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BRT Trans Semarang - Sustainable Urban Transport...

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  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Sustainable Urban Transport ProgrammeIndonesia (SUTRI NAMA) and Indonesian Bus Rapid Transit Corridor Development Project (INDOBUS)

    Implemented by

    Udo Beran

    9 January 2019

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Contents

    Background

    Overview Urban Transport

    Public Transport Modes

    SUTRI NAMA and INDOBUS at a glance

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Background1

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    • In 2009, Indonesia committed to a 26% GHG reduction by 2020, and

    to 41% with international support

    • Transport is the 3rd largest source of energy-related CO2 emissions

    in Indonesia (23%; equivalent to 68 MtCO2-eq in 2005)

    • Due to strong urbanisation and motorisation trends, transport has

    become a significant challenge for cities in Indonesia. Car-oriented

    development is exacerbating air pollution, creating massive

    congestion & decreasing the quality of life

    • Most cities lack capacity, policy guidance and access to sufficient

    financial resources to plan and implement sustainable urban transport

    systems

    Background

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Overview Urban Transport 2

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Overview Urban Transport

    Roads/ Private Vehicles Public Transport Non Motorised Transport

    Status Quo in Indonesia and many other countries

    • Exponential growth of motorcycles and cars

    • Increasing congestion

    • Declining share of Public Transport

    • Substandard/ non-existing pedestrian facilities

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Overview Urban Transportmodal share urban area in Indonesia 2017*

    Type of City Number of City

    % Car % Bus%

    Motorcycle

    Metropolitan 11 19,8 27,2 53,0Large 15 20,0 7,0 73,0Medium 60 15,3 4,7 79,6Small 214 - - -TOTAL 300

    Target 2015-2019:• Public Transport Share from 23% to 32%.Policy:

    • National support to BRT development with matching fund from local government.

    • Technical Assistance on BRT

    Problem:

    ‣ Congestion increases in urban area, motorcycle

    dominates, public transport decreases

    ‣ PT share is low, only Jakarta with dedicated

    lane BRT, other 16 cities are mixed traffic BRT,

    ‣ Support from government for BRT development

    is minimum

    ‣ Limited funding options for development and

    operation and maintenance of BRT

    201020022000

    0 % -3 %-24 %

    28%52%

    55%

    2017

    25%

    -3 %

    *)Laporan RPJMN, 2017

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Overview Urban Transportroad classification

    Free of charge roads

    • Mostly for private vehicle owners

    • Demand exceeds capacity (because it is not efficient anymore)

    Toll roads

    • Usually only for middle and high-income groups

    • Faster flow

    • Space in cities is limited to build toll roads

    1. Space for ciruclation in a city is limited, thus cars are the most inefficient mode of transport in

    terms of space2. Induceddemand, increasingroad infrastructure causes increased traffic demand

    → Indonesian cities need efficient and affordable mass transit systems;

    A system that is able to carry high number of passengers daily

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Overview Urban Transportuse of space

    → Car-oriented development is not feasible and needs too much space

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Public Transport Modes3

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Public Transport Modes

    Conventional public transport

    – Mixed traffic(Angkot, Paratransit, system transit)

    Advantages

    • Easy to organize

    • Low entrance barrier (low investment and social resistance)

    Disadvantages

    • Slow speed and low attractiveness

    • Medium/ less capacity

    • Not competitive to other modes of transport (e.g. motorcycle)

    Mass Rapid Transit Systems

    – Segregated lanes(BRT, LRT, Heavy Rail)

    Advantages

    • High capacity

    • High speed (segregated lanes)

    • Faster than any other mode of transport (e.g. cars, motorcycles)

    Disadvantages

    • Entrance barrier (higher investment)

    • Institutional reorganization is needed

    • Support from national government

    Mass Rapid Transit Systems need to become the backbone of urban transport and is a

    pillar for a long-term solution for Metropolitan and large cities in Indonesia (also

    mandated by RPJMN 2015-2019)

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Mass Rapid Transit Systems BRT vs LRT

    BRT LRT

    Theoretical capacity 12,000 passengers/ direction (for

    single lane BRT, bi-articulated buses)

    12,000 passengers/ direction

    (for an 8 modules train)

    Investment cost Medium (e.g. Palembang,

    Rp 30 Billion per km)

    Medium-high (e.g. Palembang, Rp

    600 Billion per km)

    Operational cost per

    passenger

    Depends on exact system chosen, but dynamics hint to increasing advantage of

    LRT with higher demand. At levels expected in Indonesian cities, differential small or even non existent.

    Implementation

    duration (incl. preparation, tendering & construction)

    2 years 3-5 years

    Other advantages - Flexible to adjust (e.g. maintain high

    frequency at low capacity)- Ops. & maintenance experience in

    Indonesia

    - Maintenance effort is difficult

    (new system in Indonesia)- High use is needed from

    beginning on

    BRT systems are suitable to accommodate the capacity in most Indonesian

    Metropolitan cities

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    SUTRI NAMA and INDOBUS at a glance

    4

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    SUTRI NAMA and INDOBUS at a glance

    SUTRI NAMA INDOBUS

    Timeframe 2017 – 2022

    Total Funding – Grant 21 Million Euro (± IDR 290 Billion*)

    Technical Assistance 5.5 Mio Euro (± IDR 77 Bn) 7.1 Mio Euro (± IDR 98 Bn)

    Financial Component 8.5 Mio Euro (± IDR 119 Bn) -

    Matching Fund 17 Mio Euro (± IDR 238 Bn) -

    Source of Fund NAMA Facility:

    BMUB DE and BEIS UK (formerly DECC UK)

    SECO (Swiss)

    Implementing Partner Ministry of Transportation

    Secretary General(cq. Centre for SustainableTransport Management)

    Ministry of Transportation

    Director General Land Transport(cq. Directorate Tranportation and Multi-modes)

    Objective Transforming urban transport in

    Indonesia with a mix of investment

    measures and capacity-building

    provided through a national

    sustainable urban transport program

    Selected Indonesian Cities include in their urban

    transport structures BRT as mass rapid transit

    backbone and base for integrated urban transport

    systems contributing to an improvement of the cities’

    liveability and reduction of traffic congestion

    *1 Euro = RP 14.000

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    SUTRI NAMA and INDOBUS at a glancescope

    SUTRI NAMA INDOBUS

    Overarching Objective

    SUTRI NAMA aims at cities in Indonesia to contribute to climate change mitigation through sustainable transport

    policies and infrastructure projects supported by a national urban transport program with a mix of investment measures and capacity-building

    National Level

    - Establish Steering Committee (chaired by Kemenhub)

    - Establish integrated Multimode Transport Policy- Establish single and integrated Public Transport (BRT) Authority

    - Establish Technical Support Unit (TSU)

    - Develop Funding Mechanism- Develop Monitoring, Reporting and Verification

    (MRV) system

    - Develop framework for BRT system

    Sub National Level

    - Implement pilot MRV

    - Implement funding mechanism- Support the development of transportation

    pipeline in cities (± 20 programs)

    - Develop concept and dedicated lane for BRT in 5

    cities, estimated investment cost is IDR 3 Trillion- Provide social engineering

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Terimakasih!Thank you!

    Udo Beran

    Programme Director

    SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

    Jl. Besuki No. 21 Menteng

    Jakarta Pusat 10310

    Indonesia

  • SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS

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SUTRI NAMA & INDOBUS Sustainable Urban Transport Programme Indonesia (SUTRI NAMA) and Indonesian Bus Rapid Transit Corridor Development Project (INDOBUS) Implemented by Udo Beran 9 January 2019
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