS Quality Codes

0 No Quality Control ( QC) has been performed on this element1 QC has been performed Element appears to be correct2 QC has been performed Element appears to be inconsistent with other elements3 QC has been performed Element appears to be doubtful4 QC has been performed Element appears to be erroneous5 The value has been changed as a result of QC6 7 and 8 Reserved9 The value of the element is missing

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 81

11 Geographic Information System (GIS)(PD Kunte NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Data Product Development Tools

Pravin D Kunte

e-mail kuntecsniorennicinData amp Information Div

National Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa - 403 004

Geographic Information System (GIS)

Slide 2

Geographic Information System

is a suit of hardware amp software which has capability to handle bothspatial and Non-spatial data concurrently

Four Major components are

bull Database Module bull Analysis Modulebull Presentation Modulebull Capture Module

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 82

Slide 3

G I S Data types and Modules

Geographic data

Physical DimensionGeographic locationAny Qualifying data

ATTRIBUTE DATA -- Qualifies Spatial dataSPATIAL DATA -- Physical Dimension amp Location

Geometric Entities Point line Polygon

Representation of Data VECTOR Vs RASTER

Slide 4

DATA CAPTURE

bullKey board entrybullManual digitizationbullAutomated input

bullImporting ImagesbullImporting DatabullVoice Input

Steps in Data Inputting

1 a) Digitizing Operation b) Auto Scanning (Point or stream mode)2 Import data from other sources 1 Projection 2) Scale3 Raster amp Vector

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 83

Slide 5

G I S DATABASE DESIGN

ATTRIBUTE DATABASE CREATION

Conceptual DesignbullApplication RequirementsbullEnd-utilization GoalsbullTarget Users

Logical DesignbullDatabase specificationbullDatabase ElementsbullDatabase StructurebullDatabase updation procedure

Physical Design Hardware Software requirements

G I S Package Dependent -----

||

Slide 6

SPATIAL DATABASE CREATION

bullDefine reference point and extent for study sitebullCreate Map in Polyconic UnitbullDigitize Theme from Thematic databullEdit and Topology BuildingbullCheck for ErrorsbullCreate separate Themes hellip Theme1 Theme2 etcbullAssociate other Attributes if anyhellipbullTheme ready for Analysis

Define Relation between Spatial and Non-Spatial data

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 84

Slide 7

SPATIAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES

Overlay Operations in Raster amp Vector based System

1 Feature Combination ---- Union amp Intersect

2 Feature Extraction --- Erase --- Clip ampSplit

3 Feature Combination amp Extraction 1 Update 2 Indentity3 Proximity Aggregation4 Spatial Aggregation5 Generalization

Slide 8

MODELING IN G I S

Modeling is a process of doing a systematic and logicalenquiry of the data for establishing the relationshipsbetween the variables

1 Methodological Models How a desired function could be workedout wing different operations in a sequen-tial or in a logically related manner

2 Mathematical Model1 Binary models using nominal variables2 Weighting models at an ordinal level3 Quantitative models using intervals amp ratio

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 85

Slide 9

QUERIES IN G I S

All Kinds of S Q L Queries at following three levels

1 Point mode2 line mode3 Polygon mode

Three levels of Queries

1 Logical 2 Spatio-logical 3 Model base

Slide 10

3 D IN G I S

Digital Surface Modeling (DSM) encompasses task like Understanding of Surface Characteristics

bullD S M GenerationbullD S M analysis for derivativesbullD S M Application

The Derivatives Obtained arebull3D visualization of SurfacebullPlanner derivatives like slops aspects ranges etcbullSpot heights amp surface distances

Applicationbull3D display of bottom topographybullCut amp Fill estimationsbullComparisons of different terrain

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 86

Slide 11

NET WORKING IN G I S

Network is a set of connected lines which are conduitsfor resources movement and are connected to each other at nodes

Elements are

1 Lines 2 Resistance 3 Resource demand 4 Turns5 Stops 6 Facility - Point 7 Blocks

Applications of Networking

1 Path determination 2 Resource allocation3 Distribution analysis 4 Utility locating

Slide 12

G I S can be used in numerous wayshellip

-- for processing amp integrating spatial data-- archiving amp managing data-- for displaying amp generating thematic maps-- for building scenarios-- for predicting impacts-- to simulate amp animate operations amp processes

and also to develop models to represent REALlife situation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 87

Slide 13

G I S in Oceanography

Oceanography being a multidisciplinary study ofdynamic media within which various processes takeplace and interact over a wide range of space and timehas tremendous potential

State-of-the-art

ASFA indicates only 55 studies in Oceanography as comparedto over 2000 land-based application

Out of 55 studies --- 1 63 (35) studies pertain to coast2 16 ( 9) Near shore region3 9 (5) Open Ocean

Slide 14

G I S in Oceanography

Hurdles

1 GIS are designed and built for land application

2 Limited availability of good quality data of temporal nature and uniform density coverage

3 Diversified parameters lat-long time season depth

4 Relatively less physical objects few topo features

5 Media is highly volatile dynamic complex 4 dimensional

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 88

Slide 15

Thanks

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 89

12 Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools(A Ghosh NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

QWHUQHW(YROXWLRQ6SUHDGQWHUQHW(YROXWLRQ6SUHDG3URVSHFWVDQG7RROV3URVSHFWVDQG7RROV

Aravind GhoshAravind Ghosh K KNational Institute of OceanographyNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa 403 004 IndiaDona Paula Goa 403 004 Indiae-mail e-mail garvindgarvindcsniocsniorenrennicnicinin

URL httpURL httpwwwwwwnionioorgorg

Slide 2

KDWLVQWHUQHWKDWLVQWHUQHW

Collection of thousands of computerCollection of thousands of computernetworksnetworks

More than 100 million users More than 100 million users

Growth rate 10 per monthGrowth rate 10 per month

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 90

Slide 3

7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW

Medium for effective communicationMedium for effective communication

Research Support with informationResearch Support with informationretrieval mechanismretrieval mechanism

Cost and Feature flexibilityCost and Feature flexibility

Local as well as International EntityLocal as well as International Entity

Heterogeneous infrastructure andHeterogeneous infrastructure andappearance and usageappearance and usage

Not owned by any oneNot owned by any one

Slide 4

QWHUQHW2ULJLQQWHUQHW2ULJLQ

2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started

2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites started2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites startedoperatingoperating

1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP

1983 - ARPANET and MILNET1983 - ARPANET and MILNET

July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15MbpsMbps

1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agencies1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agenciesto strengthen NSFNETto strengthen NSFNET

April 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPSApril 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 91

Slide 5

QWHUQHW)URQWHDGHUVQWHUQHW)URQWHDGHUV

The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society

Commercial Internet ExchangeCommercial Internet Exchange

FARNETFARNET

Slide 6

QWHUQHW6RFLDOHYHORSPHQWVQWHUQHW6RFLDOHYHORSPHQWV

Internet WormInternet Worm

Slovenia IndependenceSlovenia Independence

Russian CoupRussian Coup

Internet amp PersonalityInternet amp Personality

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 92

Slide 7

QWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROVQWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROV

E-mailE-mail

Telnet - Remote LoginTelnet - Remote Login

FTP - File Transfer ProtocolFTP - File Transfer Protocol

ARCHIEARCHIE

GOPHER and VeronicaGOPHER and Veronica

USENET and Discussion ListsUSENET and Discussion Lists

Wide Area Information ServersWide Area Information Servers

Internet Relay ChatInternet Relay Chat

World Wide Web (WWW)World Wide Web (WWW)

TalkTalk

Slide 8

RUOGLGHHERUOGLGHHE

legitimate way of publishinglegitimate way of publishing

distributed object management systemdistributed object management system

unstructured and serendipitousunstructured and serendipitousbrowsingbrowsing

Search ToolsEnginesSearch ToolsEngines

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 93

Slide 9

6($5amp+72267lt3(66($5amp+72267lt3(6

SUBJECT TREESSUBJECT TREES structured and organized hierarchystructured and organized hierarchy

of categoriesof categories Maintained manuallyMaintained manually Keyword searchable indexesKeyword searchable indexes

Slide 10

6($5amp+72267lt3(66($5amp+72267lt3(6

6($5amp+(11(66($5amp+(11(6 LQGH[VL]HLQGH[VL]H XSGDWHIUHTXHQFXSGDWHIUHTXHQF VHDUFKRSWLRQVVHDUFKRSWLRQV VHDUFKUHWULHYDOVSHHGVHDUFKUHWULHYDOVSHHG UHVXOWVHWSUHVHQWDWLRQUHVXOWVHWSUHVHQWDWLRQ UHOHYDQFHRILWHPVLQUHVXOWVHWUHOHYDQFHRILWHPVLQUHVXOWVHW HDVHRIXVHHDVHRIXVH

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 94

Slide 11

6($5amp+(11(6amp$7(25(66($5amp+(11(6amp$7(25(6

6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV

LUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHVLUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHV

6HDUFK(QJLQH6HDUFK(QJLQH

0HWD0HWD6HDUFKHUV6HDUFKHUV

636HDUFK(QJLQH636HDUFK(QJLQH

86(1(76HDUFK(QJLQH86(1(76HDUFK(QJLQH

)736RIWZDUH6HDUFK(QJLQH)736RIWZDUH6HDUFK(QJLQH

ltHOORZ3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQHltHOORZ3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQH

KLWH3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQHVKLWH3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQHV

0DLOLQJLVWLUHFWRULHV0DLOLQJLVWLUHFWRULHV

6XEMHFW7UHHV6XEMHFW7UHHV

HRJUDSKLFDO6HDUFK7RROVHRJUDSKLFDO6HDUFK7RROV

5HYLHZLQJVLWHV5HYLHZLQJVLWHV

6SHFLDOL]HG6XEMHFWXLGHV6SHFLDOL]HG6XEMHFWXLGHV

Slide 12

6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV

Spiders Robot WormsAltaVista httpwwwaltavistadigitalcom Excite httpwwwexcitecom HotBot httpwwwhotbotcom InfoSeek httpwwwinfoseekcom Lycos httpwwwlycoscom OpenText httpwwwopentextuunetca8080 WebCrawler httpwwwwebcrawlercom

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 95

Slide 13

LUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHVLUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHV

A2Z httpa2zlycoscom EINet Galaxy httpgalaxyeinetnet InfoSeek httpwwwinfoseekcom Magellan httpwwwmckinleycom Pointcom httpwwwpointcomcom Tradewave Galaxy httpgalaxyeinetnet Yahoo httpwwwyahoocom

Slide 14

6($5amp+(11(66($5amp+(11(6 $OWD9LVWD$OWD9LVWD KWWSKWWSZZZZZZDOWDYLVWDDOWDYLVWDGLJLWDOFRPGLJLWDOFRP ([FLWH([FLWH KWWSKWWSZZZZZZH[FLWHFRPH[FLWHFRP +DUYHVWURNHU+DUYHVWURNHU KWWSWRZQKDOORUJKWWSWRZQKDOORUJ

+RWRW+RWRW KWWSKWWSZZZZZZKRWERWKRWERWFRPFRP GHQWLIGHQWLI KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLGHQWLIFRPLGHQWLIFRP ([SORUHU([SORUHU KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLH[SORUHUFRPLH[SORUHUFRP QIRKLZDQIRKLZD KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLQIRKLZDLQIRKLZDFRPFRP QIR6HHNQIR6HHN KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLQIRVHHNLQIRVHHNFRPFRP QNWRPLQNWRPL KWWSKWWSLQNWRPLLQNWRPLEHUNHOHEHUNHOHHGXHGX QWXLWLYHHEQGH[QWXLWLYHHEQGH[ KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLH[SLH[SFRPLQGH[FRPLQGH[

-DGH-DGH KWWSKWWSZZZZZZMDGHMDGHFRPFRP (2(2 KWWSKWWSZZZZZZOHROHRRUJRUJFJLFJLELQELQOHROHRVHDUFKVHDUFK

LQN0DVWHULQN0DVWHU KWWSKWWSZZZZZZOLQNPDVWHUOLQNPDVWHUFRPFRP

LQN0RQVWHULQN0RQVWHU KWWSKWWSZZZZZZOLQNPRQVWHUOLQNPRQVWHUFRPFRP

LQN6WDULQN6WDU KWWSKWWSZZZZZZOLQNVWDUOLQNVWDUFRPFRP FRVFRV KWWSKWWSZZZZZZOFRVOFRVFRPFRP 0DJHOODQ0DJHOODQ KWWSKWWSZZZZZZPFNLQOHPFNLQOHFRPFRP

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 96

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Slide 16

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 97

Slide 17

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 98

Slide 19

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Slide 20

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 99

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 100

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 101

Slide 25

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 102

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 104

13 HyperText Markup Language(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

1

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Slide 2

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 105

Slide 3

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 106

Slide 5

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HyperText Markup Language

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Slide 6

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 107

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Slide 8

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 108

Slide 9

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Slide 10

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 109

Slide 11

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Slide 13

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 113

14 Numerical Databases Over WWW(V Chavan CMMB Hyderabad India)

Slide 1

Numerical Databases OverWWW

Vishwas ChavanScientist

Centre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyHyderabad India

Slide 2

Databases over Web Approaches

db files to flatascii files Import and Host Live Connectivity

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 114

Slide 3

Flat ascii files on WWW

Oceanline ver 10 Publications ver 10

Slide 4

Oceanline ver 10 OCEANLINE is an online public access catalogue of books monographs

technical reports conference proceedings maps and atlases etcavailable at NIO Library

Files in Oceanline HTML files in varwwwhtdocsOceanline 1indexhtml is the main page

2classearchhtml allows you to perform search Oceanlineaccording to the variou classes

CGI scripts in varwwwcgi-binOceanline 1For the main search

fsearchcgi performs the start search nsearchcgi performs the search for next set of matches psearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches 2For the search according to classes

fclassearchcgi performs the start search nclassearchcgi performs the search for next set of

matches pclassearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 115

Slide 5

Oceanline ver 10 DATA files in varwwwhtdocsOceanlinedata

Category Data file All areas totiso BooksMonographs biso Standards ciso Maps amp Atlases giso Conf preceedings Volumes kiso Dictionaries liso Numerics amp tables niso Technical Reports riso Thesis uiso Bibliographies amp Abstracts ziso isisfdt is the field tags identification file To add new data to Oceanline use the following commands at the prompt 1 cp olddataiso tempiso 2 cat newdataiso tempiso gtolddataiso 3 rm tempiso

Slide 6

Import and Host

Stores db - FoxPro Import to Lotus 123 Fetch into Notes Document base Host on WWW through Domino Server

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 116

Slide 7

Live Connectivity

mSQL MS ACCESS ORACLE

Slide 8

mSQL

Manthan ver 10 Daryavardi ver 10 Animalia ver 10

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 117

Slide 9

Manthan ver 10

Directory-based search engine forOceanographic information over theweb

Implemented using msql has adatabase called rsquomanthanrsquo and has asingle table called rsquoman1rsquo

Database = manthan Table = man1

Slide 10

Manthan ver 10

In varwwwhtdocsmanthanindexhtml is the main pageman1puthtml allows you to add records to manthan database

editmanhtml can be used to edit the records already entered in the databaseocnlnkshtml lists some oceanography and marine related sites on the web

manthanhtml gives mythological background of samudra manthanAbout_Manthanhtml this document

Lite scripts are in samudraHugheswwwmanthan

man1inhtml for accepting data into the databaseman1outhtml for querying the database

man1edthtml for editing the recordsman1uphtml for updating the records

showallhtml displays all records in the database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 118

Slide 11

Manthan ver 10

Database is in samudraHughesmsqldbmanthan and has following filesman1dat is the main data fileman1def is field definition file

man1idx index field fileman1idx-url_in is the main index file

Slide 12

MS ACCESS

Plantae ver 10Win NT (Server Version) - 40Internet Information Server (IIS) ver 30 - Web

ServerMS-Accessrsquo97 (ver 80) - Database Active Server Pages (ASP) - Scripting language

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 119

Slide 13

ORACLE

SPMIS at CCMBWorkgroup version of Oracle 80 as RDBMS

MS Visual Basic 60 as front endActiveX controls (OLE controls) facilitate

visualization of Visual Basic application onWWW

ActiveX controls are in-built with MS VisualBasic 60

Slide 14

Thank You

Have a HappyData Management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 120

15 Serving Textual Factual databases on the web(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Serving Textual Factualdatabases on the web

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

TEXTUAL FACTUALDATABASES

bull Primary resources

rArr Living resources eg Flora Fauna(taxonomic morphological distribution gene-banks etc)

rArr Non-living resources eg Geographicallyreferenced databases (satellite images ofphysiography temperature salinity etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 121

Slide 3

Textual Factual databases

bull Secondary resourcesrArr Metadata Catalogue of cruise tracks

sampling stations etcrArr Human institutional Personnel directory

research projects job opportunities etcrArr Bibliographic OPAC published literaturerArr Links to websites Related institutions

Electronic journals Full text documentsetc

Slide 4

Textual Factual databases

bull Tertiary resources

rArr Socio-economic resources Policyinstruments treaties Fish marketinformation Exporters Importers etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 122

Slide 5

KEY ITEMS

bull Databasebull Search retrieve and display software

(CGI)bull User interface (HTML pages)

Slide 6

DATABASE

bull Structured information in any formbull Reliable databull Sizeable number of recordsbull Frequency of updatebull Multimedia component

rArr Graphics JPEG GIF files of pictures and filmclippings

rArr Audio clippings 5 minutes audio capturedat22 kHz in 16 bit stereo - 5mb WAV or AUfiles

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 123

Slide 7

AUDIO CLIPPING FREEWARE

bull Real Audio Encoder(httpwwwrealcom) to generatecompressed RA files from WAV and AU

bull For best results install Real Audio Playerplug on the users browser

bull HTTP streaming to enable reasonable fastloading of audio files to the clientmachines

bull Real Audio Streaming server High Costs

Slide 8

SEARCH RETRIEVE ANDDISPLAY INTERFACE

bull Dictionary of keywords termsrArr Keywords from all fields specific field

bull Open search expressionsbull Boolean logicbull Ideal to retain information about previoustransactionsrArr Use of lsquoInput Type Hiddenrsquo feature supported

by HTML and to carry the details of queryterms in HTML forms through the searchsession

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 124

Slide 9

Search retrieve anddisplay interfacebull Search on index files pointing to

appropriate records in the database forretrieval

bull Programs linked to HTML search formsas well as HTML output for display

Slide 10

USER INTERFACE (HTMLpages)

bull Home page

rArr Less than 32 k size HTML filerArr Column structure than full screenrArr Use of frames feature supported by

HTML to divide screen in two partsrArr Left part Table of contents

rArr Right part Information page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 125

Slide 11

User interface (HTMLpages) Table of contents

bull Introduction to database (origin purposeownership copyrights updating frequencyetc)

bull Overview (contents building searchstrategy charges for search and retrieval ifany contact for further support etc)

bull Data entry formbull Data display Presentation formatsbull Access to databasebull List of previous search sets in current

session

Slide 12

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

rArr Database title subtitle logorArr Other related products (product on

other media subsets etc)rArr Ownership (Developers funding

agency software)rArr Navigator choice and screen

resolution

bull Opening page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 126

Slide 13

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Search tools

rArr Broad group of data-setsrArr Keywords Term indexrArr Geographical co-ordinates

bull Menu items

rArr Pointers to last screenrArr Next screenrArr Sources starting with letters rArr Buttons for submission cancellation

Slide 14

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Display formats

rArr Indicative informativerArr Graphics film cliprArr Audio background

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 127

16 Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

102498 PPissierssens IOC 1

Dynamic Database publishingusing Filemaker Pro

Slide 2

102498 PPissierssens IOC 2

Step 1 create your database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 128

Slide 3

102498 PPissierssens IOC 3

Step 11 populate your database

Slide 4

102498 PPissierssens IOC 4

Step 2 create the html pages

bull Strategyndash online create new record

ndash online edit record

ndash online search recordLetrsquos do this

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 129

Slide 5

102498 PPissierssens IOC 5

Writing the html pages

bull Defaulthtm

bull Searchhtm

bull Search_resultshtm

search_resultshtm

searchhtm

defaulthtm

Slide 6

102498 PPissierssens IOC 6

Writing the html pages

HIDXOWKWPltA HREF=FMPro-db=testdbFP3amp-lay=webamp

-format=searchhtmamp-viewgtSearch the DatabaseltAgt

database Layout to use

Output format action

ACTION

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 130

Slide 7

102498 PPissierssens IOC 7

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step1 the actionsltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=postgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=testdbfp3gt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=search_resultshtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=search_errorhtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=surnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=firstnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=countrygt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-max VALUE=20gtltPgt

Slide 8

102498 PPissierssens IOC 8

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step 2 the search formSurname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgt ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgt Firstname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=17gtltPgtJob TitleltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_title VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtJob Type ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtOrganization ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=organization VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtTypeltBgtltIgt ltIgtltBgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=organization_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtCity ltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=city VALUE= SIZE=22gtltFONTgtltPgtCountryltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=eqgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=country VALUE= SIZE=23gtltFONTgtltPgtActivities ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=activities VALUE= SIZE=58gtltPgt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 131

Slide 9

102498 PPissierssens IOC 9

Writing the html pages

6HDUFKKWP - step 3 the action buttons

ltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=AND checked=gtMatch all words between fields (AND)ltBRgtltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=ORgtMatch any words between fields (OR)

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-Find VALUE=Start SearchgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgt

Slide 10

102498 PPissierssens IOC 10

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKBUHVXOWVKWP[FMP-RECORD]Name[FMP-FIELD Title] [FMP-FIELD firstname]

[FMP-FIELD middle_name]ltBgt [FMP-FIELD surname]ltBgtltPgtGender[FMP-FIELD gender]ltBRgt Degrees[FMP-FIELD degree]ltBRgt Job Title[FMP-FIELD job_title]ltBRgt

Job Type [FMP-FIELD job_type]ltBRgt Organizationampnbsp [FMP-FIELD organization]ltBRgt Organization type [FMP-FIELD organization_type]ltBRgt Departmentampnbsp[FMP-FIELD department]ltBRgt

Address [FMP-FIELD street_address]ltBRgt City [FMP-FIELD city]ltBRgt Country [FMP-FIELD country]ltBRgt Activities [FMP-FIELD activities]ltPgt

[FMP-RECORD]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 132

Slide 11

102498 PPissierssens IOC 11

The queryHttpscppi591testdbFmPro-DB=testdbfp3amp-Lay=webamp-

format=search_resultshtmamp-error=search_errorhtmamp-SortField=surnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=firstnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=countryamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-max=20amp-op=bwampsurname=amp-op=bwampfirstname=amp-op=bwampjob_title=amp-op=bwampjob_type=amp-op=bwamporganization=amp-op=bwamporganization_type=amp-op=bwampcity=amp-op=eqampcountry=indiaamp-op=bwampactivities=amp-lop=ANDamp-Find=Start+Search

ampOLHQW DWDEDVHform

Filled form

query

resulthtml

HEVHUYHU

Slide 12

102498 PPissierssens IOC 12

The resultndash Search Results

Displaying records 1 through 12 of 12 records found

Name Mr Narayan BHASKARGendermaleDegreesMaster of Fisheries Science (MFSc) Bachelor of Fisheries Science (BFSc)Job TitleScientistJob Type ResearchOrganization Central Food Technological Research InstituteOrganization typeDepartment Meat Fish and Poultry TechnologyAddressCity MysoreCountry IndiaActivities 1 Have worked on incidence of bacteria of public health significance in the cultured shrimpsPenaeus monodonduring both the farming and harvest phases 2 Have worked on the shelflife and quality characteristics of the shrimpPenaeus indicus during ice storage 3 Is associated with the study on the food and feeding habits of the shrimpParapeaeopsis stylifera 4 Has worked on the preservation of salted-dried mackerel(Rastrelliger kanagurta Cuvier) usingfilm forming gums 5 Is associated with the study on the extension of shelf life of seer and mackerel steaks using lacticfermentation 6 Has studied the biochemical aspects of the underutilised crustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepaLatreille) from the point of view of processing 7Recently I have proposed projects on the isolation and characterisation oftransglutaminase from the Indian fishcrustacean species for the production of surimi Utilisation of the underutilisedcrustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepa Latreille) for producing value added products evaluation of cultured and wildcaught Indian major carps for the incidence of bacteria of public health significance

