PAGE 3Home minister: MP Bodi is innocent
PAGE 7 SUST students give VC 48 hours to resign
PAGE 32Deutsche Welle starts TV channel in Dhaka
PAGE 4Bar Council polls results announced o cially
PAGE 5Post o ce, BTCL losing concerns
TAZREEN OWNER, STAFF FINALLY INDICTED PAGE 32
SOCCEROOS BREEZE PAST TIGERS PAGE 25
TOFAIL: DHAKA TO REGAIN GSP IN US MARKET SOON PAGE 15
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015 | Bhadro 20, 1422, Zilqad 19, 1436 |
Regd No DA 6238, Vol 3, No 141 | www.dhakatribune.com | 32 pages
plus 24-page Weekend | Price: Tk10
WATER STAGNATION, TRAFFIC JAMS
Planners blame it on land grabbersn Abu Hayat MahmudThe twin
evils of water stagnation and tra c jams continue to hold Dhaka
residents hos-tage despite repeated attempts to bring them under
Ambitious government projects have failed to reduce waterlogging
and tra c congestion in the capital because politically in uential
land-grabbers remain in illegal occupation of water bodies, open
spaces, footpaths and roads in and around Dhaka, urban planners,
local government authorities and residents said.
City planners said illegal occupation inter-fered with the
natural discharge of rainwater, in turn contributing to gridlock on
They added that failing to free up foot-
paths and motorways from encroachment contributed to tra c
Four bodies bear primary responsibility for maintaining the
citys drainage and tra c sys-tems Dhaka North City Corporation
(DNCC), Dhaka South City Corporation (DSCC), Dhaka Water Supply and
Sewerage Authority (Wasa) and the Tra c Division of the Dhaka
Metro-politan Police (DMP).
Land-grabbing causes waterloggingUrban planner Professor Nazrul
Islam, also chairman of the Centre for Urban Studies, told the
Dhaka Tribune: To x the waterlogging problem, the authorities must
rst recover and conserve all water bodies canals, low-ly-ing land,
lakes and rivers.
There is no alternative to recovering these
water bodies this is the only way to enable the proper discharge
of rainwater, he said.
Dhakas drainage network is composed of canals that discharge
storm water into surrounding rivers. The city is protected from
river ooding by an embankment that
encircles it, but during the monsoon riverlevels rise higher
than drainage water levels, experts say.
As a result, storm water fails to ow into the Buriganga, Turag,
Shitalakkhya and Balu rivers.
At a Bangladesh Institute of Planners (BIP) programme, Buet
teacher Prof Shahjahan Mondal said encroachment had taken place in
more than 3,000 places along Dhakas ve riv-
ers the Buriganga, Shitalakkhya, Turag, Balu and
Illegal occupiers are usually in uential people who use their
political and nancial power to manage the government machin-ery, he
The Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Authority has identi ed
7,154 individuals and organisations as encroachers.
According to Dhaka Wasa, a major part of its drainage system
consists of canals, rivers and lakes to reroute excess water out of
the city. It also uses a storm drainage network measuring some
261.39 square kilometres around the city.
The major canal systems serving the capi-tal are the
PAGE 2 COLUMN 1
Survey: Support for government growing
n Tribune ReportDespite continuing partisan divide on elector-al
issues, ruling Awami League government has gained support among a
majority of Bang-ladeshi respondents, an International Repub-lican
Institute survey has found.
The results of the poll, conducted in June 2015, also indicate
positive public feelings about the current economic position and
op-timism about the future.
However, respondents cited corruption as their dominant
In the 18 months following the January 5, 2014 parliamentary
election, support for the
government and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasi-na reached 66 and 67%
Bangladeshis are increasingly optimistic about the prospects for
the country, with 62% saying the country is headed in the right
di-rection up from 56% in a September 2014 survey.
Furthermore, 72% rated overall economic conditions positively,
68% felt security con-ditions are good and 64% was positive about
The survey was based on face-to-face in-terviews conducted with
a randomly selected sample of 2,550 voting aged adults from May 23
to June 10, 2015.
The e ects of the January 2014 election were evident in the
persistence of a sharp division regarding new elections
respond-ents were almost equally divided when asked about when they
would like the next national election to occur.
Conducted in cooperation with interna-tional research rm Global
Strategic Partners, the nationally representative sample was drawn
from all 64 districts in the seven divi-sions.
Forty-seven percent of the respondents indicated a desire for
new election to be held immediately, similar to an IRI survey
con-ducted in September 2014, when 40% stated they wanted immediate
Forty percent want the current parliament to ful ll its term,
down slightly from 45% in the previous survey.
With the decline of electoral violence and daily hartals, 24%
Bangladeshis surveyed cit-ed corruption as the most important
problem facing the country, nearly 10 points higher than political
instability (16%) and security (15%), which are cited as the second
and third most important problems facing Bangladesh.
Although the government received posi-tive marks on the whole,
47% do not see the government as fully engaged in or capable of
ghting corruption. Interestingly, only 11% said they had paid a
bribe; more than half of them said they had paid at least
The margin of error does not exceed plus or minus 2% with a con
dence level of 95%. l
Bangladeshs per capita debt $169n Tribune ReportBangladeshs per
capital gross external debt now stands at $169, or Tk13,160, which
is higher than what it was two years ago.
On behalf of Finance Minister AMA Mu-hith, junior nance minister
MA Mannan yes-
terday revealed the information in parliament while responding
to a query.
As on June 30, 2015, that is the last day of the immediate past
FY2014-15, the coun-try had an outstanding loan of $25,908 or
PAGE 2 COLUMN 1
Do you believe things in Bangladesh are heading in the right
direction, or are they heading in the wrong direction?
Nov 2013 Jan 2014 Sept 2014 June 2015
Right Direction Wrong Direction
Development Partners Amount
in $ million Amount
in Tk croreADB 7731.32 61850.56China 919.51 7356.08IDA (World
Bank) 12792.94 102343.50
IDB 419.78 3358.21
Denmark 108.65 869.21Japan 2422.02 19376.18India 207.18
1657.45South Korea 348.97 2791.78Kuwait 134.43 1075.46IFAD 366.92
2935.39Others 456.34 3650.72Total 25908.06 207264.50
BANGLADESHS OUTSTANDINGEXTERNAL LOAN AS ON JUNE 30, 2015
PM TOO SLAMS GRABBERS3
Planners blame it on land grabbersthat discharges into the Turag
River, the Dhanmondi-Paribagh-Gulshan-Banani-Mo-hakhali-Begunbari
canal that discharges into the Balu River and the
Segunbagicha-Gera-ni-Dholaikhal canal that discharges into the Balu
and Buriganga rivers.
Wasa sources said there were originally 65 canals, but over the
course of time the num-ber has come down to 43. Of these, some 20
canals have died out, many have been lled with garbage and others
are being encroached upon by land-grabbers.
Dhakas two city corporations occupy an area of 360 square
kilometres but storm drains cover just 280 square kilometres of the
The city has box culverts stretching 10.5 kilometres with 913.63
kilometres of surface drains and 26 canals, ranging from 10 to 30m
in width, running a length of around 60 kilo-metres. The drainage
pipes have diameters ranging from between 450 and 3,000mm.
Speaking to the Dhaka Tribune on condi-tion of anonymity,
several DNCC, DSCC and Wasa o cials said the capitals underground
drainage system was not adequate to handle storm water from heavy
The network needs to be expanded by at least another 40 percent.
The drains should be properly linked through a scienti cally
de-signed network, said a Dhaka Wasa o cial, asking not to be
The prime minister and shipping minister have directed the
relevant government bod-ies to address waterlogging and tra c
con-gestion in the capital.
But Dhaka Wasa, DNCC, DSCC and BIWTA have yet to demonstrate
success in carrying
out the directives.Dhaka Wasa Managing Director Taqsem A
Khan continues to attribute the citys water-logging problems to
incidents of heavy rain.
Waterlogging temporarily occurred due to heavy rainfall. To
drain away the storm wa-ter we have installed pumps at di erent
sta-tions, he said.
Earlier the Wasa boss claimed that Wasa operates just 30% of the
capitals sewerage and drainage facilities, with 70% of the
infra-structure out of service due to a lack of funds.
Despite election promises to solve the problems of waterlogging
and tra c jams, the capitals two mayors, Annisul Huq and Sayeed
Khokon, have yet to deliver.
DNCC Mayor Annisul Huq told the Dhaka Tribune that he had
directed city and Wasa o cials to take steps to resolve the
problem. We have purchased equipment to clean the city corporations
Annisul said he had met civil society mem-bers and urban
planners to exchange ideas about creating a Green Dhaka.
DSCC Mayor Sayeed Khokon said: We have taken temporary steps to
deal with wa-terlogging.
He said the existing drainage system was not adequate to deal
with heavy rain, adding: A deep drainage system will be constructed
after demolishing the surface box culverts.
Reclaiming occupied footpaths, roadsDespite big-ticket road
projects like the Gu-listan-Jatrabari yover and the Kuril yover,
tra c jams, sometimes lasting for hours, are a daily fact of life
in the capital.
Urban planners said tra c congestion would
not ease unless the Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripa-kkha (Rajuk) the
capital improvement author-ity, the two city corporations, the
Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA) and the rele-vant
ministries co-ordinate their e orts.
