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multilanguage Visual dictionary

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    Compiled and illustrated by

    Antony Puthenpurackal

    English Deutsch Franais Espaol Italiano

    aebmfw(Malayalam)xn(Hindi)

    ComprehensiveMultilingualVisual Dictionary

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    Language Editors

    EnglishR.E.Asher, ProfessorEmeritus of Linguistics,University of Edinburgh

    Anthony Watson

    GermanProf. Ingeborg Heintel

    Prof. Gerhard Mllauer

    Ute Winkler

    FrenchDr. Pascal Amman

    France Glass

    SpanishDr. Fernando Lopez-Lizana

    ItalianDr. Raffaelina Ianiri

    MalayalamProf. C.J. Sebastian

    Prof. R.E. Asher

    HindiProf. Dr. N.K. Joseph

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    Preface

    For a person interested in language, dictionaries form a class of publication that holds a special

    fascination. Apart from their utility in providing information about words of whose precise

    meaning one is ignorant or unsure, they allow for endless browsing as the user follows up a line

    of thought. In some conventional monolingual dictionaries, carefully formulated definitions

    are supplemented in particularly difficult cases by illustrations, for a simple picture can often

    provide a clearer idea of the nature of an entity than scores of words. With or without

    illustrations, the more familiar type of dictionary starts from the basis of the word. But what if

    one is aware of the nature and appearance of an object but not of the word conventionally

    used to refer to it? An everyday solution would be to point to the object and ask what it is

    called. Antony Puthenpurackals Comprehensive Multilingual Visual Dictionaryprovides answers

    to such questions about a wide range of everyday objects, the names of which are nevertheless

    not universally known to each individual. It goes further in naming parts or components of

    selected items.

    Such visual dictionaries are not unknown, but this one has certain special characteristics. Others,

    few in number, are usually monolingual, and at best bilingual. This one, however, provides

    comparative sets of words from seven languages five from western Europe and two from

    South Asia. The last two not only have large numbers of speakers in India (Hindi, a major

    Indo-Aryan language, some 300 million and Malayalam, a major Dravidian language, some 35

    million), but in modern times some hundreds of thousands in Europe and North America. In

    a world of increasing multilingualism and movement of populations, the work is thus multiply

    useful.

    Perhaps because physical objects are easier to illustrate than actions or qualities, visual dictionaries

    tend to restrict their entries to nouns. The Comprehensive Multilingual Visual Dictionary, however,

    includes sets of verbs and adjectives, to make it very comprehensive.

    The user of a visual dictionary will most frequently start from object or idea and search for the

    appropriate word. It is therefore appropriate that in the body of the dictionary the entries are

    arranged thematically. To make it easy, in spite of this, to start from the basis of the word and

    look for its meaning, a number of indexes are appended giving all the entries in alphabetical

    order for each of the seven languages. The arrangement of the work also makes it possible tofind the equivalent of a word in ones own language in six other languages.

    This Visual Dictionary in seven languages not only provides valuable information in a readily

    available way but also has significant entertainment value. I am happy to be associated with it.

    Prof. R. E. Asher

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    Contents-Inhaltsverzeichnis-Table des matires-Indice-Indice-DSw-----

    Contents-Inhaltsverzeichnis-Tabledesmatires-

    Ind

    ice-Indice-DSw-----

    Human body, Krper,Corps, Cuerpo, Corpo,a\pjyicocw,x

    23

    Bird,Vogel, Oiseau,Pjaro, Uccello,]Ivjn,{I

    36

    46

    Animal, Tier, Animal, Animal, Animale,arKw,Vx

    Reptile, Reptil, Reptile, Reptil, Rettile,CgPp,MiEc

    Insect, Insekt,Insecte, Insecto, Insetto,IoSw,Ec

    Fish, Fisch , Poisson, Pez, Pesce,aXvkyw,U

    Nature, Natur, Nature, Naturaleza, Natura,{]IrXn,|Ei

    Fruit, Frucht, Fruit, Fruta, Frutta,]gw,

    Vegetable,

    Gemse, Lgume, Verdura, Verdura,]dn,W

    Geography, Geographie, Gographie, Geografa,Geografia, `qanimkv{Xw, M

    50

    52

    55

    56

    61

    71

    74

    76Nut,Nuss, Noix,Nuez, Noce,Imbv,M

    77Spices, Gewrze, pices, Especias, Spezie,kpK{Zhyw,

    Space, Weltraum, Espace, Espacio, Spazio,iq\ymImiw, +iI

    66

    Flower,Blume, Fleur,Flor, Fiore,]qhv, 69

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    Contents-Inhaltsverzeichnis-Table des matires-Indice-Indice-DSw-----

    Contents-Inhaltsverzeichnis-Tabledesmatires-

    Ind

    ice-Indice-DSw-----

    79Plant, Pflanze, Plante, Planta, Pianta,sNSn,{v

    Food, Lebensmittel, Alimentation,

    Comida, Cibo,`Ww, +

    87

    Tree, Baum, Arbre,rbol, Albero,acw,I

    84

    Drink, Getrnk, Boisson, Bebida, Bibita,]m\obw,{ 90

    Shop,Geschft, Magasin, Tienda, Negozio,IS,nEx

    92

    Growth, Entwicklung, Croissance, Crecimiento,Crescita,hf,E

    96

    Occupation, Beschftigung, Occupation,Ocupacin, Occupazione, sXmgn,

    102

    Medicine, Medizin, Mdecine, Medicina,Medicina, sshZyw,SEi

    107

    Family,Familie, Famille, Familia,Famiglia,IpSpw_w,{

    98

    I, you, ich, du, je, tu,

    yo, t,

    io, tu,Rm, \o,, i 97

    Police, Polizei,police, polica,polizia,

    t]meokv,{

    113

    Fire brigade, Feuerwehr,Pompiers, Bomberos,Pompieri, AKv\nia\tk\,Mb

    115

    Religion,Religion, Religion, Religin,Religione,aXw, v 118

    Special Occasion, Besonderer Anlass, OccasionSpcial, Ocasion Especial, Occasione speciale,hntijZnhk, +

    122

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    Contents-Inhaltsverzeichnis-Table des matires-Indice-Indice-DSw-----

    Contents-In

    haltsverzeichnis-Tabl

    edesmatires-

    Indice-Indice-DSw-----

    Fantasy, Fantasie, Fantaisie, Fantasa, FantasiasIpIY,E{x

    126

    Month, Monat, Mois, Mes, Mese,amkw,x

    128

    Day, Tag, Jour, Da, Giorno,Znhkw,nx

    129

    Season, Jahreszeit, Saison, Temporada,Stagione,EXp,@i

    129

    Time, Zeit, Temps, Tiempo, Tempo,kabw,

    130

    Direction, Richtung, Direction, Direccin,Direzione,Znv,n

    130

    Numbers, Zahlen, Nombres, Nmeros, Numeri,kMvJyI,J

    133

    Building, Gebude, Btiment,Edificio, Edificio,sInSw,Ex

    136

    Bathroom, Badezimmer, Salle de bains, Cuarto de bao,Bagno,Ipfnapdn,xxM

    141

    Living room, Wohnzimmer, salle de sjour, sala de estar,

    Salotto, kzoIcWapdn,`E

    144

    Kitchen, Kche, Cuisine, Cocina,Cucina,ASpf,

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    Contents-Inhaltsverzeichnis-Table des matires-Indice-Indice-DSw-----

    Contents-In

    haltsverzeichnis-Tabl

    edesmatires-

    Indice-Indice-DSw-----

    Computer, Computer, Ordinateur, Computador,Computer,Iw]yq,E{]

    159

    Electronics, Elektronik,lectronique, Electrnica,Elettronica, CeIvs{SmWnIvkv,

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    Contents-Inhaltsverzeichnis-Table des matires-Indice-Indice-DSw-----

    Contents-In

    haltsverzeichnis-Tabl

    edesmatires-

    Indice-Indice-DSw-----

    240Spectacles, Brille, Lunettes, Gafas, IS,BxE

    Umbrella, Schirm,Parapluie, Paraguas,Ombrello,IpS,Ui

    Adjective, Adjektiv, Adjectif, Adjetivo, Aggettivo,hntijW]Zw,h

    269

    Position, Position, Position, Posicin, Posizione,kvYm\w,lx

    273

    Miscellaneous, Verschiedenes,Divers, Miscelneo,Vario,]ehI,]E

    242

    Activity, Ttigkeit, Activit, Actividad, Attivit,{]hn,GB

    245

    English Index275

    Deutsches Register

    286

    Index Franais298

    Indice Espaol310

    Indice Italiano322

    aebmfw kqNnI334

    xn S346

    Index

    Register

    Index

    Indice

    Indice

    kqNnI

    S

    241

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    Vorwort

    Mit groer Freude stelle ich die vorliegende Arbeit, The

    Comprehensive Multilingual Visual Dictionary vor: Das ersteBilderwrterbuch der Welt in sieben Sprachen. Die herrliche

    Bilderwelt, die sich darin befindet, wird eine Augenweide

    und ein Anreiz fr die Fantasie von Gro und Klein werden.

    Es handelt sich nicht blo um ein Wrterbuch mit Bildern,

    sondern um einen absolut verlsslichen Weggefhrten fr

    alle, die sich um eine Kommunikation ber den eigenen

    Sprachbereich hinaus wagen wollen.

    Durch den beruflich bedingten lngeren Aufenthalt auerhalb

    meiner Heimat entdeckte ich die Notwendigkeit eines solchen

    Wrterbuches. Das Erlernen einer fremden Sprache frdert

    nmlich Toleranz, Frieden und soziale Stabilitt in einer

    Gesellschaft, wo Menschen verschiedener kultureller und

    sprachlicher Abstammung zusammenleben.

    Ich bin davon berzeugt, dass dieses Wrterbuch ein

    wertvolles Instrument auf dem Weg zur Integration werden

    kann. Die Europische Union legt sehr viel Wert auf die

    Integration der sprachlichen Minderheiten in den

    Mitgliedsstaaten und sucht die dafr geeigneten Mittel.