[end of this record]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 133

Slide 13

102498 PPissierssens IOC 13

Creating a new record

Step 1 QHZKWP

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE= SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE= SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=30gt

continue here for other fieldsUserID ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=userid VALUE= SIZE=30gtPassword ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=password VALUE= SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME= -New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to next StepgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Slide 14

102498 PPissierssens IOC 14

Creating a new record

bull Step 2 QHZBUHSOKWP

A record has been added to the database

lta href=ldquodefaulthtmrdquogtGo back to menultagt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 134

Slide 15

102498 PPissierssens IOC 15

Editing a recordbull OPTION 1 without security

ndash include field for unique identifierndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull OPTION 2 with securityndash Verify userid and passwordndash list entries for that userID and passwordndash allow selection of record to editndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull TRY

Slide 16

102498 PPissierssens IOC 16

Editing a record

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE=[FMP-Field title] SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE=[FMP-Field firstname]

SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE=[FMP-Field

middle_name] SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE=[FMP-Field surname] SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to nextStepgt

ltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Current value

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 135

Slide 17

102498 PPissierssens IOC 17

Error[FMP-IF CurrentErroreq 509]

Required Value ErrorSorry required information is missing Please check your submission and try again

[FMP-ELSE]

New Record Error

There was an error adding a record to the database Please check your

submission and try again - amp91 ERR[FMP-CURRENTERROR]amp93

ampnbsp

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

Error codes

500 Date value does not meet validation entry options

501 Time value does not meet validation entry options

502 Number value does not meet validation entry options

503 Value in field does not meet range validation entry options

504 Value in field does not meet unique value validation entry options

505 Value in field failed existing value validation test

506 Value in field is not a member value of the validation entry option value list

507 Value in field failed calculation test of validation entry option

508 Value in field failed query value test of validation entry option

509 Field requires a valid value

[FMP-IF]

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

[end of report]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex IV - page 1

ANNEX IV

LIST OF ACRONYMS

ASFA Aquatic Science and Fisheries AbstractsCD-ROM Compact Disk ndash Read Only MemoryDNA Designated National AgencyGEBCO General Bathymetric Chart of the OceansGE-MIM Group of Experts on Marine Information ManagementGIS Geographic Information SystemGLODIR Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) ProfessionalsGLOSS Global Sea Level Observing SystemGOOS Global Ocean Observing SystemGODAR Global Oceanographic Data Archeology and RescueGTSPP Global Temperature and Salinity Profile ProgrammeIGOSS Integrated Global Ocean Services SystemIOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (of UNESCO)IOCINCWIO IOC Regional Committee for the Co-operative Investigation in the North and Central

Western Indian OceanIOCINDIO IOC Regional Committee for the Central Indian OceanIODE International Oceanographic Data and Information ExchangeMEDI Marine Metadata Management SystemNIO National Institute of Oceanography (India)NODC National Oceanographic Data CentreODINEA Oceanographic Data and Information NetworkODINAFRICA Oceanographic Data and Information Network for AfricaRNODC-MEDI Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centre ndash MEDIWDC-A World Data Centre-AWWW World-Wide Web

  • Contents
Page 6: IOC/IODE/NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and

IOC Training Course Report No 50Page 4

lt There were too many lectures and lecturerslt In some cases it was regretted that the presentations (slides) were of poor quality Presentations

should be of high qualitylt Presentation hand-outs should be distributed prior to the lecture so participants with language

problems can better preparelt Lecturers should use real-world exampleslt The course should include individual or group projectslt More attention should be given on how to establish an NODC or DNA with special emphasis on

minimum requirements and possibilities for institutions with minimal resources

6 CLOSING OF THE SESSION

During his closing speech Mr Peter Pissierssens on behalf of the IOC Executive Secretarythanked Dr E Desa Director of the National Institute of Oceanography Goa for the substantial supportprovided by NIO which enabled IOC to organize this course He also thanked the lecturers and otherresource persons as well as all NIO staff who had been involved in the excellent support for the trainingcourse

He noted that the IOCINDIO region was still a relatively young regional body which hadregrettably not been very active so far However he stressed that personal contacts established duringtraining courses such as this one are instrumental in generating collaboration and exchange and he invitedthe participants to share their experiences with colleagues back home

Dr JS Sarupria announced that NIO will set up a listserv to enable participants to the trainingcourse to continue communicating and to create a platform which can be used for future collaborationassistance and exchange of experience

In their closing comments on the Course the participants were all unanimous in their highappreciation for the course which they considered as a most useful contribution to their professionalactivities Several participants pledged to contact the relevant authorities in their country to promote theestablishment of a National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) or Designated National Agency (DNA)

Dr E Desa Director NIO invited the participants to visit NIO again and welcomed them to spendsome time at NIO

All participants were provided with a certificate of participation

The IOCIODE - NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange wasclosed on Tuesday 27 October 1998 at 11h00

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 1

ANNEX I

AGENDA AND TIMETABLE

SATURDAY - 17 OCTOBER 19980900 - 0915 REGISTRATION 0915 - 1030 Presentation of the participants1030 - 1100 TEA BREAK

SESSION A IOCIODE SYSTEM (TRAINING HALL)1100 - 1115 Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (P Pissierssens) [ paper presented duringITO98]1115 - 1200 IODE s institutional components and international ocean data system (P Geerders)1200 - 1230 IODE data flow monitoring procedures (P Geerders)1230 - 1300 IODE data products and operational projects (P Geerders)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on ROSCOP forms (Geerders)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1615 Establishing an IODE NODC (G Reed)

SUNDAY - 18 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

MONDAY - 19 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION B DATA METADATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT0925 - 1020 New technology for data acquisition remote sensing data buoys etc (P Geerders)1020 - 1045 GODAR project and achievements (P Geerders)1045 - 1115 The continuum data metadata and information (G Reed)1115 1200 Metadata The MEDI pilot project (GReed)

6(6621amp26()257+(5(672)7+($lt$38amp+2$lt

TUESDAY - 20 OCTOBER 19980930 - 1000 Marine Information Management (Pissierssens)1000 - 1100 Marine data management system at RNODC-INDO (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE Metadata Practical exercise (G Reed) 1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK

SESSION C DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS1400 - 1430 Numerical DBMS vs textual DBMS (MP Tapaswi)1430 - 1500 Advances in DBMS distributed database management systems (G Reed)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 DBMS systems - Database directions (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 2

WEDNESDAY - 21 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION D USING RDBMS IN OCEANOGRAPHY0900 - 1000 Data warehousing (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)1000 - 1100 Web databases (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK

1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access Creating database tables Searching thedatabase (J Pattainak JS Sarupria PPissierssens)

1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1430 Demonstration to other global data sets such as GEBCO etc (PD Kunte)1430 - 1500 Introduction to global data sets and demonstration (CD-ROM - WDC-A etc) (GVReddy)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access self training

THURSDAY - 22 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION E DATA PROCESSING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (TRAINING HALL)0900 - 1000 Oceanographic data exchange formats (JS Sarupria)1000 - 1100 Quality control procedures (T Pankajakshan)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1200 Data product development tools (GIS etc) (PD Kunte)1200 - 1300 Visit to IODC (Demonstration use of INGRES DBMS (L Ratnakaran) and ArcView GIS

(J Pattanaik))1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on MS Access amp SQL1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1730 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)

FRIDAY - 23 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION F IODE AND THE WWW0900 - 1000 Data processing tools interpolation interpolation etc (R Mahadevan)1000 - 1045 The Internet - Introduction Evolution and Tools (A Ghosh)1045 - 1115 TEA BREAK1115 - 1145 Serving information to users over the WWW HTML (PPissierssens)1145 - 1200 Serving numerical databases over the WWW (V Chavan)1200 - 1300 Serving textualfactual database over the WWW (MP Tapaswi PPissierssens)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on HTML1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)1630 1700 The IODC NIO CDROM Demo (PD Kunte)

SATURDAY - 24 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAYSUNDAY - 25 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 3

MONDAY - 26 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION G SOFTWARE FOR OCEAN DATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT (IODC)0900 - 1100 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on format conversion (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 1230 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit)(PPissierssens)1230 - 1300 Library visit (Tapaswi)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit) continued1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 The IODE XBT quality control software demo (Pankajakshan)1630 - 1730 Evaluation of the Training course

TUESDAY - 27 OCTOBER 1998

0930 - 1100 Discussions on evaluation and receommendations1100 CLOSING CEREMONY (SEMINAR HALL)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 1

ANNEX II

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND RESOURCE PERSONS

A PARTICIPANTS

Mr Mohamed Said Al MohanadiMarine Science DepartmentUniversity of QatarPO Box 2713 DohaQATARFax (974) 892135Email alshoqeriqueduqa

Mr Thilakasiri MendisOceanography Division of NARAMattakkuliya Colombo 15SRI LANKAFax (94) 1522 932 or (94) 1522 699Email jayasirinaraaclk

Dr Trinh The HieuInstitute of Oceanography01 Canada - NhatrangVIETNAMFax (84 58) 881 152Email haiduongdngvnnvn

Ms Nasreen Islam KhanAssistant ProfessorDept of Geography amp EnvironmentDhaka University - 1000BANGLADESHFax (880 2) 86 55 83Email nasreengegduccagnicom Nasreen_ikhanyahoocom geographydubanglanet

Lt Cdr Zaharuddin MaideenHydrographic DirectorateRoyal Malaysian Navy Ministry of DefenceJalan padang Tembak 50634 Kuala LumpurMALAYSIATel 603-2313700Fax 603 2987972Email zahalintmnetmy

Mr Goonasilan SoopramaniaMauritius Meteorological ServicesVacoasMAURITIUSFax (230) 686 1033Email meteointernetmu

Cdr A BhushanNaval Hydrographic OfficePost Box No 75 107-A Rajpur RoadDEHRADUN - 248 001 INDIAFax 0091 (135) 748373

Shri MM Malleswara RaoNational Institute of OceanographyRegional Centre176 Lawsons Bay ColonyVISAKHAPATNAM - 530 017 INDIAFax 0891-543595Email mmmraokadalinioorg

Lt Cdr IN JobINS HansaGOA - 403 802 INDIAEmail simulatebom2vsnlnetinTel 0834-51 8441

Lt TP MahatoNational Hydrographic SchoolCo Heaquarters Goa Naval AreaVasco-da-GamaGOA - 403 802 INDIAFax 0834 - 513419Tel 0834 - 51395051 Extn 242344347Email nhsgoabom2vsnlnetin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 2

B RESOURCE PERSONS

Mr Vishwas ChavanScientistCentre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyUppal RoadHYDERABAD - 500 007 INDIATel +91-40-7172241Fax +91-40-7171195Email vishwasyahoocom vishccmbarpnicin

Ir Paul GeerdersConsultant amp training on remote sensing amp data management for marine and coastal applicationsKobaltpad 16 3402 JL IJsselsteinTHE NETHERLANDSFax 31 (30) 688 49 42Email pgconswxsnl

Mr Aravind Ghosh KScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email garvindcsniorennicin garvinddaryanioorg

Prof R MahadevanScientific AdvisorNational Institute of Ocean TechnologyIIT Madras CampusMADRAS - 600 036 INDIAEmail devansamratnioternetin

Mr Peter PissierssensProgramme Specialist IODEMIMIntergovernrmental OceanographicCommission of UNESCO1 rue Miollis75732 Paris Cedex 15FRANCEFax 33 145685812Tel 33 145684046Email ppissierssensunescoorg

Mr GV ReddyScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email reddycsniorennicin reddydaryanioorg

Dr Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data CentreMaritime Headquarters Wylde StPotts Point NSW 2011AUSTRALIAFax + 612 9359 3120Email gregaodcgovauTel + 612 9359 3141

Prof P SadanandanAssociate DirectorNational Centre for Software Technology6th Floor Main Tower Visvesvaraya CentreDr BR Ambedkar VeedhiBANGALORE - 560 001 INDIAEmail psncsternetinFax 286 2531

Mr JS SarupriaHead Data amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email sarujsdaryanioorg sarujscsniorennicin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 1

ANNEX III LECTURE NOTES

LIST OF ATTACHED LECTURE NOTES

1 Session A Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (PPissierssens)2 Session A IODE Institutional Components and the International Ocean Data System (P Geerders)3 Session A IODE Data Flow and Monitoring Procedures (P Geerders)4 Session A IODE Operational Projects (P Geerders)5 Session A NODC Tasks amp Responsibilities (G Reed)6 Session B Data Information and Metadata (G Reed)7 Session B A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data (G Reed)8 Session C Numerical Vs Textual Databases (MP Tapaswi)9 Session C Distributed Database Management Systems (G Reed)10 Session E Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data (Pankajakshan Thadathil)11 Session E Geographic Information System (GIS) (PD Kunte)12 Session F Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools (A Ghosh)13 Session F HyperText Markup Language (PPissierssens)14 Session F Numerical Databases Over WWW (V Chavan)15 Session F Serving Textual Factual databases on the web (MP Tapaswi)16 Session F Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro (PPissierssens)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 2

1 INTRODUCTION TO IODE amp IOC REGIONAL POLICY(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

URZLQJWRZDUGVDURZLQJWRZDUGVDQHZHUDQHZHUD

Slide 2

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

2(ltHVWHUGD2(7RGD2(7RPRUURZ

In order to address the question lsquowhat will IODE be tomorrowrsquo we first need to look atIODE yesterday and IODE today

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 3

Slide 3

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ampUHDWLRQ2amp

IODE History

Going back 37 years IODE is one of the oldest IOC programmes established in 1961The IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission) is a part of UNESCO Therelationship with UNESCO is a bit more complicated than that because although IOCis part of UNESCO it has its own governing bodies an assembly and executive councilIOC also has its own Member States which are sometimes different from the UNESCOMember States (eg the United States are a Member State of IOC but not of UNESCO)Currently the IOC has 126 Member States

Slide 4

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC

What is unique about the IOC is that it is the ONLY United Nations body that dealsONLY with the Oceans Many other UN agencies have activities related to the Oceansbut the Oceans are only part of their mandatesometimes peripheral The IOC deals onlywith the Oceans

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 4

Slide 5

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

OREDO3URJUDPPHVplusmn 2FHDQ6FLHQFH

26526152FHDQ0DSSLQJ0DULQH3ROOXWLRQamp=0

plusmn 2(plusmn 7VXQDPLDUQLQJ6VWHPplusmn OREDO2FHDQ2EVHUYDWLRQ226266plusmn 7UDLQLQJ(GXFDWLRQ7(0$

5HJLRQDO3URJUDPPHV

IOC Activities

Slide 6

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC Regional Programmes

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 5

Slide 7

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Milestones1956-59 International Geophysical Year Established WDCs

for Oceanography amp Marine Geology amp Geophysics1960 IOC Establishment

Oct 1961 Establishment of a Working group on Exchangeof Oceanographic Data Call on Member States toestablish national data centres

1965 Publication of the first edition of the IODE Manual

1973 Establishment of the IODE Working Committee withnew Terms of Reference

OctNov 77 Established Joint IOC-WMO IGOSS Committee

1979 Publication of the first issue of the MEDI Catalogue

1970s Operation of the RNODC pilot scheme

1978-90s Development of the GF3 format amp publication ofGF3 Manual (6 volumes) Establishment of theRNODC for GF3 at ICES Headquarters

1981 RNODC scheme becomes operational

1987 IODE becomes the International Oceanographic Data ampInformation Exchange System (acronym has beenretained)

1988 Launching the GTSPP project

1990 Publication of the GTSPP Manual

Nov 90 OceanPC project approved for implementation

1991 Publication of the revised version of the IODE Manualjointly with ICSU Panel on WDCs

1992 Launching GOOS

Feb 92 Ocean Climate Data Workshop

Dec 92 Adoption of the IODE data management policy

1993 GODAR project approved for implementation

1993 Publication of the OceanPC software amp Manual

1993 Publication of the third edition of the MEDI Catalogue

1994 GEBCO CD-ROM

1995 World Ocean Atlas 94 set of CD-ROMs

Mar 95 Think Tank Meeting

1996 Publication of the IGOSS-IODE Data ManagementStrategy in support of GOOS

May 1996 Workshop on Manag of Biological amp ChemicalData

1996 GTSPP amp GLOSS CD-ROMs

1996 IODE Home Page on WWW server

IODE has also been one of the most active programmes of the IOC I am showingyou a list of IODE milestones I will not even try to go through all of these

Slide 8

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Objectives

7KHQWHUQDWLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSKLFDWDDQGQIRUPDWLRQ([FKDQJH2(VVWHPKDVEHHQHVWDEOLVKHGLQWRplusmn HQKDQFHPDULQHUHVHDUFKH[SORUDWLRQDQGGHYHORSPHQWEIDFLOLWDWLQJWKHH[FKDQJHRIRFHDQRJUDSKLFGDWDDQGLQIRUPDWLRQEHWZHHQSDUWLFLSDWLQJ0HPEHU6WDWHV

The IODE has been established with the objective to enhance marine researchexploration and development by facilitating the exchange of oceanographic dataand information between participating Member States

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 6

Slide 9

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE StructurebulllsquoPhysicalrsquo Structure

bullWorld Data Centre OceanographybullNational Oceanographic Data Centre or DesignatedNational Agency (NODC DNA)bullResponsible NODC (RNODC)

bulllsquoOrganizationalrsquo StructurebullIODE CommitteebullIODE OfficersbullIODE Groups of Experts (GE-)

bulllsquoOperationalrsquo Structurebulldata flow

Now let us have a look at the structure of the IODE system We can distinguish threetypes of structure1- the physical structure2- the organizational structure3- the operational structure

1- physical structure here we have to remember that the IODE system wasdeveloped in a time when there was no Internet Physical structures therefore had tobe built in a centralized manner we had world data centres national oceanographicdata centres and responsible NODCs (I am coming back to these individually in amoment)2- organizational structure in order to develop maintain and manage the systemIODE set up an IODE Committee appointed IODE Officers and brought together a number of Groups of Experts3- operational structure defining the data flow

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 7

Slide 10

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 72$lt

56 Data centres in 53 countries

Looking at the physical structure during its 37 years of existence the IODE systemhas been able to set up 56 national data centres (including NODCs and DNAs) in 53countries - Oceanography

There are 56 National Oceanographic Data Centres Designated National Agenciesand World Data Centre (Oceanography) in 53 countries Argentina Australia BrazilBulgaria Canada Chile Peoplersquos Republic of China Colombia Republic of CroatiaEcuador Arab Republic of Egypt Finland France Germany Ghana GreeceGuatemala Guineacutee Iceland India Islamic Republic of Iran Ireland Italy JapanKenya Peoples Democratic Republic of Korea Republic of Korea MalaysiaMexico Morocco Netherlands Nigeria Norway Pakistan Peru PhilippinesPoland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Seychelles South Africa SpainSweden United Republic of Tanzania Trinidad amp Tobago Turkey Ukraine UnitedKingdom United States of America Uruguay Venezuela VietnamNone in Mauritius Qatar Bangladesh

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 8

Slide 11

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Centre Tasks

12amp1$plusmn DFTXLUHSURFHVVTXDOLWFRQWUROLQYHQWRUDUFKLYHDQGGLVVHPLQDWHGDWD

plusmn VHHNDQGDFTXLUHGDWDIURPQDWLRQDOVRXUFHVIRULQWHUQDWLRQDOH[FKDQJH

plusmn VXEPLWGDWDWRampRU512ampplusmn SURYLGHRFHDQGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQLQDXVDEOHIRUPWRDZLGHXVHUFRPPXQLW

plusmn SDUWLFLSDWHLQPHHWLQJVRI2(

Letrsquos look at the Data Centre tasksA National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) willbull acquire process quality control inventory archive and disseminate data in

accordance with national responsibilitiesbull be responsible for conducting international exchangebull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are

exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data andsubmit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography orRNODC

bull provide ocean datainformation in a usable form to a wide user communitybull participate in meetings of IODESome Member States that have not established an NODC have instead identifiedDesignated National Agencies (DNAs)NODC can receive data or inventory information from the WDCs for Oceanographyor RNODCs

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 9

Slide 12

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

WDCs 86$5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ

ampKLQD

5HFHLYHDUFKLYHRFHDQRJUDSKLFGDWDLQYHQWRULHVIURP12ampV512ampVPDULQHVFLHQFHRUJDQL]DWLRQVDQGLQGLYLGXDOVFLHQWLVWV

SURYLGHGDWDLQYHQWRULHVDQGSXEOLFDWLRQVWR12ampV1$VWR512ampVWRLQWHUQDWLRQDOFRRSHUDWLYHSURJUDPPHV

0RQLWRUSHUIRUPDQFH2(VVWHP

bull USA Russian Federation Chinabull Receive amp archive oceanographic data amp inventories from NODCs RNODCs

marine science organizations and individual scientistsbull provide data inventories and publications to NODCs DNAs to RNODCs amp to

international co-operative programmesbull Monitor performance IODE system

Slide 13

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

RNODCs

5HVSRQVLEOH1DWLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSKLFDWDampHQWUHVWDNHUHVSRQVLELOLWIRUplusmnVSHFLILFGDWDWSHV

512ampIRUULIWLQJXRVDWD512ampIRU266$7+ltDQG7(6$amp512amp6IRU0$532021512ampIRUDYHV512ampIRU-$61512amp)RUPDWV512amp$amp3

plusmnVSHFLILFJHRJUDSKLFUHJLRQV 512amp62amp512amp12512ampIRU(673$amp

A special case is the RNODC They are NODCs which have also accepted someadditional responsibilities These can be to deal with specific data types eg driftingbuoys data marine pollution data etcor they can take responsibility for specific geographic regions eg Southern OceansIndian Ocean (such as the IODC) Western Pacific etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 10

Slide 14

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Organization 2(ampRPPLWWHHplusmn +HDGV12ampV2(2IILFHUV

2(2IILFHUVplusmn ampKDLUPDQ9LFHampKDLUPDQampKDLUVURXSVRI([SHUWVLUHFWRUVampV

2(URXSVRI([SHUWVplusmn (00(7$(

2(7DVN7HDPVplusmn 5HP6HQVDWDampHQWUH6HUY0DULRODWD

Letrsquos proceed with the Organizational structureFirst of all we have an IODE Committee This is composed of representatives fromeach data centre and of course also the IODE officersThe IODE officers include a Chairman and Vice-Chairman elected by the Committee(the current Chairman is Ben Searle who is with us this week) Officers also includethe Chairpersons of the Groups of Experts and the Heads of the 3 WDCsWe also have Groups of Experts For specific areas within the mandate of IODE theCommittee has established Groups of Experts As the name implies these Groupsare composed of experts They are people identified by their own country following arequest from the IOC secretariat They then meet at regular periods (every 2-3 years)to discuss specific issues They often prepare action plans and carry outprogrammesOne example is the GE-MIM of which we have a member here ie MrMurari TapaswiFinally we have a few task teams These deal with specific topics and usually have alimited lifespan

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 11

Slide 15

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Ships Moorings Satellites

NationalInstitutions

USERSUSERS

NODCDNA

RNODC

WDC-Oceanogr

USERS

USERS

IODE Data Flow

Just a few words about the operational structure ie the data flow In this verysimplified diagram you can see how data flow through the IODE system

Slide 16

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Policy )XOODQGRSHQVKDULQJ )UHHRUORZFRVWGDWDVHUYLFHV DWDDYDLODEOHZLWKLQHDUDIWHUFROOHFWLRQ

DWDDUFKLYLQJFRPPLWPHQW $SSO6WDQGDUGV

Full and open sharingFree or low-cost data servicesData available within 1 year after collectionData archiving commitmentApply Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 12

Slide 17

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

The Continuum

DWD0HWDGDWDQIRUPDWLRQ KRRHVKDW

Now through the years a giant distinction has been made between datamanagement on one side (numerical data) and information management on theother side (textual information) Rarely would these two meet However in the pastfew years a new creature (or so it seems) has surfaced ie meta data TextualInformation describing Numerical Data and data sets We therefore need to considerthese three as a continuum