At a meeting held shortly after the mayor-al polls, Road
Transport and Bridges Minister Obaidul Quader, Dhaka North city
Mayor An-nisul Huq and Dhaka South city Mayor Sayeed Khokon agreed
to take steps to remove illegal en-croachers from the capitals
footpaths and roads. But the initiative has not yielded much
Annisul told the Dhaka Tribune that re-moving illegal occupants
and land-grabbers was a complex procedure and would only be
successful if a long-term plan was put into ef-fect.
Prof Nazrul said: Urbanisation and tra c management in Dhaka
city is completely un-planned. Roads and footpath occupiers must be
removed in the situation is to improve.
In the long term, the government must seriously work on
decentralisationwithout this tra c congestion will likely intensify
in future, he added.
Dhaka has the highest rate of urbanisa-tion at 90%, he said.
Prof Dr Sarwar Jahan of Buet said: Dha-ka has become un t for
living because of the enormous rate of migration to the
About 15 million people live in and around Dhaka. If the
government does not take strong measures to decentralise the
country, no e ort to reduce tra c congestion will be
The government has taken steps to make commuting in the capital
a more tolerable experience including introducing special bus
services, CCTV-aided surveillance systems, bans on old and un t
vehicles, setting up new school and o ce schedules and
implement-ing automated tra c signals.
The government has embarked on a mas-sive building programme to
enlarge the car-rying capacity of the citys infrastructure,
constructing link roads, yovers, a bus rapid transit system,
elevated expressways, and a metro rail transit system.
It has launched a water bus service in the rivers surrounding
the city. l
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1
Bangladeshs per capita debt $169Responding to a query, Mannan
said Bang-ladesh had paid $182.43m or around Tk1,419 crore in
interests against that loan amount.
In reply to another question, the state minister for nance said
that according to the Bangladesh Credit Information Bureau, the
total number of loan defaulters in the country is 175,580.
According to Mannan, there are 62 organi-sations o ering banking
services in the coun-try, of which 56 are scheduled banks. In 2014,
Islami Bank made the highest pro t Tk1621.21 crore. On the other
hand, state-owned BASIC Bank made the highest Tk110.79 crore loss.
Oth-er losing banks are Bangladesh Krishi Bank, ICB Islamic Bank
and National Bank of Pakistan.
Responding to another query, Mannan said that the Asian
Development Bank will give $250m or around Tk2,000 crore as loan
under the 3rd Capital Market Development Programme (CMDP-III) to
develop the capital market in Bangladesh.
He also said that the foreign exchange re-serve was $5.349bn in
2009, but on August
2015, it rose to $26.16bn, which is the highest ever.
In reply to another query, the junior minis-ter said that in the
2014-15 scal year, a total of Tk1,28,771 crore was transacted
through mo-bile banking. Up to July of the new scal year, the
transacted amount stood at Tk13,811.52 crore. l
3 diplomats promoted to secretary status n Sheikh Shahariar
ZamanThree career diplomats have been promoted to secretary status
at the Foreign Ministry.
They are Bangladesh Ambassador to Japan Masud bin Momen, former
additional secre-tary Mizanur Rahman and Bangladesh Am-bassador to
Singapore Mahbub Uz Zaman.
They were promoted to the status of sec-retary on August 27,
said a senior o cial of the Foreign Ministry.
All of them belong to the BCS 1985 batch. With the promotions,
the Foreign Ministry now has 13 secretary status diplomats
includ-ing the foreign secretary.
According to rules two of them will be based at the headquarters
including the for-eign secretary and 11 will be posted at di er-ent
missions at ambassador position.
Former foreign secretary Md Mijarul Quayes is now ambassador to
Brazil. His batch mate Is-
mat Jahan is now ambassador at Brussels. Their another batchmate
mad, former envoy in Greece, has now been made OSD at the
Current Foreign Secretary M Shahidul Haques batch mates Shamim
Ahsan is cur-rently posted in Geneva as envoy and Fazlul Karim as
ambassador to China. Mohammad Abdul Hannan is the Bangladesh High
Com-missioner to England while Imtiaz Ahmed is the ambassador to
Md Shahdat Hossain is Bangladesh Ambas-sador to Italy while
Mosud Mannan is envoy to Uzbekistan. Mazeda Ra qunessa is now a
director general at the ministry. Her promo-tion is withheld
because of allegations of ir-regularities as ambassador to
Promotion of Shamsul Haque has also been withheld on similar
O cials of the Foreign Ministry are promot-ed in line with the
position of their merit list. l
Advance rail tickets from September 15n Tribune ReportBangladesh
Railways will begin selling train tickets in advance from September
15 to ease travel for home-bound passengers ahead of
Railways Minister Md Mujibul Hoque made the announcement in a
press brie ng at Rail Bhaban yesterday.
The minister said: Advance tickets for Eid will be sold from
September 15-19, and return tickets will be sold from September
He said the tickets for September 20 can be purchased on
September 15, while return tickets for September 27 will be
available for purchase on the 23rd of the month.
The tickets for September 21, 22, 23 and 24 will be sold on
September 16, 17, 18 and 19 re-spectively.
A person can purchase up to four tickets, but the tickets will
not be refunded, Mujibul said. l
Latifs parliament membership declared vacantn Tribune ReportThe
parliament membership of former min-ister Abdul Latif Siddique has
been declared vacant following his resignation.
Speaker Dr Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury made the announcement
yesterday, two days after he stepped down as a lawmaker.
While tendering his resignation on Tues-day, Latif told the
Jatiya Sangsad that he was doing this as per the wishes of his
In September last year, the now-former Tangail MP and then
telecom minister Latif faced severe criticism after making
derogato-ry remarks about hajj and tabligh jamaat at a programme in
A number of cases were led against him on charges of hurting
religious sentiment, while he had to stay nine months behind bars
in several of those cases. He was also expelled from the Awami
League and the cabinet. l
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
This pick-up van arrives at the Dhaka Medical College Hospital
yesterday carrying bags of life-saving salines but without any
arrangement for maintaining the temperature of the uid MEHEDI
Home minister: MP Bodi is innocentn Kamrul HasanThe home
minister yesterday claimed that investigators had not found the
involvement of ruling Awami League lawmaker Abdur Rah-man Bodi in
any drug smuggling case.
Investigators found many people in-volved in illegal yaba
smuggling. But they did not nd any evidence that he [Bodi] was the
ring leader or involved in yaba smuggling.
Bodi is innocent, Home Minister Asaduz-zaman Khan Kamal said
replying to a query after a conference of the Department of
Nar-cotics Control (DNC) in the capitals Tejgaon. Senior o cials of
the ministry and the DNC were present at the event. Kamal said that
someone might have given his name driven
by emotion. But it is a matter investigation.The reporters
wanted to know about the
drug smuggling allegations raised against the Coxs Bazar 4
lawmaker and whether his attacks and threats on government o cials
would encourage the drug dealers and dis-courage the public
The minister said that many allegations had been brought against
Bodi. But justice cannot be ensured out of possibility or
impos-sibility. We have to nd proper evidence.
The controversial lawmaker was sued by the Anti-Corruption
Commission last year for gaining wealth beyond the known source of
income. He is currently on bail in the case.
Earlier, the DNC and several intelligence agency reports
mentioned about Bodi and his
brothers names for their involvement in yaba smuggling, human
tra cking and illegally naturalising Rohingya immigrants, as well
as illegal hundi business.
Bodi joined the BNP in 1996. He later joined the Awami League
failing to win in parliament elections. He became a member of
parliament for the rst time in 2008 with the Awami League ticket
and then in the January 5 polls last year.
Speaking at the function, the minister said that yaba trading
had taken a deadly look in the country. This evil business can not
be controlled even by conducting mobile courts.
He called upon the DNC o cials to collect information
objectively and advised them to take police members with them
during any operation. l
Planning Commission member under ACC scannern Adil SakhawatThe
Anti-Corruption Commission has decid-ed to run inquiry into the
allegation against Planning Commissions Member Humayun Khalid for
his alleged involvement in bribing and corruption while he was
registrar of the Department of Cooperatives.
But when contacted Humayun Khalid, the member of Planning
Commissions Socio Eco-nomic Infrastructure Division, denied his
in-volvement in such crimes.
Humayun was registrar of the Department of Cooperative from June
2012 to June 2014.
The ACC yesterday appointed Deputy Di-rector SM Ra qul Islam as
inquiry o cer and Director Moniruzzaman as monitoring o cial to
look into the matter of the allegation, said a competent source in
The source said when Humayun was regis-trar of the Department of
Cooperatives he had leased out a land of others illegally to
Bakus-hah Hawkers Market Cooperative Society in the capitals
In the primary inquiry the commission found some clues to the
allegations against that member of the Planning Commission.
Soon, the commission will summon Hu-mayun Khalid, the source
also said. However, Humayun said: The Department of Coopera-tives
is not responsible for giving lease of any land to any cooperative
As a registrar of the cooperatives I was only responsible for
issuing registration to cooper-ative societies, forming the
management of those societies or arranging election for those
cooperatives, and auditing their budget.
Leasing out land to cooperatives are the responsibility of the
Ministry of Land and the collectors of Dhaka District, he said.
There are two parties in the Bakushah Hawkers Market Cooperative
Society. During my time as a registrar I had to settle some of
their disputes through arbitration. But as the commission decided
to run inquiry against me I welcome that initiatives as , he
PM slams businessmen for water stagnationn Tribune ReportPrime
Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday blamed businessmen for water
stagnation in the capital saying that it was the result of
un-planned construction of buildings by lling the water bodies.