    Sprache als Teil der Kultur spielt eine wichtige Rolle bei der

    Vlkerverstndigung. Meines Erachtens wird das vorliegende

    Werk in der Lage sein, die Begegnung zwischen Vlkern und

    Kulturen zu ermglichen. Dies fhrt zur verstrkten

    gegenseitigen Verstndigung und somit zur Integration.

    Die Bilder sind mit besonderer Sorgfalt ausgesucht, so dass

    die Bedeutung der Wrter vollstndig dargestellt sind, und

    das Lernziel mglichst rasch erreicht wird. Die Besonderheit

    dieses Buches besteht darin, dass nicht der Wortschatz,

    sondern der Gesprchskontext den Vorrang hat. Die Wrter

    und Ausdrcke sind im unmittelbaren Themenbereich

    illustriert, und daher einfach zu erfassen. Ein in allen sieben

    Sprachen vorhandenes Verzeichnis soll das Suchen erleichtern.

    Mein besonderer Dank gebhrt Herrn Prof. R.E. Asher fr

    seine unermdliche Untersttzung. Auch auf seine

    Mitwirkung ist der Erfolg dieses Werkes zurckzufhren.

    Weiters bin ich den KollegInnen der Internat ionalen

    Atomenergie-Organisation (Wien), die mich mit Rat und Tat

    untersttzt haben, zu Dank verpflichtet.

    Die Sprachen sind in der folgenden Reihenfolge

    angefhrt:Englisch, Deutsch, Franzsisch, Spanisch,

    Italienisch, Malayalam und schlielich Hindi.

    Antony Puthenpurackal

    Introduction

    I have great pleasure to introduce Comprehensive Multilingual

    Visual Dictionary, the worlds first dictionary of its kind - inseven languages and illustrated. If a picture is worth a

    thousand words, this book will be a feast for the eyes and

    imagination of inquisitive children, parents and teachers. This

    is not merely a dictionary with pictures, but a comprehensive,

    authoritative and definitive reference guide on various subjects

    for those who want to learn five of the worlds major

    languages and two Asian languages (Hindi, the national

    language of India, and Malayalam, a South Indian language).

    Being an expatriate, I felt the need for this dictionary because

    language learning promotes tolerance, peace and stability in a

    society, where people from different cultures and languages

    are living together. This rationale is the driving force that led

    me to prepare this dictionary.

    Due to challenges of migration nations are launching projects

    that promote integration in order to achieve progress in

    economic and political stability. For example, the European

    Union is implementing innovative ideas to integrate minority

    groups in its member countries. I am confident that this

    dictionary will become a powerful tool and play an integral

    part in helping children as well as parents to get acquainted

    with different languages and cultures, thus leading to better

    mutual understanding, communication and integration.

    An important feature of this dictionary is that it provides a

    link between pictures and words that no ordinary dictionaryhas ever done. While most dictionaries simply offer the

    meaning of a word, this one illustrates the subject in question.

    The vocabulary listed in thematic groupings within each

    section enables the user to develop a good mastery of the

    topic concerned. An index given in all seven languages, with

    cross-references to the relevant section, helps the reader to

    find the required word.

    I am very much indebted to Prof. R.E. Asher for his advice

    and assistance, without which this work would not have

    attained the quality that I was seeking. My sincere thanks to

    him, and to my friends and colleagues from the International

    Atomic Energy Agency (Vienna), who have been of great

    help and encouragement to me.

    The languages are presented in the following order: English,

    German, French, Spanish, Italian, Malayalam and Hindi.

    Antony Puthenpurackal

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    Introduction

    Tout dabord, je suis trs heureux de prsenter le Comprehensive

    Multilingual Visual Dictionary, un ouvrage unique en son genre,le premier dictionnaire imag multilingue, mettant en relation

    des peuples de tous les continents. Si lon dit quune image

    parle davantage que des mots, ce livre sera un rgal pour les

    yeux et limagination de tous les enfants, parents et enseignants

    avides de connaissances. Ceci nest pas un simple dictionnaire

    avec des images, mais un guide de rfrence usage multiple

    sur des sujets varis pour ceux qui veulent apprendre cinq des

    principales langues occidentales et deux langues majeures de

    lInde.

    En tant qutranger en Autriche, j ai ressenti le besoin dun

    tel dictionnaire quand jai commenc enseigner ma langue,

    le Malayalam, Balakairali Vienne. En 1996 je me mis la

    composition dun dictionnaire comprenant trois langues:

    lAnglais, lAllemand et le Malayalam. Par la suite, des amis

    me suggrrent daccrotre le nombre des langues afin que les

    enfants et les parents dautres pays puissent profiter de mes

    travaux.

    Ce dictionnaire fournit un lien entre images et mots comme

    jamais cela navait t fait auparavant. Alors que la plupart

    des dictionnaires se contentent de donner le sens dun mot,

    celui-ci donne en plus une illustration du mot en question.

    Le vocabulaire est divis en sections thmatiques, permettant

    ainsi lutilisateur dacqurir la bonne matrise dun thme

    donn. Un index, rdig dans les sept langues et avec des

    renvois aux sections concernes, facilite la recherche dun mot.

    Je suis persuad que ce livre est publi au bon moment alors

    que lUnion Europenne rflchit aux moyens concrets

    dintgrer les minorits culturelles au sein de ses Etats

    membres. La langue joue un rle important dans la

    comprhension dautres peuples et de leur culture. Je pense

    quun dictionnaire visuel comme celui-ci, avec sept langues,

    aidera les enfants de mme que les parents, se familiariser

    avec des langues et des cultures diffrentes des leurs, amliorant

    la comprhension et la communication et facilitant ainsi leur

    intgration. A cet gard, je serais heureux que ce dictionnaire

    puisse y contribuer.

    Je dois beaucoup mes amis, en particulier de Balakairaliet

    de lAgence Internationale de lEnergie Atomique, pour leur

    participation et leurs conseils sur les donnes contenues dans

    ce livre et je tiens leur prsenter mes sincres remerciements.

    Les langues sont prsentes dans lordre suivant:

    Anglais, Allemand, Franais, Espagnol, Italien, Malayamam

    et Hindi.

    Antony Puthenpurackal

    Introduccin

    Me complace presentar la obra Diccionario Visual

    Multilingua Completo, este diccionario, virtualmente nicoen su gnero, es el primer diccionario visual escrito en siete

    lenguas con el propsito de conectar a los pueblos de todos

    los continentes. Si es verdad que, una fotografa equivale amil palabras, entonces este diccionario ser una verdadera

    fiesta para los ojos y la imaginacin de aquellos inquisitivos

    nios, padres y profesores.

    Viviendo en un pas extranjero sent la necesidad de este

    diccionario, porque el aprendizaje de idiomas promueve la

    tolerancia, la paz, y la estabilidad, cuando personas de diferentes

    culturas y lenguajes viven juntos. El lenguaje es cultura, y es

    as que la integracin puede conseguirse a travs de la

    promocin del aprendizaje de las lenguas.

    Me siento confiado que este diccionario sera una herramientapoderosa y una parte integral para conseguir una sustancial

    integracin econmica, poltica y cultural. Ahora, la

    Comunidad Econmica Europea est pensando seriamente

    acerca de posibles caminos y medios de integracin de grupos

    minoritarios en sus estados miembros. El lenguaje juega un

    importante papel en el mejor entendimiento de culturas y

    gentes. Estoy seguro que un diccionario visual como ste, de

    siete lenguas, ayudar tanto a nios como a sus padres a

    familiarizarse con diferentes culturas y lenguajes, comotambin a guiar a un mejor entendimiento, comunicacin e

    integracin. Estar muy contento si ayudo en este respecto.

    Este diccionario prove una unin entre ilustraciones ypalabras de un modo que ningn otro diccionario ha hecho.

    Mientras otros diccionarios simplemente dan el significado

    de una palabra, este diccionario ilustra el sujeto. Las palabras

    estn ordenadas dentro de grupos temticos dentro de cada

    seccin, permitiendo as desarrollar un buen entendimiento

    del tpico en estudio. Se presenta un ndice, en todas las

    lenguas, con referencias cruzadas a las secciones

    correspondientes, ayudando al lector a encontrar la palabrabuscada.

    Estoy en deuda con muchos de mis amigos, especialmente

    con el Prof. R.E. Asher y con el grupo internacional de colegas,

    del Organismo Internacional de Energa Atmica, que han

    contribuido y me han asesorado con respecto del materialcontenido en este libro y quisiera expresar mis sinceros

    agradecimientos a ellos.

    En la parte castellana de este diccionario no se refleja

    nicamente el castellano hablado en Espaa si no que tambin

    el de America Latina.

    Los lenguajes estan presentados en el siguiente orden:

    Ingls, Alemn, Francs, Castellano, Italiano, Malayo e Ind.

    Antony Puthenpurackal

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    BapJw

    k]vX`mjIfn FgpXs temIs BZy kNn{X\nLp ssIcfnp kanphm F\nv AXnbmbktmjapv. aebmfw DssS Ggp mjI ]Tnphm B{Klnp temIshnsSbpapff hnZymn

    Ipw, Aym]Ipw, amXm]nXmpw CukNn{X\nLp D]Icnpsap Rm IcpXpp.\nXyhpw \mw D]tbmKnp hmpI ASp Hcp\nLp am{Xa CXv; adnv hnhn[ hnjbfnepffB[nImcnIhpw ka{Khpamb Hcp tImi{K\vYw IqSnbmWv.cmbncn Hn, bqtdm]y bqWnb {]Jym]n`mjmhXvkcn Hmkv{Snb s^Ud an\nkvdn

    bpsSbpw bqtdm]y bqWnbsbpw HutZymKnIAMvKoImcw Cu \nLphn\v e`nnpv.