Slide 18

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Types

0DULQH+GURORJLFDO 0DULQHHRORJLFDOHRSKVLFDO 0DULQHampKHPLFDO 0DULQH3ROOXWLRQ 5HPRWH6HQVLQJQHZ 0DULQHLRORJLFDOQHZ

Data Management data typesIODE deals with a wide variety of data types

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 13

Slide 19

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Activities

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQWplusmnOREDO76332662$5PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGV4ampFRRUGLQDWLRQZLWKRWKHUDJHQFLHV

plusmn5HJLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSKLFDWDDQGQIRUPDWLRQ1HWZRUNIRU$IULFD21$)5amp$

plusmnampDSDFLWEXLOGLQJ

Are data centres just archives of data No although many started out that waymany data centres now produce data productsGEBCO many other examples around us this week

Slide 20

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

6WDQGDUGVIRU0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

HYHORSPHQWRI001HWZRUNVLQGHYHORSLQJUHJLRQV

OREDOLUHFWRURI0DULQHDQG)UHVKZDWHU3URIHVVLRQDOV

2FHDQ3LORWGDWDEDVH

0DULQH0HWDGDWD0DQDJHPHQW6VWHP0(

0DULQHLEOLRJUDSKLF7RROVampRRSHUDWLRQLQ$6)$

ampRRSHUDWLRQZLWK$06ampDQGLWVUHJLRQDOJURXSV

QIRUPDWLRQ7HFKQRORJNQRZKRZVKDULQJ

IODE Activities

Standards library management systems (eg software) standards for directory typedatabases monitoring of technological advancements for information exchange suchas ILLMIM networks RECOSCIX-WIO -CEA GLODIR OceanPilot MEDI ASFA

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 14

Slide 21

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Capacity Building

$VVLVWDQFHGHYHORSPHQWRI12ampV 7UDLQLQJDQG(GXFDWLRQ microGDWDPDQDJHPHQWIDPLOpara

Assistance the IOC assists member states that wish to set up national datamanagement infrastructure by sending experts (from within the system) to assessthe national situation discuss options and assist with the planningTraining and Education training courses and workshops at national or regional level(next week) Eg these can be organized following the mission I just mentionedNew NODCs are welcomed into the data management family more mature NODCsaccept internships from newly established NODCs for periods of 2-3 months Most ofthe time the NODCs donrsquot charge for this assistance although it must be consideredas on-the-job training IOC provides the air ticket and living expensesNew strategy training and education should be organized within project frameworkabandon one-hit training activities without follow-up (eg ODINAFRICA)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 15

Slide 22

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Sharing

12ampVSURGXFWDQGVHUYLFHGHYHORSPHQW

6KDULQJRIUHVRXUFHV

WE have all witnessed the wide variety of products and services developed in manyof the NODCs present here with us

Slide 23

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 7202552

RZHVHUYHRXUFXVWRPHUVKRDUHRXUFXVWRPHUV

Do we serve our customers First who are our customers

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 16

Slide 24

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE UserCommunities

HIRUHVFLHQWLVWV 1RZDQGWRPRUURZplusmnVFLHQWLVWVplusmnLQGXVWUJRYHUQPHQWplusmnGHFLVLRQSROLFPDNHUV

Yesterday and today mainly scientistsToday and tomorrow

Slide 25

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Datarequirements

2SHUDWLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSK 2(GHODHGPRGHKLJKTXDOLW4amp

5HDOWLPH02paraV266

The new customers will increasingly want lsquooperational oceanographyrsquo dataTraditionally IODE deals with delayed-mode data often cruise based The IODEsystemrsquos major added value is the quality control mechanism set up throughout theIODE systemA programme which is much more aimed at real-time data management is theWMOrsquos Integratedl Global Ocean Services System IGOSSTo get the both of both worlds IODE and IGOSS are therefore growing closer to eachother

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 17

Slide 26

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODE

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQW([FKDQJH0LVVLRQ6WDWHPHQW

0DULQHDWD([FKDQJHDQG0DQDJHPHQW2EMHFWLYH

This has led to the drafting of joint IGOSSIODE Marine Data Management andExchange Statement which says that

Slide 27

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEMission Statement

sup3266DQG2(ZLOOFRQWLQXHHIIRUWVLQJDLQLQJDUHSXWDWLRQIRUH[FHOOHQFHLQWKHPDQDJHPHQWDQGSURFHVVLQJRIPDULQHGDWDDQGLQWKHJHQHUDWLRQDQGGLVWULEXWLRQRIGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQDQGSURGXFWVWKURXJKDZHOOVXSSRUWHGVFLHQFHHQGRUVHGKLJKOIRFXVVHGDQGWHFKQLFDOOFRPSHWHQWGLVWULEXWHGJURXSRIGDWDFHQWUHVDQGUHODWHGDJHQFLHVacute

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 18

Slide 28

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEObjective

sup37RFUHDWHDQLQWHJUDWHGDQGWHFKQRORJLFDOODGYDQFHGGDWDPDQDJHPHQWSURFHVVLQJDQGGLVWULEXWLRQVVWHPLQRUGHUWRPHHWWKHQHHGVRIWKHLQWHUQDWLRQDOPDULQHLQFO226DQGPHWHRURORJLFDOFRPPXQLWLHVFRPSDWLEOHZLWKamp26GDWDPDQDJHPHQWVVWHPDQGLQSDUWLFXODUVXSSRUWLQJWKHGHFLVLRQPDNLQJSURFHVVRIQDWLRQDOJRYHUQPHQWVLQGHWHUPLQLQJHQYLURQPHQWDOOVXVWDLQDEOHGHYHORSPHQWSROLFacute

Slide 29

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEGoals

0DNHFROOHFWHGGDWDDYDLODEOHWRZLGHVWUDQJHRIXVHUV

ampUHDWHGLVWULEXWHGGDWDQHWZRUN 3URYLGHSURGXFWV 3URYLGHTXDOLWFRQWUROPHFKDQLVPV

Add Regional and global marine related programmes are seen as major customersfor both IGOSS and IODE data management and exchange capabilities This is inaddition to the more traditional needs of supporting national interests

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 19

Slide 30

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

Cruise orientation

Platformlsquosystemrsquo approach

There will thus be a major and fundamental change in IODE The main data streamswill result from lsquopermanentrsquo monitoring activities rather than from the traditional lsquoadhocrsquo research cruise Of course the cruise based data streams will still exist and willremain very important

Slide 31

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

IGOSS

IODEGOOS

Data management data distribution and provision of products are key result areasfor GOOS In fact what is GOOSGOOS is conceived as

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 20

Slide 32

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

What is GOOS

DVXVWDLQHGFRRUGLQDWHGLQWHUQDWLRQDOVVWHPIRUJDWKHULQJGDWDDERXWWKHRFHDQVDQGVHDV

DVVWHPIRUSURFHVVLQJVXFKGDWDZLWKRWKHUUHOHYDQWGDWDIURPRWKHUGRPDLQVWRHQDEOHWKHJHQHUDWLRQRIEHQHILFLDODQDOWLFDODQGSURJQRVWLFHQYLURQPHQWDOLQIRUPDWLRQVHUYLFHV

hellip created by the IOC Assembly in 1991

Slide 33

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

GOOS Objectives

6SHFLIGDWDQHHGHGEXVHUVRIRFHDQHQYLURQPHQW

GHYHORSVWUDWHJIRUJDWKHULQJDQGH[FKDQJHRIGDWD

IDFLOLWDWHSURGXFWGHYHORSPHQW IDFLOLWDWHDFFHVVEGHYFRXQWULHV HQVXUH226LQWHJUDWLRQLQJOREDOVWUDWHJLHV

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 21

Slide 34

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

End-to-End DataManagement

3UHSDUHIRU226(7(0FRQFHSWXVHGE7633

The ETEDM implies a known or definable pathway of connections between a basicobservational element and the end use or purpose to which the observation isapplied Typically each type of observation has a range of potential applications andmost applications need more than one observation type So in designing a system toserve a given range of end-uses it is important to know how the observation will beused processed and combined with other observations to deliver and observationalproduct of value to the end userThe ETED concept is already used by GTSPP (global temperature and salinityprofile program) operated jointly by IGOSS and IODE GTSPP uses a continuouslymanaged database to provide for the integration of the real-time (low resolution) datastream with the delayed mode (generally high resolution) data stream

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 22

Slide 35

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

CRUISE

Low-resreal-timeIGOSS

helliphellip

Lab work

IODE system

helliphellipHigh-resdelayed-modeIODE

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

Slide 36

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

real-time helliphellip

Monitoring activity

IODE system

helliphellipQC flags

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

But here the concept of the cruise will be replaced with a specific monitoring activityat the instrument or system level

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 23

Slide 37

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM goals

DWDPDQDJHPHQWVHQVRU 4ampPHWDGDWD LQWHJUDWLRQUHDOWLPHGHODHGPRGH LQFUHDVHFRRUGLQDWLRQGDWDFHQWUHV VLPSOLIPHUJLQJORFDOGDWDVHWV GHYHORSFRQWLQXRXVOXSGDWHGGE VXSSRUWPHUJHRFHDQLFDWPRVSKHULFWHUUHVWULDOGDWD226amp26726

hellipmove the data management closer to the sensorsupport quality control of ocean data and retain all available metadataintegrate real-time and delayed mode data and information processingincrease coordination between data centres and promote the sharing of datasoftware and responsibilities between centressimplify merging local data sets to form global data sets anddevelop a continuously updated databasesupport merge oceanic with atmospheric amp terrestrial data to link GOOS with WWWGCOS GTOS and Distributed Data Base

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 24

Slide 38

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Where are wetoday

2662(amp65PHWDGDWD0(7633FRQWLQXRXVOPDQDJHGGE

ampKDOOHQJHEXLOGRQWKLVPRGHO

What has been done today

IGOSSIODE use cruise summary reportsWe have the Marine Environmental Data Inventory (MEDI) which has been given anew lease of life through efforts by the AODC and BODCAnd we have the continuously managed database of GTSPP monitoring the captureof real-time and their transmission around the worldThe challenge for the IGOSSIODE tandem is therefore to build on this modelimproving the linkages removing bottlenecks caused by duplication or data formatincompatibility problems and develop capabilities (eg establishing new data centres)through capacity building

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 25

Slide 39

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

) H[WHQVLYHQHWZRUNRIGDWDFHQWUHV

IUHHIORZRIGDWD JOREDOQHWZRUNRIH[SHUWLVH

PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGVSURGXFWV

87 QRVWDQGDUGWUDLQLQJWRRONLW

QRJOREDOVWDQGDUGIRUPDWIRUGDWDH[FKDQJH

YROXQWHHUZRUNRQO

Successes andShortcomings

Readadd volunteer work The fact that we deal with volunteer work has the advantagethat we can access a tremendous amount of know how For example whenever wehold group of experts meetings or we organize the IODE Officers or IODECommittee meeting extremely fascinating issues are discussed often it the reallytechnical level However although we then draft really interesting workplans theday-to-day duties of the experts make that progress is very slow We do really needan implementation mechanism such as the one proposed by Ben SearleThe fact that we donrsquot have a standard training toolkit is really an impediment to thedevelopment of new data centres

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 26

2 IODE INSTITUTIONAL COMPONENTS AND THEINTERNATIONAL OCEAN DATA SYSTEM(P Geerders)

Slide 1

1P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Institutional Components and theInternational Ocean Data System

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

2P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE ObjectivesThe International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) system has been

established in 1961 to

enhance marine research exploration and development by facilitating the exchange ofoceanographic data and information between participating Member States

Rationale

ocean basin and global processes

availability of an international exchange system to provide data and information from allavailable sources

local processes

access to data collected by other Member States in their area of interest

The economic benefit of obtaining data by exchange as opposed to collecting it oneself ishuge

Critical succes factors

support of participating Member States

involvement of many individual institutions and marine scientists

contribution of data and the necessary expertise to maintain and further develop the IODEsystem

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 27

Slide 3

3P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE provides

bull an infrastructure a network not only ofpeople but also physcial eg through theInternet (E-mail Web Sites FTP)

bull tools such as procedures and guidelines forinformation and data handling (submissionof planned research completed researchavailable datasets publications formats forexchange and archival)

bull services such as information datareferral advice and assistance

potential commercial value of information and data needs to be kept in mind

Slide 4

4P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network

bull managed and guided by committee underIOC of UNESCO

bull maintains close links with otherintergovernmental and international bodies(UN WMO UNEP EC IAEA IMOFAO )

bull focuses on scientific aspects butincreasingly also supports management ofthe marine and coastal environment and itsresources

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 28

Slide 5

5P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network consists of

bull WDCrsquos World Data Centres (SilverSpring-USA Moscow-Russia Tianjin-China)

bull NODCrsquos National Oceanographic DataCentres (56 around the world)

bull RNODCrsquos Responsible NODCrsquos (10)

Slide 6

6P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of WDC

bull receive oceanographic data and inventories from NODCs RNODCs marine science organizations and individual scientists These data are collected and submitted voluntarily from national programmes or arise from international co-operative ventures

bull provide copies of data inventories and publications to NODCsDNAs to RNODCs and to international co-operative programmes as appropriate in exchange or with a charge not to exceed the cost of providing the service

bull monitor the performance of the international data exchange system and report their findings to the IOC Secretariat and the C-IODE The Committee can use this information to take appropriate action to correct deficiencies in the international exchange system

NOTE In general the exchange of internationally significant data holdings and data inventory information between WDCs for Oceanography and their counterparts is expected to take place on a regular basis without charge in order to keep the data holdings of the Centres identical

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 29

Slide 7

7P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of NODC

bull centralized facility bull providing ocean datainformation bull on a continuing basis bull in a usable form bull to a wide user community bull acquires processes quality controls inventories archives and disseminates data in accordance with national responsibilities bull normally charged with the responsibility for conducting international exchange bull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data and submit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography or RNODC bull can request and receive from the WDCs for Oceanography or RNODCs similar data or inventory information which they need for their own (national) requirements

Some Member States that have not established an NODC have instead officially assigned the responsibility of international exchange of oceanographic data and information to a Designated National Agency (DNA)

Slide 8

8P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of RNODC

Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centres are National Oceanographic Data Centres who have accepted additional special responsibilities These can include specific data types (eg Drifting Buoys data) or specific regions (eg Southern Oceans)

RNODC-SOC (Southern Oceans)

RNODC for Drifting Buoys Data

RNODC for IGOSS (BATHY and TESAC)

RNODCS for MARPOLMON

RNODC for WESTPAC (Western Pacific)

RNODC for Waves

RNODC for JASIN

RNODC - Formats

RNODC - ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 30

Slide 9

9P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE committee work done by

bull Groups of Experts

[meet periodically continuous activity]

bull Task Teams

[work only by correspondence worklimited in time]

bull Plenary Session (about every 2-3 years)

[representatives of WDCrsquos NODCrsquos andRNODCrsquos with observers of relatedorganisations]

SEE IODE HANDBOOK

Slide 10

10P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Activities

Marine Data Management

Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue Project (GODAR)

Oceanographic Data and Information Network for Africa (ODINAFRICA)

Marine Information Management

Development of Standards for Marine Information Management

Development of Marine Information Management Networks in developingregions

Development of Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) Scientists

Development of Ocean Pilot database

Development of Marine Metadata Management System

Development of Marine Bibliographic Tools Cooperation in ASFA

Cooperation with IAMSLIC and its regional groups

Information Technology know-how sharing

Development Electronic Information Services

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 31

Slide 11

11P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Tools for

METADATA MANAGEMENT

Blue Pages

Irish EDMED

DATA MANAGEMENT

ArcExplorer

ATLAST

OceanPC

ROSWin

SURFER

Slide 12

12P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODErsquos Data and Information Sources

IODE helps you to find

bull marine scientists and institutions (GLODIR)

bull marine science related web sites (OceanPilot)

bull marine science related Internet discussion lists (ListServs)

bull information on marine science related conferences and meetings

bull what does an abbreviation (acronym) stand for (OceanAcronyms)

bull a scientific publication (bibliography)

bull marine science libraries (IDALIC)

bull useful websites (Training amp Tools KnowHow-KnowNow)

bull ocean data (Datasets)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 32

Slide 13

13P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Training Tools

IODE Resource Kit

middot specific methods tools and systems (principally concerned with databases and software) that can be applied to all types of coastal programs middot a broad suite of training and orientation services middot the web version is a demonstration model of the full version which is being made available on CD-ROM

KnowHow-KnowNow

In this quick referral section you will find places to go when you need know-how to carry out marine information or marine data related tasks

Data amp Information Management Tools

middot specific marine data or marine information management methodology and technology middot information on a wide variety of software tools where to get information how much they cost middot in some cases the software tools are available from our server In other cases we provide links to the author or company that distributessells the product

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 33

3 IODE DATA FLOW AND MONITORING PROCEDURES(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Data Flow and MonitoringProcedures

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

Phases of a data acquisition activity

bull planning =gt DNPNOP

bull completion =gt ROSCOP

bull pre-processing =gt QAQC

bull processing =gt MEDIBlue Pages

bull interpretation

bull publication =gt ASFAASFIS

bull archival

bull exchange =gt IODE network

data access conditionsbull free and open sharingbull at no or low costbull available lt 1 year after collectionbull commitment for permanent archivalbull application of standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 34

4 IODE OPERATIONAL PROJECTS(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Operational Projects

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

IODE Projects

bull GTSPP Global Temperature and SalinityProject

bull IGOSS Integrated Global Ocean ServicesSystem (with WMO)

bull GOOS Global Ocean Observing System

bull GODAR Global Ocean Data Archeologyand Rescue Project

bull QC Quality Control Manual

bull periodic training opportunities ininformation and data management

bull advice on and assistance with informationand data management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 35

Slide 3

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 3

GODAR Project and Achievements

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 4

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 4

IODE GODAR project

GODAR - WHAT IS GODAR

IOCrsquos GLOBAL OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA ARCHAEOLOGY AND RESCUE PROJECT

GODAR - WHY

bull fundamental importance and value of the databull risk of being lost to future usebull for compilation of global oceanographic databases

GODAR - AIMS

bull digitisation of data which is still in manuscript formbull archival of the data at two or more international data centres in digital formbull compilation of catalogues (inventories) of

- data now available only in manuscript form - data now available only in analogue form - digital data not presently available

bull making all data accessible on various media including CD-ROMs

GODAR - WHICH DATA HAS PRIORITY

bull hydrographic casts including all chemical and biological observations bull salinity-conductivity temperature-depth casts bull expendable bathythermograph casts bull mechanical bathythermograph casts

GODAR - RESULTS AT PRESENT

bull atlasesbull technical reports bull workshop reports (5)bull CD-ROMrsquos

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 36

Slide 5

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 5

New technology for data acquisitionRemote Sensing

Data Buoys

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 6

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 6

New technologies

some examples

bull Remote Sensing from aircraft and fromspace

bull Automated Systems on data buoys andremote fixed platforms

bull ADCP

bull towed ondulating systems

common aspects

bull high spatial coverage andor

bull high temporal coverage but mostly

bull non-standard output products

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 37

Slide 7

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 7

Common system elements

bull transducer (from geophysical variable to electronic variablecurrent voltage frequency)

bull digitising (from analogue to digital form)

bull multiplexing (combine several datastreams into one)

bull recording (record data on board for later transmission orretrieval)

bull transmission (transmission of full datastream to receivingcentre)

bull reception (reception of transmitted datastream)

bull de-multiplexing (separation of data from differentsensorstransducers)

bull pre-processing (translation of data into geophysical units andquality control)

bull processing (conversion into required format includingcomputation of averages etc)

bull presentation (display of the data in various forms and formatsfor specific applications)

bull archival (permanent or semi-permanent archival of the data)

bull distribution (to users and applications)

Slide 8

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 8

Some aspects of Remote Sensing

bull 3 windowsvisible 400-800 nm =gt colour

infrared 1-100 micron =gt temperature

microwaves 1-100 cm =gt ldquowaterstructurerdquo

bull passive versus active techniques

bull platformssatellite (geostationary or polar orbit)

aircraft

high towers or locations

bull sensors and their data structure

radiometers =gt point data

scanners =gt line data

CCD matrix =gt image

Synthetic aperture =gt image

bull product generation requires

field data for calibration and validation

atmospheric correction (espvisible and infrared)

algorithm to translate RS data into relevant geophysical parameter

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 38

6 Data Information and Metadata(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Data Information and MetadataData Information and Data Information and MetadataMetadata

Slide 2

2

Data and InformationData and InformationData and Information

bull Data is the raw material

bull The raw material is processed

bull The result is information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 39

Slide 3

3

An Information SystemAn Information SystemAn Information System

bull An information system is defined as a set of rules usedto process data and convert it into information

bull The information system processes the raw data isuseful people

bull The relationship between data and information is oftensummarised in the Input-Process-Output Model

Input Process Output

Slide 4

4

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

ldquo Data ManagementData Management is the process of planning

coordinating and controlling an organisations

datardquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 40

Slide 5

5

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

bull Data management is a philosophy ofndash managing data as an organisational resource

ndash treating data as an important sharable resource

bull Data management is the mechanism for deliveringinformation to decision makers

Slide 6

6

Data ManagementData ManagementData Management

bull The scope of data management ranges from dataacquisition to the production of some kind of output

bull Data management covers the storage transporttransformation combination aggregation of data andmaking it available to those who need it and have theright to access it

bull Data management ends when data becomesinformation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 41

Slide 7

7

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

bull ldquoInformation about datardquo

bull Metadata describes the content quality condition andother characteristics of data

bull Not the actual dataset itself

Slide 8

8

Example of MetadataExample ofExample of Metadata Metadata

bull A library cataloguendash Title of book

ndash Author

ndash Publication date

ndash Unique reference number

ndash Where to find it

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 42

Slide 9

9

Importance of MetadataImportance ofImportance of Metadata Metadata

bull Provides a means to discover that a dataset exists andhow it can be accessed

bull Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

bull Makes data more accessible

bull Reduces duplication of data collection

Slide 10

10

Metadata for Marine DataMetadataMetadata for Marine Data for Marine Data

Metadata elements include

bull Identificationndash name of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

bull Data qualityndash positional and attribute accuracy completeness

bull Distributionndash who holds the data formats and media

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 43

Slide 11

11

Two different approaches

bull Comprehensive definition of data elements to definemetadata including data transfer

bull Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

Metadata StandardsMetadataMetadata Standards Standards

Slide 12

12

bull Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)ndash standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

ndash lengthy

ndash compliance is difficult to achieve

ndash terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 44

Slide 13

13

bull International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)ndash draft international standard for metadata

ndash defines 2 levels of compliance

Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required touniquely identify a dataset

ndash title responsible party date language abstract purposeprogress extent keywords use constraints spatial referencesystem distribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe adataset

ndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citationinformation

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

Slide 14

14

bull Australia New Zealand Land Information Council(ANZLIC)ndash uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

ndash Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

ndash Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

ndash Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 45

Slide 15

15

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Slide 16

16

IODE and MetadataIODE and IODE and MetadataMetadata

bullbull MEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationMEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationReferral SystemReferral System

bull MEDI Objectives ldquoMEDI will provide the marine community with referrals

concerning the availability location andcharacteristics of marine environmental data to meettheir specific needsrdquo (1979)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 46

Slide 17

17

MEDI CatalogueMEDI CatalogueMEDI Catalogue

bull First published in 1979 - contained 86 datasetdescriptions from 40 institutions in 20 countries

bull Second edition published in 1985 - contained 219datasets from 64 institutions in 32 countries

bull Third edition published in 1993 - contained 247datasets from 40 institutions in 27 countries

bull All three editions were made available in printedformat only (as IOC Manual and Guides)

Slide 18

18

MEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot Project

bull 15th Session of IODE (1996) recommended thesetting up of a pilot project to ldquoTest ways and means of applying modern technology to

the further development of the MEDI system and on thebasis of these investigations to draft a specification fora revised MEDIrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 47

Slide 19

19

Existing Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata Systems

bull Review of three marine metadata directory systemshas been undertakenndash European Directory of Marine Environmental Data

(EDMED)

ndash Marine amp Coastal Data Directory of Australia (BluePages)

ndash Extended EDMED for Ireland

bull Similar structure for all these directories - only minorvariations

Slide 20

20

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryTheThe Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory

bull Main function is management of marine metadata

bull Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

bull Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadata guidelines

bull Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 48

Slide 21

21

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 22

22

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 49

Slide 23

23

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software

bull Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

bull Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

bull Two versions of the softwarendash compiled version requires MS Access 7 licence7

ndash run-time version does not require MS Access

bull Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 50

7 A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

1International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

A Metadata Directory System forMarine Data

A Metadata Directory System forA Metadata Directory System forMarine DataMarine Data

Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data Centre

Slide 2

2International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

Data about data

Metadata describes the content quality conditionand other characteristics of data

Not the actual dataset itself

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 51

Slide 3

3International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Example of MetadataExample of MetadataExample of Metadata

A library catalogue Title of book

Author

Publication date

Unique reference number

Where to find it

Slide 4

4International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Importance of MetadataImportance of MetadataImportance of Metadata

Provides a means to discover that a dataset existsand how it can be accessed

Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

Makes data more accessible

Reduces duplication of data collection

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 52

Slide 5

5International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata elements include

Identificationname of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

Data qualitypositional and attribute accuracy completeness

Distributionwho holds the data formats and media

Slide 6

6International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata StandardsMetadata StandardsMetadata Standards

Two different approaches

Comprehensive definition of data elements todefine metadata including data transfer

Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 53

Slide 7

7International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

lengthy

compliance is difficult to achieve

terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Slide 8

8International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)draft international standard for metadata (Geographic

Information - 15046 Part 15 Metadata)

defines 2 levels of compliance Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required to uniquely

identify a datasetndash title responsible party date language abstract purpose progress

extent keywords use constraints spatial reference systemdistribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe a datasetndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citation

information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 54

Slide 9

9International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards Australia New Zealand Land Information Council

(ANZLIC)uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Slide 10

10International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 55

Slide 11

11International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Directories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine Data

A successful Marine Data Directory must becomplete

easy to use

reliable

Should contain enough information for a user todetermine the suitability of a dataset

Slide 12

12International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory Main function is management of marine metadata

Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadataguidelines

Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 56

Slide 13

13International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 14

14International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 57

Slide 15

15International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

Two versions of the softwarecompiled version requires MS Access 7 licence

run-time version does not require MS Access

Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

Slide 16

16International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

ConclusionConclusionConclusion

Metadata is fundamental - not incidental

Metadata directories should contain sufficient detailfor users to identify suitable datasets

Metadata directories containing only core metadataelements are easier to populate and maintain

Ease of use and flexible search tools are essential toencourage use of metadata directories

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 58

8 Numerical Vs Textual Databases(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Numerical Vs TextualDatabases

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

DBMS

bull Structured information storage amp retrievalsoftware

bull Initially came into being for handling ofnumerical data like

rArr Stores inventory controlrArr Salary management

rArr Accountancy etc

bull Notable examples of well known softwares Dbase FoxPro Access

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 59

Slide 3

TEXTUAL DBMS

bull Deal with data whose major constituent istext

bull Offer many features normally found inword processing softwares

rArr Cut - PasterArr Insert - Replace moderArr Cursor movement

bull by arrow keysbull word by wordbull to beginning amp end of the field

rArr Delete field contents from cursor positiononwards or whole field

Slide 4

bull Handle fields of varying length

rArr Optimal utilization of HD space

rArr Freedom for defining maximum length of afield

rArr Freedom of defining databases for complexstructure

rArr Linking two records from same database

rArr Storage of data in ISO - 2709 format

textual DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 60

Slide 5

rArr Conglomerate date elements of singleconcept under one roof (field) keepingtheir identity

rArr Generate indexes on the desiredsubfields only

bull Offer repeatable field facility

rArrTo accommodate data elements of thesame field occurring more than once

bull Offer sub-field facility

textual DBMS

Slide 6

DATA ENTRY

bull Support multiple data entry worksheets

bull Automatically recall of last modifiedrecord or search result(s) for editing

bull Control characters for filing informationand search term delimiters

rArr using lt gt within the data fields

bull Scrolling fields for data entry of longerelements

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 61

Slide 7

bull Pick-list assistance for data withstandard structure

bull Help messages to assist data entry

data entry

Slide 8

DISPLAY FORMATS

bull Multiple display formats

bull Line break at word level

bull Data display formats to includecommands which produce

rArr Data (contents of given field)

rArr Actions (skipping to new line leavingblank lines amp columns lower - uppercase etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 62

Slide 9

rArr Numerical

rArr String

rArr Boolean

rArr String function help to link two records todisplay data as if it is from single record

bull Support different type of expressionsamp functions

display formats

Slide 10

bull Allow escape sequences to printdata in bold italics etc

bull Sorted output

display formats

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 63

Slide 11

DATA INVERSION INDEXING

bull Use of single index to allow search fora given term in any field

bull Index on

rArr Whole field

rArr Specific subfield(s) of a field

rArr Words in a field

rArr Phrases

Slide 12

bull Index terms for efficient retrievalbacked up by efficient index notingrArr Record number

rArr Field of occurrence

rArr Occurrence number

rArr Sequence number

bull lsquoStopwordrsquo file to prevent indexing ofwords not likely to be searched (like aan the or not and their these etc)

data inversion

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 64

Slide 13

SEARCH

bull Search expressions based onBoolean algebra consisting of searchoperators OR AND NOT

bull Search expressions built onrArr Precise terms (words phrases numbers

etc)

rArr Right truncated terms

rArr lsquoAnyrsquo terms (a collective term standing forset of predefined search terms)

Slide 14

bull Field level and proximity searchoperatorsrArr Same field

rArr All repeatable fields as single field (G)

rArr Within a single repeatable field (F)

rArr Terms within the field not longer than lsquonrsquowords apart (eg AhellipB (maximum twowords between A amp B)

rArr Terms within the field exact lsquonrsquo wordsapart (eg A$$B (exactly one word apart)

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 65

Slide 15

bull Parenthesis for expressive syntax

bull Specified field or group of fields inwhich the term to appear (egA(350 351)

bull Free text search for fields notindexed beyond Boolean logic

bull Display of searched results indesired format

search

Slide 16

bull Search byrArr Typing search expression

rArr Picking up terms from the dictionary(indexed list of terms)

rArr Recalling previous search expression (andediting if required)

rArr Recalling previous search set

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 66

Slide 17

bull Sort and print retrieved records indesired format

bull The desired format can be predefinedor to be defined for case specific

RETRIEVAL

Slide 18

bull Printing to support page layoutparameters required for a particularprint runrArr Headings sub-headings

rArr Page numbers or no page number

rArr Number of columns

rArr Line width column width

rArr Lines page

rArr End of column tolerance

rArr Data indention

retrieval

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 67

Slide 19

DATA TRANSFER ANDPROGRAMMING

bull Import amp export records from toother databases

bull Take backup

bull Programming with high levellanguages with additional library ofcertain functions and procedures

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 68

9 Distributed Database Management Systems(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Distributed Database ManagementSystems

Distributed Database ManagementDistributed Database ManagementSystemsSystems

Slide 2

2

BackgroundBackgroundBackground

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 69

Slide 3

3

What is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database System

bull A distributed database (DDB) is a collection ofmultiple logically interrelated databases distributedover a computer network

bull A distributed database management system (D-DBMS)is the software that manages the DDB and provides anaccess mechanism that makes the distributiontransparent to the users

bull Distributed database system (DDBS)=DDB+D-DBMS

Slide 4

4

Centralised DBMS on a NetworkCentralised Centralised DBMS on a NetworkDBMS on a Network

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 70

Slide 5

5

Distributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS Environment

Slide 6

6

Distributed DBMSDistributed DBMSDistributed DBMS

bull A DBMS manages data stored on several computers(usually geographically distributed) through variouscommunication media (usually networks)

bull Types of transactionsndash Local Transaction accesses data only at one site which

it was submitted

ndash Global Transaction Accesses data either at differentsite than the submission site or accesses data at severalsites

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 71

Slide 7

7

Applications of DDBSApplications of DDBSApplications of DDBS

bull Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)

bull Airlines

bull Hotel chains

bull Corporate MIS

bull Military command and control

bull Any organisation which has a decentralisedorganisation structure

Slide 8

8

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Data sharingndash users at one site can easily access data at other sites

bull Greater availabilityndash failure at one site does not mean that the whole

database is unavailable

bull Autonomy of operation and control of local datandash reduces problems of data management and data access

to local component of DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 72

Slide 9

9

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Ease of reconfiguration and extensionndash new databases and processors can be added to the

network without changing existing systems

bull Lower costsndash smaller computers can be used at each site

Slide 10

10

Disadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBS

bull Complexityndash network architecture

bull Costndash additional hardware required communication costs

bull Distribution of controlndash no one persondepartment in control

bull Lack of experiencendash need specialised skills to implement and run

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 73

Slide 11

11

Network ArchitectureNetwork ArchitectureNetwork Architecture

bull Specifies how sites in the system are connected toeach otherndash fully connected

ndash tree

ndash star

ndash ring

ndash partially connected

bull Network typesndash LAN - local area network

ndash WAN - wide area network

Slide 12

12

Distributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS Architecture

bull autonomy - the degree to which the DBMSs ateach site have control over their operation

bull distribution - the degree towhich the database isdistributed

bull heterogeneity - the degreeto which the DBMSs ateach site are different

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 74

Slide 13

13

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replicationndash stores a relation at two or more sites

bull Advantagesndash availability

bull Disadvantagesndash increased overhead on update

Slide 14

14

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull horizontal

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 75

Slide 15

15

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull vertical

Slide 16

16

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replication and fragmentation

bull combination of the two

bull fragments can be replicated

bull replicates can be fragmented

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 76

Slide 17

17

Network TransparencyNetwork TransparencyNetwork Transparency

Transparency

bull the degree to which users can remain unaware of thedetails of the design of the distributed system

Goal

bull to maximise transparency so that users view thedistributed database as a single database

Slide 18

18

Distributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query Processing

The distributed database should look like a singledatabase to users (transparency)

bull a query may require data from several sites

bull factors to considerndash cost of data transmission

ndash reliability of data communications

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 77

10 Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data(Pankajakshan Thadathil Goa India)

Slide 1

Quality and Quality Control ofOceanographic Data

Pankajakshan ThadathilRNODC-INDO

National Institute ofOceanography

Dona Paula Goa

Slide 2

ldquo Oceanographic data is like an infant Unless care is taken it issusceptible to injuries ( errors) However unlike infants data is

immortal Once it is collected it remains as a source ofinformation for everrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 78

Slide 3

Data Collection preparation

Instruments CalibrationReagents Preparation etc H - Factor

Different Stages Sources of Errors Human ( H) Non -H facor

Data Collection Instrument Mulfunctions N-H Factor

Data RecordingDegitisation of Analougeto digital parallelax errorerror in analysis etc

H and N-H

Data TransferFrom hard copy to computerfrom remote sensors to receiving stationrsquos computer

H and N-H

Slide 4

Errors in general can be classified as

Random Errorand

Systematic Error

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 79

Slide 5

General Quality Checks Involved in Oceanographic Data

Inventory Level Checks

Position Datetime Vessel Speed Duplicateand Sounding

Data Level Checks

Visual Inspection Range Check Climatology CheckInversion Check Neighbourhood Check Spikes Stability Check Depth Reversal Duplicate etc

Slide 6

Typical Random and Systemtic Error

bull Random error = (St Dev Sq rt of No Obs )

bull Systematic Error = Bias

26 27 28 29 30 31 32Bucket SST ( C )

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

CTD

- S

ST

( C

)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 80

Slide 7

Vertical Profile

Vertical Section

Horizontal Distribution

Data - Level Check

Visual Inspection

Surface Transient

Spikes Fall Rate

Temperature Inversion

Neighbourhood

Climatology Nub

Wire StretchWire Break

Assignment ofQuality Code

IODC XBT

Data Base

XBT Data

Inventory-level Check

Position

Duplicates

Date-Time

Vessel Speed

Station Sounding

Quality Control Module

Visualisation

An Interactive System for XBT QualityControl and Visualisation

Slide 8

IGOOS Quality Codes

0 No Quality Control ( QC) has been performed on this element1 QC has been performed Element appears to be correct2 QC has been performed Element appears to be inconsistent with other elements3 QC has been performed Element appears to be doubtful4 QC has been performed Element appears to be erroneous5 The value has been changed as a result of QC6 7 and 8 Reserved9 The value of the element is missing

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 81

11 Geographic Information System (GIS)(PD Kunte NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Data Product Development Tools

Pravin D Kunte

e-mail kuntecsniorennicinData amp Information Div

National Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa - 403 004

Geographic Information System (GIS)

Slide 2

Geographic Information System

is a suit of hardware amp software which has capability to handle bothspatial and Non-spatial data concurrently

Four Major components are

bull Database Module bull Analysis Modulebull Presentation Modulebull Capture Module

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 82

Slide 3

G I S Data types and Modules

Geographic data

Physical DimensionGeographic locationAny Qualifying data

ATTRIBUTE DATA -- Qualifies Spatial dataSPATIAL DATA -- Physical Dimension amp Location

Geometric Entities Point line Polygon

Representation of Data VECTOR Vs RASTER

Slide 4

DATA CAPTURE

bullKey board entrybullManual digitizationbullAutomated input

bullImporting ImagesbullImporting DatabullVoice Input

Steps in Data Inputting

1 a) Digitizing Operation b) Auto Scanning (Point or stream mode)2 Import data from other sources 1 Projection 2) Scale3 Raster amp Vector

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 83

Slide 5

G I S DATABASE DESIGN

ATTRIBUTE DATABASE CREATION

Conceptual DesignbullApplication RequirementsbullEnd-utilization GoalsbullTarget Users

Logical DesignbullDatabase specificationbullDatabase ElementsbullDatabase StructurebullDatabase updation procedure

Physical Design Hardware Software requirements

G I S Package Dependent -----

||

Slide 6

SPATIAL DATABASE CREATION

bullDefine reference point and extent for study sitebullCreate Map in Polyconic UnitbullDigitize Theme from Thematic databullEdit and Topology BuildingbullCheck for ErrorsbullCreate separate Themes hellip Theme1 Theme2 etcbullAssociate other Attributes if anyhellipbullTheme ready for Analysis

Define Relation between Spatial and Non-Spatial data

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 84

Slide 7

SPATIAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES

Overlay Operations in Raster amp Vector based System

1 Feature Combination ---- Union amp Intersect

2 Feature Extraction --- Erase --- Clip ampSplit

3 Feature Combination amp Extraction 1 Update 2 Indentity3 Proximity Aggregation4 Spatial Aggregation5 Generalization

Slide 8

MODELING IN G I S

Modeling is a process of doing a systematic and logicalenquiry of the data for establishing the relationshipsbetween the variables

1 Methodological Models How a desired function could be workedout wing different operations in a sequen-tial or in a logically related manner

2 Mathematical Model1 Binary models using nominal variables2 Weighting models at an ordinal level3 Quantitative models using intervals amp ratio

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 85

Slide 9

QUERIES IN G I S

All Kinds of S Q L Queries at following three levels

1 Point mode2 line mode3 Polygon mode

Three levels of Queries

1 Logical 2 Spatio-logical 3 Model base

Slide 10

3 D IN G I S

Digital Surface Modeling (DSM) encompasses task like Understanding of Surface Characteristics

bullD S M GenerationbullD S M analysis for derivativesbullD S M Application

The Derivatives Obtained arebull3D visualization of SurfacebullPlanner derivatives like slops aspects ranges etcbullSpot heights amp surface distances

Applicationbull3D display of bottom topographybullCut amp Fill estimationsbullComparisons of different terrain

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 86

Slide 11

NET WORKING IN G I S

Network is a set of connected lines which are conduitsfor resources movement and are connected to each other at nodes

Elements are

1 Lines 2 Resistance 3 Resource demand 4 Turns5 Stops 6 Facility - Point 7 Blocks

Applications of Networking

1 Path determination 2 Resource allocation3 Distribution analysis 4 Utility locating

Slide 12

G I S can be used in numerous wayshellip

-- for processing amp integrating spatial data-- archiving amp managing data-- for displaying amp generating thematic maps-- for building scenarios-- for predicting impacts-- to simulate amp animate operations amp processes

and also to develop models to represent REALlife situation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 87

Slide 13

G I S in Oceanography

Oceanography being a multidisciplinary study ofdynamic media within which various processes takeplace and interact over a wide range of space and timehas tremendous potential

State-of-the-art

ASFA indicates only 55 studies in Oceanography as comparedto over 2000 land-based application

Out of 55 studies --- 1 63 (35) studies pertain to coast2 16 ( 9) Near shore region3 9 (5) Open Ocean

Slide 14

G I S in Oceanography

Hurdles

1 GIS are designed and built for land application

2 Limited availability of good quality data of temporal nature and uniform density coverage

3 Diversified parameters lat-long time season depth

4 Relatively less physical objects few topo features

5 Media is highly volatile dynamic complex 4 dimensional

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 88

Slide 15

Thanks

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 89

12 Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools(A Ghosh NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

QWHUQHW(YROXWLRQ6SUHDGQWHUQHW(YROXWLRQ6SUHDG3URVSHFWVDQG7RROV3URVSHFWVDQG7RROV

Aravind GhoshAravind Ghosh K KNational Institute of OceanographyNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa 403 004 IndiaDona Paula Goa 403 004 Indiae-mail e-mail garvindgarvindcsniocsniorenrennicnicinin

URL httpURL httpwwwwwwnionioorgorg

Slide 2

KDWLVQWHUQHWKDWLVQWHUQHW

Collection of thousands of computerCollection of thousands of computernetworksnetworks

More than 100 million users More than 100 million users

Growth rate 10 per monthGrowth rate 10 per month

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 90

Slide 3

7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW

Medium for effective communicationMedium for effective communication

Research Support with informationResearch Support with informationretrieval mechanismretrieval mechanism

Cost and Feature flexibilityCost and Feature flexibility

Local as well as International EntityLocal as well as International Entity

Heterogeneous infrastructure andHeterogeneous infrastructure andappearance and usageappearance and usage

Not owned by any oneNot owned by any one

Slide 4

QWHUQHW2ULJLQQWHUQHW2ULJLQ

2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started

2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites started2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites startedoperatingoperating

1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP

1983 - ARPANET and MILNET1983 - ARPANET and MILNET

July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15MbpsMbps

1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agencies1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agenciesto strengthen NSFNETto strengthen NSFNET

April 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPSApril 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 91

Slide 5

QWHUQHW)URQWHDGHUVQWHUQHW)URQWHDGHUV

The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society

Commercial Internet ExchangeCommercial Internet Exchange

FARNETFARNET

Slide 6

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Internet WormInternet Worm

Slovenia IndependenceSlovenia Independence

Russian CoupRussian Coup

Internet amp PersonalityInternet amp Personality

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 92

Slide 7

QWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROVQWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROV

E-mailE-mail

Telnet - Remote LoginTelnet - Remote Login

FTP - File Transfer ProtocolFTP - File Transfer Protocol

ARCHIEARCHIE

GOPHER and VeronicaGOPHER and Veronica

USENET and Discussion ListsUSENET and Discussion Lists

Wide Area Information ServersWide Area Information Servers

Internet Relay ChatInternet Relay Chat

World Wide Web (WWW)World Wide Web (WWW)

TalkTalk

Slide 8

RUOGLGHHERUOGLGHHE

legitimate way of publishinglegitimate way of publishing

distributed object management systemdistributed object management system

unstructured and serendipitousunstructured and serendipitousbrowsingbrowsing

Search ToolsEnginesSearch ToolsEngines

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 93

Slide 9

6($5amp+72267lt3(66($5amp+72267lt3(6

SUBJECT TREESSUBJECT TREES structured and organized hierarchystructured and organized hierarchy

of categoriesof categories Maintained manuallyMaintained manually Keyword searchable indexesKeyword searchable indexes

Slide 10

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 94

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 95

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 97

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 98

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 99

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Slide 28

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ampDVH6HQVLWLYHHJQIRVHHNampDVH6HQVLWLYHHJQIRVHHN 3RLQWUDWLQJVVWHPHJFRV3RLQWUDWLQJVVWHPHJFRV ampROODWLRQRIUHVXOWVDQGUHGXQGDQW85ampROODWLRQRIUHVXOWVDQGUHGXQGDQW85HOLPLQDWLRQHJHOLPLQDWLRQHJ0HWDampUDZOHU0HWDampUDZOHU

DELOLWWRPXOWLSOHILHOGVHDUFKHJDELOLWWRPXOWLSOHILHOGVHDUFKHJ2SHQ7H[W2SHQ7H[W KHLUDUFKLDOKHLUDUFKLDOUHYLHZHGDUUDQJHPHQWUHYLHZHGDUUDQJHPHQWHJHJltDKRRltDKRR IXOOWH[WSDJHVDQGXSGDWHIUHTXHQFIXOOWH[WSDJHVDQGXSGDWHIUHTXHQFHJHJ$OWDYLVWD$OWDYLVWDKRWERWKRWERW

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 103

Slide 29

1$16($5amp+72261$16($5amp+7226

KRMKRM KWWSKWWSZZZZZZNKRMNKRMFRPFRP

6DPDFKDU6DPDFKDU KWWSKWWSZZZZZZVDPDFKDUVDPDFKDUFRPFRP

KHOKHO KWWSKWWSZZZZZZNKHONKHOFRPFRP

QGLDLQHQGLDLQH KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLQGLDOLQHLQGLDOLQHFRPFRP

DZDUFKLDZDUFKL KWWSKWWSZZZZZZEDZDUFKLEDZDUFKLFRPFRP

QGLDQGLD KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLQGLDFRPLQGLDFRP

$JQL$JQL KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLQGLDZDWFKLQGLDZDWFKRUJLQRUJLQDJQLDJQL

6$56$5 KWWSKWWSZZZZZZVDPLODQVDPLODQFRPFRP

QGLDHEampKDNUDQGLDHEampKDNUD KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLQGLDZHEFKDNUDLQGLDZHEFKDNUDFRPZHEVHDUFKFRPZHEVHDUFK

$=LQGLD$=LQGLD KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLQGLDFRQQHFWLQGLDFRQQHFWFRPD]LQGLDFRPD]LQGLDKWPKWP

6HHN6HHN KWWSKWWSZZZZZZQHZLQGLDQHZLQGLDFRPVHHNFRPVHHN

QGLDYHQWXUHVQGLDYHQWXUHV KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLQGLDYHQWXUHVLQGLDYHQWXUHVFRPVHDUFKFRPVHDUFKKWPKWP

0DQWKDQ0DQWKDQ KWWSKWWSZZZZZZQLRQLRRUJRUJPDQWKDQPDQWKDQ

Slide 30

)XWXUHRI6HDUFKWRROV)XWXUHRI6HDUFKWRROV

0HWD0HWDVHDUFKHUVWRSODYLWDOUROHVHDUFKHUVWRSODYLWDOUROH LQWHJUDWHGWRROVELQGLYLGXDOVHDUFKLQWHJUDWHGWRROVELQGLYLGXDOVHDUFKHQJLQHVHQJLQHV

VXEMHFWUHJLRQVXEMHFWUHJLRQODQJDXJHODQJDXJHVSHFLILFVHDUFKVSHFLILFVHDUFKHQJLQHVHQJLQHV

8VHRIH[SHUWVVWHPV8VHRIH[SHUWVVWHPV 6SHHFKUHFRJQLWLRQDQG6SHHFKUHFRJQLWLRQDQGPXWLPXWLOLQJXDOOLQJXDOVHDUFKHVVHDUFKHV

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 104

13 HyperText Markup Language(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

1

HyperText Markup Language

Slide 2

2

HyperText Markup Language

HEVHUYHUHEVHUYHU plusmn3ampRURWKHUFRPSXWLQJVVWHPplusmn2SHUDWLQJVVWHPLQGRZV17VHUYHURU81

plusmnHEVHUYHUVRIWZDUH6$SDFKHlaquoplusmnFRQWHQWKWPOSDJHVGDWDEDVHVlaquoplusmn QWHUQHWOLQN