You cannot blame the government or the city corporation only;
the businessmen too will have to shoulder the responsibility for
waterlogging in Dhaka, she told a delegation of newly-elected o ce
bearers of the Feder-ation of Bangladesh Chambers of Commerce and
Industries (FBCCI) led by its President Ab-dul Matlub Ahmed at her
The premier urged the businessmen of the country to go for
planned and environ-ment-friendly industrialisation having
provi-sion of water bodies so that any possible re incident could
be dealt with properly, accord-ing to TV reports.
Hasina said that the businessmen construct buildings but do not
keep space for drains and footpaths but they ll the water
They should have given a second thought that these water bodies
are essential during the monsoon. You have lled everything to
construct the buildings, sold them and made pro t.
I do not want to mention the name who I gave a piece of land for
construction of a building. I asked them to keep a road and not to
ll the [nearby] canal...I was not in pow-er for seven years, and
when I took o ce, I discovered the building in the canal. Even a
bridge was made which means they will ll the other free spaces and
make another build-ing there, the premier said.
She further said the Awami League gov-ernment has always been a
business-friendly one, according to UNB.
About the recent power and gas tari hike, Hasina said that the
government had to pur-chase fuel at a higher price earlier for
power generation for which it had to bear a liability of Tk38,000
crore. Out of such liability, she said, about Tk8,000 crore have
been paid so far.
Hasina asked the businessmen to tap the growing domestic market
and take steps to explore the huge marine resources, her Press
Secretary Ihsanul Karim told reporters after the meeting.
She said that the countrys businesses should not be restricted
to the RMG sector only and should tap into the vast marine
re-sources in the Bay of Bengal, especially after the gain of huge
marine areas through the maritime boundary verdicts over Myanmar
She also urged the businessmen to get in-volved with the growing
domestic market alongside boosting exports. The more the purchasing
capacity of the common people will increase, the domestic market
would get bigger, she said.
Referring to the withdrawal of import duty on lique ed petroleum
gas (LPG), the prime minister said that her government did not
re-ceive much response from the businessmen, and suggested that
they go for manufacturing cylinders.
Hasina said that the government would try to bring the bank
interest rate to single digit to encourage industrialisation and
businesses. She urged the businessmen to pay taxes, so that the
government could pay incentives to them based on the tax.
She said that the proposed Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal
(BBIN) and the Bangladesh, China, India and Myanmar (BCIM)
initiatives have provisions of regional connectivity which could
help ourish businesses.
She said that the ongoing extension work on Dhaka-Chittagong,
Dhaka-Mymensingh and Dhaka-Sylhet highways would help
The government is looking for suitable places for setting up
slaughterhouses, she said putting emphasis on optimum utilisation
Speaking on the occasion, the FBCCI pres-ident said that the
businessmen would work hand in hand with the government to
materi-alise its Vision 2021. l
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015NEWS4DT
Three more testify in Khaledas graft casen Md Sanaul Islam
TipuThree more prosecution wit-nesses gave depositions yester-day
in Zia Charitable Trust graft case led against former prime
minister Khaleda Zia and three others.
BNP Chairperson Khale-da did not appear before the court at
Bakshibazar due to her illness. She earlier skipped ap-pearance on
August 10 and Au-gust 27 citing the same reason.
Judge Abu Ahmed Jamadar of the Dhakas Special Judges Court 3
recorded the state-ments and adjourned the pro-ceedings until
The three witnesses are HM Ismail, senior principal o cer of
Pubali Bank; Sheikh Mak-bul Ahmed, deputy-general manager of Janata
Fahmida Rahman, rst AGM of Janata Banks Masjid Road branch.
The court is dealing with the two cases led by the ACC for
alleged embezzlement of funds of Zia Orphanage Trust and Zia
At the beginning of the hear-ing, Khaledas counsel led two
petitions for her non-appear-ance, saying that she could not appear
in the court due to her illness.
They also led two more petitions seeking permission to represent
Khaleda in her ab-sence on the day.
The defence rst cross exam-ined the third and fourth
pros-ecution witnesses. After the new witnesses completed
dep-ositions, the defence counsels cross examined them too. l
Bar Council polls results announced o ciallyn Tribune ReportThe
ruling Awami League-backed Sammilita Ainjibi Sa-mannay Parishad
panel has won 11 posts out of 14 in the Bangladesh Bar Council
elec-tions, according to o cial re-sults announced yesterday.
The pro-BNP and like-mind-ed Jatiyatabadi Ainjibi Oikya Parishad
panel, who dominated
the council in the last two ten-ures, got the three other
Attorney General Mahbubey Alam formally announced the results in
the morning. The election was held on August 26.
The Bangladesh Bar Council elections are held every three years.
The 14-member execu-tive body elects the vice-chair-man while the
attorney general is given the post of chairman. l
Aman gets bail in 11 casesn Md Sanaul Islam TipuA Dhaka court
yesterday grant-ed the bail petitions of BNP Joint Secretary
General Aman-ullah Aman in 11 cases led on charges of arson attacks
and vandalism in the capital and its outskirts during the anti
After hearing on his bail plea,
Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate Ali Masud Shiekh,
granted the bail petitions led by Amans counsel Md Sanaul-lah Miah
before the court.
On August 2, the metropoli-tan magistrate courts sent the BNP
leader to jail rejecting his bail petitions in 44 cases after his
surrender before the courts in the cases. l
SUST student found deadn Tribune ReportAn architecture student
of Shahjalal University of Science and Technology in Sylhet,
Mu-hammad Shahriar Majumdar, was found dead in his room last
Classmates and police said Shahriar lived in a mess in Sur-ma
residential area, adjacent to the university campus.
His door was found locked from inside when his classmates went
to call him around 8pm. As Shahriar did not respond, one of his
classmate tried to
peak through the ventilator and found that his body was hang-ing
from the window with a belt, SUST Proctor Prof Kamru-zzaman
Kotwali police recovered the body and sent it to Osmani Medical
College for an autopsy.
An activist of Gonojagoron Moncho, Shahriar was a stu-dent of
2008-2009 session. He completed honours recently but was waiting to
complete some pending courses.
He was also the senior ad-viser of SUST Sahitya Sangsad and
Cartoon Factory. l
Post o ce, BTCL losing concernsn Tribune ReportIn the last three
scal years, state-controlled entities Bangladesh Post O ce and
Bangla-desh Telecommunications Company Limited have both incurred
Figures have been particularly grim for the post o ce, which has
never made a pro t since the 2008-09 scal year.
Over this period, it su ered the lowest loss Tk94.43 crore in
2009-10 and the high-est Tk234.55 crore in the immediate past
In fact, its losses have never come below Tk200 crore in the
last four years.
These gures were revealed in parliament yesterday when Tarana
Halim, state minister for Post and Telecommunications, was taking
part in a question-answer session.
Figures for Bangladesh Telecommunica-tions Company Limited
(BTCL) showed that it su ered a Tk17 crore loss in the scal year
that just ended. In the two preceding years, its revenue losses
were Tk4 crore and Tk546 crore respectively.
Actor-turned-politician Tarana Halim, who is a lawyer by
training and has made it to the cabinet for the rst time during the
last spate of reshu e in July, said: Mobile phone call rates are
becoming increasingly cheaper. As a result, the land phone service
is facing severe competition.
She, however, assured that the BTCL has taken a number of steps
to survive the erce competition from the mobile phone industry.
Tarana also said that at present, there are 736,000 land phone
users in the country. l
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
INCOME EXPENDITURE(Taka in crore)
BANGLADESH POST OFFICE
2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
INCOME EXPENDITURE(Taka in crore)
BANGLADESH TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANY LIMITED (BTCL)
ACC okays charge sheet against 14 for embezzling Tk110 croren
Adil SakhawatGovernments corruption watchdog Anti-Cor-ruption
Commission has approved the charge sheet against 14 o cials of
Bismillah Group and Shahjalal Islami Bank for their alleged
in-volvement with embezzling Tk110 crore from the banks Eskaton
The approval came from a regular meeting of the Anti-Corruption
Commission yester-day, con rmed ACC Deputy Director (Public
Relations) Pranab Kumer Bhattacharya.
After working on the case for more than two years, investigation
o cial Gulshan An-war submitted the probe report to the com-mission
in August this year; the case was led with the Ramna police station
in Dhaka on March 29, 2013.
According to the probe report, the accused in connivance with
each other embezzled Tk975,648,000 from the Eskaton branch of the
Shahjalal Islami Bank by making fake in-voices of export in the
name of back-to-back Letter of Credit, which caused the bank losses
The 14 accused in the charge sheet include Bismillah Group
Managing Director Khaja Soleman Chowdhury, its Chairman Nowrin
Hasib, Directors Begum Sarwar Jahan, Abi-
da Hasib, Nahid Anwar Khan, Khandaker Moinuddin Ishak, General
Manager (Account) Abul Hossain Chowdhury, Deputy Managing Director
Akbar Aziz Mutakki, Manager Ri-azuddin Ahmed.
The other accused bank o cials are: Shahjalal Bank Eskaton
branchs former branch manager Aslamul Haq, former dep-uty manager
ASM Hasanul Kabir, Senior Executive O cer Sahidul Islam, Junior
As-sistant Vice-President Mannatul Maula and Chairman of Network
Freight System Limited Akhter Hossain.
