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Understanding Islam Part 5 Death Of Mohammed Legacy Of Islam

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2. Pre-Prophetic Era Persecuted Prophet Warrior Prophet Caravan Trader for Khadija: A wealthy & respected Merchant. Born 570 AD MECCA MEDINA Given to Bedouin NurseMother DiesFather DiesRaised by Uncle595 ADMarries Khadija (40} MECCA Meets Angel in Cave Meets Angel in Cave 610 AD Pilgrimage to Medina 622 AD Conquers Mecca 630 ADKhadijaDies Flees to Medina Dies 632 AD X X X X X X X X Orphan Caravan Trader Warrior Chief 1/5 of all plunder 17 WivesMerchant / Owner Persecuted Prophet Mohammed Born 570 AD PreachesInMecca Message Rejected 570 580 600 590 610 630 620 3. Tabari IX:115 The Messenger completed the pilgrimage ,showed the people its rites , and taught them what was required of them includingthe stations ,the throwing of pebbles , therunning around the Kaaba , and what Allah had permitted them to do , and what He had forbidden. Tabari IX:108 When Allahs Messenger returned to Medina after performing the hajj of Perfection in Religion,he began to have a complaint of illness .News of the Prophets illness spread, soMusaylimahleapt at the opportunity toclaim the prophethood for himself . Tabari IX:166 The Prophet ordered the expedition of Usamah, but it did not go well because of his illness and becausetwo other Arabs had proclaimed themselves prophets and renounced his authority .The Prophets head was wrapped around because of the pain . Tabari IX:167 Muhammad waged war against the false prophetsby sending messengers with instructionsto get rid of them by artful contrivance[plot, machination, or device]. 4. 5. Tabari IX:169 Aisha said, When the Messenger returned from the Baqi cemetery he found me.He was suffering from a headache and crying. Alas, O my head! He moaned , Nay, by Allah, O Aisha, rather alas,O my head! Then he said, Would it distress you if you were to die before me so that I could take care of your body, wrap you in a shroud, pray over you, and bury you? Aisha replied , It seems to me that if you were to do thatyou would return to my apartment and would party with another one of your wives . Bukhari: V2 B23 N414The Prophet in his fatal illness said, Allah cursed Jews and Christiansbecause they took their Prophets graves as places for praying. Bukhari:V5B59N727 When the ailment of Allahs Apostle became aggravated,he requested his wives to permit him to be nursed in my apartment . They gave him permission.He came out between two men with his feet dragging on the ground . 6. Bukhari:V5B59N730 Aisha said, It was one of the favors of Allah towards me thatHis Apostle expired in my apartment on the day of my turn while he was leaning on my chestand Allah mademy saliva mix with his at his death .Abd-Rahman entered upon me with a Siwak in his hand and I was supporting Muhammad against my chest.I saw the Prophet looking at it and I knew that he loved the Siwak, so I said, Shall I take it for you?He nodded. It was too stiff for him to use and I softened it as He nodded his approval. He cleaned his teeth with it, crying, Death has its tortures. Tabari IX:183 Aisha said, Muhammad rubbed his teeth with it more energetically than I had ever seen him doing before. Then he put it down, and I found him getting heavy in my lap and he died . Tabari IX:204 They buried him where he died .Aishas bed was removed and a grave was dug beneath it . Mohammeds Grave In Medina, Saudia Arabia 7. Bukhari:V5B59N730 Aisha said, It was one of the favors of Allah towards me thatHis Apostle expired in my apartment on the day of my turn while he was leaning on my chestand Allah mademy saliva mix with his at his death .Abd-Rahman entered upon me with a Siwak in his hand and I was supporting Muhammad against my chest.I saw the Prophet looking at it and I knew that he loved the Siwak, so I said, Shall I take it for you?He nodded. It was too stiff for him to use and I softened it as He nodded his approval. He cleaned his teeth with it, crying, Death has its tortures. Tabari IX:183 Aisha said, Muhammad rubbed his teeth with it more energetically than I had ever seen him doing before. Then he put it down, and I found him getting heavy in my lap and he died . Tabari IX:204 They buried him where he died .Aishas bed was removed and a grave was dug beneath it . Mohammeds Grave In Medina, Saudia Arabia 8. Bukhari :V5 B59 N733 While Umar was talking to the people,Abu Bakrsaid, Sit down, Umar! But he refused. So the people came to Abu and left him.Bakrsaid, To proceed, if you used to worship Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but if anyone of you used to worship Allah, then Allah is alive and shall never die. Allah said, Muhammad is no more than an Apostle, and indeed apostles have passed away before him. (3:144)By Allah, it was as if the people never knew Allah had revealed this Verse before Abu recited it.Umarsaid, When I heard Bakr, my legs could not support me and I fell down, declaring that the Prophet had died. Tabari IX:187 When the Prophet died,Umarstood up threatening the people, saying, Some of the hypocrites allege that the Messenger of Allah is dead.I swear by Allah that he is alive, not dead.By Allah the Prophet will return and he will go after those who are spreading lies about him.He will cut off the hands and the feet of those who claim that he is dead.He will crucify them . 