6SHFLDOFDVHSHUVRQDORIIOLQHZHEVHUYHU

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 105

Slide 3

3

HyperText Markup Language

+70+70 6LPSOH6LPSOH +RZWRFUHDWH+70SDJHV+RZWRFUHDWH+70SDJHVplusmn1RWHSDGRUDQWH[WHGLWRUplusmn+70HGLWRU

Slide 4

4

HyperText Markup Language

+70

+($

77(0ILUVWZHESDJH77(

+($

2lt

+HOORWKHUH

2lt

+70

6DYHDVQDPHBRIBILOHKWP

Tell the browser that this is webpage

Title Header

Content starts here

Content stops here

Tell the browser that webpage ends

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 106

Slide 5

5

HyperText Markup Language

UHVVLQJLWXS VWDUWDWWULEXWH VWRSDWWULEXWH S QHZSDUDJUDSK GHIDXOW EU QHZOLQH KU KRUL]RQWDOUXOH

Slide 6

6

HTML Header Styles

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

+6WOH+

31RUPDO

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 107

Slide 7

7

HTML Attributes

31RUPDO

3ROG

3WDOLFV

Slide 8

8

HTMLColor

3)217amp225 ))7KLVOLQHLVUHG)217

3)217amp225 ampamp7KLVOLQHLVJUHHQ)217)))) HOORZ

ampamp SXUSOH

)) EOXH

EODFN

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 108

Slide 9

9

HTML Lists

2

QXPEHUHGOLVWOLQH)217

QXPEHUHGOLVWOLQH)217

2

8

EXOOHWHGOLVWOLQH)217

EXOOHWHGOLVWOLQH)217

8

Ordered list

Un-Ordered list

Slide 10

10

HTML Alignment

3$1 ULJKW7KLVLVULJKWDOLJQHG

amp(17(57KLVLVFHQWHUDOLJQHGamp(17(5

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 109

Slide 11

11

HTML Tables

7$(25(5

7573FROXPQURZ773FROXPQURZ775

757

3FROXPQURZ773FROXPQURZ7757$(

Border size

New row

New column

Slide 12

12

7$(25(5 7+ 7577+ 31U777+ 3HVFULSWLRQ7757577+ 3777+ 3VDPSOLQJDWKDUERXU7757577+ 3777+ 3VDPSOLQJDWEXR7757577+ 3777+ 3VDPSOLQJDWVDQGEDQN7757$(

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 110

Slide 13

13

HTML Hyperlink

3$+5() SHUVRQDOBSDJHKWPampOLFNKHUHWRYLVLWPSHUVRQDOSDJH$

3$+5() KWWSLRFXQHVFRRUJGHIDXOWKWPampOLFNKHUH$WRYLVLWWKH2ampKRPHSDJH

CLICK

Slide 14

14

HTML including images

)UDSKLFVQWHUFKDQJH)RUPDW -3VKRUWIRU-3(-RLQW3KRWRJUDSK([SHUWVUDSKLFV065amp acuteLPDJHVLRVPJLI

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 111

Slide 15

15

Website managers

Slide 16

16

Frontpage Editor

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 112

Slide 17

17

Time to try

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 113

14 Numerical Databases Over WWW(V Chavan CMMB Hyderabad India)

Slide 1

Numerical Databases OverWWW

Vishwas ChavanScientist

Centre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyHyderabad India

Slide 2

Databases over Web Approaches

db files to flatascii files Import and Host Live Connectivity

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 114

Slide 3

Flat ascii files on WWW

Oceanline ver 10 Publications ver 10

Slide 4

Oceanline ver 10 OCEANLINE is an online public access catalogue of books monographs

technical reports conference proceedings maps and atlases etcavailable at NIO Library

Files in Oceanline HTML files in varwwwhtdocsOceanline 1indexhtml is the main page

2classearchhtml allows you to perform search Oceanlineaccording to the variou classes

CGI scripts in varwwwcgi-binOceanline 1For the main search

fsearchcgi performs the start search nsearchcgi performs the search for next set of matches psearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches 2For the search according to classes

fclassearchcgi performs the start search nclassearchcgi performs the search for next set of

matches pclassearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 115

Slide 5

Oceanline ver 10 DATA files in varwwwhtdocsOceanlinedata

Category Data file All areas totiso BooksMonographs biso Standards ciso Maps amp Atlases giso Conf preceedings Volumes kiso Dictionaries liso Numerics amp tables niso Technical Reports riso Thesis uiso Bibliographies amp Abstracts ziso isisfdt is the field tags identification file To add new data to Oceanline use the following commands at the prompt 1 cp olddataiso tempiso 2 cat newdataiso tempiso gtolddataiso 3 rm tempiso

Slide 6

Import and Host

Stores db - FoxPro Import to Lotus 123 Fetch into Notes Document base Host on WWW through Domino Server

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 116

Slide 7

Live Connectivity

mSQL MS ACCESS ORACLE

Slide 8

mSQL

Manthan ver 10 Daryavardi ver 10 Animalia ver 10

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 117

Slide 9

Manthan ver 10

Directory-based search engine forOceanographic information over theweb

Implemented using msql has adatabase called rsquomanthanrsquo and has asingle table called rsquoman1rsquo

Database = manthan Table = man1

Slide 10

Manthan ver 10

In varwwwhtdocsmanthanindexhtml is the main pageman1puthtml allows you to add records to manthan database

editmanhtml can be used to edit the records already entered in the databaseocnlnkshtml lists some oceanography and marine related sites on the web

manthanhtml gives mythological background of samudra manthanAbout_Manthanhtml this document

Lite scripts are in samudraHugheswwwmanthan

man1inhtml for accepting data into the databaseman1outhtml for querying the database

man1edthtml for editing the recordsman1uphtml for updating the records

showallhtml displays all records in the database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 118

Slide 11

Manthan ver 10

Database is in samudraHughesmsqldbmanthan and has following filesman1dat is the main data fileman1def is field definition file

man1idx index field fileman1idx-url_in is the main index file

Slide 12

MS ACCESS

Plantae ver 10Win NT (Server Version) - 40Internet Information Server (IIS) ver 30 - Web

ServerMS-Accessrsquo97 (ver 80) - Database Active Server Pages (ASP) - Scripting language

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 119

Slide 13

ORACLE

SPMIS at CCMBWorkgroup version of Oracle 80 as RDBMS

MS Visual Basic 60 as front endActiveX controls (OLE controls) facilitate

visualization of Visual Basic application onWWW

ActiveX controls are in-built with MS VisualBasic 60

Slide 14

Thank You

Have a HappyData Management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 120

15 Serving Textual Factual databases on the web(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Serving Textual Factualdatabases on the web

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

TEXTUAL FACTUALDATABASES

bull Primary resources

rArr Living resources eg Flora Fauna(taxonomic morphological distribution gene-banks etc)

rArr Non-living resources eg Geographicallyreferenced databases (satellite images ofphysiography temperature salinity etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 121

Slide 3

Textual Factual databases

bull Secondary resourcesrArr Metadata Catalogue of cruise tracks

sampling stations etcrArr Human institutional Personnel directory

research projects job opportunities etcrArr Bibliographic OPAC published literaturerArr Links to websites Related institutions

Electronic journals Full text documentsetc

Slide 4

Textual Factual databases

bull Tertiary resources

rArr Socio-economic resources Policyinstruments treaties Fish marketinformation Exporters Importers etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 122

Slide 5

KEY ITEMS

bull Databasebull Search retrieve and display software

(CGI)bull User interface (HTML pages)

Slide 6

DATABASE

bull Structured information in any formbull Reliable databull Sizeable number of recordsbull Frequency of updatebull Multimedia component

rArr Graphics JPEG GIF files of pictures and filmclippings

rArr Audio clippings 5 minutes audio capturedat22 kHz in 16 bit stereo - 5mb WAV or AUfiles

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 123

Slide 7

AUDIO CLIPPING FREEWARE

bull Real Audio Encoder(httpwwwrealcom) to generatecompressed RA files from WAV and AU

bull For best results install Real Audio Playerplug on the users browser

bull HTTP streaming to enable reasonable fastloading of audio files to the clientmachines

bull Real Audio Streaming server High Costs

Slide 8

SEARCH RETRIEVE ANDDISPLAY INTERFACE

bull Dictionary of keywords termsrArr Keywords from all fields specific field

bull Open search expressionsbull Boolean logicbull Ideal to retain information about previoustransactionsrArr Use of lsquoInput Type Hiddenrsquo feature supported

by HTML and to carry the details of queryterms in HTML forms through the searchsession

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 124

Slide 9

Search retrieve anddisplay interfacebull Search on index files pointing to

appropriate records in the database forretrieval

bull Programs linked to HTML search formsas well as HTML output for display

Slide 10

USER INTERFACE (HTMLpages)

bull Home page

rArr Less than 32 k size HTML filerArr Column structure than full screenrArr Use of frames feature supported by

HTML to divide screen in two partsrArr Left part Table of contents

rArr Right part Information page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 125

Slide 11

User interface (HTMLpages) Table of contents

bull Introduction to database (origin purposeownership copyrights updating frequencyetc)

bull Overview (contents building searchstrategy charges for search and retrieval ifany contact for further support etc)

bull Data entry formbull Data display Presentation formatsbull Access to databasebull List of previous search sets in current

session

Slide 12

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

rArr Database title subtitle logorArr Other related products (product on

other media subsets etc)rArr Ownership (Developers funding

agency software)rArr Navigator choice and screen

resolution

bull Opening page

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 126

Slide 13

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Search tools

rArr Broad group of data-setsrArr Keywords Term indexrArr Geographical co-ordinates

bull Menu items

rArr Pointers to last screenrArr Next screenrArr Sources starting with letters rArr Buttons for submission cancellation

Slide 14

User interface (HTMLpages) Right part of screen

bull Display formats

rArr Indicative informativerArr Graphics film cliprArr Audio background

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 127

16 Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

102498 PPissierssens IOC 1

Dynamic Database publishingusing Filemaker Pro

Slide 2

102498 PPissierssens IOC 2

Step 1 create your database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 128

Slide 3

102498 PPissierssens IOC 3

Step 11 populate your database

Slide 4

102498 PPissierssens IOC 4

Step 2 create the html pages

bull Strategyndash online create new record

ndash online edit record

ndash online search recordLetrsquos do this

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 129

Slide 5

102498 PPissierssens IOC 5

Writing the html pages

bull Defaulthtm

bull Searchhtm

bull Search_resultshtm

search_resultshtm

searchhtm

defaulthtm

Slide 6

102498 PPissierssens IOC 6

Writing the html pages

HIDXOWKWPltA HREF=FMPro-db=testdbFP3amp-lay=webamp

-format=searchhtmamp-viewgtSearch the DatabaseltAgt

database Layout to use

Output format action

ACTION

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 130

Slide 7

102498 PPissierssens IOC 7

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step1 the actionsltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=postgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=testdbfp3gt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=search_resultshtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=search_errorhtmgt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=surnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=firstnamegt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortField VALUE=countrygt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-SortORder VALUE=Ascendinggt ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-max VALUE=20gtltPgt

Slide 8

102498 PPissierssens IOC 8

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKKWP - step 2 the search formSurname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgt ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgt Firstname ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=17gtltPgtJob TitleltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_title VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtJob Type ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=job_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtOrganization ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=organization VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtTypeltBgtltIgt ltIgtltBgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=organization_type VALUE= SIZE=22gtltPgtCity ltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=city VALUE= SIZE=22gtltFONTgtltPgtCountryltFONT SIZE=-1gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=eqgtltINPUT

TYPE=text NAME=country VALUE= SIZE=23gtltFONTgtltPgtActivities ltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-op VALUE=bwgtltINPUT TYPE=text

NAME=activities VALUE= SIZE=58gtltPgt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 131

Slide 9

102498 PPissierssens IOC 9

Writing the html pages

6HDUFKKWP - step 3 the action buttons

ltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=AND checked=gtMatch all words between fields (AND)ltBRgtltINPUT TYPE=radio NAME=-lop VALUE=ORgtMatch any words between fields (OR)

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-Find VALUE=Start SearchgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgt

Slide 10

102498 PPissierssens IOC 10

Writing the html pages 6HDUFKBUHVXOWVKWP[FMP-RECORD]Name[FMP-FIELD Title] [FMP-FIELD firstname]

[FMP-FIELD middle_name]ltBgt [FMP-FIELD surname]ltBgtltPgtGender[FMP-FIELD gender]ltBRgt Degrees[FMP-FIELD degree]ltBRgt Job Title[FMP-FIELD job_title]ltBRgt

Job Type [FMP-FIELD job_type]ltBRgt Organizationampnbsp [FMP-FIELD organization]ltBRgt Organization type [FMP-FIELD organization_type]ltBRgt Departmentampnbsp[FMP-FIELD department]ltBRgt

Address [FMP-FIELD street_address]ltBRgt City [FMP-FIELD city]ltBRgt Country [FMP-FIELD country]ltBRgt Activities [FMP-FIELD activities]ltPgt

[FMP-RECORD]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 132

Slide 11

102498 PPissierssens IOC 11

The queryHttpscppi591testdbFmPro-DB=testdbfp3amp-Lay=webamp-

format=search_resultshtmamp-error=search_errorhtmamp-SortField=surnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=firstnameamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-SortField=countryamp-SortORder=Ascendingamp-max=20amp-op=bwampsurname=amp-op=bwampfirstname=amp-op=bwampjob_title=amp-op=bwampjob_type=amp-op=bwamporganization=amp-op=bwamporganization_type=amp-op=bwampcity=amp-op=eqampcountry=indiaamp-op=bwampactivities=amp-lop=ANDamp-Find=Start+Search

ampOLHQW DWDEDVHform

Filled form

query

resulthtml

HEVHUYHU

Slide 12

102498 PPissierssens IOC 12

The resultndash Search Results

Displaying records 1 through 12 of 12 records found

Name Mr Narayan BHASKARGendermaleDegreesMaster of Fisheries Science (MFSc) Bachelor of Fisheries Science (BFSc)Job TitleScientistJob Type ResearchOrganization Central Food Technological Research InstituteOrganization typeDepartment Meat Fish and Poultry TechnologyAddressCity MysoreCountry IndiaActivities 1 Have worked on incidence of bacteria of public health significance in the cultured shrimpsPenaeus monodonduring both the farming and harvest phases 2 Have worked on the shelflife and quality characteristics of the shrimpPenaeus indicus during ice storage 3 Is associated with the study on the food and feeding habits of the shrimpParapeaeopsis stylifera 4 Has worked on the preservation of salted-dried mackerel(Rastrelliger kanagurta Cuvier) usingfilm forming gums 5 Is associated with the study on the extension of shelf life of seer and mackerel steaks using lacticfermentation 6 Has studied the biochemical aspects of the underutilised crustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepaLatreille) from the point of view of processing 7Recently I have proposed projects on the isolation and characterisation oftransglutaminase from the Indian fishcrustacean species for the production of surimi Utilisation of the underutilisedcrustacean species squilla (Oratosquilla nepa Latreille) for producing value added products evaluation of cultured and wildcaught Indian major carps for the incidence of bacteria of public health significance

[end of this record]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 133

Slide 13

102498 PPissierssens IOC 13

Creating a new record

Step 1 QHZKWP

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE= SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE= SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE= SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE= SIZE=30gt

continue here for other fieldsUserID ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=userid VALUE= SIZE=30gtPassword ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=password VALUE= SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME= -New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to next StepgtltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Slide 14

102498 PPissierssens IOC 14

Creating a new record

bull Step 2 QHZBUHSOKWP

A record has been added to the database

lta href=ldquodefaulthtmrdquogtGo back to menultagt

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 134

Slide 15

102498 PPissierssens IOC 15

Editing a recordbull OPTION 1 without security

ndash include field for unique identifierndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull OPTION 2 with securityndash Verify userid and passwordndash list entries for that userID and passwordndash allow selection of record to editndash edit recordndash confirm edit is received

bull TRY

Slide 16

102498 PPissierssens IOC 16

Editing a record

ltFORM ACTION=FMPro METHOD=post gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-DB VALUE=rdquotestdbFP3gtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-Lay VALUE=webgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-format VALUE=new_replyhtmgtltINPUT TYPE=hidden NAME=-error VALUE=new_errorhtmgt

Title ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=title VALUE=[FMP-Field title] SIZE=12gtltFONTgtFirstname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=firstname VALUE=[FMP-Field firstname]

SIZE=19gtMiddle NameltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=middle_name VALUE=[FMP-Field

middle_name] SIZE=19gtSurname ltINPUT TYPE=text NAME=surname VALUE=[FMP-Field surname] SIZE=30gt

ltINPUT TYPE=submit NAME=-New VALUE=Save your Record and Proceed to nextStepgt

ltINPUT TYPE=reset VALUE=Reset this formgtltform)

Current value

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 135

Slide 17

102498 PPissierssens IOC 17

Error[FMP-IF CurrentErroreq 509]

Required Value ErrorSorry required information is missing Please check your submission and try again

[FMP-ELSE]

New Record Error

There was an error adding a record to the database Please check your

submission and try again - amp91 ERR[FMP-CURRENTERROR]amp93

ampnbsp

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

Error codes

500 Date value does not meet validation entry options

501 Time value does not meet validation entry options

502 Number value does not meet validation entry options

503 Value in field does not meet range validation entry options

504 Value in field does not meet unique value validation entry options

505 Value in field failed existing value validation test

506 Value in field is not a member value of the validation entry option value list

507 Value in field failed calculation test of validation entry option

508 Value in field failed query value test of validation entry option

509 Field requires a valid value

[FMP-IF]

Press the ltBgtBackltBgt button in your browser

[end of report]

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex IV - page 1

ANNEX IV

LIST OF ACRONYMS

ASFA Aquatic Science and Fisheries AbstractsCD-ROM Compact Disk ndash Read Only MemoryDNA Designated National AgencyGEBCO General Bathymetric Chart of the OceansGE-MIM Group of Experts on Marine Information ManagementGIS Geographic Information SystemGLODIR Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) ProfessionalsGLOSS Global Sea Level Observing SystemGOOS Global Ocean Observing SystemGODAR Global Oceanographic Data Archeology and RescueGTSPP Global Temperature and Salinity Profile ProgrammeIGOSS Integrated Global Ocean Services SystemIOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (of UNESCO)IOCINCWIO IOC Regional Committee for the Co-operative Investigation in the North and Central

Western Indian OceanIOCINDIO IOC Regional Committee for the Central Indian OceanIODE International Oceanographic Data and Information ExchangeMEDI Marine Metadata Management SystemNIO National Institute of Oceanography (India)NODC National Oceanographic Data CentreODINEA Oceanographic Data and Information NetworkODINAFRICA Oceanographic Data and Information Network for AfricaRNODC-MEDI Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centre ndash MEDIWDC-A World Data Centre-AWWW World-Wide Web

  • Contents
Page 7: IOC/IODE/NIO Training Course on Oceanographic Data and

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 1

ANNEX I

AGENDA AND TIMETABLE

SATURDAY - 17 OCTOBER 19980900 - 0915 REGISTRATION 0915 - 1030 Presentation of the participants1030 - 1100 TEA BREAK

SESSION A IOCIODE SYSTEM (TRAINING HALL)1100 - 1115 Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (P Pissierssens) [ paper presented duringITO98]1115 - 1200 IODE s institutional components and international ocean data system (P Geerders)1200 - 1230 IODE data flow monitoring procedures (P Geerders)1230 - 1300 IODE data products and operational projects (P Geerders)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on ROSCOP forms (Geerders)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1615 Establishing an IODE NODC (G Reed)

SUNDAY - 18 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

MONDAY - 19 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION B DATA METADATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT0925 - 1020 New technology for data acquisition remote sensing data buoys etc (P Geerders)1020 - 1045 GODAR project and achievements (P Geerders)1045 - 1115 The continuum data metadata and information (G Reed)1115 1200 Metadata The MEDI pilot project (GReed)

6(6621amp26()257+(5(672)7+($lt$38amp+2$lt

TUESDAY - 20 OCTOBER 19980930 - 1000 Marine Information Management (Pissierssens)1000 - 1100 Marine data management system at RNODC-INDO (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE Metadata Practical exercise (G Reed) 1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK

SESSION C DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS1400 - 1430 Numerical DBMS vs textual DBMS (MP Tapaswi)1430 - 1500 Advances in DBMS distributed database management systems (G Reed)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 DBMS systems - Database directions (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 2

WEDNESDAY - 21 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION D USING RDBMS IN OCEANOGRAPHY0900 - 1000 Data warehousing (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)1000 - 1100 Web databases (P Sadanandan NCST Bangalore)

1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK

1130 - 1300 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access Creating database tables Searching thedatabase (J Pattainak JS Sarupria PPissierssens)

1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1430 Demonstration to other global data sets such as GEBCO etc (PD Kunte)1430 - 1500 Introduction to global data sets and demonstration (CD-ROM - WDC-A etc) (GVReddy)1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1700 PRACTICAL EXERCISE MS Access self training

THURSDAY - 22 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION E DATA PROCESSING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (TRAINING HALL)0900 - 1000 Oceanographic data exchange formats (JS Sarupria)1000 - 1100 Quality control procedures (T Pankajakshan)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 - 1200 Data product development tools (GIS etc) (PD Kunte)1200 - 1300 Visit to IODC (Demonstration use of INGRES DBMS (L Ratnakaran) and ArcView GIS

(J Pattanaik))1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on MS Access amp SQL1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1730 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)

FRIDAY - 23 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION F IODE AND THE WWW0900 - 1000 Data processing tools interpolation interpolation etc (R Mahadevan)1000 - 1045 The Internet - Introduction Evolution and Tools (A Ghosh)1045 - 1115 TEA BREAK1115 - 1145 Serving information to users over the WWW HTML (PPissierssens)1145 - 1200 Serving numerical databases over the WWW (V Chavan)1200 - 1300 Serving textualfactual database over the WWW (MP Tapaswi PPissierssens)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on HTML1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 PRACTICAL EXERCISE (continued)1630 1700 The IODC NIO CDROM Demo (PD Kunte)

SATURDAY - 24 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAYSUNDAY - 25 OCTOBER 1998 - HOLIDAY

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex I - page 3

MONDAY - 26 OCTOBER 1998

SESSION G SOFTWARE FOR OCEAN DATA AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT (IODC)0900 - 1100 PRACTICAL EXERCISE on format conversion (JS Sarupria)1100 - 1130 TEA BREAK1130 1230 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit)(PPissierssens)1230 - 1300 Library visit (Tapaswi)1300 - 1400 LUNCH BREAK1400 - 1500 PRACTICAL EXERCISE The ODINEA CD-ROM (IODE Resource Kit) continued1500 - 1530 TEA BREAK1530 - 1630 The IODE XBT quality control software demo (Pankajakshan)1630 - 1730 Evaluation of the Training course

TUESDAY - 27 OCTOBER 1998

0930 - 1100 Discussions on evaluation and receommendations1100 CLOSING CEREMONY (SEMINAR HALL)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 1

ANNEX II

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND RESOURCE PERSONS

A PARTICIPANTS

Mr Mohamed Said Al MohanadiMarine Science DepartmentUniversity of QatarPO Box 2713 DohaQATARFax (974) 892135Email alshoqeriqueduqa

Mr Thilakasiri MendisOceanography Division of NARAMattakkuliya Colombo 15SRI LANKAFax (94) 1522 932 or (94) 1522 699Email jayasirinaraaclk

Dr Trinh The HieuInstitute of Oceanography01 Canada - NhatrangVIETNAMFax (84 58) 881 152Email haiduongdngvnnvn

Ms Nasreen Islam KhanAssistant ProfessorDept of Geography amp EnvironmentDhaka University - 1000BANGLADESHFax (880 2) 86 55 83Email nasreengegduccagnicom Nasreen_ikhanyahoocom geographydubanglanet

Lt Cdr Zaharuddin MaideenHydrographic DirectorateRoyal Malaysian Navy Ministry of DefenceJalan padang Tembak 50634 Kuala LumpurMALAYSIATel 603-2313700Fax 603 2987972Email zahalintmnetmy

Mr Goonasilan SoopramaniaMauritius Meteorological ServicesVacoasMAURITIUSFax (230) 686 1033Email meteointernetmu

Cdr A BhushanNaval Hydrographic OfficePost Box No 75 107-A Rajpur RoadDEHRADUN - 248 001 INDIAFax 0091 (135) 748373

Shri MM Malleswara RaoNational Institute of OceanographyRegional Centre176 Lawsons Bay ColonyVISAKHAPATNAM - 530 017 INDIAFax 0891-543595Email mmmraokadalinioorg

Lt Cdr IN JobINS HansaGOA - 403 802 INDIAEmail simulatebom2vsnlnetinTel 0834-51 8441

