1 Japanese society started to try creating new governing system like Europe’s one. They succeeded to make it, but still there were some problems in a constitution . In 1921, U.S. held Washington Congress that invited England, France, and Japan. Its purpose included stopping Japanese expanding in Asia. In this congress, they agreed on respecting Chinese borders. In 1931, Japanese military blew up Manchuria railroad and blamed China for its cause, then started military movements in Manchuria. Japanese cabinet opposed, but public opinion and the mass media were affected by war fever and supported it. Japanese government, Cabinet didn't control military affairs. So they couldn’t stop this event and entire cabinet took responsibility and resigned. Next Prime MinisterTsuyoshi Inukai, tried to negotiate with Chinese directly, but he was assassinated. Then military occupied Manchuria and had Chinese Emperor making a declaration of Manchuria. U.S. didn’t admit Japanese action and sent an investigating commission with Litton. English, as a leader by Chinese asking and Japanese suggestion. In 1933, League asked Japan to withdraw declaration ofManchuria based on commission’ s report, but Japan refused that and withdrew League of Nations. Gradually , Japan became to be isolated. Japan withdraws from League of Nations Japanese Aggression By Masahiro Michigami Sakichi Toyoda He was a Japanese inventor who founded Toy ota Industries Corp. He lived from 1867 to 1930. He left many legacies in Japanese textile industry and is called Japanese Thomas Edison. He died when he was 63 because of death that is unspeciﬁed. Tsuyoshi Inukai He was a Japanese Prime who lived from 1855 to 1932. He worked as a leader of a movement to defend the Constitution and became a Japanese Minister in 1931, but he was killed by young naval ofﬁcers when he was 72. POLITCSMONTHLY F e b r u a r y 2 0 , 2 0 1 2
Hitler Takes Power in Germany The Rise of NazismBy Masahiro Michigami
After the Great War, by treaty of Versailles, Germany owed heavy
punishments. It damaged its economicsand injured Germans mind. At the endof war, a man named Adolf Hitler joineda right-wing group, and then he becameits leader and called it Nazi.
Their believe was to overturn theTreaty of Versailles. In 1923, Naziattempted to seize Munich, but it failedand Hitler was sent to jail. In jail, hewrote “Mein Kamph” whose points wereGermans were master race and neededmore lebensraum.
In 1924, after he leaving prison, herevived the Nazi Party. At first time,
Germans didn’t admit Nazi because of their radical ideas and they didn’t wantwar because it was just after the war. Butsoon later, German faced seriousinflations and Great Depression fromU.S. Both brought serious damage toGerman and gradually Germans’ mindwas changed and started to supportthem. In 1932, Nazi became the largestpolitical group and Hitler becamechancellor in 1923.
He arrested and murdered hundredsof his enemy and Germans were shocked
and felt fear of total obedience. In 1933the Nazis passed laws depriving Jews of
most of their rights and withdrew fromLeague of Nations. He also took command of economy and the numberof unemployed dropped from about 6million to 1.5 million in 1936.