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Visual Dictionary final

Date post: 20-Aug-2015
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Plasterboard Visual Dictionary
  1. 1. Plasterboard
    Visual Dictionary
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper
    A protective barrier to keep the elements out after you have already attached the sheathing
  3. 3. Soffit Vent
    A vent on the eave of the roof to allow ventilation into the attic
  4. 4. Ridge Vent
    A vent located on the ridge of the roof to keep wind, rain, snow, and insects from entering the attic, all while providing ventilation
  5. 5. Gable Vent
    Another way to provide ventilation to the attic and found on the side of the house where the gable is found
  6. 6. Roof Turbine
    Work with the wind to pull all the moist, hot air from your attic out into the air
  7. 7. Backhoe
    An excavator that uses a large bucket to move the earth from one place to another.The size of this bucket is 2*2
  8. 8. Batter boards
    Horizontal boards used to outline where a building will be so that all the masons will have a place to work from.
  9. 9. Brick arch 1
  10. 10. Brick Arch 2
  11. 11. Keystone
  12. 12. Centering
    Temporary framework used to build arches, vaults, and domes
  13. 13. Running Bond
    All stretchers on every course
  14. 14. Common Bond
    A header row every 6th course
  15. 15. Rowlocks
  16. 16. Headers
  17. 17. Soldiers
  18. 18. Sailors
  19. 19. Shiners
  20. 20. Modular Brick
    Brick that is most commonly used
    Nominal dimensions are 8* 2 2/3
    Actual dimensions are 7 5/8* 2
  21. 21. Standard Brick
    Very similar to Modular but has different actual dimensions
    Nominal 2 2/3* 8
    Actual 2 * 8
  22. 22. Bulldozer
    Another large piece of equipment used on a jobsite to push around large amounts of earth
  23. 23. Brick clad
    Brick used strictly as a veneer wall, which means it is not needed for structural purposes
  24. 24. EIFS Structure
  25. 25. Stone clad
  26. 26. Wood Board
  27. 27. Wood shake
  28. 28. Egress Window
    This window meets requirements because it is less than 44, the required height from the ground, and has greater than 5 sf.
    The dimensions of the window are 24*36 which are more than the 20*24 the IBC requires
  29. 29. Stair
    These stairs meet code because their tread is 11 and their riser is 8.This is more than what is required and therefore does not meet code. The tread is ok, but the riser is too tall.
    The IBC requires that the tread be at least 10 and the riser be no more than 7 .
  30. 30. Control Joint
    A joint in that allows cracking to occur so that it doesnt occur in the middle of the slab, where it could do a lot of damage
    Isolation Joint-
    Isolate slabs from other parts of the structure
    Crack near a control joint
    Separating two different slabs
  31. 31. CMU
    CMU stands for Concrete Masonry Unit, which is a block of hard concrete, and is used as a backup wall in larger size projects where wood would be too costly
    Nominal dimensions are 8*8*16
    Actual are 7 5/8* 7 5/8* 15 5/8
    Three courses of Brick for 1 CMU
  32. 32. CMUs 2 sizes
    Split block
    Regular size
  33. 33. Split and Ribbed Block
  34. 34. Panel Door and Exterior Flush Door
    Has all the parts needed for a 6 panel door
    Flush door
    Top Rail
    Lock Rail
    Bottom Rail
  35. 35. Transom and Sidelights
    Transom is the window above a door that allows light into the room
    Sidelights are windows on the side of the door that also allow light in
    Side Lights
  36. 36. Electrical Components
    Receptacle is like a regular outlet that allows you to plug electrical things up
    This is an underground transformer that lowers the voltage before it enters your house or neighborhood
    The service head is where the electric company feeds your electrical wires into your meter box
    Your meter box allows the power company to check to see your power usage
    A service panel allows you to turn on certain breakers
    Meter box
    Service head
    Service Panel
  37. 37. Framing
    #3 Floor Joist
    #4 Subflooring
    #1: Anchor Bolts
    #2 Sill Plate
    #5 Sole Plate
  38. 38. Framing
    # 6 Studs
    #7 Top Plate
    #8 Ceiling Joists
  39. 39. Framing
    #9 Rafter
    #10 Decking
    #11 Sheathing
    #12 Stringer
  40. 40. Front End Loader
    Is almost like a bulldozer except a front end loader can pick up the dirt and materials to move it from place to place, rather than just push it like a bulldozer
  41. 41. Gypsum Board
    Gypsum board is used as our wall and covers up the framing for our house
  42. 42. Heat Pump/ Air Handling Unit/ Compressor/Condenser
    One advantage is that it is the most efficient.