Lt TP MahatoNational Hydrographic SchoolCo Heaquarters Goa Naval AreaVasco-da-GamaGOA - 403 802 INDIAFax 0834 - 513419Tel 0834 - 51395051 Extn 242344347Email nhsgoabom2vsnlnetin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex II - page 2

B RESOURCE PERSONS

Mr Vishwas ChavanScientistCentre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyUppal RoadHYDERABAD - 500 007 INDIATel +91-40-7172241Fax +91-40-7171195Email vishwasyahoocom vishccmbarpnicin

Ir Paul GeerdersConsultant amp training on remote sensing amp data management for marine and coastal applicationsKobaltpad 16 3402 JL IJsselsteinTHE NETHERLANDSFax 31 (30) 688 49 42Email pgconswxsnl

Mr Aravind Ghosh KScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email garvindcsniorennicin garvinddaryanioorg

Prof R MahadevanScientific AdvisorNational Institute of Ocean TechnologyIIT Madras CampusMADRAS - 600 036 INDIAEmail devansamratnioternetin

Mr Peter PissierssensProgramme Specialist IODEMIMIntergovernrmental OceanographicCommission of UNESCO1 rue Miollis75732 Paris Cedex 15FRANCEFax 33 145685812Tel 33 145684046Email ppissierssensunescoorg

Mr GV ReddyScientist EIData amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email reddycsniorennicin reddydaryanioorg

Dr Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data CentreMaritime Headquarters Wylde StPotts Point NSW 2011AUSTRALIAFax + 612 9359 3120Email gregaodcgovauTel + 612 9359 3141

Prof P SadanandanAssociate DirectorNational Centre for Software Technology6th Floor Main Tower Visvesvaraya CentreDr BR Ambedkar VeedhiBANGALORE - 560 001 INDIAEmail psncsternetinFax 286 2531

Mr JS SarupriaHead Data amp Information DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula GOA - 403 004 INDIAFax 91(0) 832-223340 91(0) 832-229102Email sarujsdaryanioorg sarujscsniorennicin

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 1

ANNEX III LECTURE NOTES

LIST OF ATTACHED LECTURE NOTES

1 Session A Introduction to IODE amp IOC regional policy (PPissierssens)2 Session A IODE Institutional Components and the International Ocean Data System (P Geerders)3 Session A IODE Data Flow and Monitoring Procedures (P Geerders)4 Session A IODE Operational Projects (P Geerders)5 Session A NODC Tasks amp Responsibilities (G Reed)6 Session B Data Information and Metadata (G Reed)7 Session B A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data (G Reed)8 Session C Numerical Vs Textual Databases (MP Tapaswi)9 Session C Distributed Database Management Systems (G Reed)10 Session E Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data (Pankajakshan Thadathil)11 Session E Geographic Information System (GIS) (PD Kunte)12 Session F Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools (A Ghosh)13 Session F HyperText Markup Language (PPissierssens)14 Session F Numerical Databases Over WWW (V Chavan)15 Session F Serving Textual Factual databases on the web (MP Tapaswi)16 Session F Dynamic Database publishing using Filemaker Pro (PPissierssens)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 2

1 INTRODUCTION TO IODE amp IOC REGIONAL POLICY(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

URZLQJWRZDUGVDURZLQJWRZDUGVDQHZHUDQHZHUD

Slide 2

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

2(ltHVWHUGD2(7RGD2(7RPRUURZ

In order to address the question lsquowhat will IODE be tomorrowrsquo we first need to look atIODE yesterday and IODE today

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 3

Slide 3

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ampUHDWLRQ2amp

IODE History

Going back 37 years IODE is one of the oldest IOC programmes established in 1961The IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission) is a part of UNESCO Therelationship with UNESCO is a bit more complicated than that because although IOCis part of UNESCO it has its own governing bodies an assembly and executive councilIOC also has its own Member States which are sometimes different from the UNESCOMember States (eg the United States are a Member State of IOC but not of UNESCO)Currently the IOC has 126 Member States

Slide 4

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC

What is unique about the IOC is that it is the ONLY United Nations body that dealsONLY with the Oceans Many other UN agencies have activities related to the Oceansbut the Oceans are only part of their mandatesometimes peripheral The IOC deals onlywith the Oceans

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 4

Slide 5

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

OREDO3URJUDPPHVplusmn 2FHDQ6FLHQFH

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plusmn 2(plusmn 7VXQDPLDUQLQJ6VWHPplusmn OREDO2FHDQ2EVHUYDWLRQ226266plusmn 7UDLQLQJ(GXFDWLRQ7(0$

5HJLRQDO3URJUDPPHV

IOC Activities

Slide 6

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IOC Regional Programmes

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 5

Slide 7

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Milestones1956-59 International Geophysical Year Established WDCs

for Oceanography amp Marine Geology amp Geophysics1960 IOC Establishment

Oct 1961 Establishment of a Working group on Exchangeof Oceanographic Data Call on Member States toestablish national data centres

1965 Publication of the first edition of the IODE Manual

1973 Establishment of the IODE Working Committee withnew Terms of Reference

OctNov 77 Established Joint IOC-WMO IGOSS Committee

1979 Publication of the first issue of the MEDI Catalogue

1970s Operation of the RNODC pilot scheme

1978-90s Development of the GF3 format amp publication ofGF3 Manual (6 volumes) Establishment of theRNODC for GF3 at ICES Headquarters

1981 RNODC scheme becomes operational

1987 IODE becomes the International Oceanographic Data ampInformation Exchange System (acronym has beenretained)

1988 Launching the GTSPP project

1990 Publication of the GTSPP Manual

Nov 90 OceanPC project approved for implementation

1991 Publication of the revised version of the IODE Manualjointly with ICSU Panel on WDCs

1992 Launching GOOS

Feb 92 Ocean Climate Data Workshop

Dec 92 Adoption of the IODE data management policy

1993 GODAR project approved for implementation

1993 Publication of the OceanPC software amp Manual

1993 Publication of the third edition of the MEDI Catalogue

1994 GEBCO CD-ROM

1995 World Ocean Atlas 94 set of CD-ROMs

Mar 95 Think Tank Meeting

1996 Publication of the IGOSS-IODE Data ManagementStrategy in support of GOOS

May 1996 Workshop on Manag of Biological amp ChemicalData

1996 GTSPP amp GLOSS CD-ROMs

1996 IODE Home Page on WWW server

IODE has also been one of the most active programmes of the IOC I am showingyou a list of IODE milestones I will not even try to go through all of these

Slide 8

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Objectives

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The IODE has been established with the objective to enhance marine researchexploration and development by facilitating the exchange of oceanographic dataand information between participating Member States

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 6

Slide 9

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE StructurebulllsquoPhysicalrsquo Structure

bullWorld Data Centre OceanographybullNational Oceanographic Data Centre or DesignatedNational Agency (NODC DNA)bullResponsible NODC (RNODC)

bulllsquoOrganizationalrsquo StructurebullIODE CommitteebullIODE OfficersbullIODE Groups of Experts (GE-)

bulllsquoOperationalrsquo Structurebulldata flow

Now let us have a look at the structure of the IODE system We can distinguish threetypes of structure1- the physical structure2- the organizational structure3- the operational structure

1- physical structure here we have to remember that the IODE system wasdeveloped in a time when there was no Internet Physical structures therefore had tobe built in a centralized manner we had world data centres national oceanographicdata centres and responsible NODCs (I am coming back to these individually in amoment)2- organizational structure in order to develop maintain and manage the systemIODE set up an IODE Committee appointed IODE Officers and brought together a number of Groups of Experts3- operational structure defining the data flow

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 7

Slide 10

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 72$lt

56 Data centres in 53 countries

Looking at the physical structure during its 37 years of existence the IODE systemhas been able to set up 56 national data centres (including NODCs and DNAs) in 53countries - Oceanography

There are 56 National Oceanographic Data Centres Designated National Agenciesand World Data Centre (Oceanography) in 53 countries Argentina Australia BrazilBulgaria Canada Chile Peoplersquos Republic of China Colombia Republic of CroatiaEcuador Arab Republic of Egypt Finland France Germany Ghana GreeceGuatemala Guineacutee Iceland India Islamic Republic of Iran Ireland Italy JapanKenya Peoples Democratic Republic of Korea Republic of Korea MalaysiaMexico Morocco Netherlands Nigeria Norway Pakistan Peru PhilippinesPoland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Seychelles South Africa SpainSweden United Republic of Tanzania Trinidad amp Tobago Turkey Ukraine UnitedKingdom United States of America Uruguay Venezuela VietnamNone in Mauritius Qatar Bangladesh

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 8

Slide 11

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Centre Tasks

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plusmn VHHNDQGDFTXLUHGDWDIURPQDWLRQDOVRXUFHVIRULQWHUQDWLRQDOH[FKDQJH

plusmn VXEPLWGDWDWRampRU512ampplusmn SURYLGHRFHDQGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQLQDXVDEOHIRUPWRDZLGHXVHUFRPPXQLW

plusmn SDUWLFLSDWHLQPHHWLQJVRI2(

Letrsquos look at the Data Centre tasksA National Oceanographic Data Centre (NODC) willbull acquire process quality control inventory archive and disseminate data in

accordance with national responsibilitiesbull be responsible for conducting international exchangebull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are

exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data andsubmit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography orRNODC

bull provide ocean datainformation in a usable form to a wide user communitybull participate in meetings of IODESome Member States that have not established an NODC have instead identifiedDesignated National Agencies (DNAs)NODC can receive data or inventory information from the WDCs for Oceanographyor RNODCs

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 9

Slide 12

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

WDCs 86$5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ

ampKLQD

5HFHLYHDUFKLYHRFHDQRJUDSKLFGDWDLQYHQWRULHVIURP12ampV512ampVPDULQHVFLHQFHRUJDQL]DWLRQVDQGLQGLYLGXDOVFLHQWLVWV

SURYLGHGDWDLQYHQWRULHVDQGSXEOLFDWLRQVWR12ampV1$VWR512ampVWRLQWHUQDWLRQDOFRRSHUDWLYHSURJUDPPHV

0RQLWRUSHUIRUPDQFH2(VVWHP

bull USA Russian Federation Chinabull Receive amp archive oceanographic data amp inventories from NODCs RNODCs

marine science organizations and individual scientistsbull provide data inventories and publications to NODCs DNAs to RNODCs amp to

international co-operative programmesbull Monitor performance IODE system

Slide 13

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

RNODCs

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plusmnVSHFLILFJHRJUDSKLFUHJLRQV 512amp62amp512amp12512ampIRU(673$amp

A special case is the RNODC They are NODCs which have also accepted someadditional responsibilities These can be to deal with specific data types eg driftingbuoys data marine pollution data etcor they can take responsibility for specific geographic regions eg Southern OceansIndian Ocean (such as the IODC) Western Pacific etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 10

Slide 14

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Organization 2(ampRPPLWWHHplusmn +HDGV12ampV2(2IILFHUV

2(2IILFHUVplusmn ampKDLUPDQ9LFHampKDLUPDQampKDLUVURXSVRI([SHUWVLUHFWRUVampV

2(URXSVRI([SHUWVplusmn (00(7$(

2(7DVN7HDPVplusmn 5HP6HQVDWDampHQWUH6HUY0DULRODWD

Letrsquos proceed with the Organizational structureFirst of all we have an IODE Committee This is composed of representatives fromeach data centre and of course also the IODE officersThe IODE officers include a Chairman and Vice-Chairman elected by the Committee(the current Chairman is Ben Searle who is with us this week) Officers also includethe Chairpersons of the Groups of Experts and the Heads of the 3 WDCsWe also have Groups of Experts For specific areas within the mandate of IODE theCommittee has established Groups of Experts As the name implies these Groupsare composed of experts They are people identified by their own country following arequest from the IOC secretariat They then meet at regular periods (every 2-3 years)to discuss specific issues They often prepare action plans and carry outprogrammesOne example is the GE-MIM of which we have a member here ie MrMurari TapaswiFinally we have a few task teams These deal with specific topics and usually have alimited lifespan

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 11

Slide 15

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Ships Moorings Satellites

NationalInstitutions

USERSUSERS

NODCDNA

RNODC

WDC-Oceanogr

USERS

USERS

IODE Data Flow

Just a few words about the operational structure ie the data flow In this verysimplified diagram you can see how data flow through the IODE system

Slide 16

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Policy )XOODQGRSHQVKDULQJ )UHHRUORZFRVWGDWDVHUYLFHV DWDDYDLODEOHZLWKLQHDUDIWHUFROOHFWLRQ

DWDDUFKLYLQJFRPPLWPHQW $SSO6WDQGDUGV

Full and open sharingFree or low-cost data servicesData available within 1 year after collectionData archiving commitmentApply Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 12

Slide 17

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

The Continuum

DWD0HWDGDWDQIRUPDWLRQ KRRHVKDW

Now through the years a giant distinction has been made between datamanagement on one side (numerical data) and information management on theother side (textual information) Rarely would these two meet However in the pastfew years a new creature (or so it seems) has surfaced ie meta data TextualInformation describing Numerical Data and data sets We therefore need to considerthese three as a continuum

Slide 18

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Data Types

0DULQH+GURORJLFDO 0DULQHHRORJLFDOHRSKVLFDO 0DULQHampKHPLFDO 0DULQH3ROOXWLRQ 5HPRWH6HQVLQJQHZ 0DULQHLRORJLFDOQHZ

Data Management data typesIODE deals with a wide variety of data types

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 13

Slide 19

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE Activities

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQWplusmnOREDO76332662$5PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGV4ampFRRUGLQDWLRQZLWKRWKHUDJHQFLHV

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plusmnampDSDFLWEXLOGLQJ

Are data centres just archives of data No although many started out that waymany data centres now produce data productsGEBCO many other examples around us this week

Slide 20

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

6WDQGDUGVIRU0DULQHQIRUPDWLRQ0DQDJHPHQW

HYHORSPHQWRI001HWZRUNVLQGHYHORSLQJUHJLRQV

OREDOLUHFWRURI0DULQHDQG)UHVKZDWHU3URIHVVLRQDOV

2FHDQ3LORWGDWDEDVH

0DULQH0HWDGDWD0DQDJHPHQW6VWHP0(

0DULQHLEOLRJUDSKLF7RROVampRRSHUDWLRQLQ$6)$

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QIRUPDWLRQ7HFKQRORJNQRZKRZVKDULQJ

IODE Activities

Standards library management systems (eg software) standards for directory typedatabases monitoring of technological advancements for information exchange suchas ILLMIM networks RECOSCIX-WIO -CEA GLODIR OceanPilot MEDI ASFA

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 14

Slide 21

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Capacity Building

$VVLVWDQFHGHYHORSPHQWRI12ampV 7UDLQLQJDQG(GXFDWLRQ microGDWDPDQDJHPHQWIDPLOpara

Assistance the IOC assists member states that wish to set up national datamanagement infrastructure by sending experts (from within the system) to assessthe national situation discuss options and assist with the planningTraining and Education training courses and workshops at national or regional level(next week) Eg these can be organized following the mission I just mentionedNew NODCs are welcomed into the data management family more mature NODCsaccept internships from newly established NODCs for periods of 2-3 months Most ofthe time the NODCs donrsquot charge for this assistance although it must be consideredas on-the-job training IOC provides the air ticket and living expensesNew strategy training and education should be organized within project frameworkabandon one-hit training activities without follow-up (eg ODINAFRICA)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 15

Slide 22

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Sharing

12ampVSURGXFWDQGVHUYLFHGHYHORSPHQW

6KDULQJRIUHVRXUFHV

WE have all witnessed the wide variety of products and services developed in manyof the NODCs present here with us

Slide 23

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE 7202552

RZHVHUYHRXUFXVWRPHUVKRDUHRXUFXVWRPHUV

Do we serve our customers First who are our customers

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 16

Slide 24

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IODE UserCommunities

HIRUHVFLHQWLVWV 1RZDQGWRPRUURZplusmnVFLHQWLVWVplusmnLQGXVWUJRYHUQPHQWplusmnGHFLVLRQSROLFPDNHUV

Yesterday and today mainly scientistsToday and tomorrow

Slide 25

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Datarequirements

2SHUDWLRQDO2FHDQRJUDSK 2(GHODHGPRGHKLJKTXDOLW4amp

5HDOWLPH02paraV266

The new customers will increasingly want lsquooperational oceanographyrsquo dataTraditionally IODE deals with delayed-mode data often cruise based The IODEsystemrsquos major added value is the quality control mechanism set up throughout theIODE systemA programme which is much more aimed at real-time data management is theWMOrsquos Integratedl Global Ocean Services System IGOSSTo get the both of both worlds IODE and IGOSS are therefore growing closer to eachother

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 17

Slide 26

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODE

0DULQHDWD0DQDJHPHQW([FKDQJH0LVVLRQ6WDWHPHQW

0DULQHDWD([FKDQJHDQG0DQDJHPHQW2EMHFWLYH

This has led to the drafting of joint IGOSSIODE Marine Data Management andExchange Statement which says that

Slide 27

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEMission Statement

sup3266DQG2(ZLOOFRQWLQXHHIIRUWVLQJDLQLQJDUHSXWDWLRQIRUH[FHOOHQFHLQWKHPDQDJHPHQWDQGSURFHVVLQJRIPDULQHGDWDDQGLQWKHJHQHUDWLRQDQGGLVWULEXWLRQRIGDWDLQIRUPDWLRQDQGSURGXFWVWKURXJKDZHOOVXSSRUWHGVFLHQFHHQGRUVHGKLJKOIRFXVVHGDQGWHFKQLFDOOFRPSHWHQWGLVWULEXWHGJURXSRIGDWDFHQWUHVDQGUHODWHGDJHQFLHVacute

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 18

Slide 28

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEObjective

sup37RFUHDWHDQLQWHJUDWHGDQGWHFKQRORJLFDOODGYDQFHGGDWDPDQDJHPHQWSURFHVVLQJDQGGLVWULEXWLRQVVWHPLQRUGHUWRPHHWWKHQHHGVRIWKHLQWHUQDWLRQDOPDULQHLQFO226DQGPHWHRURORJLFDOFRPPXQLWLHVFRPSDWLEOHZLWKamp26GDWDPDQDJHPHQWVVWHPDQGLQSDUWLFXODUVXSSRUWLQJWKHGHFLVLRQPDNLQJSURFHVVRIQDWLRQDOJRYHUQPHQWVLQGHWHUPLQLQJHQYLURQPHQWDOOVXVWDLQDEOHGHYHORSPHQWSROLFacute

Slide 29

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

IGOSS-IODEGoals

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ampUHDWHGLVWULEXWHGGDWDQHWZRUN 3URYLGHSURGXFWV 3URYLGHTXDOLWFRQWUROPHFKDQLVPV

Add Regional and global marine related programmes are seen as major customersfor both IGOSS and IODE data management and exchange capabilities This is inaddition to the more traditional needs of supporting national interests

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 19

Slide 30

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

Cruise orientation

Platformlsquosystemrsquo approach

There will thus be a major and fundamental change in IODE The main data streamswill result from lsquopermanentrsquo monitoring activities rather than from the traditional lsquoadhocrsquo research cruise Of course the cruise based data streams will still exist and willremain very important

Slide 31

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Changes

IGOSS

IODEGOOS

Data management data distribution and provision of products are key result areasfor GOOS In fact what is GOOSGOOS is conceived as

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 20

Slide 32

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

What is GOOS

DVXVWDLQHGFRRUGLQDWHGLQWHUQDWLRQDOVVWHPIRUJDWKHULQJGDWDDERXWWKHRFHDQVDQGVHDV

DVVWHPIRUSURFHVVLQJVXFKGDWDZLWKRWKHUUHOHYDQWGDWDIURPRWKHUGRPDLQVWRHQDEOHWKHJHQHUDWLRQRIEHQHILFLDODQDOWLFDODQGSURJQRVWLFHQYLURQPHQWDOLQIRUPDWLRQVHUYLFHV

hellip created by the IOC Assembly in 1991

Slide 33

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

GOOS Objectives

6SHFLIGDWDQHHGHGEXVHUVRIRFHDQHQYLURQPHQW

GHYHORSVWUDWHJIRUJDWKHULQJDQGH[FKDQJHRIGDWD

IDFLOLWDWHSURGXFWGHYHORSPHQW IDFLOLWDWHDFFHVVEGHYFRXQWULHV HQVXUH226LQWHJUDWLRQLQJOREDOVWUDWHJLHV

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 21

Slide 34

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

End-to-End DataManagement

3UHSDUHIRU226(7(0FRQFHSWXVHGE7633

The ETEDM implies a known or definable pathway of connections between a basicobservational element and the end use or purpose to which the observation isapplied Typically each type of observation has a range of potential applications andmost applications need more than one observation type So in designing a system toserve a given range of end-uses it is important to know how the observation will beused processed and combined with other observations to deliver and observationalproduct of value to the end userThe ETED concept is already used by GTSPP (global temperature and salinityprofile program) operated jointly by IGOSS and IODE GTSPP uses a continuouslymanaged database to provide for the integration of the real-time (low resolution) datastream with the delayed mode (generally high resolution) data stream

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 22

Slide 35

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

CRUISE

Low-resreal-timeIGOSS

helliphellip

Lab work

IODE system

helliphellipHigh-resdelayed-modeIODE

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

Slide 36

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM

ldquoCruise Structurerdquo

real-time helliphellip

Monitoring activity

IODE system

helliphellipQC flags

hellipMetadata

t

Observation

But here the concept of the cruise will be replaced with a specific monitoring activityat the instrument or system level

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 23

Slide 37

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

ETEDM goals

DWDPDQDJHPHQWVHQVRU 4ampPHWDGDWD LQWHJUDWLRQUHDOWLPHGHODHGPRGH LQFUHDVHFRRUGLQDWLRQGDWDFHQWUHV VLPSOLIPHUJLQJORFDOGDWDVHWV GHYHORSFRQWLQXRXVOXSGDWHGGE VXSSRUWPHUJHRFHDQLFDWPRVSKHULFWHUUHVWULDOGDWD226amp26726

hellipmove the data management closer to the sensorsupport quality control of ocean data and retain all available metadataintegrate real-time and delayed mode data and information processingincrease coordination between data centres and promote the sharing of datasoftware and responsibilities between centressimplify merging local data sets to form global data sets anddevelop a continuously updated databasesupport merge oceanic with atmospheric amp terrestrial data to link GOOS with WWWGCOS GTOS and Distributed Data Base

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 24

Slide 38

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

Where are wetoday

2662(amp65PHWDGDWD0(7633FRQWLQXRXVOPDQDJHGGE

ampKDOOHQJHEXLOGRQWKLVPRGHO

What has been done today

IGOSSIODE use cruise summary reportsWe have the Marine Environmental Data Inventory (MEDI) which has been given anew lease of life through efforts by the AODC and BODCAnd we have the continuously managed database of GTSPP monitoring the captureof real-time and their transmission around the worldThe challenge for the IGOSSIODE tandem is therefore to build on this modelimproving the linkages removing bottlenecks caused by duplication or data formatincompatibility problems and develop capabilities (eg establishing new data centres)through capacity building

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 25

Slide 39

ITOrsquo98- October 1998 IODE Growing towards a new era

) H[WHQVLYHQHWZRUNRIGDWDFHQWUHV

IUHHIORZRIGDWD JOREDOQHWZRUNRIH[SHUWLVH

PHWKRGVVWDQGDUGVSURGXFWV

87 QRVWDQGDUGWUDLQLQJWRRONLW

QRJOREDOVWDQGDUGIRUPDWIRUGDWDH[FKDQJH

YROXQWHHUZRUNRQO

Successes andShortcomings

Readadd volunteer work The fact that we deal with volunteer work has the advantagethat we can access a tremendous amount of know how For example whenever wehold group of experts meetings or we organize the IODE Officers or IODECommittee meeting extremely fascinating issues are discussed often it the reallytechnical level However although we then draft really interesting workplans theday-to-day duties of the experts make that progress is very slow We do really needan implementation mechanism such as the one proposed by Ben SearleThe fact that we donrsquot have a standard training toolkit is really an impediment to thedevelopment of new data centres

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 26

2 IODE INSTITUTIONAL COMPONENTS AND THEINTERNATIONAL OCEAN DATA SYSTEM(P Geerders)

Slide 1

1P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Institutional Components and theInternational Ocean Data System

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

2P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE ObjectivesThe International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) system has been

established in 1961 to

enhance marine research exploration and development by facilitating the exchange ofoceanographic data and information between participating Member States