    Hmtcm mjbnsebpw hmpI AXXp tZis PohPmesfbpw hkvXpsfbpw hniZoIcnm\pff amyaamWv.Hcp tZis PohnIfpw hkvXpfpw apw asmcp tZiv`mKnIambnsnepw A\yambXpsImv Hcp `mjbnsehmpw, AXn Aeo\ambncnp Ahym]vXnbpw ]qambpw asmcp mjbn {]ISnnm

    km[nmsX hcpw. DZmlcWn\v, s\sSn, s\v,s\cn, tNmdv Fo \mep aebmfw hmpI hniZoIcnphm ]e {]apJ ]mmXy`mjIfnepw Hcp hmp am{Xtabpffq. AXn\m hnhn[ `qJfifn D]tbmKnp Ggp mjI tImnWpI AXnkmlknIamb{]hrnbmWv. Cu kmlknIXbn Rm Hcp ]cn[nhsc hnPbnnpsnepw, CXv A\yq\hpw kvJenXclnXhpamb Hcp \nLphmsWvRm AhImisSpn.

    kztZipw hntZipapff aebmfnIpw aebmfw]Tnm B{Klnp hntZinIpw Cu kNn{X\nLp D]Icnpsan Rm IrXm\mbn. \psSamXr`mjbmb aebmfw tIcfnepw, `mcXnepw am{XwHXpn \nevmsX tZimcfnepw AdnbsSm\pwAMvKoIcnsSm\pw CSbmbm Fs NmcnXmYywA\p]aambncnpw.

    Cu \nLp XbmdmpXn\v \nch[n BfpI Fsklmbnnpv. CXn {]YaKW\ob FUn_KvbqWnthgvknnbnse _lp`mjm]finX\pw ]uckvXy`mjmimkv{X hIpns Xeh\pambncp s{]m^B. C. BjdmWv. Atlns \ntifpw, D]tZifpw, t{]mml\fpw Fpw F\nv {]tNmZ\acpfn.Atiob BWthm GPknbnse Fskl{]hI Cu \nLp \namWn\v \ntem`ambn Fs klmbnnpv. aebmfw lnn Fo`mjIfpsS ]cntim[\I \Snb s{]m^ kn.sP.sk_mkvy, tUmIvS F.sI tPmk vFnhtcmSpwRm AXoh IrXmXY\mWv. hnetbdnb A`n{]mbfneqsS Fs t{]mmlnnpIbpw klmbnpIbpwsNbvX hnbbnse aebmf hnZymebamb _messIcfnbnse amXm]nXmpw, kplrppw FslrZbw \nd \n.

    Hmtcm ]Zfpw Ignm NXpctImjvTn ]ZnsDmcWw Atiob kz\XXzs B[mcamnkz\en]nbn tcJsSpnbnpv. CXv mjm]T\n\vIqSpX klmbIamIpsav Rm IcpXpp. Cu\nLphn D]tbmKnncnp Ggp mjI: CMvojv,P, s{^v, kv]m\ojv, Cmenb, aebmfw, lnnFo {IanemWv.

    aebmf`mjsb kvt\lnpIbpw, A`nam\]qhwkwkmcnpIbpw, ktmjtmsS XfpsS asf]TnnpIbpw sNp Htcmcppw CukNn{X\nLp {]tbmP\sSpsap Rm IcpXpp.

    BWn ]p]pcb

    Introduzione

    Con grande piacere sono orgoglioso di presentare il

    Comprehensive Multilingual Visual Dictionary (Vocabolario

    Visivo Completo), un lavoro unico nel suo genere , vale a dire

    il primo vocabolario al mondo multi-lingue con immagini insette lingue diverse che unisce i popoli di tutti i continenti. Se

    unimmagine vale piudi mille parole, questo libro sar una

    festa per limmaginazione e la curiosit dei bambini, dei genitori

    e degli insegnanti. Questo non un semplice vocabolario con

    figure ma una guida autorevole e completa su vari argomenti

    per tutti quelli che vogliono imparare cinque tra le pi

    importanti lingue occidentali e due lingue indiane.

    Vivendo in un paese straniero, ho sentito il bisogno di questo

    dizionario perch lapprendimento delle lingue favorisce

    tolleranza, pace e stabilit in una societ dove persone

    provenienti da culture e lingue diverse possono vivere insieme.

    La lingua cultura poich lintegrazione culturale pu essereraggiunta solo attraverso la promozione dellapprendimento

    delle lingue.

    Sono sicuro che questo dizionario diventer uno strumento

    potente e parte integrale per raggiungere una sostanziale

    integrazione economica, politica e culturale. Attualmente

    lUnione Europea sta pensando seriamente a modi e mezzi

    per integrare le minoranze allinterno degli stati membri. Le

    lingue giocano un ruolo fondamentale per una migliore

    conoscenza di popoli e culture. Sono certo che un vocabolario

    come questo, in sette lingue, aiuter i bambini e i genitori a

    familiarizzare con culture diverse dalla propria per una migliore

    conoscenza, comunicazione e integrazione. Se ci avverr, sarveramente soddisfatto.

    Il vocabolario collega le immagini alle parole in modo diverso

    da qualsiasi altro vocabolario esistente. Mentre molti vocabolari

    spiegano semplicemente il significato delle parole, questo

    vocabolario illustra anche il soggetto in questione. Le parole

    sono divise in gruppi tematici allinterno di ciascuna sezione

    per permettere una buona conoscenza di ogni singolo

    argomento. Un indice in ognuna delle sette lingue fa riferimento

    alle singole sezioni e aiuta pertanto il lettore a trovare la parola

    cercata.

    Sono in debito con tanti amici specialmente con il Prof. R. E.Asher e i miei colleghi dellAgenzia Internazionale per

    lEnergia Atomica (IAEA) che mi hanno consigliato e hanno

    contribuito al materiale del libro: i pi sinceri ringraziamenti.

    Le lingue sono presentate nel seguente ordine:

    Inglese, Tedesco, Francese, Spagnolo, Italiano, Malayalam e

    Hindi.

    Antony Puthenpurackal

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    +J

    E|x ]xMM bCx+{E EE|ii *

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    How to use this Dictionary

    Bird[bd],Vogel[fol], Oiseau[wazo],Pjaro[paxaro],Uccello[uttllo],]Ivjn [paki],{I [paki]

    Keyword

    Pronunciationin internationalphonetic alphabet

    Gender

    SubjectHeading

    Languages:

    EnglishGermanFrenchSpanishItalianMalayalamHindi

    Illustration of parts

    Gender in German

    der [der]masculine singulardie [di]feminine sinulardas [das]neutral sinular

    Gender in French

    le [l]masculine singularla [la]feminine sinular

    Gender in Spanish

    el [l]masculine singularla [la]feminine singular

    Gender in Italian

    il [il]masculine singularla [la]feminine singularlo [lo]masculine singularfor words starting withvowel or sc, st, sp, z and gn

    die [di]for plural (all genders)

    les [le]for plural (all genders)

    los [los]for masculine plurallas [las]for feminine plural

    i [i]for masculine pluralle [le]for feminine pluralli [li]for feminine pluralgli[i]masculine plural

    comb [koum]der Hahnenkamm [der hnnkam]la crte[la kt]la cresta [la kresta]la cresta [la kresta]]qhv[pv]EM [kalg]

    tail [tel]der Schwanz[der vants]la queue[la k]la cola[la kola]la coda[la koda]hm [vl]{U [pch]

    feather [fe]die Feder[di fedr]la plume[la plym]la pluma[la pluma]la penna [la pen-na]Xqh [tval]{[par]

    wing[wi]der Flgel[der flyl]laile (f) [ll]el ala[l ala]lala (f) [lala]NndIv [ciak]{J[pa]

    beak [bik]

    der Schnabel [der abl]le bec[l bk]el pico[l piko]il becco[il bekko]Npv [cu]SS[coc]

    tarsus [tss]der Lauf[der laf]le tarse[l tas]el tarso[l tarso]il tarso[il tarso]Im [kl]M[gulf]

    claw[kl]die Kralle [di kral]la griffe[la if]la ua[la ua]lartiglio (m) [lartio]\Jw [naam]{V [paj]

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    A ad EC English Alphabet

    A b Deutsch (German) Alphabet

    A a [] Aal [al] [, ] nderung [ndru]B b [be] Baby [bebi]C c [tse] Circa [tsrka]D d [de] Deck [dk]E e [e] Eber [ebr]F f [f] Fabel [fabl]G g [e] Gebhr [byr]H h [ha] Haar [har]I i [i] Idee [ide]J j [jt] Jahr [jar]K k [ka] Kabel

    [kabl]L l [l] Labor [labor]M m [m] Macht [maxt]

    N n [n] Narr [nar]O o [o] Obst [opst] [, ] se [z]P p [pe] Pedal [pedal]Q q [ku] Quelle [kvl]

    A a [e] Ache, above [eik, bv]B b [bi] Bill [bl]C c [si] Ceiling [sil]D d [ di] Discipline [dspln]E e [i] Eel [il]F f [f] Father [fr]G g [di] Ginger [dndr]H h [et] Hand [hnd]I i [a] Ice [as]J j [de] Jay [de]K k [ke] Kennel [kEnl]L l [l] Lamp [lQmp]

    M m [em] Mother [mDr

    ]

    N n [en] Nature [neItSr]O o [] Oak [uk]P p [pi] Piano [pIQnu]Q q [kju] Queen [kwin]R r [(r)] Rabbit [rbit]S s [es] See [si]T t [ti] Tea [ti]U u [ju] Universe [junvs]V v [vi] Victory [vktr]W w[dblju] Water [wtr]X x [eks] X-ray [ksre]Y y [wa] Year [jr]

    Z z [zed] Zip [zp]

    R r [r] Rabatt [rabat]S s [s] Saal [zal] [stst] it [st]T t [te] Tee [te]U u [u] Uhu [uhu] [y,] bung [ybu]V v [fa] Vanille [vanlj]W w [ve] Weg [vek]X x [iks] x-mal [ksmal]Y y [ypsiln] Yacht [jaxt]Z z [tst] Zahl [tsal]Ch ch [tseha] Bach, Blech[bax, bl]Sch sch [stscha] Schaf [af]

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    D Franais (French) AlphabetA a

    Espaol (Spanish) Alfabetos A a Ba

    A a [] abbaye [abei]B b [be] baba [baba]C c [se] cabale [kabal]D d [de] dam [d]E e [] conomie [eknmi]F f [f] fable [fabl]G g [] gai [e]H h [a] habile [abil]I i [i] idole [idl]J j [i] javelot [avlo]K k [ka] kart [kat]L l [l] labeur [lab]