Sources in the Anti-Corruption Commis-sion said all of the
accused are now in hid-ing in various countries including the
United Arab Emirates, England, Malaysia, Canada, and Australia.
On November 3, 2013, the commission led a total of 12 cases with
the Ramna and Motijheel police stations in Dhaka against 53 people,
including the 14 accused in the charge sheet, in connection with
the loan scam of Bismillah Group worth Tk1,200 crore.
Thirteen of the accused were from Bismil-lah Group and 40 others
were high-ranked o cials of Janata Bank, Prime Bank, Premier Bank,
Jamuna Bank and Shahjalal Islami Bank. l
FB account opened every 12 secondsin Bangladeshn Tribune
ReportState Minister for Information and Telecom-munications Zunaid
Ahmed Palak on Thursday told the parliament that every 12 seconds
some-one in Bangladesh opens a Facebook account.
In response to a query by lawmaker Farhad Hossain, that he does
not have a Facebook ac-count so who maintains the accounts opened
in his name, the junior minister said, This question is valid for
not only you. It is a ques-tion for crores of Bangladeshis.
Bangladesh has the second-highest growing number of Facebook users.
Every 12 seconds, a Facebook account is opened in Bangladesh.
The junior minister told the parliament that one can resolve the
problem of fake ac-counts by going onto the ICT Division and BTRC
Apart from this, he also told the parlia-ment that one can also
get help by dialing 0176678888 and that this service would be
provided around the clock.
In response to a supplementary question, Palak said, The
government has taken various steps to guarantee internet usage. We
passed the ICT Act and have laws against pornography. Apart from
this, we are also formulating the co-ordinated Cyber Act and
whenever it becomes law, our security will be strengthened. l
Ministry unaware of martyr tag ofQuader Mollan Tribune
ReportLiberation War A airs Minister AKM Mo-zammel Haque yesterday
said that they were unaware of the tombstone of executed war
criminal Abdul Quader Molla where the for-mer Jamaat-e-Islami
leader is mentioned as a martyr.
He told parliament that the ministry would take measures to
remove the word if any written complaint is lodged with the
ministry in this regard.
The minister made the statement replying to a question of a
ruling party lawmaker who said that using the word martyr for a
con-demned war criminal was an insult to those who had sacri ced
their lives for the inde-pendence of the country in 1971.
The Jamaat assistant secretary general was the rst war criminal
to be executed following trial. He was known as Butcher of Mirpur
during the war.
Quader Molla was hanged on December 12, 2013 and buried at his
family graveyard at Amirabad village under Faridpurs Sadarpur
upazila. His party termed the execution a po-litical killing.
He was given life-term imprisonment on February 5, 2013 by the
International Crimes Tribunal for the killing of Hazrat Ali and his
family, and rape. The Appellate Division on September 17 the same
year increased his sen-tence to capital punishment. l
Two war tribunalsto be mergedn Tribune ReportThe government has
initiated a process to merge the two international crimes tribunals
from Sunday as the number of pending cases have come down.
Law Minister Anisul Huq yesterday said a gazette noti cation
might be issued in this re-gard. The government started the process
to merge the tribunal into a single one in consul-tation with the
Supreme Court, he said.
One of the tribunals will be inactive and its judges will work
for the High Court. It can be made functional in the future, if
necessary for disposal of the cases, the minister added.
The Awami League-led government formed the rst tribunal on March
25, 2010 to try the collaborators of the Pakistani occupa-tion
forces who had been involved in murder, rape, arson and looting
during the 1971 Liber-ation War. The second tribunal was formed on
March 22, 2012.
So far, the two tribunals have pronounced verdicts in 21 cases
including those led against former Jamaat-e-Islami chief Ghulam
Azam and current chief Motiur Rahman Nizami.
After the countrys independence on De-cember 16, 1971, then the
government estab-lished 73 special tribunals across the country to
try the local collaborators. The trial pro-ceedings began with
37,471 detained. Some 26,000 were freed under general amnesty
de-clared in 1973.
But those accused of killing, raping, looting and arson were
declared beyond the amnesty. The trials continued until the
assassination of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1975. The
subsequent military-backed gov-ernment annulled the Collaborators
Ordi-nance on December 31 the same year and freed the detainees.
NEWS6DTFRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
1,500 kg Ilish seizedn Our Correspondent, SatkhiraMembers of
Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB) seized 1,500 kilograms of hilsa while
those were being smuggled to India through Alipur check post area
at Bhomra border point in Sa-dar upazila yesterday morning.
Major Mojammel Haque, deputy commander of BGB Battalion-38, said
acting on a tip-o , a team of the border force conducted a drive in
the area and intercepted a truck loaded with hilsa packed in 35
cartons in the morning. However, the smug-glers and truck driver
managed to escape sensing the presence of the BGB members. l
Dhaka-Rangpur Highway turns miserable within a year of repairn
Our Correspondent, GaibandhaBarely one year has elapsed since the
repair works, myriad big and small potholes have developed on the
Dhaka-Rangpur highway that covers 32km in the district.
Consequently, the vehicles plying on the dilapidated highway
have been victim of ac-cidents repeatedly.
It was learnt from Gaibandha Roads and High-ways Department
(RHD) that some 32km of Dha-ka-Rangpur highway is situated in the
district stretching from Fasitola area of Gubindaganj upazila to
Dhaperhat of Sadullahpur upazila.
Last year there was a carpeting works on the 32km highway at a
cost of Tk23 crore. While visiting, the correspondent found that
carpeting got badly damaged in many plac-es and many potholes
appeared on the road within the short span of time.
Nayon Chandra Saha, businessman from Dhaperhat area, said the
patients in ambu-lance face a tough time in the shaking by dint of
the potholes on the road.
A local journalist namely Aminul Islam
opined that most of the long-route buses meet accidents
particularly during crossing the 32km part. He continued that three
people got killed and at least 40 others injured in road accidents
on the highway in last two months.
A bus driver named Amirul Islam from Po-lashbari upazila town
said the potholes of the road got lled during rain and they failed
to assume the depth of those resulting repeated accidents appeared
there despite their cau-tious driving.
Local Awami League leader and former Po-lasbari upazila chairman
AKM Moksed Chow-
dhury Bidyut blamed low-standard works of the road while one
year has barely passed af-ter the carpeting.
Local RHD has not paid any heed to the re-peated calls from the
locals to take necessary steps to run repair works anew for the
sake of them, the ex-chairman alleged.
Denying the allegation of using sub-stand-ard materials in the
construction by the con-tractor, Gaibandha RHD Executive Engineer
Mahbubul Alam Khan said: The road is t for plying at best 12mt
vehicles, but about 20-25mt goods-laden trucks are using it daily,
leaving the road in dilapidated condition de-spite having repaired
one year ago.
Besides, many shops erected on both sides surpass the height of
the road and that was why rainwater could not move easily causing a
great damage to the carpeting, the RHD en-gineer went on.
Local MP from Gaibandha 3 constituency Dr Yunus Ali Sarkar said:
Thousands of ve-hicles ply on the highway daily amid a great risk
and that is why repeated accidents appear there. Its repair works
is urgently needed. l
Seven pharmacies ned, one sealed o n Tribune ReportTwo
pharmacies were ned with Tk6 lakh at Kolabagan in the capital
yesterday for selling foreign-made medicines without approval.
The pharmacies which were nes are Lazz Pharama and Tazrin
Firoz Ahmed, magistrate of RAB 1, con-ducted a drive in the area
and ned Lazz Phar-ma with Tk4 lakh while Tazrin Pharma with Tk 2
A mobile court ned ve pharmacies with a total of Tk55,000 for
selling drugs without
license in Kotwali and Bakalia areas of Chit-tagong
It sealed o another drug store for selling fake medicine and
seized drugs worth Tk1 lakh.
The court ned Buj Pharmacy with Tk5,000, Boshudha Pharmacy with
Tk5,000, BN Pharmacy with Tk20,000, Haque Phar-macy with Tk10,000,
Tusna Medical Hall with Tk10,000, and Japan Dental Care with
Tk5,000, said Executive Magistrate Ruhul Amin, who led the
It sealed o Tushna Medical for selling fake medicines. l
Two Bangladeshis shot by BSF n Our Correspondent, ThakurgaonTwo
cattle traders are receiving treatment at a hospital in Rangpur
after being bullet injured by the members of the Indian Border
Security Forces. Local sources said members of the BSF opened re on
Kotwal Haque, 35, and Musam, 25, at Beraojhari border while they
were return-ing from India with cattle. Tushar Bin Yusuf told the
Dhaka Tribune that they would hold a ag meeting with BSF soon over
the matter. l
Thousands of vehicles ply on the highway daily amid a great risk
and that is why repeated accidents appear there. Its repair works
is urgently needed
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015NEWS 7
D H A K ATODAY TOMORROW
SUN SETS 6:14PM SUN RISES 6:14AM
YESTERDAYS HIGH AND LOW
Jessore & Chuadanga Khepupara
F O R E C A S T F O R T O D A YDhaka 33 26Chittagong 32
26Rajshahi 34 26Rangpur 32 23Khulna 34 26Barisal 33 26Sylhet 30
24Coxs Bazar 31 26
PRAYER TIMESFajr 4:22am
Sunrise 5:40amJumma 11:58am
Asr 4:27pmMagrib 6:14pm
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4
THUNDERSHOWER WITH RAIN
Three charged for assaulting female student at DU n DU
CorrespondentThree activists of Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL)
Dhaka University unit have been al-leged for physically assaulting
a female stu-dent on campus.
