RIZAL LAW & the
TEACHING OF RIZAL COURSE
REPUBLIC ACT 1425 SEN. JOSE P. LAUREL
Otherwise known as
the RIZAL LAW.
It mandates the
teaching of the life,
works, and writings of
Rizal in all schools in
He sponsored the said
He stated that Rizal was
the founder of Filipino
nationality and the
architect of the Filipino
nation, there is a need
to know and imbibe the
great ideals and
principles for which he
To rededicate the lives of the youth to the
ideals of freedom and nationalism, for which
our heroes lived and died.
To pay tribute to our national hero for
devoting his life and works in shaping the
To gain an inspiring source of patriotism thru
the study of Rizal’s life, works, and writings.
To recognize the relevance of Rizal’s ideals, thoughts, teachings, and life values to present conditions in the community.
To apply Rizal’s ideas in the solution of day-to-day situations and problems in contemporary life.
To develop an understanding and appreciation of the qualities, behavior and character of Rizal.
To foster the development of moral character, personal discipline, citizenship and vocational efficiency among the Filipino youth.
should be our
national and not
SHOULD BE OUR
NATIONAL HERO AND
NOT JOZE RIZAL”
In the Philippines our national hero, Jose
Rizal was not a man of war but a man of
Why not Bonifacio, considering that he led
the revolution of 1896 against Spain?
Who chose Rizal to be our country’s national
Why is Rizal our greatest national hero?
the concept of
A prominent or central personage taking an
admirable part in any remarkable action or
event. (Webster Dictionary)
A person of distinguished valor or enterprise
in danger, or fortitude in suffering.
A man honored after death by public
worship, because of exceptional service to
CONSTANTINO (1969) claims that Rizal was an
The TAFT COMMISSION of 1901 stated that,
not the Filipino people chose Rizal to
become our country’s national hero.
The contenders for the title then as National
Hero were: Rizal, Aguinaldo, Bonifacio,
The decision to sponsor Rizal was implemented
with the enactment of the following legislations
by the Philippine Commission:
ACT # 137 – which organized a politico-military
district and named it as the province of Rizal in
honor of the most illustrious Filipino.
ACT # 243 – which authorized a public subscription
for the erection of a monument in honr of Rizal at
ACT # 345 – which set aside the anniversary of
Rizal’s death as a day of observance.
AGONCILLO (1986) – pointed out
that Rizal was acceptable as a
national hero to the Americans
because he was a symbol of
assimilation, which was the
American Policy then in the
Unfortunately, there are still some Filipinos
who entertain the belief that our Rizal is a
“made-to-order” national hero, and that the
maker or manufacturer in this case were the
Americans, particularly Civil Governor
William Howard Taft.
Rizal himself, his own people, and the
foreigners all together contributed to make
him the greatest hero & martyr of his
CONSTANTINO said that there were other
factors, which contributed to Rizal’s
acceptability as the official hero of the
Rizal was already dead at the time the
Americans began their aggression in the
No embarrassing anti-American quotations
could ever be attributed to Rizal.
Rizal’s dramatic martyrdom had already made
him the symbol of Spanish oppression.
In the words of CONSTANTINO (1969) – Rizal
is a hero in the sense that:
He was able to see the problems generated
by historical forces, discern the new social
needs created by the historical development
of new social relationships, and take an
active part in meeting these needs.
He served the Filipino people by consciously
articulating the unconscious course of
GUERRERO (1998) – asserts that it is the Filipinos
who have chosen Rizal to be the symbol of our
nationalism as a people even before he died. In
choosing Rizal as our Filipino national hero, a
number of conclusions can be drawn:
Since the Filipinos love peace, they have chosen
to magnify a man of peace above the men of
Because Filipinos are lovers of freedom and
justice, they have given their worship to a man
who gave up all comforts and pleasures of peace
for their sake.
Filipinos prize virtue more than victory, and
sacrifice above success.
To GUERRERO (1998) – Rizal was the first
It was Rizal who first called the Philippines
It was he who taught his countrymen that
they could be something else, Filipinos who
were members of the Filipino nation.
He was the first to work towards the
unification of the Philippine archipelago into
a compact and homogenous body based on
common interests and mutual protection.
Rizal was born in the decade when other nationalist
leaders of Asia were born: MOHANDAS GANDHI,
RABINDARANATH TAGORE, and SUN YAT-SEN.
According to COATES (1968) – all the four
challenged the West.
Of the four, Rizal was the most remarkable because
his ideas matured at an early age.
DE OCAMPO (1969) - said that Rizal was the first
exponent of Asian nationalism since he was the
source of inspiration for the outbreak of the
Philippine Revolution of 1896.
The worth and dignity of the individual.
The inviolability of human rights.
The innate equality of all men and races.
The necessity for constitutional government.
Due process of law.
Popular sovereignty as the basis of all political
Faith in human reason and enlightenment.
The rights of the masses to public education.
Belief in social progress through freedom.
Rizal was the first Asian leader to assert that
the aforementioned ideas and principles be
established in Asia for the benefit of the
It was through Rizal that the basic tenets of
modern and social democracy were given a
major voice in Asia for the first time.
Thus, Rizal deserves to be called the FIRST
ASIAN NATIONALIST LEADER.
This was the period when the young Rizal
learned how to read, write and listen to
stories that triggered imaginative and critical
thinking on his part.
It was a period when the following values
and virtues were developed in him, such as:
INDUSTRIOUSNESS instead of IDLENESS;
CREATIVENESS instead of UNPRODUCTIVE-
NESS; RATIONALITY instead of BLIND
ACCEPTANCE; DIGNITY instead of SERVILITY.
This was the first turning point in the life of
Rizal. He was 11 years and was enrolled at
Ateneo Municipal, despite the objection of
It was the period when Fathers Gomez,
Burgos, and Zamora were unjustly executed
by the Spanish government.
Strengthening of his religious
Cultivation of the drive toward
Conception of the Philippines as his
Envisioning the Philippines receiving
light thru education.
Perception of the intimate between
religion and education.
This was the second major turning point in
the life of Rizal. It was this time that Rizal
decided to leave the Philippines to escape
He went to Europe and everywhere he went,
Rizal was always an observer and a student,
learning from everything he saw, read, and
He urged the Filipino colony in Spain to
prove that Filipinos can compete with the
Europeans in intellect and talent.
During this period, Rizal took part in the
Propaganda Movement, based in Europe.
This was the last turning point in the life of
our national hero, before his martyrdom on
December 30, 1896.
Rizal was exiled in Dapitan. It was here in
Dapitan, where Rizal demonstrated what an
individual can do and accomplish within a
short period of time. It was here where he
detached his connection with politics and
devoted more of his time in practical service
and usefulness to the community.