Home >Documents >LED Lighting: Energy and Beyond LED Lighting: Energy and Beyond

LED Lighting: Energy and Beyond LED Lighting: Energy and Beyond

Date post:14-Feb-2017
Category:
View:221 times
Download:4 times
Share this document with a friend
Transcript:
  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 1

    October8,2016

    LEDLighting:EnergyandBeyond

    LEDLighting:EnergyandBeyond

    JonZelinsky,P.E.andDanBlitzer,LC,FIESPhilipsLighting

    Thissessioniseligiblefor2ContinuingEducationand 2ContactHours.

    Forthesehourstoappearonyourcertificate,youmust: Haveyourbadgescannedatthedoor Attend90%ofthispresentation Fillouttheonlineevaluationforthissession

    1

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 2

    October8,2016

    Lighting Drives Business Development

    Lighting as a catalyst for developing new business Energy savings in terms of demand and

    consumption Elevate your expertise with your customer Making yourself relevant and forward looking Manage risk for your customer and your

    business

    2

    LightingDrivesInnovation

    Smarteroffice,improveddecisionmaking,betterworkingenvironmentforyourcustomers

    Drivebusinessmodelinnovationforyouandyourcustomers

    3

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 3

    October8,2016

    Changing How Your Customers See You With Light

    4

    Overview

    Introduction Whatlightingcosts Whatlightingdoes ...andcando

    BenchmarkingLEDsystems Integratinglightingcontrols Whatlightingcandoforyou

    5

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 4

    October8,2016

    6

    Energy and BeyondEnergy and Beyond

    WhatLightingCostsConstructionPerspective

    7

    Design

    Material

    Labor

    Logistics

    Modifications

    Profit

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 5

    October8,2016

    8

    Material

    Labor

    Energy

    Disposal

    WhatLightingCostsOperating Perspective

    The Environmental Footprint

    9

    InstantFit LEDT8System

    29W*105 LPW

    50000 hrs RAL0.0 mg Hg

    Best Practice Today

    HighPerformanceT8System

    38W*100 LPW

    36000 hrs RAL1.7 mg Hg

    Good Five Years Ago

    TypicalElectronicT8System

    51W*82 LPW

    24000 hrs RAL6-8 mg Hg

    Good Ten Years Ago

    TypicalMagneticT12System

    72W*65 LPW

    25000 hrs RAL9 mg Hg

    Twenty Years Ago

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 6

    October8,2016

    TheTotalCostofOwnership

    10

    Basedona2lampsystemoperating24/7for12yearselectricitycostof$.11perKWHplannedmaintenance

    InstantFit LEDT8System

    $596

    HighPerformanceT8System

    $662

    OlderElectronicT8System

    $848

    TypicalMagneticT12System

    $947

    AnalyzingTCOO

    11

    ENERGY66%

    MATERIAL19%

    LABOR14%

    DISPOSAL1%

    TCOO MagT12

    OldT8

    HPT8

    LEDT8

    Material 3% 14% 19% 32%

    Electricity 88% 69% 66% 56%

    Labor 8% 16% 14% 11%

    Disposal 1% 1% 1%

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 7

    October8,2016

    WhatLightingDoes

    12

    Productivity

    Image

    Wellbeing

    Safety

    LightingforVisualPerformance

    13

    Illumination

    Comfort

    Stimulation

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 8

    October8,2016

    LightingforEmotionalResponse

    14

    Image

    AtmosphereSomethingNew

    LightingforCircadianResponse

    15

    Alertness

    Energy Sleep/Wake

    Relaxation

    HealthcareEducation

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 9

    October8,2016

    LightingforInformation

    16

    TheEdgeBuilding

    AssetManagement

    FullyConnected

    GranularControl

    UserExperience

    TheOpportunityDomoreforyourcustomer,buildrelationships,distinguishyourself

    17

    LightingqualityMaximumenergysavings

    Lightingbeyondillumination

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 10

    October8,2016

    18

    Benchmarking LED Systems

    TheKeyIssues

    19

    Lightoutputandefficacy

    ColorandconsistencyLifeandreliability

    Control

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 11

    October8,2016

    ChangingthePhotometryRules

    20

    LEDLuminaire

    FLRLuminaire

    AbsoluteforLEDMeasuresluminaireoutputMeasurespowerinputCalculatesefficacy(LPW)Efficiencyisnotused