Shahbagh police held the three Ratul Hasan Nayeem, Amirul Islam
and Nazmul Sakib from the campus on Wednesday.
Ratul is a student of applied mathematics while Amirul and
Nazmul study zoology and statistics at the university. All of them
are honours rst year students and residents of Amar Ekushey Hall,
DU, said Dhaka Universi-ty acting proctor Amzad Ali.
They were temporarily suspended yester-day, he told the Dhaka
According to the proctor, on Tuesday around 1:30am, a female
student of popula-tion science, DU, was chatting with two male
friends in the TSC area. The three students came at the spot and
started charging the girl for chatting with two outsiders of the
univer-sity at that hour in the area. Eventually their conversation
turned into a brawl and the three men started beating the girl and
the two boys.
The next day, the female student submit-ted a written compliant
at the proctors o ce and led a case with Shahabag police
An investigation committee would be formed on the matter soon
and further action would be taken following the investigation, said
the proc-tor. The three arrested were sent to jail. l
SUST students give 48-hour ultimatum for VCs resignationn Our
Correspondent, SylhetStudents of Shahjalal University for Science
and Technology (SUST) expressing solidarity with agitating teachers
gave 48 hours ultima-tum for the resignation of Vice-Chancellor
Professor Aminul Haque Bhuiyan.
The students gave the ultimatum after a sit-in programme in
front of vice-chancellors o ce.
The students threatened to announce tougher movement if the VC
does not resign by the stipulated time.
Earlier, the general students joined a pro-cession brought out
by teachers from univer-sity library.
Meanwhile, teachers under the banner of Mohan Muktijuddher
Chetonay Udbudhho Shikhak Forum declared that they would ob-serve
work abstention on Sunday.
Yesterday, the teachers observed work ab-stention for four hours
as part of their 3-day programme protesting the attack on the
teachers and demanding removal of the VC.
After the work abstention, Professor Sham-sul Haque said the VC
had used his terrorist group against teachers.
He said: We will continue our movement until the VC resigns.
He said: If the VC would not resign by Sunday we will announce
our next course of action on that day.
He also said examinations at all the depart-ments would be held
according to schedule. But the agitating teachers would not conduct
any class during the strike.
The pro-Awami League teachers had been continuing their movement
to remove VC Prof Aminul Haque Bhuiyan since April 12 this
On August 24, the Education Ministry sent a letter to the
authorities concerned of the university requesting all to run the
On August 30, 10 teachers of the university were assaulted by
the leaders and activists of Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL) in
front of the vice-chancellors o ce. l
ROAD ACCIDENT IN UAE
Joyful wait turns into despairn Tarek Mahmud, ChittagongThe
families were waiting cheerfully to wel-come their beloved
expatriate family mem-bers, who were scheduled to arrive in the
country next week ahead of Eid-ul Azha.
But their joyful wait turned to sorrow and mourning when the
families heard that their family members living abroad were killed
in a road accident on Wednesday at noon.
Now, the families of three deceased people, killed in a car
accident in the capital of Unit-ed Arab Emirates, are waiting to
receive the bodies of the victims who had gone abroad several years
back to improve their families nancial conditions.
The bodies of the deceased Akhtar Hos-sain of East Dholoi in
upazila, Md Farhad of Natoan Bagicha under Raozan upazila in
Chittagong, and Muham-mad Ilias of Noapara area in Raozan are
be-ing kept at Al Ain Al Jimi Hospital in UAE.
The two who were injured - Belal and Sai-ful, both from Raozan -
were also admitted to the same hospital.
On Wednesday, a car, carrying the ve men, lost control and hit
the central reservoir of a road in Al Khazna area of Al Ain in UAE
at around 7am (local time) while they were on their way to work,
leaving the three dead on the spot and two others critically
The authorities concerned said they had contacted the families
of the deceased and the bodies would be sent to Bangladesh
fol-lowing due procedures.
Sexagenarian Md Abu Jafor lost all hope for
life since losing his beloved son, Farhad. We were happy when we
would be coming this Eid, but now we are waiting for his body,
the old man said, blam-ing his fate.
Akhtars brother Rahmat Ali said: Akhter had gone to Al Ain to
send home money from there. He phoned his wife Bilkis Akhter
be-fore boarding the car. He was scheduled to arrive home on
My two nieces lost their father at a very early age, while the
family has fallen into deep trouble by losing the lone wage earner
of the family, he added.
Iliass wife, his two sons and a daughter live in the port citys
Kuaish area. They are also in deep grief, having lost the lone
bread-winner of their family. l
Dhaka South City Corporation demolishes structures illegally set
up on the footpath of Shat Masjid Road in the capital yesterday
Schengen: Europes open borders in questionn Reuters, BrusselsThe
names Kos, Lampedusa, Hegyeshalom may go down in histories of
Europes 2015 ref-ugee crisis yet it is an obscure village in
Lux-embourg, far from the human drama, that is hogging
Schengen, on the vine- anked Moselle where old enemies France
and Germany meet, gave its name 30 years ago to the code which
removed border controls between most European states. Now, feuding
over who should shelter hundreds of thousands of people on the move
seeking asylum has put Schengen under threat.
The European Commission, the executive of the European Union
which enforces the Schengen rules on 26 states including four
non-EU members, has ruled out any change. It describes Schengen as
one of the greatest achievements of the postwar peace, a boon for
citizens and non-European visitors, as well as for business.
Its not Schengen thats the problem, the commissioner in charge
of it, Dimitris Avram-opoulos, said as Budapest, Vienna and Berlin
bicker about what to do with thousands of mainly Syrian refugees
trying to reach Ger-many from the Balkans.
The problem, most EU leaders agree, lies less with the lack of
internal borders than with the blocs external frontiers and with
an-other town inscribed in its statutes - Dublin. (With a touch of
irony, Ireland, like Britain, shuns the Schengen zone.)
A system rst agreed at Dublin in 1990 means that people
requesting asylum must be housed and have their claims processed in
the state in which they rst arrived in the EU. A surge in arrivals
by sea has left Italy and Greece struggling. Chaos in Greece means
many move on across the Balkans to reach Hungary.
Accepting the Dublin rules must be xed to spread the load, the
Commission proposed to send some asylum-seekers from Italy and
Greece around the EU according to quo-tas based on countries
population, wealth and so on. Bickering has held that up, while
Greece and Italy have resorted to DIY meth-ods to relieve the
pressure, simply letting mi-grants head north over their
That has seen France step up checks on tra c around its Italian
border, Danes mon-itoring their German frontier more closely and,
this week, Austrian police mounting operations on roads from
Hungary. If such procedures are increased and endure, they could
undermine Schengens principles of free transit.
As yet, there appears little appetite among governments to
challenge the Commission and undertake the cost and disruption of
rede-ploying frontier police to make routine docu-ment checks to
intercept the few thousands of migrants, among the millions
travelling every day, who are not entitled to move country.
But German Chancellor Angela Merkel, fearful for the open-border
system, this week
brandished that danger to Schengen as a means to focus minds on
agreeing to x Dub-lin: If we dont succeed in fairly distributing
refugees, she said, Then of course the Schen-gen question will be
on the agenda for many.
Schengen has also come under attack from some who argue that it
has made life easier for criminals, including the suspected
Moroc-can Islamist accused of attacking an interna-tional train
from Amsterdam via Brussels to Paris last month. The Commission
says the Schengen code gives states su cient powers to carry out
both security and identity checks where these can be justi ed.
For many political leaders, however, the fate of Schengen is so
bound up with the European Unions essential sense of self, as the
response to centuries of war between na-tions, that calls for major
change will meet heavy resistance. l
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
First Tamil in 32 years to lead S Lanka oppositionn AFP,
ColomboA Tamil lawmaker became leader of the op-position in Sri
Lankas parliament for the rst time in 32 years on Thursday, in the
latest sign of progress towards ethnic reconciliation on the once
bitterly divided island.
Rajavarothiam Sampanthan is the rst lawmaker from the ethnic
minority to lead the opposition since 1983, when Tamil leg-islators
resigned en masse to protest against a statute that compelled them
to denounce separatism.
The 82-year-old moderate heads the Tamil National Alliance
(TNA), which emerged from last months election as the third-largest
force with 16 seats in the 225-member assembly.
Our primary duty is to ensure that there is an acceptable
resolution to the Tamil ques-tion, Sampanthan told the House on
Sri Lankans voted overwhelmingly in last months polls to
continue what Prime Minis-ter Ranil Wickremesinghe called the
January 8 revolution in reference to the toppling of the former
president Mahinda Rajapakse, who oversaw the crushing of the Tamil
Tiger guerrillas that ended the war in 2009.
The UN Human Rights Council will this month produce the results
of an investigation into war crimes said to have been committed in
Sri Lanka over six years ago. l
THE TODDLER WHO SHOOK GLOBAL CONSCIENCE
The tiny body of the three-year-old Syrian Alyan Kurdi washed up
in the Aegean resort of Bodrum in Turkey on Wednesday. His
ve-year-old brother Galip and mother Rehan, 35, also died after
their boat capsized while trying to reach the Greek island of Kos.
