2. National Press Photographers Association Code of Ethics 1. Be accurate and comprehensive in the representation of subjects. 2. Resist being manipulated by staged photo opportunities. 3. Be complete and provide context when photographing or recording subjects. Avoid stereotyping individuals and groups. Recognize and work to avoid presenting ones own biases in the work. 4. Treat all subjects with respect and dignity. Give special consideration to vulnerable subjects and compassion to victims of crime or tragedy. Intrude on private moments of grief only when the public has an overriding and justifiable need to see. 5. While photographing subjects do not intentionally contribute to, alter, or seek to alter or influence events. 6. Editing should maintain the integrity of the photographic images content and context. Do not manipulate images or add or alter sound in any way that can mislead viewers or misrepresent subjects. 7. Do not pay sources or subjects or reward them materially for information or participation. 8. Do not accept gifts, favors, or compensation from those who might seek to influence coverage. 9. Do not intentionally sabotage the efforts of other journalists. 3. Minority groups portrayed as Criminals? 3 Stereotypes: Media View?Stereotypes: Media View? 4. Katrina Aftermath: Two residents wade through chest-deep water after finding bread and soda from a local grocery store. 4 Stereotyping: Finding foodStereotyping: Finding food 2005 Photo by Dave Martin for the Associated Press Caption for white people: 5. Caption Katrina Aftermath: A young man walks through chest deep flood water after looting a grocery store in New Orleans. 5 Stereotyping: LootingStereotyping: Looting 2005 Photo by Dave Martin for the Associated Press 6. FRED CHARTRAND / THE CANADIAN PRESS file photo Lack of Coverage in Media: Missing Aboriginal Women in Canada An RCMP study determined there were 1,181 murdered or missing women in this country over a 33-year period through 2012. 7. 7 Ethical Perspective Victims of Violence Rights to Privacy Eddie Adams: Vietnam Atrocity Vietnam war the first war to be televised 8. 8 Ethical Perspective Victims of Violence - Rights to Privacy Vietnam war the first war to be televised 9. 9 Ethical Issues: Violence and Privacy Often MeshEthical Issues: Violence and Privacy Often Mesh Kent State Tragedy 1970 by John Filo 10. 10 Ethical Perspective Rights to PrivacyRights to Privacy Dorothea Lange Photo Florence Thompson complained about her privacy violation Many profited from the photograph but Florence made nothing 11. 11 Ethical PerspectiveEthical Perspective Victims of ViolenceVictims of Violence Rights to PrivacyRights to Privacy 9/11 falling Man Many Newspaper Did Not Publish Because of Privacy Concerns 12. 12 Ethical PerspectiveEthical Perspective Victims of ViolenceVictims of Violence Rights to PrivacyRights to Privacy Oklahoma City Bombing 1995 Photo by Charles Porter 13. 13 Ethical Issues: Censored photo under George Bush Administration 14. 14 Government may try to suppress, but 2003 Abu Ghraib Rights to Privacy for Victims? Digital Trophies Were Used Against Soldiers 15. 15 Ethical Perspective: Double StandardsEthical Perspective: Double Standards US did not want to show their war dead but did show pictures of Saddams dead sons. However, Obama administration did not release images of Bin Ladan dead. Soldiers identities covered by Government 16. 16 Decisions about what images are shown in mainstream media? This photograph of Israeli children writing messages to children of Lebanon on artillery shells bound for targets in Lebanon caused outrage and but was not seen in regular media 17. What does future hold?What does future hold?
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