    RelativeforConventionalMeasureslampoutputMeasuresluminaireoutputCalculatesefficiency(%)Efficacy:sourceLPWxefficiency

    IntegratingSphereGoniophotometer

    LightOutputandEfficacy

    21

    LEDLuminaire

    FLRLuminaire

    Luminaireoutput:4200lumensInputpower:38watts

    Luminaireefficacy:110LPWEquallightoutput32%lesspower

    47%higherefficacy

    Lamplumens:2800(2)BallastFactor:.88

    FixtureEfficiency:85%Luminaireoutput:4188lumens

    InputPower:56wattsLuminaireefficacy:75LPW

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 12

    October8,2016

    FLRSoftLight LEDSoftLightFLRParabolic

    Lumen

    s

    Lumen

    sLumen

    s

    3000

    Lum

    inaireLum

    ens7

    000

    Louver

    Basket

    Diffu

    ser

    Diffu

    ser

    50LPW

    Lum

    inaireEfficacy120LPW

    LightOutputandEfficacy

    22

    EfficacyinTypicalLEDLuminaires

    23

    LinearLowBay125150LPW

    HighBay90130LPW

    Site&Area100125LPW

    Downlight80110LPW

    Troffer110135LPW

    Pendant100130LPW

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 13

    October8,2016

    ReplacingIncandescentLumens,notwatts!

    24

    800lumenALamps

    60W 13W 13W12W10W9W

    650lumenBR30Lamps

    65W 16W13W10W9W

    Savings85%

    ReplacingHalogenLumensandIntensity,notwatts!

    25

    3200lumenPAR38FL 2100lumenMR16NFL

    250W 32W 50W 7W

    Savings86%

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 14

    October8,2016

    ReplacingFluorescentSavingsdependontheluminaire

    26

    3F32T8/741.88ISEB90SystemWatts

    3LEDT8/840.88ISEB54SystemWatts

    Savings40%

    WhatisLife?

    27

    Rated Average Life

    Criteria and methods

    They are not all the same

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 15

    October8,2016

    FailureinConventionalLamps

    28

    Filamentevaporatesfromheatandbreaks

    Startingemissionmaterialsputtersoffcathode

    InsideanLED

    29

    Nofragileparts! Lumendepreciation

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 16

    October8,2016

    FailurePointsinanLEDSystem

    30

    LED Array

    Driver

    Optics

    Connections

    PredictingLumenMaintenance

    31

    100 %

    90 %

    80 %

    70 %

    60 %

    50 %1,000

    6000 hrsMinimum test period

    10,000 100,000

    Reported TM 21L85 @ 60,000 Hrs

    CalculatedL70 @ 105,000 hrs

    Hours

    Luminous Flux

    Tj @ 63CTj @ 74C

    Smoothed test points

    Extrapolated curve

    Chip data is correlatedto expected luminaire temperature

    Data are illustrative only

    Reported TM 21L70 @ 20,000 Hrs

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 17

    October8,2016

    [email protected],000Hrs.

    32

    GeneralAreaRecessedandPendantLuminairesRecognizedbyNGL201415

    .70.80

    80.88

    >.95

    17%

    24%

    12%

    .88.95

    47%

    33

    Nonreplaceablecomponents Replaceablecomponents

    Separatecomponents

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 18

    October8,2016

    DriverLife

    34

    Highqualityreplaceabledriversaretypicallyratedat50,000hours(withintemperaturelimits)

    Lifedependsonthenumberanddurabilityofallofthesecomponentsandconnections!

    Everythingvaries!

    35

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 19

    October8,2016

    EverythingVaries

    36

    StandardorNormaldistribution

    Life(hours)

    Quantity Averagevalue

    MEDIAN

    MEAN

    RiskFactors

    37

    TemperatureOvervoltageoperation

    FrequentStarting

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 20

    October8,2016

    LifeRatingsofSomeTypicalProducts

    38

    15000hrs

    612000hrs

    1216000hrs

    2060000hrs

    4050000hrs

    1550000hrs

    4080000hrsRatingsvary bytype

    TheColorinWhiteLEDs

    WhiteLEDsusephosphorconversion EnergyfromtheblueLEDpumpshiftsinwavelength Bluepump+convertedlight=white