    M m [m] machine [main]

    N n [n] nerf [n]O o [o] oasis [azis]P p [pe] page [pa]Q q [ky] quark [kwak]R r [r] radius [adiys]S s [s] saluer [sale]T t [te] tabac [taba]U u [y] ultime [yltim]V v [ve] vacher [vae]W w [dublve] wagon [va]X x [iks] xrs [zes]Y y [irk] yaourt [jaut]

    Z z [zd] zbre [zb]

    A a [a] mano [mano]B b [be] basta [basta]C c [e] cabal [kabl]Ch ch [te] chacota [takota]D d [de] decentar [deentar]E e [e] elenco [eleko]F f [efe] falta [falta]G g [xe] gacela [aela]H h [ate] hambre [ambre]I i [i] idea [idea]

    J j [xota] jaca [xaka]K k [ka] karate [karate]

    L l [ele] labio [labio]Ll ll [ee] llama [ama]

    M m [eme] macuto [makuto]N n [ee] nariz [nari]O o [o] oasis [oasis]P p [pe] pelota [pelota]Q q [ku] quema [kema]R r [ere] rabo [rrabo]S s [ese] sabor [sabr]T t [te] tacto [takto]U u [u] ubre [ubre]V v [ube] vaca [baka]

    W w [ubedoble] water [batr]X x [ekis] xirgo [siro] y [i rea] yema [jema]Z z [eda] zalema [alema]

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    A a like a in India A [amma]B like a in father B\ [na]

    C i like i in sit Ce [ila]Cu like ee in feed Cu [cca]D u like u in put Dn [ui]Du like oo in cool Dum [l]E like ri in river Ejn [i]F e like e in elephant Fen [eli]G like e in heard GWn [i]sF ai like y in by sFIyw [aikyam]H o like o in pot HIw [oakam]Hm like o in old Hme [la]Hu au like ou in cow Huj[w [auadham]Aw a like m in come Awiw [aam]Ax a like ah in ah A[xIcWw [adakaraam]I ka like k in kaputt Ic [kara]J a like k+h in khan Jcw [aram]K ga like g in gable KPw [gajam]L a like g+h in Ghana L\w [anam]M ga like ng in sing kwMvaw [sammam]N ca like ch in much Nabw [camayam]O cha like ch+h in beach-house Omb [chya]P ja like ja in Japan P\ [janal]Q jha like j+h in - - Qe [jhala]R a like gn in cognac Rm [n]S a like tt in gutter IpS [kua]T ha like t+h carthorse ]oTw [pham]U a like d in danger Un [appi]

    Italiano (Italian) AlfabetogD

    A aebmfw(Malayalam)AcCuDBC

    A a B

    A a [a] mare [mare]B b [bi] bella [blla]C c [ti] cipolla [tipolla]D d [di] dialogo [dialoo]E e [e] eden [eden]F f [f-fe] face [fate]G g [di] gambero[ambero]H h [ak-ka] habitat [abitat]I i [i] idea [ida]J j [i lua] jungla [iula]L l [l-le] labbro [lab-bro]M m [m-me] mamma [mam-ma]

    N n [n-ne] nappo [nap-po]

    O o [o] orchestra [orkstra]P p [pi] pianeta [pianeta]Q q [ku] quarta [kuarta]R r [r-re] radica [radika]S s [s-se] sabato [sabato]T t [ti] tiro [tiro]U u [u] ulna [ulna]V v [vu,vi] vuoto,vino [vuto, vino]Z z [dzta] zelo [dzlo]

    K k [kap-pa] karma [karma]W w [dppojo, vu] watt [vat]

    X x [iks] xeno [ksno]Y y [ipsilon] yacht [jt]

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    V ha like d+h hard-hat V [hakka]W a like n in money aWw [maam]X ta like t in thunder Xe [tala]Y tha like th+h in - - YImcw [thakram]Z da like d in Dame Zm\w [dnam]

    [ dha like d+h in - - [\w [dhanam]\ na like n in navigate \S [naa]] pa like p in parrot ]n [paki]^ pha like p in pharmacy ^ew [phalam]_ ba like b in bat _ew [balam]` bha like b+h in abhor `cWn [bharai]a ma like m in man acw [maram]b ya like y in yes b{w [yantam]c ra like r in very Icw [karam]e la like l in lap eIw [lakam]h va like v in van he [vala]i a like s in list iISw [akaam]j a like sh in shoe jSvIw [akam]

    k sa like s in sabot

    kXyw [satyam]

    l ha like h in hat lwkw [hamsam]f a like l in follow hf [vaa]g a like s in pleasure tImgn [ki]d a like r in sorry dh [ava] a like t in patting mm [] like n in gun I [ka] n like n in man am [mn] r like r in car Ihw [karvam] l like l in while apb [muyal] like l in Mal (German) hm [v]

    kka gga a cca jja a a a a tta dda nna ppa bba

    mma a lla vva ssa

    a

    Double Consonants

    ka ka ga ka

    ja

    a ttha ddha nta nda nma pa ba mba ma yya a sa ha sa ka bda bdha ccha pma hna ndha lsa ma stha ntha

    ja

    lbha gma cafi afl lma kta gna na a

    Additional Symbols

    Combined Consonants

    m = (B), eg.I+m = Imkn = (C), eg.I+n = In kio = (Cu), eg.I+o = Iokp = (D), eg.I+p = Ipkuq = (Du), eg.I+q = Iqkr = (E), eg.I+r = Irks = (F), eg.s+I = sIket = (G), eg.t+I = tIkss = (sF), eg.ss+I = ssIkais+m= (H), eg.sI+m = sImkot+m = (Hm), eg.tI+m = tImky = (y), eg.I+y = Iykya{ = ({), eg.{+I = {Ikaz = (z), eg.I+z = Izkvavv = ( v), eg.I+ v = Ivk

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    + a like a in at +SE [acak]+ like a in father +E [-kar]

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    Human body[hjumn bd], Krper[krper],Corps[k], Cuerpo[kurpo], Corpo [krpo],

    a\pjyicocw[manuya-arram] ,x [mnav arr]

    hair[hr]das Haar [das har]les cheveux[le v]el cabello [l kabeo]i capelli[i kapel-li]XeapSn[tala-mui] [bl]

    eye[a]das Auge [das a]lil (m)[lj]el ojo [l xo]locchio (m) [lk-kio]Iv [ka]+J []

    nose [nuz]die Nase [di naz]le nez [l ne]la nariz[la nari]

    il naso [il naso]aqv [mkk]xE [nk]

    chin[tn]das Kinn [das kn]le menton [l mt]la barbilla [la barbia]il mento [il mento]XmSn [ti] d [hu] forehead[frid]

    die Stirn [di trn]

    le front[l f]la frente [la frente]la fronte[la fronte]s\n [nei]l [mth]

    cheek [tik]die Wange [di va]la joue [la u]

    la mejilla[la mxia]la guancia[la uanta]IhnSw [kavittaam]M [gl]

    eyebrow[abrau]

    die Augenbraue [di anbra]le sourcil[l susi]la ceja [la xa]il sopracciglio [il soprat-tio]]pcnIw [purikam] [bhuh]

    neck [nk]der Hals [der hals]le cou [l ku]

    el cuello[l kueo]

    il collo [il kl-lo]Igpv [kautt]Mnx [gardan]

    jaw [d]der Kiefer [der kifr]la mchoire[la mawa]la mandbula[la mandibula]la mascella [la ma-l-la]XmSnsbv [ti-yell]Vc [jaba]

    head [hd]der Kopf [der kpf]la tte [la tt]la cabeza [la kabea]la testa [la tsta]Xe

    [tala] [sir]

    ear [r]das Ohr [das or]loreille (f)[lj]la oreja [la orxa]lorecchio (m) [lorek-kio]sNhn [cevi]

    Ex [kn]upper lip [prlp]die Oberlippe [di obrlip]la lvre suprieure [la lv sypej]el labio superior [l labo superr]il labbro superiore [il lab-bro

    superiore]tapv [mlccu]>{ +` [par oh]

    lower lip [lurlp]die Unterlippe [di untrlip]la lvre infrieure[la lv fej]el labio inferior [l labo inferr]il labbro inferiore[il lab-bro

    inferiore]Iogvpv [kccu]xxi +` [nimntar oh]

    nostril[nstrl]das Nasenloch [das nzenlx]la narine[la nain]la ventana de la nariz[la bentana

    de la nari]la narice [la narite]\mkmc\v{[w [ns-randham]xlx [nathan]

    throat[rut]die Kehle [di kel]la gorge [la ]la garganta [la aranta]la gola [la ola]sXm [toa]M [gal]

    23

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    Animal[nml],Tier[tir], Animal[animal], Animal[animal],

    Animale[animale], arKw[mgam], Vx [jnvar]

    antelope[ntiloup]die Antilope[di antilop]lantilope (f)[ltilp]el antlope[l antilope]lantilope (f) [lantilope]IrjvWarKw [ka-mgam]EM [kurag]

    roebuck [roubk]der Rehbock [der rebk]le brocard [l bka]el corzo macho [l kro mato]il capriolo maschio [il kaprilo maskjo]Bam

