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Land Art, Earthworks Environmental Art

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Smithson, A Nonsite: Franklin, New Jersey, summer, 1968 wood, limestone, aerial photographs, 16 1/2" x 82" x 110“ (right top and bottom) Chalk and Mirror Displacement, 1969, 6 mirrors / chalk from quarry in Oxted, England, each 10"x 5" (overall 10‘)
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Land Art, Earthworks & Environmental Art Smithson, A Nonsite: Franklin, New Jersey, summer, 1968 wood, limestone, aerial photographs, 16 1/2" x 82" x 110 (right top and bottom) Chalk and Mirror Displacement, 1969, 6 mirrors / chalk from quarry in Oxted, England, each 10"x 5" (overall 10) Robert Smithson (US, ) Spiral Jetty, 1970, Great Salt Lake, black rocks, salt crystals, Dia foundation collection Robert Smithson (US, ) Spiral Jetty, 1970, Great Salt Lake, black rocks, salt crystals, Dia foundation collection Summer 1983 with Artrek.High school summer program organized by Dan Collins and Charles Garoian. Fall Field trip with Laurie Lundquist, Mark Koven, and Dan Collins (Utah State University). Robert Smithson (left) at site of Spiral Jetty, 1970 Minimalism Post-Minimalism Stonehenge, England, over 5000 years old Nazca lines, Peru, high desert plateau
The Monkey between 800 BC and 600 AC. Robert Smithson, Floating Island to Travel Around Manhattan Island (1970/2005) 30-x-90-foot barge landscaped with earth, rocks, and native trees and shrubs, towed by a tugboat around the island of Manhattan, produced by Minetta Brook in collaboration with the Whitney Museum of American Art during Smithsons retrospective and on view September 17-25, 2005 (right) Smithson, Study for Floating Island, pencil on paper. 19 x 24 Alan Sonfist, Time Landscape,
NYC, 1978. Buster Simpson, Host Analog, 1991 present
Seattle, Washington Mark Dion, Neukom Vivarium, 2006
Seattle, Washington Agnes Denes, WheatfieldBattery Park, NYC, 1986 Walter de Maria (US, b. 1935) The Broken Kilometer, 1979, located at 393 West Broadway in New York City. 500 polished solid brass rods, each measuring two meters (6.5 feet) in length and five centimeters (two inches) in diameter. The 500 rods are placed in five parallel rows of 100 rods each. The sculpture weighs 18 3/4 tons(right) companion piece: De Maria's 1977 Vertical Earth Kilometer at Kassel, Germany, a permanently installed earth sculpture, a brass rod of the same diameter, total weight and total length has been inserted 1000 meters (.62 miles) into the ground. Walter de Maria, The New York Earth Room, 1977-present, 141 Wooster Street, NYC, interior earth sculpture, 250 cubic yards of earth, 3,600 square feet of floor space, 22 inch depth of material, Total weight of sculpture: 280,000 lbs Walter de Maria, The Lightning Field, , near Quemado, New Mexico, 400 stainless steel poles, 2 wide, average height 20' 7 " Overall dimensions: 5,280 x 3,300' James Turrell, Roden Crater, near Flagstaff, Arizona, in progress since 1980; (right) Roden Crater section plan Turrell, Roden Crater, East Portal Entryway, 2000 "I wanted to use the very fine qualities of light
"I wanted to use the very fine qualities of light. First of all, moonlight. There's a space where you can see your shadow from the light of Venus alonethings like this. I also wanted to gather starlight that was from outside the planetary system, which would be from the sun or reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've got this older light that's away from the light even of our galaxy. So that is light that would be at least three and a half billion years old. So you're gathering light that's older than our solar system." James Turrell Andy Goldsworthy (Scottish, b
Andy Goldsworthy (Scottish, b.1956) Stone River, stone wall, Stanford University, 2004 Andy Goldsworthys global Cairns
Cairn with clay wall, London - temporary Roof of NYC Metropolitan MA - temporary La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art - permanent Andy Goldsworthy, Woven bamboo, windy
Andy Goldsworthy, Woven bamboo, windy..., Before the Mirror, 1987, photoograph Goldsworthys photographs of art made on his walks in nature of stones, berries, leaves See also Goldsworthys art: Rivers and Tides, DVD available in Library Christo Javacheff, (Bulgarian-American, b
