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The Impact of The Impact of Migration Migration
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Page 1: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

The Impact of The Impact of MigrationMigration

Page 2: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

Essential QuestionEssential Question

How do you examine How do you examine reasons and patterns reasons and patterns of human migration?of human migration?

Page 3: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

MigrationMigration

Migration is the Migration is the process of moving from process of moving from one place to live in one place to live in another.another.

Page 4: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

ImmigrantImmigrant

A person who moves into A person who moves into a new country. a new country.

Page 5: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

EmigrantEmigrant

A person who moves out A person who moves out of a country (exit)of a country (exit)

Page 6: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

ExampleExample

If Joe moves from Spain to France. He If Joe moves from Spain to France. He is an _______ to Spain and an _______ is an _______ to Spain and an _______ to France. to France.

Emigrant to SpainEmigrant to Spain Immigrant to FranceImmigrant to France

Page 7: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

Video QuestionsVideo Questions

1. Why do so many people leave 1. Why do so many people leave their home countries to start a their home countries to start a new life in America?new life in America?

2. Do you think the large 2. Do you think the large emigration from Mexico to the emigration from Mexico to the United States hurts or helps United States hurts or helps Mexico? WHY?Mexico? WHY?

Page 8: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

Push – Pull TheoryPush – Pull Theory

When one thing pushes you out of When one thing pushes you out of one location, another thing pulls you one location, another thing pulls you into a different location.into a different location.

Explains the reasons why people Explains the reasons why people migrate.migrate.

Page 9: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

The Irish Potato FamineThe Irish Potato FamineDuring the summer of 1845, a During the summer of 1845, a

"blight of unusual character" "blight of unusual character" devastated Ireland's potato crop, devastated Ireland's potato crop, the basic staple in the Irish diet. the basic staple in the Irish diet. A few days after potatoes were A few days after potatoes were dug from the ground, they began dug from the ground, they began to turn into a slimy, decaying, to turn into a slimy, decaying, blackish "mass of rottenness." blackish "mass of rottenness." The cause was a fungus that had The cause was a fungus that had traveled from Mexico to Ireland. traveled from Mexico to Ireland.

Page 10: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

"Famine fever – a variety of "Famine fever – a variety of diseases-soon spread through the diseases-soon spread through the Irish countryside. Observers Irish countryside. Observers reported seeing children crying reported seeing children crying with pain and looking "like with pain and looking "like skeletons, their features sharpened skeletons, their features sharpened with hunger and their limbs with hunger and their limbs wasted, so that there was little left wasted, so that there was little left but bones." Masses of bodies were but bones." Masses of bodies were buried without coffins, a few inches buried without coffins, a few inches below the soil.below the soil.

Page 11: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

Over the next ten years, Over the next ten years, more than 750,000 Irish died more than 750,000 Irish died and another 2 million left and another 2 million left their homeland for Great their homeland for Great Britain, Canada, and the Britain, Canada, and the United States. Within five United States. Within five years, the Irish population years, the Irish population was reduced by a quarter.was reduced by a quarter.

Page 12: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

Irish peasants subsisted on a diet Irish peasants subsisted on a diet consisting largely of potatoes, consisting largely of potatoes, since a farmer could grow triple since a farmer could grow triple the amount of potatoes as grain the amount of potatoes as grain on the same plot of land. A single on the same plot of land. A single acre of potatoes could support a acre of potatoes could support a family for a year. About half of family for a year. About half of Ireland's population depended on Ireland's population depended on potatoes for subsistence.potatoes for subsistence.

Page 13: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

Tenant farmers held short-term leases Tenant farmers held short-term leases that were payable each six months in that were payable each six months in some areas. If the tenants failed to some areas. If the tenants failed to pay their rent, they were jailed or pay their rent, they were jailed or evicted and their homes burned. evicted and their homes burned. During the time of the Great Hunger During the time of the Great Hunger (1845-1847), approximately 500,000 (1845-1847), approximately 500,000 people were evicted, many of whom people were evicted, many of whom died of starvation or disease or died of starvation or disease or relocated to mismanaged and relocated to mismanaged and inadequate poor houses. inadequate poor houses.

Page 14: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

The alternative to eviction, The alternative to eviction, poorhouses, or starvation was poorhouses, or starvation was emigration, which rose to over two emigration, which rose to over two million people from 1845-1855. million people from 1845-1855. Emigrants tended to follow their Emigrants tended to follow their families which were found mostly in families which were found mostly in Great Britain, United States, Canada, Great Britain, United States, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia. New Zealand, and Australia.

There were two ways out of this Irish There were two ways out of this Irish nightmare, death and emigration. nightmare, death and emigration.

Page 15: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

In a paragraph, describe the Irish In a paragraph, describe the Irish Potato Famine. Potato Famine.

–Describe what it wasDescribe what it was–Describe its effects on the Describe its effects on the peoplepeople

Page 16: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

HomeworkHomework

Look at the following pictures Look at the following pictures in the book and decide why in the book and decide why people would want to move people would want to move out of these locations. out of these locations.

Pages 79, 612, 628, 653, Pages 79, 612, 628, 653, 657, 668, 679, 705 657, 668, 679, 705

Page 17: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

Reasons for Migration Reasons for Migration

On each of the following On each of the following slides make a list of things slides make a list of things that pushed and pulled that pushed and pulled people to move. people to move.

Page 18: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

FamilyFamilyMany people migrate to be closer to Many people migrate to be closer to

their family and friends. It gives them their family and friends. It gives them a familiar feeling in a new place. a familiar feeling in a new place. When immigrants came to the United When immigrants came to the United States, they often moved near family States, they often moved near family or friends. This eventually led to or friends. This eventually led to entire neighborhoods full of one entire neighborhoods full of one specific culture.specific culture.

Page 19: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

ClimateClimatePeople often migrate to live in a People often migrate to live in a

climate that lets them live how climate that lets them live how they want. The climate affects they want. The climate affects what crops can grow, what animals what crops can grow, what animals can be bred, and even what kind of can be bred, and even what kind of house can be built. Some people house can be built. Some people even migrate with the seasons, even migrate with the seasons, living up north during the summer living up north during the summer and in the south during the winter, and in the south during the winter, to have more temperate climates to have more temperate climates year-round.year-round.

Page 20: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

Natural ResourcesNatural ResourcesPeople migrate to an area to live People migrate to an area to live

near natural resources they need near natural resources they need or want. They can use these or want. They can use these natural resources to help them natural resources to help them survive and trade them for other survive and trade them for other things they do not have. Middle things they do not have. Middle Eastern countries are near oil, and Eastern countries are near oil, and they can trade it with other they can trade it with other countries for things they do not countries for things they do not have, like timber and types of food.have, like timber and types of food.

Page 21: The Impact of Migration. Essential Question  How do you examine reasons and patterns of human migration?

EmploymentEmployment

People also migrate to an area People also migrate to an area because of job opportunities. As because of job opportunities. As cities grow, more people are cities grow, more people are migrating into them from the migrating into them from the country to have better and country to have better and more jobs. People also migrate more jobs. People also migrate to different countries to get to different countries to get better jobs at higher wages. better jobs at higher wages.


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