    [-mn]x [hiran]

    roe deer [rou d]das Reh [das re]le cerf[l s]el corzo [l kro]

    il cervo [il trvo]am [mn]M [mg]

    doe [du]die Rehgei[di reas]la biche [la bi]la cierva [la rba]

    il daino[il daino]amt]S [mn-pa]M [mg]

    fawn[fn]das Rehkitz [das rekits]le faon[l f]el corcino [l krino]il caprioletto[il kapriletto]amIpn [mn-kui]x] [hirnau]

    elk, moose [elk, mus]der Elch [derl]llan (m)[lel]el alce [l ale]lalce (m) [lalte]aeam [mala-mn]BE [elk]

    gazelle [zel]die Gazelle[di atsl]la gazelle[la azl]la gacela [la aela]la gazzella[la addzlla]sNdpam [ceu-mn]SE [cikr]

    baboon [bbun]der Pavian [der pavian]

    le babouin [l babw]el babuino[l babuino]il babbuino[il babuino]hmenmpcv [vlillkkura]x [bai-bn]

    wapiti, elk [wpt, elk]der Elch [der l]llan[lel]el uapit [l wapiti]lalce (m) [lalte]ISam [kaa-mn] [ms]

    reindeer [reind]

    das Rentier[das rntir]le renne[l n]el reno [l rrno]la renna [la rnna]Ieam [kala-mn]M [brah-sig]

    chimpanzee[timpnzi]der Schimpanse [der impanz]le chimpanz[l pze]el chimpanc[l timpane]lo scimpanz[lo impantse]Nnmkn [cimbnsi]xx [van-mnu]

    36

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    Bird[bd],Vogel[fol], Oiseau[wau],Pjaro[paxaro],

    Uccello[uttllo], ]Ivjn [paki],{I [pak]

    comb[km]der Hahnenkamm [der hnnkam]la crte[la kt]la cresta [la kresta]la cresta [la kresta]]qhv[pv]

    EM [kalg]

    beak [bik]der Schnabel [der nabl]le bec [l bk]el pico [l piko]il becco [il bekko]

    Npv [cu]SS [coc]

    claw [kl]die Kralle [di kral]la griffe[la if]la ua [la ua]lartiglio (m)[lartio]\Jw [naam]

    xJ [naar]

    wing[wi]der Flgel [der flyl]laile (f)[ll]el ala [l ala]lala (f)[lala]NndIv[ciak]

    {J [pa]

    feather[fe]die Feder [di fedr]la plume [la plym]la pluma[la pluma]la penna [la pen-na]Xqh [tval]

    { [par]

    tarsus[tss]der Lauf [der laf]le tarse [l tas]el tarso [l tarso]il tarso [il tarso]Im [kl]

    M [gulf]

    tail[tel]der Schwanz [der vants]la queue [la k]la cola [la kola]la coda [la koda]hm [vl]

    {U [pch]

    chick[tik]

    das Kken [das kykn]le poussin[l pus]el polluelo[l pouelo]il pulcino[il pultino]tImgnpv [kikku]

    SV [cz]

    cock [kk]der Hahn [der han]le coq [l kk]el gallo[l ao]il gallo[il allo]]qhtImgn [pvan-ki]

    N [murg]wattle[wtl]der Kinnlappen[der knlapn]le barbillon[l babij]la barba [la barba]i bargigli[i bardii]KfkvX\w [gaa-stanam]

    MS [galcarm]

    hen[hn]die Henne [di hn]la poule [la pul]la gallina[la aina]la gallina[la allina]]nStmgn[piakki]

    N [murg]

    canary [knri]der Kanarienvogel [der kanarinfol]le canari [l kanai]el canario [l kanaro]il canarino[il kanarino]I\mdnn [kanippaki]

    Ex [kanr]

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    Fruit[frut], Frucht[fruxt] Fruit[fi] Fruta[fruta]

    Frutta[frutta], ]gw[paam], [phal]

    seed [sid]der Samen [der zamn]

    la graine [la n]la semilla[la semia]il seme [il seme]hnv[vitt]V [bj]

    pip [pp]der Kern [der krn]le ppin [l pep]la pepita [la pepita]il seme [il seme]Ipcp [kuru]M` [guhl]

    flesh[fl]das Fruchtfleisch [das fruxtfla]la chair[la ]la pulpa [la pulpa]la polpa [la polpa]NX [cata]Mn [gd]

    mesocarp [mskp]das Mesokarp [das msokarp]le msocarpe [l mezkap]el mesocarpio [l mesokarpio]il mesocarpo [il meokarpo]^e`nn [phala-bhitti]v-k [madyaphal-bhitti]

    skin[skn]die Schale [di al]la peau [la po]la piel [la pel]la buccia [la burta]]pdwsXmen [puam-toli]UE [chilk]

    exocarp[kskp]das Exokarp [das ksokarp]lpicarpe (m)[lepikap]el epicarpio [l epikarpio]lesocarpo (m) [lzokarpo]]pdwtXmSv [puam-t] k [bhiya phal-bhitti]

    endocarp [ndkp]das Endokarp [das ndokarp]lendocarpe (m)[ldkap]el endocarpio [l endokarpio]lendocarpo (m) [lendkarpo]Dsmen [uttoli]+i&k [ant-phal-bhitti]

    core [k]das Kerngehuse[das krnhys]le cur [l k]el corazn [l koran]il torsolo [il torsolo]Igv [kaamb][sr]

    loculus[lkjls]das Fruchtknotenfach [das fruxtknotnfax]la loge [la l]el lculo [l lokulo]il loculo [il lkulo]kqvamWp\mfw [skmu-nam]E`E [kohak]

    style[stal]der Stylus [der tilus]le style [l stil]el estilo [l estilo]

    lo stilo [lo stilo]Ioew [klam]]

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    handle[hndl]der Schiebegriff [der ibrf]la poigne de conduite [la pwae d kdit]el puo [l puo]limpugnatura (f)[limpuatura]

    ]nSn [pii]

    ` [mh]

    back [bk]die Rckenlehne[di ryknlen]le dossier [l dosje]el respaldo [l rrespaldo]lo schienale [lo skjenale]]pdwXmn [puam-ti]{` [ph] seat [sit]

    der Sitz [der zts]le sige[l sj]el asiento [l asiento]il sedile[il sedile]CcnnSw [irippiam]+x [san]

    armrest [mrst]die Armsttze[di armtyts]laccoudior (m) [lakudwa]el descansabrazos [l deskansabraos]il bracciolo [il brattlo]ssI Xmn[kai ti]V [bz sahr]

    push rim [p rm]das Schiebrad [das ibrat]la main courante[la mku]el aro de impulso [l aro de impulso]la ruota di spinta [la rwta di spinta]DcppN{Iw[uruu-cakam]vE-SG [dhakel-cakr]

    large wheel[ld wil]das Grorad [das rosrat]la roue [la u]la rueda [la rrueda]la ruota piena o gonfiabile [la rwta pjna o onfjabile]

    N{Iw[cakam]c SG[ba cakr]

    footrest[ftrst]die Fuablage[di fusapla]le repose-pied [l pozpje]el descanso del pie [l deskanso del pie]lappoggiapiedi (f)[lappoddapjdi]ImepXmn[klu-ti]{nx [pydn]

    wheelchair[wilt]der Rollstuhl [der rltul]le fauteuil roulant[l fotj ul]la silla de ruedas [la sia de rruedas]la sedia a rotelle [la sdia a rotl-le]N{Itkc [cakakkasra]

    {n E [pahiydr kurs]

    wound [wund]die Wunde [di vund]la blessure [la blesy]la herida [la erida]la ferita[la ferita]apdnhv[muiv]P [v]

    x-ray [eks-re]das Rntgenbild[das rntnbilt]la radiographie[la radjafi]la radiografa[la rradiorafia]la radiografia[la radiorafia]FIvkvtd[eks-]BC-Eh-] [eks-kira-phoo]

    ward [wd]die Station [di tatsjon]la salle[la sal]la sala [la sala]la corsia[la korsia]Bip]{XnhmUv [upat-vr]MEI [rogkak]

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    fireman[faimn]der Feuerwehrmann [der frverman]le pompier[l ppje]el bombero [l bmbero]il pompiere [il pompjre]^bam [phayar-mn]

    x [fyrmain]

    searcher[st]der Ermittler [der ermitler]linvestigateur[lvstiat]el inspector[l inspktr]lispettore (m) [lispettore]At\zjI [anvakan]

    +xE [anveak]fire station[fai stein]die Feuerwache [di frvax]la caserne de pompiers [la kazn d ppje]la estacin de bomberos [la estain de bmberos]la caserma dei pompieri [la kasrma dei pompjri]AKv\nia\tI{w [agni-amana-kndam]+Mx xh Ep [agin ni-vra kendra]

    117

    face mask [fes msk]die Gasmaske [di asmask]

    le masque gaz [l mask a z]la mscara antigs [la maskara antias]la maschera antigas [la maskera antias]KymkvamkIv [gysmsk]M J{] [gais mupa]

    air-supply tube [ spla tjub]der Atemluftzufuhrschlauch[der atmlufttsufurlaux]le tube dalimentation en air [l tyb dalimtsj]el tubo de aire [l ubo de are]il tubo di alimentazione aria [il tubo di alimentatsjone arja]hmbp {]hml\mfn [vyu pavha-ni]x [vyu nli]

    protective clothing[prtktv kl]die Schutzkleidung [di utskladu]le vtement ignifuge et hydrofuge[l vtmiify e idfy]el vestido antifuego e impermeable [l bestido antifueo

    e imprmeable]la tuta di protezione [la tuta di protettsjone]cmIhNw [rak-kavacam]Ij [rak-vastra]

    breathing apparatus[bri prets]das Atemschutzgert [das atmutsrt]lappareil (m) respiratoire[lapaj spiatwa]el aparato de oxgeno [l aparato de sixeno]lautoprotettore (m) [lautoprotettore]izkt\m]IcWw [vasa-npakaraam]x ={Eh [vasan upa-kara]

    warning device[wn dvas]das Warngert [das varnrt]lavertisseur (m) sonore[lavtis sn]la alarma [la alarma]il dispositivo di allarme [il dispozitivo di allarme]A]mbkqNIb{w [apya-scaka-yantam]Six ={Eh [cetvn upa-kara]

    small axe, ax[sml ks]das Feuerwehrbeil [das frverbal]la hache [la a]la hacha de bombero [la ata de bmbero]la ascia da pompiere [la aa da pompjre]ssItmSmen [kaikkli]Ec [kulh]

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    back [bk]der Rcken [der rykn]le dos [l do]el lomo [l lomo]la costa [la ksta]amSv[m]

    {` [ph]

    blade [bleid]die Klinge[di kli]la lame [la lam]la hoja [la xa]la lama[la lama]

