2. Resume Writing Resume or CV is the most importantdocument in
the job hunting process; it is thefirst introduction of the
candidate to theemployer, and explains the candidatesbackground. It
should be well laid out.
3. Know the purpose of your resume Companies receive tons of
resumes andreviewing them is a tedious task. Make yours easy to
read, simple, crisp and tothe point. It is a good idea to make your
resumecompany-specific and particularly highlightthose qualities
that you feel the company islooking for.
4. Back up your qualities and strengths Use bullets to list
your achievements. Do not list responsibilities as that becomeslong
and boring to read. Ensure that you list the most
importantachievements first and provide relevant data.
5. Achievements instead of responsibilities Resumes that
include a long list ofresponsibilities included are plain
boring,and not efficient in selling yourself. Instead of listing
responsibilities describeyour professional achievements.
6. Curriculum-Vitae Your CV must sell you to a
prospectiveemployer, and compete against otherapplicants who are
also trying to sellthemselves.
7. Curriculum-Vitae This means that your curriculum vitae must
bepresented professionally,clearly, and in a waythat indicates you
are an ideal candidate forthe job, i.e., you possess the right
skills,experience, behaviour, attitude, that theemployer is
8. Curriculum-Vitae In your CV it's important to emphasise
yourattributes in strong, relevant and expressiveterms; modesty
doesn't work particularly wellon any CV.
9. Resume Writing Write it with focus on the
prospectiveemployers needs. Therefore, the resume must be modified
forevery job you apply for, so that you canemphasise your
qualification for that specificjob.
10. Back up your qualities and strengths Dates, figures, etc.
make the data morerealistic and appreciable. Try and show your
interviewers how yourskills will benefit the specific company. Your
headings should be bold and underlined.
11. Proofread it twice Proofread your resume and ask your
friendsto review it for any spelling or grammaticalerrors. A resume
with errors is absolutelyunacceptable and will give a shoddy
(poorlymade) impression. One small typo and your chances of
gettinghired could slip. Proofread it as many times as
12. Use bullet points No employer has the time (or patience)
toread long paragraphs of text. Use bullet points and short
sentences todescribe your experiences, educationalbackground and
13. Put the most important information first Most of the times
your previous workexperience will be the most important part ofthe
resume, so put it at the top. When describing your experiences or
skills,list the most important ones first.
14. Attention to the typography First of all make sure that
your fonts are bigenough. The smaller you should go is 11 points,
but 12is probably safer. Do not use capital letters all over the
place,remember that your goal is to communicate amessage as fast
and as clearly as possible. Arial and Times Roman are good
15. No Pictures Do not use graphics or photos
16. CURRICULUM VITAE Summary of ones life details ofeducation,
experiences and achievements. Personal Details Name and
Address,Ph.No, email Easy to read language, focus on the job Use
font size 10-12, Arial/Times NewRoman style Typed in A4 size
17. Avoid negativity Do not include information that might
soundnegative in the eyes of the employer. This is valid both to
your resume and tointerviews. You dont need to include, for
instance, thingsthat you hated about your last company.
18. You dont need to list all your workexperiences If you have
job experiences that you are notproud of, or that are not relevant
to thecurrent opportunity, you should just omitthem. Mentioning
that you used to sell hamburgerswhen you were 17 is probably not
going tohelp you land that executive position.
19. One resume for each employer One of the most common
mistakes thatpeople make is to create a standard resumeand send it
to all the job openings that theycan find. Sure, it will save your
time, but it will alsogreatly decrease the chances of landing
aninterview . Tailor your resume for each employer. The same point
applies to your cover letters.
20. Avoid Age It is illegal to discriminate people because
oftheir age, but some employers do theseconsiderations nonetheless.
Why risk the trouble? Unless specifically requested, do not
includeyour age on your resume.
21. Go with what you got If you never had any real working
experience,just include your summer jobs or volunteerwork. If you
dont have a degree yet, mention thetitle and the estimated date for
22. Dont include irrelevant information Irrelevant information
such as politicalaffiliation will not help you. In fact it might
even minimise your chances oflanding an interview. Just skip
23. Use Mr. and Ms. if appropriate If you have a gender neutral
name like Alex orRyan make sure to include Mr. or Ms. prefix,so
that employers will not get confused aboutyour gender.
24. No lies While it is acceptable to show off your skills,do
not lie or exaggerate. A company may verify your claims and
undersuch circumstances, authenticity is crucial. Apart from being
wrong, most HRdepartments do background checks thesedays, and if
you are buster it might ruin yourcredibility for good.
