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Newer trends in parentaral packaging

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  • Submitted byAbhishek Sunil Dhoot (160603003)

    First Year MPharm (Pharmaceutics)

    Under the guidance ofDr. Anup Naha

    NEWER TRENDS IN PARENTARALS PACKAGING

    Department of Pharmaceutics

    EVALUATORY SEMINAR ON

    1

  • Introduction

    Various Packaging materials Glass

    Rubber

    Plastic

    Various Container systems Ampoules

    Vials

    Cartridges

    Bottles and Bags

    Blow/fill/seal Process

    CONTENTS :

    2

  • Sterile product packaging systems consist of glass,rubber, and plastic materials that are in intimatecontact with the formulation.

    There are six basic primary packaging or containersystems:

    1. Ampoules glass

    2. Vials glass and plastic

    3. Syringes glass and plastic

    4. Cartridges glass

    5. Bottles glass and plastic

    6. Bags plastic

    Rubber is used in Closures for vials and bottles,plunger and seal in syringes etc.

    Introduction:

    3

  • A Glass is primarily composed of the elementsilicon.

    Classification of glass:

    Type I, a borosilicate glass.

    Type II, a soda-lime with a chemical surfacetreatment.

    Type III, a soda-lime glass.

    Type IV NP, a soda-lime glass not suitable forcontainers for Parenterals

    Glass:

    4

  • 5

  • In the injectable drug product business, rubber isused for many applications

    Closures for vials and bottles

    Seals and plungers for syringes and cartridges,

    Gaskets in manufacturing equipment

    Advances in rubber closure technologies haveintroduced closures with special polymer coatingor laminate

    Rubber:

    6

  • Advancement with the Flurotec coating is a stopper calledLyoTec.

    The top surface of the LyoTec stopper is treated with Flurotec.This prevents the stopper from sticking to the top pressure platesof the freeze dryer shelves and either coming completely off of thevial or having the stopper plus the vial stick to the shelf above

    The Flurotec is a barrier laminate protecting the drug productfrom the rubber formulation.

    Flurotec treated surface

    LAMINATED AREA

    SEALED AREA

    sealed area

    L Laminated area

    Advancement with the Flurotec coating

    7

  • Plastics are widely used for parenteral drugcontainers and administration devices.

    Thermoplastics are polymers that soften uponheating and solidify upon cooling with theseprocesses being reversible.

    Most parenteral packaging are thermoplastics

    Plastic:

    8

  • Glass sealed ampoules were the most popularprimary packaging system for small volumeinjectable products.

    Glass ampoules are Type I tubing glass in sizesranging from 150 ML

    Major Disadvantage with the ampoules is theproblem of glass particles entering thesolution when the ampoule is broken toremove the drug product.

    Ampoules :

    9

  • SafeBreaK is a safety ampoule breaker and itavoids dangerous glass filing required duringbreaking the ampoule.

    No gauze pads necessary to protect hands.

    SafeBreaK prevents cross contamination

    Safety ampoule breaker:

    10

  • The most common packaging for liquid and freeze-dried injectables is the glass vial.

    Plastic is also used

    Plastic vials are made of cyclic olefin copolymer (COC).

    The appearance of a plastic vial looks identical to a glass vial.

    Vials:

    11

  • Syringes are very popular delivery systemsthey are used either as empty sterilecontainer systems where solutions arewithdrawn from vials into the empty syringeprior to injection.

    12

  • In cartridges the drug product is filled into a glasstube.

    Cartridges are inserted into delivery pens.

    Cartridge/pen delivery systems are used primarilyfor multiple dose proteins such as insulin andgrowth hormone

    Cartridges:

    13

  • Bottles and bags typically refer to containerslarger than 100 ML.

    Large volume injectable solutions or emulsionsare contained in bottles or bags rather than vials

    Bottles can be glass or plastic

    Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) was the polymer materialof choice for many years for bags

    Bottles and bags:

    14

  • BLOW/FILL/SEAL Process: Aseptic blow-fill-seal (BFS) technology is

    the process by which plastic containers areformed, filled with sterile filtered productand sealed in an uninterrupted sequenceof operations within the controlled sterileenvironment of a single machine.

    15

  • 16

    Sterility is very important in parenteral formulation and Packaging system plays very crucial role in it . Its keeps the drug safe and sterile from contamination and protects from environmental conditions.

    Conclusion

  • Sacha G A, Clemmer W, Abram K. Practicalfundamentals of glass, rubber, and plastic sterilepackaging systems. Pharmaceutical Developmentand Technology . 2010 February; 15(1): 634

    Zadbuke N, Shahi S, Gulecha B, Padalkar A, andThube M. Recent trends and future ofpharmaceutical packaging technology. J PharmBioallied Sci. 2013 Apr-Jun; 5(2): 98110 Availablefrom www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

    Blow fill seal process. Catalant; 2012 August 29.Available fromwww.youtube.com/watch?v=bw6vMQ7jDHE

    References:

    17

    file:///F:/Seminar Data/S1/Sources/Recent trends and future of pharmaceutical packaging technology.htmhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bw6vMQ7jDHE

  • THANK YOU!

    18

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