    AeIv[alak]v [dhr]

    cutting edge[kti ed]die Schneide [di nad]le tranchant[l t]el filo[l filo]il filo della lama [il filo della lama]hmbve [vyttala]v [dhr]

    bolster [blstr]die Krone [di kron]la mitre[la mit]la cabeza [la kabea]la corona [la korona]Ipg [kua]

    ] [bolsar]

    guard[d]das Schild [das ilt]lpaulement(m)[lepolm]

    la guarda [la uarda]lo scudo [lo skudo]KmUv[gr]Mb [gr]

    point[pnt]die Spitze [di pits]la pointe [la pwt]la punta [la punta]la punta [la punta]ap\ [muna]

    xE [nok]rivet[rivit]der Niet [der nit]le rivet[l iv]el remache [l rrmate]il rivetto [il rivetto]BWn [i]EE [klak]

    tip[tip]die Spitze [di pits]

    le bout

    [l bu]la punta [la punta]la punta [la punta]A{Kw

    [agam]xE [nok]

    side[said]die Seite [di zat]la face[la fas]la cara [la kara]il lato[il lato]hiw [vaam]{ [prva]

    tang, tongue[t,t]die Angel [di al]la soie [la swa]la espiga [la espia]il codolo [il kodolo]Xcv[tarant]Vc [ja]

    handle[hndl]der Griff [der rf]le manche [l m]el mango [l mao]il manico[il maniko]]nSn [pii]` [mh]

    neck [nek]der Hals [der hals]le collet [l kl]el cuello[l kueo]il collo[il kllo]Igpv[kautt]Mnx [gardan]

    bowl [boul]der Schpfteil [der ftal]le cuilleron[l kij]la cuchara [la kutara]la parte concava del cucchiaio [la parte knkava del kukkjajo]Ipgn [kui]E] [kaor] root [rut]

    die Wurzel [di vurtsl]le fond dyeux [l fdj]la raz [la rrai]la radice[la radite]NphSv[cuva] [ml]

    tine[tain]die Zinke [di tsk]

    la dent

    [la d]el diente [l djente]il dente [il dnte]]v[pall]E] [k]

    slot[slt]der Schlitz [der lts]lentredent (m) [ltd]el entrediente [l entredjente]la fessura [la fessura]hnShv[viav]Un [ched]

    microwave oven[maikruweiv vn]das Mikrowellengert [das mikrovlnert]le four micro-ondes [l fu a miko d]el horno de microondas [l rno de mikroondas]il forno a microonde [il forno a mikroonde]ssat{Imthhv Hmh [maik-vvvan]

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    flute[flut]die Flte [di flt]la flte[la flyt]la flauta[la flauta]il flauto[il flauto]HmSpg [akkual]

    [bsur]harp [hp]die Harfe [di harf]la harpe [la ap]el arpa [l arpa]larpa (f) [larpa]kmcMvKn [sragi]{ [hrp]

    pedal [pdl]das Pedal [das pedal]la pdale [la pedal]el pedal [l pedal]il pedale [il pedale]s]U [peal]{b [paiil]

    string[str]die Saite [di zat]la corde [la krd]la cuerda [la kurda]

    la corda [la krda]X{n [tanti]i [tr]

    pillar[pl]die Baronstange [di baronsta]la colonne [la kln]la columna [la kolumna]la colonna[la kolonna]kvXw`w [stambham]i [stambh]

    crown [kran]die Krone [di kron]le chapiteau [l apito]la corona [la korona]la corona [la korona]incv[irss] [r]

    fingerhole[fhl]das Tonloch [das tonlx]le trou de flte [l tu d flyt]el agujero [l auxero]il foro [il foro]kpjncw [suiram]

    Un [ched]

    guitar[t]die Gitarre[di itar]la guitare[la ita]la guitarra [la itarra]la chitarra[la kitarra]Knm [gittr]Mi [gitr]

    tuning peg[tjun p]der Wirbel [der vrbl]la cheville[la vij]la clavija[la klabixa]il pirolo[il pirlo]I [kaa]J] []

    fret[frt]der Bund [der bunt]la frette[la ft]el traste [l traste]il tasto [il tasto]X{n [tanti]E [srik]

    nut[nt]der Sattel [der zatl]le sillet[l silj]

    la cejilla[la xia]il capotasto [il kapotasto]] [paa]x] [na]

    body [bd]der Korpus [der krpus]la caisse [la ks]la caja [la kaxa]la cassa [la kassa]AMvKw [agam]vc [dha]

    head [hd]der Kragen [der kran]la tte [la tt]la cabeza[la kabea]la paletta [la paletta]iojw

    [ram]

    Mx [garebn]neck [nk]der Hals [der hals]la manche[la m]el cuello [l kueo]il manico [il maniko]Igpv[kautt]Mnx [gardan]

    rib[rb]die Zarge [di tsar]lclisse (f)[leklis]el reborde [l rrbrde]la fascia[la faa]]mizw [prvam]U [chor]

    rose [rz]das Schalloch [das allx]la rosace [la ozas]la roseta [la rrseta]la rosa [la rza]tdmkv[s]W [roz]

    string holder[str hld]der Steg [der tek]le cordier [l kdje]el cordal [l krdal]la cordiera [la krdiera]X{nnSn [tantippii]ij-v [tantri-dhr]

    soundboard[sandbd]das Dach [das dax]la table dharmonie[la tabl darmni]la tabla armnica [la tabla armonika]la tavola armonica [la tavola armnika][z\neI [dhvanippalaka]vx E [dhvani phalak]

    173

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    electric drill [lktrk dril]der Bohrer [der borr]la perceuse lectrique[la psz elktik]el taladro elctrico [l taladro elktriko]il trapano elettrico [il trapano elttriko]CeIv{SnIv{_ [ilakrikbahma]

    b [ril]

    chuck[tk]das Backenfutter[das baknfutr]le mandrin [l md]el mandril[l mandril]il mandrino[il mandrino]NIv [cak]

    SE [cak]

    jaw[d]die Backen [di bakn]le mors [l m]la mordaza [la mrdaa]la griffa[la riffa]tPm [j]

    M [gl] switch [swt]der Schalter [der altr]linterrupteur (m)[lteypt]el interruptor [l intrruptr]linterruttore (m)[linterruttore]

    kznv [svicc]S [sivc]

    hand brace [hnd bres]die Handbohrmaschine [di hantbormain]le vilebrequin[l vilbk]

    el taladro de pecho [l taladro de peto]il trapano a petto [il trapano a ptto]{_ [bahma]

    l- [hth-barm]

    crank [krk]der Bgel[der byl]la manivelle[la manivl]el arco [l arko]la manovella[la manovlla]`pPZfiv [bhuja-dadh]

    GE [kraik]

    front knob [frnt nb]der Brustkopf[der brustkpf]le pommeau[l pmo]la empuadura [la empuadura]il pomolo [il pomolo]samv [mo]

    ni [dast]

    handle[hndl]der Drehgriff[der drerf]

    la poigne[la pwae]el mango [l mao]limpugnatura (f)[limpuatura]ssInSn [kaippii]

    ` [mh]

    ratchet [rtt]die Ratsche [di rate]le rochet [l ]la matraca [la matraka]il cricco [il krikko]Ipn [kui]

    S] [raic]

    shank [k]der Schaft [der aft]la tige[la ti]el taln [l taln]il codolo [il codolo]IW [kaa]

    bb [an]

    flute[flut]der Spangang [der pana]la goujure[la uay]el canal [l kanal]la scanalatura[la skanalatura]Nmev [cl]

    x [nl]

    land[lnd]die Flanke [di flak]le listel[l listl]el borde del lomo [l brde del lomo]la faccetta [la fattetta]]mizmMvKw [prvgam]

    { [pahl]

    twist drill [twist dril]der Spiralbohrer [der piralborr]le foret hlicodal[l f elikidal]la broca comn [la broka komun]la punta elicoidale[la punta elikidale]Xacv [tamar]

    b [ril]

    178

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    petrol station [ptrl sten]die Tankstelle [di taktl]la station-service[la stasj-svis]la estacin de servicio [la estain de srbiio]la stazione di servizio[la stattsjone di servittsjo]s]t{Sm kvtddj [pe san]

    {] ]x [perol sean]

    kiosk [kisk]der Kiosk [der kisk]le kiosque[l kjsk]el kiosco [l kisko]il chiosco [il kjsko]]oSnI [pika]Ui [chatr]

    car wash [k w]die Autowaschanlage [di autovaanla]le lave-auto [l lav-oto]el lavado de automviles [l labado de automobiles]lautolavaggio (m)[lautolavaddo]Im hmjv [kr v]

    E [kr v]

    repair shop [rp p]die Reparaturwerkstatt [di reparaturvrktat]latelier (m) de mcanique [latlje d mekanik]el taller de mecnica [l tar de mekanika]lofficina (f) meccanica[loffitina mekkanika]hvtjmv [varkkpp]E{ [varkp]

    CarWash

    cash desk [k dsk]

    die Kasse [di kas]le bureau [l byo]la oficina[la ofiina]la cassa [la kassa]Iu [kauar]E=h] [kuar]

    0,00 0,00

    Petrol Diesel

    21

    0,00 0,00

    petrol pump [ptrl pmp]die Zapfsule [di tsapfzyl]le distributeur dessence [l distibyt dess]el surtidor de gasolina [l surtidr de asolina]la pompa della benzina [la pompa della bendzina]s]t{Sm ]v[pe pamp]

    {] {{ [perol pamp]

    petrol pump hose [ptrl pmp hz]der Zapfsschlauch[der tsapfslaux]le tuyau du distributeur [l tijo dy distibyt]la goma del surtidor [la oma del surtidr]il tubo [il tubo]tlmkv [hs]W [hoz]

    nozzle[nzl]der Zapfhahn [der tsapfhan]le pistolet distributeur[l pistl distibyt]la pistola del surtidor [la pistola del surtidr]la pistola di erogazione [la pistla di eroattsjone]Ipghmbv [kual-vy]]] [o]

    volume readout [vljum ridat]die Fllmengenanzeige[di fyl

    mnantsa]le volume dbit [l vlym debite]los cuentalitros[los kuentalitros]i litri erogati [i litri eroati]AfhpkqNIw [avu-scakam]+ix{ [-yatanmp]

    cash readout [k ridat]der Geldbetrag [der ltbtrak]la somme payer [la sm a peje]la cantidad [la kantidad]limporto (m) indicato[limprto

    indikato]\mWykqNIw [nya-scakam]CE-SE [sikk-scak]

    type of fuel[tap f fjl]die Treibstoffart [di trabtfart]le type de carburant [l tip d

    kaby]el tipo de combustible[l tipo

    de kmbustible]il tipo di carburante[il tipo di

    karburante]C\kqNnI [indhana-scika]

