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Ipcc ar5 tourism ppt v2

Date post: 16-Jun-2015
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Climate Change: Implications for Tourism Key Findings from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report June 2014
  • 1. climateeveryonesbusinessClimate Change:Implications for TourismKey Findings from theIntergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeFifth Assessment ReportJune 2014

2. climateeveryonesb u sin e s sClimate Change: Key FindingsClimate change impacts are projected toraise global average surfacetemperature 2.64.8oC by 2100,exposing the tourism sector to numerousdirect and indirect impacts.As temperatures rise, the attractivenessof many destinations will fade.Tourism will also be affected by policychanges and efforts to reduceemissions. The contribution of tourismto global CO2 emissions ranges from3.9% to 6% of human emissions, with4.9% the best estimate.Generating more than USD 6trillion in revenue each year andproviding livelihoods to morethan 255 million people, thetourism sector is particularlyimportant for some of the worldspoorest countries. 3. climateeveryonesb u sin e s sClimate Change: ImpactsSub-sectors at risk include: Mountain and Snow tourism Forest and Lake tourism Biodiversity and Agricultural tourism Cities and Urban Centre tourism Beach and Coastal tourism Ocean and Sea Life tourismOperational level impacts will include: Reduced water availability Extreme weather events Expensive or unavailable insurance Efforts to cut emissionsClimate change, among otherfactors, will impactdestinations and operations. 4. climateeveryonesb u sin e s sClimate Change: Physical ImpactsAlongside other drivers, physical effects ofclimate change on tourism include: Sea-level rise and more acidic oceansthreatening coastal tourisminfrastructure and natural attractions. Rising temperatures shortening wintersport seasons and threaten theviability of some ski resorts. Changes in biodiversity affecting eco-tourism. Changing precipitation affecting wateravailability. 5. climateeveryonesb u sin e s sClimate Change: AdaptationAdaptation options exist, but many are likelyto add costs and offer only short-term relief.Under scenarios that see high emissions andhigher temperatures, adaptation may not bepossible. Locations at risk can invest in more resilientinfrastructure. Winter sports providers can turn to artificialsnow makers, move to higher elevations, ormarket themselves as year-rounddestinations. 6. climateeveryonesb u sin e s sClimate Change: Future MitigationThe tourism sectors contribution ofgreenhouse gas emissions is rising. Muchof its mitigation potential will be dictated byreductions from transport and the builtenvironment. Behavioural changes, such as holidayinglocally in favour of long-haul destinations,would reduce the impacts of tourism. Retrofitting the built environment orenergy-efficient new builds would cutemissions. New aircraft typically offer 20-30%improvement in efficiency. Shifting from kerosene to biofuels offers30% + cuts in direct emissions.The sectors emissions areon course to grow 130%between 2005 and 2035. 7. climateeveryonesb u sin e s sClimate Change: ConclusionAs the world becomes more affluent, thesector is expected to grow by an averageof 4% annually and reach 10% of globalGDP within ten years. There isconsiderable uncertainty about howtourists will respond to the effects ofclimate change.Academic research provides much detailon likely impacts, and on possible changesin tourism demand.These changes are likely to createopportunities at both the destination andbusiness level. But overarching conclusionsare hard to draw. 8. For more informationCambridge Institute for Sustainability [email protected] Climate [email protected]/ipccwww.europeanclimate.org