Rationale

ocean basin and global processes

availability of an international exchange system to provide data and information from allavailable sources

local processes

access to data collected by other Member States in their area of interest

The economic benefit of obtaining data by exchange as opposed to collecting it oneself ishuge

Critical succes factors

support of participating Member States

involvement of many individual institutions and marine scientists

contribution of data and the necessary expertise to maintain and further develop the IODEsystem

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 27

Slide 3

3P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE provides

bull an infrastructure a network not only ofpeople but also physcial eg through theInternet (E-mail Web Sites FTP)

bull tools such as procedures and guidelines forinformation and data handling (submissionof planned research completed researchavailable datasets publications formats forexchange and archival)

bull services such as information datareferral advice and assistance

potential commercial value of information and data needs to be kept in mind

Slide 4

4P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network

bull managed and guided by committee underIOC of UNESCO

bull maintains close links with otherintergovernmental and international bodies(UN WMO UNEP EC IAEA IMOFAO )

bull focuses on scientific aspects butincreasingly also supports management ofthe marine and coastal environment and itsresources

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 28

Slide 5

5P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE network consists of

bull WDCrsquos World Data Centres (SilverSpring-USA Moscow-Russia Tianjin-China)

bull NODCrsquos National Oceanographic DataCentres (56 around the world)

bull RNODCrsquos Responsible NODCrsquos (10)

Slide 6

6P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of WDC

bull receive oceanographic data and inventories from NODCs RNODCs marine science organizations and individual scientists These data are collected and submitted voluntarily from national programmes or arise from international co-operative ventures

bull provide copies of data inventories and publications to NODCsDNAs to RNODCs and to international co-operative programmes as appropriate in exchange or with a charge not to exceed the cost of providing the service

bull monitor the performance of the international data exchange system and report their findings to the IOC Secretariat and the C-IODE The Committee can use this information to take appropriate action to correct deficiencies in the international exchange system

NOTE In general the exchange of internationally significant data holdings and data inventory information between WDCs for Oceanography and their counterparts is expected to take place on a regular basis without charge in order to keep the data holdings of the Centres identical

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 29

Slide 7

7P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of NODC

bull centralized facility bull providing ocean datainformation bull on a continuing basis bull in a usable form bull to a wide user community bull acquires processes quality controls inventories archives and disseminates data in accordance with national responsibilities bull normally charged with the responsibility for conducting international exchange bull actively seek and acquire from national sources those data which are exchangeable internationally and to process and quality control the data and submit them in a timely fashion to the appropriate WDC for Oceanography or RNODC bull can request and receive from the WDCs for Oceanography or RNODCs similar data or inventory information which they need for their own (national) requirements

Some Member States that have not established an NODC have instead officially assigned the responsibility of international exchange of oceanographic data and information to a Designated National Agency (DNA)

Slide 8

8P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

Tasks of RNODC

Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centres are National Oceanographic Data Centres who have accepted additional special responsibilities These can include specific data types (eg Drifting Buoys data) or specific regions (eg Southern Oceans)

RNODC-SOC (Southern Oceans)

RNODC for Drifting Buoys Data

RNODC for IGOSS (BATHY and TESAC)

RNODCS for MARPOLMON

RNODC for WESTPAC (Western Pacific)

RNODC for Waves

RNODC for JASIN

RNODC - Formats

RNODC - ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 30

Slide 9

9P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE committee work done by

bull Groups of Experts

[meet periodically continuous activity]

bull Task Teams

[work only by correspondence worklimited in time]

bull Plenary Session (about every 2-3 years)

[representatives of WDCrsquos NODCrsquos andRNODCrsquos with observers of relatedorganisations]

SEE IODE HANDBOOK

Slide 10

10P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Activities

Marine Data Management

Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue Project (GODAR)

Oceanographic Data and Information Network for Africa (ODINAFRICA)

Marine Information Management

Development of Standards for Marine Information Management

Development of Marine Information Management Networks in developingregions

Development of Global Directory of Marine (and Freshwater) Scientists

Development of Ocean Pilot database

Development of Marine Metadata Management System

Development of Marine Bibliographic Tools Cooperation in ASFA

Cooperation with IAMSLIC and its regional groups

Information Technology know-how sharing

Development Electronic Information Services

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 31

Slide 11

11P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Tools for

METADATA MANAGEMENT

Blue Pages

Irish EDMED

DATA MANAGEMENT

ArcExplorer

ATLAST

OceanPC

ROSWin

SURFER

Slide 12

12P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODErsquos Data and Information Sources

IODE helps you to find

bull marine scientists and institutions (GLODIR)

bull marine science related web sites (OceanPilot)

bull marine science related Internet discussion lists (ListServs)

bull information on marine science related conferences and meetings

bull what does an abbreviation (acronym) stand for (OceanAcronyms)

bull a scientific publication (bibliography)

bull marine science libraries (IDALIC)

bull useful websites (Training amp Tools KnowHow-KnowNow)

bull ocean data (Datasets)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 32

Slide 13

13P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998

IODE Training Tools

IODE Resource Kit

middot specific methods tools and systems (principally concerned with databases and software) that can be applied to all types of coastal programs middot a broad suite of training and orientation services middot the web version is a demonstration model of the full version which is being made available on CD-ROM

KnowHow-KnowNow

In this quick referral section you will find places to go when you need know-how to carry out marine information or marine data related tasks

Data amp Information Management Tools

middot specific marine data or marine information management methodology and technology middot information on a wide variety of software tools where to get information how much they cost middot in some cases the software tools are available from our server In other cases we provide links to the author or company that distributessells the product

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 33

3 IODE DATA FLOW AND MONITORING PROCEDURES(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Data Flow and MonitoringProcedures

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

Phases of a data acquisition activity

bull planning =gt DNPNOP

bull completion =gt ROSCOP

bull pre-processing =gt QAQC

bull processing =gt MEDIBlue Pages

bull interpretation

bull publication =gt ASFAASFIS

bull archival

bull exchange =gt IODE network

data access conditionsbull free and open sharingbull at no or low costbull available lt 1 year after collectionbull commitment for permanent archivalbull application of standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 34

4 IODE OPERATIONAL PROJECTS(P Geerders)

Slide 1

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 1

IODE Operational Projects

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 2

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 2

IODE Projects

bull GTSPP Global Temperature and SalinityProject

bull IGOSS Integrated Global Ocean ServicesSystem (with WMO)

bull GOOS Global Ocean Observing System

bull GODAR Global Ocean Data Archeologyand Rescue Project

bull QC Quality Control Manual

bull periodic training opportunities ininformation and data management

bull advice on and assistance with informationand data management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 35

Slide 3

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 3

GODAR Project and Achievements

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 4

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 4

IODE GODAR project

GODAR - WHAT IS GODAR

IOCrsquos GLOBAL OCEANOGRAPHIC DATA ARCHAEOLOGY AND RESCUE PROJECT

GODAR - WHY

bull fundamental importance and value of the databull risk of being lost to future usebull for compilation of global oceanographic databases

GODAR - AIMS

bull digitisation of data which is still in manuscript formbull archival of the data at two or more international data centres in digital formbull compilation of catalogues (inventories) of

- data now available only in manuscript form - data now available only in analogue form - digital data not presently available

bull making all data accessible on various media including CD-ROMs

GODAR - WHICH DATA HAS PRIORITY

bull hydrographic casts including all chemical and biological observations bull salinity-conductivity temperature-depth casts bull expendable bathythermograph casts bull mechanical bathythermograph casts

GODAR - RESULTS AT PRESENT

bull atlasesbull technical reports bull workshop reports (5)bull CD-ROMrsquos

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 36

Slide 5

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 5

New technology for data acquisitionRemote Sensing

Data Buoys

Paul GeerdersP Geerders Consultancy

IJsselsteinThe Netherlands

Slide 6

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 6

New technologies

some examples

bull Remote Sensing from aircraft and fromspace

bull Automated Systems on data buoys andremote fixed platforms

bull ADCP

bull towed ondulating systems

common aspects

bull high spatial coverage andor

bull high temporal coverage but mostly

bull non-standard output products

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 37

Slide 7

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 7

Common system elements

bull transducer (from geophysical variable to electronic variablecurrent voltage frequency)

bull digitising (from analogue to digital form)

bull multiplexing (combine several datastreams into one)

bull recording (record data on board for later transmission orretrieval)

bull transmission (transmission of full datastream to receivingcentre)

bull reception (reception of transmitted datastream)

bull de-multiplexing (separation of data from differentsensorstransducers)

bull pre-processing (translation of data into geophysical units andquality control)

bull processing (conversion into required format includingcomputation of averages etc)

bull presentation (display of the data in various forms and formatsfor specific applications)

bull archival (permanent or semi-permanent archival of the data)

bull distribution (to users and applications)

Slide 8

P Geerders Consultancy IOC Training Course Goa India 17-27 October 1998 8

Some aspects of Remote Sensing

bull 3 windowsvisible 400-800 nm =gt colour

infrared 1-100 micron =gt temperature

microwaves 1-100 cm =gt ldquowaterstructurerdquo

bull passive versus active techniques

bull platformssatellite (geostationary or polar orbit)

aircraft

high towers or locations

bull sensors and their data structure

radiometers =gt point data

scanners =gt line data

CCD matrix =gt image

Synthetic aperture =gt image

bull product generation requires

field data for calibration and validation

atmospheric correction (espvisible and infrared)

algorithm to translate RS data into relevant geophysical parameter

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 38

6 Data Information and Metadata(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Data Information and MetadataData Information and Data Information and MetadataMetadata

Slide 2

2

Data and InformationData and InformationData and Information

bull Data is the raw material

bull The raw material is processed

bull The result is information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 39

Slide 3

3

An Information SystemAn Information SystemAn Information System

bull An information system is defined as a set of rules usedto process data and convert it into information

bull The information system processes the raw data isuseful people

bull The relationship between data and information is oftensummarised in the Input-Process-Output Model

Input Process Output

Slide 4

4

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

ldquo Data ManagementData Management is the process of planning

coordinating and controlling an organisations

datardquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 40

Slide 5

5

What is Data ManagementWhat is Data ManagementWhat is Data Management

bull Data management is a philosophy ofndash managing data as an organisational resource

ndash treating data as an important sharable resource

bull Data management is the mechanism for deliveringinformation to decision makers

Slide 6

6

Data ManagementData ManagementData Management

bull The scope of data management ranges from dataacquisition to the production of some kind of output

bull Data management covers the storage transporttransformation combination aggregation of data andmaking it available to those who need it and have theright to access it

bull Data management ends when data becomesinformation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 41

Slide 7

7

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

bull ldquoInformation about datardquo

bull Metadata describes the content quality condition andother characteristics of data

bull Not the actual dataset itself

Slide 8

8

Example of MetadataExample ofExample of Metadata Metadata

bull A library cataloguendash Title of book

ndash Author

ndash Publication date

ndash Unique reference number

ndash Where to find it

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 42

Slide 9

9

Importance of MetadataImportance ofImportance of Metadata Metadata

bull Provides a means to discover that a dataset exists andhow it can be accessed

bull Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

bull Makes data more accessible

bull Reduces duplication of data collection

Slide 10

10

Metadata for Marine DataMetadataMetadata for Marine Data for Marine Data

Metadata elements include

bull Identificationndash name of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

bull Data qualityndash positional and attribute accuracy completeness

bull Distributionndash who holds the data formats and media

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 43

Slide 11

11

Two different approaches

bull Comprehensive definition of data elements to definemetadata including data transfer

bull Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

Metadata StandardsMetadataMetadata Standards Standards

Slide 12

12

bull Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)ndash standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

ndash lengthy

ndash compliance is difficult to achieve

ndash terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 44

Slide 13

13

bull International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)ndash draft international standard for metadata

ndash defines 2 levels of compliance

Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required touniquely identify a dataset

ndash title responsible party date language abstract purposeprogress extent keywords use constraints spatial referencesystem distribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe adataset

ndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citationinformation

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

Slide 14

14

bull Australia New Zealand Land Information Council(ANZLIC)ndash uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

ndash Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

ndash Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

ndash Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples ofExamples of Metadata Metadata Standards Standards

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 45

Slide 15

15

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Slide 16

16

IODE and MetadataIODE and IODE and MetadataMetadata

bullbull MEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationMEDI - Marine Environmental Data InformationReferral SystemReferral System

bull MEDI Objectives ldquoMEDI will provide the marine community with referrals

concerning the availability location andcharacteristics of marine environmental data to meettheir specific needsrdquo (1979)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 46

Slide 17

17

MEDI CatalogueMEDI CatalogueMEDI Catalogue

bull First published in 1979 - contained 86 datasetdescriptions from 40 institutions in 20 countries

bull Second edition published in 1985 - contained 219datasets from 64 institutions in 32 countries

bull Third edition published in 1993 - contained 247datasets from 40 institutions in 27 countries

bull All three editions were made available in printedformat only (as IOC Manual and Guides)

Slide 18

18

MEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot ProjectMEDI Pilot Project

bull 15th Session of IODE (1996) recommended thesetting up of a pilot project to ldquoTest ways and means of applying modern technology to

the further development of the MEDI system and on thebasis of these investigations to draft a specification fora revised MEDIrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 47

Slide 19

19

Existing Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata SystemsExisting Marine Metadata Systems

bull Review of three marine metadata directory systemshas been undertakenndash European Directory of Marine Environmental Data

(EDMED)

ndash Marine amp Coastal Data Directory of Australia (BluePages)

ndash Extended EDMED for Ireland

bull Similar structure for all these directories - only minorvariations

Slide 20

20

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryTheThe Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory

bull Main function is management of marine metadata

bull Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

bull Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadata guidelines

bull Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 48

Slide 21

21

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 22

22

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 49

Slide 23

23

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software

bull Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

bull Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

bull Two versions of the softwarendash compiled version requires MS Access 7 licence7

ndash run-time version does not require MS Access

bull Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 50

7 A Metadata Directory System for Marine Data(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

1International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

A Metadata Directory System forMarine Data

A Metadata Directory System forA Metadata Directory System forMarine DataMarine Data

Greg ReedAustralian Oceanographic Data Centre

Slide 2

2International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

What are MetadataWhat are MetadataWhat are Metadata

Data about data

Metadata describes the content quality conditionand other characteristics of data

Not the actual dataset itself

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 51

Slide 3

3International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Example of MetadataExample of MetadataExample of Metadata

A library catalogue Title of book

Author

Publication date

Unique reference number

Where to find it

Slide 4

4International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Importance of MetadataImportance of MetadataImportance of Metadata

Provides a means to discover that a dataset existsand how it can be accessed

Documents the content quality and features of adataset and gives an indication of its usefulness

Makes data more accessible

Reduces duplication of data collection

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 52

Slide 5

5International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata for Marine DataMetadata elements include

Identificationname of dataset geographic area of coverage themes

currency restrictions

Data qualitypositional and attribute accuracy completeness

Distributionwho holds the data formats and media

Slide 6

6International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Metadata StandardsMetadata StandardsMetadata Standards

Two different approaches

Comprehensive definition of data elements todefine metadata including data transfer

Minimum number of core elements to adequatelydescribe metadata

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 53

Slide 7

7International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)standard specifies structure and content of some 220

items to describe digital datasets

lengthy

compliance is difficult to achieve

terminology and length of standard discourages its use

Slide 8

8International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards

International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)draft international standard for metadata (Geographic

Information - 15046 Part 15 Metadata)

defines 2 levels of compliance Compliance Level 1 - minimum metadata required to uniquely

identify a datasetndash title responsible party date language abstract purpose progress

extent keywords use constraints spatial reference systemdistribution media and format

Compliance Level 2 - metadata to fully describe a datasetndash Level 1 plus detailed data quality processing and citation

information

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 54

Slide 9

9International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Examples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata StandardsExamples of Metadata Standards Australia New Zealand Land Information Council

(ANZLIC)uses a ldquopagesrdquo concept to describe spatial information

Page 0 defines the mandatory elements to allow users toidentify and determine suitability of a dataset

Page 1 describes additional thematic metadata

Page 2 describes additional agency metadata

Slide 10

10International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo ConceptThe ldquoPagesrdquo Concept

Page 1

Page 0

Page 1

Page 2

NationalMetadataDirectory

Jurisdictional or ThemeMetadataDirectories

AgencyMetadataDirectories

Dataset A Dataset B Dataset C Dataset n

Page 0

Page 0

System

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 55

Slide 11

11International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Directories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine DataDirectories for Marine Data

A successful Marine Data Directory must becomplete

easy to use

reliable

Should contain enough information for a user todetermine the suitability of a dataset

Slide 12

12International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages Data DirectoryThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Data Directory Data Directory Main function is management of marine metadata

Contains only the metadata needed to decide if adataset exists and is useful

Compliant with ANZLIC ldquoPage 0rdquo metadataguidelines

Additional ldquoPage 1rdquo metadata to describe marinedatasets

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 56

Slide 13

13International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Core MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Core Metadata Core Metadata

Lineage

Data Quality

PositionalAccuracy

AttributeAccuracy

Dataset

Data Currency

BeginningDate

End Date

Dataset Status

Progress

Maintenance andUpdate Frequency

Category

Field

KEY

LogicalConsistency

Completeness

Contact Information

Metadata Date

Additional Metadata

Metadata Person

Jurisdiction

Custodian

Title

Dataset Description

Abstract

Search Words

Geographic ExtentPolygon

or

Geographic ExtentName

Stored Format

Access

AccessConstraint

AvailableFormat Type

Contact OrganisationContact PositionContact Person

Mail AddressDetails

PhoneFax

Email

Metadata Organisation

Slide 14

14International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

Blue Pages Additional MetadataBlue PagesBlue Pages Additional Metadata Additional MetadataDataset

Data Content Program Information

Equipment

Category

Field

KEY

Parameter Description

Sampling Intensity

Sampling Method

Habitat Description

Taxonomic Group

Program CoordinatorOrganisation

Program Name

Program Coordinator

Platform Name

Publication Information

Documentation Reference

Online Link

Monitoring

Parent Organisation

Principal Organisation

Collaborative Organisation

Objectives

Clients

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 57

Slide 15

15International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

The Blue Pages SoftwareThe The Blue PagesBlue Pages Software Software Uses MS Access 7 as the DBMS

Includes a spatial query tool written in Visual C++

Two versions of the softwarecompiled version requires MS Access 7 licence

run-time version does not require MS Access

Software can be downloaded from

httpwwwAODChttpwwwAODCgovgovauau

Slide 16

16International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)International Symposium on Information Technology in Oceanography (ITO98)

ConclusionConclusionConclusion

Metadata is fundamental - not incidental

Metadata directories should contain sufficient detailfor users to identify suitable datasets

Metadata directories containing only core metadataelements are easier to populate and maintain

Ease of use and flexible search tools are essential toencourage use of metadata directories

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 58

8 Numerical Vs Textual Databases(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Numerical Vs TextualDatabases

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

DBMS

bull Structured information storage amp retrievalsoftware

bull Initially came into being for handling ofnumerical data like

rArr Stores inventory controlrArr Salary management

rArr Accountancy etc

bull Notable examples of well known softwares Dbase FoxPro Access

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 59

Slide 3

TEXTUAL DBMS

bull Deal with data whose major constituent istext

bull Offer many features normally found inword processing softwares

rArr Cut - PasterArr Insert - Replace moderArr Cursor movement

bull by arrow keysbull word by wordbull to beginning amp end of the field

rArr Delete field contents from cursor positiononwards or whole field

Slide 4

bull Handle fields of varying length

rArr Optimal utilization of HD space

rArr Freedom for defining maximum length of afield

rArr Freedom of defining databases for complexstructure

rArr Linking two records from same database

rArr Storage of data in ISO - 2709 format

textual DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 60

Slide 5

rArr Conglomerate date elements of singleconcept under one roof (field) keepingtheir identity

rArr Generate indexes on the desiredsubfields only

bull Offer repeatable field facility

rArrTo accommodate data elements of thesame field occurring more than once

bull Offer sub-field facility

textual DBMS

Slide 6

DATA ENTRY

bull Support multiple data entry worksheets

bull Automatically recall of last modifiedrecord or search result(s) for editing

bull Control characters for filing informationand search term delimiters

rArr using lt gt within the data fields

bull Scrolling fields for data entry of longerelements

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 61

Slide 7

bull Pick-list assistance for data withstandard structure

bull Help messages to assist data entry

data entry

Slide 8

DISPLAY FORMATS

bull Multiple display formats

bull Line break at word level

bull Data display formats to includecommands which produce

rArr Data (contents of given field)

rArr Actions (skipping to new line leavingblank lines amp columns lower - uppercase etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 62

Slide 9

rArr Numerical

rArr String

rArr Boolean

rArr String function help to link two records todisplay data as if it is from single record

bull Support different type of expressionsamp functions

display formats

Slide 10

bull Allow escape sequences to printdata in bold italics etc

bull Sorted output

display formats

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 63

Slide 11

DATA INVERSION INDEXING

bull Use of single index to allow search fora given term in any field

bull Index on

rArr Whole field

rArr Specific subfield(s) of a field

rArr Words in a field

rArr Phrases

Slide 12

bull Index terms for efficient retrievalbacked up by efficient index notingrArr Record number

rArr Field of occurrence

rArr Occurrence number

rArr Sequence number

bull lsquoStopwordrsquo file to prevent indexing ofwords not likely to be searched (like aan the or not and their these etc)

data inversion

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 64

Slide 13

SEARCH

bull Search expressions based onBoolean algebra consisting of searchoperators OR AND NOT

bull Search expressions built onrArr Precise terms (words phrases numbers

etc)

rArr Right truncated terms

rArr lsquoAnyrsquo terms (a collective term standing forset of predefined search terms)

Slide 14

bull Field level and proximity searchoperatorsrArr Same field

rArr All repeatable fields as single field (G)

rArr Within a single repeatable field (F)

rArr Terms within the field not longer than lsquonrsquowords apart (eg AhellipB (maximum twowords between A amp B)

rArr Terms within the field exact lsquonrsquo wordsapart (eg A$$B (exactly one word apart)

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 65

Slide 15

bull Parenthesis for expressive syntax

bull Specified field or group of fields inwhich the term to appear (egA(350 351)

bull Free text search for fields notindexed beyond Boolean logic

bull Display of searched results indesired format

search

Slide 16

bull Search byrArr Typing search expression

rArr Picking up terms from the dictionary(indexed list of terms)

rArr Recalling previous search expression (andediting if required)

rArr Recalling previous search set

search

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 66

Slide 17

bull Sort and print retrieved records indesired format

bull The desired format can be predefinedor to be defined for case specific

RETRIEVAL

Slide 18

bull Printing to support page layoutparameters required for a particularprint runrArr Headings sub-headings

rArr Page numbers or no page number

rArr Number of columns

rArr Line width column width

rArr Lines page

rArr End of column tolerance

rArr Data indention

retrieval

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 67

Slide 19

DATA TRANSFER ANDPROGRAMMING

bull Import amp export records from toother databases

bull Take backup

bull Programming with high levellanguages with additional library ofcertain functions and procedures

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 68

9 Distributed Database Management Systems(G Reed AODC Australia)

Slide 1

Distributed Database ManagementSystems

Distributed Database ManagementDistributed Database ManagementSystemsSystems

Slide 2

2

BackgroundBackgroundBackground

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 69

Slide 3

3

What is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database SystemWhat is a Distributed Database System

bull A distributed database (DDB) is a collection ofmultiple logically interrelated databases distributedover a computer network

bull A distributed database management system (D-DBMS)is the software that manages the DDB and provides anaccess mechanism that makes the distributiontransparent to the users

bull Distributed database system (DDBS)=DDB+D-DBMS

Slide 4

4

Centralised DBMS on a NetworkCentralised Centralised DBMS on a NetworkDBMS on a Network

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 70

Slide 5

5

Distributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS EnvironmentDistributed DBMS Environment

Slide 6

6

Distributed DBMSDistributed DBMSDistributed DBMS

bull A DBMS manages data stored on several computers(usually geographically distributed) through variouscommunication media (usually networks)

bull Types of transactionsndash Local Transaction accesses data only at one site which

it was submitted

ndash Global Transaction Accesses data either at differentsite than the submission site or accesses data at severalsites

