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Kemahiran abad 21

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The World Has Changed

We have moved into a more demanding cognitive age, compelling people to become better at absorbing, processing and combining information.Can we learn to change with it?

Who might our kindergarten children be working with on an on-the-job project in 2025?

3Three Question ExerciseWhat will the world be like 20 years from now?

What skills will your child need to be successful in that world?

What would learning look like if it was designed around your answers?3Globalization Is an Integral Part of This GenerationBecause of globalizationthe ongoing process of intensifying economic, social, and cultural exchanges across the planetyoung people the world over need more innovative thinking skills, cultural awareness, higher-order cognitive skills, and sophisticated communication and collaboration skills than ever before.

4This is the first generation in human history in which the fortunes of youth growing up far apart will be demonstrably linked by increasingly powerful global socioeconomic, political, and demographic realities. The immediate effects of global economy when the US stock market fellThis morning in New York City, for example, youth from more than 190 countries got up to go to school, marking the first time in human history that one city represents practically every country on the planet (Linares, 2006).


This is the story about the big public conversation the nation is not having about public education whether an entire generation of kids will fail to make the grade in the Global Economy because they cant think their way through abstract problems, work in teams, distinguish good information from bad, or speak a language other than English.

Time Magazine Dec. 18, 20065

Tony Wagner, co-director of the Change Leadership Group, examines the U.S. education system in the 21st century, considers why American students are falling behind their international peers, and proposes methods to begin to correct the downward slide. The global achievement gap is the gap between what we are teaching and testing in our schools, even in the ones that are most highly-regarded, versus the skills all students will need for careers, college, and citizenship in the 21st century.seven survival skills critical thinking and problem solving;collaboration across networks and leading by influence; agility and adaptability; initiative and entrepreneurship; effective oral and written communication; accessing and analyzing information; and curiosity and imagination.He asks them the same question, What qualities do you most want in a potential new employee?Wagner hears that the single most important skill is the ability to ask the right questionsChallenges of 21st Century Teaching Greater Need for Education in Society and Economy

Higher Standards for Learning

More Diverse Students with Greater Educational NeedsGreater Expectations of Schools for Ensuring Success

7Standards movement is holding kids to higher standardsYet in many places the system has not mobilized to equalize educational opportunity or to offer kids an education that would let them meet the standards

(Funding differentials: access to qualified teachers and quality curriculum)

Teaching is more difficult and challeningA Changing Economy Makes Thinking Skills more Important

Source: Partnership for 21st Century Skillshttp://www.21stcenturyskills.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=254&Itemid=12089The Future World of Work

21 st Century WorldRoutine Workdone by machinesRoutine Workdone by peopleCreative Work ResearchDevelopmentDesignMarketing/SalesGlobal Supply Chain ManagementSource: Partnership for 21st Century Skillshttp://www.21stcenturyskills.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=254&Itemid=120910

Job Outlook 2002, National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE)

10Pembelajaran abad ke-20Dipimpin guruArahan langsungPengetahuan Kandungan Kemahiran asasTeori Kurikulum IndividuBilik darjahPentaksiran sumatifBelajar untuk sekolahPembelajaran abad ke-21Dipimpin guruArahan langsungPengetahuan Kandungan Kemahiran asasTeori Kurikulum IndividuBilik darjahPentaksiran sumatifBelajar untuk sekolahBerasaskan muridPembelajaran kolaboratifKemahiran ProsesPemikiran Aras TinggiPraktikalKemahiran hidupBerkumpulan Komuniti Pentaksiran formatifBelajar untuk kehidupanKeseimbangan "schools will be laced with a "project-based curriculum for life, aimed at engaging students in addressing real-world problems, issues important to humanity, and questions that matter. The education they receive must enhance both their knowledge and creativity. At the same time, it should enable students to think, reason, make sound decisions, work as members of a team, and see the relationships among things they're learning in various subjects--across disciplines. sekolah harus menyediakan peluang pendidikan dengan kurikulum berasaskan projek yang autentik dengan keadaan kehidupan sebenar, melibatkan murid menangani dan menyelesaikan masalah kehidupan sebenar serta isu yang penting dalam kehidupan sejagat. Pendidikan yang diberikan harus meningkatkan pengetahuan dan kreativiti murid dan pada masa yang sama membolehkan murid berfikir, menaakul, membuat keputusan yang bijak, bekerja sebagai ahli pasukan dan melihat perhubungan dan perkaitan antara ilmu yang dipelajari merentas kurikulum.