    One disadvantage is that you might need a backup plan because it doesnt always work at really low temperatures.
    The compressor/condenser works with the air handling unit to provide cool or warm air to your house
    The air handling unit send the warm or cool air into the house through the ducts
  43. 43. Batt and loose fill insulation
    Batt insulation is the most common and can be used between studs by friction or nailed to studs
    Loose fill insulation is used primarily in the attic and it can get in all the gaps better than batt insulation, giving you more insulation
  44. 44. Rigid Board Insulation
  45. 45. Lintel
    A concrete or steel beam that transfers the forces above a window or door, around and down the window or door.
  46. 46. Mortar Joint 1
    Trowled and 1/8 wide
    Used on Dudley Hall as exterior face
    Probably S mortar
  47. 47. Mortar Joint 2
    Tooled because it was raked out.
    1/8 wide joint
    Used on building on College St. as exterior veneer.
    Probably S type mortar
  48. 48. OSB
    OSB is a type of manufactured board that is a nonveneered panel product.
    It is made by compressing multiple strands of board together under pressure
  49. 49. Plumbing
    We use 1-1/2 piping to drain our lavatory, otherwise known of the sink
    We use 3 piping to drain our water closet, otherwise known as the toilet.
    Tub set in before gypsum board has been placed
    Water closet
  50. 50. Plumbing continued
    The plumbing roof vent allows air to enter the waste piping
    The sink here is a drop-in
  51. 51. Plywood
    Plywood is manufactured by taking sheets of veneer and pressing them together with a lot of pressure
    Veneer is a thin sheet of wood usually glued together to form OSB or plywood
  52. 52. Radiant Barrier
    A radiant barrier prevents heat from entering the house.It is usually is placed in the attic
  53. 53. Rebar
    The diameter of the rebar used in this project is 5/8
    The purpose of the deformations is to keep a grip on the concrete to keep it from moving.
  54. 54. Drainage
    A gutter allows water to flow from the roof to the downspout
    A downspout allows the flow of water from the gutter to the ground in a confined area
    A splashblock diverts the water from to downspout into the ground and spreads it out so that it doesnt puddle up right under the downspout
  55. 55. Underlayment
    Felt, usually asphalt, laid down to attach shingles to and to add more protection for the roof decking
  56. 56. Clay Tile Roof
  57. 57. Metal Panel Roof
    Materials Used: Galvanized Steel
  58. 58. Wood Shingle Roof
    A small strip of wood cut into shingles to be used on the roof of a house or building.Very common in old country houses where there was a lot of wood
  59. 59. Roofs
    Gable Roof
    Gambrel roof
  60. 60. Roofs
    Hip Roof
  61. 61. Roof Terms
    A ridge is the upper top of a slope. Usually the highest point on the roof and of the house
    A valley is the place where two slopes meet, and a provides a run off for drainage purposes
  62. 62. Roof Terms
    An eave is the horizontal edge of the low side of the slope of the roof
    A soffit is the underside of the eave and is usually where the soffit vent is located
    A rake is the slope of the roof on the edge
  63. 63. Fascia
    The exposed edge of an eave, also referred to as the fascia board
  64. 64. Building without a fascia
    Since there is no eave, or soffit, there can be no fascia
  65. 65. Rubble
    Random Rubble
    Coursed Rubble
  66. 66. Ashlar
    Coursed Ashlar
    Random Ashlar
  67. 67. Vapor Retarder
    Prevents water vapor from entering building and is placed underneath the insulation
  68. 68. Waterproofing
    Fully adhered
    Keeps water from entering the building and slab
  69. 69. Weep Hole
    Allows water to escape the cavity between the wall and veneer outside.It is just a small hole that allows the water to weep out of it
  70. 70. Welded Wire Fabric
    Used to strengthen the concrete and keeps it together
    Dimensions are 10*6
  71. 71. Single hung window
    Has one sash that slides up and down the jamb to open the window
  72. 72. Hopper Window
    A sash that opens out or in like it is catching the water or air and hinged on the sill and moves up and down on the jambs
  73. 73. Casement Window
    Window that opens from the jamb out and providesvery good air flow from the outside