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Mod7 jan2014

Date post: 30-Oct-2014
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National Child Passenger Safety Certification Training National Child Passenger Safety Certification Training Program Program Module 7 Module 7 Introduction to Car Seats & Introduction to Car Seats & Booster Seats Booster Seats 7-1
  • 1. National Child Passenger Safety Certification Training Program National Child Passenger Safety Certification Training ProgramModule 7 Introduction to Car Seats & Booster Seats7-1

2. Module 7 Objectives Identify NHTSAs Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 213. Explain NHTSAs car seat and booster seat recommendations. Name car seat and booster seat parts and functions. Determine how to select the appropriate car seat or booster seat. Identify car seats for children with special needs. 7-2 3. FMVSS 213 For children up to 80 pounds Vehicle and car/booster seat manufacturers required to self-certify Child restraint systems must pass 30 miles per hour frontal sled test simulates a crash 7-3 4. FMVSS 213 (continued) Padding, flammability, and buckle release pressure Permanent, visible labels LATCH with tether connector and lower anchor connectors Registration card and notification of recalls 7-4 5. Birth to 12 Months A child under 1 should ALWAYS ride in a rearfacing car seat. Different types of rearfacing car seats: rearfacing-only, convertible, and 3-in-17-5 6. 1 to 3 Years Children should ride in rear-facing car seats AS LONG AS POSSIBLE. Remain in a rearfacing car seat until reaching the top height or weight limit allowed by car seat manufacturer.7-6 7. 4 to 7 Years Children should be kept in a forward-facing car seat with a harness until they reach top height or weight limit allowed by the manufacturer.7-7 8. 8 to 12 Years Children should be kept in booster seats until big enough to properly fit in a seat belt.7-8 9. Labels & Registration Cards7-9 10. Car Seat & Booster Seat Parts7-10 11. Belt Path, Recline Adjuster & Splitter Plate7-11 12. Detachable Base & Adjustment Foot7-12 13. Carry Handle7-13 14. Foot Prop/Load Leg & Anti-Rebound Bar7-14 15. Best Car Seat One that:Fits the childs age, size, and developmental levelsFits the vehicle The caregiver will use correctly each time7-15 16. Convenience Factors Seat FactorCaregiver QuestionsNumber and position of harness strap slotsIs there room for my child to grow?Automatic or 1-step harness adjustment mechanismsIs it easy to tighten and loosen the harness straps?Rear-facing-only car seat versus rear-facing convertible car seatIs it more economical for my family to purchase a convertible or 3-in-1 car seat?Detachable base options on rear-facing-only seatsIs it more convenient for my family as extra bases can be purchased for every person driving my child? 7-16 17. Used Car Seats & Booster Seats Get a complete history. Work with owner to review seat. JPM A suggests replacing if older than 6 years AND no expiration date.7-17 18. Car Seats & Booster Seats That Have Been in a Crash NHTSA criteria: No cracks or deformities (dented or bulging surfaces) can be seen by looking at the seat. The vehicle with the seat installed can be driven from scene. The vehicle door nearest the seat is undamaged. There were no occupant injuries. Air bags did not open. 7-18 19. Common Selection Errors7-19 20. Special Needs & Car Seats Special consideration is required for a child with:A low birth weight or born prematurely Cerebral Palsy Breathing problems A cast Behavior issues7-20 21. Special Needs & Car Seats (continued) Approach and criteria for selecting best car seat remain the same as with any child: First option is to use a conventional car seat if it meets childs needs. Appropriate car seat selection should be made in collaboration with childs medical team. Whenever possible, consult a CPS Technician who has had Safe Travel for All Children training.7-21 22. Special Needs & Car Seats (continued)7-22 23. Child Behavior Considerations Caregivers will often request your advice regarding actions they can take when driving a child with problem behavior. The behavior may be caused by a medical condition or developmental stage. Support caregivers, refer to other resources, or consider a car seat with a higher weight harness, non-conventional seat, or vest.7-23 24. Key Questions Related to Car Seats & Booster Seats What is the age and weight of the child? Should the child be rear-facing or forwardfacing? Does the child have any special needs? What type of seat is it? Which type of seat should the child be using?7-24 25. Key Questions Related to Car Seats & Booster Seats (continued) Is it a used seat? Has the seat ever been in a crash? Are all seat parts and pieces in good working order? Are there any missing parts or labels? Who else rides in the vehicle?7-25