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    Activity[ktvt],Ttigkeit[tatikat],Activit[aktivite],

    Actividad[aktibidad],Attivit[at-tivita],

    {]hn[pavartti],GB[kriye]

    to add [t d]addieren [adirn]additionner[adisjne]adicionar[aijonar]addizionare[ad-ditsionare]IqpI [kuka]Vcx [jon]

    to amaze [t mez]verwundern[frvundrn]tonner[etne]

    extraar[estraar]stupire[stupire]hnkvabnpI [vismayikkuka]i x [vismit hon]

    to advise [t dvaz]beraten [brtn]conseiller[kseje]aconsejar [aknsxar]consigliare[konsiare]D]tZinpI [upadikkuka] nx [salg den]

    to aim at [t em t]richten auf[ritn af]viser[vize]

    apuntar [apuntar]puntare su [puntare su]Dw t\mpI[unnam nkkuka]xx Ex [nin karn]

    to angle [t l]angeln[aln]

    pcher [pee]pescar [peskar]pescare [peskare]NqbnSpI [ca-yiuka] U {Ecx [bas se machl pakan]

    to amuse [t mjuz]unterhalten[untrhaltn]divertir[divti]divertir[dibrtir]divertire[divertire]hnt\mZnnpI [vindippikkuka]xVx Ex [manorajan karn]

    1+2+3= 6

    7+3=

    to arrest [t rst]verhaften[frhaftn]arrter [aete]arrestar [arrestar]arrestare[arrestare]XShnempI [taavilkkuka]M~i Ex [giraftr karn]

    to answer [t nsr]antworten[antvrtn]rpondre [epd a]responder [rrespnder]rispondere a [rispondere a]Dcw ]dbpI[uttaram paayuka]V nx [javb den]

    to announce[t nans]bekannt geben [bekant ebn]annoncer[anse]anunciar[anuniar]annunciare[annuntare]AdnbnpI [aiyikkuka]Ph Ex [o karn]

    to ask [t sk]fragen[fran]demander[dmde]

    preguntar[preuntar]chiedere[kjdere]tNmZnpI [cdikkuka]{Ux [pchn]

    to assemble [t smbl]versammeln[frzamln]runir[eyni]reunir[rrunir]riunire[riunire]ktfnpI [sammikkuka]BE j x [ekatr hon]

    to assist [t sst]helfen[hlfn]aider[ede]ayudar [ajudar]aiutare[ajutare]klmbnpI [sahyikkuka]i nx [sahyat den]

    245

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    to drum [t drm]trommeln[trmln]

    jouer du tambour[we dy tbu]tocar el tambor [tokar l tambr]tamburellare[tamburellare]sNsImpI [cea-kouka]f Vx [hol bajn]

    to drive [t drav]fahren[farn]conduire[kdi]conducir[knduir]

    guidare[widare]hml\w HmSnpI[vhanam ikkuka]Sx [caln]

    to drown [t dran]ertrinken [rtrkn]se noyer [s nwaje]ahogar [aoar]affogare[affoare]apnacnpI [mui-marikkuka]bx [bn]

    to drink [t drk]trinken[trkn]

    boire[bwa]beber

    [bebr]bere [bere]IpSnpI [kuikkuka]{x [pn]

    to drill [t drl]bohren [born]percer un trou[pse tu]taladrar [taladrar]forare[forare]XpfbvpI [tuaykkuka]x [barmn]

    to dance [t dns]tanzen[tantsn]danser [dse]

    bailar[balar]ballare[ballare]\rw sNpI [nttam ceyyuka]

    xi Ex [ntyakarn]

    to discuss [t dsks]diskutieren[dskutirn]discuter[diskyte]discutiendo[diskutiendo]discutere[diskutere]N sNpI [carcca ceyyuka]SSEx [carc karn]

    to dig [t d]graben [rabn]creuser[kze]cavar [kabar]scavare[skavare]IpgnpI [kuikkuka]

    Jnx [odn]

    to draw [t dr]zeichnen[tsann]dessiner[desine]dibujar[dibuxar]disegnare[diseare]Nn{Xw hcbvpI [citam varaykkuka]Sj xx [citr bann]

    to dive [t dav]tauchen[taun]

    plonger[ple]bucear [buear]tuffarsi[tuf-farsi]DufnbnSpI [iyiuka]Mi Mx [got lagn]

    to distribute [t dstrbjut]verteilen[frtaln]distribuer[distibe]

    distribuir[distribuir]distribuire [distribuire]hnXcWw sNpI[vitaraam ceyyuka]ii Ex [vi-tarit karn]

    to dream [t drim]trumen[trymn]rver[eve]soar[soar]sognare[soare]kz]v\w ImWpI [svapnam kuka]{x nJx [svapn den]

    to dress [t drs]anziehen[antsin]habiller[abije]vestir[bestir]vestire[vestire]hkv{Xw [cnnpI[vastam dharippikkuka]{xx [pahann]

    to dispute [t dspjut]bestreiten[btratn]se disputer [s dispyte]debatir [debatir]contestare [kontestare]XnpI [tarkkikkuka]n Ex [vi-vd karn]

    250

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    275

    English Index

    English Index English Index

    A

    abdomen 52, 25abdominal aorta 34above 273accelerator pedal214access window 159accident 107accordion 171accused 113Ace 199aconite 79activity 245actor 102actress 102

    actuator arm 160actuator arm motor160acupuncture 107add 45add key 162adjective 269adjustable lamp 238adjustable spanner180adjusting screw 179adrenal gland 31Advent 118advertisement 207

    advise 245aerial 162, 165, 168,213Africa 58afternoon 130against 274aim at 245air conditioner 219air hostess 224aircraft 223airport 224air-supply tube 117alarm clock 170

    albumen 49alcohol bulb 244alcohol column 244algae 79Allah 118alligator 50almond 76altar 118amaze 245ambulance 107American footballplayer 190among 274amplifier 163

    amuse 245anchor 231angel 118

    angle 245animal 36ankle 26announce 245answer 245ant 53Antarctic circle 57antelope 36antenna 52, 162,anther 69anticollision light224anti-mist windscreen217

    antique shop 92anvil 177aorta 29apex 210appendix 30apple 71apple juice 90apple tree 84apricot71April 128apron 147Aquarius 201arc 208

    arc welding machine185archaeologist 102archipelago 60architect 102Arctic Circle 57Aries 200Ark 118arm 25, 145, 222,231, 238arm stump 145armchair 144armhole 152armour 125

    armpit 24armrest 112arrest 113, 245arrival 224arrow 125articulated vehicle221artist 102ascending colon 30Ascension 118ash 236ashtray 236Asia 58

    ask 245asleep 273asparagus 74

    aspirin 107assemble 245assist 245astronaut 102astronomer 102athelete 193Atlantic Ocean 56atlas 33attack 246aubergine 74auditory canal 35August 128aunt 99auricle 35

    Australia 58automatic filtercoffee maker 152autumn 129awake 273axe 177axis 28

    B

    baboon 36baby 96bachelor 101back 26, 42, 112, 149backboard 189bacon 87bacterium 107badge 113badger 37badminton racket191bail 143Baisakhi 122bait 186bake 246baker 102

    bakery 92balcony 138bald 27balloon 216ballpoint pen 203balsam 70bamboo 79banana 72banana flower 80banana leaf 80banana tree 80bandage 107banjo 171

    bank 60banknote 244baptism 118

    bar 176, 194barbecue 87, 246barber 102bark 86, 246barley 80barn 139base 204, 210, 238,242baseball 188basement window138basement 138basket 216, 242basketball 189

    basketball player189bass drum 172bass keyboard 171bass register 171bassoon 171bastion 139bat 37, 188bath 141bathe 246bathrobe 153bathroom 141batsman 188

    battery 214, 239bay 60beach 60beak 46beam 187, 234beam balance 187bear 37beard 27beat 246beaver 37bed 145bedroom 145bedside cabinet 145bedside rug 146

    bedspread 145beech tree 84beer 90beetle 53beg 247behind 273, 274bell 115, 172, 174,202bellows 171, 177below 273belt 153bench 137bend 240

    beside 274between 274bevel 111

    bib 157Bible 118bicycle 215bicycle pump 216bidet 141bifocal lens 240big 269bikini briefs 156bill 246bin 184binding 155binoculars 241birch 84bird 46

    birthday 122biscuit 87biscuits, cookies 87bishop 118, 199bison 38bit 237bite 246bitt 230black 200, 211black nightshade 81blackboard 102blade 79, 143, 149,179, 182,183, 186,

    196, 222, 242,blade lever 187blancmange 87blanket 145blazer 157bleed 247blender 148bless 247blizzard 61blocker 201blood 107blood donation 107blood vessel 29blouse 157

    blow 246blue 211blunt 269boa 50boar 39board cutter 187body 171, 173, 219,241boil 246bolster 149bolt 177bongos 172bonnet 212

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    A

    Aal 55Abdeckhaube 164Abend 130Abendessen 90Abendmahl 120Abfahrt 224Abfahrtslauf 195Abfalleimer 184abladen 267Ablaufrost 234Absatz 156abschieen 259Abschlag 192

    abschrauben 267Abstellrost 150Abstimmtasten 167abstrzen 249Abtastnadel 164Abwehrspieler 191Abzug 116Achse 28Achselhhle 24Achselsttze 108acht 133acht Uhr 131Achtersteven 228achtzehn 133

    achtzig 135addieren 245Additionstaste 162Adjektiv 269Adler 47Advent 118Affe 37Afrika 58Ahorn 85Aktentasche 243Akupunktur 107Algen 79Alkoholkolben 244