Christo Javacheff, (Bulgarian-American, b.1935), (top left) Package on Wheelbarrow, 1963, Paris, New Realist Christo & Jeanne Claude (French, b. 1935): (top right) Wrapped Reichstag, Berlin, 197195; (bottom left) The Pont Neuf Wrapped, 197585; (bottom right) Surrounded Islands, Biscayne Bay, Greater Miami, Florida, 198083. Christo Javacheff, self-portrait around the time of his escape from Soviet Bulgaria to Vienna then Paris in January of 1957 In all of his interviews the artist insists that his art is a scream for freedom. Christo Javashev, Man Posing, academic study, pencil on paper, , collection Academy of Fine Art Gallery in Sofia; (right top) Christo Javashev, Rural Worker, watercolor, 1956 at the Academy of Fine Art Soviet Realism, Andrei Milnikovs Peaceful Fields, won a Stalin prize in 1951 Christo and Jeanne-Claude, The Umbrellas, Japan-U.S.A., 1974-1991 Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Umbrellas, Japan U.S.A., 1984-91 Christo & Jeanne-Claude, Wrapped Coast, Little Bay, Australia, 1968-69 Wrapped Coast, Little Bay, Australia, 1968-69 Christo & Jeanne-Claude, Valley Curtain, Rifle, Colorado, 1970-729 tons of orange nylon Surrounded Islands, Biscayne Bay, Miami, Florida, 1980-83, May 1983 Christo & Jeanne-Claude, Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties
, September 1976 Christo & Jeanne-Claude, The Gates, 2005, 7,500 gates, 23 miles of pedestrian walkways in Central Park, NYC, a 20-year project Michael Heizer (US, b. Berkeley 1944) Double Negative , 24 thousand ton displacement, 2 trenches together are 1,500 feet long, 50 feet deep, and 30 feet wide Virgin River Mesa, Nevada.The work is known almost entirely through photographs."Un-sculpture: "There is nothing there, yet it is still a sculpture.- Heizer Heizer, Double Negative, aerial view (right) Michael Heizer, City, begun ongoing (photograph 1999), Nevada desert, two miles from the nearest paved road, funded by Dia and Lannon Foundations The museums and collections are stuffed, the floors are sagging, but the real space still exists Heizer It is interesting to build a sculpture that attempts to create an atmosphere of awe. - Heizer Teotihuacn, Mexico, between 150 and 450 CE Compare Heizers City (below). Artists father was an archaeologist. Heizer came up with the idea for City in 1970 when he was in the Yucatan studying the serpent motif in the ball court atChichen Itza. He was 26. Postcommodity. Currently on view at the Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art are presents two monumental installations by Postcommodity: Promoting a More Just, Verdant and Harmonious Resolution (2011) and Pollination (2015). This arts collective aims to question common national narratives and the commodification of nature, history, and culture. Postcommodity is an interdisciplinary arts collective comprised of Nathan Young, Raven Chacon, Cristbal Martnez, and Kade L. Twist Postcommodity. Repellent Fence Land art installation and community engagement (Earth, cinder block, para-cord, pvc spheres, helium). US/Mexico Border, Douglas, Arizona / Agua Prieta, Sonora. The Repellent Fence is a social collaborative project among individuals, communities, institutional organizations, publics, and sovereigns that culminate with the establishment of a large-scale temporary monument located near Douglas, Arizona and Agua Prieta, Sonora.This 2 mile long ephemeral land-art installation is comprised of 26 tethered balloons, that are each 10 feet in diameter, and float 50 feet above the desert landscape. The balloons that comprise Repellent Fence are enlarged replicas of an ineffective bird repellent product. Coincidently, these balloons use indigenous medicine colors and iconography -- the same graphic used by indigenous peoples from South America to Canada for thousands of years. The purpose of this monument is to bi-directionally reach across the U.S./Mexico border as a suture that stitches the peoples of the Americas togethersymbolically demonstrating the interconnectedness of the Western Hemisphere by recognizing the land, indigenous peoples, history, relationships, movement and communication.

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