Souces said his family was trying to emigrate to Canada. The image
swept social media on Wednesday, spawning sympathy and outrage at
the perceived inaction of developed nations in helping refugees
Khamenei: Nuclear deal rests on lifting sanctionsn AFP,
TehranIranian supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khame-nei warned anew
Thursday that there could be no nuclear deal with the West if
sanctions imposed on Tehran are not lifted.
Khamenei, who has the last say in matters of policy, also said
he believes Irans parlia-ment (majlis) should make up its own mind
about landmark July 14 deal struck with six world powers.
I believe... that it is not in the interest of the majlis to be
sidelined, Khamenei said.
I have no recommendation for the ma-jlis on how it should
examine it; it is up to the representatives of the nation to decide
whether to reject or ratify it.
Khameneis comments, published on his personal website, come as a
debate rages in Iran over whether the majlis should ratify or
reject the deal.
Most US lawmakers oppose it, but President Barack Obama has
enough backers in the Sen-ate to uphold his certain veto of any
congres-sional resolution disapproving it. Irans par-liament and
the US Congress need to vote in the coming weeks on the agreement
struck in Vienna before it can be implemented.
But formal oversight of the accord rests with Irans Supreme
National Security Coun-cil, a powerful committee headed by
Pres-ident Hassan Rouhani, which reports to Khamenei.
The deal between Iran and Britain, Chi-na, France, Germany,
Russia and the United States aims to curb Tehrans nuclear drive in
exchange for a gradual lifting of sanctions im-posed on its economy
since 2006. l
Intruders on the tracksearly Wednesday, trainsdisrupted
Hundreds of passengersleft stranded
Latest developments of refugee crisis in Europe
Budapest, HUNGARYSeveral hundred migrants storm the station
Parndorf, AUSTRIA71 people found dead in an abandoned truck on
the motorway August 27
Bavaria, GERMANYA record 3,500 asylum-seekers arrive Tuesday
Calais, FRANCESome 3,000 migrants camped out
Athens, GREECETwo government-chartedships carrying some 4,300
people dock Wednesday
Bodrum, TURKEY12 Syrian migrants drownafter setting off the
Greek island of Kos early WednesdayImages of a child lying dead on
a beach dominate front pages throughout Europe
Vienna, AUSTRIA3,650 migrants arrive by train on Monday
MediterraneanMore than 350,000 have crossed the sea so far this
yearAt least 2,600 have died on the crossing
Updated September 3
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
China to cut 300,000 troops by 2017n Reuters, BeijingA 300,000
troop reduction announced by Chi-nese President Xi Jinping on
Thursday will be completed by the end of 2017, the Defence Ministry
Xi made the surprise announcement at the opening of a military
parade marking 70 years since the end of World War II. The cut
represents a little more than a tenth of the militarys 2.3m strong
The reduction will make the Peoples Lib-eration Army more modern
and better able to achieve the aim of China having a strong
mili-tary, the ministry said in a question and answer statement
carried by the Xinhua news agency.
The Chinese armed forces will be slimmer but more capable, and
their composition will be more scienti c, it said.
This is the fourth time since the 1980s that China will be
reducing its military numbers, as it speeds up an ambitious
modernisation programme which has seen the development of stealth
jets and anti-satellite missiles.
The focus of the cut announced on Thursday will be on phasing
out outdated equipment, simplifying administrative and non-combat
roles and adjusting and improving military structure, the Chinese
ministry said, adding it would be basically completed by late 2017.
No proof Yasser Arafat poisonedn AFP, Nanterre, France French
judges investigating claims that Pal-estinian leader Yasser Arafat
was murdered have closed the case without bringing any charges, a
prosecutor said on Wednesday.
At the end of the investigation... it has not been demonstrated
that Mr Yass-er Arafat was murdered by polonium-210 poisoning, the
three judges ruled, ac-cording to the prosecutor at Nanterre court
Arafat died in Percy military hospital near Paris aged 75 in
November 2004 after devel-oping stomach pains while at his
headquar-ters in the West Bank city of Ramallah. Many Palestinians
accuse Israel of poisoning Ara-fat, a charge atly denied by the
Arafats widow, claiming that her hus-band was poisoned by highly
radioactive polonium, led the suit in 2012 at the Nanterre
She made the claim based on ndings of a Swiss centre, which had
tested biolog-ical samples taken from Arafats belong-ings that were
given to his widow after his death. The centre claimed that their
tests found abnormal levels of polonium. But it stopped short of
saying that he had been poisoned by the substance.
The judges concluded their investiga-tions in April and sent
their ndings to the Nanterre prosecutor, who recommended in July
that the case be dropped. Lawyers for Arafats widow said the
investigation had been fundamentally biased and accused the judges
of closing the probe too quickly.l
Source: Japan government/Military Balance 2015/SIPRI/cfr.org
2014 military expenditureCompiled bySIPRI
Military power compared
Russia rejects proposal to limit UN veton AFP, United
NationsRussia on Wednesday dismissed as populist a French proposal
to limit the use of the veto at the UN Security Council and said it
would oppose it.
France has launched an initiative to per-suade the other four
Security Council perma-nent members Britain, China, Russia and the
United States to refrain from using their veto when action is
required to address a mass atrocity.
We are against it, Russian Ambassador Vitaly Churkin told
reporters. We think this is not a workable proposition.
It was the rst time that Russia had come out so clearly in
opposition to restricting the use of the veto, which some blame for
the lack of e ective measures to end the war in Syria.
The French proposal gained traction after Russia and China used
their veto power last year to block a resolution asking the
Interna-tional Criminal Court to investigate crimes committed in
Churkin argued that declaring that mass atrocities have occurred
could become a politi-cal tool, and raised questions about who
would be empowered to make that determination.
Russia in July blocked two resolutions by resorting to its veto
power, one that would have declared the Srebrenica massacre in
Bosnia to be a genocide and another on set-ting up a tribunal to
try those responsible for the downing of Flight MH17 over Ukraine.
New approach to old alliance for Saudi King and Obaman Reuters,
RiyadhSaudi Arabias King Salman will meet US Pres-ident Barack
Obama in Washington today, aiming to push him for more support in
Ri-yadhs e orts to counter Iran after it agreed to a nuclear deal
that will relieve Tehran of some international pressure.
Despite Saudi disappointment with Oba-mas push for a nuclear
deal with Iran and his lack of direct action against President
Bashar al-Assad in Syria, the US role in Riyadhs war in Yemen shows
Washington remains the kingdoms core strategic partner.
The relationship is entering a new phase. It is still a
partnership, but Saudi Arabia is be-coming more independent. And I
think the Americans like that. They are not objecting to our active
foreign policy, but cooperating with us on that front, said Jamal
Khashoggi, head of al-Arab News Channel.
The relationship, a mainstay of the Middle Easts security
balance, has su ered turbulence since Riyadh faulted what it saw as
Obamas withdrawal from the region, and a perceived tilt toward Iran
since the 2011 Arab uprisings.
Since Salman took power in January, he has abandoned Riyadhs
traditional reliance on Washington to do the heavy lifting in
Mid-dle East security, instead embarking on a war in Yemen and
boosting support for rebels against Assad in Syria.
It showed both Riyadhs increasing sense of independence, and
willingness to work with regional allies instead of Washington.
But it also a more transactional approach to relations with the
Unlike at some earlier points in the re-lationship, cooperation
now appears to be limited, either to instances where interests
directly overlap, or to support in one area in exchange for
Obama has been keen for Washingtons allies to take on a bigger
role in regional security issues as part of his e orts to reduce
American involve-ment in the Middle Easts many messy con icts.
Nuclear falloutThe clearest evidence of that shift in the
rela-tionship is in Yemen, where Riyadh formed a coalition of 10
Arab states in air strikes against the Iran-allied Houthi forces in
March, a cam-paign that relies heavily on American military
While US o cials have talked of a need for Riyadh to do more to
avoid civilian casualties, Washingtons role in accelerating weapons
de-livery as well as intelligence and logistical aid has been
indispensable to the Saudi war e ort.
Many Saudis regard such material Ameri-can support in the Yemen
war as part of Oba-mas e orts to reassure the kingdom and its Gulf
allies that the Iran nuclear deal does not mean Washington will
allow Tehran to domi-nate the Middle East.
Riyadh is convinced that Iran is bent on achieving regional
hegemony through proxy militias in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Yemen,
thereby destabilising the entire region and undermining the
kingdoms own stability.
Washington, while critical of Irans region-al role, does not see
it in such dire terms.
The Saudis fear that by relieving sanctions on Iran, the nuclear
deal will give Tehran more money and political freedom to back
clients like Hezbollah in Lebanon and Iraqs Shiite militias, as
well as allies like Yemens Houthis. Riyadhs public response to the
deal, combining lukewarm praise with the proviso that its success
would depend on tough in-spections, was accompanied by private
ex-pressions of concern by Saudi o cials.
Syrian crisisThe next big test of ties between the two countries
is likely to be in Syria, where Saudi Arabia has frequently
described Assads use of air raids and artillery on civilian areas
as geno-cidal, and has described Irans support for mi-litias there
as constituting an occupation.