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 71

Slide 7

7

Applications of DDBSApplications of DDBSApplications of DDBS

bull Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)

bull Airlines

bull Hotel chains

bull Corporate MIS

bull Military command and control

bull Any organisation which has a decentralisedorganisation structure

Slide 8

8

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Data sharingndash users at one site can easily access data at other sites

bull Greater availabilityndash failure at one site does not mean that the whole

database is unavailable

bull Autonomy of operation and control of local datandash reduces problems of data management and data access

to local component of DBMS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 72

Slide 9

9

Advantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBSAdvantages of DDBS

bull Ease of reconfiguration and extensionndash new databases and processors can be added to the

network without changing existing systems

bull Lower costsndash smaller computers can be used at each site

Slide 10

10

Disadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBSDisadvantages of DDBS

bull Complexityndash network architecture

bull Costndash additional hardware required communication costs

bull Distribution of controlndash no one persondepartment in control

bull Lack of experiencendash need specialised skills to implement and run

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 73

Slide 11

11

Network ArchitectureNetwork ArchitectureNetwork Architecture

bull Specifies how sites in the system are connected toeach otherndash fully connected

ndash tree

ndash star

ndash ring

ndash partially connected

bull Network typesndash LAN - local area network

ndash WAN - wide area network

Slide 12

12

Distributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS ArchitectureDistributed DBMS Architecture

bull autonomy - the degree to which the DBMSs ateach site have control over their operation

bull distribution - the degree towhich the database isdistributed

bull heterogeneity - the degreeto which the DBMSs ateach site are different

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 74

Slide 13

13

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replicationndash stores a relation at two or more sites

bull Advantagesndash availability

bull Disadvantagesndash increased overhead on update

Slide 14

14

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull horizontal

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 75

Slide 15

15

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data fragmentation

bull vertical

Slide 16

16

Distribution StrategiesDistribution StrategiesDistribution Strategies

Data replication and fragmentation

bull combination of the two

bull fragments can be replicated

bull replicates can be fragmented

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 76

Slide 17

17

Network TransparencyNetwork TransparencyNetwork Transparency

Transparency

bull the degree to which users can remain unaware of thedetails of the design of the distributed system

Goal

bull to maximise transparency so that users view thedistributed database as a single database

Slide 18

18

Distributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query ProcessingDistributed Query Processing

The distributed database should look like a singledatabase to users (transparency)

bull a query may require data from several sites

bull factors to considerndash cost of data transmission

ndash reliability of data communications

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 77

10 Quality and Quality Control of Oceanographic Data(Pankajakshan Thadathil Goa India)

Slide 1

Quality and Quality Control ofOceanographic Data

Pankajakshan ThadathilRNODC-INDO

National Institute ofOceanography

Dona Paula Goa

Slide 2

ldquo Oceanographic data is like an infant Unless care is taken it issusceptible to injuries ( errors) However unlike infants data is

immortal Once it is collected it remains as a source ofinformation for everrdquo

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 78

Slide 3

Data Collection preparation

Instruments CalibrationReagents Preparation etc H - Factor

Different Stages Sources of Errors Human ( H) Non -H facor

Data Collection Instrument Mulfunctions N-H Factor

Data RecordingDegitisation of Analougeto digital parallelax errorerror in analysis etc

H and N-H

Data TransferFrom hard copy to computerfrom remote sensors to receiving stationrsquos computer

H and N-H

Slide 4

Errors in general can be classified as

Random Errorand

Systematic Error

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 79

Slide 5

General Quality Checks Involved in Oceanographic Data

Inventory Level Checks

Position Datetime Vessel Speed Duplicateand Sounding

Data Level Checks

Visual Inspection Range Check Climatology CheckInversion Check Neighbourhood Check Spikes Stability Check Depth Reversal Duplicate etc

Slide 6

Typical Random and Systemtic Error

bull Random error = (St Dev Sq rt of No Obs )

bull Systematic Error = Bias

26 27 28 29 30 31 32Bucket SST ( C )

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

CTD

- S

ST

( C

)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 80

Slide 7

Vertical Profile

Vertical Section

Horizontal Distribution

Data - Level Check

Visual Inspection

Surface Transient

Spikes Fall Rate

Temperature Inversion

Neighbourhood

Climatology Nub

Wire StretchWire Break

Assignment ofQuality Code

IODC XBT

Data Base

XBT Data

Inventory-level Check

Position

Duplicates

Date-Time

Vessel Speed

Station Sounding

Quality Control Module

Visualisation

An Interactive System for XBT QualityControl and Visualisation

Slide 8

IGOOS Quality Codes

0 No Quality Control ( QC) has been performed on this element1 QC has been performed Element appears to be correct2 QC has been performed Element appears to be inconsistent with other elements3 QC has been performed Element appears to be doubtful4 QC has been performed Element appears to be erroneous5 The value has been changed as a result of QC6 7 and 8 Reserved9 The value of the element is missing

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 81

11 Geographic Information System (GIS)(PD Kunte NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Data Product Development Tools

Pravin D Kunte

e-mail kuntecsniorennicinData amp Information Div

National Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa - 403 004

Geographic Information System (GIS)

Slide 2

Geographic Information System

is a suit of hardware amp software which has capability to handle bothspatial and Non-spatial data concurrently

Four Major components are

bull Database Module bull Analysis Modulebull Presentation Modulebull Capture Module

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 82

Slide 3

G I S Data types and Modules

Geographic data

Physical DimensionGeographic locationAny Qualifying data

ATTRIBUTE DATA -- Qualifies Spatial dataSPATIAL DATA -- Physical Dimension amp Location

Geometric Entities Point line Polygon

Representation of Data VECTOR Vs RASTER

Slide 4

DATA CAPTURE

bullKey board entrybullManual digitizationbullAutomated input

bullImporting ImagesbullImporting DatabullVoice Input

Steps in Data Inputting

1 a) Digitizing Operation b) Auto Scanning (Point or stream mode)2 Import data from other sources 1 Projection 2) Scale3 Raster amp Vector

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 83

Slide 5

G I S DATABASE DESIGN

ATTRIBUTE DATABASE CREATION

Conceptual DesignbullApplication RequirementsbullEnd-utilization GoalsbullTarget Users

Logical DesignbullDatabase specificationbullDatabase ElementsbullDatabase StructurebullDatabase updation procedure

Physical Design Hardware Software requirements

G I S Package Dependent -----

||

Slide 6

SPATIAL DATABASE CREATION

bullDefine reference point and extent for study sitebullCreate Map in Polyconic UnitbullDigitize Theme from Thematic databullEdit and Topology BuildingbullCheck for ErrorsbullCreate separate Themes hellip Theme1 Theme2 etcbullAssociate other Attributes if anyhellipbullTheme ready for Analysis

Define Relation between Spatial and Non-Spatial data

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 84

Slide 7

SPATIAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES

Overlay Operations in Raster amp Vector based System

1 Feature Combination ---- Union amp Intersect

2 Feature Extraction --- Erase --- Clip ampSplit

3 Feature Combination amp Extraction 1 Update 2 Indentity3 Proximity Aggregation4 Spatial Aggregation5 Generalization

Slide 8

MODELING IN G I S

Modeling is a process of doing a systematic and logicalenquiry of the data for establishing the relationshipsbetween the variables

1 Methodological Models How a desired function could be workedout wing different operations in a sequen-tial or in a logically related manner

2 Mathematical Model1 Binary models using nominal variables2 Weighting models at an ordinal level3 Quantitative models using intervals amp ratio

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 85

Slide 9

QUERIES IN G I S

All Kinds of S Q L Queries at following three levels

1 Point mode2 line mode3 Polygon mode

Three levels of Queries

1 Logical 2 Spatio-logical 3 Model base

Slide 10

3 D IN G I S

Digital Surface Modeling (DSM) encompasses task like Understanding of Surface Characteristics

bullD S M GenerationbullD S M analysis for derivativesbullD S M Application

The Derivatives Obtained arebull3D visualization of SurfacebullPlanner derivatives like slops aspects ranges etcbullSpot heights amp surface distances

Applicationbull3D display of bottom topographybullCut amp Fill estimationsbullComparisons of different terrain

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 86

Slide 11

NET WORKING IN G I S

Network is a set of connected lines which are conduitsfor resources movement and are connected to each other at nodes

Elements are

1 Lines 2 Resistance 3 Resource demand 4 Turns5 Stops 6 Facility - Point 7 Blocks

Applications of Networking

1 Path determination 2 Resource allocation3 Distribution analysis 4 Utility locating

Slide 12

G I S can be used in numerous wayshellip

-- for processing amp integrating spatial data-- archiving amp managing data-- for displaying amp generating thematic maps-- for building scenarios-- for predicting impacts-- to simulate amp animate operations amp processes

and also to develop models to represent REALlife situation

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 87

Slide 13

G I S in Oceanography

Oceanography being a multidisciplinary study ofdynamic media within which various processes takeplace and interact over a wide range of space and timehas tremendous potential

State-of-the-art

ASFA indicates only 55 studies in Oceanography as comparedto over 2000 land-based application

Out of 55 studies --- 1 63 (35) studies pertain to coast2 16 ( 9) Near shore region3 9 (5) Open Ocean

Slide 14

G I S in Oceanography

Hurdles

1 GIS are designed and built for land application

2 Limited availability of good quality data of temporal nature and uniform density coverage

3 Diversified parameters lat-long time season depth

4 Relatively less physical objects few topo features

5 Media is highly volatile dynamic complex 4 dimensional

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 88

Slide 15

Thanks

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 89

12 Internet Evolution Spread Prospects and Tools(A Ghosh NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

QWHUQHW(YROXWLRQ6SUHDGQWHUQHW(YROXWLRQ6SUHDG3URVSHFWVDQG7RROV3URVSHFWVDQG7RROV

Aravind GhoshAravind Ghosh K KNational Institute of OceanographyNational Institute of OceanographyDona Paula Goa 403 004 IndiaDona Paula Goa 403 004 Indiae-mail e-mail garvindgarvindcsniocsniorenrennicnicinin

URL httpURL httpwwwwwwnionioorgorg

Slide 2

KDWLVQWHUQHWKDWLVQWHUQHW

Collection of thousands of computerCollection of thousands of computernetworksnetworks

More than 100 million users More than 100 million users

Growth rate 10 per monthGrowth rate 10 per month

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 90

Slide 3

7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW7KLQJVWRNQRZDERXWQWHUQHW

Medium for effective communicationMedium for effective communication

Research Support with informationResearch Support with informationretrieval mechanismretrieval mechanism

Cost and Feature flexibilityCost and Feature flexibility

Local as well as International EntityLocal as well as International Entity

Heterogeneous infrastructure andHeterogeneous infrastructure andappearance and usageappearance and usage

Not owned by any oneNot owned by any one

Slide 4

QWHUQHW2ULJLQQWHUQHW2ULJLQ

2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started2 Jan 69 - Work on ARPANET started

2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites started2 Sept 69 - Four ARPANET sites startedoperatingoperating

1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP1970rsquos - NCP was replaced by TCPIP

1983 - ARPANET and MILNET1983 - ARPANET and MILNET

July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15July 88 - NSF upgraded backbone to 15MbpsMbps

1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agencies1985 - Agreement with 4 corporate agenciesto strengthen NSFNETto strengthen NSFNET

April 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPSApril 95 - NSFNET was replaced with NAPS

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 91

Slide 5

QWHUQHW)URQWHDGHUVQWHUQHW)URQWHDGHUV

The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society

Commercial Internet ExchangeCommercial Internet Exchange

FARNETFARNET

Slide 6

QWHUQHW6RFLDOHYHORSPHQWVQWHUQHW6RFLDOHYHORSPHQWV

Internet WormInternet Worm

Slovenia IndependenceSlovenia Independence

Russian CoupRussian Coup

Internet amp PersonalityInternet amp Personality

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 92

Slide 7

QWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROVQWHUQHW5HWULHYDO7RROV

E-mailE-mail

Telnet - Remote LoginTelnet - Remote Login

FTP - File Transfer ProtocolFTP - File Transfer Protocol

ARCHIEARCHIE

GOPHER and VeronicaGOPHER and Veronica

USENET and Discussion ListsUSENET and Discussion Lists

Wide Area Information ServersWide Area Information Servers

Internet Relay ChatInternet Relay Chat

World Wide Web (WWW)World Wide Web (WWW)

TalkTalk

Slide 8

RUOGLGHHERUOGLGHHE

legitimate way of publishinglegitimate way of publishing

distributed object management systemdistributed object management system

unstructured and serendipitousunstructured and serendipitousbrowsingbrowsing

Search ToolsEnginesSearch ToolsEngines

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 93

Slide 9

6($5amp+72267lt3(66($5amp+72267lt3(6

SUBJECT TREESSUBJECT TREES structured and organized hierarchystructured and organized hierarchy

of categoriesof categories Maintained manuallyMaintained manually Keyword searchable indexesKeyword searchable indexes

Slide 10

6($5amp+72267lt3(66($5amp+72267lt3(6

6($5amp+(11(66($5amp+(11(6 LQGH[VL]HLQGH[VL]H XSGDWHIUHTXHQFXSGDWHIUHTXHQF VHDUFKRSWLRQVVHDUFKRSWLRQV VHDUFKUHWULHYDOVSHHGVHDUFKUHWULHYDOVSHHG UHVXOWVHWSUHVHQWDWLRQUHVXOWVHWSUHVHQWDWLRQ UHOHYDQFHRILWHPVLQUHVXOWVHWUHOHYDQFHRILWHPVLQUHVXOWVHW HDVHRIXVHHDVHRIXVH

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 94

Slide 11

6($5amp+(11(6amp$7(25(66($5amp+(11(6amp$7(25(6

6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV

LUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHVLUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHV

6HDUFK(QJLQH6HDUFK(QJLQH

0HWD0HWD6HDUFKHUV6HDUFKHUV

636HDUFK(QJLQH636HDUFK(QJLQH

86(1(76HDUFK(QJLQH86(1(76HDUFK(QJLQH

)736RIWZDUH6HDUFK(QJLQH)736RIWZDUH6HDUFK(QJLQH

ltHOORZ3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQHltHOORZ3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQH

KLWH3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQHVKLWH3DJHV6HDUFK(QJLQHV

0DLOLQJLVWLUHFWRULHV0DLOLQJLVWLUHFWRULHV

6XEMHFW7UHHV6XEMHFW7UHHV

HRJUDSKLFDO6HDUFK7RROVHRJUDSKLFDO6HDUFK7RROV

5HYLHZLQJVLWHV5HYLHZLQJVLWHV

6SHFLDOL]HG6XEMHFWXLGHV6SHFLDOL]HG6XEMHFWXLGHV

Slide 12

6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV6SLGHUV5RERWVRUPV

Spiders Robot WormsAltaVista httpwwwaltavistadigitalcom Excite httpwwwexcitecom HotBot httpwwwhotbotcom InfoSeek httpwwwinfoseekcom Lycos httpwwwlycoscom OpenText httpwwwopentextuunetca8080 WebCrawler httpwwwwebcrawlercom

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 95

Slide 13

LUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHVLUHFWRUEDVHG6XEMHFW7UHHVampDWDORJXHV

A2Z httpa2zlycoscom EINet Galaxy httpgalaxyeinetnet InfoSeek httpwwwinfoseekcom Magellan httpwwwmckinleycom Pointcom httpwwwpointcomcom Tradewave Galaxy httpgalaxyeinetnet Yahoo httpwwwyahoocom

Slide 14

6($5amp+(11(66($5amp+(11(6 $OWD9LVWD$OWD9LVWD KWWSKWWSZZZZZZDOWDYLVWDDOWDYLVWDGLJLWDOFRPGLJLWDOFRP ([FLWH([FLWH KWWSKWWSZZZZZZH[FLWHFRPH[FLWHFRP +DUYHVWURNHU+DUYHVWURNHU KWWSWRZQKDOORUJKWWSWRZQKDOORUJ

+RWRW+RWRW KWWSKWWSZZZZZZKRWERWKRWERWFRPFRP GHQWLIGHQWLI KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLGHQWLIFRPLGHQWLIFRP ([SORUHU([SORUHU KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLH[SORUHUFRPLH[SORUHUFRP QIRKLZDQIRKLZD KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLQIRKLZDLQIRKLZDFRPFRP QIR6HHNQIR6HHN KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLQIRVHHNLQIRVHHNFRPFRP QNWRPLQNWRPL KWWSKWWSLQNWRPLLQNWRPLEHUNHOHEHUNHOHHGXHGX QWXLWLYHHEQGH[QWXLWLYHHEQGH[ KWWSKWWSZZZZZZLH[SLH[SFRPLQGH[FRPLQGH[

-DGH-DGH KWWSKWWSZZZZZZMDGHMDGHFRPFRP (2(2 KWWSKWWSZZZZZZOHROHRRUJRUJFJLFJLELQELQOHROHRVHDUFKVHDUFK

LQN0DVWHULQN0DVWHU KWWSKWWSZZZZZZOLQNPDVWHUOLQNPDVWHUFRPFRP

LQN0RQVWHULQN0RQVWHU KWWSKWWSZZZZZZOLQNPRQVWHUOLQNPRQVWHUFRPFRP

LQN6WDULQN6WDU KWWSKWWSZZZZZZOLQNVWDUOLQNVWDUFRPFRP FRVFRV KWWSKWWSZZZZZZOFRVOFRVFRPFRP 0DJHOODQ0DJHOODQ KWWSKWWSZZZZZZPFNLQOHPFNLQOHFRPFRP

1HUGRUOG1HUGRUOG KWWSKWWSZZZZZZQHUGZRUOGQHUGZRUOGFRPFRP 1HWampHQWUH1HWampHQWUH KWWSKWWSQHWFHQWUHQHWFHQWUHFRPQHZVHDUFKFRPQHZVHDUFKKWPOKWPO

1HW+DSSHQLQJV1HW+DSSHQLQJV KWWSKWWSZZZZZZJLJLQHWQHW 1HW1DYLJDWRU1HW1DYLJDWRU KWWSKWWSZZZZZZQDYLJDWHQHWQDYLJDWHQHW

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 96

Slide 15

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Slide 16

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 97

Slide 17

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Slide 18

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 98

Slide 19

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Slide 20

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 99

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 100

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 101

Slide 25

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 102

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 104

13 HyperText Markup Language(PPissierssens IOC)

Slide 1

1

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Slide 2

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 105

Slide 3

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 106

Slide 5

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HyperText Markup Language

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Slide 6

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 107

Slide 7

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Slide 8

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 108

Slide 9

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Slide 10

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 109

Slide 11

11

HTML Tables

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Slide 13

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IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 113

14 Numerical Databases Over WWW(V Chavan CMMB Hyderabad India)

Slide 1

Numerical Databases OverWWW

Vishwas ChavanScientist

Centre for Cellular and Molecular BiologyHyderabad India

Slide 2

Databases over Web Approaches

db files to flatascii files Import and Host Live Connectivity

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 114

Slide 3

Flat ascii files on WWW

Oceanline ver 10 Publications ver 10

Slide 4

Oceanline ver 10 OCEANLINE is an online public access catalogue of books monographs

technical reports conference proceedings maps and atlases etcavailable at NIO Library

Files in Oceanline HTML files in varwwwhtdocsOceanline 1indexhtml is the main page

2classearchhtml allows you to perform search Oceanlineaccording to the variou classes

CGI scripts in varwwwcgi-binOceanline 1For the main search

fsearchcgi performs the start search nsearchcgi performs the search for next set of matches psearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches 2For the search according to classes

fclassearchcgi performs the start search nclassearchcgi performs the search for next set of

matches pclassearchcgi performs the search for previous set of

matches

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 115

Slide 5

Oceanline ver 10 DATA files in varwwwhtdocsOceanlinedata

Category Data file All areas totiso BooksMonographs biso Standards ciso Maps amp Atlases giso Conf preceedings Volumes kiso Dictionaries liso Numerics amp tables niso Technical Reports riso Thesis uiso Bibliographies amp Abstracts ziso isisfdt is the field tags identification file To add new data to Oceanline use the following commands at the prompt 1 cp olddataiso tempiso 2 cat newdataiso tempiso gtolddataiso 3 rm tempiso

Slide 6

Import and Host

Stores db - FoxPro Import to Lotus 123 Fetch into Notes Document base Host on WWW through Domino Server

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 116

Slide 7

Live Connectivity

mSQL MS ACCESS ORACLE

Slide 8

mSQL

Manthan ver 10 Daryavardi ver 10 Animalia ver 10

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 117

Slide 9

Manthan ver 10

Directory-based search engine forOceanographic information over theweb

Implemented using msql has adatabase called rsquomanthanrsquo and has asingle table called rsquoman1rsquo

Database = manthan Table = man1

Slide 10

Manthan ver 10

In varwwwhtdocsmanthanindexhtml is the main pageman1puthtml allows you to add records to manthan database

editmanhtml can be used to edit the records already entered in the databaseocnlnkshtml lists some oceanography and marine related sites on the web

manthanhtml gives mythological background of samudra manthanAbout_Manthanhtml this document

Lite scripts are in samudraHugheswwwmanthan

man1inhtml for accepting data into the databaseman1outhtml for querying the database

man1edthtml for editing the recordsman1uphtml for updating the records

showallhtml displays all records in the database

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 118

Slide 11

Manthan ver 10

Database is in samudraHughesmsqldbmanthan and has following filesman1dat is the main data fileman1def is field definition file

man1idx index field fileman1idx-url_in is the main index file

Slide 12

MS ACCESS

Plantae ver 10Win NT (Server Version) - 40Internet Information Server (IIS) ver 30 - Web

ServerMS-Accessrsquo97 (ver 80) - Database Active Server Pages (ASP) - Scripting language

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 119

Slide 13

ORACLE

SPMIS at CCMBWorkgroup version of Oracle 80 as RDBMS

MS Visual Basic 60 as front endActiveX controls (OLE controls) facilitate

visualization of Visual Basic application onWWW

ActiveX controls are in-built with MS VisualBasic 60

Slide 14

Thank You

Have a HappyData Management

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 120

15 Serving Textual Factual databases on the web(MP Tapaswi NIO Goa India)

Slide 1

Serving Textual Factualdatabases on the web

Murari P Tapaswimuraricsniorennicin

Slide 2

TEXTUAL FACTUALDATABASES

bull Primary resources

rArr Living resources eg Flora Fauna(taxonomic morphological distribution gene-banks etc)

rArr Non-living resources eg Geographicallyreferenced databases (satellite images ofphysiography temperature salinity etc)

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 121

Slide 3

Textual Factual databases

bull Secondary resourcesrArr Metadata Catalogue of cruise tracks

sampling stations etcrArr Human institutional Personnel directory

research projects job opportunities etcrArr Bibliographic OPAC published literaturerArr Links to websites Related institutions

Electronic journals Full text documentsetc

Slide 4

Textual Factual databases

bull Tertiary resources

rArr Socio-economic resources Policyinstruments treaties Fish marketinformation Exporters Importers etc

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 122

Slide 5

KEY ITEMS

bull Databasebull Search retrieve and display software

(CGI)bull User interface (HTML pages)

Slide 6

DATABASE

bull Structured information in any formbull Reliable databull Sizeable number of recordsbull Frequency of updatebull Multimedia component

rArr Graphics JPEG GIF files of pictures and filmclippings

rArr Audio clippings 5 minutes audio capturedat22 kHz in 16 bit stereo - 5mb WAV or AUfiles

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III - page 123

Slide 7

AUDIO CLIPPING FREEWARE

bull Real Audio Encoder(httpwwwrealcom) to generatecompressed RA files from WAV and AU

bull For best results install Real Audio Playerplug on the users browser

bull HTTP streaming to enable reasonable fastloading of audio files to the clientmachines

bull Real Audio Streaming server High Costs

Slide 8

SEARCH RETRIEVE ANDDISPLAY INTERFACE

bull Dictionary of keywords termsrArr Keywords from all fields specific field

bull Open search expressionsbull Boolean logicbull Ideal to retain information about previoustransactionsrArr Use of lsquoInput Type Hiddenrsquo feature supported

by HTML and to carry the details of queryterms in HTML forms through the searchsession

IOC Training Course Report No 50Annex III ndash page 124

Slide 9

Search retrieve anddisplay interfacebull Search on index files pointing to

appropriate records in the database forretrieval

bull Programs linked to HTML search formsas well as HTML output for display

Slide 10