    Alkoholsule 244Allah 118Alligator 50alt 271, 272Altar 118ltere Bruder 99ltere Bruder desVaters 100ltere Schwester 98ltere Schwester derMutter 100Amboss 35, 177Ameise 53Ananas 73, 82

    anbeten 269Angeklagte 113

    Angel 149, 183angeln 245angreifen 246Anhnger 158, 220Anhngerkupplung219Anker 231Ankunft 224Anrufbeantworter167anrufen 259anstehen 260Antenne 52, 162,165, 168, 213Antilope 36Antiquitten-geschft 92antworten 245Anzeige 162anziehen 225Anzug 153Anzughose 153anznden 257Aorta 29Apfel 71Apfelbaum 84Apfelsaft 90

    Apotheke 93Aprikose 71April 128quator 56arbeiten 269Arbeitsleuchte 238Arbeitsplatte 147Archologin 102Arche 118Archipel 60Architekt 102Arm 25, 231, 238Armaturenbrett 214Armausschnitt 152

    Armband 132, 158Armbanduhr 132rmel 153Armkachel 125Armlehne 145Armlehnstuhl 144Armschlinge 110Armsttze 112, 145Armvene 34Arzt 103Asche 236Aschenbecher 236

    Asien 58Aspirin 107Ass 199

    Ast 84Astronaut 102Astronom 102Atemluftzufuhr-schlauch 117Atemschutzgert117Athlet 193Atlantische Ozean56Atlas 33atmen 247Aubergine 74auf 274aufblasen 255aufdecken 267aufgeben 257aufgehen 261aufhngen 254Auflagetisch 187Auflieger 220aufnehmen 260Aufsatz 192Aufschlag 153, 154aufsteigendeGrimmdarm 30Augapfel 27

    Auge 23, 50Augenbraue 23Augenlid 27Augentropfen 108Augenwimper 27August 128auslschen 251Ausfahrt 233ausgraben 251Ausgussreiniger185Ausleger 220auspacken 267Auspuffrohr 217

    ausringen 269ausruhen 261ausrutschen 263ausschneiden 263Auentank 226ausstoen 251ausstrahlen 247Australien 58ausziehen 264, 267Auto 212Autobahn 233

    Autogeschft 92Autoradio 213Autotr 212

    Autowaschanlage232Axt 177

    B

    Babytragetasche242Bach 61Backe 40, 240Backen 178backen 246Backenfutter 178

    Bcker 102Bckerei 92Backofen 147Bademantel 153baden 246Badewanne 141Badezimmer 141Badmintonschlger191Baggerlffel 222Baggerstiel 222Bahne 241Bahnhof 226

    Bahnsteig 226Baisakhi 112Bakterie 107Balg 171Balken 187, 234Balkenwaage 187Balkon 138Balsam 70Bambus 79Banane 72Bananenblatt 80Bananenblte 80Bananenstaude 80Banderole 237

    Bandsperre 187Banjo 171Bank 137Banknote 244Br 37Baronstange 173Bart 27Baseball 188Basis 210Basketball 189Basketballspieler189

    Bassregister 171Bassteil 171Bastion 139

    Batterie 214, 239Bauch 25Bauchaorta 34Bauchgurt 194Bauchpanzer 52Bauchschmerzen110Bauchspeicheldrse30bauen 247, 249Bauer 104, 199Baum 84Baumschere 184Baumwollstrauch80bebauen 252Becken 172bedecken 249Bedienblende 149bedienen 262befestigen 252Befestigungsclip187begleiten 251begren 253Behlter 148, 226,239

    Beichte 119Beil 177Bein 25, 52Beinrhre 125beien 246bekannt geben 245bekommen 260beladen 257bellen 246beraten 245Bergarbeiter 105Berghang 59Bergkette 63Bergschlucht 61

    Bergsteiger 197berichten 261berhren 266Beschftigung 102beschneiden 259beseitigen 261Besen 143Besenborsten 143Besenstiel 143Besonderer Anlass122Bespannung 190bestellen 258

    Deutsches Register

    286Deutsches Register Deutsches Register

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    A

    AIv 273AISntkhnpI 251AInSv 43AIn 84AIyp]MvKN 107At{Imv Imbv 77AtmUnb 171AmwitcJ 56AmkvYn 28AKv\n_m[kqNnI 115AKv\n]hXw 59

    AKv\n]hXapJw 59AKv\nia\n 116AKv\nia\tI{w 117AKv\nia\b{w 116AKv\nia\tk\ 115AKv\ymibw 30A{KapIpfw 83A{Kw 79, 149, 153,183, 243Apcw 86

    Aw_cNpw_n 140Awk[a\n 34AMvKw 171, 173Av 133Ap aWn 131ASnpI 259AmWn 177AptIm 111ANvO 98AS 89ASIv 177AS v 148AS 270, 273

    ASnpI 246, 254ASnpdn v 207ASnphmcnb{w 221ASne 234ASnd 59ASntmev 155ASn 169ASnhmcw 59ASnhnv 186ASnbn 274ASp v 147ASpf 146ASp hnfn 168

    AUBwsdkvv 108

    AWen 50AWnbw 228, 229AWpiIvXnKthjW 230AWvUtImiw 31,69AWvUhmln\npg 31A\mfn 69Am 44Amv 28AXnthKwHmSpI 264AXv 97Amgw 90Angw 72ApXsSpI 265A[nhr{K\vYn 31A[ym]I 202A[ym]nI 202A[zm\npI 266AymbiojIw207A\ch 99A\ch 99A\mhcWwsNpI 267

    A\pIcnpI 255A\pKanpI 253A\pPn 98A\pP 99A\p\mZn 163A\pen]n ^mIkvb{w 169At\zjI 117At\zjnpI 262AcoZqcZin\n 68Ahmln\n 30AmfnpI 264A]ISw 107A]cmlv\w 130A]mbkqNIb{w 117A{]XyamIpI 267A`napJkw`mjWw\SpI 255A`nhmZyw sNpI253A`nZriyI ImNw241Aacw 228Aacmc 228

    AanncnpI248

    Aacb 75Atacn ISph38Av 125AXv 135Aew 121A 98Ambn 99Ambnb 101Ambnb 101Amh 99Acpmbw 155Acsv 25Ac 152Acw 151, 177Acbw 49AcnIv 79, 207, 242AcnIv 273AcnIn 274Acn 151AcpIv 234AcpIpNw 240Acphn 61Amc 118AeIv 149Aeps]mSn 142Aepb{w 142

    Aeamcn 145, 146AedpI 262, 269Aemw LSnImcw170An 73Ah 97AhXcnnpI 259Ah 97Ah 97Ah 97AhnhmlnX 101AhnhmlnX 101Aho]pjv]w 70AivaIw 62AklysSppI254AfcSn 37AfshSppI 257Afhp\mS 187AfhpkqNIw 232Afnb 101Am 118AgIp 272Agn 209, 215AgnsSppI 267Agpp]pcWvS 270AgnapJw 60

    Adkvv 113AdnbnpI 245

    Adp]Xv 135AIpWnmc 106AvemnIvkap{Zw 56

    B

    BImiKMvK 66BIrXn 208B{IanpI 246Bt{IminpI 262BIvknsesd

    s]sU 214BIvskkvhntUm 159BIyptb Bw160BIyptb Bwtamtm 160BKa\w 118, 224BKv 128BSv 43BSpX 199BSn \SpI 267Btkc 144

    BnIpn 43BnSb 106BUv Io 162BWh\nebw 140BWn 149, 180BWnbSnpI 258B]n 39Bam 36B[mcIoew 143,181, 231B[mcn 220B[mcmkvYn 33B\ 41, 199B\smv 41

    B\npI 260Bn 71, 84Bnmdv 90B{^n 58B`cW 158Bw_psekv 107Ba 52Bamgv 186Bamibw 31Baw 186Bbmkw 110Bcm 215Bcm[npI 269

    Bcw`w 198BK 79

    BenMvK\wsNpI 255BhcWw 164, 166,239BiohZnpI 246Bip]{Xn 109Bip]{XnhmUv 112B{iaw 120BivtfjnpI 251Bjvt{S 236Bk\w 26Bkq{XWwsNpI 258Bkv 199Bkvt{Senb 58BkvXcWw 125Bkv]ncn 107Btlm \mfn244Btlm__v 244Bganm 270Bgap 270BgvNXn v 206Bdv 133Bdp aWn 131

    BnsImffnjssev 224Bn\ 162, 165, 168,213

    C

    Cn 75CSvv 273CS\mfn 132CShcmin 201CSnIv 151CSpnb 271CSnapn 151CXv 97CUns 212,217CkpteUv ]nSn184Cyalmkap{Zw 58C{IoSw 54C\smn 217C\w \ndbvpI265C\bd 181, 237

    aebmfw kqNnI

    334aebmfw kqNnI aebmfw kqNnI

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    ++E 86+Eb187

    +M144+M 24+M{S111+ME EV180+M171+M U{113+M {]175+M 72+M E 83+M 91+V 72+b{iE 49+bJ 49

    +b 87+b 31, 69+bE 208+i&E 86+i&k 71+i&|EE 33+iI 66+i{ 57+iI-nnE 68+iIj 68+iIj 102+iIx 67+iIYxE105+i 272

    +i 120+n 273+E 33+M190+v 272+ 51+Ei 128+E xb159+E{ES107+I 28+I 56+CB] +160+CB] + ]160+J]77+M 273+M E168+M { 40, 53, 144+Mi 128+Mx 30+Mx xh Ep117+MxSix115+MxE116+O153+On{ 216+Oni 125+OM79+VM 50

    +Vn75+VP139+c 70

    +134+iliE 104+nE 75+v 52+vE Eh 210+vCE Oxl 31+vk 209+vE E 207+v{E202+xz 73+xV 75, 87+xE 24+x E 70+xh Ex 267+xjE 32+xxnE 163+xEh Ex255+xMx Ex 253+xiE 28+xE 273+xb + ]108+{


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