While Obama has said Assad can have no role in Syrias future,
his bigger focus has been on the militant threat posed by Islamic
While Riyadh helped corral regional states to join US-led air
strikes against IS in Syria last year, it has been disappointed by
Washing-tons limited e orts to train and arm non-ji-hadist rebel
Saudi Arabia, along with Qatar and Turkey, appears to have
stepped up the backing of re-bel groups this year, helping them to
achieve advances against Assad. If its Yemen cam-paign succeeds,
with American help, Riyadh may be emboldened to increase that
support still further. l
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015ADVERTISEMENT10DT
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
We mourn the over 150 people who drowned when two boats capsized
in the Mediterranean Sea o the Libyan coast last week.Many of the
victims were Bangladeshis who had been safely working in Libya
until political turmoil took away their jobs and human tra ckers
were able to lure them with false promises. At least 24 Bangladeshi
victims were buried on Sunday and more may be identi ed among
bodies being recovered.
Despite many reports about the callous and cruel way in which
people smugglers operate, tra cking gangs operate widely across
many parts of the world including within Bangladesh. The victims
from Libya are reported to have paid approximately Tk60,000 each to
Their plight echoes that of the many Bangladeshis stranded in
recent months o the coast of Malaysia, after being tricked into
boarding over-crowded boats, with little or no chance of legal
employment at the end of their perilous journeys.
Joined-up action is needed by governments around the world to
put an end to this despicable trade in human misery.
As a nation which bene ts hugely from remittances with some 8
million citizens working abroad, we need our government to give
much higher priority to working with other nations to address the
root causes of this problem.
Facilitating safe and legal migration is the most e ective way
available to root out illegal tra ckers. The government should
negotiate more agreements with labour importing nations, such as
the arrangement agreed with Saudi Arabia this year for it to import
10,000 workers a month free of cost.
It must also increase investment in skills and language training
for would be Bangladeshi migrants. This would make more of them
attractive to labour-importing nations and less vulnerable to
exploitation, while having the added bene t of enabling workers to
seek higher value jobs at home.
The government should negotiate more agreements with labour
importing nations, such as the arrangement agreed with Saudi Arabia
this year for it to import 10,000 workers a month free of cost
Time to put an end to human tra cking
The South Asian learning crisis
Clean up Dhaka is a rubbish initiativeVolunteers are no way to
clean a grow-ing mega-city that produces over 5,000 tonnes of solid
waste each day
Be heardWrite to Dhaka Tribune
FR Tower, 8/C Panthapath, Shukrabad, Dhaka-1207
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NSA says no to beaching shipsBangladesh, Pakistan, and India
account for around 90% of the worlds scrapping capacity for large
Much of the progress in improving access to education in
Bangladesh and elsewhere in South Asia may not have created
tangible gains in cognitive skills. Therefore, future strategies
aiming to prepare millions of youths for a life of work must start
by xing the school system
OPINION12DTFRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
n Asif Baul
If you were one of the volunteers who joined Clean up Dhaka and
Dhaka Norths mayor to sweep up garbage outside the Parbat cinema in
Gabtoli last Friday, I would like to say well done.
But I cannot say thank you for the idea. Volunteers are no way
to clean a growing mega-city that produces over 5,000 tons of solid
waste each day.
As they say on their Facebook page, Clean up Dhaka is just seven
kids from Japan, (university students to be precise) who came to
Bangladesh because they wanted to do something to initiate a
sustainable change to encourage residents to clean up the city
together and make Dhaka more liveable.
Laudable as their intentions are, vol-unteering is a futile
approach for such an important task.
Of course, if this is the way these students want to spend their
holidays, well then good
for them; its nice that they are humbly trying to be the change
they want to see in the world.
But Dhakas waste disposal challenge is simply too big a problem
to be left to volun-teers.
Even if all the tens of thousands who liked CUDs Facebook page
started giving a dozen hours a week to clean up bits of Dhaka
(after making their own beds and cleaning their own bathrooms and
kitchens of course), it wouldnt solve the problem or in any way
amount to a sustainable change.
I realise this is no way to court popularity with clicktivists,
but so be it, I need a hobby when Im not busy pulling candy away
No, cleaning up Dhaka is a job for its may-ors and city
corporations. They need to pull their socks up and start delivering
practical solutions which go beyond campaign slogans and photo
Thing is, cleaning up a city is not exactly
rocket science. Its not even what Sherlock Holmes called a
two-pipe problem. Every-one knows what it takes to tidy their own
room and can look up the simple, proven ways in which other big
cities manage to clean up and recycle their waste.
The school-boy error in CUDs thinking is focusing on the
collection part, when lack of labour is not the cause of Dhakas
waste man-agement problems. As it is, many apartment blocks are
served daily by waste collectors. Theyre even nicely green and
cycle driven. Trouble is even when waste is regularly collected
(and perhaps half the citys waste is not) it tends to be dumped
very close-by for sorting on the many notoriously noxious skips
which block our citys roads.
By the time waste reaches o cial land lls at Amin Bazar and
Matuail, who knows how much has been responsibly recycled by waste
pickers? Not me for sure.
And probably not the city corporations either, judging by the
complacency with which city-dwellers tolerate their lakes and green
spaces being polluted. If people who are privately clean in their
own households werent so complacent about public squalor, Dhaka
would have had some Beirut style you stink protests by now,
For all this, it is still easy to imagine what a truly
cleaned-up Dhaka should look like. Reg-ularly emptied recycling
bins outside every apartment block, o ce building, and place of
worship, where residents are encouraged to dispose of litter
Volunteers would not feel left out as everyone would be asked to
help pre-sort paper, plastics, and other renewables, and to help
community-based recycling schemes make local use of composted
On a nation-wide scale, land lls and sewage systems could be
adapted to generate bio-gas and there would be strictly enforced
laws to ensure electronic and electrical equipment is safely
disposed of and profes-sionally recycled.
A science ction pipe dream, or an abso-lute necessity to stop
the poisoning of the environment and generate new (and less
haz-ardous) income for the citys waste collectors and
Well, it will cost money for sure, but its not as if companies
and governments from
France and Japan havent been active in help-ing to update sewage
services and provide garbage trucks.
And what could be a more basic way to ex-pect mayors to spend
tax-payer money than taking away the trash?
So, Ill end with a tip for Dhaka Norths mayor to reconsider how
he should spend the Tk500cr he reportedly sought from the nance
ministry earlier this year to construct new city corporation
My back-of-the-envelope arithmetic sug-gests that, give or take,
this is around $64m.
Lets say we let the city corporation take a good third of this
amount, $24m, to rent ex-tra o ce space. Over a four-year period,
$6m a year could be spent to cover its o ce needs, while it
concentrates on getting the basics of rubbish collection and
Ignoring currency uctuations, this would still leave around
So consider this. Search engines suggest a brand new 240 litre
wheelie bin can be bought in Australia for prices between $80 and
$100. Chinese suppliers on Alibaba meanwhile o er 360 litre bins
from $35 each at freight on board price. These quotes do not take
into account discounts for bulk orders, or the aggressive
bargaining skills of local rickshaw users. And that is without even
allowing for the possibility of local sourcing.
For the sake of argument though, even if it cost $100 each to
procure one large bin, $1,000 could supply 10 large new bins, and
$30m at least 300,000.
Of course, youd need several di erent bins per building to allow
for separation of food waste and other recyclables, but $30m would
still cover a set of new large bins for a lot of buildings.
Now lets consider garbage trucks. One can see 15 cubic metre
garbage trucks being advertised online for under $60,000 each.
Staying conservative, Ill say this means it may still cost a
million dollars to procure 10 garbage trucks.
Depending on how you want to cut it, that means Dhaka North
could buy at least 150 garbage trucks and 150,000 large bins for
All this would still leave some $10m, or $2.5m a year if were
going on four-year electoral cycles, to top up garbage collectors
wages or hire a few new ones.
Personally, I think something like this would be a better way
forward for the mayor than taking part in a photo op. It wouldnt
solve everything, but, combined with more professional management
of city services, it would be a good start.
Clean up Dhaka is right to demand more action to ful ll its aim.
Of course, everyone in the city needs to go beyond simply cleaning
their own houses, while rubbish and pollu-tion literally pile up
next to their houses and clog our water-ways.
But this needs a grown-up professional city corporation. Not a
few volunteers to tidy up rubbish now and then. Thats a rubbish
Asif Baulis an occasional compere and stand-up comedian.
Clean up Dhaka is a rubbish initiativeDhaka needs a
professional, grown-up city corporation
Volunteers are no way to clean a growing mega-city that produces
over 5,000 tonnes of solid waste each day
The question of how to deal with our massive amounts of waste is
a burning one BIGSTOCK
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
n Sturla Henriksen
The majority of ships have a 25-30 year lifecycle before reduced
e -ciency, increased wear and tear, and costly repairs make their
continued service unpro table.
Usually, at this point, for both commercial and environmental
reasons, it is sensible to scrap the ship and recycle its
Today, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India account for around 90% of
the worlds scrapping capacity for large ships. Although there are
signi cant di erences between the ship-breaking locations, the
conditions in many of them are totally incompatible with the
expectations and demands we otherwise set for the industry,
concerning health, safe-ty, and the environment.
By necessity, the dismantling of ships has to occur at the
coast, where land meets the sea. There is currently no clear and
unambig-uous de nition of the term beaching. In its simplest form,
it describes an activity where large vessels are driven up onto
beaches to be manually dismantled.
