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Human Computer Interaction

Date post: 25-Feb-2016
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Chapter 4:. Human Computer Interaction. Social Interaction. A fundamental aspect of everyday life is being social, interacting with each other, updating each other about news, changes and developments, activities and events. . Social Interaction:. There are many kinds of sociality. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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SOCIAL INTERACTION Human Computer Interaction Chapter 4: 1

Human Computer Interaction

Social Interaction

Human Computer Interaction

Chapter 4:


Social Interaction:

A fundamental aspect of everyday life is being social, interacting with each other, updating each other about news, changes and developments, activities and events.


Social Interaction

There are many kinds of sociality.

We will focus on:

how people communicate and collaborate in their social, work, and every day lives.

How technologies has changed the way people live in their:

Face to face interaction.

Computer-based conversation.



Can we imagine that we cannot access to our mobiles or internet for a week?

How would we cope?

Would we feel isolated and wondering what is happening in our social network life?


In this chapter I will focus on:

How people communicate & collaborate in their social every day lives.

How the communication technologies has changed the way people live.

The conversation mechanism that people use in face to face interaction, and how these changed for different kind of computer-based conversation.

The idea of Telepresence.

Technologies that have been developed to allow new form of interaction.

Social phenomena that emerged as a result of the use of social media.


Being Social

A fundamental aspect of everyday life is being social and interacting with each other.

We continuously update each other about news, changes, activities, etc.

While face to face conversation remain central to many of our social interaction. The use of social media has dramatically increased.


Key questions:??!!

How do we cope with the dramatic increase in networking in our daily lives?

Are the ways we live and interact with each other changing?

Are the rule & etiquette that we used in our face to face conversation applicable to online social behavior?


Face to face conversation:

Talking is something that is effortless and comes naturally to most people..


Conversational rules:

Sacks et al. (1978) work on conversation analysis describe three basic rules:

Rule 1: The current speaker chooses the next speaker by asking an opinion, question, or request.

Rule 2: Another person decides to start speaking.

Rule 3: The current speaker continues talking.


Chatroulette Extreme conversation:

A new way to communicate

Form of online conversation was launched in 2009 by a 17 year old Russian high school student.

A person can connect for a chat conversation with a stranger from anywhere in the world via a webcam.


Remote conversation:

conversations when people are at a distance from each other.


Technologies support Remote conversations:

Telephone: was invented in the nineteenth century: Enabling two people to talk to each other at a distance.

After that, many technologies have been developed that support remote conversation videophones & videochat

In the late 1980s 1990s, new generation of media space were developed, where Audio, video and computer systems were combined.


Remote conversation:

VideoWindow (1989):

Shared space that allowed people 50 miles apart to carry on a conversation as if in same room drinking coffee together.


Become a household name and one of the most popular forms of online conversation worldwide.


Remote conversation:

Second Life:

3D virtual life, which is popular type for work, studying, and play. Where people meet, do some activities and socialized online.


Twitter & Facebook:

People update their multiple friends and followers, continuously, while keeping know what they are doing.



Technology that design to allow a person to feel as they were present, or to give the appearance that they were present in the other location by projecting their body movements, actions and facial expressions to the other location person.



The Uses of Telepresence




Examples of telepresence technologies:

Clearboard (1993): Transparent board that shows other persons facial expression on your board as you draw.


Hypermirror (1998):

Allows people to feel as if they are in the same virtual place even though in physically different spaces.



Telepresence rooms:

Try make the remote people appear to be life-like by using multiple high definition cameras with eye-tracking features and directional microphones.



Another approach of increasing the sense of presence & togetherness for people who are at distance:

CuteCircuits Hug Shirt.




Technologies that enable co-located groups to collaborate more effectively

when working, learning and socializing..

Examples: Smartboards, Surfaces, Wii and Kinect

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=73yDRm8KaWY wii

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QjjkqBLRALo&feature=related Kinect



When people are working closely together they talk to each other, issuing commands and letting others know how they are progressing.

Non-verbal communication is also used nods, shakes, hand raising


2) Awareness

Involves knowing who is around, what is happening, and who is talking with whom.

Peripheral awareness:

keeping an eye on things happening in the external vision.

Overhearing and overseeing - allows tracking of what others are doing without explicit cues.

Situational awareness:

Being aware of what is happening around in order to understand how information, events and actions will affect on-going and future events.


Designing technologies to support awareness:

Provide awareness of others who are in different locations.


ReacTable: Revolutionary new electronic musical instrument designed to create and perform the music of today and tomorrow.



Emergent Social Phenomena

Catherina Fake, the co-founder of Flickr got off a plane after a ight she took a photo of the baggage carousel with her camera phone, and sent it to her mother who viewed it a few minutes later on the web.

The practice that showed was for friends to swap their camera phones and take pictures of each other and then compare them.



Emergent Social Phenomena

This Example of social phenomena represent how mobile technology are changing the way millions of people keep in touch.

The internet also has dramatically changed how people find out about and inform others about events, news and day-to-day activities.

People now creating and increasing the amount of digital content photos, videos, music, news, etc. and make it accessible to the world.


Reasons behind Emergent Social Phenomena:

Many of the web tools have been designed to make it easy for anyone to try them out.

Many of them also are freely available.

Its also about the social nature of human beings.