25. One or two pages Your resume should not be more than a
pageor two. Provide all the necessary information, theshorter your
resume, the better. Most employers and recruiting
specialists,however, say that it should contain one or twopages at
26. Use action verbs A very common advice to job seekers is to
useaction verbs. Action verbs are basically verbs that will
getnoticed more easily, and that will clearlycommunicate what your
experience orachievements were. Examples include managed,
coached,enforced and planned.
27. Use a good printer If you are going to use a paper version
of yourresume, make sure to use a decent printer. Laser printers
usually get the job done. Plain white paper is the preferred one as
28. No hobbies Unless you are 100% sure that some of
yourhobbies will support your candidacy, avoidmentioning them.
29. Update your resume regularly It is a good idea to update
your resume on aregular basis. Do not think of it as something you
made inthe past. It is not necessary to list everything you
30. Update your resume regularly If it is not relevant to your
current area ofwork (you may have worked in a restaurantand are now
a teacher) then theres no needto list it. Add all the new
information that you think isrelevant, as well as courses, training
programsand other academic qualifications that youmight receive
along the way.
31. Make the design flow with white space Do not jam your
resume with text. Make your resume as short and concise aspossible,
but that refers to the overall amountof information and not to how
much text youcan pack in a single sheet of paper. White space
between the words, lines andparagraphs can improve the legibility
32. No jargon or slang Slang should never be present in a
resume. As for technical jargon, do not assume thatthe employer
will know what you are talkingabout.
33. Careful with sample resume templates There are many
websites that offer freeresume templates. While they can help you
to get an idea of whatyou are looking for, do not just copy and
pasteone of the most used ones. You certainly dont want to look
just like anyother candidate, do you?
34. No fancy design details Do not use a colored background,
fancy fontsor images in your resume. You might think that the
little flowers willcheer up the document, but other peoplemight
just throw it away at the sight.
35. Dont forget the basics Your contact information should
include yourname, address, phone and email. It should be bold and
with a larger font thanthe rest of the text. Make sure that your
contact details are clearlylisted.
36. Importance of CV CV will give chance to evaluate yourself.
CVs are mostly used to screen candidates forinterview. CVs are the
first introducer to the interviewerand explains your complete
38. Chronological CV The chronological or Performance CV is
themost traditional and widely used format. This type of CV
basically outlines your workand educational history and is ideal if
youhave stayed in the same career for most ofyour working life,
steadily working your wayup.
39. Chronological CV Chronological resume lays out
qualifications(education and experience) in chronologicalorder,
that is in order of the dates (in reverseorder). It indicates what
the applicant did duringevery month and year. Employers prefer the
40. Use the chronological CV in the following situations: If
you have steadily progressed in one chosenfield. If you have no
gaps in your work history. If you are staying in the same
41. Functional Resume (Skills-based) This type of CV focuses on
and highlights theskills and achievements that you have
gainedthroughout your whole working careerirrespective of where and
when you acquiredthem.
42. Functional Resume (Skills-based) This is useful if you do
have gaps in yourworking career or if want to change
careercompletely. If you have gaps in your work history or
havechanged jobs frequently, the functional CVwould be better
43. Use the functional CV in the followinginstances: If you
have changed career fields. If you have gaps in your work history
due toillness or any other reason. If you have little experience
due to juststarting out or just finishing college
44. Chrono-Functional CV The best of both, the combination CV
is anamalgamation of the previous two formats. Slightly longer in
layout; it is imperative(essential) that you grab the
reader'sattention from the start, as there may be adanger of him
getting bored and discardingthe CV without reading it
45. Chrono-Functional CV The combination CV should be used when
you wantto highlight both skills and achievements togetherwith your
impressive work history and education. Your skills and achievements
are listed first andthese are then backed up by your work
andeducational experience, all in all leading to anextremely potent
(effective) and impressivedocument.
46. Use the combination CV when: You want to show that not only
you have the rightskills for the job but also the work experience
tosupport. You would have used a chronological CV but wantto
highlight your skills too. You have plenty of experience in the
47. Order of Contents in CV Name and address Contact Details
Career Objectives Educational Qualification Awards (if you have
any) Skillsets and personal attributes Experiences / employment
history Voluntary work (if you have done any) Extracurricular
activities, interests and hobbies References
48. Resume Highlights the relevant facts about you, your
education, andyour experience. Makes the first impression about
you. Positions you in the mind of the employer, thus creating
avalue. The interview gets you the job, the resume gets you
49. Resume Enables you to assess your strengths, skills,
abilitiesand experience - thereby preparing you for theinterview
process. Be a basis for the interviewer to justify your
50. Relevant, Clear and Concise. No typing errors. No
misspellings. No Abbreviations. Do not tell a lie. Do not include
any negative information.