    39

    CoolWhite4000K WarmWhite3000K

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 21

    October8,2016

    ColorTemperatureColorTemperatureexpressesthetoneofwhiteness,fromwarmtocool

    40

    CCT=30152200

    6500

    2700

    3000

    5000

    Tight binning within 3 MacAdam Ellipses

    ANSI Bins include 7 MacAdam

    Ellipses

    Advanced LED chip

    ColorConsistency

    41

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 22

    October8,2016

    CRIratesalightsourceon8colorsamplesagainstareferenceofthesameCCT.CRIof100(maximum)meansaperfectmatchwiththereferencesource.

    Testsource3000KLED

    ReferenceBBR3000K

    ColorRenderingIndex

    42

    LEDvs.Incandescent

    43

    Tone... Yes

    Color... Notexactly

    Beam...Notexactly

    Thatdepends...WhichLEDsApplicationObjectcolorsDimming

    Dotheymatch? WillyoulikeLED?

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 23

    October8,2016

    LEDvs.Fluorescent

    44

    Tone... Yes

    Color...Notexactly

    Beam...Notexactly

    Thatdepends...WhichLEDsApplicationObjectcolorsDimming

    Dotheymatch? WillyoulikeLED?

    45

    Integrating Controls

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 24

    October8,2016

    DriversforControls

    46

    Youhaveto:codesrequirecontrols

    Itpaysto:controlsreduceenergycost

    Youwantto:adjustlightingtoimproveHABI

    BUILDING STANDARDS

    TITLE 24

    CodesandControls

    47

    90.11999

    90.12001

    90.12004

    90.12007

    90.12010

    ExteriorSetback

    ExteriorSetback

    AutomaticDaylight

    AutomaticDaylight

    LightReduction

    LightReduction

    VacancySensor

    VacancySensor

    ExteriorPhotocell

    ExteriorPhotocell

    OccupancySensor

    OccupancySensor

    SpaceControl

    Space Control

    AutoShutOff

    AutoShutOff

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 25

    October8,2016

    EnergyCodeAdoptionFromBuildingCodesAssistanceProject(112015)

    48

    90.12013(2)90.12010(16)90.12007(24)90.12004(13)Nocurrentcode(11)