9. Who will command the army ? Who gets the prophets share of booty ? What about all the loot ? 10. Tabari IX:188 Zubayrdrew his sword saying, I will not put it back until the oath of allegiance is rendered to Ali .When this news reached Abu Bakr andUmar , the latter said, Hit him with a stone and seize the sword.Bukhari:V5 B59 N546 Fatimah , the daughter of the Prophet [andAlis wife ], sent someone to Bakr,asking for her inheritance of what Allahs Apostle had left of the property taken from the Fai booty gained without fighting in Medina and Fadak, and what remained of the Khumus[Muhammads fifth of the booty gained through fighting]of the Khaybar booty .On that,Abusaid, Our property is not inherited. Whatever we leave is Sadaqa, but the family of Muhammad can eat of this property. I will not make any change in the estate of the Apostle and will dispose of it as he used to .So Bakr refused to give anything to Fatimah . Abu Bakr The 1 stCaliph 11. Bukhari: V5 B59 N546 [When] Bakr refused to give anything to Fatimah. She became angry.When she died, her husband Ali buried her at night without informing Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by himself.When Fatimah was alive, the people used to respect Ali, but after her death, Ali noticed a change in peoples attitude towards him.So he sought reconciliation with Bakr. Who will command the army ? Who gets the prophets share of booty ? What about all the loot ? 12. Bukhari: V5 B59 N546 [When] Bakr refused to give anything to Fatimah. She became angry.When she died, her husband Ali buried her at night without informing Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by himself.When Fatimah was alive, the people used to respect Ali, but after her death, Ali noticed a change in peoples attitude towards him.So he sought reconciliation with Bakr. Alisent someone to Bakr saying, Come to me, but let nobody come with you, as he disliked Umar.ButUmarsaid, No, not alone .Aliuttered, Tashah-hud[a ritual prayer] , and said, I know your superiority and am not jealous, but you did not consult me in the question of rulership and I thought that I had a right to rule because of my near relationship to Allahs Apostle. ThereuponBakr s eyes flowed with tears. As for the trouble which arose between me and you about his property , I will spend itaccording to what is good, and will not leave any rule or regulation which I saw Allahs Apostle following in disposing of it. Aliadded, I believed that I had some rights in this affair and when you did not consult me in these matters, it caused me to feel sorry. Abu Bakr The 1 stCaliph 13. ' Umarsaid, " O Abu Bakr! How can you fight these people although Allah's Apostle said, I have been ordered to fight the people till they say: 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah,'and whoever said, 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah', Allah will save his property and his life from me, unless(he does something for which he receives legal punishment)justly, and his account will be with Allah?' Abu Bakrsaid, " By Allah! I will fight whoever differentiates between prayers and Zakat[tax] , as Zakat is the right to be taken from property(according to Allah's Orders) . By Allah! If they refused to pay me even a kid they used to pay to Allah's Apostle, I would fight with them for withholding it. " Umarsaid, " By Allah: It was nothing, but I noticed that Allah opened Abu Bakr's chest towards the decision to fight, therefore I realized that his decision was right ."Bukhari Volume 9, Book 84, Number 59:The war of Compulsion When the Prophet died and Abu Bakr became his successor some of the Arabs reverted to disbelief[ stopped paying taxes ], 14. Abu Bakr632 634 A.D. Called himself:Khalifat rasul Allah( Successor of the Messenger of God) Shortened toKhalifatorCaliph Mohammed 622( entered Medina )-632 A.D.(died) Umar 634 -644 A.D. CalledAmir al-Muminin ( Commander[or Prince]of the Faithful) Uthman 644-656 Aishas Father,Mohammeds Father in Law Defeated false prophets Tulayha and Musaylima. Put down the rebellious Arab tribes. Captured cities inSyria, Persia,and Palestine. One of Mohammeds earliest converts in Mecca Gathered former rebellious tribes. Conquest of Syria, Persia, Egypt. Personally whipped soldiers for drunkedess or missing prayers. Removed Kahlid (the Sword of Islam) from command for immoral behavior. Early convert from Mecca 1 stCaliph to live richly.Built a Navy, Conquered Cypress. Authorized a single version of the Quran and burned all other versions. Internal rebellion. Assassinated by rebels in his home. 15. Muawiya h 661 -680 A.D. Beginning of theOymayyad Caliphate Yazid 680-682 A.D. Mohammeds Co

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