We de ne beaching as the recycling of ships without the use of
xed installations for collection and handling of dangerous and
Witnessing the conditions workers endure on many of the beaches
at these so-called ship-breaking yards, makes a strong impres-sion.
In addition, a common feature of beach-
ing practices is that ships are deposited at beaches situated on
unprotected coastlines, meaning that tide-waters wash over and then
discharge hazardous substances into the surrounding
There is a lack of infrastructure in place for the scrapped
ships, and this makes it di cult to use cranes and other heavy
tools, which would normally be required in the proper dismantling
of large vessels. As a result, the operations often pose great risk
to the health and well-being of workers, in addition to the damage
they cause to the environment. We are also aware that the actual
conditions in many of these places have barely improved over recent
This is unacceptable. There is a responsibility for both
ship-owners and authorities to ensure both responsible practices
and acceptable standards for this industry.
The NSA has, for many years, worked internationally to improve
standards in ship-breaking. For a globalised industry such as
shipping, only a binding frame-work of international rules will
ensure uniform high-er standards. Together with the Norwegian
authorities, we have been at the vanguard of e orts to establish a
regulatory frame-work under the auspices of the UN.
The result was the Hong Kong Conven-tion of 2009, a milestone in
the campaign to improve conditions at ship-breaking yards. The
convention includes a requirement to provide documented plans to
ensure the safe-guarding of the environment and the security of
It remains a major challenge that this convention, six years
after it was initially adopted, has yet to enter into force due to
a lack of rati cation from participating countries. Norway is one
of only three countries that have so far rati ed the
This is dragging on much too long, and the NSA is working
actively in international forums to help accelerate the protracted
rati cation process. In the near future we will, amongst other
things, participate in a delegation together with the European
Shipowners Association (ECSA) visiting some of the major Asian
ship-breaking nations to initiate a dialogue on what can
practicably be done to stimulate faster development in line with
the provisions of the Hong Kong convention.
At the same time, the NSA has, and is, taking responsibility
independently, giving the following advice to its members:
We consider that ship-owners have an independent responsibility
to ensure proper recycling of their ships. This also applies to
ships sold to third parties prior to recycling.
We urge our members to adhere to the Hong Kong Convention,
although it has not yet entered into force, and to choose
recy-cling facilities that adhere to the Hong Kong Convention.
We advise our members against recycling ships at yards using
beaching as a method.
Taking this stand comes with a price tag to our members. Selling
to beaching yards often results in a payback of between $3-7million
more per ship than they would receive if choosing a more
responsible, full standard scrapping yard.
Nevertheless, we, as one of the largest and strongest ship-owner
communities, want to give a clear indication of what we expect from
a responsible, environmentally friendly and modern, quality
shipping industry. l
Sturla Henriksen is CEO, Norwegian Shipowners Association
NSA says no to beaching shipsThe Norwegian Shipowners
Association has been working internationally to improve standards
Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India account for around 90% of the
worlds scrapping capacity for large ships
The term beaching describes an activity where large vessels are
driven up onto beaches to be manually dismantled BIGSTOCK
OPINION14DTFRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
n M Niaz Asadullah
South Asia is home to a growing youth population, and widely
considered to bene t from the demographic dividend in the coming
decades. The United Nations Population Funds State of World
Population 2014 report, The Power of 1.8 Billion: Adolescents,
Youth, and the Transformation of the Future therefore calls for
increased investment in youths and adolescents.
Most governments in South Asia have already invested heavily in
education to achieve the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target
of universal primary education for all children by 2015, and have
succeeded in closing school enrollment rate gaps vis-a-vis other
However, two in uential reports
published in 2014 have singled out South Asia as a region
undergoing an education crisis. According to the United Nations
Educational, Scienti c, and Cultural Organisations Education for
All Global Monitoring Report 2014, schools in South Asia are
failing in terms of learning outcomes. In terms of global ranking,
students from India and Pakistan perform only better than those in
A World Bank report published in late 2014 Student Learning in
South Asia: Challenges, Opportunities, and Policy Priorities has
gone one step further by looking into emerging evidence from new
micro data sets.The report, by far the most comprehensive to
analyse the performance of South Asian educational systems in terms
of student learning, con rms the low level of student learning
across the region: Up to one-third
of those completing primary school lack basic numeracy and
Recent research conducted in Bangladesh, however, indicates that
the learning crisis is much more severe than previously thought --
learning achieved against years spent in school is very low across
The World Bank study Assessing Basic Learning Skills by Vincent
Greaney and Shahidur Khandker was the rst to document the case of
schooling without learning in South Asia.Conducted in 1992 in
Bangladesh, the study assessed basic literacy and numeracy among
5,200 individuals and found that the majority of those who had
completed primary schooling failed to attain minimum standards in
four areas: Reading, writing, written mathematics, and oral
The level of competency in basic numeracy skills was
particularly low, even when focusing on graduates of primary school
enrolled in secondary school.
In a recently published study (The Dissonance between Schooling
and Learning: Evidence from Rural Bangladesh, by MN Asadullah and N
Chaudhury), I replicated ndings from Vincent Greaneys seminal work
16 years later as part of a research project on the state of
student learning in rural Bangladesh. We focused on children who
were 10-17 years old and tested them using a sub-set of Greaneys
written and oral numeracy tests.
They were examined irrespective of whether they were in school,
or never chose to enroll. The ndings are striking. Children, on
average, increase their written math scores (ie percentage of
correctly answered questions) by 6.4% per year of schooling (grades
one to nine). Once we account for di erences in child attributes,
parental characteristics, and a measure of cognitive ability, the
gure is even lower -- 4% per year.
Five years of primary education only raises the percentage of
correct answers by 31.6% or 6.3% per year when averaged over the ve
years; the gure is lower, 3.6%, in case of oral math.
Given that the tests are designed to assess rudimentary numeracy
skills taught at the primary level, these gures highlight a very
low level of achievement in rural Bangladesh. The learning pro le
is unusually at, and re ects a deep crisis in Bangladeshs education
In collaboration with researchers from BRAC, I revisited the
state of learning among rural adolescents in 2012 using a similar
research design. Among sample adolescents who have completed ve
years of schooling (ie primary school graduates), 30% do not have
basic numeracy skills, while 33% cannot read two simple sentences
in Bangla and 66% cannot do so in English.
A large proportion of adolescents go on to post-primary
schooling to attain these basic numeracy and literacy skills, even
though they are supposed to have achieved this by the end of
primary school. This once again points to a shallow learning pro
le. Similar evidence is also coming out from assessment exercises
carried out by the NGO, Pratham, in India and Pakistan.
With 30% of the total 158.5 million people in the age group
10-24 in Bangladesh, eight education reforms are urgent if the
country is to capitalise on the window of opportunity presented by
its bulging youth population. Equally, South Asia faces a very di
cult challenge for future economic growth and productivity if the
region fails to equip youths with adequate marketable skills.
The emerging evidence on at learning pro les challenges the
conventional wisdom that spending time in school is valuable
preparation for labour market success. Much of the progress in
improving access to education in Bangladesh and elsewhere in South
Asia may not have created tangible gains in cognitive skills.
Therefore, future strategies aiming to prepare millions of
youths for a life of work must start by xing the school
system.Otherwise, South Asia risks over-emphasising single-focused
policy prescriptions (such as enhanced access or improving physical
infrastructure at school) and may reproduce the past pattern of
schooling without learning. l
M Niaz Asadullah is Professor of Development Economics and
Deputy Director of the Centre for Poverty and Development Studies
(CPDS) at the University of Malaya. An earlier version of the
article was published in The Asia Pathways Blog of the Asian
Development Bank Institute (ADBI).
The South Asian learning crisisOur children are not being
suitably prepared for the future
Much of the progress in improving access to education in
Bangladesh and elsewhere in South Asia may not have created
tangible gains in cognitive skills. Therefore, future strategies
aiming to prepare millions of youths for a life of work must start
by xing the school system
How much are kids really learning in school these days?
15DTBusiness FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
Gazprom gets lucrative trio of deals without tender
17 Stocks end at in high volatility19Tax fair kicks o in 86
Upazilas on September 16
16IMF: Impact of China slowdown larger than expected
visit our website @www.dhakatribune.com
Moriarty hails RMG factory remediation process
n Tribune ReportThe Executive Director of Alliance for
Bang-ladesh Workers Safety, James F Moriarty, yes-terday said six
RMG factories have complet-ed 100% remediation work and ensured the
highest international standard of safety, but the remediation job
is going slowly.
The factories areGreen Textile Ltd, Kwun Tong Apparels Ltd,
Laundry Industries, Len-ny Apparels, Optimum Fashions Ltd and Uni
According to the report, Alliance in 2014 completed safety
inspections in 528 factories from which its signatories source
products and started remediation veri cation visits this year.
Moriarty, also a former US ambassador to
Bangladesh, came up with the comment at a press conference
organised by the Alliance to inform the progress of inspection in
the sec-ond year at a city hotel yesterday.
M Rabin, managing director of Alliance, was present at the
The remediation is going on at a slow pace as it takes time to
import re doors, and lack of availability of safety equipment and
exper-tise is another reason behind the slow pro-gress, said
In the second year of Alliance, six factories completed all
remediation works and ensured the highest international standards
of safety, the former envoy said.
The cost of doing business is also impor-tant in Bangladesh and
we recognize it a