    ControlsandStandard90.1 AutomaticShutOff

    Occupancy,TimeSchedule,orSignal Zones

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 26

    October8,2016

    Mood &Atmosphere TaskTuning EnergySavingMultiscenedimmingColor Tuning

    VisualLightCommunicationTwoWayData

    MultiscenedimmingIndividual dimming

    OccupancybasedTimebasedMultilevelDaylightharvestingLumenmaintenanceLoadshedding

    ObjectivesandStrategies

    50

    BeyondIllumination

    ControlNarrative

    51

    ControlMethod Manual Automatic Overrides

    Connectivity Standalone Independentnetwork Connectednetwork

    MethodEffect

    Manual Automatic

    On/Off Switch Occupancy Sensor

    Variable Dimmer Daylight Harvesting

    ControlEffect On/Off Variable

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 27

    October8,2016

    DimmingLEDLamps

    52

    ACPoweristheDimmingSignaltothedriver

    DCpowerforreducedoutput

    toLEDs

    Dimmer Driver LEDArray

    60%

    PulseWidthModulationcontrolsvoltagetotheLEDreducingoutput

    40%

    IncandescentorForwardPhasedimmer.Highinrushcurrentateachcycleaffectselectronics

    ElectronicLowVoltage(ELV)orReversePhasedimmer.Lowinrushcurrentfavorselectronics

    DimmingLEDLuminaires

    53

    ACPower DCpowerforreducedoutput

    toLEDsDimmer

    withon/offcontrol

    Driver LEDArray

    Controlsignal010VDALIDMX

    60%

    PulseWidthModulationcontrolsvoltagetotheLEDreducingoutput

    40%

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 28

    October8,2016

    DimmingFluorescent

    54

    BallastreducesthearccurrenttoreduceUVemissionandlightoutput

    Ballastmaintainsfilamentcurrenttopreventemitterdepletionandmaintainlamplife

    ControlProtocols

    55

    Protocol TypicalApplication Strengths/Weaknesses

    Phasecontrol Retrofitlampsandresidentialluminaires

    +Convenience Compatibility/performance

    Powerline Retrofitof switchedloads +Convenience Limitedoptions

    010V StandardforLEDdriversWallboxorpanelsystems

    +Familiarity, materialcost Installationcost,performance

    DALI Basicdigitalforarchitecturalcontrol

    +Easy toreconfigure,lesslabor Highermaterialcostthan010V

    DMX Basicdigitalforentertainmentapplications

    +Fast response,multiplechannels Notyetwidelyusedinarchitecture

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 29

    October8,2016

    StandAloneControlSimplepresencedetection

    56

    Load

    SensorSwitch/Relay

    WallboxSensor/PowerPack

    Wireless

    AutoONAutoOFF

    Occupancy

    ManualONAutoOFFVacancy PassiveInfrared(PIR)

    UltrasonicMultipleTechnology

    Daylightsensor

    Multielement

    lens

    IRdetector

    RelayICchip

    Controlboard

    PIRrequireslineofsightTheyaresmallandeconomical

    Gateways

    Manager

    Apps

    Dashboard

    BMS

    FullyNetworkedSystem

    57

    Cabinet LoadControllers

    Networkinterface SensorsKeypads/Screen

    Networkprotocol

    LightingLoads

    Controlprotocol

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 30

    October8,2016

    TheGapinControlApplications

    58

    PrivateOfficesStandalonecontrolsVacancywithPhotocell

    ConferenceRoomsMultiscenesystemsZonesandinterfaces

    OpenOfficesLargelyONallthetimetodayWhyissomuchspaceuncontrolled?

    LIMITEDSAVINGSZonedsensorsleavealllightsonwhenalittlespaceisoccupied

    COSTLYDesign,equipment,wiring,commissioningreducetheROI

    DAYLIGHTDIFFICULTYDeliveringpromisedperformancehasbeendisappointing

    DISCOMFORTFixturesensorspoponandoff;occupantsworkinapooloflight

    TheChallengeinOpenOffices

    59

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 31

    October8,2016

    Integrated,SmartControlSchematic

    60

    Controllerwithwirelessconnection

    Smartcontrollerwithpreprogrammed,applicationspecificalgorithmicperformance

    Individual,embeddedPIRpresencedetectorandphotosensor

    Wirelessmeshcommunication

    Dimmingdriver

    AutomaticGranularDimming

    61

    Arrival:thegroupofluminairesturnsontobackgroundlevel

    Worktime:asoccupantssettledownlightsdimuptotasklevel

    Intermittentvacancy:asworkersmoveaway,theirlightsdimdown

    Endofday:whenthegroupareaisentirelyemptylightsturnoff

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 32

    October8,2016

    CombinedEnergySavings75%isrealisticformanyapplications

    62

    LEDTechnology100+LPW

    Reducespower4060%

    WirelessControlsOccupancy+DaylightReducesenergy4060%

    Combined75%energysavings

    ExistingEnergyConsumption

    TunableWhiteLightingThreeApproaches

    63

    IncandescentEmulation

    SpecialLEDarraysdimintensityandwarmthecoloratthesametime,idealforhospitalityapplications.

    Mainstream

    ThissystemcontrolswarmandcoolLEDs

    separately forindependentcontrolofcolorandintensity.

    HighPerformance

    Fourchannels(RGBW)andsophisticated

    controlprovideprecisecolorpointsandspecialcoloredlighteffects.

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 33

    October8,2016

    TwoChannelTunableWhite

    64

    Separate controlofintensityandcolor

    6500K

    2700K

    TunableWhiteLuminaires

    65

    LEDarraywithaddressablewarmandcoolemitters

    LuminaireswitharraysusingbothwarmandcoolLEDs,dualdriversanddigitalcontrol

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 34

    October8,2016

    CircadianRhythmLightaffectsourphysiology...Independentlyofthevisualsystem

    66

    BiologicalclockSleep/wakeAlertnessImmunesystems

    MelatoninandCortisol

    67

    Melatoninisabsent/lowduringdaytime,dimlightmelatoninonsetstarts~9pmandismeasuredinsalivaorblood,itsmajormetabolitecanbemeasuredinmorningurine.

    Cortisolisthealertnesshormone,itrisesduringthedayandfallsatnight.

