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Magical Realism

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Magical Realism. World Literature. To begin…. Magical realism is a literary style that generally describes works that combine fantasy with reality to create a mythical occurrence . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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  • WORLD LITERATUREMagical Realism

  • To beginMagical realism is a literary style that generally describes works that combine fantasy with reality to create a mythical occurrence. Magical realism is often described as a unique product of Latin America, but German Franz Roh is actually credited for its inception. Roh introduced it into artistic discourse in the mid-1920s through the German phrase Magischer Realismus (Simpkins 141). Latin American authors were drawn to Rohs literary concept because it proved to be a suitable means to express the marvelous reality unique to their own culture (141). Laura Esquivel employs this technique throughout her novel in such a way that the mythical occurrences do not seem odd to the characters at all. The characters accept the supernatural incidents as a part of everyday life.

  • Magical RealismA definition: The frame or surface of the work may be conventionally realistic, but contrasting elements invade the realism and change the whole basis of the art.SupernaturalMythDream Fantasy

  • Magical RealismEvents don't follow our expectations of if/then, like most novels.If this happens, then this will follow.Things often happen without an explanation, or for reasons that we don't expect. Remedios the Beauty rises to heaven with her sister-in-law's sheets. No reason is given, and her sister-in-law Fernanda does not wonder how this could happen. She accepts it without surprise, and only regrets that she has lost her sheets.

  • Magical RealismDefies our expectation of fictional selves.In realistic novels, characters are given individualized names, personalities, and family histories. We identify with them because their specific humanity engages us, and their individuality resembles our own. Objects and places in magical realist novels behave in ways that they could not in a realistic fiction.

  • Magical RealismExamples of its popularity in many parts of the world just after WWIIJorge Luis Borges (Argentina, South America)Gabriel Garca Mrquez (Columbia, South America)Isabel Allende (Chile, South America)Gnter Grass (Germany)Italo Calvino (Italy)Umberto Eco (Italy)

  • Garcia Mrquez on Magical RealismThe question of what is real is at the heart of magical realism. This Implies that our notions of reality are too limitedthat reality includes magic, miracles and monsters. By making things happen in his fictional world of Macondo that do not happen in most novels (or in most readers' experiences either), Garcia Marquez asks us to question our assumptions about our world, and to examine our certainties about ourselves and our community. Because the magical events in Macondo are presented matter-of-factly, our own sense of what is possible is amplified and enriched. Ordinary objects and events are enchanted.

  • Garcia Mrquez on Magical RealismSuggests that cultures and countries differ in what they call "real." It is here that magical realism serves its most important function, because it facilitates the inclusion of alternative belief systems. It is no coincidence that magical realism is flourishing in cultures such as Mexico and Colombia, where European and indigenous cultures have mixed, with the result that ancient myths are often just beneath the surface of modernity.

  • Magical Realism vs. Science Fiction/FantasyThe crucial difference between magical realism and science fiction/fantasy is that magical realism sets magical events in realistic contexts, thus requiring us to question what is "real," and how we can tell.

  • Magical Realism in Art

    Rob Gonzalves

  • Magical Realism in Film

    Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon

  • Essential Question:

    How does Esquivels use of Magical Realism in Like Water for Chocolate affect the novel? Please use specific examples and write to of a page.

  • SourcesZamora, Lois Parkinson. Magical Realism in a Nutshell. Oprahs Book Club. .Harmon & Holman. A Handbook to Literature. 10th ed.

  • The end

    **These are two descriptions of what magical realism is****Marquez actually refusal of the label. He protests that he is not a magical realist but a realist, and that there isn't a single thing in his fiction that hasn't really happened to him or someone he knows. *******

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