Greetings TENASTILIGN Hello (Literally May God give you health.) INDEMINALLU How are you? DENANOT Are you fine?
Greeting Answers DEHINA Im fine. DEHINA EGZABIHER-YEMESGIN Im fine thank God. ALLEN Im good (hipper than Im fine)
Other Greetings INDEMINADERU Good morning (Literally How did you sleep?) DENADERU Good night (Literally Sleep well.) MELCAM KEN Have a good day.
Useful Phrases SHINTI BAIT YETINO Where is the bathroom? WAGAU SINTINO How much is it (price)? ISHI Okay BUKKA Enough TUGIBIALLO Im satisfied. DEKEMOIGNAL Im tired. OW Yes YELLEM - No ZORIBEL Get out of here!
Ge-ez This is a precursor to Amharic. It is the ancient Semitic language that seems to have its roots in Arabia and India an indication of trade routes across the Red Sea. Like Latin, it gave rise to multiple tongues but is no longer spoken. Like Latin, however, it is studied by priests and used in church liturgy. Most Ethiopian major language groups are outside of this family of languages.
Politics of language Amharic was the language of the most recent kings. It was imposed on the country as a unifier but also as a reminder of who was in power. Most but not all of the languages of Ethiopia have elected, in this time of heightened ethnic awareness, to adopt the Amharic script to represent their written language a choice not available under the Amhara kings such as Haile Selassie. Some, including Oromifa Ethiopias largest single ethnic group - have chosen Latin letters such as those used in English. This is a deliberate stance of pride and separation born of a sense of struggle and oppression.
New Vocabulary Thank you amesegenallo Dollar birr (Also means silver) Water wuha National food injera be wut Metsahaf book
Verbs Basic Amharic Structure To want mufelleg I want ifelligallo You want (polite) yefellegallu He wants yefellegal She wants tefellegallech They want yefellegallu We want - inifellegallen