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 35

    October8,2016

    TunableWhiteinPracticeDosageandApplications

    DosageParameters Howmuchlight Exposuretime Whenyoureceivethelightduringtheday Spectralcontentupoflight

    Applications Sleepregulation Seniorliving Classrooms Conferenceareas

    68

    Enhancedcontrol Precisecolorpoints BBLtracking Dynamiccolor

    FourChannelTunableWhite

    69

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 36

    October8,2016

    IncandescentEmulation

    SpecialLEDwithwhiteandamberchips ClosertoincandescentthanstandardLED Colorandintensitydimtogether

    70

    2200

    2300

    2400

    2500

    2600

    2700

    2800

    0%20%40%60%80%100%

    WarmGlow Incandescent

    ConnectedLightingSystemsDriversandbenefitsoftwowaycommunication

    Workplaceflexibility Spatialoptimization Systemefficiency Sustainability

    71

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 37

    October8,2016

    Adigitalceilinginfrastructureaspathwayforinformation

    Everymobilephoneapersonalserviceportal,locationbased

    Indoorpositioningforadvancedin

    contextinformationandindoornavigation

    Widerangeofsensorstolearnfromtheindoorenvironment

    Imagine...

    72

    PersonalcontroloflightViasmartphonestosuituserstasksandpreferences,eveninopenplanoffices

    WayfindingLightingsystemcanactasan indoorpositioninggrid,enablinguserstofindemptymeetingrooms

    viaanappBuildingusagedataLightingfixturesprovideoccupancydatathatfacilitymanagercanusetoincrease energyefficacy

    Firstfloor

    SecondfloorGroundfloor

    WhatConnectedLightingCanDo

    73

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 38

    October8,2016

    Serverlighting

    EnvisionManagerfrontendsoftware

    Interfaces(APIs)

    RouterGatewayPoEswitchLuminairewithsensor

    Location

    Commissioning

    Ownedbythetenant/facilitymanagerOwnedbypropertyowner/developer

    Personalcontrolapp(PCA)

    AnalyticsandoptimizationFunctionalinfrastructure

    BMSinterfaceDynalite

    (Hybrid)

    Wireless(2016)

    Complementarysolutions

    HowitAllConnects

    74

    PoE Downlight

    EnvisionGateway

    EnvisionManagerPCA

    (personalcontrolapplication)

    ActiLume LRI1663Sensor

    PoE TrofferJACEbox(optional)

    Router

    POESwitch

    SystemComponents

    75

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 39

    October8,2016

    VisibleLightCommunication

    Communicatesdatathroughthelightitself

    Moreaccuratepositioningusinghighlygranularlightinggrid

    Officeworkerscontrollightingandcomfortlevelsviaasmartphoneapp

    76

    VisibleLightCommunication

    77

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 40

    October8,2016

    WhatLightingCanDoforYOUDomoreforyourcustomer,buildrelationships,distinguishyourself

    78

    LightingqualityMaximumenergysavings

    Lightingbeyondillumination BusinessDevelopment

    WhatLightingCanDoforYOUDomoreforyourcustomer,buildrelationships,distinguishyourself

    79

    Findtherightpartnerwiththeexpertisetoelevateyourbusinessthatelevatesyourvaluetoyourcustomer

  • ForReferenceofNECA2016BostonAttendeesOnly 41

    October8,2016

    RecapandQuestions

    Introduction Whatlightingcosts Whatlightingdoes ...andcando BenchmarkingLEDsystems Integratinglightingcontrols Whatlightingcandoforyou Questions?

    80

    Thankyou

    Dontforget

    10:15 11:30am OpeningGeneralSessionwithDorisKearnsGoodwin

    11:30am 5:00pm NECAShowHours

    Visitusinbooth#1301

of 41/41
For Reference of NECA 2016 Boston Attendees Only 1 October 8, 2016 LED Lighting: Energy and Beyond LED Lighting: Energy and Beyond Jon Zelinsky, P.E. and Dan Blitzer, LC, FIES Philips Lighting This session is eligible for 2 Continuing Education and 2 Contact Hours. For these hours to appear on your certificate, you must: Have your badge scanned at the door Attend 90% of this presentation Fill out the online evaluation for this session 1
Embed Size (px)
Recommended