Menggunakan teknologi untuk mengakses, mengurus, mengintegrasi dan menilai maklumat, menjana maklumat baru dan berkomunikasi dengan orang lainKemahiran hidup & kerjayaKemahiran Teknologi Maklumat, Komunikasi & MediaStandard &PentaksiranKurikulumPembangunan ProfesionalPersekitaran PembelajaranLiterasi MaklumatLiterasi MediaLiterasi Teknologi Maklumat & Komunikasi)Kebolehsuaian & fleksibelMempunyai inisiatif dan terarah kendiriKemahiran sosial dan antara budaya Produktiviti & akauntabilitiTanggungjawab dan kepimpinanKreativiti & InovasiPemikiran Kritis dan Penyelesaian MasalahKomunikasi & KolaborasiStandard kemahiranMata pelajaran teras dan tema Abad ke-21Kemahiran belajar & InovasiKandungan bagi Abad ke-21Kurikulum Teras + Tema

Kesedaran globalLiterasi kewangan, ekonomi, perdagangan dan keusahawananLiterasi sivikKesedaran Alam SekitarKesedaran tentang aspek kesihatan & kesejahteraan

Kemahiran belajar abad ke-21Kemahiran Maklumat & KomunikasiLiterasi maklumat & mediaKemahiran berkomunikasiKemahiran Berfikir Dan Menyelesaikan Masalah Pemikiran kritikal dan Bersistem Penyelesaian MasalahKreativiti & Semangat MenerokaKemahiran Interpersonal & Arah Kendiri Kemahiran Interpersonal dan KolaborasiArah KendiriAkauntabiliti & adaptasi Tanggungjawab Sosial

Perubahan kepada hasrat pendidikanKonteks pembelajaran baru membawa perubahan kepada apa yang dijangkakan melalui pendidikan dan ini melibatkan:Kebolehan berkomunikasi Kebolehsesuaian untuk berubah Kebolehan bekerja dalam pasukan Kesediaan menyelesaikan masalah Kebolehan menganalisis dan mengkonsepsikan Kebolehan membuat refleksi dan menambah baik Kebolehan mengurus kendiri Kebolehan mencipta, membuat inovasi dan mengkritik Kebolehan untuk belajar sepanjang hayatKebolehan untuk mahir dalam pelbagai bidang (cross specialist )

Kurikulum yang direkabentuk menuntut kita untuk membuat pilihan tentang apakah yang penting pada masa kini bagi membantu pelajar untuk masa depan mereka.Why are 21st century skills so important?There are new 21st Century ContextsGlobal CompetitionGlobal CooperationInformation GrowthMore Jobs & CareersService Economy20

Are our students ready?Are our students critical thinkers and problem solvers?Are our students globally aware?Are our students self-directed?Are our students good collaborators?

21CIRI-CIRI INSAN MURID YANG DIHASRATKANKreatif Berupaya Membuat Hubung-kaitMenyoal Bijak berkomunikasiYakin mengambil risikoDahagakan ilmuIngin tahu Menjana ideaFleksibel Tidak berputus asaMendengar dan membuat refleksiKritikalBerkemahiran mampu mencorakMenguasai kemahiran literasiBerani MencubaMampu berfikir sendiriMembuat inisiatifMampu bekerja dengan orang lainMembuat perubahanberintegritiBerkeperibadian tinggiSemangat sentiasa bolehBelajar dari kesilapanBerdikari

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