51. Should I Have More Than One Version ofMy Resume? YES!
Create a targeted resume each time you apply for
52. Use Action Verbs!Organized Communicated DirectedPlanned
Created AssistedSupported Initiated SolvedReported Edited
AnalyzedDescribed Developed ManagedLed Sold Designed
53. Critical CategoriesPut in everything that would point out
why youwould be good at the job.
54. Contact Information Name (largest font) Address, City and
State Telephone Number Cell Number Email Address
57. The Career Objective Keep it short. Example: To obtain a
position as an AdministrativeAssistant in a hospital setting.
58. Employment History Reverse chronological order. Five
Components: Job Title Name of the organization Location Dates of
employment Description Exclude Unaccountable (unanswerable) gaps.
Street address, reason for leaving.
59. Education List most recent education first. Mention Date of
Completion and University/College name. Percentage only if I class.
Academic honors. Dont include high school (unless this is your
highest level ofeducation).
60. Relevant Coursework(Optional) This lets the employer know
which courses you havealready completed. Do not list every course,
only relevant courses tospecific skills.
61. Activities and Honors Only if relevant to job. Mention
scholarships, memberships etc. Community work, volunteer work etc.
Dont include anything from before college. Avoid controversial
topics such as Politics, Religion etc.For Freshers, you may mention
extra-curricular activities, which wouldhighlight your suitability
to the job.
62. Significant Personal Facts Technological Skills. Foreign
63. Hobbies and Interests Dont list unless Organized, that is,
if you belong to a club or group Relevant to the position
64. References Do not send to employer unless they request it.
Between 2-3 references, All individuals with direct knowledge of
your job abilities. Ask the permission of references before giving
their namesand numbers.
65. Dos of Resume Writing Be brief - 1 to 2 page resume is
ideal 10-12 font size. Times New Roman, Arial, Bookman, Lucida
Sans,Garamond, Verdana etc. Be consistent with
fonts/size/bold/italics etc. Spread out information. Indented or
66. DOs Bolding, different size fonts. Your name should be in
the largest font on page. Prepare CVs for individual companies
Customize (modify) your resume for your jobtarget Use action verbs/
positive words it will createstrong impact. eg. motivated,
monitored,created, analyzed, coordinated etc.
67. DONTS1. Avoid folding your CV2. Dont include irrelevant
information previous salary, unproved awards, prizesand
publications etc.3. Say what you did, not what you think4. Personal
information marital status,religion, health, native place etc.5.
Avoid unusual font size, stylish letters,graphics, underlining and
unusual spacingetc.6. Avoid repeating information7. Avoid personal
pronouns (I, my, me)8. Dont outsource, do it yourself.
68. DONTS Height, weight, place of birth, marital status, race,
caste,religion and health. Fancy Fonts or non-traditional paper.
Dont go for bordered paper. Dont fold resume, dont stuff into
envelope, dontcrumple. The word "Resume" at the top! Avoid Details
of Travels.' Any statement that begins with "I" or "My.
69. DONTS Reasons for leaving previous job(s). Picture of
yourself. Salary Information Religion or political
70. CV Writing Tips Focus on the job you want Emphasize on
achievements Easy to read design and language Spelling mistakes are
unforgivable Education or experience first
71. Covering LetterThe cover letter reflects your
communicationskills and to some extent your personality1. Name and
address - Left side topDate and Place -Left side2. Head the Letter
- Subject and Reference3. The middle paragraph Brief description
ofyour education and experiences4. Closing - The closing in which
you proposestep for further action. Dont end with hit themark, use
sentence with gentle and politemanner .
73. The Final TestDoes your resume answer these questions: Does
it clearly and quickly communicate to employerthat you can do the
job? Do your strengths come across? Does everything support the job
you are targeting? Should anything be removed? Does it really sell
74. Curriculum-Vitae The primary differences between a
resumeand a curriculum vitae (CV) are the length,what is included
and what each is used for. A resume is a one or two page summary
ofyour skills, experience and education.
75. Curriculum-Vitae A curriculum vitae includes a summary of
youreducational and academic backgrounds aswell as teaching and
research experience,publications, presentations, awards,
honors,affiliations and other details.
76. Resume A resume is brief and concise. A resume is a one or
two page summary ofyour skills, experience and education. Generally
no more longer than a page or two.
77. Bio-Data Bio-Data concentrates more on the individualand
his attributes like height, weight, colour,skin complexion etc.
Biodata is mainly termed when you have tosubmit your document where
informationabout physique along with education andfamily background
78. Bio-Data A Bio-data will contain more of
personalinformation than professional. This document is usually
circulated formarriage purpose.