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Kemahiran abad 21

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  • 1. KURIKULUM ABAD 21

2. The World Has ChangedWe have moved into amore demanding cognitiveage, compelling people tobecome better atabsorbing, processing andcombining information.Can we learn to Who might our kindergarten childrenbe working with on an on-the-jobchange with it? project in 2025? 3. Three Question Exercise1. What will the world be like 20 years from now?2. What skills will your child need to be successful in that world?3. What would learning look like if it was designed around your answers? 3 4. Globalization Is an Integral Part of ThisGeneration Because of globalizationthe ongoing process of intensifying economic, social, and cultural exchanges across the planetyoung people the world over need more innovative thinking skills, cultural awareness, higher-order cognitive skills, and sophisticated communication and collaboration skills than ever before. 5. This is the story aboutthe big publicconversation the nation isnot having about publiceducation whether anentire generation of kidswill fail to make the gradein the Global Economybecause they cant thinktheir way throughabstract problems, workin teams, distinguishgood information frombad, or speak a languageother than English.Time Magazine Dec. 18, 20065 6. Tony Wagner, co-director of the ChangeLeadership Group, examines the U.S. educationsystem in the 21st century, considers whyAmerican students are falling behind theirinternational peers, and proposes methods tobegin to correct the downward slide.The global achievement gap is the gap betweenwhat we are teaching and testing in our schools,even in the ones that are most highly-regarded,versus the skills all students will need for careers,college, and citizenship in the 21st century.He asks them the same question, What qualities do youmost want in a potential new employee? Wagner hearsseven survival skills that the singlecritical thinking and problem solving; most importantcollaboration across networks and leading by influence; skill is the abilityagility and adaptability; to ask the rightinitiative and entrepreneurship; questionseffective oral and written communication;accessing and analyzing information; and curiosity and imagination. 7. Challenges of 21st Century TeachingGreater Need for Education in Society andEconomyHigher Standards for Learning More Diverse Students with GreaterEducational NeedsGreater Expectations of Schools for EnsuringSuccess 8. A Changing Economy MakesThinking Skills more Important100% 80% 60% 40% 20%0%190019502000Low skill jobs Knowledge work jobsSource: Partnership for 21st Century Skillshttp://www.21stcenturyskills.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=254&Itemid=120 9. 21 st Century World The Future World of WorkCreative Work Research Development Design Marketing/Sales Global Supply ChainManagement Routine Work Routine done byWork people done bymachinesSource: Partnership for 21st Century Skillshttp://www.21stcenturyskills.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=254&Itemid=120 9 10. Job Outlook 2002, National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE)10 11. Pembelajaran abad ke-20Dipimpin guruArahan langsungPengetahuanKandunganKemahiran asasTeoriKurikulumIndividuBilik darjahPentaksiran sumatifBelajar untuk sekolah 12. Pembelajaran abad ke-21Dipimpin guruBerasaskan muridArahan langsungPembelajaran kolaboratifPengetahuanKemahiranKandunganProsesKemahiran asas Pemikiran Aras TinggiTeoriPraktikalKurikulumKemahiran hidupIndividu BerkumpulanBilik darjah KomunitiPentaksiran sumatifPentaksiran formatifBelajar untuk sekolahBelajar untuk kehidupanKeseimbangan 13. "schools will be laced with a "project-basedcurriculum for life, aimed at engaging students inaddressing real-world problems, issues importantto humanity, and questions that matter. Theeducation they receive must enhance both theirknowledge and creativity. At the same time, itshould enable students to think, reason, makesound decisions, work as members of a team, andsee the relationships among things theyrelearning in various subjects--across disciplines. 14. sekolah harus menyediakan peluang pendidikandengan kurikulum berasaskan projek yangautentik dengan keadaan kehidupan sebenar,melibatkan murid menangani dan menyelesaikanmasalah kehidupan sebenar serta isu yangpenting dalam kehidupan sejagat. Pendidikanyang diberikan harus meningkatkan pengetahuandan kreativiti murid dan pada masa yang samamembolehkanmuridberfikir,menaakul,membuat keputusan yang bijak, bekerja sebagaiahli pasukan dan melihat perhubungan danperkaitan antara ilmu yang dipelajari merentaskurikulum. 15. Standard kemahiran Kreativiti & Inovasi Pemikiran Kritis dan Literasi Maklumat Penyelesaian Masalah Kemahiran belajar & Literasi Media Komunikasi & KolaborasiInovasi Literasi TeknologiMaklumat & Komunikasi)Mata pelajaran terasKemahiran Kemahirandan tema Abad ke-21 hidup & Teknologi kerjayaMaklumat, Komunikasi &Media Kebolehsuaian &fleksibelMenggunakan teknologi Mempunyai inisiatif dan Kurikulumuntuk mengakses,terarah kendirimengurus, mengintegrasi dan menilai maklumat, Kemahiran sosial dan Standard & menjana maklumat baruantara budayaPentaksiran dan berkomunikasi Produktiviti & dengan orang lainakauntabiliti Pembangunan Profesional Tanggungjawab dan Persekitaran Pembelajarankepimpinan 16. Kandungan bagi Abad ke-21Kurikulum Teras + Tema Kesedaran global Literasi kewangan, ekonomi, perdagangan dankeusahawanan Literasi sivik Kesedaran Alam Sekitar Kesedaran tentangaspek kesihatan & kesejahteraan 17. Kemahiran belajar abad ke-21 Kemahiran Maklumat & Komunikasi Literasi maklumat & media Kemahiran berkomunikasi Kemahiran Berfikir Dan Menyelesaikan Masalah Pemikiran kritikal dan Bersistem Penyelesaian Masalah Kreativiti & Semangat Meneroka Kemahiran Interpersonal & Arah Kendiri Kemahiran Interpersonal dan Kolaborasi Arah Kendiri Akauntabiliti & adaptasi Tanggungjawab Sosial 18. Perubahan kepada hasrat pendidikanKonteks pembelajaran baru membawa perubahan kepada apa yangdijangkakan melalui pendidikan dan ini melibatkan: Kebolehan berkomunikasi Kebolehsesuaian untuk berubah Kebolehan bekerja dalam pasukan Kesediaan menyelesaikan masalah Kebolehan menganalisis dan mengkonsepsikan Kebolehan membuat refleksi dan menambah baik Kebolehan mengurus kendiri Kebolehan mencipta, membuat inovasi dan mengkritik Kebolehan untuk belajar sepanjang hayat Kebolehan untuk mahir dalam pelbagai bidang (cross specialist ) 19. Kurikulum yang direkabentuk menuntutkita untuk membuat pilihan tentangapakah yang penting pada masa kini bagimembantu pelajar untuk masa depanmereka. 20. Why are 21st century skills soimportant?There are newGlobal Competition21st Century ContextsGlobal Cooperation Information Growth More Jobs & Careers Service Economy 21. Are our students ready?Are our students critical thinkersand problem solvers?Are our students globallyaware?Are our students self-directed? Are our students good collab 22. CIRI-CIRI INSAN MURID YANG DIHASRATKAN Berupaya Membuat Hubung-kaitMenyoalYakin mengambil risikoBerkemahiran Tidak berputus asa Berdikari Dahagakan ilmuKritikal Kreatif Berani MencubaIngin tahu Menguasai kemahiran literasi Bijak berkomunikasi Menjana idea mampu mencorakFleksibel Mendengar dan membuat refleksi Membuat inisiatif Mampu bekerja dengan orang lainberintegritiBerkeperibadian tinggi Mampu berfikir sendiri Belajar dari kesilapan Semangat sentiasa bolehMembuat perubahan

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